# pattern base

The Complex Geometry of Islamic Design

In Islamic culture, geometry is everywhere. You can find it in mosques, madrasas, palaces and private homes. This tradition began in the 8th century CE during the early history of Islam, when craftsman took preexisting motifs from Roman and Persian cultures and developed them into new forms of visual expression.

This period of history was a golden age of Islamic culture, during which many achievements of previous civilizations were preserved and further developed, resulting in fundamental advancements in scientific study and mathematics. Accompanying this was an increasingly sophisticated use of abstraction and complex geometry in Islamic art, from intricate floral motifs adorning carpets and textiles, to patterns of tile work that seemed to repeat infinitely, inspiring wonder and contemplation of eternal order.

Despite the remarkable complexity of these designs, they can be created with just a compass to draw circles and a ruler to make lines within them, and from these simple tools emerges a kaleidoscope multiplicity of patterns. So how does that work? Well, everything starts with a circle. The first major decision is how will you divide it up? Most patterns split the circle into four, five or six equal sections. And each division gives rise to distinctive patterns.

There’s an easy way to determine whether any pattern is based on fourfold, fivefold, or sixfold symmetry. Most contain stars surrounded by petal shapes. Counting the number of rays on a starburst, or the number of petals around it, tells us what category the pattern falls into. A star with six rays, or surrounded by six petals, belongs in the sixfold category. One with eight petals is part of the fourfold category, and so on.

There’s another secret ingredient in these designs: an underlying grid. Invisible, but essential to every pattern, the grid helps determine the scale of the composition before work begins, keeps the pattern accurate, and facilitates the invention of incredible new patterns. Let’s look at an example of how these elements come together.

We’ll start with a circle within a square, and divide it into eight equal parts. We can then draw a pair of criss-crossing lines and overlay them with another two. These lines are called construction lines, and by choosing a set of their segments, we’ll form the basis of our repeating pattern.

Many different designs are possible from the same construction lines just by picking different segments. And the full pattern finally emerges when we create a grid with many repetitions of this one tile in a process called tessellation.

By choosing a different set of construction lines, we might have created this any of the above patterns. The possibilities are virtually endless.

We can follow the same steps to create sixfold patterns by drawing construction lines over a circle divided into six parts, and then tessellating it, we can make something like the above.

Here’s another sixfold pattern that has appeared across the centuries and all over the Islamic world, including Marrakesh, Agra, Konya and the Alhambra.

Fourfold patterns fit in a square grid, and sixfold patterns in a hexagonal grid.

Fivefold patterns, however, are more challenging to tessellate because pentagons don’t neatly fill a surface, so instead of just creating a pattern in a pentagon, other shapes have to be added to make something that is repeatable, resulting in patterns that may seem confoundingly complex, but are still relatively simple to create.

This more than 1,000-year-old tradition has wielded basic geometry to produce works that are intricate, decorative and pleasing to the eye. And these craftsman prove just how much is possible with some artistic intuition, creativity, dedication along with a great compass and ruler.

James Siena
The Narrows, 1998
enamel on aluminum
19-¼" x 15 inches

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possible charms i might make if theres interest!! ^q^

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🌸🌼🌸SPRING THEMED OUIJA BOARD🌸🌼🌸

Well, spring is practically over and I only just finished this ¯\_(ツ)_/¯

Who says seances have to a nighttime affair? This is for laying on your stomach in your back-garden, in the sunshine with two glasses of lemonade (one for you and one for the ghost).

I used the same base pattern as last time, but all of the spring-themed changes and the planchette are my own 💖

✨don’t delete my caption!✨

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Typhlosion Variations

Where I work we have a German bear thats called the Hensa export and I automatically saw your oc drinking it.

How you like it.

Every episode of Catfish ever
• Person: they mean everything to me, i've never felt this way before, i'm in love with them nothing can change that
• Nev & Max: ...but you know they're probably not the person in the pictures, right?
• Person: i don't care about that. i'm in love with the person and their personality
• *catfish isn't the person in the pictures*
• Person: why would you lie to me??????? you're sick, dude. delete my number and never speak to me again
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JELLYFISH PILLOW

Quote from Welcome To Night Vale Episode 22: “The Whispering Forest”
Pattern based on this piece by Jedishywalker

OH MY GOD I FINISHED IT. MONTHS OF MY LIFE. Look at the jellyfish GAZE UPON THEIR WEIRDNESS AND BEAUTY. GAZE UPON THE COLORS. GAZE AND MOAN INTO THE ENDLESS VOID.

This is one of my very, very favorite quotes from Night Vale. It is now on my couch. This is how you nerd-adult.

Thank yous!
@crinoline-gremlin for talking me off the ledge during the pillowcase portion! <3

@jedishywalker for the pattern base!

My lovely co-worker for lending me all the jellyfish colors!

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My ‘Graceful Deer’ plush made into a unicorn this time!  This plush is #3 under the same collection of this pattern as a base.  Their mane is a soft stringy cotton/nylon yarn, and their sides have lots of hand painted pink dogwood flowers (to match their tummy fabric).

I’ll be putting them up for sale early tomorrow afternoon (around 1pm EST).

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## owl waltz love seat and sofa

i stumbled across the striped pattern on the base game “cuttlefish” love seat and sofa… aaand i fell in love with it. of course, i needed some variety, so here’s just some simple recolors. they all have the same wood base!

• §400 (love seat), §500 (sofa)
• base game compatible (obviously, haha)
• 21 various eversims swatches

credit: eversims palettes and remisims: photoshop actions

Witchy Terminology

Here’s a list of terminology that has really helped me in my practice.

• Altar – sacred space dedicated for a specific purpose such as spell-working or worshiping deities
• Amulet – a charm usually worn for protection, to repel evil, and to absorb/banish negative energy
• Astral Projection – the act of separating your astral body or your consciousness from your physical self; a voluntary out of body experience
• Astrology – the art and science of predicting certain events and patterns based on the observation of planetary movements and relationships and the study of how these movements and relationships affect terrestrial world events and the health, moods, relationships and personalities of individuals
• Aura – a subtle luminescence that surrounds all objects hinting at the energy contained within
• Banish – to forcefully remove something; to put an end to something
• Bibliomancy/Stichomancy – divination using random pages and passages from books
• Bind – to restrict the actions/behavior of someone or to tie them to another object, place, or situation
• Book of Shadows – a book used to document spells, rituals, other magickal workings, and personal experiences
• Cartomancy – divination using a deck of cards, i.e. tarot cards
• Centering – to calm your emotions and focus on the task ahead; usually done after grounding
• Ceromancy – divination using a candle/the flame of a candle
• Channeling – also called “drawing;” to gather energy from an external source i.e. the sun or moon
• Charged Water non-consumable water that has been infused with oils, herbs, or energy from another source; used for cleansing, anointing, ritual work, etc.
• Charging – to infuse an item with energy from either yourself or another source
• Charm – an item that has been enchanted with a spell
• Cleanse – to rid an object or space of negative energy
• Consecrate – to “bless” an object, usually for a specific magickal purpose
• Curse – the act of causing misfortune to a victim; directing negative energy towards the target
• Deosil/Deocil – clockwise; generally used to invoke/evoke something, bring about positive energies, or to cast a circle
• Divination – the practice of seeking knowledge of the future or the unknown by supernatural means
• Dowsing – a type of divination employed in attempts to locate hidden items by using a dowsing rod or pendulum
• Dream Work – any magickal or mystical work done in dream space, or while sleeping
• Elixir – a potion made for medicinal purposes
• Enchanting – to infuse an object with magickal intent
• Energy Work – any work that involves changes to the human energy field or subtle body
• Evoke – to call a spirit or entity, to summon it forth, and to bring it into the place where you are, particularly in hopes of gaining its favor
• Gem Elixir – an elixir infused with the energy of a crystal or mineral
• Grimoire – a kind of textbook used by magickal practitioners for reference; sometimes used interchangeably with “book of shadows”
• Grounding – to release negative and excess energy
• Hex – commonly used synonymously with “curse” to describe baneful spell work, but can also be used in reference to general spell work and those who practice it
• Incantation – the words used when casting a spell
• Intent – your goal or purpose for spell work
• Invoke – to draw a spirit being or entity into your own body
• Meditation - a method of calming the mind, either by emptying it of thought or by focusing on one thing in order to reach a state of relaxation or an altered state of consciousness
• Numerology – divination using the interpretation of numbers, dates, and the number value of letters
• Palmistry – a form of divination that relies on the interpretation of the lines and structure of the hand
• Pantheon – historically, a temple in Rome dedicated to all the Gods of the Roman people; in modern usage the word Pantheon has come to describe the family of Gods itself
• Philter – a potion used specifically in love spells; love potion
• Poppet – a doll used to represent a target in spell work
• Potion – a consumable liquid that has been enchanted to produce magickal effects
• Psychometry – divination by touching an object and gaining impressions from it
• Ritual – a series of actions performed in a pre-defined order
• Runes – written symbols which represent sounds or ideas; can be used for divination
• Sachet – a small bag of herbs, crystals, or other objects that is meant to bring about a desired effect; essentially acts as a charm
• Sacred Space – any space that has been designated for a specific sacred purpose
• Scrying – a method of divination that involves gazing into a reflective surface such as water, mirrors, or a crystal ball
• Shield – a personal protective barrier, similar to a ward
• Sorcerer/Sorceress – used to describe someone who practices magick
• Sorcery – the use of rituals, symbols, actions, gestures and language that are believed to exploit supernatural forces
• Spell – a combination of words, actions and/or objects used in a symbolic way to bring about a magickal result
• Talisman – an object used to attract or gain power or energy; can be worn
• Tasseography – divination using tea leaves
• Uncrossing – the removal of a type of curse or “cross” that has been laid upon an individual that makes a certain area of their lives difficult because of negative energy that is attached to them causing them to see and experience only difficulties in that area
• Ward – a protective barrier; may be maintained by a spell, a talisman, a symbol or some other physical or energy object
• Widdershins – counter-clockwise; used to banish negative energy or take down a circle
• Witch/Wizard – used to describe someone who practices magick
• Witchcraft – the use of sorcery or magick to alter the physical world around you; used interchangeably with sorcery
• Zodiac – refers to the constellations that ring the apparent path the sun takes throughout the year

(Last edited on: 9-10-2016)

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Recently completed commission! ♪ THIS WAS SUCH A FUN REQUEST <3
And I finally got to update my eeveelution based pattern! \o/

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## nifty neato wallpaper set

three different versions of a base game patterned wallpaper. there’s the basic wallpaper itself, a version with bricks, and last but not least some wainscoting from parenthood in both the ea white and navy (not pictured).

• §4
• base game compatible
• 21 various eversims swatches

credit: eversims palettes and remisims: photoshop actions

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## Geometry at work: Sea animals, Fruits and Vegetables and Plants

The Nautilus

The nautilus (from the Latin form of the original Ancient Greek ναυτίλος, ‘sailor’) is a pelagic marine mollusc. Although not a golden spiral, the nautilus shell presents one of the finest natural examples of a logarithmic spiral.

Geometry of fruits and vegetables

When sliced in half, the majority of the depicted fruits and vegetables will display a geometric shape or pattern, based on symmetry or platonic solids.

The arrangement of leaves

Phyllotactic spirals form a distinctive class of patterns in nature, depicting the  arrangement of leaves on a plant stem.
The basic patterns are alternate, opposite, whorled or spiral, many of them arranged based on consecutive fibonacci numbers.

…and anyway, nbd, but  i’m in garashir hell.

(if anyone is into floral symbolism, the floral halo is mock orange)

Harry will be spotted in LA in T-minus 24 hours

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alternate outfits as an excuse to draw patterns because that shit’s therapeutic

Architecture (Part 11): Assyrian Palaces

Temples with & without ziggurats were built at Assyria.  But by the late Assyrian period, palaces were much more important & more numerous, emphasizing the monarchy’s importance.

In the 800’s BC, Ashurnasirpal II restored & enlarged the city of Nimrud, and had a palace built within its walls.  The north-west wing was the most public, and at the north was a large public outer court. A suite of apartments (including for the women) was on the east side, and a series of large banqueting halls on the south side.

This would become the traditional Assyrian palace plan.  Palace remains at Nineveh, Nimrud and Kouyunjik, built during the 700’s & 600’s BC, have similar plans, and are built on elevated platforms, surrounded by terraces.

Ashurnasirpal II’s palace.  Three huge doors on the outer court’s south wall led to the throne room, which was long & narrow, and ran nearly the whole width of the courtyard.

A flight of steps led to the palace, and the main entrance was guarded by lamassu – winged stone bulls made of stone.  They protected the gates from evil, with a lion’s fierceness, an eagle’s far-sightedness, a bull’s strength, and a human’s intelligence.

Lamassu at the palace entrance (destroyed by ISIS in 2015).

Below is a drawing of what an Assyrian palace may have looked like. This palace has an elevated, buttressed terrace, a flight of steps lined with carved figures as homage to the king, an open upper storey to admit light, and a roof ridge with battlements.

Assyrian bas-reliefs depicted powerful, life-like men and animals. The sculptors were knowledgeable of anatomy & movement, and how to carve it; at the same time they stylized the subject for ornament.

Orthostats (large stone panels) were arranged in tiers on high walls, and as friezes on low walls.  Fierce beasts, bulls, griffins and lions were common subjects.  Sometimes the king was shown killing them, to demonstrate his bravery, and symbolizing the triumph of good over evil.

Pavement slab from the North Palace at Nineveh.  The outer border is decorated with a pattern based on the lotus flower, similar to Ancient Egyptian ornamentation.  Narrow bands of circular rosettes divide them from the inner border of stylized flowers, and another stylized flower in the centre.

Sculptured ornamental border from Nineveh.  It depicts lamassu and stylized plants, which are perhaps a sacred tree.  Borders of flowers & animals were sometimes painted on ceiling beams, with gilding & precious stones to add richness & contrast.

Sculpted panels in the ruins of the Palace of Nineveh show some of the architectural details made by the Assyrian builders (or possibly Greek builders).  On of these details was voluted capitals (capitals with a spiral, scroll-like ornament on top), and they looked similar tot he Greek Ionic & Corinthian capitals, which also had volutes.

An Ionic capital on the Treasury Building (Washington D.C., USA).

The Obelisk of Divanubara (Nineveh, c.800 BC) was built with sun-baked and kiln-burned bricks.  It tapered towards the top, with stepped layers on top.  Carvings and inscriptions showed that it had a funerary purpose.

Obelisk of Divanubara.

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pretty patterned slowpokes

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I’ve recently hit 200 followers (more like 212 now oops) and i couldn’t be more grateful for every single one of you. I haven’t felt so welcome in a community in a long time; all of you are so supportive and helpful and I really have no words for how much I love all of you.