palaeoloxodon

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Dane Pavitts made a sequel to his dinosaur size comparison video on youtube.

Epigaulus / Horned Gopher
Eohippus
Leptictidium
Thylacine / Tasmanian Tiger
Pakicetus
Moeritherium
Great Auk
Dodo
Castoroides / Giant Beaver
Thylacosmilus
Thylacoleo / Marsupial Lion
Dire Wolf
Homotherium / Scimitar Cat
Cave Lion
Amphicyon
Kubanochoerus
Synthetoceras
Smilodon / Sabre-Toothed Cat
Nothritheriops / Shasta Ground Sloth
Australopithecus
Glyptodon
Quagga
Toxodon
Dinopithecus
Cave Bear
Doedicurus
Gastornis
Hyaenadon
Short-Faced Bear
Arsinoitherium
Uintatherium
Coeladonta / Woolly Rhino
Gigantopithecus
Andrewsarchus
Megalania
Aurochs
Daeodon
Platybelodon
Dinornis / Giant Moa
Diprotodon
Long-Horned Bison
Aepyornis / Elephant Bird
Titanoboa
Phorusrhacos / Terror Bird
Chalicotherium
Megacerops
Aepycamelus
Embolotherium
Elasmotherium
Megaloceros / Giant Irish Elk
Moropus
Sivatherium
Megatherium / Giant Ground Sloth
American Mastodon
Procoptodon / Short-Faced Kangaroo
Woolly Mammoth
Columbian Mammoth
Deinotherium
Palaeoloxodon / Straight-Tusked Elephant
Paraceratherium

Industrial Cinematic by Kevin McLeoud

youtube

Epigaulus / Horned Gopher
Eohippus
Leptictidium
Thylacine / Tasmanian Tiger
Pakicetus
Moeritherium
Great Auk
Dodo
Castoroides / Giant Beaver
Thylacosmilus
Thylacoleo / Marsupial Lion
Dire Wolf
Homotherium / Scimitar Cat
Cave Lion
Amphicyon
Kubanochoerus
Synthetoceras
Smilodon / Sabre-Toothed Cat
Nothritheriops / Shasta Ground Sloth
Australopithecus
Glyptodon
Quagga
Toxodon
Dinopithecus
Cave Bear
Doedicurus
Gastornis
Hyaenadon
Short-Faced Bear
Arsinoitherium
Uintatherium
Coeladonta / Woolly Rhino
Gigantopithecus
Andrewsarchus
Megalania
Aurochs
Daeodon
Platybelodon
Dinornis / Giant Moa
Diprotodon
Long-Horned Bison
Aepyornis / Elephant Bird
Titanoboa
Phorusrhacos / Terror Bird
Chalicotherium
Megacerops
Aepycamelus
Embolotherium
Elasmotherium
Megaloceros / Giant Irish Elk
Moropus
Sivatherium
Megatherium / Giant Ground Sloth
American Mastodon
Procoptodon / Short-Faced Kangaroo
Woolly Mammoth
Columbian Mammoth
Deinotherium
Palaeoloxodon / Straight-Tusked Elephant
Paraceratherium

Cyclops or elephants?

In 1914, Othenio Abel, an Austrian paleontologist, suggested that the Cyclops of Homeric legend was based on fossil elephant finds in antiquity. Abel, who excavated many Mediterranean fossil beds, related the image of one-eyed giant cavemen to the remains of Pleistocene dwarf elephants, Palaeoloxodon antiquus falconeri, common in coastal caves of Italy and Greece. Shipwrecked sailors unfamiliar with elephants might easily mistake the skull’s large nasal cavity for a central eye socket.

Skull of Palaeoloxodon falconeri, from Museum of Natural History of Verona.

Marble head of Polyphemus, first or second century A.D., Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

The small elephants ranged from 3 to 6 feet (1-1.8 m) high at the shoulder, and the skulls and teeth are much larger than men’s. In profile, elephant skulls do resemble grotesque human faces, and the vertebrae and limb bones could be laid out to resemble a giant man.

Since Cyclopes lived in caves, the ancient Greeks imagined them as primitive  troglodytes who used rocks and clubs as weapons. The great piles of bones on the cave floors might be the remains of shipwrecked sailors—the savage Cyclopes were probably cannibals! Human occupation of Sicily and other islands where dwarf elephant bones abound occurred long before Homer, and descriptions of them probably circulated among sailors from Mycenaean times onward. The Cyclops story was assimilated into the epic poetry tradition and made famous in Homer’s Odyssey.

Palaeoloxodon antiquus falconeri was an archaic elephant that developed insular dwarfism due to the lacking of predators on mediterrenean islands.


Sources:

The First Fossil Hunters: Dinosaurs, Mammoths, and Myth in Greek and Roman Times. Adrienne Mayor

erdariel  asked:

Mul on tylsää. Voitsä kertoo mulle jonkun siistin faktan joutsenista?

Pleistoseenikaudel eläny Cygnus falconeri oli 190–210cm pitkä nokast pyrstöö ja se oli korkeempi ku sen kans Sisilial ja Maltal eläneet Palaeoloxodon falconeri-kääpiönorsut.