Temple  of Athena Nike

Athens’ Acropolis, Greece

420 BCE

Stylobate: 8.27 m x 5.64 m; height: ca. 4 m.

The Temple of Athena Nike was named after the Greek goddess, Athena Nike. The temple is the earliest fully Ionic temple on the Acropolis. It was a prominent position on a steep bastion at the south west corner of the Acropolis to the right of the entrance, the Propylaea. In contrast to the Acropolis proper, a walled sanctuary entered through the Propylaea, the Victory Sanctuary was open, entered from the Propylaea’s southwest wing and from a narrow stair on the north. The sheer walls of its bastion were protected on the north, west, and south by the Nike Parapet, named for its frieze of Nikai celebrating victory and sacrificing to their patroness, Athena Nike.

Nike means victory in Greek, and Athena was worshipped in this form, as goddess of victory in war and wisdom. The citizens worshipped the goddess in hope of a successful outcome in the long Peloponnesian War fought on land and sea against the Spartans and their allies.


1st House, Adrenaline Junkie:
big temper, violent father figure, experiences with violent men in general, parental betrayal, isolation, sexually licentious and immodest, esteem issues, subjects herself to unspeakable disrespect and degradation, violent death

2nd House, Sugarbaby:
fad diets, eating disorders, remarkable sense of taste, some fit the definition of functioning psychopath, often slandered, “come-back kid”, feral “earthy” sex, crimes involving money, success in business

3rd house *Exalted, The Other Woman:
deception, unwed mothers, miscarriage, abortion, death of child, loss of child custody, obsession, an “Eve” wife who knows about a “Lilith” mistress (or vice versa), talented writer/speaker, “shape-shifting”, problems (or abuse) involving siblings, extreme loyalty to siblings, “Lilith” sibling(s), dark humor, extremely clever

4th house *Detriment, Immaculate Misconception:
cold childhood, abandoned by a parent (due to deployment, divorce, or death), “black sheep”, “rags-to-riches” (somewhat uncommon), mixed ethnicity, bilingual, early awareness of difference, frequent problems with obsession, childhood abuse (usually sexual), talent in acting (manipulation), paranormal disturbances (could be demonic), “cursed” lineage, “Lilith” offspring

5th house, Lotto Winner:
“Lilith” offspring, trust issues, paranoia, gambling, incredible luck bestowed at least once, talent with writing, “Lilith” physical appearance ( very dark or red hair, lithe body), children outsmart them

6th house, Ms. President:
rejected by their teachers, exposure to dangerous activities in childhood (or during development of their own Lilith-like qualities), little patience for the mindless routine jobs, switches jobs quickly​, problems with hygiene/health (sometimes), self-preservation, authority

7th house, Mary Magdalene:
may be viewed as a slut even if she is not sexually promiscuous, either the person becomes “Lilith” or looks for someone (often a spouse) to be “Lilith” for them, refusal to share resources with others, wants others to “see the light”, preoccupied with relationships, strong-willed spouse

8th house, Persephone:
intensely intimate, unsettling, may exploit others sexually, may have been threatened as an infant, childhood abuse, power struggle, objectified from a young age, keeper of secrets, attracted to dark people, occult interest, occult gifts, intuition, “Lilith” soulmate

9th house, Bride of Dionysus:
wants to transcend all limits, needs to be revolutionary in ideas, drops out of higher educations because they are bored, switches schools, encounters Lilith-types on long-distance travel, do not remarry, unorthodox philosophy

10th house, The CEO:
miscarriage, envious, power hungry, could be a talented dancer, manipulation of others through the career, ladyboss, Patroness of Illegitimate Children, cold mothers, demise of “Eve”, home-wrecker, perfectionist, shrewd

11th house, Rebel Rebel:
odd sexual fantasies, not accepted by peer groups, greater maturity, “restlessness” with regard to children, marriage to a “friend” or a “friend with benefits” which causes problems, “Lilith” best friend, hatred/suspicion when it comes to trends, groups, and government, vigilant protester

12th house, Mardi Gras Queen:
post-natal depression/psychosis, nightmares, sleeping problems, paranormal disturbances, shadow people, face of “Eve”.. mind of “Lilith”, “Lilith” nature is not recognized by others, hold their friends close and their enemies closer, leader, popularity, lover of costumes and masks, serves others


“Many Romani from across Europe made pilgrimage to Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer in Camargue, France on 24th May to honour Sara e Kali, the Romani patron saint.

Sara’s statue is taken from the church crypt and processioned to the shore of the Mediterranean in a reenactment of her arrival in France with the ‘Maries’, the mothers of the Apostles. The town plays host to music, dancing, feasting and ritual bathing as Roma celebrate their patroness’ day.”


“Many Romani from across Europe made pilgrimage to Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer in Camargue, France on 24th May to honour Sara e Kali, the Romani patron saint.

Saint Sara’s statue is taken from the church crypt and processioned to the shore of the Mediterranean in a reenactment of her arrival in France with the ‘Maries’, the mothers of the Apostles. The town plays host to music, dancing, feasting and ritual bathing as Roma celebrate their patroness’ day.”

BRIGID (Celtic goddess-Saint)

In Celtic religion and Irish mythology, Brigid (exalted one) is the daughter of Dagda, and had two sisters, also named Brigid, and that’s why she’s considered a classic Celtic Triple deity.

Brigid is the patroness of poetry, smithing, medicine, arts and crafts, cattle and other livestock, sacred wells, the arrival of early spring, all things perceived to be of relatively high dimensions such as high-rising flames, highlands, hill-forts and upland areas; and of activities and states conceived as psychologically lofty and elevated, such as wisdom, excellence, perfection, high intelligence, poetic eloquence, craftsmanship (especially blacksmithing), healing ability, druidic knowledge and skill in warfare, and also seems to have been the Celtic equivalent of the Roman Minerva and the Greek Athena.
In the Christian era, nineteen nuns at Kildare tended a perpetual flame for the Saint, which is widely believed to be a continuation of a pre-Christian practice of women tending a flame in her honour.


Harry Potter Series: Lucy Weasley

Lucy is of Latin origin and it’s meaning is “light”. Feminine form of Lucius; vernacular form of Lucia. The feast day of Saint Lucy (fourth century), patroness of sight, is called the Festival of Light in Sweden. Lucy can also be short for Lucille.


@mythologicalnet creation event: Latvian Mythology: Saulė

Saulė is one of the most powerful deities, the goddess of life and fertility, warmth and health. She is patroness of the unfortunate, especially orphans. The Lithuanian and Latvian words for “the world” (pasaulis and pasaule) are translated as “[a place] under the Sun”.


mythologicalnet event - Latvian mythology

Saule is a solar goddess, the common Baltic solar deity in the Lithuanian and Latvian mythologies. The noun Saule in Latvian is also the conventional name for the Sun. Saule is one of the most powerful deities, the goddess of life and fertility, warmth and health. She is patroness of the unfortunate, especially orphans. Saule’s feast was celebrated during the summer solstice, and involved making wreaths, looking for the magical fern flower, burning bonfires, dancing around and leaping over the fire, and greeting the sun when it rises at around 4am next morning. It is the most joyous traditional holiday. The winter solstice is celebrated as the return of Saule.

The Bin, the creep, and the dryer

A/N: 3.1K of Sin Bin logistics, guys being dudes, and dudes being gross. I couldn’t stop laughing writing parts of this. It’s ridiculous. I’m sorry.

“Dex. Dex.”

Dex cracked an eye open. He’d been asleep on the green monstrosity, post-kegster. The light coming through the window was thin and gray, and he could hear Bitty in the kitchen, humming softly as he washed dishes. Ransom and Holster were not yet acting as cleanup crew, so they were presumably still asleep. Nursey was across the room, curled in an armchair. They’d rock-paper-scissored for the couch. The victor had surprised no one.

Standing over Dex was Chowder, his brows pinched and his hands fidgeting at his sides. “Dex,” he whispered fiercely.

“Huh?” Dex asked, tucking a yawn into his elbow.

“Dex, the dryer’s broken again.”

Dex sighed and sat up. He ran a hand over his face, wiping sleep away. “Sorry, Chow. It’s the best I can do.”

“It’s making… noises.”

“Yeah. It’ll work as long as you don’t put too much in it.”

“Dex, it sounds like it’s going to catch fire.”

“I know. We’re only $700 away from a new one. $400, probably, after last night.” After much debate, it had been the first kegster where they’d charged an entrance fee.

“This is the third day I’ve worn this pair of boxers.”

Yeah, they really needed that cash.

Dex blinked slowly, shook his head, breathed through his nose. “Ok. First, gross. Second, I – gross. Third, the washer still works. Hang up your laundry. I have a drying rack in my dorm. I don’t really need it, so I’ll bring it over.”

Chowder looked about to cry. “Thank you, Dex.” He grabbed the back of Dex’s head and rushed forward to kiss both his cheeks. By the time Dex could protest, he was already bounding up the stairs, hopefully to get his dirty laundry and fucking wash it. Dex personally hoped the others followed his example. There’d been a certain ambiance around the haus the past week.

Dex would bring over the drying rack, but a single drying rack could not handle the laundry of a haus full of hockey players. It would be a temporary solution, a bandaid over a bullet wound. He’d have to find a way to get the money soon.

Keep reading

St. Joan of Arc, the Maid of Orleans.

I’m going to take a moment to thank personally the wonderful artist who drew and/or painted this picture.

St. Joan of Arc is my confirmation (patron) saint. She has been my role model since I extensively studied her life for a 10-page paper in 8th grade, and then again before my confirmation in high school. She was a brave young woman who fought for her country and her Faith - who did God’s Will, and who struggled to do it, like we all do.

In researching her life, I found so many portraits of her in armor; in prayer; in battle; in her childhood as a shepherdess. Almost 95 percent of the time, she is praying, suffering, or fighting. Most of the time she is seen with the expression that I will call “the saint face” – that expression of ongoing suffering which is only made redemptive through Christ’s Sacrifice; that expression of complete Faith and confidence in God’s Will.

There is nothing wrong with those paintings and portrayals of the Maid of Orleans. But, the above painting makes me cherish her life story and respect her all the more.

She was a young woman - a teenager - when she followed the voices of her Saints, met with her future King, took charge of an army, and led them through several battles. She was captured, imprisoned, tried, and martyred before she had the chance to turn 20 years old.

The above painting shows that better than any I’ve ever seen. She’s young. She’s worked and fought hard. She went through so much just to get an army, let alone lead it to victory.

When I look at this painting, I see St. Joan of Arc – rejoicing, happy, and relieved. She’s not suffering. She’s not looking to the Heavens with a martyred look.

She’s looking to the Heavens with a peaceful, joyful expression - one of gratitude, one of Thanksgiving. She and her army liberated Orleans and drove out the English. Not thanks to her – but thanks to God! And she knows that.

For the moment, a weight has been lifted. God has helped the French to claim the victory, and she’s reveling in that. She’s happy knowing that she liberated her people, and that it was God’s Will to do so. Her saints’ voices are real and true. God is on her side.

There are dark times - challenges, trials, and martyrdom - ahead. Maybe she already knows that. Maybe she doesn’t. But, if she does, she’s not thinking about that. She’s grateful for the moment she has - for the mission God is helping her to carry out. She’s happy that she’s not alone, that she’s not crazy, and that she hasn’t lead her soldiers to their deaths.

She’s happy that God is on her side, and that Christ’s own arm brought about the victory!

So, thank you, wonderful artist, for painting this portrait of St. Joan the way I want to see her - how I have seen her for years: overjoyed, happy, relieved, and grateful; young and bright; strong and courageous atop her white charger. St. Joan – happy to do God’s Will – a model of us all.

St. Joan of Arc, Maid of Orleans, Patroness of France and soldiers, pray for us!


mythology meme | Slavic gods & goddesses - Morning Star

In Slavic mythology, the Zorya are the two guardian goddesses, known as the Auroras or as the Morning Star and the Evening Star. Both sisters serve the sun god Dažbog, who is in some myths described as their father. The Morning Star opens the gates to his palace each morning for the sun-chariot’s departure. At dusk, the Evening Star closes the gates once more after his return.They guard and watch over the doomsday hound, Simargl, who is chained to the star Polaris in the constellation Ursa Minor, the “little bear”. If the chain ever breaks, the hound will devour the constellation and the universe will end. 

The Morning Star is Zorya Utrennyaya (from Russian utro, meaning “morning”), a goddess of dawn who is depicted as a fully armed and courageous warrior. As the wife of Perun, Zorya Utrennyaya accompanies her husband when he rides out to do battle, and amid the fray lets down her veil to protect those warriors she favors and save them from death. She is a patroness of horses, protection, exorcism, and the planet Venus. Ancient Slavs would pray to her each morning as the sun rose. 

St. Dymphna

Other Names:  Dympna, Dimpna, Dymphnart, Damna, Demon Slayer (a reference to when mental and neurological disorders were thought to be caused by demons)

Life: 7th century

Feast day: May 15

Patronage: people with mental disorders, people with neurological disorders, runaways, victims of incest

Life story: Dymphna was born in Ireland to an unnamed Christian mother and Damon, the pagan king of Oriel. At age 14, she became Christian and took a vow of chastity. Around this time her mother died, which left her father bereaved. After his councilors advised him to remarry, King Damon stated that he would only marry someone as beautiful as his wife. Unfortunately, Dymphna was the spitting image of her mother. Upon learning that her father planned to marry her, Dymphna, along with Father Gerebernus (the local priest) and a few other members of her father’s court, fled to what is now Geel, Belgium. Here, Dymphna used her wealth to help the poor and sick of the area. However, this is how her father managed to track her down. When he could not force her to return to Ireland and marry him, King Damon beheaded Dymphna and Father Gerebernus. She was 15.

Symbols: sword, lily, palm branch, crown, lamp, book, green or white clothing, dead or chained demon

Offerings: red, green, and white candles, donations to orginizations that help people under her patronage, anything used to help treat or cope with mental disorders or neurological disorders, self-care (if you fall under her patronage)

Holy Places: 

- St. Dymphna Church, in Geel, Belgium (built over the location of her tomb), 

- US National Shrine to St. Dymphna in St. Mary’s Catholic Church, in Massillon, Ohio. (where some of her bones are)


Good Saint Dymphna, great wonder-worker in every affliction of mind and body, I humbly implore your powerful intercession with Jesus through Mary, the Health of the Sick, in my present need. (Mention it.) Saint Dymphna, martyr of purity, patroness of those who suffer with nervous and mental afflictions, beloved child of Jesus and Mary, pray to Them for me and obtain my request.

(Pray one Our Father, one Hail Mary and one Glory Be.)

Saint Dymphna, Virgin and Martyr, pray for us.

In Nervous or Emotional Distress

 I turn to you, dear virgin and martyr, confident of your power with God and of your willingness to take my cause into your hands. I praise and bless the Lord for giving you to us as patron of the nervous and emotionally disturbed. I firmly hope that through your kind intercession He will restore my lost serenity and peace of mind. May He speak to my heart and reassure me: “My peace I give you. Let not your heart be troubled nor let it be afraid.” Pray for me, dear St. Dymphna, that my nervous and emotional turmoil may cease, and that I may again know serenity and personal peace. Amen.

 In Physical Illness

 I appeal to you in my illness, dear St. Dymphna. I would be so grateful for a total and happy recovery, for the blessed gift of health in every fiber of my being. May the Lord Jesus, who mercifully healed the sick during His earthly days, have pity on me and make me well again. Ask Him to command sickness to depart and grant me a full measure of health, that I may rejoice in giving Him glory and praise. Amen.

For Relatives and Friends

 I humbly request you, dear virgin and martyr Dymphna, to take under your protection all who are bound to me by ties of blood or friendship. May all the lives which touch mine experience the blessings God is pleased to grant through your intercession. I now commend to your prayers all the intentions of all my relatives and friends. Remember also those persons who have asked me to pray for them. Pray especially for the lonely and forsaken who have no one to pray for them. Thank you, dear St. Dymphna, for remembering us all before our God and Savior. Amen.

For Any Special Need

 Glorious St. Dymphna, you are the patron of the nervous and emotionally disturbed. I am certain, however, that your charity embraces everyone. I am certain that you lend a listening ear to any prayer offered for any special need. You will, I am sure, take my problem to heart and pray for me that it may be happily settled. (Here mention your special problem or difficulty.) You will plead for me and obtain the help I need. Already I offer you my sincere and grateful thanks, so great is my confidence that God will hear and answer your prayers. Amen. 

St. Dymphna, Virgin and Martyr, pray for us. 

St. Dymphna, patron of nervous and emotional illnesses, pray for us.

 St. Dymphna, crowned for the glory in heaven, pray for us.

 St. Dymphna, faithful to your covenant with Christ, pray for us.

 St. Dymphna, precious in the eyes of the Lord, pray for us. 

St. Dymphna, our helper in every need, pray for us.

 St. Dymphna, our friend at heave’s court, pray for us.


Don Malarkey: 1x02 Day of Days// 1x08 Last Patrol

This has probably already been done, but I adore the parallels here. We have Malarkey in Day of Days, desperate to get his Luger and doing something that prompts Guarnere to comment that ‘He’s gonna need a god damn medic’ and to call him a ‘Stupid Mick’.

Then we have him in Last Patrol, at this point as Babe says later, ‘he’s lost his five best friends’ and he just wants to keep his men safe. There is nothing left of the Malarkey we saw in Day of Days.

bookscorpion  asked:

Alright, it's me with my list of topics: *people not being all that religious * women's rights *sexuality in general Thanks again :)

The thing to remember is that when I say “not that religious,” it’s relative – i.e. a person not very religious by medieval standards would still be considered quite religious today, because the church was the medium in which public and private life was framed and in which everyone took part. It’s like how pretty much most people in the West celebrate Christmas whether or not they’re religious – it is part of the civic faith of the society. However, the perception that everyone was a bunch of wild-eyed religious zealots who unquestionably accepted whatever the church said is super, SUPER wrong.

Some reading to start you off here:

Those Terrible Middle Ages!: Debunking the Myths, by Regine Pernoud (San Francisco; Ignatius Press, 2000), is the closest thing I have to a short, readable, and general history intended for a popular audience. It will give you plenty of quick facts and overall framework for, as noted, refuting some major medieval misconceptions. Everything from here on out will be more specialized/academic.

The canons of the 1215 Lateran council, summarized ( and in full ( Among them is canon 21: “Everyone who has attained the age of reason is bound to confess his sins at least once a year to his own parish pastor, or with his permission to another, and to receive the Eucharist at least at Easter.” You wouldn’t think you’d need to compel these supposedly super religious people to take communion AT LEAST ONCE A YEAR, AT EASTER, which is basically when the majority of America goes to church anyway. Hey, also try canon 42: “ No cleric may so extend his jurisdiction as to become detrimental to secular justice.” Now, I’m not gonna say this is a model of a tolerant and forward-looking legal code, because it gets pretty hairy at the end with its insistence on distinguishing Jews and Saracens from Christians and barring Jews from public office (as Innocent III was a hard-liner on this point). But have a read-through the summarized version, because it’s short, and because I guarantee it will say at least three things to make you go, “wow, I didn’t know they already thought like that in the Medieval Era.” (Which is, you know, when they are dumb and religious and etc.) There was also the Capitula de Judaeis of Richard I (my homeboy) made in 1194, which specifically legally protected the Jews of England and the Plantagenet lands in France, which – while made largely for economic reasons – represented a drastic change from the stringent anti-Semitism happening elsewhere in Europe.

Elizabeth Siberry, in Criticism of crusading, 1095-1274, examines how the clerical sources dealt with the idea of crusading and whether or not it was justified. Spoiler alert: the clerics almost always thought it was, as did the noble vernacular sources, but since this is my area of specialty, I can tell you that crusading appeals were extremely elite (focused on those who had the means and methods to go) and with the exception of the First and Third Crusades, and to some degree the Second, struggled to retain popular support after an initial highly-successful emotional appeal. Whenever the major crusades were over, the popes could call for help for the Holy Land for years, but the average layman paid no attention; they just weren’t that fussed about it. The Fourth Crusade was highly criticized and suffered from almost constant desertions, as crusaders exercised their individual right to disagree with their leaders and cynically question their supposedly Christian motives. See “The Fourth Crusade and the Just-War Theory,” for a good explanation of how the average Fourth Crusader thought, the religious influences available to them, and the decisions they made.

The Albigensian Crusade in the south of France, 1209-1229, against the schismatic group the Cathars, was also heavily criticized and viewed by contemporaries as being more about a king and pope’s political power, and its bloody excesses became infamous and condemned in its own day. Also, even a remote scanning of the history of the 13th century will see new movements and challenges to the pope’s authority popping up everywhere.

As for women, I answered a bit of this in an earlier ask, but some reading to start you off:

Medieval Maidens: Young Women and Gender in England, 1270-1540, by Kim Phillips (Manchester; Manchester University Press, 2003)

Four Queens: The Provencal Sisters Who Ruled Europe, by Nancy Goldstone (New York; Penguin, 2007)

The Beguines of Medieval Paris: Gender, Patronage, and Spiritual Authority, by Tanya Stabler Miller (Philadelphia; University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014)

As above, when I say that women were not silent/submissive/raped as we like to believe, I do have to qualify, of course, that that does not mean their situation was anywhere comparable to modern feminism. There were still distinct social roles and expectations for them, there was certainly nothing like sexual liberation/freedom (at least legally speaking, though of course practice was different), and not much in the way of legal redress for the ordinary married woman (though noblewomen had more options). However, women were fully valued in the roles they were allowed to play in society, were respected as patronesses, advisors, even rulers (as regents for a husband or son, usually, but nonetheless), and in general, had far more of a rich and varied life than popular historiography and our cherished notions of Progress would like to give them. It’s of note that people only ever complain about things being “historically inaccurate” when women are given any autonomy and agency at all. They won’t complain about physical or archaelogical or linguistic disparities, sometimes by hundreds of years, but give a woman any personhood at all, and “oh no that’s not accurate.” Which is a) BS, and b) represents a desire to indulge what I call “stylized misogyny” – i.e. the idea that it’s supposedly historically or socially acceptable to discriminate against women without consequences in this environment is half the attraction for the modern MRA type. They don’t want real history, they want their idealized history where women “knew their place.”

As noted, the situation of our foremothers was absolutely very different to ours, and feminism has made many crucial advances. But the liberal idea that it then took until the 20th century to make any of these changes at all, and that medieval women were just a bunch of meek, submissive helpmeets with no minds, personality, ambition, or respect of their own is just as dangerous.