peace-agreements

28. Zuko was devastated when he was told of the extent of Azula’s mental illness. He asked the 4 nations to sign a treaty ensuring that in the event of war, no child under the age of 18 be allowed to participate in any way, shape or form, regardless of political station. It was one of the only things the countries readily agreed on and ratified immediately. In the Fire Nation, the treaty was called Azula's Law.

Got headcanons about the Avatar series? Send ‘em our way!

I don’t think he would do this just for Azula’s sake - he and the Gaang would have plenty of nightmares about the war even well into their adulthood. I mean you don’t just fight in a war and come out unscathed. He and the Gaang would have wanted to make sure that no other child would have to suffer the way they did.

The Earth Kingdom would have been pretty pissed about Azula but once they realised that she was only 15 and mentally unstable, Zuko would have been able to calm them down and get her proper treatment.

samstevebucky week day 2 – aus 

ah but what about an alien au? humanity has made contact with multiple aliens, and earth society is slowly integrating into one that hosts human and alien alike.

sam’s from the planet that has agreed to be called iberis – sam’s language doesn’t fit the limited capacity of human vocal cords nor the single cord of those from vopall – and he’d hopped on a ship the moment peace treaties and passage agreements between earth and iberis had been ratified. studying earth first hand and learning about the plants in person is infinitely better than waiting for reports about them to start coming through. 

the earth sun is hotter than back home, so sam has to shield his flora buds and skin from its rays when he goes out. he’s taken to carrying around an “umbrella.” he visits flower shops and is surprised by how many plants are killed for simple display purposes. it’s…shocking. but he notes all the different variants and notes how much stronger these smell than his homeworld flowers. he visits fields, and zoos, and aquariums, and travels earth. all the smells are so much; he loves it. 

when sam meets steve, it’s in the human city of washington dc; he’s visiting the botanic garden. steve flirts with him, and sam tries to flirt back. it’s one of humanity’s stranger customs, but sam’s nothing if not adaptable. from the looks he’s receiving, he’s doing it right. 

steve walks with him until sam declares that it is time for him to leave. he has to water his buds and eat. he gets a nod in return to his statement, and then steve offers him a ride to his residence. smiling, sam accepts the offer. there’s another human resting upon steve’s vehicle when they approach, and steve explains it’s his friend bucky. nodding, sam gets into the car. 

sam keeps in contact with steve and bucky as he continues exploring earth’s gardens, using a cell phone. they’re less advanced than the multiple communications devices of home, but it works. he talks to steve in the mornings and bucky in the evening, and through the day he sends them pictures of the plants he sees with their names typed out underneath. bucky sends him pictures of poorly designed baked goods – bucky assures him despite their sloppiness they taste good – and steve sends him pictures of dogs. sam wonders where steve keeps getting them, but he doesn’t ask. 

the next time he sees steve in person, steve gapes at him. his face also turns an alarming shade of red. confused, sam tells him it’s him. that gets an awkward laugh before steve tells him that he knew that, he’s just surprised because sam has flowers all over him. blinking, sam explains that his buds had bloomed shortly after he left washington dc and they’ll stay for about another earth month before the petals fall and his buds regenerate. 

bucky, when sam sees him, grins at him and tells him his flowers are a good look. sam thanks him and lets bucky trail his fingers along a yellow petal. bucky grins in steve’s direction, but sam doesn’t understand why. 

they take sam to dinner after he waters his flowers, a burger “joint” that bucky swears by. the food is messy to eat, but the drinks are fantastic. they talk and monopolize the table for what sam thinks is longer than polite, but he can’t help the smile on his face that stays the whole time. 

as they’re walking back to steve’s vehicle, however, steve’s shoulder turn into an awkward hunch. bucky’s smile gets softer. sam doesn’t have a clue what happened. he hasn’t said anything or moved any differently. 

steve “asks him out.” confused, sam tells him that he doesn’t know that human phrase. both steve and bucky let out huffs before bucky tries to explain that they’re asking if sam’s interested in dating them. sam says he thought they already were; he’s kept in contact near daily with them, and he’s let bucky touch his flowers.

we built this town on shaky ground

requested by @queenelizabeth2478

johnkay AU in which murphy has to take care of a grounder after a bombing, and that grounder happens to be 10k

if people like it ill make more chapters if not we never speak of it


The grounders and the sky people have an agreement. A peaceful one, for the time being. No one kills anyone, and they keep their distance. Some trading goes on, but the contact is minimal. The sky people know their boundaries, and the grounders know theirs.
Until Mount Weather launches a bomb that lands in a small grounder village. Only 5 or 6 grounders survive, and the helpless members bring them to the drop ship. They all know what Clarke did with Jasper. What she’s done with others. They brought them, and Clarke agreed to help, much to the annoyance of some of the other delinquents.
John Murphy never expected to get drafted for grounder babysitting duty. He hates the job that he has, but this, this is so much worse.

Keep reading

thinkprogress.org
A Colombian Torture Survivor Weighs In On The Nation’s Historic Peace Deal – ThinkProgress
What the agreement means both the victims and perpetrators of the war.
By Alice Ollstein

This week, the Colombian government signed a landmark peace deal with the country’s largest armed guerrilla group, bringing a formal end to a bloody conflict that has last more than half a century and claimed hundreds of thousands of lives.

The peace agreement was forged over four years in Havana, Cuba, where the leaders of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the Juan Manuel Santos administration decided when the FARC will lay down their arms, who will be held accountable for war crimes on both sides, how victims will be compensated, and when former guerrilla leaders will have the right to run for office. Now the deal is up for a vote by the entire Colombian people on October 2.

Actor and activist Hector Aristizábal is one of millions of Colombians whose life has been shaped by the 52–year internal armed conflict. When he was a student at Antioquia University in the late 1980s, he was kidnapped and tortured by the Colombian military, who falsely accused him of being a FARC sympathizer. He was waterboarded, electrocuted, beaten, and deprived of food, water, and sleep. Thanks to an international human rights group who demanded to know his whereabouts, he was released, but ongoing death threats forced him to flee to the United States.

After decades learning to process his own trauma through theater and teaching others to do the same, he returned to Colombia this year, and began working with the government and victims across the country on achieving reconciliation.

Aristizábal spoke to ThinkProgress over Skype from his hometown of Medellín about what struggles remain for the country, how the U.S. should be held accountable for its role in the conflict, and why some Colombians vehemently oppose the peace deal.

As someone who has lost friends and family and was driven into exile by the conflict, how did you feel on Wednesday when the news broke that a peace deal had been reached?

We were all very excited. There was a lot of celebration, even though it was hard to believe, since this was the fifth or sixth attempt at peace negotiations. But this one has really been different, there has really been a commitment from both the government and the FARC. And it has been one of the most inclusive peace processes in history. Victims of both the guerrilla and the military have flown to Havana, thousands of them, to tell their stories and express their concerns.

But I don’t think the conflict is going to end, because the conditions that generate the violence — the inequality — will continue. At least we hope it will end the armed conflict, and instead create a democratic conversation.

How have you been involved in the peace process?

For the last six months I’ve been working with psycho-social teams in the areas most affected by the war, teaching them how to use theater and design healing rituals. Last year, I accompanied a process where the FARC asked forgiveness from a community in the Chocó region where they committed one of the worst massacres, where they threw a bomb into a church and killed 114 people. It was a very somber and beautiful ceremony, and it showed there is a commitment to really turn the page.

“The peace process cannot really be signed on a piece of paper in Havana between the guerrilla and the government. It has to be signed in the hearts of people.”

I just participated in a theater project where we had five civilians, five ex-paramilitaries, five guerrillas, and five military people. We asked them, “What will it take to reconcile?” It’s going to become a play.

This is the kind of healing we need we need to engage in. The peace process cannot really be signed on a piece of paper in Havana between the guerrilla and the government. It has to be signed in the hearts of people. That’s the work we civilians need to do. That’s why I’m back here, because it’s a historic moment in which we all need to participate.

Will you and other torture survivors have a seat at the table when the Truth and Reconciliation Commission begins?

I hope so. There are more than a million of us dispersed everywhere in the world, mostly in Europe. Those of us who are direct victims of the war — and really, everyone is a victim except maybe the arms and drug dealers who benefited — we want to have a role.

I personally feel like I’ve been preparing for this moment for 25 years. I’ve participated in peace and healing processes in Northern Ireland, Palestine, Rwanda, Guatemala and El Salvador.

I’ve been training myself to come back and work with the paramilitaries who killed my brother, the military who tortured me, and with the guerrilla who I felt betrayed their ideals of a more just society and became an armed group that used kidnapping and drugs and the destruction of the environment. I have come to understand that all of these people are Colombians, and most members of these groups were peasants and had very little choice — it was the only source of employment in many places — and they were indoctrinated since they were very little. It doesn’t justify what they’ve done, but we have to feel their suffering too.

“The country is not afraid of peace, it’s afraid of the truth.”

But I’ve always said that the country is not afraid of peace, it’s afraid of the truth. The government does not want to face the fact that more than 70 percent of the more than 2,000 massacres that have been committed over the last 34 years have been committed by the paramilitaries, not by the guerrillas. And more have been committed by the military itself, under the watch of the United States and with the support of the United States. So we really need to look at what we as a society have allowed to occur, and reweave the social tissue that has been broken by war.

What questions or doubts do you have going forward?

What is clear for me going to these communities is that all reparations are symbolic. No one can bring back the 45,000 people who were disappeared, assumed dead or dumped in mass grass. Even the five to seven million people who have been displaced from their lands, we don’t know how many of can return to their land and recuperate what they had before.

But we will have a Truth and Reconciliation Commission and that is where the international community will have a very important role to play. There have been peace processes before that were never fully completed, in part due to lack of funds. It’s interesting that there are always plenty of funds for war. The U.S. has sent weapons and helicopters and ammunition and training, etc. Our military is one of the best-trained militaries in the continent, and I ask, what will be the use of that military once the internal conflict is resolved? Will it be used to attack other countries, or will it protect and provide security for all of us?

Another big question is, since there will be a lot more foreign investment in the country if the peace plan passes, does that mean mining companies will be taking over the few pristine places we have left in Colombia? We may have a lot we have to protect going forward. But we really need that investment, because in many areas there are still no roads, and no means of communication. Places where the only source of income is the growing of coca, and where the only government presence has been the military.

So now that the government won’t be able to blame the guerrillas as the sole source of evils and difficulties in the country, I hope we’ll be able to really look at all the contradictions and social inequalities that exist in our country and make sure the conditions that generated the war can really change.

All of Colombia will get to vote on the deal on October 2. What happens if it passes?

The United Nations will oversee the first 180 days of the process. The remaining guerrillas will move into 23 zones around the country and give up their weapons. The zones will be surrounded by the military to protect them, because we know from the past that they will be at risk of assassination from the paramilitary groups that have reorganized. They have already sent communications saying, “We are going to kill all these Communist guerrillas.”

There is real concern that the violence could worsen during the next few years, and I wonder how much the government will crack down on these right-wing groups.

There has also been talk of what transitional justice will look like. Once we discover who perpetrated crimes against humanity and violations of international law, how many years in prison will they serve? It’s still to be determined and it’s very difficult. All sides committed horrible atrocities.

Much of your home region of Antioquia is opposed to the peace deal, even though it was one of the zones to suffer most from the war. Why is that?

There is a lot of animosity against [President] Santos here, lead by the ex-president Uribe, who wanted to destroy the guerrilla militarily and was unable to do so. Now he’s saying the government is “giving the country” to a bunch of criminals by signing the peace deal. There are a lot of people who follow him blindly and will believe whatever his claims are.

Even in my own extended family, there is a lot of skepticism about the peace deal, and rightly so. These are people who, for many, many years, were unable to go to their farms. They lost a lot of money and a lot of tranquility because of the guerrillas. But at the same time, they’re incredibly ignorant about the conversations that took place in Havana. Regardless, most people are slowly coming around to imagining a country that could live in peace, after living for 50 years in a war zone.


H/T: Alice Ollstein and Adam Peck at Think Progress

farc-epeace.org
On the Peace Agreement in Colombia
Mark Burton is a Denver, Colorado attorney long involved the Colombia solidarity movement. He is the American attorney for Simon Trinidad.

MLT: Simon Trinidad was named by the FARC as one of their top negotiators yet he remains in the US at the federal “supermax” prison in Florence, Colorado.  Can you tell us what are the prospects for the release of Trinidad and what is the attitude of both the Colombian and U.S. Governments regarding his release?

MB:  Simon Trinidad was named a negotiator and also in charge of the FARC’s program of disarmament by the FARC.  The release of Simon Trinidad is very important for the FARC, and also for many sectors of Colombian society.  His name comes up very often in both the mainstream and the alternative press in Colombia. The Colombian government has stated on several occasions that it is in agreement with the release of Simon Trinidad as part of the peace agreement.  Given the Colombian government’s traditionally subservient relationship with the U.S. government, it is not clear however, how hard it has lobbied the U.S. government for his release.

The U.S. government’s position is not clear at this point.  The US government has stated on several occasions that the issue of the release of Simon Trinidad is not up for discussion. Iván Márquez, the lead negotiator of the FARC, at a recent press conference stated that in a recent meeting between the FARC and Secretary of State John Kerry that Kerry gave the FARC hope that Simon Trinidad would be released and that they would “not forget this.”  

The only thing that is clear at this point is that Simon Trinidad’s fate is in the hands of the U.S. government that has not indicated that Trinidad’s release is possible as part of the resolution of Colombia’s civil war.  Many Colombians will see the peace process as incomplete if Simon Trinidad is not released. 

MLT: Once a final settlement is signed, what do you think will be the danger to its successful implementation? 

MB: The Colombian government has promised to suppress paramilitary/criminal organizations in order to ensure a peaceful country.  These organizations have traditionally been sponsored by more reactionary sectors of the Colombian government and by large landowners in order to fight the FARC, and to terrorize popular movements.  There is the danger that if the government is not serious about fighting this problem that the left could be once again in the position that they can not operate openly.  This possible situation would be a tremendous blow to the successful implementation of the peace agreement.

A Peace Deal for Colombia

NEWS BRIEF The Colombian government and FARC have finalized a peace agreement, tentatively drawing to a close five decades of conflict with the largest guerrilla movement in the Western Hemisphere.

Negotiators announced the deal Wednesday in Havana, Cuba, where talks between the government and FARC first began in 2012.

FARC, also known as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, first launched its left-wing insurgency in 1964, plunging the county in a bitter conflict that cost over 200,000 lives. Both sides had agreed to a preliminary ceasefire in June.

The New York Times has more details on the deal:

It outlines a timetable in which the rebels […] will abandon their arms. It also sets out a pathway in which former fighters will enter civilian life again — and in some cases, run for office.

But to most Colombians, the deal is simply a promise that the war, which has lasted 52 years, claimed some 220,000 lives and displaced more than 5 million people, is at last coming to an end.

Peace in Colombia now looks more likely than ever, but a big hurdle still needs to be cleared before the deal is ratified. President Juan Manuel Santos, who has staked his legacy on peace, must now sell the agreement to his people, who will be asked to vote in an up-or-down referendum on the deal.

Foreign leaders from across the ideological spectrum reacted warmly to the announcement. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon praised both sides for their “hard work and patience,” while the White House called it a “historic day” and a “critical juncture” on the path to peace.

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In neighboring Venezuela, where the government has previously acted as a mediator between the rebels and Colombian leaders, President Nicholas Maduro welcomed the agreement.

Reitero mis felicitaciones a Colombia por acuerdos definitivos firmados hoy en La Habana,cuenten con todo el apoyo para construir La Paz…

— Nicolás Maduro (@NicolasMaduro)

August 25, 2016

The referendum is scheduled for October 2, according to the BBC. Opposing Santos and the peace deal is former president Alvaro Uribe, who led an aggressive military campaign against FARC and other guerrilla groups during his administration. Uribe has harshly criticized the agreement for what he sees as its excessive leniency toward FARC and its leadership.

Read more from The Atlantic:

This article was originally published on The Atlantic.

Sharm el-Sheikh (شرم الشيخ) is a town at the southern tip of the Sinai. It’s sometimes called the “City of Peace” as a large number of international peace conferences have been held here. It’s also one of the most popular tourist destinations in the Arab World and one of the world’s best diving spots. Some 40 years ago, Sharm was nothing but a small fishing village with about 100 Bedouin citizens. When Sinai was occupied by Israel in 1967, it started being developed as a tourist resort. Israel then evacuated Sinai from 1979-1982, following a peace agreement. Since then, Egypt has continued developing Sharm and it has grown into a bustling town of 10,000 people. There’s now a nice promenade, a Hard Rock Cafe, one of the most modern hospitals in Egypt, among other amenities. Diving and snorkeling is the main activity in Sharm - when you dive into the warm water of the Red Sea and leave the remote desert behind, you will enter a world full of life and colors. Try the fresh Guava juice in a cafe, it’s delicious.

dea-stenger  asked:

For TMI Tuesday: 1. Adoven - who was his first love and how did it end if it did? 2. Tam - physically, love aside: elves or humans? Thanks for answering, if you do!

Of course I answer, thanks for asking!! :D

1. Without too many spoilers, hmmm… His first love was a girl he met by accident, so to speak? They came from two different worlds (metaphorically speaking), and although they liked each other a lot, in the long term they wanted different things. Their relationship (although I’m usure if I’d really call it one at that point) ended in friendship, peaceful and with mutual agreement that it wasn’t meant to be more between them. A bit sad, but also quite nice, I think.

2. That’s a tricky question :’D To be honest… he probably wouldn’t really care? Maybe he’s drawn to elves a bit more, simply because it’s the more familiar experience? Then again, unfamiliar can be interesting and exciting, too. Hm… Let’s just say he has a thing for men who aren’t too tall or buff (a bit taller and some muscles are certainly nice though). But if he’d met someone (pre-Dorian) who would have been twice his size with an A+ personality and pretty face he might have still fallen for him… I’m sorry, that’s not exactly a clear answer :’D But he doesn’t have a clear preference.

UN Peacebuilding Fund Approves $3 Million for Colombia Project

Anticipating the peace accord that the Colombia government reached Wednesday with the Farc rebels, the UN Peacebuilding Fund approved total funding of $3 million for a project entitled “Apoyo al Programa de Reparación Colectiva en Colombia para la generación de confianza, la construcción de paz territorial y el fortalecimiento del Estado de Derecho en el posconflicto”. 

The project aims to support collective reparations of victims of the armed conflict in Colombia to help pave the way for the implementation of the peace agreements, responding at the same time to the Rapid Response Strategy of the Government of Colombia. 


In the image: Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon with Juan Manuel Santos Calderón, President of Colombia, at the ceremony in Havana for the signing of a ceasefire in June. 

fashaodemengxiang  asked:

"Avatar." The bow the petite woman gave was deeper than many would have expected certainly. How could she not though? This is the man who both managed to defeat her father during the comet and bring the world to some nature of peaceful agreement. Had Azula believed she herself could defeat her father in an Agni Kai she certainly would have challenged him.. In addition mankind was disagreeable by nature so this was in truth quite remarkable.

“Um…”

   Aang eyed Azula wearily. There was the familiar itch in his stomach of warning, of apprehension. This was Azula, and she was dangerous. Or she always had been, in the past. 

     The past, though, was in the past. He wasn’t sure if this was a trick, or a joke, or an honest attempt at peace, but he hoped for the latter, and knew, like a creature, peace sometimes needed to be fed. 

        “Hi, Azula,” he tried, with a small smile. “Uh… How are you?”

( @fashaodemengxiang )