pamela palmater


Justin Trudeau Not Fulfilling Promises Made to First Nations

Canada is about to see struggles like the one against the Dakota Access Pipeline within its own borders, says Pamela Palmater

anonymous asked:

What were you referencing with mass starvation on the plains and the scalp bounties? Also with the 60s scoop, was it just that native kids were taken out of their family's houses and put into white families houses, or were they taken away from harmful unfit households and families and put with white families, like what are the details of it and Why was it done ? There must be more to it than that you know?

John A Macdonald used Starvation as a weapon:

As a tactic of colonial expansion, Macdonald used starvation as a weapon against Indigenous peoples. As James Dascuk documented in Clearing the Plains: Politics, Starvation, and the Loss of Aboriginal Life,

“For years, government officials withheld food from Aboriginal people until they moved to their appointed reserves, forcing them to trade freedom for rations. Once on reserves, food placed in ration houses was withheld for so long that much of it rotted while the people it was intended to feed fell into a decades-long cycle of malnutrition, suppressed immunity and sickness from tuberculosis and other diseases. Thousands died.”

This tactic continues, as Mi'kmaq lawyer and activist Pamela Palmater explained:

“Can you think of any Prime Minister, President or World Leader that would withhold food, water, or health care as a bullying tactic to force its citizens into compliance with a new government law, policy or scheme? Can you ever imagine this happening in Canada? I don’t think most of us could.
Yet, this is exactly what is happening with Harper’s implementation of the illegal C-27. Minister of Aboriginal Affairs Bernard Valcourt has threatened to cut off funds for food, water and health care if First Nations do not get in line and abide by this new legislation – despite the fact that it was imposed without legal consultation and is now being legally challenged. How many First Nations children will have to die for Harper to sit down and work this out with First Nations?”

Scalping of the Mi’kmaq:

In what is now Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, hard, fierce battles were fought between the Mi’kmaq and the British as the Mi’kmaq struggled to stop the takeover of their lands by the British settlers. After the French lost control of Acadia in 1710, the British, increasingly uncomfortable with the bond between the Acadians and the Mi’kmaq, went so far as to ban social interaction between the two groups. This fear, additionally fed by raids by the Mi’kmaq on British settlements, grew to the atrocious point that the British offered bounties for the scalps of Mi’kmaq men, women and children. The 1749 Scalp Proclamation was decreed, and as such, was designed to wipe out the entire Nation by offering bounties for scalps of men, women and children; it was rescinded in 1752 but skirmishes between the British and Mi’kmaq led to Nova Scotia Governor, Charles Lawrence, to enact the British Scalp Proclamation of 1756 which offered a bounty for every live male prisoner over 16 and a slightly reduced bounty for the scalp of every male prisoner 16 and over; equal bounties were offered for women and children prisoners - with the incentive being on prisoners as opposed to scalps, it was not quite as devastating as the 1749 Scalp Proclamation.

No, the 60′s scoop took literally took children from their parents without consent:

The term Sixties Scoop was coined by Patrick Johnston, author of the 1983 report Native Children and the Child Welfare System. It refers to the mass removal of Aboriginal children from their families into the child welfare system, in most cases without the consent of their families or bands. Professor Raven Sinclair recounts that Johnston told her that a B.C. social worker provided the phrase when she told him “…with tears in her eyes—that it was common practice in B.C. in the mid-sixties to ‘scoop’ from their mothers on reserves almost all newly born children. She was crying because she realized—20 years later—what a mistake that had been.”1 The Sixties Scoop refers to a particular phase of a larger history, and not to an explicit government policy.  Although the practice of removing Aboriginal children from their families and into state care existed before the 1960s (with the residential school system, for example), the drastic overrepresentation of Aboriginal children in the child welfare system accelerated in the 1960s, when Aboriginal children were seized and taken from their homes and placed, in most cases, into middle-class Euro-Canadian families.

They took their children away as a precaution, feeling that they wouldn’t be able to care for them, when this wasn’t true in a lot of cases. They used western ideas to gauge how the children were doing, not respecting Native cultural traditions.