philippa of hainault queen of england


Philippa of Hainault
Queen consort of England 24 January 1328 – 15 August 1369
The lady whom we saw has not uncomely hair, betwixt blue-black and brown. Her head is clean-shaped; her forehead high and broad, and standing somewhat forward. Her face narrows between the eyes, and the lower part of her face is still more narrow and slender than her forehead. Her eyes are blackish-brown and deep. Her nose is fairly smooth and even, save that it is somewhat broad at the tip and also flattened, and yet it is no snub-nose. Her nostrils are also broad, her mouth fairly wide. Her lips somewhat full, and especially the lower lip. Her ears and chin are comely enough. Her neck, shoulders, and all her body are well set and unmaimed; and nought is amiss so far as a man may see. Moreover, she is brown of skin all over, and much like her father; and in all things she is pleasant enough, as it seems to us. And the damsel will be of the age of nine years on St. John’s day next to come, as her mother saith. She is neither too tall nor too short for such an age; she is of fair carriage, and well taught in all that becometh her rank, and highly esteemed and well beloved of her father and mother and of all her meinie, in so far as we could inquire and learn the truth.

European queens' signs
  • Aries: Catherine de Medici
  • Taurus: Catherine the Great
  • Gemini: Queen Victoria
  • Cancer: Philippa of Hainault
  • Leo: Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
  • Virgo: Elizabeth I
  • Libra: Mary of Modena
  • Scorpio: Marie Antoinette
  • Sagittarius: Catherine of Aragon
  • Capricorn: Empress Elisabeth of Austria
  • Aquarius: Mary I
  • Pisces: Blanche of Castile

Top 10 Favorite Historical Female Figures in History: (Requested by Anonymous & Not in Order).

1. Artemisia I of Caria: She was the ruler of Helicarnassus and Cos, and was a commander of 5 ships during a naval battle (Battle of Salamis) in 480 B.C during the 2nd Persian Invasion of Greece. She was famous enough to warrant the Greeks ordering her capture which did not occur.

2. Philippa of Hainault: She was the Queen of England as consort to Edward III. She was a wise and competent Queen, serving as regent on behalf of her husband during his war campaigns. She also famously pleaded for mercy in 1347 for the lives of the Burghers of Calais and was successful.

3. Margaret I of Denmark: She ruled as regent on behalf of her son Denmark, and then later Norway and Sweden. Margaret was a successful ruler and was in power even after her son came of age. Her political maneuverings and warfare lead to the Kalmar Union in 1397 which bound the three countries together until the early 16th century.

4. Margaret of Anjou: She was the Queen of England as consort to Henry VI. With the decline of her husband, her power increase and when he was deposed she fought on behalf of him and her son, Edward of Westminster, successfully re-installing them in 1470 though they were deposed the following year. Margaret was a ruthless yet formidable foe even though in the end, she suffered defeat.

5. Isabella I of Castile: She was the Queen Regnant of Castile and Leon and consort in Aragon as the wife of Ferdinand II of Aragon. She was a successfully ruler, establishing a joint rule with her husband in which she shares the accomplishments which included the end of the Reconquista when Granada fell in 1492, and sending Christopher Columbus to the New World.

6. Caterina Sforza: A ruthless and powerful Italian Noblewoman and through marriage the Countess of Forli and the Lady of Imola. She also served as regent on behalf of her son. A passionate war woman, she even once attacked a fortress, while she was heavily pregnant. She is infamous for her defiance against Cesare Borgia at the Siege of Forli.

7. Katherine of Aragon: The Queen of England as the consort and 1st wife of Henry VIII of England. She served as regent in England in 1513 and was the first female ambassador in Europe. When her husband proceeded with trying to obtain and annulment, Katherine defied him every step of the way until the very end of her life.

8. Mary I of England: She was the only child of Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon that survived into adulthood. During her parents troubles, she sided with her mother, refusing to give up until after her mother’s death in 1536. She was the first Queen Regnant in England, and she was able to hold her position until her death. She is most widely known for restoring the Catholic Church during her reign.

9. Anna Nzinga: Anna Nzinga also known by her full name of Ana de Sousa Nzingha Mbande, was Queen of Ndongo and Matamba. Her reign was long, and during it she engaged in conflict with the Portuguese. She is known for her political acumen, and military prowess, dying at the age of 80 in 1663.

10. Catherine the Great: The 18th century Empress of Russia, who continued the modernization of Russia. She came to power after a coup in which her husband was deposed. Under her reign, the border of Russia expanded, arts, education, and literature was supported, and her reign was known as the Golden Age of Russia. 

Note: I made this post on my old account, so this is a repost, but I have changed the gifs.

Edward and Philippa spent Christmas 1360 at Woodstock with their sons and daughters and the King of France. Here Edward wore a coat he had specially commissioned. It was made of black satin embroidered in gold and silk thread with the image of a woodbine – a climbing plant, such as ivy and honeysuckle – and bearing the motto in gold lettering Skyer as ye Wodebynd (Clinging like the woodbine). This is the fourth and last of Edward’s known mottoes, and in many ways it is the most mysterious. […] Without further evidence, it is impossible to be certain, but it seems that this motto is Edward’s on comment on himself and his queen: a reflection on his career and the part she has played in his success. She had been the tree around which he had climbed, twisting like ivy. She was like a pillar to him, a source of courage and self-confidence despite his wanderings and adventures, and had been ever since the day they married. His open appreciation of her loyalty and support after more than thirty years is touching, and inclines us to see the kindness and gratitude of the man. But the motto is also interesting in that Edward clearly compares himself to the searching, questioning woodbine. This is apt; since that frightened, lonely boy-king under Mortimer’s dominance, Edward had been feeling his way like the climbing ivy. […] He had always been searching for the way to be a great king, and now that he was one, he realised that it had only been possible due to the consistent and devoted support of Queen Philippa. She had been the strong emotional foundation for his experiment in kingship.

– I. Mortimer, The Perfect King, p. 344.  

For all the children who lived and loved her, Philippa never forgot the dead babies who had gone straight from her arms to heaven: and from the death of little Blanche one notices immediately a more sober gravity in her demeanour, no lack of tenderness to all dependent upon her, but an acceptance of middle age, and an increased determination to fill her days with work and thought for others. Her characteristic Flemish motto, Ich wrude muche (I work hard), seems to have inspired her greatly about this time, and the further sadness brought upon her by the news of her mother’s death worked a good deal of change in Philippa’s mind. In a sense Edward may be said never to have grown up; he remained more or less a boy all his life; but Philippa’s love for him, like that of all good and wise women for the men who adore them, became more and more protective as the years passed on.

– B. C. Hardy, Philippa of Hainault and Her Times, pp. 135-6.  

Do not say anything. I know I’m corny. But… who cares.

Philippa of Hainault + Edward III + personal mottoes

padmea  asked:

July 20th 👀

1346: Birth of  “Margaret of England, a royal princess born in Windsor, the daughter of King Edward III of England and his consort, Philippa of Hainault. Margaret would be the last princess born to a reigning English monarch for over a century, until the birth of Elizabeth of York in 1466.”

1524: Death of Claude of France, wife of Francis I and Queen Consort of France. 

1528: The estimated date for this letter from Henry VIII to Anne Boleyn: 

“The approach of the time for which I have so long waited rejoices me so much, that it seems almost to have come already. However, the entire accomplishment can-not be till the two persons meet, which meeting is more desired by me than anything in this world; for what joy can be greater upon earth than to have the company of her who is dearest to me, knowing likewise that she does the same on her part, the thought of which gives me the greatest pleasure.

Judge what an effect the presence of that person must have on me, whose absence has grieved my heart more than either words or writing can ex-press, and which nothing can cure, but that begging you, my mistress, to tell your father from me, that I de-sire him to hasten the time appointed by two days, that he may be at court before the old term, or, at farthest, on the day prefixed; for otherwise I shall think he will not do the lover’s turn, as he said he would, nor answer my expectation.

No more at present for lack of time, hoping shortly that by word of mouth I shall tell you the rest of the sufferings endured by me from your absence.

Written by the hand of the secretary, who wishes himself at this moment privately with you, and who is, and always will be.

Your loyal and most assured Servant,

H. no other A B seek R.”

1559: Letter from John Knox to Elizabeth I“I pray that your reign may be long, prosperous, and quiet.” 


Favourite royal ladies | Instinctively chosen

  • Berenguela, Queen of Castile and Toledo
  • Maria Palaiologina, the wife of the Mongol ruler Abaqa Khan
  • Leonor of England, Queen of Castile and Toledo
  • Elizabeth of York, Queen of England
  • Isabel Clara Eugenia of Austria, sovereign of the Spanish Netherlands in the Low Countries
  • Isabel of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress
  • Aliénor of Aquitaine, Duchess suo jure of Aquitaine and Queen of England
  • Blanche of Castile, Queen of France
  • Philippa of Hainault, Queen of England
  • Louise of Savoy, Duchess suo jure of Auvergne and Bourbon
  • Nurbanu Sultan, Haseki and Valide Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
  • Lucrezia Tornabuoni
  • Marie de Guise, Queen of Scots
  • Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom 
  • Eleanor of Castile, Queen of England
  • Eugénie de Montijo, Empress of the French

« You are my pearl beyond price, my matchless queen. Edward R. » 

- Anne O’Brien, The Uncrowned Queen

Philippa of Hainault, LG (24 June 1314 – 15 August 1369) was Queen of England as the wife of King Edward III. Edward, Duke of Guyenne, her future husband, promised in 1326 to marry her within the following two years. She was married to Edward, first by proxy, when Edward dispatched the Bishop of Coventry « to marry her in his name » in Valenciennes (second city in importance of the county of Hainaut) in October 1327. The marriage was celebrated formally in York Minster on 24 January 1328, some months after Edward’s accession to the throne of England. In August 1328, he also fixed his wife’s dower.

Philippa acted as regent on several occasions when her husband was away from his kingdom and she often accompanied him on his expeditions to Scotland, France, and Flanders. Philippa won much popularity with the English people for her kindness and compassion, which were demonstrated in 1347 when she successfully persuaded King Edward to spare the lives of the Burghers of Calais. It was this popularity that helped maintain peace in England throughout Edward’s long reign. The eldest of her fourteen children was Edward, the Black Prince, who became a renowned military leader. Philippa died at the age of fifty-five from an illness closely related to dropsy. The Queen’s College, Oxford was founded in her honour.

Most important of all, [Philippa] was temperamentally [Edward’s] ideal companion. She had a sense of humour, loved romances, and displayed a sympathetic understanding of people. Her wedding present for her husband was an illuminated collection of texts for aspiring rulers, including the Book of Julius Caesar and the Government of Kings, and a book of statutes and music, with an illuminated picture of Edward in his favourite pose, holding a falcon: altogether a well-considered gift. 

- Ian Mortimer, The Perfect King: The Life of Edward III, Father of the English Nation, London, Vintage Books, 2006, p. 67.