philosophical ideas

And in the end, we were all just humans…drunk on the idea that love, only love, could heal our brokenness.
—  F. Scott Fitzgerald
Why do we love?

Ah, romantic love; beautiful and intoxicating, heart-breaking and soul-crushing… often all at the same time! Why do we choose to put ourselves though its emotional wringer? Does love make our lives meaningful, or is it an escape from our loneliness and suffering?  Is love a disguise for our sexual desire, or a trick of biology to make us procreate? Is it all we need? Do we need it at all?

If romantic love has a purpose, neither science nor psychology has discovered it yet – but over the course of history, some of our most respected philosophers have put forward some intriguing theories.

1. Love makes us whole, again / Plato (427—347 BCE)

The ancient Greek philosopher Plato explored the idea that we love in order to become complete. In his Symposium, he wrote about a dinner party at which Aristophanes, a comic playwright, regales the guests with the following story. Humans were once creatures with four arms, four legs, and two faces.  One day they angered the gods, and Zeus sliced them all in two. Since then, every person has been missing half of him or herself.  Love is the longing to find a soul mate who will make us feel whole again… or at least that’s what Plato believed a drunken comedian would say at a party.

2. Love tricks us into having babies / Schopenhauer (1788-1860)

Much, much later, German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer maintained that love, based in sexual desire, was a “voluptuous illusion”.  He suggested that we love because our desires lead us to believe that another person will make us happy, but we are sorely mistaken.  Nature is tricking us into procreating and the loving fusion we seek is consummated in our children.  When our sexual desires are satisfied, we are thrown back into our tormented existences, and we succeed only in maintaining the species and perpetuating the cycle of human drudgery.  Sounds like somebody needs a hug.

3. Love is escape from our loneliness / Russell (1872-1970)

According to the Nobel Prize-winning British philosopher Bertrand Russell we love in order to quench our physical and psychological desires.  Humans are designed to procreate; but, without the ecstasy of passionate love, sex is unsatisfying.  Our fear of the cold, cruel world tempts us to build hard shells to protect and isolate ourselves.  Love’s delight, intimacy, and warmth helps us overcome our fear of the world, escape our lonely shells, and engage more abundantly in life.  Love enriches our whole being, making it the best thing in life.  

4. Love is a misleading affliction / Buddha (~6th- 4thC BCE)

Siddhartha Gautama. who became known as ‘the Buddha’, or ‘the enlightened one’, probably would have had some interesting arguments with Russell. Buddha proposed that we love because we are trying to satisfy our base desires.  Yet, our passionate cravings are defects, and attachments – even romantic love – are a great source of suffering.  Luckily, Buddha discovered the eight-fold path, a sort of program for extinguishing the fires of desire so that we can reach ‘nirvana’ – an enlightened state of peace, clarity, wisdom, and compassion.  

5. Love lets us reach beyond ourselves / Beauvoir (1908-86)

Let’s end on a slightly more positive note.  The French philosopher Simone de Beauvoir proposed that love is the desire to integrate with another and that it infuses our lives with meaning.  However, she was less concerned with why we love and more interested in how we can love better.  She saw that the problem with traditional romantic love is it can be so captivating that we are tempted to make it our only reason for being.  Yet, dependence on another to justify our existence easily leads to boredom and power games.  

To avoid this trap, Beauvoir advised loving authentically, which is more like a great friendship: lovers support each other in discovering themselves, reaching beyond themselves, and enriching their lives and the world, together.

Though we might never know why we fall in love, we can be certain that it’ll be an emotional rollercoaster ride.  It’s scary and exhilarating.  It makes us suffer and makes us soar.  Maybe we lose ourselves.  Maybe we find ourselves.  It might be heartbreaking or it might just be the best thing in life.  Will you dare to find out? 

From the TED-Ed Lesson Why do we love? A philosophical inquiry - Skye C. Cleary

Animation by Avi Ofer

delinquents in hogwarts

again, i’m trash so feel free to add to this

  • wells jaha, undefeated wizards chess champion™
  • raven and monty trying to figure out how to make muggle technology work at hogwarts
  • monty ate a pine cone. because it told him too. no really. 
  • it’s the quidditch world cup and bellamy is supporting the philippines, monty is supporting south korea, raven is supporting mexico… (you see where i’m going with this)
  • bellamy “whatever the hell we want” blake walking through the corridors like he owns them - until he sees a first year fall over and drops everything to take them to the hospital wing
  • clarke supporting ravenclaw in quidditch whenever slytherin aren’t playing because “i’d pick you first” 
  • octavia is a hatstall between gryffindor and hufflepuff and bellamy blake, gryffindor prefect, is having a staring contest with the sorting hat 
  • raven reyes found in possession of a flying car. teachers are so impressed she doesn’t get expelled
  • murphy “accidentally” setting things on fire in classrooms 
  • no one wants to be paired up with octavia blake in duelling club out of sheer terror 
  • hide and seek in the grounds goes on for hours because apparently jasper and monty are just that good, until it’s revealed they’ve been getting high in greenhouse three the entire time. 
  • jasper can never remember the gryffindor password, so takes to following bellamy to and from classes so he can get his books 
  • firewhisky drinking game led by slytherin head girl clarke griffin 
  • carefully chaperoned by hufflepuff best friend wells jaha 
  • if you ever see jasper jordan coming out of zonko’s joke shop - run
  • if you ever see raven reyes coming out of dr filibuster’s fireworks shop - run faster
  • if you ever see jasper jordan coming out of florean fortescue’s ice cream parlour - just let him have this okay?
  • house points are a fucking serious matter alright “dammit murphy, tuck in your shirt, if we lose to ravenclaw again this year i’ll transfigure you into a turnip” 
  • there’s nothing left on the trolley on the hogwarts express because jordan and green have the munchies again 
  • nathan “great thief” miller always arriving to parties with food he managed to procure from the kitchens 
  • raven and monty purposefully going in and out of the ravenclaw common room because they love the riddles 
  • nathan and bryan planting corn outside the greenhouses 
  • harper’s cute hesitation when she asks monty to the yule ball 
  • monty also spiked the pumpkin juice, obviously 
  • ah, the patronuses, octavia’s is a butterfly, clarke’s is a horse, raven - you get one guess. 
Dating Kim Namjoon Would Include:

| suga | jimin | jungkook | v | j-hope | jin |

  • poking his dimples all the time, let’s be real
  • freestyle rapping about how good you look at least three times a day
  • you’d ask him for advice on something and he’d just go on about his philosophical ideas that actually made no sense but you nod along because well damn it’s funny
  • he’ll try teaching you a BTS choreo and you could practically feel J-Hope just shaking his head somewhere in the distance 
  • you’d be the first to hear new songs 
  • kissing those gReEAaaTTT LiPppSS offFFF HIS
  • i feel like he’d really like asserting dominance into his kisses and just completely taking over most of the time, but sometimes he’d just lazily smile into the kiss and let you take full control lord h e l p
  • taking cute pictures together everywhere and he’d just want to be aestethic af about everything
  • buying you Converse because “you look so good in them, jag”
  • “actually, you look so good in EVERYTHING, jagi” *winks* *hopes it earns him a kiss but you like “you woulda thought”*
  • whenever he’d come to pick you up for a date, NO MATTER WHAT, he would just smile SOO BIG when he sees you
  • cuddles never happen without kisses, whether he subtly places them on your shoulder or your head or your hand or wHATEVER kissing is always a must with him
  • idk I just feel like Namjoon really likes to kiss
  • lots of make out sessions
  • i bet you namjoon got those roaming hands during make out sessions but he never does anything that makes you feel uncomfortable because he gentleman af too
  • he knows he can’t protect you from everything in life, but hell, this boy will definitely try
  • he’d just want to be the best boyfriend for you at all costs, so he’d go through lengths to just prove to you how happy he is to have you
The Signs as Drunk Texts

Aries: Is mad at you for no reason and tries to start a fight

Taurus: Tells all their friends how much they love them, many exclamation points are utilized

Gemini: Sends you “genius” philosophical ideas and insists you write them all down

Cancer: The dreaded ex text

Leo: Incomprehensible gibberish and acronyms

Virgo: Sends notes and ideas to their own number and replies to them

Libra: Texts everyone about how drunk they are

Scorpio: Is sexting, utilizes the camera function poorly

Sagittarius: Doesn’t text anyone but their snapchat is wild and mostly accidental videos of their own feet

Capricorn: Sends several acquaintances very specific and strange compliments

Aquarius: Sends you passionate opinions on random things and gets mad if you disagree

Pisces: Is lost somewhere but somehow ends up fine the next morning, may not remember it. Probably kissed more than one person

use as many lofty phrases and convoluted philosophical ideas as you wish to illustrate what life is but in my opinion, it’s simply about constant growth and living for yourself.

anonymous asked:

Have you done a meta over how the overall story of ATLA was setting up for Zutara? Or about how it had the perfect build up or something like that? If you haven't can you do one about that please!

Yeah, I have done some of metas about how there was a lot of set up for Zutara, especially in Book 2. The main theme was attachment vs. unconditional love. A very important philosophical idea prevalent Eastern spirituality that tied in to the chakras and Zuko’s own kundalini awakening.

Here is a meta I did about how Avatar was leading to Zutara.

Here is a meta about how the the first two episodes of Book 2 and the last two episodes of Book 2 were connected

2

Socrates was a classical Greek philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. He is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon and the plays of his contemporary Aristophanes. Plato’s dialogues are among the most comprehensive accounts of Socrates to survive from antiquity, though it is unclear the degree to which Socrates himself is “hidden behind his ‘best disciple’, Plato”. Socrates did not write anything of his own. Understanding Socrates as an individual and appreciating his exact philosophical stand-point and views, therefore, relies upon these sources, but comparison of the details of the sources reveals contradictions, thus creating a conflictual problem in reliably knowing the actual Socrates, this issue is known as the Socratic problem, or the Socratic question. There are no straightforward histories, contemporary with Socrates, that dealt with his own time and place. For instance, those who prosecuted and convicted Socrates have left no testament. Historians therefore face the challenge of reconciling the various evidence from the extant texts I order to attempt an accurate and consistent account of Socrates’ life and work.

Moon in the 9th House

People who have Moon in the 9th House are the type of people who get called bookworms a lot. These people spend a lot of their time learning and reading about different things. Since the 9th house rules knowledge and higher learning, they often feel emotionally safe when they are surrounded by books, for example in a library, they like nothing more than to escape into a book and not have to deal with their emotions. People with this placement also like to travel, say to a forest or foreign lands. They want to escape to foreign lands and they often like to read about these places and they develop philosophical and grand ideas from these books and thoughts that race through their mind. These people like to show in any way possibly that they are knowledgable and sometimes even intellectually superior, but most of the time it is true because they do so much reading and learning and this is where they obtain their label of being a bookworm, because they spend so much time in their world of books and philosophy. 

And what is your take on reality?
There is an old philosophical idea about God being stupid and crazy, not finishing his creation. The idea is that God (but the point is to think about this without invoking God), when he created the world, made a crucial mistake by saying, “Humans are too stupid to progress beyond the atom, so I will not specify both the position and the velocity of the atom.” What if reality itself is rather like a computer game where what goes on inside houses has not been programmed because it was not needed in the game? What if it is, in some sense, incomplete?
All these complex ideas… how do we come up with them?
I like Stephen Jay Gould here: intelligence, language and so on are exaptations, by-products of something which failed. Say I am using my cellphone - I become fully aware of it only when something goes wrong. We ask the big metaphysical questions even though we cannot solve them, and as a by-product we come up with wonderful, solid knowledge.
—  Slavoj Žižek: Wake up and smell the apocalypse
Clarity does not require
Retiring to forests or monasteries, or
Giving up all of one’s material possessions.
All that is needed is to
Relinquish one’s erroneous beliefs.
What Wu Hsin speaks about is a process of unlearning.
It is the abandonment of the ideas and beliefs,
Of all rigid forms of thought and feeling
Whereby the mind tries to
Organize its own activities into orderly compartments.
These dogmas and philosophical systems are
Only ideas about reality,
In the same way words are not facts
But only ideas about facts.
What is pointed to is
The coming into direct contact with reality itself
Without allowing the belief systems to intervene.
Those who wish to keep their illusions can do so and
Will remain frozen in place.
Those who fear them recede into safer illusions,
While those who see through them
Move ever forward.
—  Wu Hsin - Being Conscious Presence
Who is behind ‘Don’t Hug Me I’m Scared’?

So I don’t exactly have a theory of my own for the whole Don’t Hug Me I’m Scared series, I have seen many theories and my brain is a whole mishmash of all these smart philosophical people’s ideas and stuff like that.

One thing I believe however is that Roy, the yellow guy (sometimes known as Manny)’s father is behind all of it.

Since his first appearance in Don’t Hug Me I’m Scared 2: Time, ‘Roy’ has somehow always made an appearance in each of the episodes in the series. Here he is seen wearing one of the ‘brainwashing helmets’ as I like to call them, and the pan on the yellow guy’s head with jewels decorated to look like the one that Roy is wearing. This can be seen as Roy is somehow influences the yellow guy, linking back to the brainwashing, which I think is what the whole message of the series is about: kids being brainwashed through children’s media.

Here is a screenshot from the Kick-starter video released between 2 & 3. In this video there is a scene at the beginning where they have all been kidnapped and are confused as to where they are-well, all except the yellow guy who says ‘Why are we in my dad’s house?’. His question is quickly dismissed by the red guy (aka Harry) who says ‘I don’t think this is your dad’s house.’ and the subject is ended there and spoken of no further.

For the rest of the series, Roy makes no prominent appearances. He is, however, always there. Hidden almost. Watching. Here in Don’t Hug Me I’m Scared 3 Roy is seen to appear for a moment just after Malcolm, the King, appears…

…and here, along with appearances from past ‘friends’ like the notepad and the clock. Just like I said, always watching.

And this is where I first noticed something strange. The credits. From the 3rd episode if you look at the credits right at the end, Roy is the last name to be mentioned. The only ‘puppet’ or character to be mentioned in the credits. At first I thought it was just like a sort of jokey thing, something DHMIS funny.

Okay, take a look here. When things start to go bad for the red guy in Don’t Hug Me I’m Scared 4, look who appears in the corner. There, in the back, at the right. Roy. R O Y. Okay so I’m guessing you’re also starting to see some sort of weird trend here too right? Or maybe it’s just me. Anyway he always seems to appear when things go wrong. Interesting…

And there he is again. Roy’s name right at the end of the credits. Credits. That means he had something to do with it. He has something to do with this.

And now, Don’t Hug Me I’m Scared 5 comes out. I watched this the day it came out and I found it, well…unnerving. Especially the fact that one of the trio is missing and another ends up gone at the end of the episode. Anyway as I watched this and read through the comments, someone said that they could see Roy at one point and I kept pausing and playing until I got to this really bad quality screenshot. Oh well. Anyway this is the point when the green duck guy says that he doesn’t want to do this any-more, knocking over the camera. Now, when the camera is knocked over you can see glimpses of little things, and one is where the set ends. And who is looking over the top, or should I say watching over? Roy. The fact that he is looking down from above could mean that he is higher up and the person in control. I don’t know, call me crazy.

And that’s when me and some friends, whilst freaking out over the meaning of the video on WhatsApp, stumbled across the possibility of Roy being the director. Being the main person in charge. In control. Brainwashing his own child. Brainwashing society’s children.

And there it is again, that sneaky ‘& Roy’ at the end of the credits. Hey maybe I’m wrong but that’s my theory. I hope you enjoyed. :)

Plus I’m really sorry its sooooo long I know.

A Few of My Favorite Things: Kino’s Journey: The Beautiful World

There are plenty of anime that I love dearly and each for their own special reason, Trigun, Cowboy Bebop, Dragonball, Sailor Moon and many others have in many ways helped shape me into the person I am today. But when I think about anime that have truly changed my life, ones that have taught me lessons that I will take to my grave, the one that always comes to mind first ahead of all others is Kino’s Journey: The Beautiful World. Kino’s Journey, otherwise known as Kino No Tabi, follows the adventures of a woman simply known as Kino and her sentient motorcycle named Hermes as they travel from country to country on their never ending journey to see the world. With each episode the show delves into different philosophical questions and ideas surrounding the human condition in ways that I have rarely seen in other anime, in fact the only other anime I can think of that captures the same a sobering, meditative, and melancholy approach to its philosophy on the world is the anime known as Mushishi.

One of the most interesting aspect of the show for me is the title character of Kino herself and the philosophy that she lives by. Kino is a polite and friendly person, willing to help those she comes across as well as share stories about her travels, but she is also a very detached and passive individual. Kino makes it a point to never stay in a land she visits for more than three days and though she enjoys conversing with other people she prefers to travel alone with only Hermes. This detachment doesn’t come from a cold or bitter place but rather one rooted in a Buddhist like philosophy about the world and ones place in it, she is a non-critical observer of humanity and the world around her, never jumping to judgments about what she feels is right or wrong but instead accepting both the beauty and ugliness of the world and those in it. The show doesn’t go into depth about Kino’s past with only two episodes truly dedicated to exploring her who she was before her journey and how she developed this philosophy of detachment, but that’s not where the depth of the show is.The depth comes from the individual countries that Kino visits and the shows meditations on the philosophical ideas raised in each. The countries Kino visits in each episode are drastically different from one another, so much so that its almost like they all exist in alternate universes in and of themselves. Each country seems to be locked in its own place in time, one country could look a small rural town from the 1800s while another could be entirely populated by robots. The show’s lucid use of time and space  makes Kino seem almost ageless and makes her journey of discovery seem like a never ending one but I feel like that’s the point.

The show rarely offers any easy answers to the philosophical questions it asks within each episode which in many ways leaves them open to interpretation. It doesn’t seeks to not answer but instead ponder these questions from the detached and non-critical perspective of Kino herself. The two philosophical ideas I find most impactful for me personally come very early on in the second and third episodes, the first deals with Kino’s philosophy on life and it’s value, which is explored may times throughout the show, and the second deals with the complexities of religion which touches on the effects of different interpretations of dogma and scripture as well as how the translation of such stories and texts can cause to true man-made origins of many to be lost to history forever. I don’t want to say any more than that to avoid spoiling the experience for others. The mantra Kino lives by, and the core philosophy of the series itself, stems from the phrase “The world is not beautiful. Therefore it is.”, a phrase that roots itself in an essential Japanese belief known as “Mono No Aware” which can be found in many forms of Japanese story telling going back centuries. It’s a concept that focuses on the idea that things are only beautiful because they are temporary and beauty can only truly be appreciated if an individual faces and understands pain.

One last aspect of the show is Kino’s gender, which is a topic that the show only mildly touches on. Kino never refers to herself as a man or a woman and it isn’t until the fourth episode that we actually discover that Kino is female, though it may be a mistake to refer to Kino by either pronoun. Kino is androgynous in her attire which leads to many mistaking her for a man or a young boy but Kino never refers to herself as either a man or a woman, during one instance where an individual called her a “little guy” and another in which she was called “missy” she answered both by saying “Please stop calling me little guy/missy, I’m Kino” putting no emphasis on whether Kino was male or female. This androgynous nature of Kino’s character is also due in large part to the voice actors of both the Japanese and English dub. Speaking specifically on the English dub, Kelli Cousins gives a stoic yet warm voice to the complex character of Kino who could have easily come off as cold in the hands of someone else, it’s a shame that to see that she hasn’t taken on more roles considering the amazing job she did with Kino. It could be said that Kino is one of the few non-binary characters in all of anime.

I highly recommend Kino’s Journey: The Beautiful World to anyone looking for a thought provoking and meditative show seeks to explore certain aspects of the world and humanity a way that few others have done before. The show is currently out of print but you can easily find episodes online to watch. If you’re interested in delving further into Kino’s journey’s there are also a series a of light novels that are still being made today that chronicle the continuing adventures of Kino and Hermes.