Red-naped Ibis (Pseudibis papillosa)

Also known as the Indian Black Ibis, or simply as the Black Ibis, the red-naped ibis is a dark species of ibis (Threskiornithidae) that is widely distributed in the plains of the Indian Subcontinent. Red-naped ibises are typically encountered near lakes, marshes, riverbeds and even irrigated farmlands. They are a gregarious species, generally foraging on the margins of wetlands for various small vertebrates, grains, and various invertebrates. 


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Image: J.M.Garg

Stripe-backed Bittern (Ixobrychus involucris)

…a small species of Ixobrychus bittern which is distributed in large patches across South America. It occurs in Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana and the island of Trinidad to the north and Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina, Chile and Brazil to the south. Like other Ixobrychus bitterns, the stripe-backed bittern will inhabit reed beds and sedge where it will feed on small fish, crustaceans and insects. Stripe-backed bitterns are secretive and solitary doing most of their feeding at night. 


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Image: viviremco

White-necked Heron (Ardea pacifica)

Also known as the Pacific heron, the white-necked heron is a species of heron (Ardeidae) which is native to New Guinea and Australia. Like other heron species white-necked herons typically inhabit wet areas like freshwater wetlands, and wet grasslands, where they will feed on fish, frogs, insects, and occasionally reptiles. 


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Image: Wayne Butterworth


Lava Heron (Butorides sundevalli)

Also known as the Galapagos Heron, the lava heron is a species of heron (Ardeidae) which as evidenced by its common name is endemic to the Galapagos Islands. It earns its other common name due to its gray coloration which helps it blend into its hardened lava background. Lava herons usually inhabit intertidal zones and mangrove groves where they will catch fish and crabs by spearing them.


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Images: Benjamint444 and punteymark

Japanese Night Heron (Gorsachius goisagi) of the species of “Night Herons” which breeds in Japan, and winters in the Philippines and Indonesia. They are also known to spring and summer in parts of the Korea Peninsula and Russia. Japanese night herons typically inhabit dense, damp forests near some body of water.

Currently Gorsachius goisagi is listed as Endangered by the IUCN, due to threats including deforestation and the introduction of predators like the Siberian Weasel. 


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Image: Ken

Black Bittern (Ixobrychus flavicollis)

…a species of Ixobrychus bittern (a secretive group of herons) which breeds in tropical Asia, ranging from Bangladesh, Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka east to China, Indonesia, and Australia. Like other bitterns in the genus Ixobrychus black bitterns are typically seen in reed beds where they will sulk undtectable through the reeds, feeding frogs, fish, crustaceans and insects which are caught in typical heron fashion (spearing them with their bill)


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Image: Nabarunsadhya

Fasciated Tiger Heron (Tigrisoma fasciatum)

…a species of heron (Ardeidae) which is known to occur from Costa Rica into northwestern Argentina and southeastern Brazil. Fasciated tiger herons are typically encountered in foothills, along rocky quick-moving streams, where they will feed on a range of fish which are speared via their sharp bills. Where T. fasciatum occurs with the related Tigrisoma lineatum it will generally be found at higher elevations than where it occurs by itself. 


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Image: jquental

Great-billed Heron (Ardea sumatrana)

…a large species of heron (Ardeidae) that is occurs throughout southeast Asia, Papua New Guinea and parts of Australia. Great-billed herons typically inhabit coastal areas like islands, coral reefs, mangroves, rivers, and occasionally inland lakes. Like other large herons great-billed herons will feed in shallow water and will spear fish with is sharp bill.


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Image: jacobusmulder