philip i of castile

10

Top 10 Cruel Monarchs (or with Black legend)

@Neoprusiano
Reina Juana I de Castilla, de Aragón, de Navarra, de Nápoles y de Sicilia
Regina Ioanna I Castellae, Aragoniae, Navarrae, Neapolis et Siciliae
Königin Johanna I. von Kastilien, von Aragón, von Navarra, von Neapel und von Sizilien
Queen Joanna I of Castile, of Aragon, of Navarre, of Naples and of Sicily
Reine Jeanne I de Castille, d'Aragon, de Navarre, de Naples et de Sicile

Rey Felipe I de Castilla y Duque de Borgoña
Rex Philippus I Castellae et Dux Burgundiae
König Philipp I. von Kastilien und Herzog von Burgund
King Philip I of Castile and Duke of Burgundy
Roi Philippe I de Castille et Duc de Bourgogne

Meester van Affligem

7

Joanna I of Castile, Philip the Handsome and their offspring:

  • Eleanor (1498-1558)
  • Charles (1500-1558)
  • Isabella (1501-1526)
  • Ferdinand (1503-1564)
  • Mary (1505-1558)
  • Catherine (1507-1578)
8

The descendants, and daughter-in-law, of Juana I of Castile as portrayed in ‘Carlos Rey Emperador’ with their actual signatures.

T->B: Joanna I of Castile, Emperor Charles V, Eleanor of Austria, Emperor Ferdinand I, Catherine of Austria, Mary of Austria, Philip II, Isabella of Portugal.

Royals from the English, French, and Spanish Courts

7

Royal couples from Isabel TVE 2/2

seasons 2 and 3

1. Alfonso of Portugal & Isabella of Aragon 

2. Charles VIII of France & Anne of Brittany

3. Philip the Handsome & Joanna I of Castile

4. John of Aragon & Margaret of Austria

5. Manuel I of Portugal & Isabella of Aragon

6. Louis XII of France & Anne of Brittany

7. Manuel I of Portugal & María of Aragon

FIRST PART

♛ Poster of the film “La corona partida”  ♛

After the death of Isabel everyone wants to demonstrate that Juana, the rightful heiress, is crazy.

8

Spanish history:

Philip I the Handsome, King of Castile (1478-1506)

Philip of Austria was one of the most coveted European princes. Son of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and Mary, Duchess of Burgundy, born in Bruges in 1478. Before the age of three, Philip was admitted as a member of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Unfortunately his mother, who was apparently fond of stag hunting with a crossbow, died when he was only four in a riding accident. Upon the death of his mother, Philip succeeded to her Burgundian possessions under the guardianship of his father. His education at Mechelen was supervised by his stepgrandmother Margaret of York, the widow of his  grandfather Charles the Rash, Duke of Burgundy. A period of turmoil ensued which witnessed sporadic hostilities between, principally, the large towns of Flanders (especially Ghent and Bruges) and the supporters of Maximilian. 

In 1494, Maximilian relinquished his regency under the terms of the Treaty of Senlis and Philip, aged 16, took over the rule of the Burgundian lands himself, although in practice authority was derived from a council of Burgundian notables. The young Philip was agile, strong, athlete, elegant, handsome, gallant, vain and well educated. He had the titles of Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Limburg and Luxembourg, Count of Flanders,  Habsburg, Hainaut, Holland, Zeeland, Tirol and Artois, and Lord of Antwerp and Mechelen, among other cities.

In 1496, he married Infanta Joanna, daughter of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile. In 1498, as a special distinction, Pope Alexander VI sent Philip a golden rose, which was presented to him at Brussels with great solemnity. Philip’s life with Joanna was rendered extremely unhappy by his infidelity and political insecurity, during which time he constantly attempted to usurp her legal birthrights of power. This led in great part to the rumors of her insanity due to reports of depressive or neurotic acts committed while she was being imprisoned or coerced by her husband, rumors that benefited Philip politically. Most historians now agree she was merely clinically depressed at the time, not insane as commonly believed. The couple had six children.

In 1500 Joanna became the heiress of the Crowns of Castile and Aragon after the deaths of her two older siblings, John and Isabella, and her nephew Miguel de la Paz. To establish her claims, Philip left with her for Spain in November 1501. They passed through France, where king Louis XII arranged splendid festivities in their honour; next, they were hospitably received by John d’Albret, King of Navarre, and they eventually arrived in Spain in May 1502 to receive the homage of the Cortes of Castile and Aragon.   

Early in 1503, Philip set out on his return journey, while Joanna was detained in Spain by her fourth pregnancy. He passed through Savoy, where he was received by his sister Margaret and her second husband, Philibert II of Savoy, and then travelled to Innsbruck to meet his father. In November 1503 he arrived back in the Low Countries, and Joanna returned in the spring of 1504. In 1504 and 1505 Philip undertook a campaign againts Karel van Egmond, Duke of Gelderland, and achieved at least temporary success. Meanwhile his mother-in-law Queen Isabella had died. King Ferdinand II of Aragon endeavoured to lay hands on the regency of Castile, but the nobles, who disliked and feared him, forced him to withdraw. Philip was summoned to Spain, where he was recognised as king. 

However, en route to Spain in January 1506, Philip and Joanna were caught in a tempest and shipwrecked off the Dorset coast, forcing them on shore near Melcombe Regis. The couple stayed as guests of Henry VII of England but were in fact hostages for the duration of their stay. To get released Philip was forced to sign a treaty with Henry VII which included a mutual defence pact, the extradition of rebels, including the Earl of Suffolk who as an exile was a guest of Philip in the Low Countries, and a trade agreement which allowed English merchants to import cloth duty-free into the Low Countries. After handing over Suffolk, Philip and Joanna were allowed to leave England after a stay of six weeks. Joanna saw only two hours to her sister Katherine at Windsor Castle. Having, as a young prince, met Philip the Handsome in the English court, the future King Henry VIII regarded him as providing a model of leadership  towards which he aspired.

Philip landed, with his wife, at A Coruña on 28 April 1506, accompanied by a body of German mercenaries. Ferdinand met Philip at Villafáfila and handed over the government of Castile to his “most beloved children”, promising to retire to Aragon. Philip and Ferdinand then signed a second treaty, agreeing that Joanna’s mental instability made her incapable of ruling and promising to exclude her from government. Ferdinand then proceeded to repudiate the agreement the same afternoon, declaring that Joanna should never be deprived of her rights as Queen Proprietress of Castile. A fortnight later, having come to no fresh agreement with Philip and thus effectively retaining his right to interfere if he considered his daughter’s rights to have been infringed upon, he abandoned Castile for Aragon, leaving Philip to govern in Joanna’s stead.

In September, the couple traveled to the city of Burgos, where, within days, Philip became violently ill, allegedly because he overindulged in various banquets and festivities. Inevitably, because everything happened so swiftly, rumors of poison surfaced. In fact, his high temperature and fever give little clue as to what was wrong with him; in the days before antibiotics, the slightest infection could become life-threatening in a matter of hours. And sickness was rampant in Castile that autumn. Showing no signs of instability and brushing aside concern for her own health — she was five months pregnant at the time— she nursed him selflessly, never leaving his side, doing all she possibly could to save him, and always believing that he would recover. It was to no avail. Six days later, on September 25, Philip died. He was just twenty-eight years old. King Philip I is entombed at the Royal Chapel of Granada alongside his wife, and her parents Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand. 

Raúl Mérida played Philip the Handsome in the third season of  ”Isabel” (2014) and the movie “La Corona Partida” (2016)


Sources:

Contemporaries of Erasmus: A Biographical Register of the Renaissance and Reformation by Peter G. Bietenholz, Thomas Brian Deutscher

Sister Queens: The Noble, Tragic Lives of Katherine of Aragon and Juana, Queen of Castile by Julia Fox

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_I_of_Castile

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joanna_of_Castile