perforated fabric

Happiness Spell Jar

This spell is to bring happiness and joy to the caster and those around them.

You will need:
○ A small glass jar
○ Gauze or some other perforated fabric
○ Yellow string/ribbon
○ Any stone or crystal associated with happiness (sunstone, citrine, rose quartz, agate, aventurine, etc.)
○ Any [dried] herbs associated with happiness (lemon balm, St. John’s wort, calendula, anise, bluebell, etc.)
○ Any oils associated with happiness (see herbs)
○ Sugar
○ A picture of something that makes you happy (can be printed from the web; this will be FOLDED)

1. Mix herbs together, imagining a very happy moment in your life and putting that feeling into the herbs. Have enough to cover the bottom, you can use more if you like. Put the mixture in the jar.

2. Gently place stones/crystals in the jar. Visualize the good energy from them bouncing around inside the jar. You can sprinkle herbs on top if you want.

3. Fold up the picture into a small square an put a drop of your chosen oil onto it. Place it in the jar.

4. Put two or three drops of oil into the jar, imagining the scent starting to fill it.

5. Sprinkle a decent amount of sugar into the jar, imagining the sweetness it gives.

6. Tape the gauze/fabric over the opening. Tie your string/ribbon around the jar, and as you do, say: “The materials in this jar will spread their joyful energies to myself and those around me, bringing smiles and laughter. For the good of all, harming none, this is my will, so it is done.“

7. Place in an area that gets a lot of traffic, like your home living room, or the lobby at your workplace. You can also place it on your desk or windowsill.

Keep this until you feel it needs to be re-done, most likely in a few months. You can re-use the crystals (charge them) and the picture. The herbs, sugar, and oil need to be replaced.


It’s FRIDAY FASHION FACT! Normally in these posts, I focus on a specific fashion trend. But today I’m taking a step back and discussing an era as a whole. Elizabethan fashion is incredibly distinct and iconic. When you mention fashion history to someone, Elizabethan dress is often one of the first things they think of. This is thanks in no small part to the infamous monarch herself and thriving empire she ruled, and, of course, Shakespeare. But how did such a unique fashion come into existence? Let’s break it down piece by piece.

First of all, it is important to note that all the trends I discuss today were popular for both men and women. It will come as no shock when I tell you that just about every piece of Elizabethan fashion developed out of a desire to show off personal wealth and status. Just like nearly every other fashion trend throughout history (particularly pre-20th Century.) The most iconic piece of Elizabethan fashion is without a doubt the ruff, but since I did a separate post on that a while back (read here) I’m going to skip over it today. 

The base of the opulent Elizabethan look was the fabric itself. Heavy silk brocades and velvets were the preferred style, and by far the most expensive. Silk, which was expensive to start with because of how it is made, had an added expense in England because it had to be imported. In fact, the queen complained that too much money was leaving the land to purchase fine fabrics abroad. Velvet needed more silk to create it due to it’s pile (thickness) adding more to its cost. To make these already expensive fabrics even more costly, they were often covered in intricate embroidery, all done by hand, often using precious metal thread. Further embellishment was added with beading, for which using real pearls was highly desired. 

These luxurious fabrics and elaborations needed a vast canvas to be displayed upon. Sleeves became larger, skirts became wider, hose (men’s trousers) became fuller. Additionally, layers of clothing became fashionable, meaning even more fine fabrics. This brings us to the next major trend in Elizabethan fashion- slashing. As I have mentioned in past posts, due to the high cost of textiles, clothing would often be altered and remade over and over to save on costs. However, if only small strips of fabric were left, they could not be remade. Sleeves and hose would commonly be made out of narrow panels, while petticoats and doublets would be decoratively cut and slashed, almost perforated. This rendered the fabric difficult to reuse, showing that the wearer was wealthy enough to always purchase new. Additionally, all of these gaps in garments allowed for the fabric beneath to be shown off.

The final iconic aspect of Elizabethan dress was padding. Women would wear padded rolls at their shoulders. These prominent accents would be bedecked in embellishments such as ribbons, beading, and even jewels. More padding was added around their hips, offsetting their long, conical bodices. Even men got in on the padding trend, adding thickness to their stomachs in a style known as the peascod belly. That’s right, Elizabethans were way ahead of the dad-bod trend (of course, in this instance it was more about showing that they had the ability to eat well.) All of this was in addition to the puffed-out sleeves.

This extreme fullness and the incredibly heavy fashions would fade out of fashion over the next several decades, however showing off wealth remained just as popular. It was merely done in a more delicate manor. Yet it is that bold, heavy look which makes Elizabethan fashion so iconic.

Have a question about fashion history that you want answered in the next FRIDAY FASHION FACT? Just click the ASK button at the top of the page!