peningar

Lærðu Íslensku í 200 orðum - Learn Icelandic in 200 words

First of all, we would like to thank funwithlanguages for this great idea, but mainly for letting people participate in such an interesting activity!

Verbs

  1. be - vera/vertu/verið þið
  2. there is - það er
  3. have - hafa
  4. do - gera
  5. create (aka “make”) - skapa
  6. cause (aka “make”) - valda
  7. go - fara
  8. say - segja
  9. speak - tala
  10. know - vita
  11. think - hugsa
  12. want - vilja
  13. like - líka
  14. can - get
  15. need - þörf
  16. should - ætti
  17. try - reyna
  18. feel - finna
  19. work (also as a noun) - vinna
  20. learn - læra
  21. understand - skilja
  22. get (meaning “obtain”) - fá
  23. use - nota
  24. start - byrja
  25. eat - borða
  26. see - sjá
  27. write - skrifa
  28. give - gefa
  29. sleep - sofa
  30. buy - kaupa
  31. decide - ákveða
  32. find - finna
  33. ask - spyrja
  34. meet (meaning to meet someone for the first time) - kynnast
  35. meet (meaning “meet up with”) - hitta
  36. take - taka

Phrases

  1. hello - hæ/halló
  2. goodbye - bæ/bless
  3. “Nice to meet you.” - gaman að kynnast þér
  4. yes - já
  5. no - nei
  6. okay - allt í lagi
  7. please - uh, vikings are not known for being polite, so “please” is not used, as it is in English.
  8. thank you - takk
  9. you’re welcome - verði þér að góðu
  10. sorry - fyrirgefðu
  11. excuse me (to catch someone’s attention) - afsakaðu
  12. well (as in “Well, I think that…”) - jæja
  13. Really? - í alvöru?

Conjunctions

  1. that (as in “I think that…” or “the woman that…”) - að/sem
  2. and - og
  3. or - eða
  4. but - en
  5. though - þó
  6. because - því að
  7. therefore - þess vegna
  8. if - ef

Prepositions

  1. before (also as a conjunction) - fyrir/á undan/áður
    after (also as a conjunction) - eftir á
  2. of - af
  3. from - frá
    to - til
  4. in - í
  5. at (place) - hjá
  6. at (time) - klukkan
  7. with - með
  8. about - um
  9. like (meaning “similar to”) - eins og
  10. for (warning, this one has several meanings that you need to take care of) - fyrir/handa

Adjectives and adverbs

  1. a lot - margt/mikið
    a little - smávegis
  2. good / well - gott/vel
    bad / badly - vont/slæmt/illilega
  3. more (know how to say “more … than”) - meira
    better (often irregular and not just “more good”) - betra
  4. most - mest
  5. enough - nóg
  6. even (as in “this could even be”) - jafnvel (þetta gæti jafnvel verið)
  7. right - rétt
    wrong - vitlaust

Adjectives

  1. the, a (technically articles) - Icelandic has those articles integrated in the words, it’s complicated.
  2. this (also as a noun) - þetta
    that (also as a noun) - þetta/það
  3. all - allt
    some - eitthvað/sum
    no - ekkert/enginn
  4. other - annar
  5. any - einhver
  6. easy - auðvelt
    hard - hart
  7. early - snemma
    late - seint
  8. important - mikilvægt/áriðandi
  9. cool (as in “that’s cool”) - flott
  10. same - sami
  11. different - öðruvísi
  12. beautiful - fallegt

Adverbs

  1. very - mjög
  2. too (as in “too much”) - of
  3. also - líka/einnig
  4. only - einungis/bara
  5. now - núna
  6. here - hér
  7. maybe - kannski/mögulega
  8. always - alltaf/ætíð
    often - oft
    sometimes - stundum
    never - aldrei
  9. today (also as a noun) - í dag
    yesterday - í gær
    tomorrow - á morgun
  10. almost - næstum því
  11. still - enn/ennþá
  12. already - nú þegar

Nouns

  1. thing - hlutur
  2. person - manneskja
  3. place - staður
  4. everything - allt
    something - eitthvað
    nothing - ekkert
  5. time (as in “a long time”) - tími (langur tími/langt síðan)
  6. times (as in “I did it 3 times”) - sinnum
  7. friend - vinur
  8. mother, father, parent - móðir, faðir, foreldri
  9. daughter, son, child - dóttir, sonur, barn
  10. wife, husband - eiginkona/kona, eiginmaður/maður
  11. girlfriend, boyfriend - kærasta, kærasti
  12. breakfast - morgunmatur
  13. lunch - hádegismatur
  14. dinner - kvöldmatur
  15. money - peningar/peningur
  16. day - dagur
  17. year - ár
  18. hour - klukkutímí
  19. week - vika
  20. house - hús
  21. office - skrifstofa
  22. language - tungumál
  23. name - nafn
  24. word - orð
  25. company - fyrirtæki
  26. Internet - alheimsvefurinn

Question Words

  1. who - hver
  2. what - hvað
  3. where - hvar
  4. when - hvenær
  5. why - af hverju
  6. how - hvernig
  7. how much - hversu mikið

Pronouns

  1. I - ég
  2. you - þú
  3. she, he - hún, hann
  4. it - það
  5. we - við
  6. you (plural) - þið
  7. they - þau
  8. they are (as in “those people”) - þau eru
  9. they are (as in “those guys”) - þeir eru
  10. they are (as in “these girls”) - þær eru