peasants' war

AP EURO SUMMARY PART 1

oh boy so the test is ON FRIDAY and like everyone else, i am freaking out

so here’s a VERY BASIC timeline of main events in European History, for myself and anyone else on tumblr dying inside. I’m going to upload two units at a time(our class went by ten units) so here’s the first two! expect more tonight.

feel free to add anything i missed or made a mistake on!!

THE RENAISSANCE

When? Beginning of 1400′s to the late 1500′s. Remember, the northern renaissance started later.

Why? Italy had a strong city state government, and was rich from trade in mainly Venice. In Florence, the Medici family ruled, and was rich enough to afford to commission art. Population has decreased from the plague, leaving an opportunity for more employment. The decline of the church (Avignon Papacy) led the way for secularist ideas.

Art? Focused less on religion and more on the person, in portraits. Use of perspective and color to show a more realistic world, as well as anatomical studies.

Humanism? Fathered by Petrarch, study of Greek and roman literature, and study of grammar, history, poetry, and philosophy. 

People? Writers - Machiavelli, Lorenzo, Boccaccio \ Artists - Donatello,  Raphael, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo. You could spend weeks studying renaissance people, these are just the ones I remember seeing most.

Northern Renaissance? In France, Holland, and Germany. Focused more on Catholicism and on the baroque style.

Affects - Art changed forever, artists have famous status, paved the way for the scientific revolution/enlightenment and the reformation.

THE REFORMATION

When? 1517, as a result of the 95 theses, but the Catholic church had started reforming since the Avignon Papacy to clean up their act.

Why? The Renaissance had allowed for some secularist ideas to emerge, and Martin Luther’s refute against the selling of indulgences started it. The Gutenberg printing press allowed the bible to be interpreted by people other than the pope and the few who spoke Latin.

People? Reformers - Martin Luther, Calvin, Zwingli // Leaders - Charles V, Henry VIII, Elizabeth I, The Henry’s in the War of the three Henry’s, Frederick William The Elector, Gustavus Adolphus.

Events? Establishing of the Anglican Church, The peasant wars in Germany, St. Bartholomew’s massacre, Diet of Worms and Council of Trent, Peace of Augsburg.

Thirty Years War? Begins with defenestration of Prague, starts Bohemia phase, Then Danish, Swedish, International/French. Whether Catholics or protestants won each phase isn’t important. Just know that the french joined to weaken Germany, the Holy Roman Empire was in ruins and had less power, and the Treaty of Westphalia ended it and all wars of Religion.

Affects - Protestantism, Break from the Church, no more religious wars, balance of power shifts.

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hope this will help! ;u;

“Clone Wars is stupid!”

“Rebels is stupid!”

“Ahsoka’s a stupid character!”

“Kanera will never happen!”

“The space family headcanon is stupid!”

“Hera’s not even a good pilot!”

“Kanan is a horrible Jedi!”

“Ezra’s not even attractive!”

4

Reds and Whites Soviet porcelain chess set - State Porcelain Manufactory, Leningrad, circa 1925.

Representing the two sides in Russia’s bitter civil war that followed the 1917 Revolution, this chess set is a classic example of the winners writing the history books. The red pieces are workers, peasants, Red Army soldiers, noble and proud; the white pieces are oppressors and oppressed, haughty Imperial officers, a rich noblewoman, enslaved peasants in chains, all ruled over by a laughing skeleton king.

Though made in a people’s factory, this was hardly the people’s chess set; it retailed for the equivalent of ten months’ salary for the workers who crafted it.

anonymous asked:

Was disarming (banning the owning/carrying of weapons) the commoner-class an actually policy in the middle ages? I see it in other fantasy works, and it seems strange to disarm men you are very likely to be calling on to fight for you.

Depends very much on the time and place, and whether the establishment saw armed peasants as a military asset or a threat to the social hierarchy.. 

For example, the English monarchy did the opposite - the Assize of Arms of 1182 and 1252 made it a legal obligation for all adult men to own and maintain arms and armor (with the longbow as a minimum requirement by the latter law) so that they could be called up to fight for the King (with the exception of Jews, who were commanded to sell their arms and armor), and Edward III’s decree of 1363 required all adult men to practice archery. 

By contrast, in the 15th century, it was illegal for peasants to carry weapons without royal permission in Sweden, following a revolt against the Union of Kalmar. In Germany following the Great Peasants War, many jurisdictions banned large numbers of former rebels (sometimes entire communities) from owning weapons. In Japan, the famous “sword hunts” of Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi disarmed the peasantry, especially the largely peasant warrior-monks who had so threatened the power of the samurai. 

  • Peasant: Star Wars: The Clone Wars is a kids show.
  • Me: Why do you say that?
  • Peasant: Because it's animated!
  • Me: Well, Family Guy is animated. I don't hear anyone arguing about how Family Guy is a kids show.
Chapter 3 Theories

So the newest chapter of VnC proved to be another eventful chapter with the introduction of Luca and his faithful servant, Jeanne, the so-called “Hellfire Witch”. While the other characters also interest me, this post will mainly focus of Jeanne and her namesake, Saint Jeanne d'Arc (alternatively known as Joan of Arc).

It is no coincidence that Jeanne shares her name with the said saint. Vanitas even alludes to the fact in Chapter 3. (It should also be noted that despite Vanitas using the term “saint”, Jeanne d'Arc was not officially canonized as a saint until 1925, which is after the given time period of VnC…)

Long story short, Jeanne d'Arc was a French peasant girl turned war hero, and later martyr during the events of the Hundred Years’ War which took place from 1337 to 1453.

Of course, as VnC takes place in the 1800s, its events occur well afterwards. However, Vanitas does refer to another war that took place in the canon of VnC, although not much has been revealed about it yet other than it taking place “long ago” and involving a conflict between humans and vampires. Jeanne is described as a bourreau or executioner who single-handedly took down a thousand vampires with her crimson gauntlet, “Carpe Diem”.

Although there is not enough evidence available yet to suggest such, it is possible that these two wars are actually the very same war, with Vanitas merely referring to the other vampire/supernatural side of it. Given the setting and time period, wouldn’t it be interesting if Mochizuki were to incorporate historical events into the story?

Lastly, Jeanne’s very nickname may be a not so subtle allusion to the saint baring the same name. Jeanne d'Arc was charged with including heresy, cross-dressing, and witchcraft among others and was executed by means of burning at the stake. Ironically enough, Jeanne is referred to as “the Hellfire Witch”…

This is pure speculation on my part and is quite a stretch, but perhaps, Jeanne is the Joan of Arc? With the given location, this wouldn’t be surprising, and her being a vampire would explain how she has lived for over 400 years. We still don’t know how vampires are “born” or whether they are former humans or a species of their own, but wouldn’t it be amazing if we were to have a character who is such a legendary figure? Hopefully, we’ll get some answers next time and let’s all look forward to Chapter 4!

Imagine living on Asgard as a peasant. There is a huge battle/war in one of the realms which Loki and Thor lead troops to fight in. After the brothers return home victorious, there is a massive parade for their march back to the palace.

You’re standing in the crowd cheering with everyone else. In a spur of the moment, Loki turns to a random girl - you - and kisses you. The two of you both feel sparks and he hesitates a moment before pulling away. He searches your eyes and sees that you felt something too. Before either of you can say anything though, Thor grabs Loki to continue the victory march back to the palace and formally tell Odin the good news. However, Loki is unable to get you out of his mind. After several days of immense distraction, he hunts you down to find out more about you.