place 15

The Champ de Mars Massacre (Marcel Dorigny)

Following the announcement of the king’s flight in the night from 20 to 21 June 1791, a republican movement developed in Paris: on 21 June, the Cordeliers Club launched an open call for « tyrannicide », and on 22 June, a petition written by François Robert demanded the republic ; in the following days  the calls in this sense multiplied. On 1 July, Condorcet and Thomas Paine launched the journal Le Républicain, whose avowed aim was the change of the political system. With this journal, the republican movement overflowed the popular clubs of Paris and was taken into account by the leading elements of the bourgeoisie ; Roland supported Condorcet’s republican campaign, and the Cercle social was its favoured place of expression. On 15 July, all fraternal societies of Paris assembled in the Cercle social in order to elaborate a republican programme.

Facing this republican mobilisation, the Assembly remained resolutely monarchist ; the Jacobin Club also leaned towards strict legality: Brissot, who had encouraged the republic, revised his call and affirmed that a king was compatible with liberty ; Robespierre also refused to join the calls of the Cordeliers ; as to Sieyès, he resolutely spoke out in favour of upholding the monarchy (6 July). In order to cut short the surging of petitions demanding the indictment of the king, the Assembly decreed, on 15 July, that Louis XVI had been the victim of an abduction and was innocent ; this decree had been inspired by Barnave and Charles Lameth. In order to obtain this vote, false petitions, which were overtly hostile towards the Assembly, had been put into circulation on the same morning. Henceforth, demanding the indictment of the king and his replacement at the head of the State was an illegal act.

When this decree was passed, the petition written in the Cercle social demanded the convocation of primary assemblies in order to decide on the king’s fate ; the National Assembly refused to receive the delegates from the fraternal societies. This refusal provoked movements in Paris during the whole night. In the morning of the next day, 16 July, the Jacobin Club, indignant over the vote of the Assembly, in turn wrote a petition on the initiative of Choderlos de Laclos ; the signatories were Lanthenas, Sergent, Ducancel, Danton and Brissot, who was the author of the text. It demanded the abdication of Louis XVI and his replacement by « all constitutional means ». This formula, which has probably been added by Laclos unbeknownst to Brissot, precluded the Republic and seemed to open the doors of power to the Duke of Orléans. Formulated in this way, the text was the object of very lively controversies: signatories added to their name that they would not acknowledge any other king. La Bouche de Fer printed the text of the petition with this mention and suppressed any reference to a constitutional solution. This petition of Jacobin origin was withdrawn on the very evening of 16 July, when the decree became known which re-established Louis XVI in the plenitude of his rights. This withdrawal was the consequence of the division in the Jacobins provoked by the departure of several hundred members, who would come to found the Club des Feuillants.

The democrats refused this Jacobin recoil and gathered on 17 July on the Champ de Mars. A third petition was written immediately ; being of Cordelier origin, its main author was probably François Robert ; it asked the Assembly to revise its decrees of 15 and 16 July. No direct reference to the republic appeared through, but the republican spirit of the petition was clear. Placed on the Autel de la Patrie, it was signed by over 6,000 Parisians, having come in a procession on this Sunday of July. Having been declared contrary to the Constitution and to the law, this petition was the pretext to the brutal repression against all democrats. The municipality of Paris, on order of Bailly, proclaimed martial law and let the National Guard, commanded by La Fayette, march against the crowd. After having hoisted the red flag, La Fayette ordered the troops to open fire ; panic seized the crowd, which partly consisted of women and children ; the cavalry pursued the fleeing civilians into the neighbouring streets. In total, over 50 people were killed and hundreds injured.

The consequences of this tragedy were enormous: it was an irreversible rupture within the Third Estate. The republicans were persecuted and arrested, their newspapers were forbidden: La Bouche de Fer, Le Républicain, Le Journal du Club des Cordeliers. Finally, this bloody day paved the way to the revision of the Constitution. The cens électoral was reinforced considerably: in order to be able to vote, one had to prove the property of a good valued at more than 200 workdays in the city and 150 days on the countryside. The powers of the king were increased ; the constituent bourgeoisie feared democracy more than the republic itself, and it took legislative precautions in order to cut off any new attempt of this kind: every possibility to revise the Constitution was made illegal before 1801. A veritable break in the history of the Revolution occurred on 17 July.

Keep reading

Top 30 Larry fics in 2016 by kudos on Ao3

Criteria; started and ended in 2016

1. Soft Hands, Fast Feet, Can’t Lose by dolce_piccante for docilelou
2. This Wicked Game by cherrystreet
3. Whirlwind by dolce_piccante
4. Faking It by TheCellarDoor
5. All the Right Moves by cherrystreet
6. One day to believe in you by mediaville for eleadore
7. Something Great by infinitelymint for anchoredlou 
8. Oh Glory by alivingfire
9. If You Asked Me If I Love Him (I’d Lie) by allyasavedtheday
10. (don’t forget) where you belong by rippedgloves
11. Tug-of-War by cherrystreet
12. To the Ends of the Earth by stylinsoncity
13. Paint The Sky With Stars by kiwikero
14. Just Like The Wolf Before He Bites by whoknows
15. I Love You Most by stylinsoncity
16. Pinkies Never Lie by emma1234 
17. wings to break your fall by karamelised 
18. Second Time’s the Charm by cherrystreet 
19. Naked & Proud by kiwikero for someonethatsfunny 
20. come on jump out at me by yoursongonmyheart
21. MARRIED FOR A WEEK?! by gravitycentered
22. Dust on the Road. by Velvetoscar for sinisterist
23. If I Should Stay by gloria_andrews for chelseafrew
24. Bloodline by banana_louis *
25. Autumn At My Window by TheCellarDoor
26. Never Be by cherrystreet
27. Anonymous Said by alivingfire for Emergencyy
28. Make A Run, Cause Some Rebellion by whoknows
29. Luscious blood by Deidei
30. You Watched Me Sink by bananasandboots

*first chapter posted in dec. ‘15.

50 Questions for your oc

(i got bored and made some questions to ask for ocs. Not much but something to get gears going. Ask away please).


  • 1)      Age?
  • 2)      Gender?
  • 3)      Romantic/Sexual Orientation?
  • 4)      Height?
  • 5)      Race?
  • 6)      What do they look like? (i.e, hair color, eye color, etc).
  • 7)      Any disabilities?
  • 8)      Is there a meaning to their name?
  • 9)      What makes them, them? 
  • 10)   What do they want to be when they grow up/what do they want to do with their lives?


  • 11)   Do they have parents? What are they like and how do they act with their child(ren)?
  • 12)   Do they have siblings? How do they interact with them? If not, do they wish they had siblings?
  • 13)   Extended family? Do they see them often?
  • 14)   Do they like where they live? (Is it a safe place?)
  • 15)   Where do they live? Are they wealthy? Poor? Middle-Class?
  • 16)   Do they have a lot of expectations/pressure on them from family to do great?
  • 17)   Do they have pets?
  • 18)   Who do they look up to the most/are the closest to in their family?
  • 19)   This there anything special about their family?
  • 20)   Do they wish they lived in a different family/household?


  • 21)   Best Friend(s)?
  • 22)   Who was their first friend?
  • 23)   What is their friend group like?
  • 24)   Do they have a love/hate relationship with any of them?
  • 25)   Do they consider any of their friends to be like siblings?
  • 26)   Have they ever hurt a friend or lost one?
  • 27)   Do they have a crush on any of their friends?
  • 28)   Do they share classes with good friends?
  • 29)   Whom do they go to the most when they need a shoulder to cry on?
  • 30)   What would this person do without their friends in their lives?


  • 31)   What grade are they in? If they aren’t in school, how come?
  • 32)   Do/Did they like their teachers? Was there a good one? Bad one?
  • 33)   Do/Did they listen to their teachers or are/where they goofing off a lot?
  • 34)   Are/Where they a good student grade wise?
  • 35)   Do/Did they need extra help?
  • 36)   What is/was their school like?
  • 37)   Do/Did they have bullies in school?
  • 38)   Have they ever gotten into a fight at school?
  • 39)   Have they ever done something stupid/embarrassing at school?
  • 40)   How far do they plan to go with school? If they dropped out, do they want to go back?


  • 41)   Are they dating anyone? Do they want to date? Are the married? Divorced? 
  • 42)   What is their favorite hobby? Do they keep it a secret?
  • 43)   If they could have one thing in life, what would it be?
  • 44)   Do they work? If so, what is it? If not, are they looking for one or even want one?
  • 45)   Do they use social media?
  • 46)   Have they ever been in the hospital?
  • 47)   Do they believe in the supernatural, that there is more than the eye can see?
  • 48)   What do they do when they get angry, stressed, or upset?
  • 49)   Would they consider themselves as a good person, bad person, or morally grey?
  • 50)   Does this OC have any part of you in them? (I.e, personality traits, similar background, etc)
Otp Questions

1. Who takes the trash out?
2. Who reminds the other to take care of themselves?
3. Who is happier when they are out in nature?
4. Do they like to go in the hot tub together?
5. Do either of them avidly follow a celebrity and/or fandom?
6. Who builds a pillow fort?
7. Who plans the romantic date?
8. Who likes to play with the other’s hair?
9. Who calms the other down when the other has a nightmare?
10. Who wants their dog to sleep on the bed with them?
11. Who can’t sleep without the other?
12. Who is too nice and will listen to a sales person pitch?
13. Who makes the first move to cuddle?
14. What is their go to fast food place?
15. Who likes to wear the other’s sweaters?

She liked messy beds and movie nights without any lights on. She liked the quiet company of a few good friends. Her idea of love was gentle and silent, like a whisper of a touch. Some things are magical and magic, contrary to popular opinion, is often found in the most ordinary of places.
—  12/18/15.
Everyday Bread

This is a perfect example of an easy bread that can be made every day. I mean, sure, it would be just as easy (if not easier) to use a sourdough starter, or to bake a large batch for several days in a row*, but if you are a fan of fresh, chewy, crusty bread every dang day than this is the one you want to use. This is the recipe I use whenever I need (or want) fresh bread for dinner. It’s easy. Seriously, it can be done in less than an hour. Plus it’s one of the best breads I’ve ever made, so there’s that too :)

*When one is involved in all the menial tasks to survival that we take for granted, sometimes we forget just what goes into ‘survival’. Peoples of Middle Earth would naturally have to work very hard, since not everyone can go on adventures and have everything taken care of for them. I like this little saying, even if it’s just household chores (leaving out planting, weeding, butchering, harvesting, thrashing, preserving, spinning, weaving, knitting, chopping firewood, etc.) I suppose I’m guilty of romanticizing the ‘olden lifestyle’; it sure sounds fun but if it came down to it I’ll stay in the 21st century, thank you very much.
“Wash on Monday
Iron on Tuesday
Mend on Wednesday
Churn on Thursday
Clean on Friday
Bake on Saturday
Rest on Sunday.”

Everyday Bread (printable)
makes two loaves

2 ½ cups (595 mL) warm water
2 tablespoons yeast
2 tablespoons sugar
1 tablespoon salt
5 ½ cups (660 g) flour
1 tablespoon olive oil


In a large bowl, mix warm water and yeast until yeast has dissolved.  Next add sugar, salt and flour. Knead ingredients together till it’s a soft uniform dough.

Now place a thin towel over the bowl with the dough in it and let it rise in a warm place for 15-30 minutes.

Preheat oven to 450° (232° C). Separate dough into two, and begin shaping dough into long loaves, and place on a baking sheet.

Make slits with a knife and brush with olive oil. If you are garnishing with herbs or cheese, do so now.

Cover the dough with the towel once more and let rise 5 minutes or so (the longer the better).

Remove towel, and bake for 12-15 minutes or until tops are brown and crusty.

Recipes adapted from Urban Strawberries

why did i spend time on this  a word cloud of every key word the twelfth doctor has said - from ‘the time of the doctor’ to ‘the return of doctor mysterio’ (including class because how could i not). long story short, his catchphrase is clara (the larger the word the more it was said)

long story in its entirety:

Keep reading


In honor of  everyone’s new favorite Star Wars character, we have decided to run the first Cassian Andor Appreciation Week! It will take place from May 15 - May 21, 2017. Everyone is welcome to participate and any kind of original content (edits/gifs/etc.) will be accepted. Please do not use reposts or offensive content.

Here are the prompts for each day and the schedule for the week:

May 15 : Favorite Scene(s)
May 16: Favorite quote(s)
May 17: Favorite Relationship(s) (platonic, romantic, etc.)
May 18: Cassian + Leadership
May 19: Cassian + the Rebellion 
May 20: Cassian Andor aesthetics and/or moodboard
May 21: Free Day! (Anything you want about Cassian!) 

We will track the tag #cassianweek. Remember to use the tag within the first five tags, so we can see your creations and reblog them.

Please follow our blog and reblog this post so we can spread the word and celebrate our favorite Captain!

Zootopia’s ‘The Big Donut’

Yields one 9 inch donut

The things you’ll need

  • ¾ cup warm milk
  • 1 packet active dry yeast
  • 3 tablespoons sugar
  • ¼ teaspoon almond extract
  • 2 ½ cups all-purpose flour
  • ¼ teaspoon kosher salt
  • 2 tablespoons unsalted butter at room temperature
  • 2 egg yolks
  • Pink royal icing in a decorating bag fitted with a #3 tip
  • Vegan sprinkles
  • Bench flour
  • 2 cups chopped chocolate
  • 1 cup heavy cream
  • 1 tablespoon corn syrup
  • Large bowl
  • 9 inch cake ring
  • Cookie sheet lined with parchment paper
  • Paper towel
  • Large measuring cup
  • Rubber spatula
  • Whisk
  • Pastry brush
  • Drying rack
  • Large frying pot
  • Candy thermometer
  • Pan spray

Let’s get started!

  1. In a small bowl, combine warm milk, yeast and sugar. Allow to sit for 10 minutes to activate.
  2. Pour the mixture into a large bowl and then mix in egg yolks, butter and almond extract.
  3. Mix in half of flour and then salt. Add the other half of the flour and then knead for a few minutes.
  4. Place dough into a greased bowl and allow it to sit until it has doubled in size.
  5. Place rested dough onto a floured surface and form it into a large circle.
  6. Use a large cake ring to cut the dough into a circle. Use a smaller cookie cutter to hollow out the center and then cover with a towel to proof.
  7. Heat oil to 350ºF and preheat oven to 350ºF.
  8. When the donut has set for about 10 to 15 minutes, place it into the hot oil.
  9. Fry for 1 to 2 minutes and then flip once the edges are golden brown. Fry for another minute or two.
  10. Remove from oil and place onto a paper towel-lined cookie sheet to drain.
  11. Move donut to a clean cookie sheet and bake for 5 minutes.
  12. Remove the donut from the oven and cool completely before decorating.
  1. Chop chocolate into small pieces and place into a medium bowl.
  2. Heat cream in a small pot and bring to a scald.
  3. Pour hot cream over chopped chocolate and then add corn syrup.
  4. Allow the mixture to set for 3 minutes and then stir to melt the chocolate until smooth and shiny.
  5. Place donut onto a cookie sheet with a drying rack and pour the ganache over it immediately. Refrigerate before decorating.

Time to decorate!

  1. Carefully place rainbow jimmies onto the donut and then use pink royal icing to pipe “The Big Donut” on top.
  2. TaDa! This larger than life donut will roll right through Zootopia and into your mouth!

sitting n stuff

Some fun stuff with obstetrics.

Okay so I crunched some numbers re: that panel with Touka’s due date and Yoriko’s notice, and here’s some fun stuff I figured out:

(Credits to @juuuzo and their post for the pic above and for illuminating some things for me!)

x Firstly, I don’t think it takes a genius to glean from this panel that the Touken baby is due 12/28 (which apparently is Ishida’s birthday… making the Ishida the One Eyed Prince?? dundundunnnnn)

x For the Obstetrics nerds: It’s hard to see based on just this panel if Touka really did use Naegele’s rule to figure it out, but if the due date really is 12/28, a couple of the numbers highlighted above (and a few that I squinted at) correspond to the formula. But it’s really hard to tell because Touka’s writing is shit lmao.

x But using some reverse engineering (not really, I just like that term; I used the Qx calculate app), if the due date is 12/28, Touka’s last menstrual period was 3/23.

x This is Yoriko’s execution notice:

x The penalty was placed 4/15, and Kaneki received the notice approximately 4/17, which would be the current date of the story right now. (How did I figure that out? See this post.)

x By simple math, we can estimate Kaneki Jr’s current gestational age as 3 weeks and 4 days. Taking things further, the end of the first trimester will be on 6/15.

x I have the urge to discuss the stage of embryonic development Kaneki Jr is currently in, but 1) ghoul biology might be different, and 2) really? do we really want to get into that? lmao.

x Interestingly, I looked back in the calendars, and comparing Touka’s calendar, the story seems to be taking place in 2016.


In honor of everyone’s favorite new Star Wars character, we have decided to run the first Cassian Andor Appreciation Week! It will take place from May 15 - May 21, 2017. Everyone is welcome to participate and any kind of original content (edits/gifs/etc.) will be accepted. Please do not use reposts or offensive content.

Here are the prompts for each day and the schedule for the week:

May 15 : Favorite Scene(s)
May 16: Favorite quote(s)
May 17: Favorite Relationship(s) (platonic, romantic, etc.)
May 18: Cassian + Leadership
May 19: Cassian + the Rebellion
May 20: Cassian Andor aesthetics and/or moodboard
May 21: Free Day! (Anything you want about Cassian!)

We will track the tag #cassianweek. Remember to use the tag within the first five tags, so we can see your creations and reblog them.

Please follow our blog and reblog this post so we can spread the word and celebrate our favorite rebel Captain!

Emoji Donuts

Yields 5-6 donuts

The things you’ll need

  • ¾ cup warm milk
  • 1 packet active dry yeast
  • 3 tablespoons sugar
  • ¼ teaspoon almond extract
  • 2 ½ cups all purpose flour
  • ¼ teaspoon kosher salt
  • 2 tablespoons unsalted butter, at room temperature
  • 2 egg yolks
  • ½ vanilla bean
  • 1 box vanilla pudding mix
  • 2 cups cold milk
  • Powdered sugar
  • Lemon juice
  • Yellow food coloring
  • Large mixing bowl
  • Medium mixing bowl
  • Hand mixer
  • Rubber spatula
  • Whisk
  • Dry pastry brush
  • Rolling pin
  • Cookie cutter ring
  • Candy thermometer
  • Spider
  • Baking sheet lined with paper towels
  • Skewers
  • Decorating bag fitted with a #2A tip
  • Black and red royal icing in decorating bags fitted with #2 tips
  • Small paintbrush
  • Pink luster dust
  • Frying oil

Let’s get started!

  1. In a small bowl, mix warm milk, yeast and sugar and allow to sit for 10 minutes to activate.
  2. In a large bowl, combine yeast mixture, egg yolks, butter and almond extract. Mix until well combined.
  3. Slowly mix in flour, and then add the salt half way through adding the flour.
  4. Once all the flour is mixed in, knead for a few minutes.
  5. Place dough into a greased bowl and allow to sit until it has doubled in size.
  6. Place rested dough into a floured surface and carefully form it into a flat disc.
  7. Use a ring cookie cutter to cut out 5 or 6 donuts. Cover the donuts with a towel adn let them rest about 10 minutes.
  8. Heat oil to 350ºF, keeping track of the temperature with a candy thermometer.
  9. When the donuts have sest for about 10 to 15 minutes, place them in the hot oil.
  10. Fry a few minutes on each side and then use a spider to place each donut onto a baking sheet lined with paper towel. Allow to cool.
  11. Combine pudding mix with 2 cups of colk milk and mix until well combined. Use a #2A tip to fill donuts with vanilla cream.

Time to decorate!

  1. Combine powdered sugar and lemon juice and whisk until desired consistency. Use food coloring to dye the icing yellow.
  2. Pipe Emoji faces onto each donut using red and black royal icing.
send me a number ➸ pt.1

1. name/age/gender?

2. hair color/eye color?

3. favorite season?

4. favorite band?

5. favorite artist?

6. supernatural experience?

7. favorite tv show?

8. favorite movie?

9. single/taken?

10. last time you cried + why?

11. crush?

12. tumblr crush?

13. happy place?

14. dream job?

15. favorite conspiracy theory?

16. nationality?

17. sexual orientation?

18 weirdest or worst dream so far?

19. best dream so far?

20. cool kid or geek?

21. favorite music genre?

22. hobby?

23. favorite quote?

24. favorite song?

25. favorite color?

26. favorite apparel brand?

27. favorite make-up brand?

28. favorite web-series?

29. favorite decade?

30. favorite cartoon show/character

31. favorite food?

–– more questions coming soon