philosophical ideas

heart4hawkeye  asked:

Would you rant more on the differences between the "born sexy yesterday" trope and Wonder Woman? Because I definitely some similarities and some differences but couldn't put words to all of them, and was discussing it with a friend, and could find the words to describe the differences.

Originally posted by casnelson17

Potential Spoilers Ahead!

Okay, let’s break down piece by piece why Wonder Woman is not an example of the Born Sexy Yesterday trope. 

The Born Sexy Yesterday Trope is …

when a naive yet capable woman

I won’t argue that Diana isn’t naive.  She’s very naive when it comes to philosophical ideas like the nature of war and humanity.  That, however, is not the kind of naivety that makes this trope work.  

Diana is not naive about sex/sexuality. People (usually women) who fall into into the Born Sexy Yesterday trope rely on their love interest (usually a man) to teach about love and sexual attraction because they have never experienced it before.  Diana knows what sex and sexual pleasure are (and probably experienced them before Steve came into the picture), she doesn’t need Steve or anyone else to teach her.  When men Diana isn’t interested in express attraction to her, she’s able to recognize it and turns them down.  When men she is interested in do, she knowingly reciprocates and the relationship progresses on her terms.

Diana’s naivety isn’t used to make her more desirable.  Innocence, virginity, and naivety are part of the appeal of women who fall into the Born Sexy Yesterday trope.  While Diana’s naivety doesn’t detract from her appeal, it’s not the driving component of it.  Steve (and the audience) fall in love with Diana because she’s a beautiful, badass warrior with a big heart, not because she’s naive.

Culture Shock is not the same thing as naivety.  Diana not knowing what revolving doors and ice cream are doesn’t mean she’s naive.  It means she spent her entire life in a culture that doesn’t have those things.  Yes, there are things she doesn’t understand that Steve has to teach her, but there are also moments where Diana has to teach Steve about her culture.  Steve is equally as confused and fascinated by Themyscira as Diana is about Man’s World.  And you don’t see that turnaround very often, if ever, in the Born Sexy Yesterday trope.

is the over-sexualized love interest

There is a difference between being sexy and being sexualized.  Diana is extremely gorgeous and many of her outfits show some skin, but she’s never over-sexualized.  No one ever walks in on her while she changes, allowing the audience to see her in a state of undress, and there aren’t any gratuitous upskirt shots or close ups of her chest or rear.  Basically, unlike women who fall into the Born Sexy Yesterday trope, Diana exists to be more than just eye candy.

Also, there is a difference in having a love interest and being a love interest.  To have a love interest is to fall in love with someone over the course of a story while also doing other things.  To be a love interest is to serve as an object of desire and have little or no role outside of that.  Diana falling in love with Steve was just one part of her story.  An important part that had a big impact on the story, yes, but it wasn’t the only thing she did.  Much of her growth and development as a character happened outside of that.  Being a strong, female character, and being a woman in love with a man aren’t mutually exclusive.

And as for ‘Diana falls in love with the first man she meets so it’s the Born Sexy Yesterday trope’, that’s a misleading oversimplification (not to mention a little biphobic).  Diana doesn’t become immediately smitten with Steve the moment she lays eyes on him because she’s never seen a man before. Their relationship grows and develops over time until they both mutually fall in love with each other.  Diana also meets other men throughout the movie and develops relationships with them that aren’t romantic.  She doesn’t fall for every single man she meets.  She’s also canonically bisexual and she may have had relationships before Steve.  Meaning her relationship with Steve would be her first with a man, but not her first ever.  

 to an average, male protagonist.

First off Steve Trevor is above average, so jot that down.

He’s also not the protagonist.  There’s a reason this movie’s called Wonder Woman and not The Saga of Steve Trevor. This is Diana’s story. She is the heart and soul of the movie, and she doesn’t exist to play second fiddle to Steve.  The point of the Born Sexy Yesterday trope is to exist as an object of affection in another person’s story.  Maybe it can still work when the protagonist and the person the trope applies to are one in the same, but I can’t think of any examples. 


So yeah, there’s some elements of the Born Sexy Yesterday trope in the movie, but like how having eggs, flour, and butter doesn’t mean you have a cake, having those elements in the movie doesn’t mean you have the trope.

V HATE AND THE FACTS

📷 — receipts included!

So there’s been a lot of hate towards V lately for unfounded reasons that can’t be sourced. While it’s true that there are things we don’t know about Mint Eye or information we don’t have in full, there’s also some false accusations that I can invalidate with proof. People can dislike V, that’s fine, that’s their opinion, I can’t change that. I’m not here to argue about V’s likability. However, what I am here to do is find direct proof to rectify false information that’s used against V. Excuses and their receipts below, with several photos as proof. 

Keep reading

Why do we love?

Ah, romantic love; beautiful and intoxicating, heart-breaking and soul-crushing… often all at the same time! Why do we choose to put ourselves though its emotional wringer? Does love make our lives meaningful, or is it an escape from our loneliness and suffering?  Is love a disguise for our sexual desire, or a trick of biology to make us procreate? Is it all we need? Do we need it at all?

If romantic love has a purpose, neither science nor psychology has discovered it yet – but over the course of history, some of our most respected philosophers have put forward some intriguing theories.

1. Love makes us whole, again / Plato (427—347 BCE)

The ancient Greek philosopher Plato explored the idea that we love in order to become complete. In his Symposium, he wrote about a dinner party at which Aristophanes, a comic playwright, regales the guests with the following story. Humans were once creatures with four arms, four legs, and two faces.  One day they angered the gods, and Zeus sliced them all in two. Since then, every person has been missing half of him or herself.  Love is the longing to find a soul mate who will make us feel whole again… or at least that’s what Plato believed a drunken comedian would say at a party.

2. Love tricks us into having babies / Schopenhauer (1788-1860)

Much, much later, German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer maintained that love, based in sexual desire, was a “voluptuous illusion”.  He suggested that we love because our desires lead us to believe that another person will make us happy, but we are sorely mistaken.  Nature is tricking us into procreating and the loving fusion we seek is consummated in our children.  When our sexual desires are satisfied, we are thrown back into our tormented existences, and we succeed only in maintaining the species and perpetuating the cycle of human drudgery.  Sounds like somebody needs a hug.

3. Love is escape from our loneliness / Russell (1872-1970)

According to the Nobel Prize-winning British philosopher Bertrand Russell we love in order to quench our physical and psychological desires.  Humans are designed to procreate; but, without the ecstasy of passionate love, sex is unsatisfying.  Our fear of the cold, cruel world tempts us to build hard shells to protect and isolate ourselves.  Love’s delight, intimacy, and warmth helps us overcome our fear of the world, escape our lonely shells, and engage more abundantly in life.  Love enriches our whole being, making it the best thing in life.  

4. Love is a misleading affliction / Buddha (~6th- 4thC BCE)

Siddhartha Gautama. who became known as ‘the Buddha’, or ‘the enlightened one’, probably would have had some interesting arguments with Russell. Buddha proposed that we love because we are trying to satisfy our base desires.  Yet, our passionate cravings are defects, and attachments – even romantic love – are a great source of suffering.  Luckily, Buddha discovered the eight-fold path, a sort of program for extinguishing the fires of desire so that we can reach ‘nirvana’ – an enlightened state of peace, clarity, wisdom, and compassion.  

5. Love lets us reach beyond ourselves / Beauvoir (1908-86)

Let’s end on a slightly more positive note.  The French philosopher Simone de Beauvoir proposed that love is the desire to integrate with another and that it infuses our lives with meaning.  However, she was less concerned with why we love and more interested in how we can love better.  She saw that the problem with traditional romantic love is it can be so captivating that we are tempted to make it our only reason for being.  Yet, dependence on another to justify our existence easily leads to boredom and power games.  

To avoid this trap, Beauvoir advised loving authentically, which is more like a great friendship: lovers support each other in discovering themselves, reaching beyond themselves, and enriching their lives and the world, together.

Though we might never know why we fall in love, we can be certain that it’ll be an emotional rollercoaster ride.  It’s scary and exhilarating.  It makes us suffer and makes us soar.  Maybe we lose ourselves.  Maybe we find ourselves.  It might be heartbreaking or it might just be the best thing in life.  Will you dare to find out? 

From the TED-Ed Lesson Why do we love? A philosophical inquiry - Skye C. Cleary

Animation by Avi Ofer

Your INTP unit User Guide and Manual

CONGRATULATIONS! You have somehow gotten a hold of my phone number and ordered a new INTP unit! For new users, this manual will provide all of the basic information that you will need to take care of your new INTP unit.

Your INTP unit will come with the following accessories:
Three (3) Everyday outfits
Two (2) Nightclothes
Two (2) pairs of shoes
One (1) personalized laptop specifically built for your INTP
One (1) laptop charger
One (1) ethernet cable
One (1) mobile device
One (1) personalized headphones specifically built for your INTP
One (1) USB to INTP connector

Software:
Your INTP is programmed with the following traits:
Ti: Your INTP will want to analyze everything and understand everything.
Ne: Your INTP likes to think up new possibilities and sees a lot of potential in their peers and surroundings.
Si: Retrospective thinking is programmed to help your INTP solve new problems by using previous knowledge.
Fe: Although the lowest of the traits, your INTP still has emotions and can be largely affected by the emotions of the people in their surroundings. Will generally get along with peers but can unwittingly make offensive comments. Will feel bad about it later.

Getting Started:
To turn on your new INTP unit:
1. Connect your INTP to the computer using the USB to INTP connector.
2. Allow INTP to charge and gather data for approximately thirty (30) minutes.
3. Disconnected your INTP from the computer.
4. Turn on unit by asking nicely
5. If step NUMBER 4 didn’t work, threaten to take away the Wi-Fi.

Your INTP unit should boot up quickly after these steps!

Modes:
Nerd (default) -  your stereotypical nerd. Will only speak in scientific theories or binary code, depending on their mood. May be a bit socially awkward if the unit had only recently been started.
Enthusiastic nerd - hyper-nerdiness, will talk quickly and have stars in their eyes
Chameleon - will sometimes change how they act to their surroundings
Pedantic (default) - will correct grammatical errors and mistakes. Usually won’t stop even if you tell them to.
Meme / Pun (default) - don’t question it, just accept it
Unhealthy / Shadow (locked) - will only unlock if subjected to immense stress. Like described in Le Chatlier’s principle, your unit will try to act in opposition of the stress. Tends to be angsty and like an unhealthy ENTJ unit.

Relationships with other units:
NTs: Your INTP’s main squad. Is a bit intimidated by the XNTJ units, but gets along well nonetheless.
SJs: Generally gets along well. They help your INTP unit do what’s needed and take care of themselves, for which your.
NFs: Gets along with very well. May discuss philosophical ideas together. Relatively new INTP units may get frustrated or confused by the emotional perspective given by the NFs units.
SPs: Gets along overall. Can sometimes be afraid of XSTP units’ kickass personality and sometimes may not quite understand the Se nature well.

Feeding:
Your INTP unit will usually eat normally but will sometimes ignore their diet to pursue intellectual hobbies. Keep trying to argue that food is necessary despite their arguments that they feed on knowledge.

Hygiene:
Despite stereotypes, your INTP unit will maintain their personal hygiene, although you may need to remind them if they have been in the Enthusiastic Nerd state for a while and forgot to bathe themselves.

Sleeping:
Your INTP unit has a bad habit of staying up too late to browse the internet. Constantly remind them that sleep will help their memory consolidate and retain information. They might still try to stay up, at which point just take away the Wi-Fi.

Frequently Asked Questions:
Why does my INTP unit keep procrastinating on everything?
All INTP units have caught a bug when downloading their software that destroys their ability to take a task to completion without external pressure. Unfortunately, the units cannot be fixed, but Te-dom or Te-aux units may help organize your INTP unit’s life.

Does my INTP unit feel emotions? If so, when will they be more expressive?
Yes. Although Fe is low on their function stack, it’s still there. They are usually only expressive if they are surrounded by those close to them. So better your relationship with your INTP unit, and then you will see them be more emotional.

Help! My INTP unit is fixed in Unhealthy / Shadow mode, and I don’t know what to do!
Because the ENTJ units’ main functions are the INTP unit’s shadow function, I suggest getting an ENTJ unit to talk to the INTP to help them get out of their melancholy mood. If there are no available ENTJ units, then logically reason how their point of view is false and not helpful to their current situation. Also, try to remove the source of stress, as the Unhealthy / Shadow mode is caused by the presence of stress.

Again, CONGRATULATIONS on acquiring your new INTP unit! Have fun!

delinquents in hogwarts

again, i’m trash so feel free to add to this

  • wells jaha, undefeated wizards chess champion™
  • raven and monty trying to figure out how to make muggle technology work at hogwarts
  • monty ate a pine cone. because it told him too. no really. 
  • it’s the quidditch world cup and bellamy is supporting the philippines, monty is supporting south korea, raven is supporting mexico… (you see where i’m going with this)
  • bellamy “whatever the hell we want” blake walking through the corridors like he owns them - until he sees a first year fall over and drops everything to take them to the hospital wing
  • clarke supporting ravenclaw in quidditch whenever slytherin aren’t playing because “i’d pick you first” 
  • octavia is a hatstall between gryffindor and hufflepuff and bellamy blake, gryffindor prefect, is having a staring contest with the sorting hat 
  • raven reyes found in possession of a flying car. teachers are so impressed she doesn’t get expelled
  • murphy “accidentally” setting things on fire in classrooms 
  • no one wants to be paired up with octavia blake in duelling club out of sheer terror 
  • hide and seek in the grounds goes on for hours because apparently jasper and monty are just that good, until it’s revealed they’ve been getting high in greenhouse three the entire time. 
  • jasper can never remember the gryffindor password, so takes to following bellamy to and from classes so he can get his books 
  • firewhisky drinking game led by slytherin head girl clarke griffin 
  • carefully chaperoned by hufflepuff best friend wells jaha 
  • if you ever see jasper jordan coming out of zonko’s joke shop - run
  • if you ever see raven reyes coming out of dr filibuster’s fireworks shop - run faster
  • if you ever see jasper jordan coming out of florean fortescue’s ice cream parlour - just let him have this okay?
  • house points are a fucking serious matter alright “dammit murphy, tuck in your shirt, if we lose to ravenclaw again this year i’ll transfigure you into a turnip” 
  • there’s nothing left on the trolley on the hogwarts express because jordan and green have the munchies again 
  • nathan “great thief” miller always arriving to parties with food he managed to procure from the kitchens 
  • raven and monty purposefully going in and out of the ravenclaw common room because they love the riddles 
  • nathan and bryan planting corn outside the greenhouses 
  • harper’s cute hesitation when she asks monty to the yule ball 
  • monty also spiked the pumpkin juice, obviously 
  • ah, the patronuses, octavia’s is a butterfly, clarke’s is a horse, raven - you get one guess. 
How To Tell If A Zodiac Sign Likes You

(Moon and Venus sign also comes into play)

Aries: Makes it obvious, flirts with you, hugs and touches you a lot, compliments you, may get a bit possessive/jealous. They will probably tell you. 

Taurus: Will takes things slowly, wants to know more about you, will catch them looking at you/they will look away, uses their manners around you, treats you differently from everyone else, wants to be in your personal space, is genuinely caring for you.

Gemini: Is nervous yet witty at the same time when talking to you, has mischievous look in their eye when they look at you, talks about their intelligence to/around you, may send mixed signals.

Cancer: Is very shy, stares at you a lot with a loving look, has a hard time speaking with you, will give you presents, wants to spend time with you, won’t tell you they like you until you tell them.

Leo: Will give you their attention, become very physical with you, will make you feel like you’re a king/queen, stares at you, shows off around you/tries to impress you.

Virgo: Does little things for you, helps you when then can, is shy/nervous around you, compliments you, avoids eye contact/limited eye contact, subtlety is their approach.

Libra: Flirts with you, plays hard to get, asks about your love life, is clingy with you, will try to have friendly arguments with you, is romantic/old fashioned, will tell you you’re beautiful/handsome.

Scorpio: Acts really nervous and shy around you, makes frequent intense eye contact, see intensity/passion in their eyes, tries to be more physically close to you, asks other people about you, stalks you, shows up where you usually are, silently gets jealous when you talk to someone else.

Sagittarius: Very clear whether they do like you or not, will chase you, will try to contact you, gives you fiery looks, tries to make you laugh, talks about philosophical ideas with you, asks about your future plans.

Capricorn:  Invites you places to go with them, gives you hugs, smiles at you, looks in your eyes as you’re talking, asks who you want to be, shows off their intelligence/talents, talks about their future and how you could fit in it.

Aquarius: Talks to you as often as possible, asks you about yourself and you opinions, has deep intellectual conversations with you, starts copying your actions, gets into your interests, starts appearing where you are.

Pisces: Waits for you to notice/talk to them, makes a lot of eye contact, is very sweet/romantic, does things for you, is very caring and sincere, drops hints through their actions/words, is very sensitive to your words and what you say to them.

Few Thoughts on Dom-Ne

I had an ask I answered privately this morning, but I made one comment in the response that I feel is worth sharing with a wider audience.

Often in dealing with confusion between ENXP and INXP types, I encourage people to ask themselves whether their Ne is self-generating or needs external stimulation in order to “activate.”

Cognitive extroverts need external stimulation before their function “works” to the best of its ability in a dominant position. Fe needs people. Te needs the world. Se needs an environment. Ne needs ideas, possibilities, or concepts.

Since I have better NFP examples than NTP, I’ll run with those.

I once saw it described thus: an INFP originates that which the ENFP takes and expounds on indefinitely. The introvert is internalized, which means the Ne comes second to their personal interests and passions; the Fi guides the Ne to creative lengths based in Fi’s inner sense of like / dislike and interest. The Ne-dom reacts to that which it finds. It needs external stimulation. From there, it works toward like / dislike and interest, but the external ideas started them off on a huge train of thought.

A good example of this is Anne Shirley or Sarah Crewe; two little INFP girls who escape trauma through the power of their imagination. Anne self-entertains with elaborate fantasies about Princess Cordelia; she comes up with these things on her own, for her own amusement. Sarah is much the same, though she shares her stories with her friends. But, these stories are self-generating. They come from Fi/Ne and need nothing in the external environment to simulate the idea beyond Fi’s desire to self-entertain and escape.

Ne/Fi works differently, in that it REACTS to or ABSORBS ideas from the external environment and runs with them. A good comparison is Jo March or Elizabeth Bennet. The former is also a storyteller, but her ideas are gathered (inspired) by things she reads, sees, or experiences in her environment. She tells stories because she loves them, but has a greater emphasis (as a social extrovert) on entertaining with them – she sells her stories to newspapers for money (Te) or acts them out in plays for the neighbors (extrovert). Lizzie also is not “lost in her own world” (like Anne or Sarah) so much as watching what happens around her and reacting to it. She sees how her sister behaves and makes an intuitive guess at a potential outcome.

If a Ne-dom starves of new things (new books, tv shows, philosophical works, ideas, information, music, friends, knowledge, etc) – their Ne finds little interest in anything and “doesn’t work properly,” so their usual swift generation of ideas, reactions, or thoughts begins to falter. They may (due to low Si, combined with high Ne’s irrational melodrama) fear their creativity may never return again, or that they are ruined, (or maybe not a Ne-dom at all), when it’s just that they are starving Ne of external stimulation. If they change that, the ideas will return. :)

Ne-aux: *writes an impassioned blog post about something Ti/Fi cares about*

Ne-dom: *is bored until they find that post, and then they have a whole bunch of things to say about it, in reaction to it* OR …I have nothing to blog about. Guess I’ll stop blogging. Meh. Oh, wasn’t the new Doctor Who awesome?! I have so many new thoughts about it, I don’t know where to start!

Got company. Must go attend them, eat Easter bark, and discuss… stuff.

- ENFP Mod

ew.com
'Once Upon a Time': Inside That Surprise Happy Ending
Warning: This story contains major spoilers from Sunday’s episode of Once Upon a Time. Read at your own risk! Regina ultimately didn’t end up with any version of Robin, but two characte…

Regina ultimately didn’t end up with any version of Robin, but two characters did find a happy ending together during Sunday’s episode of Once Upon a Time.

After the Evil Queen (Lana Parrilla) faced off with her doppelgänger in Storybrooke, during which they ultimately came to a touching détente, Henry (Jared Gilmore) gave the Evil Queen a fresh start that found her back in the famed tavern in which awaits her true love, the lion-tattooed man we know is Robin (Sean Maguire) — but the Wish Realm version!

“What we realize is that was the Evil Queen’s happy ending all along,” Parrilla tells EW. “It’s a beautiful ending for her. It’s really a courageous, happy ending for her. It was fun to experience it. I was very emotional over it. It was fun to play and to give her that closure. I felt like she’s earned it.”

The happy ending comes after Regina and the Evil Queen faced each other in the ultimate showdown — and while Regina had a chance to destroy her other half, ultimately they both came to a realization. “She realizes, ‘This is me that I hate, and I can no longer hate myself anymore,‘” Parrilla says. “She realizes with the Evil Queen that she’s hated that part of her for so long, and it’s now time to put that to an end, and so she makes a choice, and she takes her own heart out, and she combines the heart so they both possess both light and dark, and then she puts the heart back into the Evil Queen, and puts her heart back in.”

“It’s really a moving, beautiful moment, where she finally accepts herself,” Parrilla continues. “The Evil Queen is feeling love for the first time, and it’s so foreign, and awkward, and weird, and scary, but then she hears what Regina says to her, which is, ‘You were right, you are a part of me, and I’m a part of you whether you like it or not, and now I love myself, which means so should you,’ and she embraces the Evil Queen, and they hug for the first time, and it’s just this beautiful moment between them, and they have this closure.”

The hour also offered an opportunity to show a side to the true Evil Queen that we’ve seldom seen before. “She’s this young girl who’s always wanted love, who’s always wanted to be accepted and understood, and she finally is by her light self, her other self, and it’s a beautiful unity between these two women,” Parrilla says. “It’s also a really important message I think to put out in the world, which is, we are complicated human beings, we possess both darkness and light in all of us, and in seeing these two women finally love and embrace one another, it’s very inspiring.”

“They have a heart-to-heart, and sit and talk it out, and there’s some humor between them, and some real, honest, vulnerable moments shared between them,” Parrilla continues. “It’s the first time you see the Evil Queen stripped down to this rawness and this real human quality that we haven’t really seen in her because she’s always been so protective over the years. She has all these walls that she’s built up around her, and it’s the first time we get a sense of who this woman really is, and what she’s always really wanted was to just be understood.”

The happy ending for the Evil Queen and Robin actually brings to life the fabled Page 23, also the title of the episode, which former author Isaac (Patrick Fischler) once called a canceled experiment. “It goes to a larger philosophical idea of who is Robin and who is the Evil Queen?” executive producer Adam Horowitz explains. “Yes, the Robin that we knew and love died, but the essence of who he is is embodied in this other version. The Evil Queen that has been taken out from Regina — we see that both Regina and the Evil Queen have to have parts of each other to exist — now we have this other entity that is also the essence of Regina. So this prophecy of the fairy dust way back in season 3, we thought that this was a way to honor that and to show that it was right in its own way. It’s just that things don’t always happen the way you expect.”

“We once said on the show that happy endings aren’t what you expect them to be, and this is one,” executive producer Edward Kitsis adds. “The Evil Queen and Robin make good on that in that this was her happy ending and Page 23, but in the same respect, it’s Regina coming to terms with the fact of being able to move forward and understand that you just can’t cut off the dark side of you; we’re both, the yin and yang of life. We also thought this is a different Robin, and Regina can’t go back. Just like she had to let go of Daniel, she had to let go of Robin.”

While the Evil Queen got her happy ending, Regina is still searching for hers — though Parrilla also stresses her character’s happy ending may not be what fans expect. “She realizes that her happiness isn’t so much with a man or a partner,” the actress says. “So she’s already on that journey, and yet when she sees Robin of Locksley, she’s filled with hope, but then realizes he’s not that guy, and so she’s already on her way there, and has some resolve, and she just wants to make him happy now at this point. I think it’s less about her, and she feels responsible for bringing him into this world that he doesn’t know, and she just wants to give him whatever he needs to get back.”

The question remains how having both the dark and light side within her again will change Regina moving forward. “She’s similar to who she was before, but I think more evolved, and more mature because we always saw her in constant conflict, which she always hated these impulses that she had — these dark impulses or these evil thoughts and evil ways — and we see her really embracing both sides, and she is both,” Parrilla says. “There was that episode called ‘We Are Both,’ and that kept ringing in my head. ‘We Are Both’ is very different than this, but that motto is really what she’s living by in accepting that she is both dark and light and that it’s okay, and then I think it actually makes her stronger.”

Top 25 Favorite Composers

No.2: Johann Sebastian Bach (31 March 1685 - 28 July 1750)

The funny thing about Bach is that, even though he is considered to be one of the greatest composers of all time, if not THE greatest composer of all time, he really wasn’t well known during his life outside of east Germany, and he wasn’t performed or played by anyone for a good century after his death, save a few small music groups dedicated to older music. And he wasn’t super “influential” in his life either, towards the end he was constantly heckled by his contemporaries for being too old fashioned, writing dense Baroque/Rococo polyphony during the shift into early homophonic and clearer/lighter Classical aesthetics. But even so, Bach has written some of the greatest music ever. His mind was able to put together several lines of varying melodies into one great polyphonic web, like the planets orbiting around the sun. A semi-religious and philosophical idea from the Renaissance and prior was “Musica universalis”, referring to the harmony of the universe, the laws of science, the religious idea of intentional design, the beauty of order and math. Even though that is an archaic idea, way before Bach’s time, I feel that his music follows this idea. And because all of the adoration we give Bach, at his deeply spiritual, at his most complicated and mathematic, it’s easy for his fans [and critics] to think of him as super highbrow, as some kind of polished pedestal demi-god who we can’t touch. As if he didn’t write a cantata about coffee addiction and a girl who has to play a battle of whits against her father so she can keep drinking coffee. As if he didn’t write several keyboard dance suites and concertos that are full of life and joy, influence from French decorations and Italian vivacity. All of these traits make Bach one of the most universal composers in history. My favorite works by him are his Goldberg Variations, his Keyboard and Violin Concertos, his Partitas and French Suites, various great organ works, the Well-Tempered-Klavier, and his Art of Fugue.

Stop Saying Star Wars is Buddhist or Taoist

I watched @attackfish‘s conversation on good/evil dualism in the Star Wars franchise and was amused that her interlocutor was denying such dualism existed in the series. As Fish and I discussed afterward, it is sometimes hard for people who live in a dominant thought system like the Christian duality to recognize that a) they actually subscribe to a very specific and non-universal worldview, and b) this view colors how they view everything else, because that’s what a worldview does.

Fish has a good breakdown in the linked thread on why the Jewish concept of yetzer hara does not map to the Dark Side of the Force as portrayed in the franchise. She also referenced poorly understood Buddhist and Taoist concepts, and as she pointed out, ideas from Buddhism and Taoism used in Star Wars are heavily distorted by a strict moral dualism that is alien to these traditions.

Keep reading

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The Signs as my Favourite Women in Literature pt. 2 (Earth)

Taurus – Juliet Capulet (Romeo and Juliet)
Juliet Capulet grows during the play from a naïve, childish girl into a mature woman. Her most outstanding personality trait is her willingness to do and give up everything for love. However, Juliet is very responsible and she would never risk her life if she wasn’t 100% sure. Right when she meets Romeo, she knows that she wants to spend the rest of her life with him. But different from the Montague-boy, she isn’t the type to rush things. Juliet knows of the necessity of staying calm and thinking the situation through. She is normally both kind and respectful especially in interaction with her mother. Before she meets Romeo, her actions are mostly driven by logic and her parent’s expectations. But as her feelings grow undeniable, she changes into a feisty, stubborn rebel with her own ideas of life and love. From knowing that she can only be truly happy while being together with Romeo, she gains an inner strength which makes her stand up to her parents and beginning to handle things her own way. Juliet is one of the strongest and bravest women in literature, risking everything for personal happiness, willing to leave everything that’s steady and known behind for being with the man she loves.

Virgo – Hermione Granger (Harry Potter)
At the beginning of the story Hermione is a shy, insecure girl. Her steadiest and most loyal companions are her books, in which she finds comfort. The young witch absorbs all the knowledge she can find and she is working daily to know a little bit more than the day before. Determination, patience and hard work make her one of, if not the most intelligent witch in the wizarding world. As she grows older, she notices that she can trust and rely on her qualities and she grows into a self-confident, passionate woman, who always comes up with a plan to a crisis. She develops a strong emotional connection to Harry and Ron and it is especially around them, that we see her as a loving and dearly caring friend. Although people see her as the pragmatic and concerned one of the trio, Hermione is not afraid of adventure and she would jump right into the most dangerous situations if it meant she could save the people close to her. She is very loyal and would probably sacrifice a lot for people or creatures in need of help. This brave, young woman never gave up on herself and thus grew into one of the most heroic and admired women in literature.

Capricorn – Antigone (Antigone)
At first sight, Antigone is a rebellious, stubborn woman without respect for the laws of secular rulers. When it’s said that burying her brother shall be forbidden, her first instinct is to go and burry him anyway, all by herself. That’s an incredible act of loyalty, not only in relationship to her brother but also in her duty to the gods. To get the rightful funeral for her brother is not only a sign of love towards her sibling but also a rebellion against the damnation of her soul, which she believes, she would suffer from by betraying the gods and their laws. To get what she wants, she acts strong, determined and will-full. It’s completely natural for her to do everything possible to live up to her own beliefs. She has her own, strict ideas of morals and ethics and everyone stepping out of her borders of right and wrong, will be defeated by her arguments and philosophical ideas. Antigone is uniquely powerful for her time and almost superior to others only through the way she speaks and acts. She is today’s definition of a feminist. Although mostly hidden by her warrior-self, she is a soft-hearted, loving woman who craves a stable future with her fiancé Haemon.

anonymous asked:

Hi! What is the title of that book with Maurice in it? The one you posted a paragraph of, where he's talking about love and how Clive didn't love him? Can you recommend any other books that talk about love, platonic or otherwise? Thank you in advance!

Hello! It’s from Maurice, by EM Forster. Bit of a weird novel, truth be told; I really like it and would definitely recommend it, but it’s very of its time insofar as a lot of the homosexuality is kind of delineated along lines of ‘I am a man and I am attracted to women and think they’re fine’ and ‘I am a man and I am not attracted to women and therefore they’re terrible’. It’s a noteworthy novel in that it’s probably the earliest literary fiction text in the modern Western canon which features a clearly gay protagonist, and in which a gay pairing gets a happy ending, so I do think it’s worth reading, but I definitely think you’d need to bear in mind that it wasn’t written this century.

I think that love is a very general theme in a lot of books (for is not the entire world rooted in love, and is not to write about the world also to write about love, and yet also war, etc etc etc blah) but doing a quick scan of my bookshelf, here are some books I like that are about different kinds of love:

  • Reunion - Fred Uhlman. About a teenage Jewish boy who becomes close friends with a new boy in his year at school, around the time of WW2. A lot of people read this - totally validly - as a romantic narrative, but I always read it as being about that strange kind of love that sometimes happens between people who become fast friends, when it’s intense and borderline obsessive, but platonic.
  • Girl Hearts Girl - Lucy Sutcliffe. Honestly, although this book is predominantly about sexuality and coming to terms with being queer / LGBT in a heternormative world, I’d most recommend it as a book about loving yourself. It’s a phenomenal book and it really instilled a lot of values in me about being confident in myself and my identity. It’s a kind of intrapersonal love, if that makes any sense at all!
  • But You Did Not Come Back - Marceline Loridan-Ivens. Written as a letter from an elderly Jewish woman to her father, who died when she was 15, after they were both deported to Auschwitz. It’s autobiographical, beautifully written, and it ruined me. I haven’t read a book that better sums up what it is to love someone who isn’t there. I think that loving across life and death is a topic that isn’t really written about very successfully all that often, and the way that Loridan-Ivens describes it makes it seem almost like an amputation of the self.
  • Symposium - Plato. I’d be a jerk if I didn’t recommend you this, seeing as it is essentially the definition of the word ‘platonic’. It’s basically a collection of philosophical ideas of what love actually is, and the different types thereof. That myth you’ve probably heard about humans originally being two people joined together, then split from their soulmates? That’s from the Symposium. It talks about love between men (although again, be warned for period-appropriate misogyny) and I recommend it primarily because it’s a good retort to the ol’ ‘well, gay people are a modern invention’ argument.
  • The Boy Who Fell Out of the Sky - Ken Dornstein. This is a super weird recommendation, but hear me out! Dornstein’s brother was a passenger on flight Pan Am 103, and was killed in the explosion over Lockerbie. This book is ostensibly about Dornstein’s quest to find out about his brother’s last moments, but it’s really about familial and specifically fraternal love; how to live up to someone when you look up to them, and how to move on when they’re not there any more. You will cry a whole bunch, but it’s a great book.
  • Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe - Benjamin Alire Sáenz. Listen. I did not like this book. It just wasn’t really my cup of tea; the writing style didn’t sit well with me. However, I appreciate it immensely as a book for teenagers and young adults which is a) about LGBT characters; b) written by an actual LGBT individual rather than a straight person ‘writing gay’ (as far as I know!); c) written by and about POC. The subject matter is really interesting and I’d definitely still recommend this as a YA book about identity and love, and the journey towards acceptance both of yourself and your peers.
  • The Princess Bride - William Goldman. Listen, this has the single greatest passage about love in any published novel ever.
    • With no more words, she whirled into his arms then, saying, “Oh, Westley, I didn’t mean that, I didn’t, I didn’t, not a single syllabub of it.”
      Now Westley knew that she meant to say “not a single syllable of it,” because a syllabub was something you ate, with cream and wine mixed in together to form the base. But he also knew an apology when he heard one.
      So he held her very close, and shut his loving eyes, and only whispered, “I knew it was false, believe me, every single syllabub.”
  • The Song of Achilles - Madeline Miller. Oh, c’mon. You knew I’d recommend this one. It’s the best novel about obsessive love I know. Yes, I’d define it as obsessive; love that is singular and overwhelming and consuming. I can’t talk about this book any more. I will get the sobs again.
  • Giovanni’s Room - James Baldwin. This is a short novel about a man who is dissatisfied with his girlfriend and begins an affair with another man. That makes it sound kind of tawdry, but it really isn’t. The main character is a bit of a tit, truth be told, but it’s a really great example of a narrative about the dangers of denying your own identity and the destructive power wielded by internalised homo/biphobia. It was also written by a black gay man in 1956, so it’s a blessing that it was published.

I need to make a stir fry now, but I hope that was at least 40% helpful!

On This Day: June 25

World Vitiligo Day

  • 1856: Max Stirner dies of a bug bite in Berlin.
  • 1876: Lakota, Cheyenne & Arapahoe defeat General Custer & US Army at Little Big Horn, Montana.
  • 1878: Ezra Heywood sentenced to two years hard labor for advocating free love/sexual emancipation as part of women’s rights.
  • 1893: Haymarket Martyrs’ Monument by Albert Weinert is dedicated. Erected by the Pioneer Aid and Support Association, an organization begun by the anarchist Lucy Parsons, Albert Parsons’ widow.
  • 1894: Eugene Debs & American Railway Union demand boycott of Pullman railway cars during US Pullman strike of 50,000 rail workers.
  • 1903: George Orwell born in Motihari, India.
  • 1905: 1905 Revolution: Łódź insurrection in Poland ends.
  • 1916: Clandestine meeting of the Council general of the militant Unione Sindacale Italiana (USI; anarcho-syndicalist labor union) in Florence, Italy.
  • 1921: In the play R.U.R, Czech author Karel Čapek introduces the word robot. The play is about robots which organize & rebel over work & pay.
  • 1922: Delegates of the first congress in Saint-Etienne, France of the C.G.T.U. (Confédération générale du travail unitaire) align with the Communist International. This decision marks the defeat of the anarcho-syndicalists within its ranks.
  • 1926: In Paris, three Spanish anarchists are arrested, accused of preparing to assassinate Alphonse XII: Ascaso, Durruti and Jover. Louis Lecoin mounts a major protest campaign to prevent their extradition.
  • 1933: James Meredith born in Kosciusko, Mississippi. He is a Civil Rights Movement figure, writer, political adviser and Air Force veteran. In 1962, he became the first African-American student admitted to the segregated University of Mississippi.
  • 1938: United States passes the Wages & Hours Act. The Act bans child labour and sets a 40 hour work week.
  • 1943: Jews in the Częstochowa Ghetto in Poland form the Jewish Fighting Organisation and stage an uprising against the Nazis.
  • 1944: Anarchist-pacifist Eugene Humbert dies, killed in prison during WWII during an Allied bombing raid — the day before he was to be released.
  • 1955: Arrest of Pierre Morain, militant of the F.C.L. (Fédération Communiste Libertaire).
  • 1975: Mozambique wins independence from Portugal.
  • 1978: The Rainbow flag representing Gay Pride was flown for first time in the San Francisco Gay Freedom Day Parade.
  • 1984: Michel Foucault dies in Paris. He was a philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist, and literary critic.
  • 2001: Protests in Barcelona during World Bank summit.
Vocalist VIC FUENTES tells the stories behind each song on PIERCE THE VEIL’s Selfish Machines.


Besitos
This song very openly features the Spanish side of Pierce The Veil’s music. We always try to incorporate at least a hint of Latin influence in every song, but with this one, we just went all the way with it. Lyrically, it’s about my dysfunctional relationship with a girl I couldn’t stop hurting over and over again. It’s meant to be her speaking to me, asking me why I’m not satisfied with what we had. I wanted to write it from her perspective to try and understand what she was going through at the time. It ends with her wanting to kill me for all the stuff I’ve put her through.

Southern Constellations
This is basically just the intro to “The Boy Who Could Fly.” We decided to separate the tracks because otherwise, the song would be around six minutes long. This short, little tune describes my unexplainable and undeniable recent obsession with Southern girls. The clean guitar tone is one of my favorite tones on the entire album. We used a Stratocaster with a custom amp to get the glassy and unique sound we were looking for.

The Boy Who Could Fly
We went back to our SoCal punk roots for this song. The entire thing is punk beats and super-fast guitar work. It’s almost therapeutic for me to play, because it represents everything that we loved playing as kids. Mike [Fuentes] is the fastest single kick drum player I’ve ever seen, so this song features him in all his glory. The lyrics talk about an unhealthy co-dependent relationship in which I couldn’t live without the other person because if you took her away, I would lose half of myself. It’s about obsession and desperation, and the stupid things you do when you’re in love. Musically it’s the craziest, most intense song we’ve ever written.

Caraphernelia
The last time I saw my ex-girlfriend, she left all kinds of random things behind at my house: travel shampoo, a razor in the shower, hair clips, etc. It was basically just a bunch of stuff that kept reminding me of her. After a while, it made me miss her, and I wondered why we ever broke up in the first place. When I wrote the music for the chorus, I knew right away that I wanted to ask my friend Jeremy McKinnon [of A Day To Remember] to do the screaming parts on the chorus and bridge. A few weeks after I wrote the song, I approached Jeremy with the idea and he agreed to sing on the album. It turned out to be one of my favorite tracks once we collaborated. One of my favorite things to do is make music with my friends. That collaboration makes the songs very special to me.

Fast Times At Clairemont High
This is a very selfish song that basically says, “If I can’t have you, then no one can.” I think this has gone through everyone’s head at least a couple times in their life. The theme of this album talks about these natural thoughts and feelings to want and take–the desire to be in love and the desperation for someone else to love you. This song deals with human nature and our selfish tendencies. I like the music because it has a hint of Michael Jackson influence.

The New National Anthem
I used to drive six hours just to see this girl that I liked. She was beautiful, but didn’t know it because she was from a small town. I went to her place once and it was completely empty because she was in the process of moving into another apartment. I remember making out with her in the dark in the middle of her empty carpeted floor. A lot of the lyrics are about that night. I recorded the intro to this song in our apartment in L.A. We used a lot of the original sounds from my ghetto little recording on the album.

Bulletproof Love
I’ve always been obsessed with happy songs that have morbid lyrics. Lyrically, this song is one of the darkest I’ve ever written. It’s about being obsessed with someone to the point where you’re hurting yourself. A lot of it is written almost like a suicide note meant to be found by the one you love. It’s completely crazy and extreme, but it’s also comforting to say out loud the things you’re thinking sometimes.

Stay Away From My Friends
This is about my ex-girlfriend trying to stay in close contact with my friends even after we had broken up. We all need our friends to be there for us and help us out during hard times. I wrote the piano parts in my living room at home in San Diego. We wanted to challenge ourselves with this song and make it as different as possible from the rest of the album. We threw it right in the middle of the album as a sort of a breath of fresh air. My friend Dave Yaden played all the keys on this record, as well as on [2007’s A Flair For The Dramatic], and that took everything to the next level.

I Don’t Care If You’re Contagious
I wrote a great deal of these lyrics after a young fan had explained to me that her boyfriend had just recently died in a car accident. She told me that he held her hand for the first time at our one of our shows. She told me that she just wanted to thank us for being a part of their lives. This was one of the most shocking and heartbreaking things I’d ever heard. I wrote the song as a gift to her. It’s meant to be her boyfriend speaking to her, telling her that he is still watching over her and that he will love her forever.

Disasterology
This song is basically about a typical guy’s dream. It talks about girls, drinking and having the time of your life. It’s very poetic and drifts around just like a person’s mind would inside of a dream. I purposely just wrote down the first things that popped into my head. The chorus talks about building something beautiful only to destroy it. This is a very philosophical idea that I’ve played around with for a long time. I wrote most of the music in Florida with my good friend [former ADTR guitarist] Tom Denney. He and I worked on the music for this song, “The Boy Who Could Fly” and “The Sky Under The Sea.” Love you, Tom!

Million Dollar Houses (The Painter)
I wrote this song as a gift to my parents. It’s meant to be my dad talking to my mom. My dad has worked very hard his entire life as a painting contractor, struggling and fighting to make enough money to keep us going. We recently had to sell our house because things were just getting too expensive to afford anymore. This song is about how through all the years, my mom and dad have never let money tear them apart, and no matter how bad things got, they’ve always had each other. I strongly express my hatred for money and the way it sometimes fucks with people’s lives and families. All you need is love. The Beatles were right all along. Go figure.

The Sky Under The Sea
This song is about admitting, “I am the selfish machine.” It’s about being selfish with love and taking what you want without regret. The selfish machine refers to the animal inside all of us that no one ever wants to admit is there. I consider all of our evil thoughts and desires that we are ashamed of to be perfectly natural. We are all humans and no one is perfect, despite how morally good someone may think he or she is. alt