philosopher's tone

anonymous asked:

What exactly does "noir" mean in film?

HI, well this won’t be the textbook definition of “film noir,” but for me it’s a style of film, usually Hollywood movies, popular in the United States from approximately the end of WWII until around the mid-1950s (some consider Robert Aldrich’s 1955 Kiss Me Deadly the last “true” film noir), which contain certain similarities in style and substance (and forgive the brevity and reductiveness of this list, film noir is a large and complex genre): 

––A grim, often nihilistic tone and philosophical bent. Usually a crime story with a tragic or bittersweet ending.

––A story about a protagonist who faces an unsolvable mystery or otherwise is made to feel small and helpless in a confusing and hostile world/environment, overwhelmed by forces he (or more rarely, she) cannot control. 

––Black and white photography with high contrast images and often oblique and severe angles reminiscent of German expressionism in the silent film era. (Many German directors actually fled Nazi Germany to Hollywood and directed a lot of the best films noir.)

––Iconic “femmes fatale,” women characters who often seduced male protagonists to their doom, Siren-style, who used their sexuality to get what they wanted, and were usually pitted against contrasting “good girls” vying for the protagonist’s affection. (Direct descendants of the “mols” in gangster films, the precursors to films noir.)

There are some films noir which don’t fit the prototype to a “T,” and these are actually some of my favorites, for example Nicholas Ray’s In a Lonely Place, which is about a screenwriter (Humphrey Bogart) trying to overcome his violent tendencies to find love (with Gloria Grahame). 

I am particularly intrigued by femmes fatale, because at first blush it would appear to be a rather misogynistic trope, demonizing women’s sexuality, but upon deeper study seems to be a moment of empowerment for women in film. Men coming home from fighting in WWII returned to find that out of necessity, women in America had broken many of the bonds of gender rolls to enter the workplace outside the home, and many of these women, married and otherwise, had taken lovers while their beaus were off fighting. So this confused and frightened men’s (already fragile lol) egos, and they didn’t know where they fit in society anymore. This is a popular theory about films noir and femmes fatale anyway, but I buy into it to some extent. I think men were as … aroused as they were frightened by women’s newfound independence, and this was reflected in these films. In a way, the femmes fatale in these movies were the first women to be operating on equal footing with the male protagonists of American cinema and men and women viewers alike were intoxicated by this. It’s true that in these films the women were often punished for their independence, but at the same time the movies hardly made this seem like a just outcome, and in fact the moral grayness of films noir is one of the most modern and attractive things about the genre then and now. There was an old-world sensibility to many of these films (not in small part due to what I mentioned before about European directors and writers migrating to America during this time), and American’s fascination with this “otherness” was also a result of WWII and the economic boon that proved to be for the US. It reflected the angst and anxiety and terrible cost of the newfound freedoms afforded the new middle class in this country. 

Anyway, a few of my favorites are:

In a Lonely Place

Gilda

Laura

Kiss Me Deadly

Act of Violence

The Third Man

The Narrow Margin

On Dangerous Ground

Out of the Past

Clash By Night

Born to Kill

Okay, and I haven’t touched on neo-noir films, but we’ll save that for another day, lol. (Needless to say I love the genre, and many of my favorite modern directors were/are heavily inspired by film noir, from David Lynch to Michael Mann.) Thanks for asking, hope that was helpful!

Originally posted by nitratediva

Out of the Past, 1947, dir. Jacques Tourneur.

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dan and phil contrast moodboard

Phil is a person who’s full of life, bubbling with curiosity and happiness. I chose mostly ocean themed pictures, because there’s so much life and activity. Not to mention it has always been one of the happiest places I’ve been.

Dan, however, has a more artsy and minimalistic aesthetic. These photos, to me, are calming with their simplicity. When watching Dan’s livestreams, I feel as if the setting and mood their almost has a philosophical and relaxing tone. I tried to pick photos that represented these qualities.

suga-cane  asked:

hi, fellow infj here! so recently i've been seeing post of people complaining about the mislabels that people who label themselves as infj that aren't true. can you tell me what qualities/traits show that a person is a real infj? since infj is the rarest type out of all types, maybe a little explanation wouldn't hurt to see? i've been doubting myself over being a infj (i never labeled myself as one until i took a test & kept getting INFJ.) thank you if you can reply! your blog is like heaven (:

Awwh thank you <3 I’ll just bullet point facts to make it easier:

  • Are long-time planners; they make plans for things far in the future (big ideas) and then add the details later (steps to help them reach their goals).
  • Despite them thinking about stuff far away in the future, don’t expect them to know exactly what they want to be right off the bat. They know exactly what they don’t want but have a harder time grasping what they do (lack of Fi). This is why INFJs typically have a main idea of what they are interested in doing (albeit it may be several different areas), and they narrow down their options as they gain more information about it. This is basically the difference between Ni and Ne. 

Example of Ni: Imagine that you’re drawing a face. You start off with the basic shape of the face so that you know what your boundary is. Then you go add sub-features such as the shape of the eyes and nose. Lastly you go in add the essential details such as shading and extra lines. Now you have fully visualized exactly what is you were drawing. {You start off with the main idea and then start getting specific. Closure is found.}

Example of Ne: Imagine drawing a tree. You start off drawing the base of the trunk and then start drawing branches. These branches then keep going on and splitting into more branches and more branches and the only way you remember what you were drawing originally is when you backtrack and follow the branches back to the trunk (Si). {You start off with one idea but instead of finding closure, you keep on connecting it to more ideas.}

  • Tend to talk/write in a philosophical or profound tone. This is why most INFJ’s tend to be really good at poetry. But can only express themselves fully with people their close with. Don’t expect an INFJ to contemplate about humanity’s existence with the stranger next to them in the subway. You can’t really notice their Ni unless you’re close to them. It’s often best expressed in their writing.  They are warm and friendly, but they’re the kind of people who will make you subconsciously reveal your personal thoughts without them revealing anything about themselves.
  • Oh another thing (I’m not sure if other INFJs do this as well…), I like keeping a journal to organize my thoughts. But instead of writing about how my day went, I usually only write about the particularly important events that happened that day. I won’t ever write about what I did at school, etc. I only write about my dreams and what I hope to accomplish in the future. The past is something that I rarely ever write about. 
  • They’re the kind of people who can adapt their body language and speech to fit whoever their talking to. And this doesn’t just go for people the same age vs adults, they act differently around people their age as well. When they meet someone new, they imitate that person’s way of talking and are pretty much analyzing them to see what kind of person they are. If they see that they can be comfortable around that person, you’ll be able to see them peel off layers of their personality one by one. 
  • INFJ’s are known for having layers to their personalty like onions. They’ll have assigned layers to different people and this will dictate how they act around them. For example, someone who they are not comfortable around at all will just be able to see the outer layer of their personality, whereas around close friends and family, they’ll strip their layers considerably and let them in on their thoughts and dreams (they only do this with people they absolutely trust). They peel off layers as they get to know someone and decide just how much they can handle. I, for example, have an ENFJ friend who I’m comfortable expressing my thoughts to but only to a business extent. I can never joke around with her and never ever express my personal thoughts on a particular subject (even things like my musical preferences) just because she tends to be pretty judgmental
  • They tend to be objective (more so as their Ti develops). Although people may say they are stubborn, they can actually change their viewpoint if someone provides valid reasons for them to. When they put their faith and trust in someone or something, know that is extremely important to them and they will not back down when it’s being degraded or put on the line. 
  • They tend to not hold grudges. Because they’re mainly focused on the future, they won’t pay the past any importance. Also, they tend to be able to foresee their relationships with other people. If they can’t see a relationship with someone lasting in the future, then they won’t try and pursue it. 
  • They tend to be able to make spot-on observations about people they don’t know personally, They’ll be able to correctly make personal observations about the kind of person someone is (Ni) by observing them stealthily and noticing little things they do or say (Se). 
  • One con about this is that if I haven’t ever talked to the person before, I might have a preconceived image of them in my head which may or may not be accurate. I have been chastised for being judgmental sometimes. 
  • They are very empathetic and can feel and can understand where other people are coming from even if they haven’t personally experienced it (Fe). They can also tell when someone’s being sincere or not and will act accordingly. 
  • Because of their ability to see stuff from other people’s perspectives, it can be hard for them to truly dislike someone. For example, if a person gets accused of bullying someone, at first they’ll be extremely adamant about disliking them. But as they learn about how that person had been abused as a child, they’ll grow more sympathetic and will question whether it’s right for them to be so mad at them. They do believe that bullying is wrong but perhaps the bully turned out that way because of the lack of love he received as a child. Us INFJs have the hardest time with this but it gets better as our Ti develops. 

Hope this helped! ^_^