Statue of Prince Rahotep, believed to have been the son of the 4th Dynasty Pharaoh Sneferu (Snefru), and his wife Nofret. Found at Meidum; now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. Photo credit: Djehouty/Wikimedia Commons.
The Red Pyramid, is the largest of the three major pyramids located at the Dahshur necropolis. Named for the rusty reddish hue of its red limestone stones, it is also the third largest Egyptian pyramid, after those of Khufu and Khafra at Giza. It is also believed to be the Egypt’s first successful attempt at constructing a “true” smooth-sided pyramid by Pharaoh Pharaoh Sneferu,. Local residents refer to the Red Pyramid as el-heram el-watwaat, meaning “The Bat Pyramid.”
The Red Pyramid was not always red. It used to be cased with white Tura limestone, but only a few of these stones now remain at the pyramid’s base, at the corner. During the Middle Ages much of the white Tura limestone was taken for buildings in Cairo, revealing the red limestone beneath.