plant toxin

Mother Nature’s poisonous plants to humans...

Monkshood (Aconitum napellus)

The most poisonous part is the roots, though the leaves can pack a punch too. Both contain a neurotoxin that can be absorbed through the skin. Early symptoms of poisoning are tingling and numbness at the point of contact or severe vomiting and diarrhea if it has been eaten. In 2010, a woman poisoned her lover using this plant. Apart from causing severe gastrointestinal upset, the poison slows the heart rate which can result in death.

Giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum)

These weeds are massive and pretty hard to miss when they are towering over you.  The sap of the giant hogweed plant is phototoxic; when the contacted skin is exposed to sunlight or to ultraviolet rays it can cause severe skin inflammations. Initially, the skin colours red and starts itching. 

Blisters form as it burns within 48 hours. They form black or purplish scars that can last several years. Hospitalization may be necessary.  The presence of minute amounts of sap in the eyes can lead to temporary or even permanent blindness.

The manchineel tree (Hippomane mancinella) 

Found in northern South America up to the Florida Everglades and throughout the Caribbean. In some parts of its range it’s painted with a cautionary red cross. They grow little green fruits that were once called the ‘little apple of death’ by Columbus. 

The milky sap produced by this tree contains the powerful irritant phorbol. Just brushing past it can leave you with horribly scalded skin. Sheltering beneath it in a tropical shower can be disastrous too because even the diluted sap can cause an extreme rash.  Burning down these trees is also a bad idea. The smoke from a burning manchineel can temporarily blind a person and cause significant breathing problems.  While the effects are unpleasant, skin contact with this tropical tree can’t kill you. The real death threat comes from eating its small round fruit.  Ingesting the fruit can prove fatal when severe vomiting and diarrhea dehydrate the body to the point of no return.

Ricinus communis

Now well known thanks to Walter White in Breaking Bad. This plant is used to make caster oil.  After the laxative oil has been extracted the remaining residues of its mottled brown seeds contain a potent cocktail of toxins. 

Ricin kills by interfering in cell metabolism, the basic chemical processes needed to sustain life. The creation of essential proteins is blocked, leading to cell death. Casualties can suffer vomiting, diarrhea and seizures for up to a week before dying of organ failure.

source

Dragon Archery

New apparel needs some new headcanons~

Overall archery was popularized for being a quiet weapon in comparison to other draconian weaponry and spells. This made for both easier hunting and stealth warfare. Also arrows, unlike magical bolts, are harder to see flying at you if the arrows are not enchanted or modified.

WIND archers are the most famous. Its rumored that a well trained wind flighted archer can take on a raiding party alone with a single shot. They can curve their arrows in the air with the help of their elemental abilities, and release arrows at unbelievably rapid rates. Wind bows are the fastest and are designed for speed over power.

WATER archers are more close combat orientated. Their arrows have curved points and tethers that latch onto, tangle, and pull down targets to the (normally) water below- where they are never seen again. Water bows pack the most punch out of all flights hold earth because they are designed to be effective under water as well.

EARTH archers are steady and patient- as well as great trackers. Targets that are not taken down after the first shot tend to spend a entire day in hiding or running from its attackers, only to be taken down the moment they leave cover or let their guard down. There are many stories of great Earth archers who spend days to weeks on stakeouts for their targets. Earth bows and arrows are the heaviest hitting and can split rock.

FIRE archers are best at taking advantage of their surroundings. They use specialized fire arrows and often light fire to their targets as well as the surrounding area. Be very careful when taking cover from fire archers, because they will make that cover a tomb in a few firey seconds. Fire archers are also known for creating a smoke screen effect - tricking armys into thinking there are twice as many archers then there actually is. Like their armor, fire bows are known for their fine metal craftsmanship, being both balanced and covered in complex designs.

LIGHTNING archers are trickshooters - known for their ‘sky’ shots - firing an arrow up, so it hits the target from directly above like a thunder bolt. This allows them to hit targets taking cover behind things with no roof and use gravity to aid in the punch their arrow gives. Lightning arrows also hold charges very well, allowing them to shock and sometimes paralyze targets. Their bows are the most consistent and carfully made/tested in order to pull off advanced shots.

ICE archers are resourceful and good ambushers. Their native landscape doesn’t give alot of materials for arrows so they are often made of pure ice magic or ice shards that are lying around. The empty tundra pushed them into the art of camouflage- a ice archer can be right infront of you and you wouldn’t notice. Their bows are often modified to resemble twigs or old bones so you don’t reconize it as a bow.

SHADOW archers are frighteningly accurate and make the best bounty hunters. The best can snag a moth to a tree with their arrows - without killing it. Shadow archers like to stay hidden and work best in the dark where they can remain unseen. Some archers have skilled magic users lace curses or similar magical tricks into the tips of their arrows. Bow and arrows are best for being quiet - and shadows are the quietest of them all.

LIGHT archers are snipers, they can hit targets over great distances. Most dedicate their lives to protecting sacred ruins and villages - effectively getting rid of any trespassers before they get close. The bows and arrows are made for distance- meaning that the farther away you are the harder it hits. Their shots are fast, some say you hear a lights arrow coming after it hits you.

NATURE arrows are almost always laced with some kind of plant toxin. It doesn’t matter if the thorny wood arrow doesn’t hurt you too bad - because the poison most definitely will in 5…4…3…2… . Archery is popular in nature because they can hit targets without disrupting the surrounding flora. Skilled nature magic users can make living arrows that grow roots in and around their target after they hit. Normally doctors suggest you don’t rip arrows outta wounds so you dont bleed out - nature, plague, and arcane arrows are an acception to this rule.

PLAGUE archers, like nature, rely on whats in the arrow to do the killing rather than the arrow themselves. The arrow heads are narrow, curved like cat teeth, and loaded with pathogens. This makes accuracy hard but the wounds from these arrows not only instantly infect but are extremely hard to clean out. Because of this their bows are best for speed rather than punch - since the arrows don’t need alot of power behind them to be effective.

ARCANE archers are masters at firing off more than one arrow at a time. Behind wind archers, they are the most famed. Their arrow heads are made of Pink Chalcedony - a glass like rock that is abundant in their region that makes non arcane dragons ill. These arrow heads shatter half the time they hit their target and leave shrapnel inside of them. Their bows are more on the powerful side, to support firing multiple arrows at once, but lack range accuracy as a result.

Castor oil plant (Ricinus communis) from Maria Sibylla’s Metamorphosis Insectorum Surinamensium

In 2007 edition of Guinness World Records the castor oil plant was named the most poisonous plant in the world. Just 4-8 seeds are enough to kill a grown person. The toxicity of this plant is due to the ricin it contains. Ricin is a chemical compound that inhibits ribosomes in the cells. As ribosomes are the molecules which produce proteins in the cells, once ricin interacts with ribosomes the protein production stops and it eventually kills the cell. 

Extracts of castor oil plant have been widely used both as medicine and as poison. Under the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention ricin is marked as a schedule 1 controlled substance. Over the course of history ricin has been considered for use as a biological weapon as a part of bombs and bullets. In medicine ricin has been used in experiments involving cancer tumor treatment and improvement of vaccine immunogenicity. 

anonymous asked:

Hey, can I ask a favour? I'm writing a book, and I wonder if you can tell me some plants that would act as good poisons? Both fatal and not. And something that could be used in torture. (I promise this is for a book!) Thanks.

Ah, going Tory-hunting, are we? Good good. “For a book”, got it.

Okay! So, yes, is the answer. I don’t know how broadly you want to go into the World Of Plants, in terms of global distribution? But since you’re asking me, I’m guessing you want some UKvian/north west European answers. I also don’t know how historical you need me to be, so I’ll stick to natives where I can.

Also, it should be noted that pretty much any plant can kill you if you eat enough of it? But I’m assuming you want something a bit more ‘contained in a mysterious phial’ or ‘chopped into a soup’ rather than ‘six tonnes of common daisy, eat up, Your Majesty’.

Fatal Shit

The foxglove (Digitalis purpurea). Very pretty plant that loves hedges and forests and occasionally comes in white:

You know that scene in Casino Royale where Bond is poisoned and has to shoot himself up in his car to not die? That was digitalis, i.e. the active compound in these things. It fucks up your heart and that. In fact, the medicinal compound that has been scientifically extracted from digitalis - digoxin - is used in modern medicine, but straight from the plant is toxic.

It’s possible to simply really fuck someone up with these, but very easy to outright kill them, and a fine line to walk. It wouldn’t be easy to intentionally give them just a low dose. 

***

Deadly Nightshade, (Atropa belladonna). I like this one! In extremely low doses it’s a herb, actually, so there’s even narrative Plausible Deniability for it being in a kitchen/people getting overdosed.

This is it:

This, on the other hand, is not:

That’s Woody Nightshade, or Solarum dulcamara, which is also poisonous but rarely fatally so, and seems to be plastered throughout the internet on primarily USian sites labelled as Deadly Nightshade. 

Anyway. The berries and leaves are the deadly bits, and cause delirium and hallucinations. And, you know, death. This one is easier to control for effect than digitalis, mind, so you can poison or kill here. It’s also been used as a cosmetic, because it can make the pupils dilate, which as we all know, is the sexiest part of the human body.

It’s antidote is physostigmine, found naturally in the Calabar bean from Nigeria, although it is itself pretty poisonous. Or I think pilocarpine works, which is found in a South American plant, but I don’t know which.

***

The Yew Tree, (Taxus baccata). A particularly great entrant to any list, frankly. Love me a yew.

LOOK HOW BEAUTIFUL anyway, yew trees were worshipped by Celtic peoples as representing a Cult of Immortality, because they live for literally thousands of years. They are also almost entirely poisonous. Like… leaves, bark, wood seeds, everything. The only thing that isn’t, ironically, is the flesh of the berries, and as long as you didn’t chew - and therefore break - the seeds, they’d probably pass right through you and be fine. But as few as three seeds would poison you.

Also, most plants lose their toxins after pruning. Not yew. Cut branches are just as dangerous.

The fun bit is the symptoms, because most times, there aren’t any. You just die a few hours after eating. Some indigestion, like. That’s it. If there are, we’re looking at shaking, coldness, and falling over a lot. 

***

Hellebore (Helleborus spp). Pretty plants that flower in winter, so people like them.

The roots are toxic, causing wicked D and V and also death if you eat too much. People used to give them to kids to try to de-worm them, and a lot of kids died that way.

Interestingly, though, the seeds in particular cause skin problems after contact - burning and itching, usually. Potentially a good Clue for who the poisoner is, if their hands are all itchy and that.

***

Ragwort (Senecio jacobaea). So, in the Real World there are precious few examples of people being poisoned by ragwort, though plenty of it happening to horses; but that’s because we’re generally pretty careful with the stuff, and also it’s not fatal to most.

The exception is people with liver problems.

Someone with any sort of liver condition could be killed by this stuff, because at high enough levels it will cause complete liver failure. But, you’d have to either make them eat about 14lbs of the plant in one go (unlikely), or you’d have to make them drink it as a herbal tea over a long period (more likely). The toxins don’t accumulate in the body, but the liver damage does. It was for a while considered to be a cough remedy, too, so it’s a good one for plausible deniability.

Symptoms include lethargy, staggering, walking around like a zombie, and sometimes blindness.

***

Hemlock Water-Dropwort (Oenanthe crocata). Yeah, this is hemlock, Famous Poison of Antiquity. They killed many a Greek philosopher with this stuff. 

Great for plausible deniabilty - the full plant is almost identical to the fully-edible cow parsley, the stems can look like celery when chopped, and the roots look like wild parsnips. But, the toxins are quite unstable. Cooking can break them down - if not completely, then at least to survivable levels. But you’d still be sick as a dog from it, and you would need hospitalisation. 

Vomiting and nausea are the main symptoms, but convulsions and seizures are also up there. And, of course, death. There’s also some suggestion that it’s more potent in winter, and less so from April onwards? It’s unproven as of yet, but it is an interesting pattern in toxicity levels.

***

Non-Fatal

Lords and Ladies/Cuckoopint (Arum maculatum). It has approximately 8003 common names, this one, but Lords and Ladies is poetic, and cuckoopint is an old word meaning a cuckoo’s dick, so those are the ones I’ve included.

Some people apparently mistake it for wild garlic, since they grow in the same places and times? i don’t see it myself, but I’m told it’s a common mistake.

It is poisonous, but you’d have a job eating enough to kill yourself - it induces vomiting fast, and a prickly burning in the mouth even faster, so you wouldn’t be able to ingest more. This is true of both the leaves and the berries. So a good one to make someone ill, and they’d be sore for days, but very unlikely to kill someone.

***

Greater Celandine (Chelidonium majus). No relation to lesser celandine. Botany is wild.

Anyway, the juice in the stem is bright yellow and can cause nausea if ingested, and burning on the skin; historically, it was used to remove warts. But it tastes disgusting, as so many of these do, so it would have to be masked somehow. 

***

Spindle (Euonymous europaeus). Beautiful tree, five stars out of three.

Those are the berries! SO PRETTY but eating the berries will fuck you up nicely - D and V, heart palpitations, hallucinations and symptoms akin to meningitis. Unlikely to be fatal to a healthy person, mind. 

Again, though, tastes like arse.

***

‘Orrible Tortury Things

Hogweed (Heracleum sphondylium). Nawr te. Here we get nasty.

This is hogweed. Tip to tip it can be about 6 feet of chlorophylled malice, but usually it’s around the four-to-five mark. The reason for it’s inclusion here lies in the sap, which contains, essentially, a compound that turns you into a fucking vampire.

How? you may be asking. Well - through a condition called phytophotodermatitis, which is where the sap basically strips out your skin’s ability to slather on the melanin and so the moment UV light hits the spot it burns. And I mean burns. Literal burns. Want to see a gross picture?

Yeah. And it’s not a one-off burn - you have to keep the skin out of the sun for a year or so before it stops reacting, even after the burn is healed. I work with people who have had hogweed burns (in my line of work it’s a professional hazard), and even mild ones will still suddenly show up again in the shower six months later.

It’s not as bad as one of our new Invasive Species, though - Giant Hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum). That one burns. Google ‘giant hogweed burns’ for the grossest google session of your life. That causes literal third degree burns, and it’s a good six years before you’re back to normal. That’s only been about in UKvia for about 200 years, though.

In conclusion, you don’t fuck about with hogweed.

***

Stinging nettles (Urtica dioica). What list of Nast Plants would be complete without the humble stingy, eh?

We’ve all done our time with this bastard. Very common, touching the edges of the leaves produces a strong sting, a bit like mild bees. It’s entirely bearable, like, and actually, there are some people who whip their arthritic joints with nettles and report that it makes the swelling go down. But it’s not enjoyable, and being whipped with these would fucking hurt. Plus, it takes a while for the rash to fuck off.

It’s also highly nutritious and edible, though, and you can spin it into cloth. Non-stingy cloth, I might add. Go figure.

***

Blackthorn (Prunus spinosa). A wonderful tree that gives us sloes which give us delicious sloe gin.

But it also has thorns. Now - professional tree knowledge coming in here - in fact, in the moment it hurts more to be bitten by a hawthorn. But, hawthorns will merely bite, and are non-venomous.

Blackthorns are venomous. As long as you clean the cuts and, crucially, don’t leave thorns in you, you’re fine. But if you leave a thorn in you, it will give you septicemia, which can be extremely nasty. Potentially fatal, actually, so possibly this could go further up the page? Dunno how you’d manage that, though.

***

Anyway, that’s all I can think of offhand. I hope this is useful knowledge for your “book”.

(NASA)  The NASA Guide to Air-filtering Houseplants

It won’t surprise you to hear that the majority of people spend the bulk of their time indoors, whether it’s at home or working in an office environment. As such, it’s important to ensure that air quality is of a high standard, something that regular houseplants can help achieve. Back in 1989, NASA conducted a Clean Air Study in association with Associated Landscape Contractors of America, in an effort to find the most effective common indoor plants for filtering harmful toxins and pollutants from the air. Their results have stood the test of time, and the most effective air filtering plants can be found within this visualisation.

Source

hollywoodreporter.com
David Ayer, Margot Robbie Reteam for All-Female DC Villains Movie 'Gotham City Sirens'

David Ayer is back in the business of DC comics villains.

The filmmaker, who directed Warner Bros.’ all-bad guy comic book movie Suicide Squad, is reuniting with that film’s star, Margot Robbie, for Gotham City Sirens, a feature project that will showcase the top female villains from the DC stable, The Hollywood Reporter has learned.

Ayer will direct and produce the project with Robbie reprising her role as Harley Quinn, the part-time girlfriend of the Joker who is currently DC’s most popular female character. Robbie is also executive producing.

Sirens was a recent comic series from DC that focused on the popular villainesses from Batman’s rogue gallery. Among them were Quinn, Catwoman, Batman’s sometime love interest, and Poison Ivy, who uses plants and their toxins to get what she wants.

Geneva Robertson-Dworet, a top female writer in the action sphere who has also penned scripts for the Tomb Raider remake and Warners’ own Sherlock Holmes 3, is writing the screenplay.

The heads of DC’s film arm, Geoff Johns and Jon Berg, will also be involved in a producorial role.

Magickal Properties of Grass Type

Originally posted by cursola

Plants, life, energy, growth, the natural world, food, sustenance, natural cycles, daytime, restoration, health, functions of the body, weather effects, putting down one’s roots, far reach, natural beauty.

Grass type is of course all about plants, nature, and the Earth. Green witchcraft, kitchen witchcraft, people who use herbs, flowers, roots… I have a feeling Grass type Pokémon will be important to your practice.

Even though Grass type houses a variety of mostly plantlike creatures, I still think that it is a type very heavily rooted in the body. In a different way than, say, Fighting type would be. Grass is about the way our bodies interact with the world. Grass types have a tremendous potential for growth and a very heavy impact on the health of other Pokémon and people. Many of their moves directly impact the nervous system/the respiratory system to do damage. Sleep Powder, Stun Spore, the ability Effect Spore. This can induce paralysis, sleep, and poisoning. Just like real plants, Grass Pokémon’s toxins can effect the body. Never forget that Grass types are commonly paired with Poison type. Not all herbs, roots, and flowers are safe to use; not all Grass types are free of poisons! But many grass types can benefit your health rather than harm it. Aromatherapy can heal status effects of the Grass type’s party. In the Pokémon world people eat food produced from Pokémon like Tropius, Cherubi, and Grotle.

Since I just did Fairy type, let me make some points about Grass type by juxtaposing the similarities and differences. I claim both are associated with life, and there is a lot of overlap in how they manifest. As similar as it is, the subtle distinction I’d like to make is that Fairy’s life domain is more about a spiritual concept associated with the soul, whereas Grass is more about the very physical aspect of life. Our cells, our breath, our body. I also say both are about beauty. I think it can be said that Fairy beauty is more of a “glamour” beauty, the type of thing you’d use for glamour spells, whereas the beauty emphasized in Grass types is more of the beauty that grows naturally right out of the ground. The Earth’s beauty. I don’t think this is 100% true across the board, as many Fairy types have a natural beauty, even derived from having flower motifs in their design! I just want to point out that while life and beauty are both aspects of these types, if you wanted to focus in on the subtleties then this is one way to break it down.

I also made a point back on my Normal type post that Normal types have a lot of healing moves, with Grass type being the other type well known for healing moves. The difference here is that Normal types often are self generating healers, whereas Grass types drain energy from others. Absorb, Giga Drain, Mega Drain, Leech Seed… Grass types can take energy at the expense of others! There’s hexing potential there…

Weather effects Grass types more than any other type. They are strongly associated with sunlight and daytime. Many can cause rain, and rain weakens fire type moves. Solar Beam Synthesis, and Growth are all boosted by the strong sunlight condition. Rain and Sun are good for plants. Working with Grass involves Rain and Sun and getting outside!

Grass type is about being rooted into the environment you’re in, being in balance with it, being a part of the natural community associated with the place where you are. Grass types often gain bonuses from rooting themselves into a single spot, like through Ingrain. The user restores HP, but can’t switch out. Many grass types are well suited for a very particular environment and tend to stick there.

So if Grass is about committing and living in balance to a specific place, then why “far reach” as well? Just because you’re sticking somewhere and putting down your roots doesn’t mean that you’re not maximizing your use of space. Plants spread their roots out far underground to soak up as much nutrients as possible. Grass type Pokémon in the anime are known for being some of the most dexterous Pokémon there are, as many of them have Vine Whip, which they often use as a far reaching hand. Grass types manage their spaces well, and can navigate these spaces with skill due to their familiarity and those handy vines of theirs.

Seriously, those vines were way more useful than they had any right to be in the anime. Those things could go really far. Don’t know how they did it. Where do the vines come from? Where do they go? We may never know…

Thanks for your support with this series! It means so much to me! More of these are on the way!

anonymous asked:

I was reading this thing on how man-eating plants could theoretically exist. They can't possess muscles, nervous system, and organs to achieve motion like we see in fiction. But it could be possible for a plant to use paralyzing toxin to kill it's prey so it rots and enrichens the soil. Maybe there are cryptid plants in that case? Idk. Sounds badass though.

I reblogged a thing for you last night because I couldn’t answer how I wanted. But yes! There is a thing called Cryptobotany. There is legend of a man eating plant called the Ya-Te-Veo or “I See You”. It lives off of large insects but has been known to try to eat humans too. It is said to be found in Central America and Africa.

anonymous asked:

Hi, I just moved from NJ to the Sonoran desert. My craft has always been rooted in my surrounding environment. Any tips for transferring from green witchcraft to desert witchcraft?

Desert witchcraft is rooted in green witchcraft just in a very specific environment. Take those skills you learned from being a green witch and transfer them to learning about the new plants and climate around you. Go out and meet the new plants. Make notes on how they compare and contrast with what you knew in NJ. If you don’t have much of a yard, try to bring some of the plantlife indoors with you. A lot of succulents grow well indoors, especially aloe vera. Pay attention to when things bloom and how the weather is at that time. Here where I am, things bloom mostly in the spring but some plants bloom in the fall. Pay attention to the adaptations each plant has to desert life. For instance, some plants produce a toxin so most other plants can’t grow near them so they have less direct competition for water.  

I live int he Mojave so the plant life and the weather is different enough I can’t really give you any direct pointers to look at in your environment but I hope this helps.

Not the logical response

A thought occurred to me at lunch today. You know how Tumblr loves to point out how aliens would be utterly baffled and/or horrified by human behavior?

Well, consider our love of hot peppers.

This plant evolved a chemical toxin that irritates skin, burns our eyes, tastes like pain, and can cause susceptible people to have difficulty breathing.

We decided this was awesome, and deliberately bred them to not only be more potent, but so that we could use them as a food additive.

Today And Tamaran

isley-phd asked: “Come any closer and you’ll regret it.”

Hostile/Enemies sentence starters

[[ Thanks for sending one! Also hi! :) ]]

@starfirechan :

Starfire definitely preferred fights with enemies she knew about. In this case, she had no real idea what would await her, but nonetheless she wouldn’t avoid it if it was necessary.

So, the tamaranean continued to move closer, now with a starbolt prepared in one hand. “Apologies, but I cannot heed that warning. It is my duty to stop anyone with un-legal intentions.”

“Aren’t you a little outside your jurisdiction?” the green-skinned woman flung at her as she looked up from the multiple phials of plant toxins she had “borrowed” from the research facility. The woman could fly. That was definitely a thing that put her at a distinct disadvantage.

“I’m not a marauding space alien or a power-hungry robot gone wrong. Stay in your lane, alien.”

~New Verse Starter Call~

Hey guys. I’ve got some new verses out and I’d love to start playing around in them. If you’ve got a muse in the Walking Dead fandom/a Walking Dead verse feel free to LIKE this starter call. Here’s a few specifics on Ivy’s role in this verse:

Apocalypse!Verse -The Walking Dead specific. When the Dead started to hunt the living, Ivy assumed it was only a matter of time before his luck ran out. Being a botanist didn’t exactly equip him with the knowledge on how to shoot a Walker in the head. It wasn’t long before one got close enough to give him a quick nibble. While he managed to get away, the damage had been done. He’d been bitten. So, he waited for the inevitable. And waited. Three days, no change. Yes, he’d built up a natural immunity to plant toxins and poisons after several years of testing. But to think this could include the bite of a Walker? Well, perhaps there was hope of surviving this hell yet. Good For: The Walking Dead or other Apocalypse-setting muses. Multi-Ship approved.

I kinda disagree with the people who claim that Poison Ivy is solely responsible for Harley leaving Joker, and I say this as a Harley/Ivy fan. Yes, Ivy was a tremendous source of help for Harley (she provided emotional support and empowerment, always called out Joker’s abusive behavior and repeatedly told Harley that she deserved better, nursed Harley’s wounds in the Batman: Harley Quinn graphic novel and gave her enhanced strength, agility, and immunity to Ivy’s plant toxins) and that’s not even taking into account the intricacies of their relationship and romantic history. Pammy was a massive positive influence in this respect, and I’m not disputing that whatsoever–after all, in Batman: The Animated Series it was Ivy who initially led Harley to realize that she was being mistreated (”I am not a doormat! …am I?”).

BUT

It’s really, really hard to leave an abusive relationship even if you have a support system in place, and I feel like giving Ivy ALL of the credit for Harley leaving Joker does a disservice to Harley herself and somewhat invalidates the amount of work she put into her recovery process. It was Harley who chose to put an end to the cycle of returning to Joker over and over again, it was Harley who attended therapy sessions and made sincere attempts at rehabilitation (as seen in the Harley’s Holiday episode), it was Harley who wrestled with the feelings she still held for Joker even after recognizing his abusive behavior, and it was Harley who took back control of her life after giving up everything she had to be with Joker. And while she had help from multiple people (Ivy, Batman/Bruce Wayne, the staff at Arkham Asylum), it was ultimately up to Harley and Harley alone to achieve those monumental goals–and she did! 

Ivy played a huge role in Harley moving away from Joker, and this post isn’t meant to diminish that or their relationship in any way (again, I’m a fan!). But I think we can talk about how Ivy was there for Harley while still acknowledging everything that Harley accomplished on her own as well. 

from-severalrooms-away  asked:

We're not happy. We fell in love and everything was amazing, but now that initial magic is fading, and we're just "in love." Everyone's always told me that was harder, and I don't know how to do it. We both want forever and we want to be happy, but we fight over everything. All small, unimportant things. He's developed chronic pain over this past year and that makes everything worse. We're tired of running and we're lost, but we don't want to give up. Is there hope for us? What can we do?

i have some friends that went through something similar (their boyfriends suffered from depression/anxiety/mental shit). unfortunately, their relationships didn’t have a happy ending… so i won’t be sharing their stories with you (since you guys really want to make it work). instead, i’ll share some techniques/strategies that i believe will help you. are you ready for them? yes. ok, onward… t1# anytime you guys fight/argue, i want one (or both) of you to say “chocolate bananas! frozen chicken butts!” the first thing that will happen is the both of you will start laughing. this is important b/c it will interrupt the pattern immediately & stop the record from playing. you see, most couples that fight a lot eventually make it a habit; they actually get addicted to the adrenaline rush they get from fighting/arguing. i’ve seen this a million times - especially at bars. so you need to defuse the situation before it blows up. and the best way to do that is to have some random funny words stashed in your batman utility belt. remember, it must be funny - that way you both get a dopamine release when you stop & that reinforces that behavior (makes change easier). the next thing you want to do is ask each other this question: “why are we fighting/arguing?” you cannot respond with “i don’t know.” you must figure out what sparked it & address it immediately. ask each other this “what can we do to prevent/resolve this?” i would always have a pen handy to take notes. again, the dopamine release is very important b/c who wants to fix something when they’re angry? you got it? good! t2# fuck forever! do you remember when your english teacher would give you 3 weeks to write a paper? and do you remember how you waited until the last minute to actually write the paper? well the same thing happens with couples who adopt the “forever” mindset. there’s no sense of urgency to change and they kinda get lazy after a while and shit gets stale, fast. there’s no life, no fire, no passion. fuck you forever! instead, i want you to replace it with this: “today is our last day together.” i will tell you this… if your partner knew it was gonna be your last day together then he would do everything in his power to make it the most beautiful day ever. so when you wake up, you guys look at each other in bed & say “babe, today’s our last day. let’s go conquer the world together. you and i.” i guarantee you that no couple would fight on their last day together. and if they did… that shit was never meant to be. period. so take it one day at a time. make each day the best day ever. i promise you that after stringing together a bunch of awesome/amazing/supercalifragilisticexpialidocious (lol) days… then that shit gets easier and it becomes a habit and every day becomes an adventure for the both of you. i believe with every cell in my body that every relationship (and i mean every) should be fun. it doesn’t matter how old you are. i have a good friend in her 60’s who treats everyday like it’s her last & she’s having a blast. we saw a cover band (boomers) the other day & i got her drunk off cock sucker shots (baileys/butterscotch schnapps) & we danced our asses off to 70’s/80’s music. that’s how life should be. are you still with me? great - next! t3# you both need to get healthy. seriously. get fucking healthy. i believe diet is the most important thing for mental health (second being magic mushr00ms - but we can’t go there, not yet). he has chronic pain, that tells me one thing - that whatever he’s putting in his body or is being exposed to is causing inflammation in his body. now before i continue… you need to understand i’m not a doctor so my advice shouldn’t substituted for medical advice? if you agree, then continue reading… the first thing he needs to do is order a food allergy test kit or he can go to his doctor & have them draw his blood & send it in to get tested. i used to be a raw vegan many years ago. i did it for 3+ years to detox all the junk i used to eat as a kid. when i first started i used to eat a ton of raw almonds. but i’d get brain fog & headaches after eating them. i thought something was wrong with me so i went to my doctor & he ran some blood tests on me. we found out that i was highly allergic to milk, almonds, cheese, wheat & other tree nuts. that blood test saved my life. b/c after i stopped the almonds… my mind/body/soul were happy. i would research the lectin avoidance diet. that could definitely help him b/c lectins are plant toxins (highly concentrated in wheat/soy/brown rice/beans) that cause leaky gut. and a leaky gut is the #1 reason why many suffer from depression, anxiety, anger and chronic pain/fatigue. again, get the blood tests and start cutting out foods rich in lectins and definitely cut out sugar. you both should walk for 20 minutes in the morning. gets some fresh air & enjoy each others company without distractions. i believe long walks will help to strengthen your bond. get healthy. get healthy. get healthy. and if after all this……… you guys are still butting heads. then i’d seek counseling or just cut your losses and move on. you’re probably young. if that’s the case then your primary focus should be on your career and having fun. you’re not gonna be young forever so you should enjoy those years of your life. also, there’s gonna be a lot of competition in the future (and less jobs). you wanna make sure you have the skill sets to land & keep a job. there’s nothing worse then being in a miserable relationship and being broke at the same time. hope that helps. ~rob p.s. look into mold & smart meters. those things could be fucking him up big time. if that’s the case, then he should move.