The Presidio Modelo was a Panopticon design prison in Cuba. The design allowed all the inmates to be watched by a single watchman without the inmates being able to tell whether or not they were being watched 1926.
Giovanni Battista Piranesi was one of the most versatile and talented artists of the 18th century. His etchings, in particular, show him to be a highly imaginative individual whose fantastical images were grounded in a firm knowledge of ancient Roman architecture and technology. Piranesi’s etchings of imaginary prison interiors, the Carceri, remain some of his most intriguing work. Comprised of colossal interior views, this series orchestrates immense architectural elements in inventive formations to create believable but entirely fabricated constructions of ambiguous and forbidding character.
The new study documents how, in the wake of the 2013 Snowden revelations (of which 87% of Americans were aware), there was “a 20 percent decline in page views on Wikipedia articles related to terrorism, including those that mentioned ‘al-Qaeda,’ “car bomb’ or ‘Taliban.‘” People were afraid to read articles about those topics because of fear that doing so would bring them under a cloud of suspicion. The dangers of that dynamic were expressed well by Penney: “If people are spooked or deterred from learning about important policy matters like terrorism and national security, this is a real threat to proper democratic debate.”
A study from PEN America writers found that 1 in 6 writers had curbed their content out of fear of surveillance and showed that writers are “not only overwhelmingly worried about government surveillance, but are engaging in self-censorship as a result.” Scholars in Europe have been accused of being terrorist supporters by virtue of possessing research materials on extremist groups, while British libraries refuse to house any material on the Taliban for fear of being prosecuted for material support for terrorism.
There are also numerous psychological studies demonstrating that people who believe they are being watched engage in behavior far more compliant, conformist and submissive than those who believe they are acting without monitoring. That same realization served centuries ago as the foundation of Jeremy Bentham’s Panopticon: that behaviors of large groups of people can be effectively controlled through architectural structures that make it possible for them to be watched at any given movement even though they can never know if they are, in fact, being monitored, thus forcing them to act as if they always are being watched. This same self-censorsing, chilling effect of the potential of being surveilled was also the crux of the tyranny about which Orwell warned in 1984.
There is a reason governments, corporations, and multiple other entities of authority crave surveillance. It’s precisely because the possibility of being monitored radically changes individual and collective behavior. Specifically, that possibility breeds fear and fosters collective conformity. That’s always been intuitively clear. Now, there is mounting empirical evidence proving it.
There was actually a deleted scene — while Shaw has the department store job — where she got to play that more. “One thing that we had shot in the first episode that ended up getting cut: Shaw was just bored out her mind at the cosmetics counter and there’s a little irrelevant number that pops up and Shaw decides to take action — she goes in and she just beats the s–t out of this guy. The cops come and they find her and she does a little smile, wink wink.” Root has to save her, and it’s the Machine’s realization that Shaw would never be able to sit still too long without committing mayhem that leads to the job with Romeo’s amateur crew. “She’s got a death wish on her, she’s an adrenaline junkie,” Shahi says of her character — and that’s what it takes to deal with someone like that.
Hopefully this deleted scene will end up in S4’s blu-ray/DVD set in future! Otherwise, what a waste it would be! Scene looks like a crackin’ hilarity between the 2 psychopaths - one trying to wriggle out of a sticky situation with the copper whilst the other ultimately saving her arse! Brilliant! :D
i mean GOD FORBID your fucking government should criminalize something you do or just “are” (anyone here a sodomite? no? raise your hands if you’re gay. guess what’s still criminalized in a lot of these united states, and what can put you in fucking prison if seen on security camera footage that is then used in court against you. guess.) and use universal surveillance to hunt you down and incarcerate, injure or kill you, or maybe even do that without the comfy bolster of criminal law, but maybe just for fun because cops are psychotic
edit: sodomy laws were “struck down” in 2003 but the police didn’t get the memo. the police will still beat you into jelly for being a poof and the police still think sodomy is illegal.
“if you aren’t doing anythign wrong you have nothing to fear” is a completely specious argument because you have no idea, unless you are literally the walking anthropomorphic manifest of the complete US (or in your case, British) criminal code if anything you are doing right now is an arrestable or punishable offense. wearing or buying bootleg designer clothing? violating copyright in any way, shape or form? jaywalking, maybe even just on a technicality? car not 100% up to code in some obscure way? salvaging furniture, food, or other usable refuse from the roadside or a dumpster (theft), maybe because you’re homeless (loitering, trespassing)?
1. they don’t care if what youre doing on that footage is “wrong” or not.
2. they don’t care if what you’re doing on that footage is “illegal” or not
3. they care about being able to find you, follow you, and potentially arrest or disable you in case they have a reason to do so.
reasons which you won’t care about until you get into a tinychat with someone who’s under investigation by the FBI, and you make a joke about blowing up a police car, and end up interrogated for three months without access to counsel (all “legal”). which is quite similar to what is happening to a number of Grand Jury Resisters around the country right now, notably in seattle. the seattle grand jury resisters had not committed any crime whatsoever, and had not even been present at the event they were being questioned about. some of them ended up in solitary confinement for months and months, again, without being charged with a crime, and without being proven to have committed a crime.
for the love of god, EDUCATE YOURSELF. “im not doing anything wrong” is not even remotely the point, kids. it’s meaningless to the topic at hand, and unless you genuinely believe the entire government, every single person in power from the president/prime minister down to the DMV desk workers has Your Best Interests At Heart and WOuld Never Do Anything Bad To Me Unless I Deserved it, you should be worried about universal surveillance. especially if you are anything other than a heterosexual, cis, white, conservative taxpayer.
Elevation, section and plan of Jeremy Bentham’s Panopticon penitentiary, drawn by Willey Reveley, 1791 The Panopticon is a type of institutional building designed by English philosopher and social theorist Jeremy Bentham in the late 18th century. The concept of the design is to allow a watchman to observe (-opticon) all (pan-) inmates of an institution without their being able to tell whether they are being watched or not.
The design consists of a circular structure with an “inspection house” at its centre, from which the managers or staff of the institution are able to watch the inmates, who are stationed around the perimeter. Bentham conceived the basic plan as being equally applicable to hospitals, schools, sanatoriums, daycares, and asylums, but he devoted most of his efforts to developing a design for a Panopticon prison, and it is his prison which is most widely understood by the term.
Bentham himself described the Panopticon as “a new mode of obtaining power of mind over mind, in a quantity hitherto without example.” Elsewhere, he described the Panopticon prison as “a mill for grinding rogues honest”.