ottoman period

after mehmed ii conquered byzantine, he declared himself the roman emperor and protector of the orthodox church (even as to his east, moscow would style itself the third rome) – “in old times, the roman empire was pagan, catholic, and orthodox. now it is muslim.

The signs as time periods

Aries: ancient Greece 

Taurus: medieval times 

Gemini: 1980s 

Cancer: socialism 

Leo: 1950s - Hollywood era 

Virgo: 19th century 

Libra: 1920s 

Scorpio: ancient Egypt 

Sagittarius: 2000s 

Capricorn: the age of Ottoman empire 

Aquarius: the future…in space 

Pisces: 1960s - Hippie movement

period drama meme : (4/5) historical figures : Hürrem Sultan

Hürrem Sultan (fully: Devletlu İsmetlu Hürrem Haseki Sultan Aliyyetü'ş-Şân Hazretleri; c. 1502 – 15 April 1558, also known as Roxelana) was the favorite consort and later the legal wife of Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent and the mother of Şehzade Mehmed, Mihrimah Sultan, Şehzade Abdullah, Sultan Selim II,Şehzade Bayezid, and Şehzade Cihangir. She was one of the most powerful and influential women in the Ottoman history and a prominent figure during the era known as the Sultanate of Women. She was “Haseki Sultan” (chief wife of the Sultan) when her husband, Suleiman I, reigned as the Ottoman sultan. She achieved power and influenced the politics of the Ottoman Empire through her husband and played an active role in state affairs of the Empire.

Hürrem not only became Suleiman’s partner in household, but also in empire affairs. With her intelligence, she acted as Suleiman’s chief advisor on matters of state, and seems to have had an influence upon foreign policy and international politics, made her one of the most powerful and influential women in Ottoman history and in the world that time, even when compared with womens who held title valide sultan. In same reason, she became controversial figure in Ottoman history for manipulating and plotting against her politic rivals.

Aside from her political concerns, Hürrem engaged in several major works of public buildings, from Mecca to Jerusalem, perhaps modeling her charitable foundations in part after the caliph Harun al-Rashid’s consort Zubaida. Among her first foundations were amosque, two Koranic schools (madrassa), a fountain, and a women’s hospital near the women’s slave market (Avret Pazary) in Constantinople. It was the first complex constructed in Istanbul by Mimar Sinan in his new position as the chief imperial architect. The fact that it was the third largest building in the capital, after the complexes of Mehmed II (Fatih) and Suleyman (Süleymanie mosque), testifies to Hurrem’s great status. She also built mosque complexes in Adrianopol and Ankara. 

She commissioned a bath, the Haseki Hürrem Sultan Hamamı, to serve the community of worshippers in the nearby Hagia Sophia. In Jerusalem she established in 1552 the Haseki Sultan Imaret, a public soup kitchen to feed the poor and the needy. This soup kitchen was said to have fed at least 500 people twice a day. She also built Imaret Haseki Hürrem, public soup kitchen in Mecca. Some of her embroidery, or at least that done under her supervision, has also survived, examples being given in 1547 to Tahmasp I, the Shah of Iran, and in 1549 to King Sigismund II Augustus.

10

Topkapi Palace was the residence for the Ottoman Sultans for the period around 400 years of their 624-year reign.This palace was not just a royal residence,but also a setting for the state occasions and royal entertainments.The palace is a large complex that contains four main and many smaller buildings alongside the Imperial Harem..Its construction began in 1459 by Mehmed II and it was originally called “The New Palace” so it could be separated from the previous residence.Bosphorus,a natural continental boundary between Europe and Asia,a connection of several seas,can be seen directly from the palace.Topkapi means “cannon gate”.It is settled in Istanbul. (requested by anonymous)

2

(modern ladies): Haseki Hürrem Sultan

Hürrem (The Joyful or The Laughing One) or Roxelana was born as Aleksandra Lisowska. From the captured slave  she soon became the favourite consort and later wife of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent; and mother of Şehzade Mehmed, Mihrimah Sultan, Şehzade Abdullah, Sultan Selim II, Şehzade Bayezid, and Şehzade Cihangir. As “Haseki Sultan” (chief wife of the Sultan), she influenced her husband’s foreign and domestic policies. Hürrem Sultan was one of the most powerful and influential women in the Ottoman history, as she succeeded to consolidated her power by wiping out rivals, and initiated a period of Ottoman history known as the “sultanate of women.”

(feat. Meryem Uzerli)

7

Ottoman architecture in Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia

A group of 84 islands in the Red Sea lying 40 km off the southern coast of Saudi Arabia,the Farasan (farazan) Islands Reserve is especially rich in seabird life. The uninhabited islands serve as breeding sites for large numbers of birds and the adjacent marine feeding grounds attract varieties. The reserve also protects the Farasan Islands Gazelle, within what may possibly be the largest population of gazelles left in Saudi Arabia. The waters surrounding the islands are equally important for marine life including dugongs, sea turtles and numerous Manta Rays.

The geographers and historians referred to the importance of the Farasan Islands. It was revealed at Wadi Matar is the biggest archaeological site on the islands where large number of circular, rectangular and other buildings were 30 x 15 m long and were probably used for official purposes. There is also a rock art site on the island and some foundations of the buildings of the Ottoman period such as a big watchtower called Al- Awadi.

The antiquities of the Farasan islands vary in date between the first millennium B. C. and the Ottoman period.

by Eric Lafforgue

Ottoman period 1841 calligrapher(hattat) es Seyyid el Hac Mustafa İzzet (Kazasker Mustafa İzzet)

Sultanahmet, islam sanatları müzesinde çekildi.. -glysunflower