orky ii

by Robin Morton from “In the Company of Whales” by Alexandra Morton

Every morning, Orky II and Corky II had a ritual of performing a behavior in synchrony. The two of them would spend days perfecting this spontaneous behavior. Once they had managed to get it down to perfect synchrony, they moved on to a new behavior. It was Alexandra Morton’s observation of this ritual that scientists began realizing the importance of synchrony to Orcinus orca.

Ever since 1966, there has been at least one orca death in captivity per year.

1961:
• Wanda (Marineland of the Pacific)

1964:
• Moby Doll (Vancouver Aquarium)

1966:
• Namu (Seattle Marine Aquarium)

1967:
• Katy (Seattle Marine Aquarium)

1968:
• Kianu’s calf, Bonnie, Bonnie’s calf (Marineworld Africa USA)
• Tula (Dolfinarium Harderwijk)
• Lupa (New York Aquarium)
• Natsidalia (Pender Harbor, BC)

1969:
• No name (Seattle Marine Aquarium)
• Orky (Marineland of the Pacific)

1970:
• Calypso (Marineland Antibes)
• No name (Seattle Marine Aquarium)
• Corky (Marineland of the Pacific)
• Ramu II (Marineland Australia)
• Scarredjaw Cow (Pedder Bay, British Columbia)

1971:
• Shamu, Kandu (SeaWorld San Diego)
• No name, no name (Seattle Marine Aquarium)
• Patches (Marineland of the Pacific)
• Ramu IV (Marineland Australia)
• Lil Nootka (Sea Arama Texas)
• Wally (München Aquarium, Germany)

1972:
• Zero (Kamogawa SeaWorld)
• Kenny (Marineland of the Pacific)
• Chimo (Sealand of the Pacific)

1973:
• Kandy (Marineland Canada)
• Klovis (Marineland Antibes)

1974:
• Frankie (SeaWorld San Diego)
• Canuck (SeaWorld Orlando)
• Jumbo, Chappy (Kamogawa SeaWorld)
• Nootka II (Sealand of the Pacific)
• Mamuk (Sea Arama Texas)
• Cuddles (Dudley Zoo)
• Ahab (US Navy, Hawaii)

1975:
• Kandu III (SeaWorld San Diego)
• Kona III (SeaWorld Orlando)

1976:
• Nootka III (Sealand of the Pacific)

1977:
• Kona (SeaWorld San Diego)
• Sandy (SeaWorld Orlando)
• Corky II’s calf (Marineland of the Pacific)
• Magnus (Dolfinarium Harderwijk)

1978:
• Kilroy (SeaWorld San Diego)
• Spooky (Marineland of the Pacific)
• Taiji (Taiji Whale Museum)

1979:
• Shawn (SeaWorld San Diego)
• Kandu II (Marineland Canada)
• Surfer Girl (Marineworld Africa USA)
• No name, No name, No name, No name’s calf, No name’s calf (Nanki Shirahama Adventure World)
• Chi (Taiji Whale Museum)
• No name, No name (Saedyrasafnid Aquarium, Iceland)

1980:
• No name (Marineland Canada)
• Hugo (Miami Seaquarium)
• Skana (Vancouver Aquarium)
• Corky II’s calf (Marineworld of the Pacific)
• Nepo (Marineworld Africa USA)
• Kianu (Nanki Shirahama Adventure World)

1981:
• Canuck II (SeaWorld San Diego)
• No name (Marineland Canada)
• No name (Clacton Pier, UK)

1982:
• Ramu (SeaWorld Orlando)
• Kim (Marineland Antibes)
• Kiva (Marineland of the Pacific)
• Haida, Miracle (Sealand of the Pacific)
• No name, Tai (Taiji Whale Museum)
• Sacchi’s calf (Enoshima Aquarium, Japan)

1983:
• King (Kamogawa SeaWorld)
• No name (Sealand of the Pacific)
• Benkei (Nanki Shirahama Adventure World)
• Neptune (Clacton Pier, UK)
• Dzul-Ha (Aquarama on Parade, Mexico)
• Benkei III (Private residence, Japan)

1984:
• Sacchi (Enoshima Aquarium, Japan)

1985:
• Corky II’s calf (Marineland of the Pacific)
• No name (Saedyrasafnid Aquarium, Iceland)

1986:
• Winston, Baby Shamu II (SeaWorld San Diego)
• Corky II miscarriage (Marineland of the Pacific)
• Nemo (Windsor Safari Park)
• No name (Japanese Fishermen Group)

1987:
• Kona II (SeaWorld Orlando)
• Betty (Marineland Antibes)
• Patty, Caren (Kamogawa SeaWorld)

1988:
• Orky II (SeaWorld San Diego)
• Bjossa’s calf (Vancouver Aquarium)
• Shachi (Izu-Mito Sea Paradise)
• Nandú (Acuarama São Paulo)

1989:
• Kandu V (SeaWorld San Diego)
• Benkei II (Nanki Shirahama Adventure World)

1990:
• Knootka (SeaWorld San Diego)
• Kanduke (SeaWorld Orlando)

1991:
• Kenau (SeaWorld Orlando)
• Kahana (SeaWorld San Antonio)
• Freya’s calf (Marineland Antibes)
• Milagro (Mundo Marino)
• Hyak II (Vancouver Aquarium)
• Bubba/Prince (Ocean Park, Hong Kong)

1992:
• Samoa (SeaWorld San Antonio)
• Kiska’s calf (Marineland Canada)
• Kshamenk’s father (Mundo Marino)
• K'yosha (Vancouver Aquarium)
• Nootka IV’s calf (Sealand of the Pacific)

1993:
• Freya’s calf (Marineland Antibes)

1994:
• Nootka IV (SeaWorld Orlando)
• Haida II’s calf (SeaWorld San Antonio)
• Junior (Marineland Canada)

1995:
• Kotar (SeaWorld San Antonio)
• Maggie’s calf (Kamogawa SeaWorld)
• Bjossa’s calf (Vancouver Aquarium)
• Ai (Nanki Shirahama Adventure World)

1996:
• Nyar, Gudrun (SeaWorld Orlando)

1997:
• Maggie, Maggie’s calf (Kamogawa SeaWorld)
• Finna (Vancouver Aquarium)
• Yaka (Marineworld Africa USA)
• No name miscarriage, No name, No name (Nanki Shirahama Adventure World)
• Hoi-Wai/Suzie Wong (Ocean Park, Hong Kong)

1998:
• Nootka V’s calf, Kanuck (Marineland Canada)
• Belén’s calf (Mundo Marino)

1999:
• Katerina (SeaWorld San Antonio)

2000:
• Malik (Marineland Canada)
• Belén, Belén’s calf (Mundo Marino)
• Vigga (Six Flags)
• Ruka (Nanki Shirahama Adventure World)
• Tanouk (Izu-Mito Sea Paradise)

2001:
• Bjossa (SeaWorld San Diego)
• Haida II (SeaWorld San Antonio)
• Nova (Marineland Canada)
• Freya’s calf (Marineland Antibes)

2002:
• Winnie (SeaWorld San Antonio)
• Algonquin (Marineland Canada)

2003:
• Freya’s calf (Marineland Antibes)
• No name (Utrish Dolphinarium, Russia)

2004:
• Hudson, Neocia, April, Nootka V miscarriage, Neocia miscarriage (Marineland Canada)
• Kyu, Ran, Ran’s calf (Nanki Shirahama Adventure World)

2005:
• Splash (SeaWorld San Diego)
• Kandu VII (Marineland Canada)
• Kim II (Marineland Antibes)
• Goro (Nanki Shirahama Adventure World)

2006:
• Unna stillbirth (SeaWorld San Antonio)
• Nootka V miscarriage (Marineland Canada)
• Sarah, No name (Kamogawa SeaWorld)

2007:
• Taku (SeaWorld San Antonio)
• Asuka (Izu-Mito Sea Paradise)
• Pascuala (Vallarta Dolphin Adventure, Mexico)

2008:
• Halyn (SeaWorld San Antonio)
• Nootka V (Marineland Canada)
• Ku (Port of Nagoya Aquarium)

2009:
• Athena (Marineland Canada)
• Sharkan (Marineland Antibes)

2010:
• Sumar (SeaWorld San Diego)
• Taima, Kalina (SeaWorld Orlando)

2011:
• Nami (Port of Nagoya Aquarium)

2012:
• Oscar (Kamogawa SeaWorld)

2013:
• Victoria (Loro Parque)

2014:
? - Seeing how the trends have gone, I am constantly worrying about who it will be this year.