overlapping circles

gravitality  asked:

I have two questions! First: have you ever thought of doing a tarot card suit for your characters? I think it'd work really well for them! And two: help me how do I draw legs


Hi!! I’ve absolutely been thinking about that, yeah, in fact I recently talked about that to my boyfriend just recently. It’ll likely happen after october! And to answer your second question! I made a thing on legs that i hope you’ll find useful!!

So. I’ve already explained basics on legs here, but I don’t think it hurts to go through some extra details to help you understand legs some more.

The very basic thing is to imagine legs as teardrops. Again, this has already been covered in said tutorial above, but I figured it’s still good to mention even the most basic thing that I know of. I still highly recommend you check it out to get in more detail and to see some other examples and practices that you do. But basically, think of legs in the shapes of teardrops, when it comes to shape. If you need a simple stick-figure to connect the legs in the first place, make sure that they bend at the knees a bit so that the legs don’t come off as stiff and unnatural. 

As you can see, this method works perfectly for realistic legs as it does for stylistic ones. Remember to use these as a guideline, never to be the exact base of the legs you will be drawing. If you draw traditionally, remember not to draw these guides too hard, or they will be hard to erase/do freestyle!

But how do you actually draw out the legs without drawing them perfectly straight, as shown to the left? The trick is to add volume to them, and how you do that can be winged to your own liking. The idea is to think in curves. As no leg is perfectly straight. You may make these curves minimal if you don’t want them to be curvy, but keep in mind, still, that not even your own bones are perfectly straight, so it is highly recommended that you make them bend, at least a little. 

It all depends on how you draw them as well. Say you put your legs together, as shown in this picture, what happens to the fat and muscle? Naturally, they press together, much like how thighs squish on the surface when you sit down (I’m sure most people know what I’m talking about). Make sure this shows in your art! This is very important to keep in mind, because it makes it all look more natural and believable. Try to cross your legs or stand up and sit down again for real-life examples!

The same applies for stretching your legs, more or less, except they appear to become more ‘hollow’ and slimmer. They become less soft to the touch, too, and might show. Try stretching your legs and feel where the muscles tense and where it feels ‘hollow’. This is very helpful with your art.

Many leg tutorials talk about legs without mentioning the behind. It requires a tutorial on it’s own, in all honesty, but this is the most simplest way to draw it connecting to the legs. Remember that it comes in many different shapes, and this is just a super basic guide! Two circles overlapping, while following the line and flow of the legs. Remember the muscle/fat as mentioned above!

Okay, so we got the basics of leg shapes figured out? What if you want o draw them in a certain pose, or with a certain silhouette, but perhaps do not have the reference for it? Or you want to blend your style into it? The key is to not shy away from doodling the form. Make mess, draw lightly and don’t care about the anatomy. That way you’ll get everything down without it appearing stiff. You can clean up the sketch later, always, and if you can, use a reference after you have drawn your pose, to correct your drawing.

Remember that the hips do a lot to the pose of the legs! Make sure they are in flow with your legs, so that it can look more natural. Remembers that hips ‘rotate’ with the spine.

I’ve talked about this method before when it comes to posing, and the same applies for the legs. One way to make legs appear ‘steady’ is to picture them standing in a line, and one of those legs need not to stray from the lines too much, making it steady. If you want a dynamic pose despite the steady pose, you can always have the other leg stray from the line, since it only matters that one leg is steady. This method can create good, casual poses without making them appear boring. (also notice how the teardrop shapes are used here, despite the highly stylized legs)

Do you want a highly dynamic pose, or them to appear unsteady, then skip the line entirely and make both legs aim away from it completely. As you can see, the legs appear more moving, in action, as if they’re fighting, falling, or dancing. As you can imagine, this is not a pose that one could stay steady on, suggesting that it’s taken mid-movement. More about posing and this ‘line’ method is talked about in this tutorial.

Hope this helped you, if you have any questions let me know, and if you’d like to check out all my tutorials they can be found here!

Curious about auras? This article will hopefully explain the specifics of this peculiar phenomenon.

What’s an aura, anyways?

The term aura refers to an individual’s subtle energetic emanations. Auras aren’t visible to everyone, but plenty of people see them. They appear as a sphere of light or color around the body. 

The color, size, brightness, and other features of the aura depend on the nature of the person it belongs to. These things can vary based on mood. They can also relate to metabolic factors, magical activity, and many other things.

Many New Age writers say that the aura is energy in the scientific sense. This is a common misconception. No physicist has ever measured anything resembling auras as they’re commonly understood.

A few days ago, someone told me that they believed the aura was a human’s magnetic field. This isn’t true. The magnetic field of a human doesn’t act like an aura. It doesn’t change based on emotions or other things like that.

Others say it is something electrical, or related to quantum mechanics. The truth of the matter is that science can’t (yet) measure the aura in any way. Many are skeptical about its existence for this reason.

Still, many, many people have seen auras throughout history. To me, it’s a real phenomenon. Science may not understand it yet, but, for me, it’s real!

The energy that extends beyond our physical bodies is called the aura. The word “aura” is derived from Latin aere, meaning “air” or “gentle breeze.” The American Heritage Dictionary defines the aura as “an invisible breath, emanation, or radiation.” In metaphysics, the aura is seen as the human energy field, that portion of the subtle body that radiates out beyond the limits of the physical body.

Belanger, Michelle  A.. The Psychic Energy Codex: Awakening Your Subtle Senses (p. 117). Red Wheel Weiser. Kindle Edition.

Some gifted people see auras without trying. Also, many children see auras in early childhood. Often, this ability, if not cultivated, disappears as they grow up. Many magicians and witches develop the ability to see auras.

This involves a great deal of practice and effort. It’s worthwhile, but everyone is different. Not everyone will have the same aptitude to see auras. Some people can see only a little bit of the aura, like a vague mist. Others see brighter colors and light.

Everyone’s aura is different, too! Most witches and psychics believe this extends only few feet from the body. Size can and does vary, though. Some people may have an aura of only several inches. 

Others might have a very large aura. Size, color, brightness, and other features change throughout a person’s life. If you see a person’s aura at one point, expect it to change within hours, if not minutes. This reflects how dynamic people can be.

Auras in History

People have observed and recorded auras throughout time. It appears in many pieces of religious and spiritual artwork. Historically, auras are usually shown emanating from the body of holy men and women.

Christian artists often depict them surrounding saints. They appear in other cultures, as well. Medieval authors referred to the light surround a person’s head as the “aureole”. They called light around the body the “nimbus.“ These authors called the whole aura the “glory.”

In Scrying for Beginners, Donald Tyson writes about the auras shape in artwork. While many modern seers refer to the aura as a sphere, the ancients saw it differently. They believed that saints emanated two spheres that overlapped.

The glory is sometimes depicted in religious art as the vesica or vesica piscis, a lens-shaped figure formed by the overlap of two equal circles that pass through each other at their centers. Christ, the Virgin Mary, and other saints are often painted within this pointed oval, which is also called a mandorla (from the Italian word for "almond”).

Donald Tyson. Scrying For Beginners (For Beginners (Llewellyn’s)) (p. 200). Llewellyn - A. Kindle Edition.

During the occult revival of the late 19th and early 20th century, many people wrote about the aura. Theosophists and other occultists developed complex systems for understanding it. 

Madame Blavatsky and Walter Kilner believed there were distinct layers to the aura. They named them and sought to understand them.

As science merged with occultism, seers began to look for ways to measure the aura. There have been plenty of attempts. None were particularly fruitful.

Of note is “Kirlian Photography.” Symon and Valentina Kirlian developed this practice in 1940s Russia. It involves sending an electrical current through the individual.

A photographic plate records the resulting discharge. Later scientists argued that the image was more mundane. They believed the interaction of this electric field and ambient moisture caused it.

Today, most people seem to agree with that sentiment. Kirlian images recorded don’t behave in a manner consistent with how seers perceive the aura. For example, Kirlian images rarely change based on state of mind.

Despite many attempts, science still doesn’t understand the aura! For that reason, most people relegate it to the realm of metaphysics and occultism. I don’t have a problem with that.

I am supportive of science, but acknowledge that not everything is currently known. As a witch, I do believe in magick, for example. Magick itself isn’t understood or measurable by science. The aura isn’t, but I still find the concept useful.

Seeing the Aura

Over time, it has been evident that people can develop aura sight. I myself saw auras occasionally as a child. I did not have further experiences with this until I began studying magick, though. I don’t consider myself to have natural aura vision.

Still, I see auras in certain circumstances these days. It’s something I practiced and developed. While not everyone can develop this ability, most people can! The level of detail you see will vary, but why not try?

Now, I’ll give you my own method for inducing aura vision. It may or may not work for you. I have read that many other people found these techniques helpful, though.

It is best to begin by looking for your own aura. Some people do begin by working with a partner, though. For me, aura vision comes best when I’m a bit sleepy. I don’t have the focus for it when I’m completely exhausted, but a little sleepiness works well.

I’ve found that auras are easiest to see in a dim environment without bright artificial lights. Natural light in the early morning or evening works best for me. While some folks say candlelight works, I find that the flickering distracts me.

Some herbs and incense can help with aura sight. Herbal blends designed for psychic enhancement have worked well for me in the past. 

My favorite herb for inducing aura vision is mugwort. It is good for other magical purposes, as well. Do some research and be careful if you decide to try it, of course. Not everyone reacts well to herbs.

Begin by focusing your vision on the edges of the body. This is regardless of whether you’re working by yourself or with someone else. 

With other people, I like to fix my vision above the top of the head. When looking for my own aura, I extend my hand flat and at an angle. Then, I gaze above my palm.

This is tricky, though. It takes a lot of practice. It works best for me if I look at the space  close to the body, and try to ignore the body itself. It’s difficult, though. We’re used to looking directly at objects, not the area around them.

I would suggest not wearing very bright clothing when attempting this. That can be distracting. It’s also good to do this against a blank, uncolored surface, like a white wall.

The aura will usually appear first as a light shimmering in the air. This may have a wispy mist-like appearance. It usually begins with a grayish color. Once you can see this, focus on it, and not the object.

When you can see the aura very close to the body, begin to glance around that area. After a time, you will be able to see a larger, more diffuse part.

Aura Colors

While many people can see auras, not everyone can see aura colors. This is especially true for beginners. For those that don’t see colors, the aura appears as that shifting, shimmering mist.

If color does appear in the aura, focus on the color. It may seem to grow brighter and brighter. Most seers agree that the colors correspond to the nature of the person at that specific time. 

Some books will list “color meanings” for the aura. My view is a bit different. Aura colors do have meaning, but, to me, a given color’s meaning depends on the seer.

If you associate yellow with happiness, seeing a yellow aura would show that the subject is happy. We don’t all process color the same way! We tend to absorb cultural associations for certain colors. Still, everyone has a different view. Keep this in mind when reading the aura!


I hope this article provides a good beginning for potential aura seers! Developing aura vision is fun and exciting. You can learn about a person (and how to connect with them!) by examining their aura.

It can also be helpful for witches and magicians. It’s a good first step to seeing all kinds of subtle forces. If you can see them, it’s easier to connect with them! Anyways, I hope you’re all having a great day. May your magick be glorious!

Do you ever find yourself wondering about the magical potentialities of Varric’s friend circles overlapping?

Cole and Merrill are my platonic friendship OTP. I mean just picture it: Cole would encourage Merrill to believe in herself. Merrill would sternly admonish anyone who calls Cole creepy. And they would probably do endless cute things together like make hats for each other and spend ages looking at very small bugs and partner up in running some kind of unsettling lemonade stand.

Crystal Grid Patterns

Hexagonal grids can be used for any intention because quartz crystal system is also hexagonal it is preferred to use quartz as the center stone around that center stone place your other stones at the 6 around the perimeter of the hexagon by drawing your own template you will be making your grade much stronger you can leave your template under your grid or you can carefully slide it out after you place your crystals it’s totally up to you.

The Flower of Life grid is created by overlapping evenly spaced circles this pattern can also be used for any intention you can simply just place your center stone and then put your other stones around the design wherever you feel the need to but remember to keep it symmetrical.

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The five pointed star is good for protection and purification of the energies in many cultures a five-pointed star helps with higher state of consciousness and deep meditation. Place your center stone and then put your other stones at each point.

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The square grid can add a dimension of stability to your environment and protection again just place your center stone and the grid stones at each point.

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The spiral grid is good for expansion creativity and feminine energy to place the stones in the spiral place your center stone in the middle or at the beginning point of the spiral and read it out loud with the positioning of the other stones. The phi spiral works best.

The infinity symbol grid is used to bring about endless abundance of anything like prosperity love health and wealth among others it is a symbol of unity perfection in the incident and the Earth’s cycles this bread is perfect for bringing about prosperity and abundance in any area of your life your center stone should be placed directly in the intersection and the other stones positioning along the perimeter of the design.

*writen in my own word from notes I made in CRYSTAL GRIDS by HIBISCUS MOON*

  • everyone has a letter on their upper arm that disappears when they hug their soulmate for the first time
  • the letter is the first letter of your soulmate’s last name
  • the one on your arm happens to be a big, fat, “C”
  • you’ve met lots of people with C last names and hugged some of them too, 
  • yet the letter’s still there.
  • one day, your friend, seungkwan, invites you to meet some of his friends
  • which isn’t a new thing since seungkwan knows literally everyone and he feels like you also deserve to know everyone too
  • and seungkwan does what seungkwan wants
  • so……
  • you head over to the park to find seungkwan waving at you from next to a group of guys, some of whom you recognize and some of whom you don’t
  • you see your friends mingyu and seokmin 
  • you see two guys you’ve never met before - one wearing a yellow hoodie that reminds you of hollywood actors and a squishy looking dude who reminds you of a hamster
  • and 
  • you see a guy in a cap that says thug life (in comic sans gosh darn it) that you kind of know through lowkey overlapping social circles 
  • tbh, you’ve always thought the thug life guy was cute
  • but you still don’t know anything about him bc you’ve only seen him around
  • you’d like to know more though 
  • ( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°)
  • movinggggggg onnnnnnn
  • seugkwan drags you over and introduces you 
  • “this is Y/N, say hi”
  • *awkward waving from everyone*
  • “WASSUP HOMIE” from mingyu (bc he would)
  • seungkwan forces everyone to introduce themselves and you learn that hamster boy is kwon soonyoung
  • hollywood boy is called choi hansol but goes by vernon
  • and you finally get a name to put on thug life boy’s face.
  • choi seungcheol.
  • choi seungcheol.
  • Choi seungcheol.
  • his last name starts with a freaking C
  • la;sjdflsjdflajsdflasjdlfajsdlfkjasdlkfjas;dlfkjasdlkfjasdfl
  • al;skjf;lasjfl;askdjflaskdjfl;askdfj;lasdjf;alsjfa;lskdfjals;l
  • you try not to flip out bc he’s actual pretty darn close to your ideal type?
  • plus, he has extremely pretty eyes framed with the most gorgeous eyelashes ever 
  • me want
  • but you don’t get to fantasize for long because Seungkwan bursts your bubbles and you’re off to play games with all of them
  • you laugh more in those few hours than you have for a while
  • watching Seungkwan with the hansol kid is the actual funniest and cutest thing ever 
  • seungkwan treats the poor boy like a puppy who rejects his affection
  • he does look like a cute puppy
  • after that day, you find yourself hanging out with seungcheol, vernon and soonyoung more and more bc you discover they’re roommates 
  • and they happen to live literally only a block away from where you live
  • the group of you often hang out at the park and you quickly learn more about the boys
  • you hit it off with soonyoung (who you nickname hoshi or hosh for short) right away
  • his bubbly nature just clicked with you and the two of you are constantly fooling around together
  • with seungcheol, the two of you get close easily as well and conversation is always light and comfortable with him
  • besides that, you also keep finding more reasons why you want seungcheol to be your soulmate
  • he’s really kind?
  • and caring?
  • and he’s into music?
  • AND he even writes lyrics?
  • PLUS there’s freaking depth to him?
  • goddang. this boy is perfect.
  • can he please be your soulmate?
  • hansol is probably the one boy you don’t feel the instant friendship click with
  • maybe it’s bc he’s more introverted or 4D than the other boys
  • maybe its bc he doesn’t really approach you right away
  • maybe its because you’re too occupied with the other boys
  • you really dont know, but you and hansol dont grow uber close and something’s just not there
  • at this point he’s just the really good looking one with the spongebob laugh who seems to be off in his own little world
  • (none of that is bad)
  • anywhoo, yall are still a squad™
  • during your time with the boys you quickly learn that they’re all performers
  • the two chois rap and hosh dances along with a few of your mutual friends and some peeps you don’t know
  • one day, when you and a bunch of the guys are hanging out together, seungcheol invite you out to one of their performances
  • “hansol, mingyu, wonwoo, idk if you know him, and i rap. soonyoung dances with this 99 liner and some exchange students. seungkwan mcs the whole thing. you should come”
  • “sounds fun. i’ll finally get to see rap god mingyu in person. he always tells me he’s really good - we’ll have to see.”
  • mingyu looks hurt but that’s not your problem
  • when you agree, hoshi (being hoshi as well as overly excited) pretty much attacks you in a hug
  • the boys watch and laugh as you try not to choke and die a death by squishy hug
  • but then mingyu comes in and joins
  • then seungkwan
  • then everyone
  • and eventually seungcheol comes and hugs you too
  • and nothing happens 
  • :( 
  • you dont feel the buzzing on your arm that occurs as your letter disappears 
  • you can’t say you’re not disappointed
  • but you can’t dwell on it too long because hoshi decides to call an “official” group hug
  • the boys peel themselves off you, throw hansol and jihoon into the middle with you bc they were the only ones that hadn’t joined the hug yet
  • and then,
  • rehug
  • its all a mess and you kinda just squirm a bit in the pile of overexcited puppies boys 
  • you feel it
  • a buzzing on your upper arm right as you’re forced into a hug with choi hansol and lee jihoon while surrounded by the other boys
  • !!!!!!!!!!!!!
  • and in the midst of all the excitement started by an overexcited squish (hosh)
  • you and hansol are staring at each other like wtf?
  • neither of you know what to do
  • bc you both felt it and you both know how to match initials with names
  • he’s a Choi
  • why didnt you figure it out before?
  • or at least consider it
  • but anywaysssss
  • weren’t soulmates supposed to click right away or something?
  • you’ve known each other for over a month and you’re still p awk?
  • don’t really talk or anything?
  • due to the hype of the moment (even though there isn’t much that needs to be hype about it tbh),
  • the two of you dont get to talk about it and nothing happens to your relationship other than some more awkwardness 
  • which isnt out of the ordinary for awk vernon and the two of you not being bffs isnt new to anyone
  • you still hang out with them and he still joins in too
  • nothing new
  • bc neither of you really know what to do
  • you do think about it a lot
  • and then you like ???? 
  • bc you dont get it
  • and what do you do?
  • you two weren’t that close to begin with
  • and he’s not the biggest extrovert ever so he’s not going to  approach you first
  • its all just
  • the day that you agreed to see the performance comes around and you make your way to the venue which is a stage in a park
  • you stand towards the front off to the left side a bit as you wait for the show to start
  • it opens with soonyoung and some of his friends dancing 
  • thats followed by vernon rapping and ngl, you’re pleasantly surprised at his skill
  • wow he could be on smtm
  • his lyrics lowkey make you want to cry
  • goddang this boy has been through a lot
  • and the girl featuring - eunwoo? - bless her voice
  • much respect to vernon for performing that song
  • there was always something about music and lyrics that resonated with you
  • seungcheol (who was introduced as scoups for god knows what ridiculous reason) was up after him 
  • after finding that seungcheol wasn’t your soulmate, you’d slowly gotten over your crush, 
  • but you maintained an admiration for him 
  • and when he got into the music like he was doing now
  • goddang
  • you’re appreciating the music, really feeling it, when you hear the voice of a dude standing behind you
  • “i don’t get why this is such a big deal. he’s literally just talking to a beat.”
  • oh no he didn’t 
  • he did not just go there
  • you whip around, about to give the man a piece of your mind bc
  • who is he to go around judging other people like this?
  • and does he really think it’s that easy?
  • people are pouring their freaking soul into their craft
  • rap isnt just talking to a beat
  • its got emotions 
  • its got skill and technique
  • its got stories
  • you’re about to blow up at this dude, esp since its your friends and an art form you love and respect that he’s dissing
  • “It’s not just talking to a beat”
  • you hear another voice that’s not yours say that as the same time as you
  • looking up, you notice that it’s vernon who was walking over after his stage
  • “it’s so much more”
  • “there’s so much that goes into it and so much that comes out”
  • “you can’t disregard it like that”
  • and as the two of you are sticking up for rap together, something clicks
  • you two have a connection
  • something in common
  • and that’s the first step in realizing that 
  • oh. 
  • this person really is my soulmate.
  • the change is not instantaneous 
  • but you two find that you have a lot to talk about, starting with music, that you’d never discovered due to the constant presence of others combined with your personalities
  • soon you two are talking all the time about literally everything
  • (seungkwan is often jealous, but you can’t really tell if its you or vernon he’s jealous of)
  • the more you talk with vernon,
  • the more you realize he’s been your ideal type all along
  • he has all the qualities you used to declare coups your ideal type, simply manifest in different ways, and much more
  • he’s not only caring, deep, and a musician
  • but hes also an older brother, the owner of the cutest laugh ever, someone who’d experienced the cruelty of the world and therefore wanted to help others even more, too pure for the world, an amazing confidant, the list goes on
  • and you find that while your soulmate isn’t the person you’d thought he’d be or the person you wanted him to be,
  • he’s even more perfect for you - more than you’d thought he’d be and more than you could’ve hoped for
  • and you’re so glad that he’s your soulmate

Written by Admin Sea

Circle packing theorem

Recently I heard about this surprising theorem. I already knew about Fáry’s theorem: if a simple graph can be drawn on the plane without crossing edges (i.e. if the graph is planar), then it can always be drawn in such a way that all edges are non-crossing straight lines. Hence, restricting to straight-line edges doesn’t give a strictly smaller class of planar graphs. I found this to be quite surprising already.

However, much more is true: you can always draw a simple planar graph in the plane in such a way that you can place non-overlapping circles on the vertices, such that two circles touch if and only if the corresponding vertices are joined by an edge. In particular, the drawing clearly satisfies the result of Fáry’s theorem. This result is called the circle packing theorem.

We haven’t seen or spoken to each other in the longest time… In fact we live almost completely separate lives now, except for where the outer parts of our social circles overlap. And though we may not hear from each other anymore – we do still hear about each other from time to time.  
I often wonder what happens when you hear my name. Do you feel even one of the plethora of emotions I experience whenever somebody talks about you? Or is it just me because I was never able to let go? We may be distant enough that we don’t run into each other, but we’re not so far apart that we couldn’t reach out to one another if we really wanted to. But we don’t and that’s what says it all really isn’t it. We don’t contact each other… we stay right where we are, each within the confines of our own little circle never crossing that imaginary line. And the funny thing is that despite the fact we have different feelings towards the current situation, we both keep things the way that they are for the same reason: because you’re happy with your life the way it is.
Write What You Know (Not Necessarily What You’ve Experienced)

Originally posted by gifs-from-the-seaside-ca

I’ve recently written a post about the true meaning behind the quote “good writers borrow; great writers steal.” 

Well, another piece of writing advice has come under scrutiny lately, so I’m here to explain the meaning behind “write what you know.” 

“Write what you know” really means “write what you understand.”

Many people interpret “write what you know” to mean “write about what you have experienced for yourself,” but that’s obviously silly advice. If everyone followed it, libraries would be much, much smaller. Writing is about using your imagination to explore worlds of possibilities. Bits and pieces of your personal history will of course come into play, but they should always be presented in new and interesting ways. Otherwise, writers would be too bored to actually finish their stories.

When people you think you should probably trust tell you to “write what you know,” they aren’t telling you to fictionalise your own memoir. They’re telling you to write about the things that you understand

A novel may be a great series of lies, but there must be truth at the centre of it all and that truth is a direct result of, and in correlation to, the author’s understanding of their subject matter. 

For an author, this means a couple of things:

You should always be able to empathise with your characters. You should be able to tap into your emotions, your passions, your relationships to inform their emotions, their passions, their relationships. 

If you’re writing a scene about two people walking along the Seine at midnight unable to admit their true feelings for each other, you don’t need to have traveled to Paris or walked along the Seine or talked about the moon on the water when really all you wanted to say was that the same moonlight was making the other person look very pretty that night. 

What you need is to know what it is to take a walk in a place that is romantic no matter if romance is taking place there, to have wanted to say something but been too afraid to say it, to be filled with hope and fear and misery and joy all at the same time. 

You should always be able to feel the heart of the scene, instead of simply imagining it. 

If you can’t put yourself directly into your character’s shoes, they’ll wind up saying or doing something that won’t quite ring true.  

You should always be both interested in and knowledgable about the topics and settings that find their way into your stories. 

You don’t have to be an archaeologist to write an Indiana Jones novel, but a healthy fascination with people like T.E. Lawrence, Roy Chapman Andrews, and Gertrude Bell should probably come into play.

You should always not only be knowledgable about the topic you’re writing about, but care for it. You should be able to understand why Indy says it belongs in a museum!!” You should understand why your characters feel passionate about whatever they’re engaging in, because you share some of that passion. (Even if you wouldn’t dream of digging around in a desert yourself.)

It’s okay if you don’t know very much about a topic when you first get an idea for a book, but after doing some research about it, you should connect to the material in some way. 

As long as you’re interested in a topic or place, you’re not breaking the “write what you know” rule by taking the time to understand something you hadn’t when you first imagined your story. 

What’s more: write the kind of story you enjoy reading.

That sounds a little obvious, but people try to write stories they wouldn’t actually enjoy reading themselves all of the time. 

If you love reading YA fantasy novels, but feel compelled to write the next Great Literary American Novel, you’re not writing the sort of story you’re familiar with–that you’re passionate about–and that will show on every single page. Those are two very different sort of books. If you love reading YA, exclusively read YA, but try to write the GLAN, you’re not writing what you know. You’re probably not even writing something you truly care about.

And if you find the story you’re writing dull and uninteresting, any reader will probably feel the same way. 

If someone has read your work and says something along the lines of “you should stick to writing what you know…” 

What they’re really saying is that something isn’t resonating as true. That somehow, it doesn’t feel quite real. That they don’t think the characters’ emotional reactions are what they’d be in real life. Or that Indiana Jones is supposed to be a renowned archaeologist, but he doesn’t seem to know much about archaeology??? 

When they say this, they’re not telling you to go get a degree in archaeology or that in order to write that romantic scene, you must fall in love with someone, walk along the Seine with them, and then write what about what you felt in that moment. 

They’re letting you know that there is a disconnect somewhere between you and the writing. That they can tell you haven’t put enough of yourself in this story. That the circles don’t overlap as much as they should in the venn diagram between the knowledge, emotions, and interests the story requires and the knowledge you possess, the emotions you’ve felt, and the interests you invest in. 

When somebody says “write what you know,” ask yourself:

  • if you’ve really done enough research on this topic–if you actually want to write about this topic enough to do the required research 
  • if there’s another emotional well you can draw from to understand how a character might be feeling, how they might react to a circumstance
  • if this book is one that you yourself would pick up from a library shelf. 

And make sure there’s a core of truth within those all those lies. 

Yes, Virginia, there are radfems who aren’t TWERFs, who put things like “TERFs fuck off” in their headers, and reblog all the positivity posts about trans wlw. 

IMHO, this is one of the main ways that TERF rhetoric and philosophy becomes widedpread in the community. People think that the only dangerous or fucked-up part is hating/oppressing trans women, and vehemently oppose that (rightly!) while adopting pretty much everything else. 

And then other folks come across the “pretty much everything else” and don’t realize where it comes from, because THEY’RE not reblogging from TWERFs, THEY’RE yelling at any TWERFs they find… and they don’t realize they’re reblogging from people who don’t realize they’re following TWERFs. 

Image is an off-center (sorry) venn diagram titled “The Venn Diagram of Radical Feminist Tumblr,” on a pink gradient background.

The pink left-hand circle is T(W)ERFs, and the only item that’s ONLY in that circle is:

“Opposes trans women because they are considered ‘men,’ and supports trans men because they are considered women. 

“(Note that ‘support’ here only means 'misgenders and tokenizes them and pressures them to detransition,’ and can mean 'ruthlessly doxxes them because all trans people are bad’)”

The pink right-hand circle is “Anti-TWERF Radfems.” The only item that’s only in THAT circle is “Opposes trans men because they are men, and supports trans women because they are women”.

The center, where the circles overlap, i.e. the beliefs common to both groups, includes: 
* Opposes non-binary genders and doesn’t think they exist, or thinks of them as slight variations on male and female
* Thinks of genders as being defined by oppression
* Thinks of sexual orientations as primarily being defined by their oppression, and sees oppression as moving them closer or farther from “straight”
* Opposes sex work and the sex industry
* Opposes BDSM and “kink”
* Thinks of patriarchy as the main root of oppression
* Thinks of socialization as being binary and separate - you only get either male or female socialization
* Opposes inclusion of GNC people under trans umbrella b/c thinks of “trans” as implying transition
* Thinks of women/girls as universally positive, men/boys as negative, sometimes w/exceptions for men/boys who are oppressed or allies
* Values “prioritizing” women, in a way where the more your personal life focuses on women, the better you are perceived by the group

This is just what I’ve observed from reading Tumblr; please feel free to add or correct things. 

please note:

The single ideas on the outskirts are not less harmful than the list of ideas in the center. 

Opposing Trans Women, specifically, represents an entire platform of fucked-up ideology, harassment, misgendering, etc. (Currently, it particularly represents pushing really hard for bathroom laws and against letting young people of any gender transition; consistently portraying trans women as sexual predators and as violent; and, mainly outside of Tumblr, an ableist push to keep autistic people from being allowed to identify as trans and to transition.) 

Opposing Trans Men is significantly less fucked up because it at least doesn’t include misgendering binary trans people, (although it usually still includes misgendering nb ones), and because it’s not used to legislate against trans people, harm autistic people, or push to prevent anyone from transitioning. (It does, however, often include portraying trans men as sexual predators and as violent.) 

(Plz also note: not all radfems embrace or care about every single item in the center; these are the most common points I see them sharing. Many of them will focus on just one or a few issues, often in addition to more common feminist positions such as reproductive freedom and opposing misogyny.

The inclusion of more common positions often serves to make the radfem positions seem more positive/harmless – “this person is totally right about X, therefore New Idea Y must also be true!”

I’m not using TERF/TWERF interchangeably above, btw. I’m specifically distinguishing between TWERFs who hate trans women and TERFs who think they’re not cissexist, but whose hatred of men somehow only gets expressed at trans men, and who join TWERFs in shitting on nonbinary people - usually but not always with an exception for nb people who identify as “woman-aligned/female-aligned”.)

huh. just kinda had a dumb realization moment

I was thinking about how I viewed the aspects in Homestuck as all sharing borders/overlap in symbolism with eachother, aka having things they can kinda share with every other aspect

and I was thinking about how it’s like theyre all primary colors in a big color wheel, or like a ven diagram with twelve circles overlapping eachother

and then i remembered this image

and went “oh, duh”

Loneliness in Yuri!!! On Ice

Well, I don’t know if this has been done before but oh well, I wanna put my two cents anyway.Basically, this ended up as me just discussing whatever came into my head concerning this???? I mostly wrote this on the fly. So please, take things with a grain of salt.  I might add in Yuri later on to make this a Podium Family post.

While some may think Viktor and Yuuri are polar opposites, that is not entirely the case. They are not exactly opposites. The thing with relationships is that even if two people are on different sides of the spectrum, there is always bound to be a middle ground, call it that space in between overlapping circles in a Venn diagram. 

In YOI verse, we have to concede to the fact that in order for Viktor to actually meet Yuuri halfway, he has to have something that helps him empathize with Yuuri. Yes, Viktor is a very perceptive character (I hope the fandom keeps this in mind because we all have to give this man a cookie for how observant he is). However, understanding someone through only observation negates the value of connection. You can’t connect to someone just by observing them. It’s like being in a laboratory, a scientist observing a rat. The scientist interacts with the rat to induce a reaction. It’s an impersonal type of interaction. Whereas in relationships, both parties interact with each other in order to build trust not to see what happens if I do this and that. And Viktor for his brilliance does know this. Testing the waters for most of the time until he deems Yuuri would feel comfortable enough to meet him (except THAT one time in the parking lot. Having no sharpened tools for that type of situation he inevitably went to what he was used to). What makes that different from the scientist analogy is that Viktor aims to forge something deeper with Yuuri by also opening himself up little by little. But hey, that is an analysis for another time.

Going back, relationships tend to work well when both parties value the same thing (while skating is a given, skating isn’t everything) but let’s face it understanding each other is basically a cornerstone in any relationship.

( It should be noted that people experience different things but the feeling can be felt similarly. That’s why we can connect with other people despite different experiences.)

So what is that something both Viktor and Yuuri have experienced?


This is pretty much blatant throughout the show. I think it also one of the things which really resonate in both Viktor and Yuuri. Something that both of them are very familiar with. Hence, allowing them a certain level of understanding in their relationship. (I do hope they explore this dimension in their relationship in the future though).

Anyway, Yuri!!! On Ice depicts two brands of loneliness.

First up, we have Yuuri’s loneliness. I think it is safe to remember that even having people around, you can still feel lonely. Keep in mind, that loneliness is a feeling. A feeling of being solitary or cut off from everyone else. 

In my perspective, Yuuri’s loneliness doesn’t wholly stem from physically being far away from people but it mostly stems from his mental state. This is where Yuuri’s anxiety comes in. Anxiety tends to lock its victim inside his/her own mind. As much as he interacts with people, he feels a disconnect between himself and others. The thing with interacting with others is that the interaction may not be what is currently needed or wanted. This is what ultimately creates that feeling of loneliness. You have people around you can talk to but the thing is you are not satisfied with the type of interaction you have with these people. Anxiety serves as a wedge for Yuuri to get what he subconsciously wants from interacting with people. He has a support group, but despite the blatant support he just doesn’t seem to feel it. The thing is with anxiety, the more it locks you inside your head, the less you truly interact with others. The more you focus on your own thoughts the more you cut off yourself from others. While he locks himself in, he can’t hear the things he really needed. Thus, barring him from truly connecting to others.

(The rest is under the cut since this ended up longer than I expected)

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I’ve Fallen for You - Tom Redwood

Synopsis: It’s not meant to be a secret. Written as a birthday gift for the one and only @radycat <3.

Pairing: Fareeha “Pharah” Amari/Angela “Mercy” Ziegler

It’s not meant to be a secret, because it’s not meant to be anything. They find each other as the sun is rising, one morning when they both have time off. Angela looks tired, like a week’s worth of sleep would be too short, but her eyes are wide open, watery and blue in the gray-white light that streams in through the common room window. Fareeha is, and has been, leaning against one of the windows, one leg slung over the extended sill, half-sitting, half-perching, her arms crossed and her eyes on the horizon.

“Why is it always you?” Angela says, and Fareeha has to smile. The dimple in her left cheek shows. Angela stares at it, at Fareeha’s profile, cradled softly by the imminent dawn. She has a strong jaw, high cheekbones, soft-looking wet lips, long eyelashes.

“I could say the same of you.”

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Klaine one-shot - “Problem Areas” (Rated PG13)

Kurt comes home from a rare Saturday work day, eager to go out on a date with his husband. But he finds Blaine acting strange, withdrawn, with odd Sharpie marks all over his skin. (2100 words)

Okay, so, I’ve been a little down on myself, and this is something I’ve been toying around with. I just recently got motivated to finish it. This is something that actually happened to me a long time ago when I started modeling, I was just way sassier back then with how I handled it xD I don’t know for sure if they do it now, but to be honest, I wouldn’t be surprised. Warning for angst, body issues, self-esteem issues, and body shaming. Mention of Sam. Kurt and Blaine still attend NYADA, but Kurt works at Vogue.

Read on AO3.

“Hey, honey! I’m home!” Kurt announces while he struggles with full hands to unlock the door to the loft. He’s relieved to finally be home. He hates working on Saturdays. Saturdays and Sundays are the only days he and Blaine get to spend 100% alone with each other. They turn off their phones, stay in bed all day, ignore the occasional knocks on the door from friends who can’t take a hint. Kurt loves his job at Vogue. He loves his boss, Isabelle. But Saturdays are reserved for him and his husband.

Thank God this only happens once in a blue moon.

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How to see Auras

If you want to see the Aura, you need to:

-Increase your eyes sensitivity
-Vary your range of interpreted vibration beyond the visible light.

You can accomplish the above by:

-Making use of your peripheral vision

-Increasing your exposure

-Intensifying your brain’s visual sensation, i.e. the communication between your brain’s left and right hemisphere

Peripheral Vision

You may be wondering why the need to use peripheral vision? Well, your retina, i.e., the focal plane of the eye containing photosensitive cells, is not so much damaged as the central part. Your central part of the retina is always in use so much so that over the years it suffers a progressed damage from excessive illumination like watching too much TV, artificial light, computers, etc. In addition, your central vision has adapted in certain ways over the years. You know why young children see auras much easier. It is because their central vision has not been damaged yet. When they go to school, they are told how to use their vision, and as such, they slowly lose their Auric sight.

Increasing Exposure

This can be easily explained by using the example of when you want to use your camera in a dark room. You need to increase the time of exposure of the film. The same thing goes for your eyes by focusing them on one spot for a while.

Your eyes can be able to average images when a scene moves in front of your eyes or when in motion. When you focus on one spot, you are increasing your sensitivity because of your eyes’ ability to average the incoming light and combine the effect it produces.

Your photosensitive cells work like vibration sensors, something similar to three radio receivers tuned to three colors RGB. If you want to get a large vibration of maybe a swing, you need to apply a very weak but persistent force. If you concentrate with your eyes on one spot, you can see how this effect looks like; i.e. you can slowly shift your photosensitive cells into large vibration with a very small stimulation, which in turn leads to a visual sensation that is interpreted by your brain.

Here is a practical example

Stare at the black spot at the centre for about 30 seconds. Take note of the effect taking place on the colored dots by using your peripheral vision. Do not look anywhere else.

When you stimulate peripheral sensors for a while, you have color sensations, which are very different from what you see with the central vision. The more you focus, the brighter the “Aura” surrounding the colored areas. This is because of your increased sensitivity. You can look at this picture for hours and not see anything. However, you will notice that there is a significant difference when you concentrate on one spot for long enough. This exercise is to show you how you can be able to use certain capabilities of your eyesight. This is however not really a true manifestation of how an Aura can be seen.

Practical example 2

This exercise aims to show you how you can stimulate the communication between both of your brain’s hemispheres and increase the potential needed to see Auras. Take a look at the picture shown below. Let one of your fingers touch the space between the circles.

Change your focus from the tip of your finger to overlook the circles. You are supposed to see four circles. Try to overlap the two circles in the middle and you will see one circle with a white cross on top of your finger, at the centre between the two. The cross shows that the left hemisphere of the brain, which is linked to the right eye, is communicating with the right hemisphere, which is linked to the left eye.

You may find the cross floating somehow and unstable at first. You can make the cross stable by experimenting with the distance between your finger and eyes. You can gain the most benefit with 45 minutes of concentration, which is said to make a significant difference to your auric and mental abilities. The best way to go about it is to start with a minute or two and slowly increase the time with each week.

You should be able to generate and maintain a perfect cross without using your finger with time. While maintaining the cross, use your peripheral vision to recognize the other 2 circles and everything around. There should be Auric colors around the colored circles shown above. You can be able to see and read auras if you can diagnose your surroundings through your peripheral vision and not lose your concentration and the cross.

Advanced Levels Of Concentration

There seems to be a slightly closer diameter on one of the crosses when you are focusing. This means that one of the hemispheres of your brain seems to have dominion over the other. If you are a male, the horizontal diameter will most probably be above, i.e. left hemisphere dominates, whereas if you are a female, you will most likely see the vertical diameter above, meaning that the right hemisphere dominates. Try to bring the hidden diameter to the front by concentrating as much as possible. Your most advanced level will be when you achieve and maintain a perfect balance. At first, concentration gets a lot deeper. Then, after 2-3 minutes, it seems like you are losing your sight, with the bright background now turning dark purple or pink. At last, the level of sensitivity and awareness increases significantly.

Colors and Auric Pairs

As demonstrated in the previous exercises, it is evident that real colors are surrounded with Auras of different colors. Here is a list of Auric Pairs of colors for all colors of the rainbow, which are clean.

red - turquoise aura; turquoise - red aura
orange - blue aura; blue - orange aura
yellow - violet aura; violet - yellow aura
green - pink aura; pink - green aura

If you look around, you will see that the Nature loves Auric Pairs. You can be sure to find turquoise body parts in any red colored bird. This goes to yellow-violet, blue-orange, and pink-green associations. This is just as true in birds, as it is in fish, flowers butterflies; it could be anything, which has vivid and natural colors. You might notice “the next best” color sometimes as opposed to a perfect auric match. For instance, most flowers that grow on trees and surrounded by green leaves are pink or purple, violet, or red.

Natural Auric Pairs are very stimulating, and as such produce a great feeling of happiness and beauty. It is important to memorize and master the above Auric Pairs because you might tend to confuse for example a pink Aura around someone in a bright green dress, which may actually be the Aura of a dress, and a person.

Seeing the Aura

The following exercise is supposed to help you experience the Aura for the first time or practice seeing Auras. It is important to choose the right conditions in order to see the Aura better, and be confident of what you see.

Find someone and let him or her stand in front of a very lightly illuminated plain white background. If you make a colored background, you will see a change in Aura colors, but you might need additional knowledge about combining colors. You may find that some combinations of Aura and background colors could cause misinterpretation.

Find one spot to look at. You can settle for the middle of the forehead if you like. This location is commonly referred to as the Third Eye or Brow Chakra. Some cultures like India put a mark on their forehead. In the past, such a mark could suggest an invitation to view the Aura.

Stare at this spot for about 30 to 60 seconds

When thirty seconds are up, analyze your surroundings using your peripheral vision, but do not take your eyes off the same spot. Do not be tempted to look around. A bright background near the person should appear that is different from the background further away. This is your own interpretation of the Aura. It becomes more vivid the longer you concentrate. It is important to note that when you concentrate on one spot, you increase your sensitivity by accumulating the effect of the Aura vibration that reaches your eyes.

How to Take a snapshot of an Aura

Close your eyes once you have concentrated long enough and can see the aura. You will only see the aura for a second or two so be prepared. It takes one second or two for your photosensitive cells to stop vibrating and start sending visual sensations to the brain. You will have to start refocusing if you miss it. Find out how fast or slow you should close your eyes.

Observing Auras Of Other People

You can do this best by looking directly at someone’s third eye approximately 1.5 cm above the nose between eyes and focus on attaining the state similar to the concentration procedure that I have described above. There are similar results while using heart and throat chakras. However, concentrating on someone’s chest may make the other person very uneasy and awkward. However, you can continue with a conversation with someone when you look into his or her third eye. A Very lightly illuminated background with no shadows is the best.

How Can You See Your Own Aura

Find a sizeable mirror and stand in front about 1.5 m from the mirror. It is advisable to make your background plain white with no shadows. In addition, the illumination should be light rather than bright. Carry out the procedure for seeing Auras.

Do this exercise everyday for at least 10-15 minutes so that your sensitivity increases to develop your Auric sight.

Auric sight and after-images

Your eyes’ light sensors, i.e. Red, Green and Blue are vibration sensors that are non-linear but with memory. As such, they can oscillate for some time long after the visual stimulation has been discontinued.

This visual stimulation is what is frequently interpreted as afterimage. The most common thing about afterimages is that they take the same shape as the original images. The afterimage of an object has an Aura around it that is larger than that of the original image. The reason why the size increases in the afterimage is because of the vibration of an Aura and represents an aura’s snapshot. That is why it is important to concentrate on one spot when viewing the Aura and avoid the temptation to look somewhere else. Doing this can cause a confusion between the image of the Aura and the afterimage of the object.

To learn more, get the book Auras: Learn and Develop How to See, Sense, and Feel Human Auras (Auras,Human Aura,Astral Colors,Thought Forms,Chakras)

External image

To all the new Reylo shippers (a small little guide)!

Welcome to the Reylo family. We’re a diverse place full of awesome group of people from all around the world. You’ll never find a more creative and smart  bunch anywhere else in fandom. We’re packed full of metas, predictions, fan art, fanfiction, discourse, Kylo Ren thirsting, multishipping fun, gifs, memes, fan vids, podcasts, wacky headcanons and trashy kinky goodness!

Thanks to Star Wars Celebration 2017 being just as about Reylo blatant as you can get without telegraphing the obvious to the general public, we’ve seem to have gained quite a few new mutuals in our snug corner. I don’t know how many of you are completely new, have been hovering around the edges of fandom anonymously, are in fandom already but didn’t ship Reylo till now but for the sake of this post I’m going to treat you like you are new to Reylo and its accompanying subculture. 

For those of us who have been in the Reylo fandom for a long time (and Reylo started right after TFA came out) certain self-governing rules and forms of etiquette have become commonplace and even expected in our space. I feel it important to illuminate these to those who are new to whom it may not be readily obvious. Don’t worry, this isn’t like what kinks are acceptable or anything like that. 

For more, keep reading (or not)

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long morning awwwready - up since 430 - kitty - still stressed and grumpy - her - she hated this vet visit - resisted from the start - it fucked up her uh digestion -  dont wanna b more graphic - next question - me - im swinging like a compass tween 2 magnets - lack of sleep alone’ll do that - nothing new and i’ll get thru it - love the answer always - i try not to forget that - theres these overlapping circles - that stretch between the time zones - ppl i love who love each other - waves of water floating in the clouds - gentle softness of kind words - pictures and stories - holding hands hugs enfolding - we walk sometimes crawling - sometimes dancing swimming flying - no shame or fear about our feelings - together - always  

delicatewizardstranger  asked:

How to draw underswap papyrus?

This was surprisingly less difficult than I thought it would be?? I still struggle with drawing regular Papyrus, especially giving him cheerful but genuine expressions, but Underswap Pap is a bit more on my turf. Plus I’ve gotten more comfortable with drawing his expressions and just having fun with it!

I’m gonna preface this by saying that I don’t really have a set style for Underswap Pap, so if you want to see some cool and consistent examples of what style I think of when I think of his design, go look at @min-play‘s work and @ushirohesagaru‘s drawings! They both have unique styles that are equally fantastic, plus a lot of movement in their drawings!



His head is a bit easier to break into parts; I just overlap a circle and a rectangle. It can help to draw the line defining the zygomatic bone and maxilla (basically the cheeks to the mouth) along the sides of the rectangle jaw piece right after this? They help define the expression and the angle of the head.

Speaking of the head, I work on Pap the same as I work on Underswap Sans! I dunno, something about getting the expression down first boosts confidence maybe? There are a lot of aspects of Underswap Papyrus that you can swap out (AHAHAHA) depending on your stylistic preference.

I find that more pointy cheekbones look like Underfell Pap and rounder ones look more jovial. You can have a “toothless” mouth or indicate the teeth, or define each individual tooth! Heck, you want fangs? Give ‘im fangs!

So these are just notes I scribbled in the edges about Underswap Pap’s clothing. You can give him a giant floofy hood or something thinner, and play around with his outfit, but I think the biggest part is just making his clothing reflect his personality. Making his design flowing and loose gives it that more relaxed, nonchalant feel.

(More doodle notes)

Finally I just went back over all of the lines (which I had done with the Pressure for Opacity setting turned on) with the regular Photoshop brush to darken them up! I made his eyes a bit more narrow and added in the smoke and cigarette.

And some flat coloring!

(^^Practice sketches)

Some final notes: I’m constantly learning to let go a bit more and play around with the “malleability” of characters, how you can squash and stretch their expressions (like so) and make them feel more alive!

Sometimes I feel like my best work (or most “spontaneously good”) is when I don’t have any expectations, or in fact when I know it will turn out looking weird and then I surprise myself!

So it can help to take a tip from Underswap Pap and just be chill about it, sketch things out and draw them in crazy and new ways and have fun with it! :D