Plantagenet (14th century): Horizontal Braiding, Gorget. Gorget - When a wimple is worn without a veil, pinned over hair coils on the side of the head (Fig. 19). Sometimes the coils were braided horizontally (Fig.18). Horizontal Braiding- popular in the mid 14th century, the head would go uncovered, but sometimes a fillet would support the plaits ( Fig. 22).
What a day for Richard III fans! I am more than thrilled to have been connected in any way to what transpired to be such an exciting press conference. To have my art linked to this extraordinary search is nothing less than an honour. I’m so grateful to Richard Taylor at the University of Leicester for getting in touch, and massive props to Kate Brown and Paul Duffield for making my images look so colourful and shiny. Many congratulations to the whole team, and to Philippa Langley for bringing her (and many of our) dream to this stage! I’ll be watching the results closely.
On this day in 1485, King Richard III of England died during the Battle of Bosworth Field, making him the last English monarch to die in battle. Before ascending to the throne, Richard served as protector of the realm for his nephew,
the 12 year old King Edward V. Supposedly to protect him before his coronation, Richard had the young king and his brother lodged in the royal palace of the Tower of London. However, Edward’s claim to the throne was declared invalid and Richard claimed the throne for himself. Soon after Richard’s coronation in July 1483, ‘the Princes in the Tower’ mysteriously disappeared, leading many to believe Richard had them killed to consolidate his claim to the
throne. Richard’s reign, and indeed much of that of his predecessors,
was dominated by the Wars of the Roses. These wars for the throne were
fought during the mid to late fifteenth century between the houses of
Lancaster and York, rival factions of the royal House of
Plantagenet. Richard III was a Yorkist and contributed to many of his
house’s early victories in the conflict, helping ensure his brother and
then his nephew’s reign. However, Richard III was destined to become the
last king of both the House of York and the Plantagenet dynasty itself.
He was defeated and killed by the forces of Lancastrian Henry Tudor in the Battle
of Bosworth Field on 22nd August 1485, ending the Wars of the Roses and allowing Henry to become King and
begin the rule of the Tudors. Richard III was buried unceremoniously at Grey Friars Church, and his remains were lost for centuries, until an excavation in 2012 found his skeleton
under a car park in the city of Leicester. The subsequent renewed interest in Richard III, so maligned by William Shakespeare in the eponymous play as a murderer and “poisonous bunch-back’d toad”, was partly shaped by revisionist attempts to emphasise the positive aspects of his reign and character. In 2015, 530 years after his death, King Richard III was reburied in Leicester in a ceremony as befit a king.
PLANTAGENET: a mix for the dynasty of warrior/child/usurper kings and the extremely badass queens that ruled medieval england | listen
i. bastille - daniel in the denii. alpine - empireiii. jesper kyd - chase theme (excerpt from ‘access the animus’) iv. fever ray - if i had a heart v. e. s. posthumus - arisevi. the romanovs - white flagvii. ramin djawadi - the lannisters send their regardsviii. two steps from hell - false kingix. these new puritans - we want warx. harry gregson-williams - coronationxi. howard shore - helm’s deepxii. the civil wars - poison & winexiii. puscifer - horizonsxiv. woodkid - iron xv. hans zimmer and lisa gerrard - elysiumxvi. hurts - illuminated
We’re also working at the moment on developing The Plantagenets and The Wars of the Roses for drama series. That’s the logical next step for me. You’ve had The Tudors, The White Queen, The Borgias, Rome, and so on. Game of Thrones is obviously huge, too, in the sort of alternative medieval sphere where you have barons and kings but also scary skeletons and dragons and whatnot. Anyway, all this I think suggests that there’s a massive, massive appetite for good quality, epic historical drama. So it makes sense to me to start taking these incredible stories from the Plantagenet era in that direction.
Claim to fame: a renowned beauty known to history as ‘The Fair Maid of Kent’, Joan lived impetuously and had a string of scandalous marriages.
When Joan was an infant, her father was planning a rebellion to avenge his half-brother, Edward II, when he was caught and executed by the regents, Isabella of France and Roger Mortimer. Joan’s mother was placed under house arrest with her children until Edward III deposed the regents.
Joan grew to be a great beauty, described by Froissart as “the most beautiful woman in all the realm of England, and the most loving”. At age twelve, she clandestinely married Thomas Holland (a seneschal twice her age) without royal consent. Soon after, Holland went on crusade and Joan’s family pushed her to marry William Montacute. Joan did not disclose her existing marriage as she feared Holland may be executed.
Holland returned years later and appealed to the Pope for the return of his wife. When Montacute discovered that Joan supported Holland, he kept her prisoner in their home until the Pope’s decision allowed her to return to her original husband. They were together for the next eleven years and had five children before his death. Their descendants include Margaret Beaufort, Anne Neville and Elizabeth of York.
Shortly after Holland’s death, Joan began a relationship with her cousin, Edward ‘the Black Prince’. Despite concerns that his royal parents held about her reputation and their consanguinity, the pair secretly married and were officially wed after a Papal dispensation.
The couple moved to Aquitaine where they had two sons. By 1371, Edward’s health was failing and the couple returned to England with their surviving son Richard. Edward died in 1376 and the following year their son was crowned Richard II at the age of 10. As a power behind the throne, Joan was well loved for her influence over the young king and her protection of religious reformers.
When she was 56, a son from her first marriage was condemned to death. Joan pleaded with Richard for four days to spare his half-brother. She died on the fifth day and Richard finally relented. Joan was buried as requested beside her first husband.