pallavas

Pen and ink drawing of a figure of Durga from the Trimurti Cave at Mamallapuram by an anonymous artist, part of the MacKenzie Collection and from an Album of 37 drawings and plans of the temples and sculptures at Mamallapuram, c. 1816.

Mamallapuram, a tiny village south of Chennai (Madras), was a flourishing port of the Pallava dynasty from the 5th - 8th centuries.

The British Museum

Pancha Rathas (also known as Pandava Rathas) is a monument complex at Mahabalipuram, on theCoromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal, in the Kancheepuram district of the state of Tamil NaduIndia. Pancha Rathas is an example of monolithic Indian rock-cut architecture. Dating from the late 7th century, it is attributed to the reign of King Mahendravarman I and his son Narasimhavarman I (630–680 AD; also called Mamalla, or “great warrior”) of the Pallava Kingdom. An innovation of Narasimhavarman, the structures are without any precedent in Indian architecture