peace concluded

In Congress, July 4, 1776


When in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the Earth the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights that among these are life liberty and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed - That whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to Institute new government, lying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while Evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty to throw off such government, and provide new guards for their future security. - Such has been patient sufferance of these colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former systems of government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over these states
To provide this, let facts be submitted to a candid world.

He has refused his assent to laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
He has forbidden his Governors to pass laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless subjected in their operation till his assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of representation in the legislature, a right Inestimable to them in formidable to tyrants only.
He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.
He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.
He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the legislative powers, incapable of annihilation, have returned to the people at large for their exercise; the state remaining in the meantime exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convolutions within.
He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these states; for that purpose obstructing the laws of naturalization of foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage the migrations hither, and raising conditions of new appropriations of lands.
He has obstructed the administration of justice, by refusing his assent to laws for establishing to judiciary powers.
He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for the tenure of their offices, in the amount and payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither swarms of officers to harass our people, and to eat out their substance.
He has kept among us, in times of peace, standing armies without the consent of our legislatures.
He has affected to render the military independent of in superior to the Civil power.
He has combined with others to subject us to jurisdiction foreign to our Constitution and acknowledged by our laws giving his assent to their acts of pretended legislation.
For quartering large bodies of armed troops Among Us.
For protecting them by a mock trial from punishment for any murders which they should commit on the inhabitants of these states.
For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world.
For imposing taxes on us without our consent.
For depriving us in many cases of the benefits of trial by jury.
For transporting us Beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences.
For abolishing the free system of English laws in a neighboring Providence establishing theirin an arbitrary government and enlarging its boundaries so as to render it once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these colonies.
For taking away our Charters abolishing our most valuable laws and altering fundamentally the forms of our governments.
For suspending our own legislatures and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.
He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out of his protection and Waging War against us.
He has plundered our seas ravaged our coasts burnt our towns and destroyed the lives of our people.
He is at this time transporting large armies of foreign Mercenaries to complete the works of death desolation and tyranny already began with circumstances of Cruelty and perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages and totally unworthy the head of a Civilized Nation.
He has constrained our fellow citizens taken captive on the high seas to bare arms against their country to become The Executioner’s of their friends and brethren to or to fall themselves by their hands.
He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our Frontiers the merciless Indian Savages whose known rule of warfare is undistinguished destruction of all ages Sexes and conditions.

In every stage of these oppressions we have petition for redress in the most humble terms. Our repeated petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince whose character is thus marked by Every Act which may Define a tyrant is unfit to be a ruler of a free people.

Nor have we been wanting in attention to our British brethren we have warned them from time to time of attempts by the legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us we have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration in settlement here we have appealed to their native Justice and magnanimity and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations which would inevitably interrupt our connections in correspondence they too have been deaf to the voice of Justice of consanguinity. We must therefore acquiesce in the necessity which denounces our separation and hold them as we hold the rest of mankind enemies in War and Peace friends.

We therefore the representatives of the United States of America in general Congress assembled appealing to the Supreme judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions do in the name in by authority of the good people of these colonies solemnly publish and declare that these United Colonies are and of right ought to be free and independent states that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that all political connection between them and the states of Great Britain is and ought to be totally dissolved, and that as free independent states, they have full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce and to do all other acts and things which Independence States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other Our lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.

The Declaration of Independance

When in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. — That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security. — Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.
He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their Public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.
He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.
He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected, whereby the Legislative Powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.
He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.
He has obstructed the Administration of Justice by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary Powers.
He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our people and eat out their substance.
He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.
He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil Power.
He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:
For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:
For protecting them, by a mock Trial from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:
For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:
For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:
For depriving us in many cases, of the benefit of Trial by Jury:
For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences:
For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies
For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:
For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.
He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.
He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation, and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & Perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.
He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.
He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.
In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.
Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our British brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.
We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these united Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States, that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. — And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor.

readorsigh  asked:

So this occurred to me while I was scrolling through some fan-art stuff and I saw this picture of Dany and Daario side by side. It got me thinking; what exactly is their relationship? From the only outside POV we get on the matter (Barristen) it's apparently just Dany being infatuated cause she's young and horny and he's exotically attractive. Is that literally all there is? Is Daario just a boy toy in this story? Does their relationship (sexual or otherwise) have any bearing on the narrative?

Definitely there’s more. And even if it was just Dany being infatuated because she’s young and horny it’s still a big deal that Dany, who was sold off to her first husband, is now in a position where she can choose to have a romantic and sexual relationship.

Back to the more going on. It has to do with the contrast between Daario and Hizdahr, and the political paths they represent.

Keep reading

Zelda’s Log #2: Teammates

A/N: It’s update time! I’ll upload the other entry tomorrow - bless this XL weekend. Enjoy lovelies!

—–

The morning of their departure to Zora’s Domain, Zelda fidgeted with the contents of the crates and boxes under the stairs, as she was already accustomed. One particular item caught her attention, for she had not seen it before.

‘Link, care to explain how did you obtain… this?’, she asked, raising the chestplate of the Zora armor. 'Please don’t tell me you got it from a tomb or something like that’.

‘No, I actually received it as a gift from King Dorephan’, he clarified, seeing Zelda’s disapproving look turn into a surprised one. ‘Mipha had made it for me’.

Zelda remained in silence for a moment, visibly surprised.

‘Do you know what that means?’

‘Yes’.

So the rumors were true, then’, Zelda thought, putting back the chestplate on its container, appreciating all the details so lovingly put with a bittersweet smile.

She went back to her preparations in silence.

6.23 a.m. My heart feels heavy. Mipha, wherever you are: I am deeply sorry. I’ll have to live with this guilt for the rest of my life. I can only promise you this: I’ll take care of Link as much as you would have. I hope I can atone for failing you this way, even if it is a little.


‘How much about Mipha do you remember?’, Zelda inquired Link while on the road.

'Almost as much as I remember you’, he started, 'I started recovering my memories about her since I arrived here looking for Vah Ruta. Some of my childhood memories of her are fuzzy though’.

'I’m so glad you do’, she assured him, smiling softly, 'I honestly thought in the beginning your memory was full of gaps,but you proved me wrong’ - she took a deep breath - 'She was the kindest person I have ever known, always trying to make all of us get along’, Zelda affirmed, gazing into the the blueish hues and intricate shapes of the nearing Domain, which shone like an opal under the starlight.

'That’s true’, he reaffirmed with a sigh.

’She gave me good advice on how to deal with you and your dashing personality back then’, she remembered.

Dashing’, Link snorted, a bit mortified by the adjective. 'As far as I can recall, I was as charming as a brick’.

You were quite the opposite, but charming nonetheless, she said to herself, avoiding imagining a brick with Link’s clothes.

After a horseback ride and some walking, they arrived quite late at night. Zelda admired the late Champion’s sculpture at  the before checking in at the Inn to get some rest.

12.45 a.m. After a long journey, we finally arrived in Zora’s Domain. Seeing how lovingly Mipha is remembered here is moving. The sculpture they made of her reflects perfectly the balance between her tenderness as a person and her fierceness as a Champion of Hyrule. Tomorrow we shall meet the King, to inform him of the current state of Vah Ruta, and see if I can do anything to make it properly function again.


Both woke up early, Zelda feeling not so rested.

'That water bed was weird’, she commented, rubbing her neck, 'I’m not so sure if I feel energized’.

She looked at Link, almost glowing. Part of her lack of sleep was due to him giggling in his sleep.

Maybe we should stay another night in here and study the side effects of sleep in these beds’, she considered deep in thought, eyes squinting at her partner, oblivious to her research ideas. ‘Maybe it can be a good idea to try them again… for science’.

Her devisings were interrupted by a very tall, muscular, red skinned Zora, wearing royal regalia and a toothy grin, striding into the Inn.

'Link! My dearest friend!’, he greeted the short blond man with a vigorous handshake, making him wiggle like a Korok leaf, ‘what brings you here​?!’

‘H-hell-o, S-Sid-don!’, Link shakily greeted back the Zora Prince.

‘Sidon?!’, Zelda almost yelled in astonishment and surprise, barely recognizing who was in front of her, ‘Is that you?!’

He turned to face the petite blonde, his jaw almost dropping.

‘Your Grace’, he gasped, then making a small curtsy and smiling widely, ‘It is I indeed’.

‘You were just a toddler when I last saw you!’, she exclaimed, all giddy, ‘And look at you now!’

'A hundred years don’t pass in vain, not even for us Zoras’.

A few minutes later, they arrived to the throne room to meet King Dorephan.

'Greetings, Princess of Hyrule’, the voice of the King echoed on the room, 'the news of your victory over the Calamity is spreading fast through the kingdom’.

'It is not mine’, she humbly denied, 'for it belongs to all of the people that made it possible, and that includes all of you, specially both of your offspring, and Link here’.

‘Do not rest value to your own effort’, said the King, ‘for despite your initial failure, you still succeeded’.

‘Your eldest daughter died for my failure’, I reminded him. ‘It thwarted her bright future and her happiness’.

‘And her sacrifice was not in vain’, he made it clear, ‘she always knew of the possible consequences of being a Champion at the service of the kingdom, so my dear Princess, do not let your heart still be weary’.

‘I shall try’. Zelda sighed, understanding the King’s position.

‘Changing the subject, I have been informed you have also come to investigate the Divine Beast’.

‘Certainly, Sir’, Zelda chimed, ‘I have observed Vah Ruta stopped sending activity signals some time after the defeat of the Calamity. I would like to check for any malfunction it may have, so I could contact the Sheikah scientists and make the corresponding repairs. I believe their protection is key for the security of the kingdom, now that we are free from our foe’.

‘Then go, Your highness, I trust your judgement’, King Dorephan nodded. ‘Sidon, please escort them to Vah Ruta - even if Link knows this place as the palm of his hand’.

They left the throne room, making their way to the Divine Beast immediately. Once there, Link helped Zelda and Sidon get on Vah Ruta with the help of Revali’s Gale and the paraglider. Not even the travel gate was operative.

'Link told me about the fight you both had against Ruta, you were amazing!’, Zelda commented while turning on her slate.

'I just swam! Link did all the job of appeasing the Divine Beast’.

'Seriously? ‘Just swam’?’, Link chuckled, elbowing the tall Zora playfully, 'I would have been smashed by those ice blocks if it wasn’t for you and your skills!’

'Don’t underestimate your abilities’, she noted, swiping her device over the entrance, looking for a reaction. 'You could have piloted this Divine Beast if you were a champion instead of Mipha’.

The travel gate lit up. A message appeared on Zelda’s Sheikah slate.

Authenticate new user.

'Looks like someone decided it was time for a relay’, Zelda guessed, her eyes turning to the Zora Prince. 'Mipha’s spirit is no longer residing inside the Divine Beast’.

'My sister is at peace, then’, Sidon concluded, with a calm smile. 'She had the closure she needed’.

'Certainly’, Zelda reassured him, Link nodding next to her.

'Maybe we should return, the-’, Sidon’s words interrupted by the flashing light of the travel gate. He had stepped on it.

Initializing biometric scan.

Pilot compatibility 95%.

New user authenticated.

Enter username.

The notifications popped on Zelda’s slate, to her astonishment, and in less extent, to Link’s.

The entrances to the Divine Beast opened. The group approached the guidance stone, Zelda stepping forward to put her Sheikah Slate on it.

Enter username to finish startup.

‘I should ask you first if you are willing to take your sister’s mantle as Champion of Hyrule’, she turned to him, with a serious, worrisome look, ‘and all that it entails’.

‘It would be the greatest honor to follow my sister’s steps’, the Zora Prince didn’t even think further, ‘Besides, working not only with such a pair of amazing Hylians, but also with my most treasured friend for all time here’ - he patted Link’s back, throwing the already merry Hylian out of balance - ‘to help our land recover from this ordeal - We would be teammates now!’.

‘I didn’t expect you to answer so quickly’, Zelda admitted, full of joy, 'but it makes me really happy your answer was positive’ - she made way for him to approach the guidance stone and the slate - 'You should do the honors, I guess’.

The Zora Prince typed his name on the device, full of curiosity at the device’s tactile screen. Once done, the Divine Beast lit up in a bright blue light.

Startup concluded.

Welcome, Sidon.

‘I want to take a picture of Purah’s reaction when we tell her what just happened’, Link commented, trying to contain his laugh. ‘I bet she will snap out’.

Zelda bursted into laugh, and the Hylians reaction made the Zora Prince curious.

‘Purah is a very enthusiastic Sheikah researcher, you will probably meet her soon’, Zelda explained, ‘She is quite… peculiar’.

‘I hope to do so, my dear teammates!’, Sidon exclaimed, enthused at the idea, ‘peculiar is never bad!’

9.17 p.m.  A most unexpected development has occurred: the Divine Beast, in a strange twist of fate, has a new pilot, Prince Sidon of the Zoras. In all honesty, it’s as if Mipha herself had pushed her brother on the gate, but I guess it solves the mystery of why it stopped working (it just needed a new master). Anyway, I couldn’t think of any other person more perfect for the job; he is enthusiastic and really optimist, besides a very charming Zora.

He really admires Link and appreciates their friendship - I know Link feels the same way.

Fun fact: Sidon doesn’t get Link’s lame puns.

I will inform Purah and Robbie - our next stop is Akkala - about this event, and the high possibility it might occur with the remaining Divine Beasts. We will have to find new Champions before the Divine Beasts go inactive. Link’s assistance in this matter will be critical.

10.35 p.m. I tried to conduct a study on the properties of the Zora  waterbeds, but I failed miserably. We accidentally punctured the mattress, flooding the room on the Inn. Maybe we will be able to repeat the experiment… when the innkeeper forgets about the mess I made… for science.

anonymous asked:

2D reacting to his S/O confessing to him and telling him why they fell for him and just being genuinely kind to this poor baby BOY, thank u

A/N: yes be good to him he deserves so much LOVE 


“Please,” he begs, perching himself up on his elbow behind you. The other hand rests on your side, slowly siding up and down as he snuggles himself up behind you. 

“No,” you say smiling at his childish antics, he rests his chin on your shoulder and asks again batting eyelashes playfully, “Fine,” you laugh and give in, moving his hand away so you can sit up in front of him. He sits on the opposite side of you, resting against the pillow and headboard.

You pull your legs up and rest your arms on your knees, “Well, I guess I’ll start from high school,” you say before you start telling him your past relationship experiences. You make a few jokes here and there, making him laugh with his shoulders hunched and all. You sigh as you finish, looking up at the ceiling to see if you can remember anything more, “Hmm, that’s really all I can think of right now.”

You look at him and he asks, “What happened to the others?”

“Well, they don’t matter.”

“Why not?”

“Because I have you now,” you say smiling. He stares at you blankly for a moment before his cheeks start turning red, he tries to hide his face with his shoulders but you laugh lovingly at his bashful behavior, scooting over to him. You take his face into your hands and kiss him, “I love you, Stuart,” you say smiling before you kiss him again. “I love you, I love you,” you say in between kisses and he hunches his shoulders again, leaning back a bit. He lays down, pulling you on top of him and you shower kisses all over his face. He laughs, snorting a little becoming completely red in the face as you continue. You place one final kiss on his lips again, much longer than the others before you rest your chin on your arms crossed comfortably on his chest and look up at him. He looks down at you with heavy lidded eyes, a wide smile on his face, it fades when he begins to overthink, “Do you mean that?”

You frown at that, “Of course I do,” you sit up, taking his hand into yours. You kiss the top of it gently, “I love your hands…” you begin, leaning down to kiss his nose, “I love your nose,” you say giggling which prompts his own. You rest your cheek on your shoulder as you push a strand of his hair behind his ear, “I love your hair…” you say before your fingers travel to his lips, “I love how sometimes you lick your lips before you speak,” your hand travels to his chest, “I love how whenever I’m with you,” you pause as his hand joins yours, “I feel… at peace,” you conclude, feeling that those words fit your description quite well.

He pulls you suddenly against his chest, embracing you tightly as his face makes its way into the juncture between of shoulder and neck, he doesn’t say anything and you silently understand, closing your eyes before you drift into sleep, secure and comfortable in his arms.


this cavity shit is so hard for me to write aaa

October 22, 1917 - Austro-German Forces Massing on the Isonzo

Pictured - German assault troops in Italy, carrying light machine-guns perfect for offensive operations. The Battle of Caporetto was the first major German deployment on the Italian Front, which led to a major Central Powers victory.

A French offensive on October 23 met with a passive response from the Germans, who mostly chose to give up ground without a fight. The behavior puzzled the French, but made sense for Germany, which was planning a major attack on the Italian front.

Substantial German forces had arrived along the Isonzo river on Italy’s northeast border, where Italian and Austrian forces had been clashing since 1915. Nine new Austrian and six German divisions were incorporated into a 14th Army, whose presence was concealed from the Italians. With winter approaching, the Central Powers’ military planners decided to take swift action, striking north of Tolmino on the Isonzo, where the Italian forces were thought to be weak. With luck Italy’s front would be breached and maybe even a separate peace could be concluded.

Italian chief-of-staff Luigi Cadorna suspected something from the other side of the line and prepared a defensive plan. That six highly-trained German divisions had been added to the enemy forces, however, was to come as a surprise.

Just Give Me Time (Part Two)

A/N: My fucking dumbass accidentally deleted the original trying to fix a typo so here it is the second time, omg. I hate myself. I apologize to those being tagged again. I’m so sorry, love you all. Gif is not mine!



You groaned softly and ran both of your hands through your hair once you realized who it was, feeling like you were about to blow up. Sami, Finn, and Char all looked at you, as if they were waiting to see how you were going to move forwards from here. 

“What are you gonna do?” Char asked you quietly, not wanting Seth to hear them. You thought about it for a quick moment before shrugging in response. Everything was so overwhelming as is, and this wasn’t helping your case. They looked at each other and you for a few minutes as you continued to think, Seth’s persistent knocking and begging never ceasing. 

“I’ll just talk to him.” You sighed out, sitting up a little and waiting to hear their responses. 

“Alright…” Finn nodded, looking into your eyes. “But we’re not leaving this room until we threaten that asshole.” He smirked, causing you to shake your head and laugh a little. 

“Of course you’re not.” You said, his statement being something you expect out of Finn. They all gave you a big hug and encouraging words before heading towards the door. Seth’s constant banging on the door stopped once the door opened, but the look on his face said that he was expecting you and not your three best friends. You heard Charlotte mutter something along the lines of “If I come back to find her crying again, I’m cutting your dick off.” You giggled and covered your face, mumbling a quiet ‘oh my God.’ You didn’t hear Seth speak as they each dropped him a quick threat before leaving the room. You expected Sami to be doing something stupid as he walked away, like using his hands as binoculars to let Seth know he was watching him.

You took a deep breath, letting it out slowly as you waited for Seth to enter the room any second. He walked inside slowly and gently shut the door behind him, his eyes glued to the ground as he buried his hands deep in the pockets of his sweatpants. You bit down on your lip, trying to hold back the tears that were threatening to leave your eyes as you saw him and remembered his words from earlier. You usually would be the type to have enough respect to say ‘hi’ to someone, but in this case it was completely different. The awkward silence went on for a few agonizing minutes as you both waited for the other to speak up. You looked over at the gifts your amazing friends had brought you, bringing a little smile to your face. Seth noticed them too, and you hoped that he realized what an absolute jerk he is. His co-workers are more excited about his baby than he is. 

“Y/N…” He said quietly, finally looking up at you. His eyes contained a mix of both sadness and slight regret, but it didn’t phase you. He probably regrets this happening, not acting the way he did. You didn’t respond, your eyes moving back to the beautiful flowers sitting down on the nightstand next to the bed. 

“Can you look at me?” He asked, slight annoyance evident in his voice. 

“Why?” You responded simply, deciding to look at him a few seconds later just to see the sorry look he had on his face. 

“Because I’m trying to talk to you and you won’t even bother to look at me.” He muttered, moving closer and sitting down on the edge of the bed next to your feet. 

You moved your legs away from him in response, shaking your head. You looked into his eyes before responding to him. “Must suck, huh? When you want to communicate with someone and they don’t even care.” 

He sighed, probably realizing that this wasn’t going to be an easy conversation by any means. 

“I apologize. I was scared.” He admit, shrugging. “How else did you expect me to take the news?” He genuinely asked, causing you to scoff in response.

“Really, Rollins? Oh, I don’t know, maybe telling me that although you’re scared, we’ll figure something out. Maybe just not being an asshole would be nice, too.” You told him, your eyes never leaving his. “I’m extremely scared, too. I have to give up my title, my job, and my life for around a year. I need to learn how to be selfless and how to raise a baby. One I made with someone who isn’t my husband, let alone my boyfriend.” You confessed, covering your eyes with your hands again once you felt your eyes water again. 

You paused for a moment and tried to clear your mind until the tears went away before you continued. “We’re not together. It’s not like we’re dating. It’s not like we plan on getting married one day. You were interested in one thing only. I dreamed of having a baby after I accomplished all of my goals, found a good man, and got married. Aside from all the disgusting labels that are going to be given to me, I’m not gonna get my happy ending. This situation would be a hell of a lot less worse if we were together. Don’t get me wrong, I’m not asking you to be with me. Even though we are going to be a family whether we like it or not, nobody should be forced into a relationship for whatever reason.” 

You took a tiny break so you could catch your breath, and as you did you studied his face. For the first time in ever you felt like he was truly listening. He moved a little bit closer as you continued to talk and you tried your best to ignore thinking about why he’s doing it as you spoke. “Majority of this situation is all falling on me. I don’t know what to do. I’m young, I’m selfish, and I’m living my dream. I don’t want to give it up. This wasn’t how things were supposed to work out. I could still abort, but I don’t believe in that. It’s still my baby and it wasn’t made out of rape, or something disgusting. I’m not going to take his or her life to continue my own. I’m sure he or she is meant to happen and that’s why we’re in this situation. You know, ‘everything happens for a reason.’ You shrugged, a little smile on your face as you hoped the cliche would lighten the mood. 

“I’m rambling, but I don’t know… It’s terrifying, no doubt, but even if you’re not involved I’m a lot less nervous than I was earlier. Charlotte helped out a lot, she made me an extremely little bit excited too, if anything.” You blushed, not knowing why you were telling him all of this, especially that you’re even a tiny bit excited now. 

“I feel like he or she is already thinking about how they’re the greatest of all time, the ‘architect.’ You were caught off guard by the loud laugh that escaped his mouth, and it made you smile up at him. 

“I’m still scared, nervous, insecure, terrified, aka extremely lost but I’m trying to be positive. Nothing is going to be easy but I can and will eventually come back and that gives me some peace of mind.” You concluded your autobiography with that sentence, and by this point Seth was sitting down next to you. 

“I’m not promising you anything, or that I’m as invested and positive regarding this situation as you are, but I’m not going to let you go through this alone like I was saying earlier.” You swear that you felt like you had the world’s biggest weight lifted off your shoulders when you heard him say that he won’t let you go through it alone. You nodded and looked up at him, hoping that he noticed how thankful you were that he was somewhat stepping up. 

“Is it okay if I hug you? I feel bad about earlier.” He chuckled softly, sounding slightly embarrassed. You responded by completely sitting up and wrapping your arms around his broad shoulders, giving him a hug. He instantly returned it and wrapped his arms around your waist, the hug remaining like that until he completely pulled you onto his lap. You were caught off guard for the second time tonight, but you didn’t protest. You spent the next good bit of time in Seth’s lap, resting your head against his chest as he held you close. It wasn’t anything emotional, sexual, or even physical. It seemed to just be accepting the fact that you two had to work together to overcome the extremely big change that was about to happen. Your mind wandered, as you two were never really even friends until the night everything happened. Being this close to him, feeling the heat radiating off his strong body reminded you of it. You obviously were somewhat interested in him, or else you wouldn’t let him even get close to you, but you knew him. He was a player and nothing more, and that was okay because that’s all you hoped to get out of that night. But now, here you were, wrapped in his arms and relaxing with him. He drew you out of your thoughts when he spoke up, gently running a comforting hand up and down your back. 

“You hungry? Want to go out and grab a bite?”


I’m literally stupid btw

Tags// @panda-girl1999 @cam0flug3 @wrestlingimaginesposts @luckygillblog @ilovedean112 @karleedaniels27 @camm-wow

Has this been done?

IN CONGRESS, JULY 4, 1776 The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America

When in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.  — That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed,  — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.  — Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.

He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.

He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their Public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.

He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected, whereby the Legislative Powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.

He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.

He has obstructed the Administration of Justice by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary Powers.

He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.

He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our people and eat out their substance.

He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.

He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil Power.

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:

For protecting them, by a mock Trial from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:

For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:

For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:

For depriving us in many cases, of the benefit of Trial by Jury:

For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences:

For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.

He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.

He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation, and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & Perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.

He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our British brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.

We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these united Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States, that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do.  — And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor.

lisspeed  asked:

I just wanted to tell you that your art is gorgeous and I love your portrayal of all the Ancient Egyptian stuff. And man, your PoE stuff is so good, I love all the details and thought you put into them. Ramesses II is one of my all time favourite historical figures and characters, and you do such a good job with portraying him. c: Keep up the great work, can't wait to see what else you come up with! :D

Thank you so much! :)
And I didn’t reblog/reply it because of so long post, but I read with interest your reblog comment.

Historical Ramesses II is also interesting person. He is described in PoE as a villain (I don’t deny about it, I just feel sad about he couldn’t understand what Moses said because of his strong sense of responsibility. He seems to be serious and care too much like he was said by Moses (and PoE producer) since he was young), but historical Ramesses II was the first person to conclude a peace treaty with Hittites.
If I get a good idea I want to draw him again as ancient Egypt art :D
(I also want to know more about his son… Amun-her-khepeshef, Khaemwaset, and Merenptah)

By the way, your icon is Kefka! Kefka is also tragic villain character
(I had drawn FF fanart & comic before I came here, especially VI is wonderful game :) I love Vargas lol)

A Karelian refugee family, Finland, 1947

The photo depicts three generations of a refugee family: a father, a daughter and a grandchild. They lost their homes in WW2 when the Soviet Union conquered a part of the region of Karelia. As a result of the 1940 Moscow Peace Treaty that concluded the Winter War, Finland ceded the area of Finnish Karelia and other territories to the Soviet Union.The treaty did not require Finland to empty the ceded territory, but almost nobody was willing to stay, and almost 100% of the affected population chose to relocate, taking their belongings with them.“

Treaty of Jimblr

In the Name of the most Holy & undivided Trinity.
It having pleased the Divine Providence to dispose the Hearts of the most Serene and most Potent Prince Jim the Third, by the Grace of Jim, King of Jimblr, agree to forget all past Misunderstandings and Differences that have unhappily interrupted the good Correspondence and Friendship which they mutually wish to restore; and to establish such a beneficial and satisfactory Intercourse between the two countries upon the ground of reciprocal Advantages and mutual Convenience as may promote and secure to both perpetual Peace and Harmony; and having for this desirable End already laid the Foundation of Peace & Reconciliation by the Provisional Articles signed on Tumblr on the 5th of November 2017, by the Commissioners empowered on each Part, which Articles were agreed to be inserted in and constitute the Treaty of Peace proposed to be concluded between the Crown of Great Jimblr and the said United Jims, but which Treaty was not to be concluded until Terms of Peace should be agreed upon between Great Jims & demons, and his Majesty should be ready to conclude such Treaty accordingly: and the treaty between Great Jims & Demons having since been concluded, above his United States of Jimica.

Article 420:

Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?

I’ve seen you ‘round for a long long time
I remembered you when you drank my wine

Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?

I’ve seen you walking down in Chinatown
I called you but you could not look around

Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?

I paid my money to the welfare line
I see you standing in it every time

Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?

The color of your skin don’t matter to me
As long as we can live in harmony

Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?

I’d kind of like to be the President
So I can show you how your money’s spent

Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?

Sometimes I don’t speak right
But yet I know what I’m talking about

Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?

I know you’re working for the CIA
They wouldn’t have you in the Mafi-A.

Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?

Done on Tumblr, this fifth day of November in the year of our Lord, two thousand and seventeen.


~Written by Occult Jim #6669

Late

Kyungsoo opens the door as quietly as it is only possible. He realizes how much of a nuisance he is coming to the dorm in the middle of the nights, preparing himself tea without which he wouldn’t be able to sleep, showering and rummaging through his room in search of his pjs, which he swears he puts in the same spot every morning, and then it magically changes its location.

Days and nights alike are long and tedious and monotonous, spending all day at the filming site should be exciting to say the least.

The thing is, Kyungsoo simply misses his friends. He’s pulled apart from them, save for the group chat he doesn’t really have time to catch up on, and some lame selcas the members send him. They’re having theirs leisure time, while he has to keep awake as much as possible, to finish filming at the set deadline.

The one he misses the most snores gently in his own room every night, hugging at the giant penguin plushy he got himself when Kyungsoo landed his first role, claiming it as his temporary substitute. Kyungsoo could only laugh and coo inside at how cute the younger was.

He tried to behave as silent as possible, but apparently he wasn’t quiet enough and heard all too familiar steps while shampooing his well-shaved head.

“Jongin.” He only muttered as he felt the presence behind himself. He didn’t see anything, but he didn’t need his eyes. All his other senses were screaming at him, telling him who was behind him.

“Hyung.” Jongin only muttered and hugged his hyung with a little too much force, earning himself a little ‘oof’ out of Kyungsoo. The older one let himself be hugged for a while and managed to get the shampoo out of his hair and face and tried to turn around, only to have a firm grip around his waist preventing him from doing so.

“Jongin, what are you going?” he asked with a hushed voice and tried once again, failing as well. Jongin said nothing, only kissed his shoulder and murmured something intangible, the pressed his hips against Kyungsoo’s back.

“Jongin!” Kyungsoo shouted in a whisper and started fighting him to turn around, but wasn’t strong enough. When the younger pressed against him once again, he stopped doubting.

Jongin was pressing his length into his things, probably seeking intimacy both of them had been missing so much.

“I miss you, Kyungsoo.” Jongin muttered against his shoulder and the older sighed deeply. He too missed the other like crazy, but his schedules were hectic and he simply did not have time to spend it leisurely with the younger.

He only hummed in response, knowing Jongin will understand. It’s been way too long since they’ve last had a moment only for themselves, thus why Jongin sild his hand south, toughing Kyungsoo’s firm thighs and humming softly against his goose-bumps covered skin.

The older turned on the shower and let the water warm their bodies, even though Jongin’s body was doing more than enough to keep him warm. He turned the water with the purpose of it to muffle his inevitable moans, especially when Jongin’s hand became bolder and firmly gripped his twitching length. All he could do was bite at his lips, eventually breaking the delicate skin and wail quietly in an overwhelming pleasure, running like a herd of wild horses through his body.

“Hyung.” Jongin whispered and kissed the side of his neck lightly. “It’s been so long…”

“Do it, please.” Kyungsoo muttered with a pleading voice and surprised even himself with such a bold plea. He could sense Jongin hesitating a little, thus he encouraged the younger by parting his legs just a little more. It was all Jongin needed to take the initiative immediately.

With tranquil and precise moves Jongin entered Kyungsoo, spreading some shower gel on his length beforehand. They both released deep moans, one at the sudden tightness, and the other at the sweet pressure inside himself.

The first thrust was full of hesitation and somewhat painful. Kyungsoo’s leg shook under his weight and he had to support himself against the cold tiles on the wall. Jongin gave him some time to catch stability and made sure to keep a firm grip around his waist and support him as much as possible.

“Jongin-ah.” Kyungsoo muttered, putting unneeded pressure at the second syllable, when Jongin pushed himself deeper inside.

He felt so serene and peaceful, knowing he’s held by the man whom he loves with all his heart and vice versa. Suddenly all his exhaustion disappeared and he felt content, surrounded by Jongin’s deep growls and moans and his strong arms around his own body.

The tempo was heavenly pleasurable for both of them and as much a Kyungsoo loved everything about their intimacy, he could feel his legs giving up with every thrust. He tried to voice out his concern, knowing that sooner or later his legs will simply give out and he will fall on the tiles of the shower. Unfortunately he didn’t manage to do so and before he could even react, his knees buckled and he expected to hit the floor painfully.

Nothing like that happened as Kyungsoo felt a pair of strong hands gripping at his chest and stomach, successfully preventing him from a fall. He was surprised to say the least, so he let Jongin redo his position.

This time Kyungsoo was bend in half a little more, with his hands resting about the wall and Jongin had his arm firmly holding his stomach and chest.

“It’s alright hyung, I’ve got you.” Jongin only murmured and continued thrusting. It was Kyungsoo’s cue to build up his orgasm to his boundaries. Not even three minutes have passed and he was coming, untouched by Jongin’s hands, spilling himself on the tiles of the shower. It took all of younger’s strength to keep him standing and he too followed suit, sparing Kyungsoo eventual mess and finishing on his thighs.

Jongin helped Kyungsoo stand up properly, before giving him a couple of minutes to catch his breath. Then he took and extra care to washi him properly and scratch his shaved hair in all the right places. He too washed himself up and led the way to Kyungsoo’s room afterwards.

Clad only in Jongin’s boxers, they laid on the bed, right next to each other. They were silent, not really needing to talk, since they both knew everything without words. It was enough to just have Jongin pressed against his back, hugging him and enveloping his whole body with his strong arms, younger’s nose pressed against his nape.

“Are you comfortable, hyung?” Jongin asked in a barely audible whisper, but nonetheless it made Kyungsoo smile a tired kind of smile and he hummed positively in response. “Are you?” he asked back and Jongin only kissed his shoulder in an answer.

“I’ve been waiting for you, you were supposed to be home at 1AM, not 3AM… I was worried.” Jongin complained and traced Kyungsoo’s abdomen with his fingers.

“We had small problem with one scene.” The older explained and closed his eyes. He was exhausted and had only a few hours of sleep before another schedule. “Let’s sleep.” He concluded their peaceful conversation and hummed, nesting himself into Jongin’s chest.

“I love you, hyung. Sleep well.”

Kyungsoo pondered about just forgoing the answer, but an impatient nudge he earned from the younger immediately changed his mind.

“Love you too. Jongin-ah.”

We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.

Happy Independence Day!
Letter to Hiraql (ceasar) inviting him to Islam.

The holy prophet’s (Sallallähu alaihi wa sallam) letter to Hiraql (ceasar) inviting him to islam…!

It has been narrated on the authority of Ibn Abbas who learnt the tradition personally from Abu Safyan. The latter said:

“ I went out (on a mercantile venture) during the period (of truce) between me and the Messenger of Allah (Sallallähu alaihi wa sallam). While I was in Syria, the letter of the Messenger of Allah (Sallallähu alaihi wa sallam) was handed over to Hiraql (Ceasar), the Emperor of Rome (who was on a visit to Jerusalem at that time).

The letter was brought by Dihya Kalbi who delivered it to the governor of Busra. The governor passed it on to Hiraql, (On receiving the letter), he said: ‘Is there anyone from the people of this man who thinks that he is a prophet’.

People said: 'Yes’.

So, I was called along with a few others from the Quraish. We were admitted to Hiraql and he seated us before him. He asked: 'Which of you has closer kinship with the man who thinks that he is a prophet?’

Abu Sufyan said: 'I’.

So they seated me in front of him and stated my companions behind me. Then, he called his interpreter and said to him: 'Tell them that I am going to ask this fellow (i. e. Abu Sufyan) about the man who thinks that he is a prophet. It he tells me a lie, then refute him’.

Abu Sufyan told (the narrator): 'By God, if there was not the fear that falsehood would be imputed to me, I would have lied.’

(Then) Hiraqi said to his interpreter: 'Inquire from him about his ancestry’.

I said: 'He is of good ancestry among us.’

He asked: 'Has there been a king among his ancestors?’

I said: 'No’.

He asked: ’Did you accuse him of falsehood before he proclaimed his prophethood?’

I said: 'No’.

He asked: 'Who are his follower people of high status or low status?’

I said: ’(They are) of low status’.

He asked: 'Are they increasing in number or decreasing?’

I said. 'No. they are rather increasing’.

He asked: 'Does anyone give up his religion, being dissatisfied with it, after having embraced it?’

I said: 'No’.

He asked: 'Have you been at war with him?’

I said: 'Yes’.

He asked: 'How did you fare in that war?’

I said: 'The war between us and him has been wavering like a bucket, up at one turn and down at the other (i. e. the victory has been shared between us and him by turns). Sometimes he suffered loss at our hands and sometimes we suffered loss at his (hand).’

He asked: 'Has he (ever) violated his covenant?’

I said: ’No. but we have recently concluded a peace treaty with him for a period and we do not know what he is going to do about it.’

He asked: ’Did anyone make the proclamation (Of prophethood) before him?’

I said: 'No’.

He (now) said to his interpreter: 'Tell him, I asked him about his ancestry and he had replied that he had the best ancestry. This is the case with Prophets; they are the descendants of the noblest among their people’.

He continued: 'I asked you if there had been a king among his ancestors. You said that there had been none. If there had been a king among his ancestors, I would have said that he was a man demanding his ancestral kingdom.

I asked you about his followers whether they were people of high or low status, and you said that they were of rather low status. Such are the followers of the Prophets.

I asked you whether you used to accuse him of falsehood before he proclaimed his prophethood, and you said that you did not. So I have understood that when he did not allow himself to tell a lie about the poeple, he would never go to the length of forging a falsehood about Allah.

I asked you whether anyone renounced his religion being dissatisfied with it after he had embraced it, and you replied in the negative. Faith is like this when it enters the depth of the heart (it perpetuates them).

I asked you whether his followers were increasing or decreasing. You said they were increasing. Faith is like this until it reaches its consummation.

I asked you whether you had been at war with him, and you replied that you had been and that the victory between you and him had been shared by turns, sometimes he suffering loss at your hand and sometimes you suffering lost at his. This is how the Prophets are tried before the final victory its theirs.

I asked you whether he (ever) violated his covenant, and you said that he did not. This is how the Prophets behave. They never violate (their covenants).’…

(Then) he asked: 'What does he enjoin upon you?’

I said: ’He exhorts us to offer Salat, to pay Zakat, to show due regard to kinship and to practise chastity’.

He said: 'It what you have told about him is true, he is certainly a Prophet. I knew that he was to appear but I did not think that he would be from among you. If I knew that I would be able to reach him. I would love to meet him; and it I had been with him. I would have washed his feet (out of reverence). His dominion would certainly extend to this place which is under my feet.’

Then he called for the letter of the Messenger of Allah (Sallallähu alaihi wa sallam) and read it. The letter ran as follows:

'In the name of Allah, Most Gracious and Most Merciful. From Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, to Hiraql, the Emperor of the Romans.

Peace be upon him who follows the guidance. After this, I extend to you the invitation to accept Islam. Embrace Islam and you will be safe. Accept Islam, God will give you double the reward. And if you turn away, upon you will be the sin of your subjects.

O People of the Book, come to the word that is common between us that we should worship none other than Allah, should not ascribe any partner to Him and some of us should not take their fellows as Lords other than Allah. If they turn away, you should say that we testify to our being Muslims [iii. 64].’

When he hid finished the reading of the letter, noise and confused clamour was raise around him, and he ordered us to leave. Accordingly, we left.

(Addressing my companions) while we were coming out (of the place). I said: 'Ibn Abu Kabsha (referring sarcastically to the Holy Prophet) has come to wield a great power. Lo! (even) the king of the Romans is afraid of him’.

I continued to believe that the authority of the Messenger of Allah (Sallallähu alaihi wa sallam) would triumph until God imbued me with (the spirit of) Islam.”

Sahih Muslim Book 019, Hadith Number 4380.

Happy Independence Day, fellow US citizens!

Happy Independence day, fellow US citizens (and welcome to everyone taking their oath today!  We think you’re kinda crazy, but welcome home anyway!)


This, by the way, is what it’s all about.


In Congress, July 4, 1776.

The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America, When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.–That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, –That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.–Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.

He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.

He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.

He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.

He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.

He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.

He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.

He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harrass our people, and eat out their substance.

He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.

He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power.

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:

For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:

For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:

For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:

For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:

For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury:

For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences

For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies:

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.

He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.

He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.

He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our Brittish brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.

We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.

IN CONGRESS, July 4, 1776

The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America

When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the situation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. - That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. - That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security. - Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.

  • He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
  • He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
  • He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
  • He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.
  • He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.
  • He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsion within.
  • He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.
  • He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.
  • He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.
  • He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harrass our people, and eat out their substance.
  • He has kept among us, in times of people, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.
  • He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power.
  • He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretend Legislation: - For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us: - For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States: - For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world: - For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent: - For depriving us in many cases, of the benefit of Trial by Jury: - For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences: - For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies: - For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments: - For suspending our own Legislature, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.
  • He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.
  • He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.
  • He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.
  • He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.
  • He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our British brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.

We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.

Georgia

  • Buttom Gwinnett
  • Lyman Hall
  • George Walton

North Carolina

  • William Hooper
  • Joseph Hewes
  • John Penn

South Carolina

  • Edward Rutledge
  • Thomas Heyward, Jr.
  • Thomas Lynch, Jr.
  • Arthur Middleton

Massaschusetts

  • John Hancock

Maryland

  • Samual Chase
  • William Paca
  • Thomas Stone
  • Charles Carroll of Carrollton

Virginia

  • George Wythe
  • Richard Henry Lee
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • Benjamin Harrison
  • Thomas Nelson, Jr.
  • Francis Lightfoot Lee
  • Carter Braxton

Pennsylvania

  • Robert Morris
  • Benjamin Rush
  • Benjamin Franklin
  • John Morton
  • George Clymer
  • James Smith
  • George Taylor
  • James Wilson
  • George Ross

Delaware

  • Caesar Rodney
  • George Read
  • Thomas McKean

New York

  • William Floyd
  • Philip Livingston
  • Francis Lewis
  • Lewis Morris

New Jersey

  • Richard Stockton
  • John Witherspoon
  • Francis Hopkinson
  • John Hart
  • Abraham Clark

New Hampshire

  • Josiah Bartlett
  • William Whipple

Massachusetts

  • Samuel Adams
  • John Adams
  • Robert Treat Paine
  • Elbridge Gerry

Rhode Island

  • Stephen Hopkins
  • William Ellery

Connecticut

  • Roger Sherman
  • Samuel Huntington
  • William Williams
  • Oliver Wolcott

New Hampshire

  • Matthew Thornton
~Ricky Horror Imagine~

Requesed on Quotev.

 At this point Ricky is beyond pissed.

 He’s furious.

 And it’s better that he left the house, or something was going to be broken.

 He’s aimlesslymarching down the street, trying to calm down.

 That bitch.

 How could she ever do something like that?

 No, he should have known. It really was expected.

 But, oh God, her attitude! She was acting like cheating is completely normal!

 That’s what pissed him off the most. Not necessarily the whole act. But the fact that she was so careless….

 Ricky’s a bit calmer now, but he’s still pretty dangerous. No one should be around him, and he’s aware of that.

 Nevermind.

 He doesn’t need her anyway.

 But the whole thing is still making him pissed.

 Well, at least it can’t get any worse than this…

 “Shit!” Ricky exclaims as he realizes that the rain is starting to fall. He growls angrily as he starts looking around to find a place to hide.

That’s when he realizes that he has no idea where he is.

 He spots a small diner across the street. If nothing, at least he found a place to stay till the rain stops…

 He crosses the street and enters the diner.

 It’s a cute little place with wooden furniture and black and white fraimed pictures on the walls.

 It’s empty, except for a girl that’s sitting in the corner, reading a book.

 Not paying much attention to you, Ricky takes his pretty wet jacket off and sits down.

 A woman appears from behind the counter and she approaches him.

 “Oh, my.” She says. “I don’t think that the storm is the only thing that got you off track today, am I correct?” The short, friendly looking woman says.

 “I’m fine.” Ricky spits. You lower your book. This is about to be interesting…

 “You will be for sure.” The woman offers up. “I think that a cup of coffee will fix you up?”

 “I would like to have a beer.” Ricky refuses the offer.

 The woman just smiles. “That will do you no good right now, trust me. Maybe tea will be more suitable?”

 Ricky huffs. “I’ll just have coffee then.” He mutters.

 You close your book and rest it on the table, as you watch the woman leave. You take your own mug from the table and you stand up.

 You sit next to the dangerous looking guy that just walked in.

 Well, at least he would look dangerous to anyone else…

 He sighs. “I’m not in the mood to be around people.” He spits, not giving you a chance to say anything.

 You just smile. “I know. But that doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t.”

 Ricky rolls his eyes.

 “You’re not very polite.” You state, but you add: “I’m guessing that’s because something happened?” You say, taking a sip of your coffee.

 “Nice guess.” Ricky mumbles.

 “So, what happened?” You ask.

 “Why do you think I’d tell a stranger??” He snaps.

 The woman comes with Rick’y coffee, and that gives him some hope that the subject will now close.

 However, when the woman leaves, you continue:

 “It’s just easier to let it all out. Besides, a stranger is actually the last person who will judge you, because they don’t know you.” You offer up shrugging.

 Ricky sighs. “It’s nothing much, really. I just broke up with my girlfriend.” He says, finally realizing how unimportant that sounds.

 “Oh.” You say. “How?”

 “I found out that she was cheating.” Ricky says bitterly.

 “Well, then it’s not a loss.” You say simply.

 “I guess so….” Ricky mumbles.

 But you can see that there’s still something wrong.

 No matter how “useful” the break up was, it was still a break up.

 “Do you want to rent about your ex?” You offer.

 Ricky hesitates, but then he gives in: “Hell, yeah!”

 Whole way through his rant you just nodded and gave comments like: “That’s right.”, “She wasn’t.” and “What a bitch.” And that’s exactly what Ricky nodded.

 Fifteen minutes later he doesn’t feel angry anymore and has nothing else to say.

 After a short silence you say: “Feeling any better?”

 He takes a deep breath and nods. “Yeah, actually. Thank you for listening.”

 You smile. “No problem. That’s what friends are for.”

 “I thought we were strangers.” Ricky smirks.

 “Not anymore.” You offer him your hand. “I’m (Y/N).”

 “Ricky.” He answers shaking your hand.

 “What were you doing here by yourself, anyway?” He throws a random question at you.

 “Well… I come here to read, study, write and such. It’s really peaceful.” You conclude.

 “That makes sense, I guess.” After a short silence Ricky speaks again: “By the way, I’m kinda lost. I have no idea what part of the city this is… Could you help me out?”

 You nod. “Sure. This is my neighborhood.”

 “Also, I like how our “friendship” started. I think I’d like to see you again somethimes. Would you give me your number?”

 You blink. “Sure… Why not…”

 And to think that Ricky thought it would take him a lot of time to move on…

Treaty of Jimblr

(Only use this document when the time has come)


In the Name of the most Holy & undivided Trinity.
It having pleased the Divine Providence to dispose the Hearts of the most Serene and most Potent Prince Jim the Third, by the Grace of Jim, King of Jimblr, agree to forget all past Misunderstandings and Differences that have unhappily interrupted the good Correspondence and Friendship which they mutually wish to restore; and to establish such a beneficial and satisfactory Intercourse between the two countries upon the ground of reciprocal Advantages and mutual Convenience as may promote and secure to both perpetual Peace and Harmony; and having for this desirable End already laid the Foundation of Peace & Reconciliation by the Provisional Articles signed on Tumblr on the 5th of November 2017, by the Commissioners empowered on each Part, which Articles were agreed to be inserted in and constitute the Treaty of Peace proposed to be concluded between the Crown of Great Jimblr and the said United Jims, but which Treaty was not to be concluded until Terms of Peace should be agreed upon between Great Jims & demons, and his Majesty should be ready to conclude such Treaty accordingly: and the treaty between Great Jims & Demons having since been concluded, above his United States of Jimica.

Article 420:

Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?

I’ve seen you ‘round for a long long time
I remembered you when you drank my wine

Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?

I’ve seen you walking down in Chinatown
I called you but you could not look around

Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?

I paid my money to the welfare line
I see you standing in it every time

Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?

The color of your skin don’t matter to me
As long as we can live in harmony

Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?

I’d kind of like to be the President
So I can show you how your money’s spent

Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?

Sometimes I don’t speak right
But yet I know what I’m talking about

Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?

I know you’re working for the CIA
They wouldn’t have you in the Mafi-A.

Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?
Why can’t we be friends?

Done on Tumblr, this fifth day of November in the year of our Lord, two thousand and seventeen.

———————————— ——————————————————————–o my god this is some submission

“IN CONGRESS, July 4, 1776.
The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America,

When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.–That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, –That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.–Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.

He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.
He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.
He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.
He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.
He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.
He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harrass our people, and eat out their substance.
He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.
He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power.
He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:
For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:
For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:
For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:
For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:
For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury:
For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences
For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies:
For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:
For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.
He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.
He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.
He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.
He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our Brittish brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.

We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.”


Engrossed Declaration of Independence, August 2, 1776; Miscellaneous Papers of the Continental Congress

Series: Miscellaneous Papers of the Continental Congress, 1774 - 1789
Record Group 360: Records of the Continental and Confederation Congresses and the Constitutional Convention, 1765 - 1821

Drafted by Thomas Jefferson between June 11 and June 28, 1776, the Second Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776.  The Declaration set forth a list of grievances of the American colonies against the British Crown and declared they were breaking from British rule to form free and independent states.

On July 19, 1776, Congress resolved that the Declaration passed on the 4th be fairly engrossed on parchment with the title and stile [sic] “The unanimous declaration of the thirteen United States of America" and that the same, when engrossed, be signed by every member of Congress. The engrossing was most likely done by Timothy Matlack, an assistant to Charles Thomson, Secretary of the Congress. Although it bears the date “July 4, 1776,“ the engrossed Declaration was signed on August 2, 1776, by members of the Continental Congress who were present that day and later by other members of Congress. A total of 56 delegates eventually signed the document.


Celebrate the 240th Anniversary of the Declaration of Independence at the National Archives’ #ArchivesJuly4 Independence Day Event!

Dedicated to an amazing royal lady, Anne, Duchess of Brittany, who died on 9 January 1514.

Anne, Duchess of Brittany (French: Anne de Bretagne; Breton: Anna Vreizh), was the last independent Breton ruler, and twice the queen of France (having married two successive French kings, Charles VIII and Louis XII). She was born in Nantes, Brittany, on 25 January 1477 and was the daughter of Duke Francis II of Brittany and Margaret of Foix. Upon her father’s death, she became Duchess of Brittany, Countess of Nantes, Montfort, and Richmond, and Viscountess of Limoges.

Anne was the only child of Francis and Margaret to survive childhood (she had a younger sister, Isabeau, who died in 1490 at age 12). Accordingly, she was brought up as the heiress to the Duchy. She was given a good education under the guidance of Françoise de Dinan, Lady of Laval and Chateaubriant, and the poet Jean Meschinot.
Prior to the Breton War of Succession, Brittany had been understood to operate according to semi-Salic La; i.e., women could inherit, but only if the male line had died out. However the war ended with the Treaty of Guérande, which stated that in the absence of a male heir from the House of Montfort, the heirs of Joanna of Penthièvre would succeed. By the time Anne was born, her father was the only male left of the Breton House of Montfort. Over the course of the century, however, this agreement had been violated and/or reinterpreted multiple times. So as to ensure her succession, Francis II had Anne officially recognised as his heiress by the Estates of Brittany in 1486; however, the question of her marriage remained a diplomatic issue. Francis had no intention of allowing France to absorb Brittany. Therefore, he sought to marry his daughter to an individual in a position capable of withstanding French power.

Brittany being an attractive prize, Anne had no shortage of suitors. In 1480 she was officially promised in marriage to Edward, Prince of Wales, son of Edward IV of England; however, soon after the death of Edward IV in 1483 the boy disappeared. Others who bid for her hand included Maximilian of Austria, Alain d'Albret, Jean de Châlon, Prince of Orange, and even the married Louis, Duke of Orléans.

In 1488, the armies of Francis II were defeated at the Battle of Saint-Aubin-du-Cormier, ending the Mad War (la Guerre Folle) between Brittany and France. In the Treaty of Sablé, which concluded the peace settlement, the Duke was forced to accept clauses stipulating that his daughters were not to marry without the approval of the King of France. Francis died soon afterward, on 9 September 1488, as a result of a fall from his horse. Anne became Duchess, and Brittany was plunged into fresh crisis, leading to the last Franco-Breton war.

The first necessary move for Anne was to secure a husband, preferably powerful enough to maintain Breton independence. Maximilian I of Austria was considered the most suitable candidate. 
The marriage, which took place at Rennes by proxy on 19 December 1490, conferred upon Anne the title Queen of the Romans, but proved to have serious consequences. The French regarded it as a serious provocation—it not only violated the Treaty of Sablé, but also placed the rule of Brittany in the hands of an enemy of France. The marriage also proved ill-timed: the Habsburgs were too busy in Hungary to pay any serious attention to Brittany, and the Castilians were busy fighting in Granada. Although both Castile and England sent small numbers of troops to supplement the Ducal army, neither wished for open warfare with France. The spring of 1491 brought new successes by the French general La Trémoille, and Charles VIII of France came to lay siege to Rennes.

After Maximilian failed to come to his bride’s assistance, Rennes fell. Anne became engaged to Charles in the vault of the Jacobins in Rennes. Then, escorted by her army (ostensibly to show that she had willingly consented to the marriage), Anne went to Langeais to be married. Although Austria made diplomatic protests, claiming that the marriage was illegal because the bride was unwilling, that she was already legally married to Maximilian, and that Charles was legally betrothed to Margaret of Austria, Maximilian’s daughter, Anne celebrated her second wedding to Charles VIII at the Château de Langeais on 6 December 1491. The marriage contract provided that the spouse who outlived the other would retain possession of Brittany; however, it also stipulated that if Charles died without male heirs, Anne would marry his successor, thus ensuring the French kings a second chance to permanently annex Brittany.

Anne was able to negotiate a fair contract before marrying Louis XII. This contract ensured that the second child, son or daughter, would inherit the duchy of Brittany. Anne’s second marriage began badly: she brought two beds with her when she came to marry Charles, and the King and Queen often lived apart. She was anointed and crowned Queen of France at Saint-Denis on 8 February 1492; she was forbidden by her husband to use the title Duchess of Brittany, which became a bone of contention between the two. When her husband fought in the wars in Italy, the regency powers were exercised by his sister Anne of Beaujeu. Pregnant for most of her married life, Anne lived primarily in the royal castles of Amboise, Loches and Plessis or in the towns of Lyon, Grenoble or Moulins (when the king was in Italy). She briefly became Queen of Sicily and titular Queen of Jerusalem with the conquest of Naples by Charles VIII.

The marriage produced four living children, none of whom survived early childhood. Only the first, Charles Orland (11 October 1492 – 16 December 1495), survived infancy. A healthy and intelligent child, he was doted on by his parents, who both suffered terrible grief when he died suddenly of the measles. After him was born Charles, who lived for less than a month; and Francis and Anne, who each died almost immediately after being born. These tragedies caused a great deal of pain to Anne, who prayed openly for a son after the death of Francis.
When Charles VIII died in 1498, Anne was 21 years old and childless. Legally, she was now obliged to marry the new king, Louis XII; however, he was already married, to Joan, daughter of Louis XI and sister to Charles VIII. On 19 August 1498, at Étampes, she agreed to marry Louis if he obtained an annulment from Joan within a year. If she was gambling that the annulment would be denied, she lost: Louis’s first marriage was dissolved by Pope Alexander VI before the end of the year.

In the interim, in October 1498, Anne returned to rule Brittany. She restored the faithful Philippe de Montauban to the chancellery of Brittany, named Jean de Châlon, Prince of Orange, as Hereditary Lieutenant General of Brittany, convened the Estates of Brittany, and ordered production of a coin bearing her name. She took the opportunity to tour the Duchy, visiting many places she had never been able to see as a child. She made triumphal entries into the cities of the duchy, where her vassals received her sumptuously.

Anne’s third marriage ceremony, on 8 January 1499 was concluded under conditions radically different from those of the second. She was no longer a child, but a dowager queen, and determined to ensure the recognition of her rights as sovereign duchess from that point forward. Although her new husband exercised the ruler’s powers in Brittany, he formally recognized her right to the title “Duchess of Brittany” and issued decisions in her name.

As Duchess, Anne fiercely defended the independence of her Duchy. She arranged the marriage of her daughter, Claude, to Charles of Austria in 1501, to reinforce the Franco-Spanish alliance and ensure French success in the Italian Wars; however, Louis broke off the marriage when it became likely that Anne would not produce a male heir. Instead, Louis arranged a marriage between Claude and the heir to the French throne, Francis of Angoulême. Anne, determined to maintain Breton independence, refused until death to sanction the marriage, pushing instead for Claude to marry Charles, or for her other daughter, Renée, to inherit the Duchy.

Anne died at the Château de Blois on 9 January 1514 of a kidney-stone attack. She was buried in the necropolis of Saint Denis. Her funeral was exceptionally long, lasting 40 days, and it inspired all future French royal funerals until the 18th century. According to her will, Anne’s heart was placed in a raised enamel gold reliquary, then transported to Nantes to be deposited in the tomb made for her parents in the chapel of the Carmelite friars. This was done on 19 March 1514, but it was later transferred to the Saint-Pierre Cathedral. 
Anne’s will also conferred the succession of Brittany upon her second daughter, Renée. Her husband ignored this, confirmed Claude as Duchess, and married her to Francis of Angoulême the year following Anne’s death. When Francis became king in 1515 as Francis I, the Duchy of Brittany was once again the property of the queen consort of France.

Anne was a popular patron of arts. She commissioned Les Grandes Heures d'Anne de Bretagne, an outstandingly beautiful book of hours, illuminated in Tours or perhaps Paris by Jean Bourdichon between 1503 and 1508. It is now conserved in the Bibliothèque nationale de France as Ms lat. 9474. It has 49 full-page miniatures in a Renaissance style, and more than 300 pages have large borders illustrated with a careful depiction of, usually, a single species of plant.