Katara: It’s not magic. It’s waterbending, and it’s- Sokka: Yeah, yeah, an ancient art unique to our culture, blah blah blah. Look, I’m just saying that if I had weird powers, I’d keep my weirdness to myself.
So I wanted to talk a little about Katara, because I think we often focus on her grief for her mother, and forget her relationship to her culture, and her experience of the Southern Water Tribe genocide (unlike the Air Nomads genocide, which was for the greater partover after four big terrifyingly effective simultaneous strikes, this one took place over a long length of time - more than 40 years? 50? - and it wasn’t total, but it definitely was one. genocide = the deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group, fwiw)
(Kanna’s village - before and after)
All of the Southern water benders were exterminated or taken away to rot in prison (where they all died eventually except for Hama). Katara was born the only bender left in the whole South Pole. Then when she was eight years old, she survived a raid that was meant to kill her, but took her mother instead (she probably was too young to realize that, to her it must have been a question mark up until she met Yon Rha - gratuitous cruelty? Why her mother in particular? They took nothing else!).
So Katara from a young age had a double burden to bear: that of her mother, and the legacy of her bending (and she was shown as painfully aware of her situation and what it meant on both front). But here’s the thing: Katara could be a mother, she was naturally good at it, and her grandmother could teach her what she didn’t already knew. Her family and tribe demanded that of her, they needed her to be that for them (especially after her father and the rest of the men basically abandoned them). However, there was no one left to teach her how to waterbend - she had almost no hope of ever becoming a master without formal training, her brother thought it was silly and weird and let her know, her grandmother thought it was a waste of time. But she kept practicing, because she knew how important it was, to her and to her tribe, that she kept trying (as the only one left who could).
(…an ancient art unique to our culture, blah blah blah…)
(Of course she would obsess over that waterbending scroll)
When she gets to the North Pole, she meets Pakku, and with him the opportunity of finally becoming a true master. But because she is a girl, he judges her unworthy. He judges her, the only remaining southern waterbender, unworthy of carrying on their culture. The Fire Nation didn’t care about the gender of their prisoners, men and women - they all fought side by side for their freedom in the South, and they were all taken away to the last one, and killed to the last one. In the South, the women had the choice to learn how to fight, or be defenseless. And privileged master Pakku couldn’t possible realize the extend of what he was denying her in that moment.
Katara had to prove herself, she had to earn her right to these teachings. And if she had been less good or less stubborn or not Kanna’s granddaughter - well the North would have refused their sister-tribe the power to use their common cultural heritage to fight back against the nation that destroyed them.
(It’s sexist and terrible.)
Meh, thankfully, she was that good, stubborn, and Kanna’s granddaughter, and she did get to become a master.
But, of course, her story doesn’t end here, and wrt her culture, the next chapter is a much more traumatizing experience. In the Fire Nation, she meets another master. This time it’s an old woman from the South like her (“You’re a waterbender! I’ve never met another waterbender from our tribe!”), and she is, ah, more than willing to help her.
Look how happy Katara looks at the idea to learn from her in particular:
Katara: I can’t tell you what it means to meet you. It’s an honor! You’re a hero. Hama: I never thought I’d meet another southern waterbender. I‘d like to teach you what I know so that you can carry on the southern tradition when I’m gone. Katara: Yes! Yes, of course! To learn about my heritage… it would mean everything to me.
But when Hama starts her lesson, the techniques she teaches have been obviously developed with one goal in mind: survival in enemy territory. They can’t possibly have been invented in the South Pole, where water is abundant everywhere. They are deadly and cruel, and the damage they do to the environment leaves Katara sad and uncomfortable, but Hama waves that off as unimportant. It doesn’t matter, she doesn’t have the time to worry about flowers or beauty or nature. To her that peace and beauty is probably just an illusion anyway, a lie: years after her escape she is still living the war, and war is ugly and rotten and messy (her world is ugly and rotten and messy - this is her comfort zone).
The last technique she teaches Katara is bloodbending. She forces Katara to learn something she finds disgusting, repulsive (just like Hama was forced to learn?) by torturing her (Hama was tortured), by overpowering her, invading her, making her lose control over her own body, bending her blood (Hama herself is clinging to the last remain of control she managed to get back after rotting in prison for years), and finally by threatening to have the two people she cares most about in the world kill each other right under her eyes (Hama lost everyone too, she had to say goodbye).
(Katara: But, to reach inside someone and control them? I don’t know if I want that kind of power. Hama: The choice is not yours. The power exists…and it’s your duty to use the gifts you’ve been given to win this war. Katara, they tried to wipe us out, our entire culture… your mother! Katara: I know. Hama: Then you should understand what I’m talking about. We’re the last Waterbenders of the Southern Tribe. We have to fight these people whenever we can. Wherever they are, with any means necessary! Katara: It’s you. You’re the one who’s making people disappear during the full moons. Hama: They threw me in prison to rot, along with my brothers and sisters. They deserve the same. You must carry on my work.)
And this, this, is the only truly southern waterbending Katara is ever going to learn. This is her tribe’s bending heritage, what’s left of it: blood, grief, suffering, hatred, loss of control over both your body and mind (because it’s terrible, but I think that’s what’s implied by the show: bloodbending makes you lose your mind. Hama’s only mean of regaining physical freedom ended up trapping her in another nightmare). Hama gifts her with a power she despises (but will use anyway in her darkest hour when she loses control) and a philosophy of violence and revenge.
Katara chose peace and forgiveness. As an adult, she will have bloodbending outlawed, she will become the greatest healer in the world, and she’ll teach her daughter, the next avatar, probably many others. These choices matter, and we should talk about them with that background in mind. Katara redefined her heritage - or rather she created a new one for herself: she refused the condition that was forced upon her (bloodbender) and ensured nobody could legally do to someone else what Hama did to her (and it’s implied this law is valid anywhere in the world). She transmitted Pakku’s warrior teachings, the ones she fought for, to the next generations (and did a great job of it!), but she also taught them how to heal, refusing to separate the arts as in Northern Water Tribe tradition - and healing was something she discovered by herself, that she felt was always a part of her. At that, she became the universally acknowledged best. Her legacy, despite everything that happened to her, will never be one of violence.
tl;dr: Katara is one of the strongest fictional characters ever created bye
For all the sinners: Oscar Wilde quotes and baroque churches
“Sin is a thing that writes itself across a man’s face. It cannot be concealed. People talk sometimes of secret vices, there are no such things. If a wretched man has a vice, it shows itself in the lines of his mouth, the droop of his eyelids, the moulding of his hands even.” ― Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray
A visual explanation of Orphan Black based off of the explanation from @thatgaycousin and I just picked the pictures..I know they aren’t exactly precise to the moment within the show but just bear with me:
A show about ^Tatiana Maslany’s world being thrown upside-down after witnessing
^Tatiana Maslany’s incident at the train station.
^Tatiana Maslany is soon found by
^Tatiana Maslany, who is killed
by a hidden ^Tatiana Maslany.
Another ^Tatiana Maslany contacts
^Tatiana Maslany and soon
^Tatiana Maslany meets up with ^Tatiana Maslany and ^Tatiana Maslany. Everything is kinda the same for awhile..
with ^Tatiana Maslany hunting
^Tatiana Maslany who is imitating
^Tatiana Maslany is quickly dragged into the bigger picture and meets the CEO…..
Hey guys! Here’s a collection of all the tips I use on a regular basis to
help with memorization. Three things before we start. One, keep in
mind that this is mostly geared towards both visual and auditory
learners. Two,, I’ll use Biology examples, but these tips can be
applied to a variety of subjects. Three, when I talk about drawing,
5-year-old level doodles will do just fine. So, I hope you find these
Draw pictures of what you have to remember – break up whatever word you need to remember, associate each part with something, draw that
something. Ex: thermogenin, you draw a thermos and inside of it, you
draw a gene (as in, you draw a chromosome and shade a small part of
it). This is my ultimate foolproof method for remembering
Make each page memorable. You can use colors, draw little arrows, make doodles, even if they are irrelevant to the subject you’re studying.
Making each page unique will stimulate your visual memory and you’ll
be more likely to remember things (this is why I personally include
pictures of structures if I’m rewriting my biology notes on my
laptop, otherwise, it’s pages and pages of text blocks and it all
blurrs together in your mind)
Test fonts. Times New Roman in size 12 is the easiest font for our brain to process. There are studies that show that information written in
fonts that are smaller and harder to read is actually more likely to
be remembered. If you’re a visual learner, this is probably not true
for you, I, for example, remember info best in Times New Roman 12, so
that’s the font I print all my notes in. Try printing three
paragraphs of information (two different pieces of information that
you’ve never gone over and that is easy to understand, needing only
memorization) in both styles and test yourself to see which one you
When you have to learn a process, visualize it, picture it in your mind, you’ll understand it a lot better than just repeating the steps in
words. If a proteín is recognized by the cytoplasmic membrane and
then enters in through a pore, imagine it happening. If you can’t
picture something, such as structures, look them up on google
Sticky notes. Need to memorize a formula? Write it down on a post it note, stick it on the cover of a notebook/book and force yourself to recall the formula whenever you have to use said notebook. Check whether you got it right. If you didn’t, look at it, repeat it out loud. Try again
Highlighter and annotations symbiosis. Don’t stop using highlighters, you still want them to mark important parts of the text. However, if what you want is to stay present while you study, the best method is to go through a paragraph and then write in the margin whatever you understood. This is not really useful in subjects like Biology
(because you basically can’t summarize all that
much, everything is important) but it’s perfect for more logical
subjects like math or chemistry. I find it especially useful in
summarizing formula deductions - instead of writing the steps in
numbers and symbols, write them out in words, you’ll remember it much
Get the whole picture. Every time you come across a piece of information that relates back to something you’ve already learnt, recall that whole other topic. It’s a great way to review.
Rewrite your notes, don’t recopy them. By this, I don’t mean “put it in your own words” because you probably have already done that in
your original notes (if you just copy what comes out of your
professor’s mouth word by word in class, don’t, it’s not doing you
any good). What I mean is, if you’re taking the time to rewrite them,
you may as well reorganize them. Have to memorize a bunch of facts
about a type of cell? Group them together. Which ones refer to its
functions, which ones are related to its shape and size and contents?
Put those together. If you don’t know how to regroup them just by
looking at your notes, read through these and underline facts in the
same category with the same color. You’ll be surprised.
Try to link facts or concepts when rewriting your notes. Ex: Don’t write
“-Meristematic cells primary function is to divide.
-They have little cytoplasm.
-They have few organelles.”
But: ”Meristematic cells primary function is to divide. That’s why they don’t need to have a lot of organelles or cytoplasm.“
Following this same line of thought, when highlighting, highlight only the ‘main’ point. The consequences or everything related should stem from
Say it yourself This method consists of reading two/three paragraphs, making annotations if necessary and then repeating these paragraphs to yourself OUT LOUD. You’re not repeating things like a parrot,
you’re putting the information into your own words. This is the main method
that I’ve been using since I got my first textbook and I was honestly
so shocked when I saw that people usually study in silence. It makes
the information stick so much better, but forget about libraries and oh
boy, when you get to college be prepared to get creative with your
study spaces if you have a roommate.
Make flashcards of vocabulary. If a month from now you’re asked to explain a theory or a process you’ve already studied, you’ll probably be able to recall the main idea. If you’re asked to explain a certain
term/vocabulary word, the chances of you remembering it are… well,
slim. So, even if the moment you’re studying it you’re convinced you
will remember it, make the flashcard anyway. Oh, and remember the
‘drawing pictures for vocabulary’ thing? Draw those on the back of
This whole post is going to be a mess but I have to get this out soon before my thoughts leave me. So I can’t read Korean at all but it’s pretty obvious from the visuals in the story that Bum was projecting the image of the girl from his past onto Jieun. The last few chapters have been so centered around Jieun, Sangwoo, and his diabolical plan that getting this huge dump of Bum’s flashbacks and development was a bit of a surprise.
My initial reaction to the end of this chapter is that Bum has way more pent up pain and suffering than I initially thought. And that Sangwoo unintentionally just introduced the unhealthiest coping mechanism ever for it. We’ve seen this girl before, too
This was all the way back in chapter 9 when Bum had the life or death card game showdown with the old man. We didn’t know what any of this meant, but once again whatever it was, it really impacted Bum.
There he is stabbing Jieun but what is he visualizing?
He’s picturing that classmate from his past. Maybe something she said triggered him, but regardless of what it was, he’s taking out his old pain onto her, and I don’t know I guess that’s what makes this chapter so heartbreaking in my opinion. I’m probably stating the obvious but I have to write it down