overcrowding

anonymous asked:

namseok college roommates au? with a stuck-up namjoon falling for a carefree hoseok :)

Namjoon hates libraries.

Libraries are always overcrowded because it seems like everybody decides to study on the days when Namjoon has to go there and silence becomes an abstract noun with so much people in one place. Everybody is whispering or listening to music or idly flipping through the pages of their books or moving around, going out for nothing and coming in with nothing.

Namjoon hates it and no matter how hard he tries, he can’t focus on the tasks in front of him and after a while it seems like the exercises in his books are mocking him.

But Namjoon doesn’t have to be in the library. He’s one of the lucky ones on the campus who got only one roommate and a decent-sized room for college. His floor is silent because the majority of residents are chemistry and physics majors who spend their time in the laboratories.

Namjoon could easily study in his room with the large window opened, but there’s only one tiny obstacle he can’t overcome and it’s named Hoseok.

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Is it okay to have a bunch of plants like this on one dresser or will they try to fight for resources/get overcrowded? I water them the proper water requirement and it’s right next to my window so they should be getting enough sunlight, but is it okay to have them all in one spot like this? (There are 11 plants on here)

YAAA of course! As long as they get enough sunlight

Bizarrely enough, a few nights ago I had a dream about this patient dormitory at Norwich State Hospital, an early-20th-century cottage-plan asylum in Preston, CT.  Knowing I had a photograph of it lying about somewhere, I finally found it this morning with my morning coffee - but the search for it made me recognize the need to seriously organize and catalogue my work from hundreds of abandoned building trips.  In any case, this is a good example of what a dormitory might have looked like once overcrowding became a dominant problem in the asylum system - the the notable exception of the lack of patient beds in the middle of the room; there surely would have been another half-dozen.

Print available here.

Vegan: You’re against animal cruelty, right?

Person: Of course.

Vegan: If it was happening right in front of you, you would be horrified by it? You would try to stop it?

Person: I love animals.

How is it rational to say that because it’s happening miles away, behind closed doors, it makes it okay? Aren’t we the ‘smart’ ones? The ones with the vast ability to research our choices and their consequences?

A lot of people are against animal cruelty. So why do they support it? Is it so hard to wrap your head around that just because everybody else is doing it doesn’t make it right? That our system could be flawed?

You know it’s happening. Not right in front of you, no. And apparently that makes all the difference. As long as nobody brings it up we never have to face this contradiction. Sure we could look into it ourselves but we never will. As long as it’s not in our backyard anything goes, our morals have parameters around them. I wonder how wide they go? Fifty feet? Ten feet? five feet? Is it not just a matter of being out of sight but also a matter of it requiring walking or moving?

Is what we we believe in so shallow?

We are intelligent, we are taught to fight for what we believe, or at least you would think, by the stream of stories representing such, and yet we cannot see the contradiction in standing for something and standing against it at the same time? All it takes is lack of visibility, not lack of knowledge, no, we have that. I would think most people have heard of what a vegetarian means, the same people who post pictures of cute piglets and yawning kittens, so what isn’t clicking? How can you claim to love and admire and find so cuuuttteee and so adorableee and hahaha- how can you claim to love those you’re hurting?

Overcrowding: John B. Calhoun’s Rodent Experiments

Population density and social pathology in rodents and humans:

In a 1962 edition of Scientific American, the ecologist John B Calhoun presented the results of a macabre series of experiments conducted at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).1He had placed several rats in a laboratory in a converted barn where – protected from disease and predation and supplied with food, water and bedding – they bred rapidly. The one thing they were lacking was space, a fact that became increasingly problematic as what he liked to describe as his “rat city” and “rodent utopia” teemed with animals. Unwanted social contact occurred with increasing frequency, leading to increased stress and aggression. Following the work of the physiologist, Hans Selye, it seemed that the adrenal system offered the standard binary solution: fight or flight.2 But in the sealed enclosure, flight was impossible. Violence quickly spiralled out of control. Cannibalism and infanticide followed. Males became hypersexual, pansexual and, an increasing proportion, homosexual. Calhoun called this vortex “a behavioural sink”. Their numbers fell into terminal decline and the population tailed off to extinction. At the experiments’ end, the only animals still alive had survived at an immense psychological cost: asexual and utterly withdrawn, they clustered in a vacant huddled mass. Even when reintroduced to normal rodent communities, these “socially autistic” animals remained isolated until death. In the words of one of Calhoun’s collaborators, rodent “utopia” had descended into “hell”.3 Calhoun’s experiments with rats and mice proved extremely influential. His findings resonated with a variety of concerns, including population growth, environmental degradation and urban violence.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2636191/

Population density and social pathology (Comments by Calhoun):

The consequences of the behavioral pathology we observed were most apparent among the females. Many were unable to carry pregnancy to full term or to survive delivery of their litters if they did. An even greater number, after successfully giving birth, fell short in their maternal functions. Among the males the behavior disturbances ranged from sexual deviation to cannibalism and from frenetic overactivity to a pathological withdrawal from which individuals would emerge to eat, drink and move about only when other members of the community were asleep. The social organization of the animals showed equal disruption. Each of the experimental populations divided itself into several groups, in each of which the sex ratios were drastically modified. One group might consist of six or seven females and one male, whereas another would have 20 males and only 10 females.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1501789/pdf/califmed00143-0080.pdf

Continued: Death Squared: The Explosive Growth and Demise of a Mouse Population

The conclusions drawn from this experiment were that when all available space is taken and all social roles filled, competition and the stresses experienced by the individuals will result in a total breakdown in complex social behaviours, ultimately resulting in the demise of the population.

This isn’t to say the world’s landmass is (or will be) over crowded, but the fate of these rodent populations may be used as a metaphor of the potentially devastating consequences for crowded urban cities:

Related: The City Life - Africa’s Urban Poor Are Becoming Obese

“No small part of this ugly barbarization has been due to sheer physical congestion: a diagnosis now partly confirmed with scientific experiments with rats – for when they are placed in equally congested quarters, they exhibit the same symptoms of stress, alienation, hostility, sexual perversion, parental incompetence, and rabid violence that we now find in the Megalopolis.”–Lewis Mumford 1968

Overcrowded

I’m sure that it’s true that adding 10% more workers to London and letting them live like factory hens would make London’s corporations more profitable. Londoners may even acquire more tablet computers and smart phones. Yet our lives would be worse! Already the definition of a kitchen in a flat in Hackney is a line of cupboards down the side of the living room. Just how many times can they divide up these beautiful old houses into smaller and smaller boxes?

The mistake that these economists make is to become totally business centric. Their analysis stops at the profits of business and they fail to follow the process through to ensure that it benefits the population as a whole.

It is notable that the venerable economists who wrote the letter to Mr. Osbourne uttered not a squeak about the corporate profits which are being  filched away overseas to avoid paying tax as was reported in the same edition of the FT. Surely that too is “deeply damaging to the competitiveness of our science and research sectors and the wider economy”.

http://tinyurl.com/brkhqud

This was one of the few finished rooms in the attic of Buffalo State Hospital.  It was most likely originally a break room for workers; certain pencil scratchings on the walls would seem to confirm this, as would its placement (it can only be reached by way of a staircase up to a mostly-unfinished attic filled with ductwork and such).  But during the height of overcrowding, it is almost certain that this room was converted to hold patients - at one point, this asylum held more than twice as many patients as it was designed for; even after auxiliary buildings were built on the grounds, the grand main building was above capacity.

Print available here.

rt.com
Water wars? Devastating shortages will fuel MidEast conflicts for 25 yrs/RussiaToday
In a worrying global trend, the Middle East is set for a record water shortage to strike over the next 25 years. The global fallout from the recent record heatwaves will force more and more people into overcrowded cities and stagnate economic growth.

Drought and water shortages in Syria likely contributed to the unrest that stoked the country’s 2011 civil war. Dwindling water resources and chronic mismanagement forced 1.5 million people, primarily farmers and herders, to lose their livelihoods and leave their land, move to urban areas, and magnify Syria’s general destabilization.

33 countries are predicted to face “extreme high water stress” by the year 2040, 14 will be in the Middle East and North Africa.

SCOTUS rules CA prisons unconstitutionally overcrowded

“Incompatible with the concept of human dignity”: So said Justice Anthony Kennedy, writing for the 5-4 Supreme Court majority that ruled California’s state prison system is so overcrowded that they say it violates constitutional rights (the level of health services available to inmates who sorely need them has been a relevant issue of late). As such, the ruling may force the state to release nearly 40,000 prisoners. “The release of prisoners in large numbers … is a matter of undoubted, grave concern, yet so too is the continuing injury and harm resulting from these serious constitutional violations,” said Kennedy. source

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Children in an Urban World - Part 4 of 5

Economic shocks also wreak havoc on the urban poor, who spend 50–80 per cent of their income on food. (Left) boys sleep on a moored boat in Dhaka. They live on the streets, often working all night. Cities are beacons of opportunity and culture, but they also host hundreds of millions of children growing up in scarcity and deprivation. UNICEF advocates for nurturing cities for all – starting with children.

Bangladesh, 2006 ©UNICEF/Noorani

To learn more, please visit: http://www.unicef.org/sowc2012/

MP actually touches on the population taboo!

I’ve had a bit of a radio week for some reason.  It seems to have been on a lot.  And thank goodness it was…..especially in a week where the 7 billion population figure has been in the news.

Yesterday I was listening to Any Questions on BBC Radio 4.  One of the questions put to the panel concerned a recent suggestion by one of those thinktank things that elderly people in large houses should be forced out of them and into smaller accommodation, in order to make way for larger families who can’t find anywhere big enough to live.

Of course, it didn’t actually say that elderly people should be forced to leave their homes.  That was just the hysterical knee-jerk interpretation by the wider media after the story was given considerable air time by the BBC.

The ’Intergenerational Foundation’, in its Hoarding on Housing report said that 25 million bedrooms are empty in England’s homes.  The document, based on English Housing Survey figures, found that 51.5% of over-65s live in homes with two or more bedrooms that they do not need, and half of single households where the owner is aged over 60 have three spare bedrooms or more.

The document went on to conclude that more than a third of homes are “under-occupied,” up from a fifth in 1971. These are classed as households with at least two bedrooms more than they require.  The co-author of the report, Matthew Griffiths said

“It is perfectly understandable that retired people cling to their home long after it has outlived its usefulness as a place to bring up a family in.  But there are profound social consequences of their actions which are now causing real problems in a country where new house-building is almost non-existent.”

The report has caused considerable controversy and debate and it wasn’t surprising therefore, that the following question was put to this week’s panel:

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GINK: Green Inclinations, No Kids

“Well-meaning people have told me that I’m "just the sort of person who should have kids.” Au contraire. I’m just the sort of person who should not have kids.

Population isn’t just about counting heads. The impact of humanity on the environment is not determined solely by how many of us are around, but by how much stuff we use and how much room we take up. And as a financially comfortable American, I use a lot of stuff and take up a lot of room….

….When someone like me has a child – watch out, world! Gear, gadgets, gewgaws, bigger house, bigger car, oil from the Mideast, coal from Colombia, coltan from the Congo, rare earths from China, pesticide-laden cotton from Egypt, genetically modified soy from Brazil. And then when that child has children, wash, rinse, and repeat (in hot water, of course). Without even trying, we Americans slurp up resources from every corner of the globe and then spit 99 percent of them back out again as pollution…..

…..And so, for environmental as well as personal reasons, I’ve decided not to have children. I call myself a GINK: green inclinations, no kids.

So says Lisa Hymas in the Guardian this week, explaining her views on population and why she decided to become a ‘GINK’.  No, I hadn’t heard of it either, but her piece is an interesting article, not too long and well worth reading it in full.

In it, Hymas muses about the prejudice that people without kids experience, the strange quizzical looks she receives when she tells people why she doesn’t have children.

It’s an awful situation really, that in an age of reproductive freedom (in the West at least), not having kids is perceived as though it were taboo.  It got me thinking about the way I myself perceive couples, and especially women, who don’t have children….

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