all definitions provided by the oxford latin dictionary
— ariēs, arietis.m. ram; battering-ram; the Ram (in the zodiac) — arietō .v. butt like a ram; strike violently
— taurus, taurī.m. bull; the constellation Taurus —taureus, -a, -um.adj. derived from a bull — taurifōrmis, -e.adj. having the form of a bull — taurīnus, -a, -um.adj. of or derived from a bull; made of ox-hide
— geminus, -a, -um.adj. twin-born; double; both (geminī is plural) — geminō.v. double; repeat; double the force of; pair (with)
— cancer, crī.m. crab; Cancer, the sign of the zodiac; cancer
— leō, leōnis.m. lion
— virgō, virginis.f. a girl of marriageable age; virgin; Virgo (constellation); aqueduct at Rome noted for the coolness of its water — virginatās, virginātis.f. maidenhood, virginity
— lībra, librae.f. Roman pound (about three-quarters of a modern pound); level; balance; scales; one of the twelve signs in the zodiac — lībrāmentum, ī.nt. weight, counterpoise
— caper, caprī. i. he-goat — capra, caprae.f. she-goat — caprigenus, -a, -um.adj. of goats — capripēs, -edis.adj. goat-footed — capella, capellae.f. kid; she-goat — cornū, cornūs.nt. horn; hoof; bill of a bird; horn of the moon; end, tip; peak, cone of a helmet; bow; trumpet; wing of any army, funnel — corneus, -a, -um.adj. of horn, resembling horn — corniger, -era, -erum.adj. horn-bearing, horned — cornipēs, -edis.adj. horned-footed, hoofed
— aquārius, aquāriī.m. water-carrier; overseer of the public water supply; Water-bearer (as a constellation) — aqua, aquae.f. water; rain; sea; lake; river —aquārius, -a, -um.adj. relating to water — aquāticus, -a, -um.adj. aquatic; watery, rainy — aquātiõ, aquātiõnis.f. fetching of water — aquātor, aquatõris.m. water-carrier — aquor . v. fetch water — aquõsus, -a, -um.adj. abounding in water; humid, rainy
— piscis, piscis. m. fish — piscārius, -a, -um.adj. of or connected with fish — piscātor, piscātoris.m. fisherman — piscaātus, piscatūs.m. catch of fish, seafood — piscīna, piscīnae.f. fish-pond; swimming-pool — piscor .v. fish — piscõsus, -a, -um.adj. teeming with fish — pisculentus, -a, -um.adj. fishy, full of fish — pistris, pistris.f. sea monster; whale
This man’s photograph was pivotal in exposing the true horrors of slavery in America. His name was Peter, and possibly had the surname Gordon. I see this picture often, and recently found out Peter’s story. He escaped from the plantation of John and Bridget Lyons located in Louisiana. In order to get bloodhounds off his scent, he covered himself in onions. He went forty miles before reaching the Union camp in Baton Rogue. When he was fitted for his uniform, Itinerant photographers William D. McPherson and his partner Mr. Oliver took Carte de Visites (basically small postcard-like photos)
In his own words, Peter explains the keloids on his body:
“Ten days from to-day I left the plantation. Overseer Artayou Carrier
whipped me. I was two months in bed sore from the whipping. My master
come after I was whipped; he discharged the overseer.My master was not present. I don’t remember the whipping. I was two
months in bed sore from the whipping and my sense began to come – I was
sort of crazy. I tried to shoot everybody. They said so, I did not know.
I did not know that I had attempted to shoot everyone; they told me so.
I burned up all my clothes; but I don’t remember that. I never was this
way (mentally ill) before. I don’t know what make me come that way (mentally ill ). My
master come after I was whipped; saw me in bed; he discharged the
overseer. They told me I attempted to shoot my wife the first one; I did
not shoot any one; I did not harm any one. My master’s Capt. JOHN LYON, cotton planter, on Atchafalya, near Washington, Louisiana. Whipped two months before Christmas.”
During the war, Confederate soldiers took Peter Gordon as a prisoner of war. He was beaten badly and left for dead. As Peter’s iconic photograph shows, he always had a quiet strength and dignity in the face of adversity. Peter would go on to be one of the first Sergeants in the Corps d'Afrique during the Siege of Port Hudson in May 1863.
Carrie Mae Weems, detail from From Here I Saw What Happened and I Cried, 1995.
Scars of a whipped slave, Photo taken at Baton Rouge, Louisiana 1863. In his own words, “Overseer Artayou Carrier whipped me. I was two months in bed sore from the whipping. My master come after I was whipped; he discharged the overseer.”
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