Combining his own creativity and digital techniques, Dutch artist Bert Simons
makes incredibly lifelike sculptures of the people around him out of
paper. His paper portraits share an uncanny resemblance, and as the
technology has improved over the years, so has the quality of the
Rotterdam-based artist’s works. Each portrait first begins with
outlining his subject in little black dots (a “dot per dot” reference
method) that are then scanned into the open source cad program Bender to
create a “map” of the face, to which he applies color and texture.
Simons then prints a flat rendering that is like a little work of art in
its own right, a mask that he painstakingly cuts and glues back
together again into the pieces you see here.
Qur'an Manuscript Folio, Iran, Herat, Safavid Period, 16th century ink, gold, and colors on paper
The Qur'an is the sacred book of Islam. In the view of orthodox Muslims, it is the literal word of God as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (d. 632) in the Arabic language, and thus, recorded in the Arabic script. Because of its association with the divine word, Arabic calligraphy came to be a supreme art form in the Islamic world. As the quintessential symbol of the culture, it became a pervasive decorative element in Islamic art and architecture. Although secondary to calligraphy, a splendid tradition of illumination –that is, ornamentation with colors and gold– developed to enhance the pages of the Qur'an. Because of the prestige associated with the book arts in the Islamic world, the decorative motifs employed by illuminators (scrolling vines, blossoms, lozenges, adn cartouches) found their way into other art forms, for example, metalwork, textiles, and carpets. [x]