peru argentina

The Incan Empire included modern-day Peru and Ecuador, and parts of Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina. It was held together by a vast road system connecting the coastal regions to the many valleys the Incans controlled. The terrain is so rough, and their empire so large, that scholars today are not sure exactly how large their road system was! Estimates range from 14,000 to 25,000 miles of road (or 22,500 km and 40,000 km).

Argentina, Brasil, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, México, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Perú, Puerto Rico, República Dominicana, Uruguay, Venezuela. *-*  ¿ De que país eres ?

Spanish-Speaking Countries & the Origin of their Names

Argentina 

  • Argentina comes from the latin word for silver, argentum. The first use of the word appears around the time of when the Spanish conquistadors arrived at the Río de la Plata (River of Silver, Silver River) between Argentina and Uruguay. 

Bolivia 

  • Bolivia comes from the name of a leader during the period of the Spanish American wars for independence, Simón Bolívar. 

Chile

  • The valley of the Aconcagua was called “Chili” by the Incas (according to Diego de Rosales) due to a corruption of the name Tili (a tribal chief). 
  • Another theory is that there was a town or valley called Chili in the Casma Valley in Peru, which has a resemblance to the valley of Aconcagua. 
  • Chile could come from an indigenous word meaning “ends of the earth” or “sea gulls." 
  • From Mapuche, "chilli” meaning “where the land ends." 
  • From Quechua, "chiri” meaning “cold” or “tchili” meaning “snow” or “the deepest point of the Earth." 
  • There is a bird that shouts "chile” when flying; they are in all the valleys from the center of the country to the Southern regions. These birds are called Queltehues or Treiles.

Colombia

  • Colombia is derived from the name Christopher Columbus. 

Costa Rica

  • Costa Rica means “rich coast” in Spanish. Christopher Columbus was given credit for discovering this country and called it Costa Rica because he believed there to be precious metals. 

Cuba

  • Cuba is Taíno for “where fertile land is abundant” (cubao) or “great place” (coabana). 

Dominican Republic 

  • The Dominican Republic shares an island with Haiti. 
  • Before the whole island was called Haiti, the Taíno word for mountainous land. Christopher Columbus comes to the island and renames it Hispaniola, meaning “little Spain” because its beauty was comparable to that of Spain’s. 
  • The French arrive on the island, naming the current-day Haiti St. Domingue and the Spanish refered to the Dominican Republic and Santo Domingo. 
  • After its independence, they renamed it to the Dominican Republic 

Ecuador 

  • Ecuador means “equator” in Spanish, and Ecuador lies on the equator. 

El Salvador 

  • El Salvador means “The Savior” in Spanish. 

Guatemala 

  • Guatemala comes from the Nahuatl word Cuauhtēmallān, which means “place of many trees." 
  • Another theory is that the country’s name is a alteration of the Nahoa word which means "land of the snake-eating bird.”

Honduras

  • Honduras means “depths” in Spanish. It is said that Columbus said, "Gracias a Dios que hemos salido de estas Honduras"(Thank God we have left these depths). 

Mexico

  • The Nahuatl word Mexica means “place of the Mexica” (the Aztecs). 
  • In Nahuatl, a combination of three words creates the meaning similar to “in the navel of the moon” because the position of lakes resembles a rabbit; therefore alluding to the navel of a rabbit. 

Nicaragua

  • At the time of the Spanish arrival in Nicaragua, Nicarao was the current chief of the indigenous tribe. Nicarao, combined with the Spanish word for water (agua) due to it’s geography, makes Nicaragua.
  •  Another theory is that it means “surrounded by water” in an indigenous language. 

Panama 

  • Panama comes from a word of the indigenous language meaning something similar to an “abundance of fish” (due to the country’s geography). 

Paraguay

  • Coming from Guaraní, Paraguay is believed to refer to a river despite many versions of its origin. It means something similar to “river that flows through the sea” (French-Argentine historian Paul Groussac), “river crowned” (Antonio Ruiz de Montoya), or refers either to an indigenous tribe that lived along the river or a chief named Paraguaio (Félix de Azara). 

Peru

  • The original name of Peru was Birú, Birú being the name of a ruler who lived close to the Bay of San Miguel, Panama. He was visited by Spanish explores where, at the time, was the southernmost region of the New World. 
  • When Francisco Pizarro arrived in Peru, he asked locals the name of the place. Their answer was “Viru” because of the Viru River in northern Peru (where the Spanish arrived). Instead, they heard “Peru” and since that moment, Pizarro called the land Cusco Peru. 

Puerto Rico 

  • Puerto Rico was originally called San Juan Bautista by Christopher Columbus, after the Catholic saint, Saint John the Baptist, while the capital was called the Ciudad de Puerto Rico. As time went on, gold was found in the river and the country began to be referred to as Puerto Rico. 

Spain

  • España (Spain) comes from the Roman name Hispania, though the origins of this word are unknown. 
  • Hispania could have stemmed from the Greek word Hesperia, which poetically means “western land” or “land of the setting sun” (in reference to Italy), which would then make Spain (further west) Hesperia ultima
  • Antonio de Nebrija (Renaissance) thought that Hispania is derived from the word Hispalis, which means “city of the western world.”
  • Another theory is that it comes from I-Shpania (Punic), meaning something similar to “land of rabbits” because the Roman coins were adorned with a female figure with a rabbit. 

Uruguay 

  • Uruguay is a Guaraní word, which means “river of shellfish” or “river the uru birds come from." 

Venezuela 

  • The indigenous people living in Venezuela during the 1500s built their living quarters on stilts over places like Lake Maracaibo; this reminded a Spanish explorer of Venice (Italy), in which the name Venezuela means "little Venice.”  
  • From the same place in the Maracaibo Lake, the indigenous community that lived there already had a name for the land, Veneçiuela, which meant agua grande (big waters). The Spanish spread that around and assumed that it was the name.

Please correct me if any of these are incorrect! Some of these have multiple histories and I have no way of knowing which one is correct. 

The origins for some of the countries are difficult to find or too fuzzy in my opinion to write it down, but I tried to provide an explanation for the meaning (e.g. El Salvador, Honduras, etc.)

Durante mi recorrido de mochilazo por Sudamérica descubrí... por Quetzal Noah

·         Que en Bogotá puedes beber en la calle y los estudiantes se adueñan de las plazas al salir de clases.

·         Que si vas a Cali y preguntas una dirección la gente te acompaña para que no te pierdas.

·         Los pasajes en Ecuador son los más baratos ya que los buses te cobran un dólar por hora de camino

·         Lima es una ciudad casi surrealista

·         Si hay algo que envidiarle a los peruanos es su cocina

·         Jamás vi tantos tipos de papa como en Perú

·         En Bolivia la gente en su mayoría es indígena y sumamente respetuosa

·         La Paz es una ciudad entre cerros y debido a su altura en vez de tener metro hay teleférico.

·         Caminar por el salar de Oyuni es como estar en un desierto blanco

·         Chile es el país con el mejor nivel de vida de América Latina, sin embargo, tienen el índice de depresión más alto del continente, te dan licencia de trabajo si sufres depresión (Qué chido eso de estar deprimido y que te sigan pagando aunque no vayas a trabajar)

·         La manera de hablar de los chilenos bien podría considerarse como otro idioma

·         Santiago que es la capital de Chile parece cualquier otra ciudad de Estados Unidos

·         Chile es el país con la tasa de infidelidad más alta de América Latina

·         Los chilenos toman mucho y su vino aparte de ser bueno también es barato

·         Los chilenos toman fanta con cerveza y le llaman Fanchop

·         Desayunar tres huevos con un café en Chile te sale casi en 5 dólares

·         La gente del sur de argentina es súper relajada

·         En Argentina la educación es gratis, si eres extranjero también puedes estudiar sin ningún problema.

·         En vez de tortillas en Argentina, Chile y Uruguay ponen a calentar pan

·         Argentina es el país con más cerveza artesanal de toda América

·         En Argentina te enamoras cada diez segundos porque sus mujeres son hermosas casi uno cree estar en Guadalajara

·         Los argentinos casi todo el día toman mate (un té que se sirve en un frasco con una boquilla de metal y se comparte para platicar)

·         Estar en Argentina y ver bailar a la gente tango o chacareras es un orgasmo visual

·         En Argentina los hombres se saludan de beso en la mejilla (yo me sentí raro pero me adapté rápido)

·         Los argentinos se sorprenden y les gusta que les toquen música mexicana ya sea rancheras y corridos

·         Los argentinos son muy nocturnos, pueden desvelarse toda la semana y andar en sus labores como si nada, para ellos es completamente normal. Es como si en Argentina todos los días fuera sábado.

·         En Argentina las parejas  alrededor de los 20 se van a vivir juntos

·         Los argentinos son las personas con mayor índice de lectura

·         Casi en toda Sudamérica la gente ha visto el Chavo del 8

·         Las cervezas mexicanas que más se consumen acá son la Corona y la Sol (Sí, la Sol,los mexicanos casi ni la bebemos esa)

·         El peso argentino y el mexicano cuestan casi lo mismo

·         Chile, Argentina y Perú tienen mejores salarios que México.