pan africanists

violaslayvis submitted:

I would like to submit my friend Shay, a bi black trans scholar & organizer in Chicago. From his website “I’m Shay Akil McLean (, I’m a Pan Africanist (Nkrumah Toureist/scientific socialist) & anti-colonial community organizer (on & offline). I’m a Transman of African descent on stolen Indigenous land, writer, public intellectual, human skeletal biologist & sociologist.

I’m a sociologist & biological anthropologist studying STS/HASTS, bioethics, medical ethics, philosophy of biology, genomics, health, knowledge production and medicine. As a scholar I study how systemic inequity results in the differential distribution of health, illness, quality of life, and death. I’m currently working on my PhD in Sociology, specializing in STS/HASTS, genomics, & bioinformatics.

My academic work includes studying the impact of social, political, & economic inequality on human skeletal biology. My Master’s work looked at the impact of food insecurity, high poverty, & racial residential segregation on the dental health of poor Blacks in the 4th poorest city in the U.S..  It is through this work that I aim to construct community based grassroots interventions that change the marginalized’s relationships to knowledge and power to strategically gain equitable access to the very resources that heavily impact disease risk & life determinants while also resisting the ever present processes of settlement and displacement.”

He consistently provides invaluable knowledge on both on his website & his twitter so any donations at would go directly towards a black trans person.

African Affirmation

We are an African People

Robbed from our homeland

Robbed of our names

Our languages

Our cultures

Our religions

Our womanhood

Our manhood

Our sisterhood

Our brotherhood

Our motherhood

Our fatherhood

Our selfhood

Our nationhood

And our self-respect

But We Shall Rise!

Never Fall Again!

Up You Mighty Race!

You Can Accomplish What You Will

No Justice! No Peace!


“Cuba can teach America so many things. Fidel Castro is a Pan-Africanist of the highest order.” -Kwame Ture (1941-1998), Pan-Africanist socialist revolutionary. Today is his 76th birthday.

awesomedanderegirl  asked:

What's pan-africanist? Did I spell that right?

In a nutshell:

A Pan-Africanist is an African who embraces the Pan-African Ideology & Mission.

The Pan-African Ideology is one who acknowledges the historical, political, economic, and cultural ties of All Africans, on the African Continent and in the African Diaspora.

The Pan-African Mission is to formalize the historical, political, economic, and cultural ties between all Africans in order to liberate Africans who are under oppression, the sustainable management of African resources, and the deconstruction of Systems and Institutions of Oppression and Ecocide.

Queen Mother Moore, born July 27, 1898

Queen Mother Moore was a Black nationalist and Pan Africanist leader in the U.S. for over 60 years. In the 1920s she was a member of Marcus Garvey’s United Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), then in the 1930s joined the campaign to free the Scottsboro Nine and through that joined the Communist Party, which she was a member of until the party dropped its support for Black self-determination.

She organized the first Black rent strikes in New York City and helped form the Harriet Tubman Association, which worked to organize Black women workers including domestic workers. She was president of the Universal Association of Ethiopian Women and the Committee for Reparations for Descendants of U.S. Slaves. In 1955 she helped begin a campaign demanding that the U.S. government pay reparations to Black people for slavery and ongoing oppression. She joined Malcolm X’s Organization of Afro-American Unity. She was a founder of the African American Cultural Foundation, Inc., which led the fight against usage of the slave term “Negro”. In 1957, Moore presented a petition to the United Nations and a second in 1959, arguing for self-determination, against genocide, for land and reparations.

In the 1960s she was a founding member of the Republic of New Africa which advocated Black self-determination in the Black Belt South. Taking the first of many trips to Africa in 1972 to attend Kwame Nkrumah’s funeral, she was given the honorary name "Queen Mother” by members of the Ashanti people in Ghana.

Queen Mother Moore died in 1996 at the age of 98.

Via Freedom Road Socialist Organization (Fight Back!)

anonymous asked:

Diallo, I know you said you at pro-homosexuality. Do you really believe that there is no Gay agenda that's affecting the black community. And also please explain how you can be pro homosexuality and a pan Africanist at the same time because to me the 2 does not mix.

How many ways can you keep asking me the same question Anon?

Here we go Again:

There is no Gay Agenda targeting the Black Community, I’ve read many off those who make this assertion, but none of it holds up, I’ll point out some of their arguments. There are Elite & Corporate interest that have been capitalizing on the Gay Rights Movement, like they do to all integration social movements from Civil Rights, to Women’s Rights, etc (but that’s another issue).

But back to the fallacious assertions about the Gay Agenda:

1. Some say that exposure to Homosexual content will turn Heterosexuals into Homosexuals and that the White man is putting more Homosexual content in the media to turn us into Homosexuals: I’ve found no evidence that exposure to Homosexual content can change an individual’s sexual orientation.

Even if this were true, we live in what’s now called a Hetero-Normative society, and all of the media, even the Liberal media, all of Black media, mainstream and underground is dominated by Hetro content, and has a strong Hetro slant, way above and beyond any Homo content.

So, there would be more Homos turned Hetro than Hetros turned Homo if this fallacious assertion about Gay Shit on the TV or in movies, or in music turned people Gay. Also, there is no evidence that the overall number, or percentage of LGBTQAIs are increasing in the overall human population even though LGBTQAIs are more visible than ever in the media, in textbooks, and in the streets (depending on where you live).

2. Having so many Gay people will limit our capacity to reproduce ourselves, thus the Gay Agenda is gonna bring Genocide to the Black Race: this one again has no historical, political, or even epidemiological truth.  

There have been many Genocide Agendas across the globe, many aimed at Black populations, not one of them has ever included promoting homosexuality among the masses. In fact, all of the campaigns of Genocide, and those who carried them out were violently anti-Homosexual. From the Nazis (who put (open) Gays in Concentration Camps), to the Founding Fathers that exterminated Natives of the New World (who legally banned sodomy, and would incarcerate, tar & feather, or exile homosexuals), to those imposing Genocide policies in the Hood today, the Far-Right, Conservatives, and Neo-Liberals; they have a staunch anti-Homo stance.

Genocide & population reduction is now a systematic, scientific process, and no Genocidal agency or plan would waste time with such an ineffective genocide tactic as trying to “turn” their victims gay so they don’t have children.  

3. Some have argued that Gay, or Effeminate men are less able to protect our community, less likely to fight to defend our people, or join the Black Liberation struggle, but yet again, there’s too much evidence to support this.  

There have been many open and closeted LGBTQAIs in all of our movements at all levels, from Integrationist to far left organizaitons. Also, there’s no evidence that being Heterosexual makes you more willing to struggle and sacrifice for your people, and being Gay make you less likely.  

Just look at CeCe McDonal, a Transwoman who cut the throat of a White Racist Aggressor, if CeCe was a CisHet dude instead of Trans she’d be CeCe a fucking folk hero, CeCe’s face would be on T-shirts and posters all over the hood.

So, Black LGBTQAIs, in terms of their political engagement or willingness to fight are not much different than that Black masses, it’s just that many Militants prefer to ignore or downplay the political engagement of Black LGBTQAIs or we accuse them of not being sincere in joining the Black Struggle, we say they just here to push the Gay Agenda.  

There’s a Lesbian academic facing death threats for speaking up about Black Oppression right now, she’s a professor at an IV League School, Sistah has made it, but she used her position to elevate our issues, many Heteros that get that far up would never say shit, cuz they don’t wanna jeopardize their station. I personally know a Hetro Academic who knows all about oppression but won’t speak up at his institutions or in mixed company.

Who and how you fuck don’t really control your political engagement. We got Coons and Freedom fighters on all sides. 

There are many more accusations leveled against Black LGBTQAI, and none of them have held up under critical examination.  I’m a person who spends a considerable amount of time examining active and potential threats to Africans and the African Diaspora, and it’s true that we are a Race of people under siege, so it’s irresponsible to distract our people or direct our limited resources towards non-threats when we have so many real and active threats to contend with as a people. 

I can be pro-Homosexuality, and Pan-Africanist cuz there are  LGBTQAI Africans! It’s that simple. If you are excluding Africans, or creating sects within the African population, then you ain’t Pan-African, you are Selective-African. Pan means “All-Inclusive,” literally, that’s what it means. Pan-African means All-Africans! So I’m obligated to be pro-All Africans even if they into shit that I’m not into, as long as they are Pan-African, and working in our collective best interest as well. 

But you have to remember your previous questions, you forced me to pic Pro- or Anti-, I don’t normally call myself Pro-Homosexual, but yall in the Black Straight Pride Movement call anyone who’s not violently Anti-Gay, Pro-Gay; so by your standard and definition I’d be Pro-Homo, and I ain’t interested in arguing that point.  

I’ve also been called Homophobic by people on the other side of this issue, due to my ongoing criticism of the Gay Rights Movement.  Just got called Homophobic behind my comments about Trump’s Trans-Ban in the military. So, I’ve learn that people will label you what they need to to sustain their own positions and conclusions, and the accuracy of those labels don’t matter to those who give them, so be it.

If you allowed me to say what I am I’d say I’m Pro Justice, Pro Liberation, Pro African, etc. also I’m Anti Persecution, Anti Repression, Anti Irrationality. So, when I see LGBTQAIs being subjected to Repression, Persecution, or targeted by  irrational fears about them and their impact on the larger community, WTF can I do, but be true to my own principles?

I know I’ve mocked you in the past, but real Talk “I ain’t mad at cha.” (In my Tupac voice.)

I was there, I was aggressively Anti-LGBTQAI, even wrote Anti-LGBTQAI poems and shit. But then I actually took time to look at the issue rationally.

I realized much of my views on Gays was rooted in my Catholic/Methodist/Baptist/Islamic upbringing (I went to catholic school, my Grandparents were Methodist, my mother was Baptist, and my Father and older brothers were Muslims.)  Even though all of these religious sects had their disagreements, they all agreed about the Homos, it was all Fire and Brimstone, Sodam and Gomorrah; and from a very early ages I was like “cool, OK, the Fags are evil.” 

I abandoned religion at 14, and became an Atheist by the time I was like 23, but I still held to much of my early religious indoctrination, including my position on that Gay Shit.  Getting married forced me to examine my positions about the role of men and woman in a family, household, and the Movement. I was like “wow, here I am acting like a damn Puritanical Pilgrim towards my Revolutionary Black wife, but I’m supposed to be Pan-African and an Atheist.”  

After that I started to deal with all of my residue from my Religious and Negro indoctrination, including Homosexuality, I was able to develop a more rational understanding of the issue, and I hope you eventually get there as well, it took me time to; but I think I’m a more effective organizer because of it. 

Oh, and it’s OK to be repulsed by “mahn pun mahn, or oman pun oman,” it’s not your preference or your lifestyle or whatever.  It’s OK to even refuse to associate with LGBTQAI people (more likely than not, you do not have LGBTQAI people clamoring to get into your social circle anyway).

It’s even OK to join movements that are exclusively Heterosexual (it’s Reactionary, but it’s your right). I ain’t telling you to be the Grand Marshal of your Local Pride Parades Homie; but it’s not OK to persecute LGBTQAI people or accuse their community of shit they ain’t done or intend to do, cuz that provokes violence and compounding oppression. It’s that simple. LGBTQAI supporters don’t agree with this, but then can be irrational too. 

I accept that were will always be people who don’t wanna deal with other people for whatever reasons. Fortunately we don’t all need to “get along” to Get Free, we just have to have respect, even for those we don’t agree with.

I’m not for integration, multiculturalism, or multisexualism; none of that shit. I’m for Libertarian, and Liberated people can mix, match, and mingle how they see fit. 

I’m a Vegan, Atheist, XboX users, and I don’t particularity like keeping the company with meat eating, god fearing, PlayStation using folks; but when it’s time to do the work of the people, I’m putting those preferences aside and uniting with any of my people who are down to do the work, then we can go back to our own sub-sections and sub-cultures to chill until it’s time to build again. I don’t know why this shit is so hard for us Woke folks to figure out. 

Accepting the Rights, Humanity, and Reality of Gays is not an endorsement, it don’t make you Gay, in fact, the LGBTQAI don’t need or want your approval for their activities in the bed anymore then you want theirs for your Heterosexual (and I’m sure pure) sexual desires and actions. 

If you don’t wanna work with LGBTQAI, more likely than not, they won’t wanna work with you either, but they ain’t the enemy, unless they are (like Gay Cops or Gay Capitalist and shit). LOL! 

Make sure you focus your efforts on the real enemies, there are many people in the Movement who are making money and gaining power by selling you false threats like the “Gay Agenda,” but if you truly Conscious, you won’t fall for that. 

Finally, if yall Pro-Black Family Black Conservatives were really about the Black Family, you’d never wanna return to the era where LGBTQAIs were not allowed to express their preferences and live out their true selves; because you’d once again have thousands if not millions of these repressed men and women trying to front, getting married to you Puritanical folks.

Wouldn’t you want to know that the woman you are courting is truly into your and not being forced to be on your arm by society while checking for your auntie on the side? Don’t you want your daughter to be with a man who’s really into her and her vagina instead of a dude who prefers men and dicks, but has to hide it cuz he can face violence assault if he doesn’t? The only way to do this is to allow Gays to be Gay. Just look as societies like Saudi Arabia, or Uganda who violently persecute Gays, they still got Gay people, even when the US was banning, torturing, and incarcerating LGBTQAIs, all the way up until the Stone Wall Riots of in 1969, you had Gay folks all over doing Gay shit. 

Hell, I met this Sister in a Reggae Club in conservative Kansas City back in 1997, she had locks, dark skin, and all other features that I like; so I tried to holla, she was friendly, but eventually told me she was a Lesbian, and that was it. I’d hate to image if she was afraid to do so, and we sparked some shame relationship, that’d be problem for me, her, and if shit went too far, for our offspring. 

I really don’t know why yall think persecution and suppression of Gays will work out good for yall, even if you don’t respect the humanity and value of LGBTQAI people, you should support full rights for LGBTQAIs for selfish reason, but yall Straight Pride folks ain’t too big on reason and rationality. 

It’s been a while since I answered any of my blog questions, so I’m trying to make up for that in this one response. LOL, but now I’m tired of typing, so I’m done, until next time Anon. 

anonymous asked:

Why are the words "social justice warrior" often abbreviated "SJW" used as a pejorative especially and specifically by right wingers? Also, do you consider yourself a social justice warrior? Why or why not, and do you have any issues with the term even outside of it's political context?

I don’t hear that title tossed around too often in my circles, it’s kinda a White Thing, but I do understand why Right Wingers like to mock and demean titles, concept, and efforts aimed at bringing about balance and justice in society.

Right Wingers are fucking psychopaths, they lack the capacity for empathy, and they like to project their own psychopathy onto others.

Since they lack the capacity for human or humane thoughts, they think that people who express humanity are being insincere.  When you tell a Right Winger that you want justice, you want to help the poor, that you want to reduce or abolish Racism, and shit like that, they truly believe that you are conning them, that you are working some kinda angle.  People who are savages really don’t believe that there is any good in humanity, because they are the fullest and highest representation of humanity, and no one is better than them, and they lack humanity. 

You can’t reform a psychopath, you can’t educate them, evidence is all but irrelevant to them.  You can only kill them, reduce their capacity to act on their psychopathic impulses, or create distance and barriers between you and the psychopath.

Some scholars estimate that between 10-25% of all people are psychopaths, but Western Culture is so structured that the psychopaths of the White Race are best suited to rise to and sustain positions of power and influence. Capitalism is a psychopaths paradise because all of the traits of the psychopath are greatly rewarded in under Capitalism, and by extension in Western Culture.  Unfortunately, Global White Domination has also lead to a situation where, cultures that normally shunned, banished, or executed psychopaths are now forced to allow the psychopaths within their Race/Nations to rise and have undue influence over the people of non-Western Cultures.

So, just get used to seeing any movements, large or small efforts to bring justice, ecology, and humanity to the fore be mocked, and if those movements begin to grain too much influence they will by attacked by this psychopathic, Right Wing System and its paid goons.  

Here are my top 3 books on the topic:

  1. The Psychopathic Racial Personality. 
  2. Yurugu: An African-centered Critique of European Cultural Thought and Behavior.
  3. The Iceman’s Inheritance.  

I don’t refer to myself as a Social Justice Warrior, or any kinda warrior really, I’m not really a warrior, but people like to play lose and fast with such terms.

I am a Pan-Africanist, a Revolutionist.  I study, advocate for, and organize to bring about Revolution for the Liberation of the Global African Populace, and our lands.  At this stage of the struggle, I do a lot of reading, writing, educating, mobilizing, planning, blogging, broadcasting, coordinating, accumulating (resources), conceptualizing, building, gardening, designing, managing, and other shit; I don’t engage in armed or hand-to-hand combat (outside of martial arts and communal fitness training).

If the struggle (in my areas of operation) comes to that within my lifetime I’m willing to escalate, and I stay fit and willing to do whatever the Struggle demands at any given time; but our struggle (in my areas of operation) needs more researchers and organizers than it needs warriors; but if researchers, organizers, managers, administrators, fund raisers, and others wanna call themselves warriors, I don’t have a big issue with it, but I do think it’s a bit insensitive to those who are at the stage of Armed Resistance, and Conflict in their areas of operation.  The active warriors engaged in Warfare against oppression like in Nigeria, Palestine, Haiti, US prisons, the Amazon, Papua New Guinea, etc; need our solidarity and support, not for us to play Warrior, Guerrilla, and Soldiers here in the Belly of the Beast, where the Struggle is not at the stage.    

Those who are currently engage in open and direct armed combat against the agents of Imperialism are the real Social Justice Warriors; you ain’t a Warrior if you are organizing a protest, or securing heirloom seeds for you Urban Ag spaces (like I was this weekend).  But that’s OK, cuz Warriors, Scholars, Growers, Builders, Philosophers, Artist, Nurturers, Healers, and even Thieves, Hoez, and Hustlers are all needed in this struggle and have relevance.

Note: There are many who live in my community on the South Side of Chicago who refer to it as a War Zone, and people engaged in various sides of the conflicts and struggles as Soldiers, or Warriors; but none of this is technically accurate, but I understand people using such terminology to drive home the urgency and severity of the crisis; and I don’t debate them about the terms. What’s happening in Chicago is Subjugation, Encirclement, and Divestment of a population, it’s Ghettoization, which is a genocidal process; but we can’t call it a real war until there is a coordinated and sustained fight between the opposing forces in this conflict, we can’t call the armed factions warriors or soldiers until that have a political objective; beyond survival, reactionary violence and settling internal and lateral beefs.  I’m not trying to diminish the conflicts, because a death is a death in a War Zone or a Ghetto, in Syria or the South Side of Chicago; but we have to put them in their proper political context in order to develop viable solutions.  But that’s a whole different discussion.  

Isn’t it weird that people who criticize pan-Africanism are seen as dangers to this postcard vision of a United Africa. You would think that the ethnic cleansings,systemic corruption, ethnic and religious discrimination/violence, invasions, destruction of the environment, classism etc that many enthusiastic pan-Africanists readily ignore would be the dangers.

anonymous asked:

Do you think it is possible for the descendants of enslaved Africans have a real future in America or do we need to escape?

No, there is no real future for Africans in America, but there is no escape either.

There’s not futures for Americans in America either, they are just too pathological to accept this; this System is Omincidal, meaning it is killing everything, not just Black people, but all people, all animals, even bacterial life forms, it is killing all of the world’s ecosystems and disrupting the very atmosphere of the planet.  So there’s no future for any living thing in America.

America is not just limited to the borders of the United States, it’s not even a physical place; America is a construct of Western Culture, it exists in the minds, the mentalities, the value systems, the world view of people.  The land mass we call the United States was here millions of years before America and will be here long after America is gone.

All nations exists in the mind, the State is the physical apparatus of the nation, but the nation is psychological.  That’s way all nations need flags, rallies, holidays, patriotic songs, founding fathers, and other propagandistic shit to indoctrinate people into accepting this artificial construct of the Nation.  The nation is not a natural or fully real thing.

So America will have to be dismantled in the minds of people, and the State; the Systems and Institutions of America will have to be dismantled or re-purposed in the world.

There is no escape because as I said, America is not limited within the borders of the United States.  The media, the weapons, the pollution, the military, the economic system, the genocide, and omnicide of America is global, there isn’t one ecosystem, on population of people who are not impacted by America, directly, negatively.  Not one creature that dosen’t have toxic pollutants in their organs and bloodstream, not one mother who doesn’t have Dioxin in her breast milk, not no one human being that isn’t impacted by the US military, not one on this planet.  There is no escaping America.

America is merely the inheritor of the Crown of Global White Domination, it got it from the Imperialism States of Western Europe.  So if America did fall, or achieved the virtually impossible task of abandoning it’s imperial rule over the world, and abandoning Industrial Capitalism before it totally collapsed, there’s a strong change that another nation would take the Crown of Global White Domination. 

What’s even worse is that Obama and the Chinese Communist Party have shown the world that you don’t even have to be White to Advance Global White Domination or Omnicidal Industrial Capitalism; so the nation that inherits the crown of Global White Domination will not even have to be a European or White nation!  That’s because even though this Omncidal mentality and way of organizing human social and economic relations was birth in Europe, the Europeans have spent the last 500 year infecting the world with it.  So there are many White “Supremacist” who are not White; a White Supremacist in this day and age is anyone who holds White culture, values, ideology, agendas as supreme. 

So where the hell you gonna go to escape America, the American mentality, the American agenda?  You will find more White Supremacist in Africa than Pan-Africanist.  Africans praying to White Gods, pursing the “American Dream,” trying to Americanize African cultures and nations. 

There’s no escape, escape is not an option.  What is an option is finding a better vantage point in which to mount effective opposition to the Omicide being imposed on the world by the West and their followers.

If African, Latin America, or some place outside of the US would provide you with what you need to be a better person, a better Revolutionist, a better father, mother, community member; then by all means go there.  But don’t go there with the intent to escape, go there with the intent to be more effective in your Resistance, no matter what form your resistance may take.


Hundreds of protesters placed brooms on the grave of former Burkina Faso leader Thomas Sankara on Sunday in a symbolic demand for justice for the murdered revolutionary hero.

Sankara was killed in a 1987 French-backed military coup, which brought his rival and French puppet Blaise Compaore to power. Compaore – Sankara’s former comrade-turned-rival, who seized power in the coup – has long been implicated in the assassination.

Following Compaore’s ouster in October, calls for justice have mounted, with the revolutionary hero’s widow, Mariam Sankara, telling reporters last month that she hoped the fall of the former French-backed dictator would pave the way for an investigation into his death.

On Sunday, protesters gathered at the Dagnoen cemetery, east of the capital Ouagadougou, demanding a closure into one of Africa’s most controversial political assassinations.

“The broom has a symbolic meaning for some ethic groups, asking the dead person to point out who killed them,” said the artist Smockey, one of the founders of “Balai Citoyen” (Citizen’s Broom) group, which helped organise the protests that led to Compaore’s downfall.

“It’s an appeal for the reopening of the Sankara case,” he added.

“We succeeded in winning a first step towards victory (with the fall of Compaore). Now we are at the second step — for justice. The third will be the rehabilitation (of Sankara) and the spreading of his ideas,” Smockey told some 300 people gathered around the grave of Sankara and 12 of his comrades killed in the coup.
A pan-Africanist revolutionary, Sankara transformed what was then the former French colony of Upper Volta into Burkina Faso, or, the “Land of the Upright Men”. His spirit loomed large during the recent anti-Compaore protests.

Twenty-seven years after his murder, the circumstances around his death – especially as to who exactly killed him and who ordered it – remains a mystery.

As Sankara’s stature as a legendary figure grew across the continent, with fans adopting his signature red beret and protesters across Africa waving his photograph, the mystery and intrigue behind Sankara’s assassination has only increased.

Interim president Michel Kafando, who took over from Compaore after torturous talks between the military and civilian leaders, promised to investigate whether the remains in the grave were actually those of Sankara. His family have been asking in vain since 1997 for an investigation amid claims that the corpse buried there was not his.

The Sankara case “will be entirely reopened and justice will be done”, Kafando said in early December.

Many in the crowd at the Dagnoen cemetery, including political leaders, demanded that the authorities turn their words into deeds.

❤️You are Beautiful just the way you are❤️
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Tammie Beale
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Today in Black History- February 8th, 2014

  • On this day in 1990, Andy Rooney suspended for racist comments. Andy Rooney, a CBS “60 Minutes” commentator, received a 90-day suspension from work because of racist remarks about African Americans attributed to him by Chris Bull, a New York-based reporter for “The Advocate,” a bi-weekly national gay & lesbian newsmagazine published in Los Angeles. Bull quoted Rooney as having said during an interview: “I’ve believed all along that most people are born with equal intelligence, but Blacks have watered down their genes because the less intelligent ones are the ones that have the children. They drop out of school early, do drugs, and get pregnant.”

  • On this day in 1996, Figure skater Debi Thomas wins the Women’s Singles. Debra Janine “Debi” Thomas ( is an American figure skater and physician. She is the 1986 World champion, two-time U.S. national champion and 1988 Olympic bronze medalist, having taken part in the Battle of the Carmens at those games.Thomas became the first African American to win the Women’s Singles of the U.S. National Figure Skating Championship competition, was a pre-med student at Stanford University.

  • On this day in 1986, Oprah Winfrey becomes the first African American woman to host a nationally syndicated talk show.Oprah Gail Winfrey  is an American media proprietor, talk show host, actress, producer, and philanthropist. Winfrey is best known for her multi-award-winning talk show The Oprah Winfrey Show which was the highest-rated program of its kind in history and was nationally syndicated from 1986 to 2011. She has been ranked the richest African-American of the 20th century, the greatest black philanthropist in American history,and is currently North America’s only black billionaire. She is also, according to some assessments, the most influential woman in the world. In 2013, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama and an honorary doctorate degree from Harvard.

  • On this day in 1985, Brenda Renee Pearson an official court reporter for the House of Representatives was the first black female to record the State of the Union message delivered by the president in the House chambers.

  • On this day in 1978, Leon Spinks defeated Muhammad Ali for heavyweight boxing championship. Ali regained the title on September 15 and became the person to win the title three times. Spinks is an American former boxer, who had an overall record of 26 wins, 17 losses and three draws as a professional, with 14 of those wins by knockout. In only his eighth professional bout, Spinks won the undisputed world heavyweight championship when he beat Muhammad Ali on February 15, 1978, in what was considered one of the biggest upsets in boxing history. However, he was stripped of the WBC title for fighting Ali in an unapproved rematch seven months later, which he lost by a 15-round unanimous decision. Besides being heavyweight champion and his characteristic gap-toothed grin (due to losing two and later all four of his front teeth), Spinks gained notoriety for the disaster which befell his career following the loss to Ali.

  • On this day in 1974, Lieutenant-Colonel Aboubakar Sangoulé Lamizana, president of Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), ousted the prime minister, dissolved the parliament and suspended the 1970 constitution. Major General Aboubakar Sangoulé Lamizana was the second president of Upper Volta (since 1984 renamed Burkina Faso), in power from January 3, 1966 to November 25, 1980. He held the additional position of Prime Minister from February 8, 1974 to July 7, 1978.
  • On this day in 1968, Gary Coleman was born in Zion, Illinois. Gary Wayne Coleman was an American actor, known for his childhood role as Arnold Jackson in the American sitcom Diff’rent Strokes (1978–1986) and for his small stature as an adult. He was described in the 1980s as “one of television’s most promising stars”. After a successful childhood acting career, Coleman struggled financially later in life. In 1989, he successfully sued his parents and business advisor over misappropriation of his assets, only to declare bankruptcy a decade later. in 2003, he was a candidate for the California recall election and later on placed 8th out of 135 candidates, receiving 14,242 votes. 

  • On this day in 1968, Officers killed three students during demonstration on the campus of South Carolina State in Orangeburg, South Carolina. Students were protesting segregation at an Orangeburg bowling alley. The Orangeburg massacre is the most common name given to an incident in which nine South Carolina Highway Patrol officers in Orangeburg, South Carolina, fired into a crowd of protesters demonstrating against segregation at a bowling alley near the campus of South Carolina State College, a historically black college. Three men were killed and twenty-eight persons were injured; most victims were shot in the back. One of the injured was a pregnant woman. She had a miscarriage a week later due to her beating by the police. It was the first unrest on a university campus resulting in deaths of protesters in the U.S.The event pre-dated the 1970 Kent State shootings and Jackson State killings, in which the National Guard at Kent State, and police and state highway patrol at Jackson State killed student protesters demonstrating against the United States invasion of Cambodia during the Vietnam War.

  • On this day in 1964, Malcolm X founded the Organization of Afro-American Unity. Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little and also known as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz] (Arabic: الحاجّ مالك الشباز‎), was an African-American Muslim minister and a human rights activist. To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; detractors accused him of preaching racism and violence. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history. The Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU) was a Pan-Africanist organization founded by Malcolm X in 1964. The OAAU was modeled on the Organisation of African Unity, which had impressed Malcolm X during his visit to Africa in April and May 1964. The purpose of the OAAU was to fight for the human rights of African Americans and promote cooperation among Africans and people of African descent in the Americas.

  • On this date in 1944, Harry S. McAlpin was the first African American journalist admitted to a white house press conference.McAlpin covered Presidents Roosevelt and Truman for fifty-one black newspapers. He was also a Navy war correspondent and spokesman for the Department of Agriculture. Later McAlpin practiced law in Louisville, Kentucky, and was president of the local chapter of the NAACP. He died in 1985.

  • On this day in 1925, Marcus Garvey was taken to Atlanta Federal Penitentiary and incarcerated for his conviction of mail fraud. Students staged a strike at Fisk University to protest the policies of the white administration. He was later on deported back to Jamaica from New Orleans after Coolidge commuted his sentence.Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr., ONH was a Jamaican political leader, publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and orator who was a staunch proponent of the Black nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements, to which end he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL). He founded the Black Star Line, part of the Back-to-Africa movement, which promoted the return of the African diaspora to their ancestral lands.Prior to the twentieth century, leaders such as Prince Hall, Martin Delany, Edward Wilmot Blyden, and Henry Highland Garnet advocated the involvement of the African diaspora in African affairs. Garvey was unique in advancing a Pan-African philosophy to inspire a global mass movement and economic empowerment focusing on Africa known as Garveyism. Promoted by the UNIA as a movement of African Redemption, Garveyism would eventually inspire others, ranging from the Nation of Islam to the Rastafari movement (which proclaims Garvey as a prophet).Garveyism intended persons of African ancestry in the diaspora to “redeem” the nations of Africa and for the European colonial powers to leave the continent. His essential ideas about Africa were stated in an editorial in the Negro World entitled “African Fundamentalism”, where he wrote: “Our union must know no clime, boundary, or nationality… to let us hold together under all climes and in every country”

  • On this day in 1894, Congress repeals the Enforcement Act which makes it easier for some states to disenfranchise African American voters.The Enforcement Acts were three bills passed by the United States Congress between 1870 and 1871. They were criminal codes which protected blacks’ right to vote, to hold office, to serve on juries, and receive equal protection of laws. The laws also allowed the federal government to intervene when states did not act. These acts were passed following the ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which gave full citizenship to anyone born in the United States or freed slaves, and the Fifteenth Amendment, which banned racial discrimination in voting. At the time, the lives of all newly freed slaves, and their political and economic rights were being threatened. This threat led to the creation of the Enforcement Acts.

  • On this day in 1884, Cetshwayo, king of the Zulus, died. Cetshwayo kaMpande was the King of the Zulu Kingdom from 1872 to 1879 and their leader during the Anglo-Zulu War (1879). His name has been transliterated as Cetawayo, Cetewayo, Cetywajo and Ketchwayo. He famously led the Zulu nation to victory against the British in the Battle of Isandlwana.

  • On this day in 1734, Intendant Gilles Hocquart issued an ordinance to curb slave escapes, directing the militia to recover a runaway and imposing fines on those who aided him in New France (now called Quebec). Hocquart was born in 1694, in Sainte-Croix, Mortagne-au-Perche to Jean-Hyacinthe Hocquart. From September, 1729 to August, 1748, Hocquart served as Intendant of New France, this being the longest lasting intendancy contract in the colony’s history. Hocquart put his faith in the Canadian bourgeoisie as the main player in the development of a profitable economy for the colony. Although his ideas were grand, he did not recognize the flaws that were already impeding the economy at a smaller scale. After a few rentable years, New France’s fragile economy began to crumble, and by the end of his contract, Hocquart was held responsible for too many extraodinary expenses. He was called home and replaced by Francois Bigot. Nonetheless, the years between 1737 and 1741 were among the most prosperous in the history of New France.