Seven months extra work, 64% of the pay.

Today, July 28, marks how far into 2015 black women must work to earn as much as white men did in 2014. 

That’s an extra 208 days of hard work. Outraged? Us, too. 

Learn more, including how you can take action at fightforfairpay.org.


16 July 1557: Anne of Cleves, fourth wife of Henry VIII, dies at the age of forty-two.

It was in Chelsea that Anna fell ill in the spring of 1557 and here that she spent the months of her decline. She died on 16 July 1557. Anna, the daughter of Cleves, was in her forty-second year. She did not live to see the accession of King Henry’s last child, Elizabeth, the girl whom she had once petted, on 17 November 1558. Given the lingering course of the Lady Anna’s illness, cancer seems a likely cause of her death. But no particular explanation was felt to be needed for the decease of a woman of her age. She had indeed exceeded the life expectancy of her sex, so often laid low by the peril she never had a chance to endure: child-bearing. Anna of Cleves had also outlived Henry VIII, the man to whom she had been ‘married’ for six months, by ten years.

The last will and testament of Anne of Cleves dating from shortly before her death justified the reputation granted to her as ‘a good housekeeper and very bountiful to servants’… The Privy Council issued orders for the funeral which was intended to pay suitable tribute to the anomalous but nevertheless distinguished position she occupied. The funeral took place on 4 August, the body being brought by water from Chelsea to Charing Cross the night before and the carried to Westminster Abbey.

- Antonia Fraser, The Wives of Henry VIII

Today is Emmett Till's 74th birthday.

Today is Emmett Till’s 74th birthday.

A young boy from Chicago, Till was killed by white men during a visit to his great-uncle Moses Wright’s house in Money, Miss. While the precise details of Till’s actions remain unclear, he was perceived to have offended a white woman, and thus crossed the racial boundaries of 1955 Mississippi. His mother, Mamie Till Mobley, had her son laid out in the glass-topped casket so the world could see “what they did to my boy.” He was buried in Burr Oak Cemetery in suburban Chicago. The body was exhumed for an autopsy in 2005 during another criminal investigation into his murder, and Till was reburied in another coffin.

Till’s murder and the images of his body, first published in Jet magazine and carried around the world by the news media, are considered by historians to be the beginning of the civil rights movement in America.

“We are both honored and humbled that the Till family has entrusted this sacred object to the museum for preservation and safekeeping,” said Lonnie G. Bunch III, director of the museum. “The death of Emmett Till shocked the conscience of the world and fueled the civil rights movement. It is our duty to ensure that this iconic artifact is preserved so that we will never forget.“

Learn more about how we will honor Till’s legacy: bit.ly/1gbsu6I

Compiled by Lanae S., Social Media Specialist, Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.


12 July 1543: Henry VIII marries his sixth and final wife, Catherine Parr.

On 12 July 1543, in an upper oratory called “the Queen’s Privy closet” within the honor of Hampton Court, Westminster diocese, in presence of the noble and gentle persons named at the foot of this instrument and of me, Richard Watkins, the King’s prothonotary, the King and Lady Katharine Latimer alias Parr being met there for the purpose of solemnising matrimony between them, Stephen Bishop of Winchester proclaimed in English (speech given in Latin) that they were met to join in marriage the said King and Lady Katharine, and if anyone knew any impediment thereto he should declare it. The licence for the marriage without publication of banns, sealed by Thomas Archbishop of Canterbury and dated 10 July 1543, being then brought in, and none opposing but all applauding the marriage, the said Bishop of Winchester put the questions (recited) to which the King replied “Yea” and the lady Katharine also replied that it was her wish; and then the King taking her right hand, repeated after the Bishop the words, “I, Henry, take thee, Katharine, to my wedded wife, to have and to hold from this day forward, for better for worse, for richer for poorer, in sickness and in health, till death us depart, and thereto I plight thee my troth.” Then, releasing and again clasping hands, the lady Katharine likewise said “I, Katharine, take thee Henry to my wedded husband, to have and to hold from this day forward, for better for worse, for richer for poorer, in sickness and in health, to be bonny and buxom in bed and at board, till death us depart, and thereto I plight unto thee my troth.” The putting on of the wedding ring and proffer of gold and silver (described) followed; and the Bishop, after prayer, pronounced a benediction. The King then commanded the prothonotary to make a public instrument of the premises.

Sarah Emma Edmonds, Civil War Spy
Though she was Canadian, Sarah Emma Edmonds fought for the Union during the Civil War. She adopted the name Franklin Thompson while traveling. Disguised as a man, she enlisted and began a career as a nurse, courier and spy (if you believe her memoir).

On this day in 1861: The First Battle of Bull Run, aka Manassas. We talk about it in this podcast on Sarah Emma Edmonds.