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On this day in history 1945, the american flag was raised over mount suribachi, Iwo Jima. Taken by photographer Joe rosenthal. 

Of the 6 marines raising the flag. Sergeant Michael Strank, Corporal Harlon block and PFC Franklin sousley would be killed in action. 

The 3 surviving marines were corporals rene gagnon, Ira hayes, Harold schultz.

“Flying dangerously close, a U.S. Navy photographer got this spectacular aerial view of a heavy Japanese cruiser of the Mogima class, demolished by Navy bombs, in the battle of Midway, in June of 1942. Armor plate, steel decks and superstructure are a tumbled mass.”

(AP)

The absolutely fascinating explanation of the turret system on the B-29 Super Fortress.

For a 1940′s system, the gunner, when the system was fully working, only had to factor in range, and tracking of the target, with the computer taking over lead, temperature, angle and air speed of the B-29, and were the forward gun aimer using the rear turrets, the computer would also take that into account.

(Extra video added, a step by step guide to get ready and fly an operation).

Battleship Nagato at anchor in Brunei Bay, 1944. Initially built in 1917, she was one of the heaviest classes of dreadnoughts in existence at the time, and went through many upgrades and rebuilds through her career. Her sister ships, such as the Mutsu, were popular flagships, with Nagato serving as Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto’s flagship during the attack on Pearl Harbor. It wasn’t until 1944 at the battle of Leyte Gulf that she actually fired her main armament in anger. Experiencing light damage she was reassigned as a static coastal defense platform due to shortages of fuel until the end of the war. Refitted by the US Navy, she and many other Japanese capital ships were used as a target fleet for the Operation Crosswinds nuclear weapon tests in 1946. It would take two atomic attacks to finally sink her.

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“Troops of the 165th infantry, New York’s former "Fighting 69th” advance on Butaritari Beach, Makin Atoll, which already was blazing from naval bombardment which preceded on November 20, 1943. The American forces seized the Gilbert Island Atoll from the Japanese.“

(AP)

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April 5th 1887: Helen Keller’s ‘miracle’

On this day in 1887, the deaf-blind Helen Keller - then aged 7 - recognised the word ‘water’. Keller was left deaf and blind from an illness when she was 19 months old, and her parents sought a tutor to help their daughter cope with her disability. The Kellers appealed to notable figures including Alexander Graham Bell, but ultimately settled with the young Anne Sullivan in 1887. Sullivan taught Helen to communicate by spelling words into her hand, but at first Helen could not understand that every object had a name. Her breakthrough came on April 5th 1887, when she realised that Sullivan spelling 'w-a-t-e-r’ into her hand and the sensation of running water on her other hand symbolised 'water’. From then on, Helen was a fast learner, leaning 30 new words that day and going on to learn to write and speak so that, by aged 16, she could attend school. Keller became the first deaf-blind person to earn a Bachelor of Arts degree and went on to campaign for leftist causes, female suffrage and pacifism. Helen Keller campaigned around the world and was highly respected for overcoming adversity, and since her death in 1968 has continued to be a symbol of hope and courage.

“Suddenly I felt a misty consciousness as of something forgotten–a thrill of returning thought; and somehow the mystery of language was revealed to me…That living word awakened my soul, gave it light, hope, joy, set it free! There were barriers still, it is true, but barriers that could in time be swept away”
- Helen Keller on her 1887 breakthrough

“The first "Women Guerrilla” corps has just been formed in the Philippines and Filipino women, trained in their local women’s auxiliary service, are seen here hard at work practicing on November 8, 1941, at a rifle range in Manila.“

(AP)