pituary gland

endocrine system: major glands, hormones secreted, and actions that are controlled


  • oxytocin - contraction of uterus; breast milk letdown
  • antidiuertic hormone - water retention in kidneys
  • growth hormone - stimulates growth
  • prolactin - stimulates milk production from mammary gland 
  • follicle-stimulating hormone - stimulates production of ova and sperm 
  • luteinising hormone - stimulates ovaries
  • thyroid-stimulating hormone - stimulates thyroid


  • norepinephrine and epinephrine - causes fight-or-flight response in emergency situations; stimulates metabolism
These two are the most important and most frequently tested, but there’s more under the cut. 

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