it has a skeleton made out of wire, which was wrapped with tin foil, and a type of clay called sculpey molded over that to give it it’s shape, which was then baked in my oven to solidify the clay. it was painted with acrylic paints, and there’s some glitter hairsprayed to it’s back
sadly scupley does crack a little and it did crack on the stomach a tiny bit, but you can’t tell from how it sits.
it was designed to sit specifically at that angle that it’s stand sits at, i’m not sure if it would break or not at any other angle, but i’d rather not risk it.
the stand is meant to be a crystal that was made out of cardboard and painted with acrylics; sadly, it doesn’t match up to the quality of the dragon b/c i was pressed for time, but overall i’m really happy with how this piece came out. it was the first time i’ve ever used a clay material like this before, and i think it came out pretty nicely all things considered
(i would be willing to sell it tho for the right price. since it took me weeks to create this, it would have to be at least over $100. if anyone is interested, hit me up at my email email@example.com)
Used my unused abundance of traditional media tools to draw Lucidia skellies!! If I’m not too busy tomorrow, I’m gonna do Salt and Da Queen.
Sage was done with Copic markers. The guitar could’ve been better.
Pepper was done with crayons. She’s all dressed up and ready to brawl!
Cardamom Thyme was done with pencils (I’m sorry for betraying you, CQ). I think I made her look a lot more elegant that she actually is.
Chili P. was done with watercolor pencils. Unfortunately, I accidentally drew him on the wrong type of paper, so it didn’t turn out quite as nice as I’d envisioned.
Da Queen was made of Sculpey (an oven-bake clay that u recommend) and painted with some crappy acrylic paint. I think I did decently for someone that’s only made three complete sculptures in their lifetime. Her eyes follow you!
Salt was made with Chameleon markers. They’re extremely hard to work with, so she didn’t turn out very good.
Benjamin Thompson (1753-1814, Count Rumford) was a physicist & inventor who
worked to improve English kitchens. He was not pleased at all with
their design, both in terms of health and economics. In the 1790’s,
he wrote, “More fuel is frequently consumed in a kitchen range to
boil a tea-kettle than, with proper management, would be sufficient
to cook a dinner for fifty men.”
He didn’t think it was worth it for the roast meat that England was
famous for, and complained that English cooks had neglected the art
of making of “nourishing soups and broths”. The main problem, he
said, was that the hearth was open.
At this time, the typical English kitchen had a very long range
(because of all the pots that had to be put on the fire). This meant
that a huge, very tall chimney was needed, wasting fuel and making
the kitchen extremely hot and constantly smoky. There were also cold
draughts by the chimney.
To solve this problem, Rumford built invented his own custom-built
closed range, which he installed in the House of Industry in
Munich (i.e. the workhouse). It used far less fuel.
Rumford’s range had many small enclosed fires, instead of one large
fire. Each pot had its own separate, closed fireplace. The
fireplaces were built with bricks (for good insulation), had a door
to shut them, and each had their own individual canal which took the
smoke into the chimney.
But while Rumford’s design was a major improvement, it never caught
to a wide audience. Part of the problem was that ironmongers (the
main producers of cooking apparatus at the time) didn’t want to sell
it, because it was made from bricks and not iron. (Later on, various
“Rumford stoves” would be marketed and sold, but with no
connection to the original.)
But it wasn’t just a marketing issue. People hate change, and they
were determined to stick to the old ways. The English believed that
open fires roasted, and bread ovens baked. You couldn’t mix the two
together. In 1838, Mary Randolph said, “No meat can be
well-roasted except on a spit turned by a jack, and before a clear,
steady fire – other methods are no better than baking.”
Inventors kept working on spit-jacks for ages. In 1845, a patent was
taken out for an electrically-propelled spit-jack, using two magnets.
Even in 1907, the Skinners’ Company in London had a 3.3m-wide
roasting range in the Guildhall kitchen. Progress was not so easily
Baking vs. Roasting
In the Middle East, this baking/roasting division did not exist. The
Arabic word khubz means “bread”, and from this comes the
verb khabaza, which means “to bake/make khubz”.
But it can also mean “to grill” or “to roast”.
Mesopotamian bread ovens have been found dating back to 3000 BC
(modern-day Pakistan, Syria, Iran & Iraq). They are round
cylinders, made of clay. A fire is lit in the bottom of the
cylinder; then dough is lowered through a hole in the top and slapped
on the inside of the oven. A few minutes later, it has baked into
flatbread, and is lifted out again.
These clay ovens are still used today in the Middle East, Central &
South-East Asia, and in many rural areas in African countries. It is
called a tandoor. Many other things are cooked in it, not just
The tandoor cooks with intense, dry baking heat. Even poor
households used them to bake bread. In Amarna (an Ancient Egyptian
village from 1350 BC), half of the labourers’ houses showed traces of
a tandoor. Unlike in medieval Europe, where it was believed
that the only real bread was professionally baked, home-made bread
was the preference. In medieval Baghdad, a marketplace inspector
once remarked that “most people avoid eating bread baked in the
Like the portable braziers of Ancient Greece, the tandoor was
portable, and far better than building a fire in the hearth. They
were also cheap. An “eye” at the bottom of the cylinder gave
control over the level of heat, by opening & shutting. For
example, a round Iraqi water-bread coated in sesame oil would be
cooked in a moderate heat, but other breads needed extreme heat. The
fuel is burned directly inside the tandoor, on the bottom, so
temperatures can reach up to 480°C (most domestic ovens can only get
up to 220°C).
The tandoor wasn’t just used for baking – it was also used
for stewing, and for roasting as well. In the West, tandoori chicken
(chicken marinated in yoghurt & red spices) is well-known, and it
is cooked in a tandoor.
In Baghdad in the 900’s AD, the tandoor’s roasting
capabilities were mostly used for “fatty whole lamb or kid –
mostly stuffed…big chunks of meat, plump poultry or fish.” These
were either laid on flat brick tiles, which were arranged on the
fire; or put on metal skewers and lowered in from the top.
There are three different types of cooking heat. In all of them (as
physics requires), heat moves from the hotter area/object to the
is used for grilling. It’s like when you put your hand above a
heater, without touching it: the heat blasts out from it and warms
your hand without you even needing to touch it. No contact is
needed. A red-hot fire gives plenty of radiant heat from the flames
works through direct touch, from one object to another. This is like
touching the heater, instead of putting your hand above it. Metals
are excellent conductors; brick, wood and clay are poor conductors.
For cooking, conduction is the type of heat transfer when you put a
piece of meat in a pan.
a gas/liquid. The hot parts of the gas/liquid are less dense than
the cool ones, but gradually it evens out (for density and
temperature). This is like the heat of the heater spreading
gradually through the room. For cooking, convection happens when
cooking porridge or boiling water.
any cooking method will use a combination of these forms of heat
transfer, one will usually dominate, and it is this which makes the
unusual – it uses all three at the same time. Radiant heat from
the fire below, and from the hot clay walls; conduction from the clay
to the bread, or the metal skewers to the meat; and convection within
the hot air circulating in the tandoor.
This is what makes this oven so versatile.
old Western ovens were basically brick boxes. They used both about
20% radiation and 80% convection. Instead of the constant intense
heat of the tandoor,
their fire started off fierce (radiation) but then cooled down
gradually, and convection took over. In fact, the food didn’t even
usually get put in until the fire had cooled down.
the centuries, cooking methods evolved to make the best use of this
type of heat transfer. Food was cooked in order – bread when the
oven was hottest; then stews, pastries and puddings; herbs might be
left to dry in it overnight, when the oven was barely warm.
ancient & medieval times, bread ovens were huge, communal
affairs. A manor/monastery kitchen had massive equipment to match
the ovens – wooden spoons as big as oars; massive trestle tables to
knead the dough on.
of fuel (wood/charcoal) were heaved into the back of the oven, taken
from stoking sheds outside, and then fired up. When the oven was
hot, the ashes were raked out into the stoking sheds. Then the dough
was shoved in on peels
– extremely long wooden spoons. Bakers worked almost naked because
of the heat, like the turnspits.
the 1700’s, baking equipment included wooden kneading troughs; pastry
jaggers; hoops & traps for tarts & pies; peels; patty pans;
wafer irons; earthenware dishes.
Baking oven & kneading trough.
Pastry jagger (American, 1800-50).
Peels in a medieval baker shop.
Modern patty pans.
Wafer iron (Italian, 1500′s).
Royal kitchen at St. James’ Palace (1819). There is an open-grate fire for roasting (back right); a closed oven for baking (front right); and a raised brick hearth for stewing & sauces (front left?) Each type of cooking was separate.
wasn’t just the baking/roasting division that hindered the adoption
of ovens. A fire is homey and comforting, and people were unsure
about centering their home around an enclosed fire instead of an open
one. Stoves were introduced in America during the 1830’s, but people
said that they might be fine for heating public places such as bars
or courthouses, but not their homes.
they got used to it eventually. The “model cookstove” became the
new focus of the home, and it was one of the great “consumer status
symbols of the industrial age”.
Victorian stove was a large, unwieldy cast-iron contraption. It had
a hot-water tank for boiling; hotplates to put pots & pans on; a
coal-fired oven closed with iron doors; and “complicated
arrangements of flues, their temperature controlled by a register and
dampers” linking all the parts together.
the mid-1800’s, the “kitchener” was the
essential object in an American or British middle-class kitchen. And
like the home, the kitchen was now centered around the stove, instead
of around the fire.
Britain’s Great Exhibition of 1851, the Improved Leamington Kitchener
won first prize of all the kitcheners on display. It used a single
fire to combine roasting and baking. A wrought-iron roaster with
dripping-pan was inside, but by closing the back valves, it could be
turned into a baking oven. And it could provide the household with
gallons of boiling water – for a kitchener wasn’t just for cooking,
but also for warmth and hot water, and also for heating up irons.
Leamington range was one of the first pieces of cooking equipment to
become a household name in Britain. It ended up being used to refer
to closed ranges in general. There were many other competing models,
such as the Coastal Grand Pacific and the Plantress.
fancier stoves were as much about fashion as they were about
practicality. But it wasn’t just about “keeping up” with
everyone else. Part of the reason for the stove’s popularity was the
Industrial Revolution, which created a coal & iron boom, and
flooded the market with cheap cast iron. Ironmongers loved this type
of stove (unlike Rumford’s brick stove) because it was made almost
entirely out of iron, and so were its accessories. And new versions
were always coming out, so they were constantly selling new stoves,
as people wanted the latest ones.
in the mid-1700’s, a new method of cast-iron production had been
discovered, which used coal instead of charcoal. John “Iron-Mad”
Wilkinson’s invention of the steam engine pushed production even
further. A generation later, cast iron was everywhere. And
kitcheners also supported the coal industry, because they were almost
all coal-fired (rather than wood, peat or turf).
Coal wasn’t a new
fuel for kitchens. The first “coal revolution” happened back in
the mid-1500’s because of a wood shortage. Industry expanded rapidly
during the 2nd
half of the 1500’s, and timber was essential for the production of
glass, iron and lead. Timber was also required for ship-building
(the English were at war with the Spanish at that time). So there
was less wood for kitchens, and many converted to “sea-coal”
(called that because it was brought by sea), albeit reluctantly.
rural areas, the wood fire was still used, and the poorer folk in the
city and countryside made do with whatever fuel they could find.
switch to coal changed the way open hearths were set up. Previously,
the kitchen fire had really been a bonfire, with andirons or
brandirons to stop the burning logs from rolling out onto the floor.
And that was all. It was dreadfully dangerous.
Saxon archbishop in the 600’s AD said that “if a woman place her
infant by the hearth, and the man put water in the cauldron, and it
boil over and the child be scalded to death, the woman must do
penance for her negligence but the man is acquitted of blame.” The
open fire was especially dangerous for toddlers, and also women,
because of their clothes. Medieval coroners’ reports show that women
were more at risk for accidental death at home than anywhere else.
fires were common, because houses were made of wood. The Great Fire
of London was caused by a kitchen fire at Pudding Lane. The city was
rebuilt with brick, and the new houses had coal-burning grates.
coal, a container or improved barrier was needed, to stop it going
everywhere. A metal grate was used to solve the problem, called a
“chamber grate” or “cole baskett”. Now the open fires were
slightly more enclosed, and a bit safer.
kitchen equipment was needed. A cast-iron
fireback protected the wall from the fierce heat of the fire. Fire
cranes swung pots over the fire, and off it.
Firebacks (Victorian & 1300′s).
biggest change was the chimney. In the 2nd
half of the 1500’s, more chimneys were built. Because of the
disgusting coal fumes, wider chimneys were needed to carry away the
smoke. The increased levels of smoke may have contributed to the
high incidence of lung disease among the English. It was certainly
terrible for people’s health.
to the Victorian kitcheners. While it was a technological
improvement, it wasn’t much of an improvement in terms of
practicality. Many of the early cookstoves were poorly-constructed
and gave off terrible coal fumes, unlike Rumford’s ideal stov. A
letter to The Expositor
in 1853 called them “poison machines”, and spoke of three people
who had recently died from the fumes.
they were inefficient, too. American promoters claimed that they
saved 50-90% on fuel (compared to an open hearth), but a great deal
of heat was wasted. The problem with stoves being made of iron was
that they weren’t insulated (again, unlike Rumford’s stove). Lots of
heat was being radiated out into the kitchen, and the cook had to
deal with not only that, but also the soot and ash dust.
kitchener certainly wasn’t labour-efficient. In fact, it was often
worse than an open hearth in this case. Getting the fire going was
just as difficult, and polishing & cleaning the range took ages.
In 1912, the wife of a policeman listed her daily duties for the
range (excluding the actual cooking):
fender and fire-irons.
out all the ashes and cinders; first throw in some damp tea-leaves to
keep down the dust.
When I created this process, I had been through a very rough
period in my life. A dear friend and ex-lover of mine went missing and, if that
were not enough, I – as a witch – had a very hard time dealing with the fact I
was not able to find him. At was at this time, I made the choice to drink
Morning Glory tea and seek him out – what I found was all the more
heartbreaking. I knew he had gone from this life – and lo and behold, months
later the news arrived. It was at this time – because, even though I knew he
had perished, there was a touch of hope that perhaps I had misinterpreted the
signs, misunderstood the message – that I decided to remove my heart.
So, I sat down and worked out the specifics, knowing well
what I was doing. When the time came to do the ritual, I prepared. I had
crossed every “t”, dotted every “I” – but as I began, I knew this was not what
it seemed. I had written it to free myself of the heartache by means of
metaphorically removing my heart. What I found was all the more placating. As
the ritual proceeded, I knew I would not be removing my heart – but memorializing
it. I penned out a lengthy letter, in which I tied up all loose ends – not just
with the aforementioned, but all loose ends of my life. I wrote them all out
and folded the paper inside the heart, let the wax seal it in and I had done what
needed doing, and made an oath then and there:
All these things, I
will carry with me always, but no longer might they hold me back. They have
been sealed in the past, so that I may move forward – but forever, all of them
will remain, tucked away in my chest.
I sealed up that heart, wrapped it in cloth and then stowed
it away in a miniature, wooden chest (Word
of wisdom, though, make sure you remember where you stash it, because I spent
20 minutes searching all over for the damned thing so I could take a photo or
So, if you are ready to allow the past be the past, and seal
up the memories – I have brought to you the ritual.
Things You’ll Need:
For the Heart –
Air-Dry or Oven Bake Clay – however, if you have a kiln, by
all means… – also, as a last ditch, you can use clay-rich soil/dirt, I talk
about the process here
Wax – you can use candlewax or paraffin, which can be found
at most supermarkets (you’ll have to ask someone, because no place puts it in
the same damn section [I’m not still bitter])
(Optional) Paint – I used red and pink wax, so I forewent
the painting process
For the Rest –
A Box/Chest/Bag or other Storage Option
Time (& other supplies of your choosing) – as I said, I
sat down and wrote everything out, but that isn’t the only way. If you want to
burn some things, scream, do a little crying, do what you need to do, just make
sure you have something to stuff into the heart!
The process is relatively simple, but somewhat time
consuming. Begin by sculpting your heart – as you can see, I went the more
anatomical route, but the symbolic heart is perfectly fine – it’s your heart,
sculpt it however you damn well please. However, you’re going to want to hollow
it at least partially out. That’s where you’ll be shoving all the memories and
tokens and whatnot. After complete, allow it to cure – through air drying or
oven baking. This can be a timely process, don’t rush it.
Once completely dry, in a double boiler, melt your wax. It’s
not recommended to melt paraffin in the microwave, as it’s a minor fire hazard.
If you don’t happen to have a double boiler, a bowl that snuggly hugs the sides
of a pot will work just fine – though not plastic, that would be another
hazard. Once the wax is thoroughly melted, remove it from the boiler and allow
it to cool momentarily. On a nonstick surface, such as wax paper or aluminum
foil, place your heart hollow side up. Pour the wax into the hollow and turn it
so that it evenly coats the inside. This may also take some time. After a few
moments, the wax cools enough to touch – so you can work it with your hands.
Once the inside has cooled enough to remain solid, cover the
rest, following the same procedure, allowing it to cool and then working it
with your hands. This seals any cracks and also gives the added bonus of a
nice, smooth, shiny coat once hardened.
Once the heart is complete, the rest is very much up to you –
however you wish to go about it. I went through a lengthy process of setting up
an entire table for the working – covered in photos, keepsakes and the like
(which I then boxed separately for safe keeping, out of sight and out of mind).
After having written the very long letter, I folded it up and placed it inside,
then melted a bit of wax over it to secure both it and a candle – which I lit
and let burn down so that it would seal it the rest of the way.
As seen above, I keep
mine in a small cedar box, wrapped in a handkerchief on a bed of Sulphur – but your
choice of storage is entirely up to you.
As a word of warning, since the “removal” I become a witchy-nun – vows and everything, so that could be a possible side effect, I’m not entirely sure.
I decided to combine my anonymous request of clony being married and my friend @linkkay idea about Clay offering to help Tony in the kitchen. I hope you guys like it! Don’t forget to send me fic ideas if you have them :)
This was the first time the Padilla’s were hosting Thanksgiving at their place. That is, Tony and Clay Padilla.
They had only been married a year and a half but that didn’t discourage Tony from wanting to host and cook for his loved ones. Clay didn’t mind the company either but when it came to the cooking…he was absolutely terrible to put it bluntly.
Fortunately, Clay and Tony’s parents offered to bring dishes so all of the work wouldn’t fall on Tony. The main thing that needed to be done was the turkey and some deserts.
As Tony was finishing up with the turkey and placing it in the oven, Clay rounded the corner with a huge grin on his face.
“Hey babe,” Clay wrapped his arms around Tony from behind. “it smells amazing in here.”
“Thanks, mi amor. I hope everything turns out well.”
Clay kissed Tony’s cheek in reassurance. “It will, don’t worry about it. I’ll help you.”
Tony couldn’t help but laugh hysterically.
“What’s so funny?” frown lines appeared on Clay’s forehead.
“Baby, you can’t be serious.”
“I’m very serious.”
“But…you can’t cook. Hell, you can’t even boil water properly.” Tony cracked.
“Oh fuck you, Tony. All I have to do is follow directions, it can’t be that hard.”
“Alright, if you think it’s so easy, be my guest.” Tony motioned for Clay to get started.
“Well I didn’t mean doing it all by myself. I could assist you.”
“Haha okay,” Tony reached for a book on the kitchen counter and flipped to page 17. “This cookbook was a gift from my mom. It has the recipe to a ton of deserts in here. I was thinking of making peach cobbler.”
“That sounds good but something with chocolate would be better.”
Tony scoffed. “Okayyy, how about we do brownies afterwards?”
“Heck yeah!” They both laughed. Clay was such a nerd but Tony secretly loved that about him.
“Alright!” Tony clapped his hands together. “Let’s get started. Start reading the ingredients to me.”
The peach cobbler consisted of peaches, lemon juice, cinnamon, sugar, flour, and so much more. The first step was to measure out all of the spices, starting with the flour.
“One cup of flour coming right up!” Clay picked up the jumbo bag of flour and began pouring it into the cup. It overflowed.
“Clay, that’s way too much” Tony chastised. “scrape some off the top and put it back in the bag.”
Tony side-eyed Clay.
Clay took a butter knife and abrasively took the extra flour off in the direction of Tony and it splattered all over his black sweater.
“It’s okay…I’ll just go and change.” Tony’s voice was calm but there was an underlining edge to his tone.
To make it up to Tony, Clay decided to go ahead and continue with the directions and measure each ingredient and dump it into a giant bowl. By the time Tony got back the kitchen and Clay were in shambles.
“I found this apron in the garage so I thought it’d be a good idea to- Clay! what the fuck are you doing!?”
The kitchen-aid mixer was on high and spinning the concoction of dairy products and seasoning all over the counter tops and floor, making the whole ordeal catastrophic.
“I don’t know how to turn this thing off!” Clay said in a panic. Tony immediately reached for the cord and unplugged it out of the socket. The mixer came to a definite stop.
Clay’s face reddened.
Why didn’t I think to do that, he thought to himself.
Tony slowly walked up to Clay and held his face with both hands. He left a lingering kiss on Clay’s mouth and seductively whispered “Clay, I love you, but if you stay in this kitchen for one more second…I will kill you.
“I-I’m sorry, I should help you clean up-”
“Clay!” Tony said with a little more force and growl. “leave now or I will fuck you against this counter-top so hard you won’t be able to walk straight for days.”
Clay was speechless, turned on, and a little frightened all in one.
After Clay left the kitchen, Tony licked some of the goo from the mixing bowl off his thumb and hummed in pleasure.
This isn’t half bad, he thought.
“Hey, my mom just texted me, she said they’re on their way.”
“Okay, I’m just finishing up the brownies so it’s perfect timing.”
Clay got a whiff of a weird charred smell. “Tony…what’s that smell?”
Tony’s eye ballooned. “Shit!” He ran to the oven and opened it up to find the turkey black and inedible.
“Fuck me.” Tony whispered.
“What happened?” Clay asked, oblivious to the ruined turkey.
“I burnt the damn turkey! You know, this is all your fault.”
“How is it my fault!? You should’ve been paying attention to the time.”
“I forgot to put the timer on because I got distracted by you.” Tony gave him an accusatory look.
“I still don’t see how it’s my fault but whatever. What are we going to do?” Clay asked.
Tony sighed. “I don’t know.”
An idea came to Clay. “Oh, I know! I can just ask my mom to bring a roast from the store. I mean it’s on her way here, right?”
Tony kissed Clay’s hand. “That’s a good idea.”
The house was full of warm spirit as everyone gathered around the dinner table to take a seat. It was a family tradition for the Padilla’s to go around the table and say a few things they were grateful for. It started with Tony’s parents and made it’s way to Tony, saving the best for last.
“I’m grateful for all of this amazing food God has blessed us with. I’m grateful for all of you being here. I’m grateful to have a roof over my head and a bed to lay my head at night but most importantly I’m grateful for Clay.”
Tony turned to look at Clay with an intense, loving stare. He wanted to make sure Clay knew how much he meant to him.
“You and I have been through so much and I’m so glad we made it out the other side. I can’t imagine my life with anyone else but you. I love you, Clay.”
Clay looked down briefly to hide his blush but everyone in the room could see it.
“You have mi corazon for life.”
Clay squeezed Tony’s hand “Happy Thanksgiving, Tony.”
I made this prop a few months ago, so I only have the progress photos I remembered to take, but hopefully I can fill in the gaps with explanation.
As always, I hope this tutorial helps give you a good idea of where to start, and that you make it your own project rather than copying mine move for move. You can learn a lot that way, and taking liberties is what makes your project unique. Anyway, let’s get started~
½ cup aloe vera gel 2 tbsp dry calendula flowers 2 tbsp dry chamomile flowers 1 tsp green tea leaves
Mix all the ingredients in an oven proof glass or clay container. Warm on the stove at a low heat setting for a few minutes until very warm. Cool completely and then pour the mixture through a fine sieve into a bottle or a jar.
Also the rosary-style Enki necklace I made the other night from lapis and oven clay, and lapis bracelets xD. I wanna remake the pendant for the rosary, so it’s two sided and better quality after I get the hang of things.
I’m feeling the Lapis. Sumerian gemstones in general. I wanna perhaps make a whole set based on the stone/metals/and loosely based on their designs… Maybe also an Ereshkigal necklace…
do you know of any people that make custom sigil tokens/charms/etc ? i want one thats pretty permanent and that i can carry with me essentially : O (i designed my own sigil but i just want like, a pretty version of it haha)
This was something I really wanted to do myself actually. But where I stand now, I don’t think I can in the near future. But I have plans…
And otherwise, no, I don’t know of any people that do that, sorry. :(
There are a crap ton of tutorials on how to make clays and stuff like that, with flour and glue and various things; you could make some yourself to make it super personal to you :3