(…) Yüce dağları severim ben. Demir kapısından, Orada yerleştiğimiz viranenin, Bir şey görünürdü karla kaplı, öyle uzak, öyle belirgin; İçini çekerdi ancak insan, Sanki böyle yapmakla Onu içine daha kolay sindirecekti. (…)
Vladimir Vladimiroviç Nabokov
Görsel : Annie Leibovitz - Susan Sontag, Petra - Ürdün, (1990)
Temple of Dushares (Qasr al-bint
Firaun- Palace of Pharaoh’s Daughter)
23 m. high
The monument was built in
the Nabataean period. Most of the blocks are of
yellow sandstone were transported from a quarry a few
hundred meters downstream in the wadi es-Siyagh.
It was in fact the largest place of worship of the city, and
consecrated to the god Dushares, and May also be to the goddess Al-Uzza.
the Roman conquest , it was modified and adapted to the Roman
gods, perhaps to Apollo, and maintained a central position in the city at
the end of the main street (Cardo Maximus)
and in the immediate vicinity of the main Roman temple and of the market.
The temple of Dushares also
has the largest facade in Petra — 4 m wider than the Khazneh and the Great
Temple. It belongs to the Parthian ‘flight’ type of temples with two staircases
giving access to a flat roof. The central interaxial column spacing of this
temple is around 8.00 m, a very impressive span, if one takes into
consideration that the same span in the Artemis temple at Jerash is 'only’ 4.90
m, and in the Hercules temple in Amman it is 5.18 m. Each of the column drums
of the temple must have weighed around 7 tons. The masonry, the craftsmanship
and the ergonomics of its construction indicate that Qasr el-Bint was a very
costly project. Wooden courses inside the masonry secured the elasticity of its
The two lateral chapels (D) had a staircase (E) to reach the top of the temple. The presence of a higher terrace for outdoor religious ceremonies is not proved, however, even if Strabo mentions that the Nabataeans worshiped an altar on the top of the temple. The lateral chapels were to be rooms for the rest of the priests officiating or could be used for ritual banquets.