origin: ancient greek

ἣ δ᾽ ἔτεκ᾽ ἄλλο πέλωρον ἀμήχανον, οὐδὲν ἐοικὸς
θνητοῖς ἀνθρώποις οὐδ᾽ ἀθανάτοισι θεοῖσιν,
σπῆι ἔνι γλαφυρῷ θείην κρατερόφρον᾽ Ἔχιδναν,
ἥμισυ μὲν νύμφην ἑλικώπιδα καλλιπάρῃον,
ἥμισυ δ᾽ αὖτε πέλωρον ὄφιν δεινόν τε μέγαν τε
αἰόλον ὠμηστὴν ζαθέης ὑπὸ κεύθεσι γαίης.
-
Then she gave birth to another inconceivable monster, unlike
Mortal humans or immortal gods,
In a hollow cave: divine, dauntless Echidna,
Half a lively-eyed, lovely-cheeked nymph,
But half again a monstrous serpent, terrible and great,
A glittering flesh-eater in the depths of the sacred earth.
—  Hesiod, Theogony 295-300.

relict-hominid  asked:

re: chromophobia... of course these chromophobes idolized a Greek/Roman past full of cool white marble.... which we've since discovered was actually a gaudily painted riot of color!

OMG!!! I FORGET PEOPLE DON’T KNOW THIS!

Yes, all those aloof, “pure” white statues from Ancient Greece?

They actually looked like this:

Vinzenz Brinkmann, much to the apparent chagrin of Westerners everywhere, used ultraviolet light to reveal the original paint schemes of these statues that the millennia had washed away.

And to underscore the Chromophobia?

Check out this graphic that i09 made for their leading image for this story:

You can check out a video here to learn more about the methods used to discover the original paint schemes of these statues and reliefs.

μητέρα μοι πάντων τε θεῶν πάντων τ᾽ ἀνθρώπων
ὕμνει, Μοῦσα λίγεια, Διὸς θυγάτηρ μεγάλοιο,
ᾗ κροτάλων τυπάνων τ᾽ ἰαχὴ σύν τε βρόμος αὐλῶν
εὔαδεν ἠδὲ λύκων κλαγγὴ χαροπῶν τε λεόντων
οὔρεά τ᾽ ἠχήεντα καὶ ὑλήεντες ἔναυλοι.
καὶ σὺ μὲν οὕτω χαῖρε θεαί θ᾽ ἅμα πᾶσαι ἀοιδῇ.
-
Please sing, clear-voiced Muse, daughter of mighty Zeus,
of the mother of all gods and all mortals,
to whom the cry of castanets and drums, the roar of pipes
is delightful, the howling of wolves and fierce lions,
echoing slopes and woodland haunts.
May you and all goddesses rejoice in this song.
—  Homeric Hymn to the Mother of the Gods
Ancient Greek: Different Names for the Same Thing (Part 1)

With many languages, you come across words with very similar meanings to one another. The more words relating to a concept there are, the more important the concept is to those speaking them.

These are examples of those kinds of words:

Beauty

  • aglaia (ἀγλαΐα) splendor, beauty, adornment
  • kallos (κάλλος) beauty
  • kallone (καλλονή) beauty *(a rarer form of kallos)
  • autokallone (αὐτοκαλλονή) ideal beauty, absolute beauty
  • eumorphia (εὐμορφία) beauty of form, symmetry
  • euchareia (εὐχάρεια) grace, charm, beauty

Evil

  • kaka (κακά) evil things, bad things, shameful things
  • kake (κάκη) wickedness, evil, vice
  • ateria (ἀτηρία) mischief, evil
  • aisylos (αἴσυλος) unseemly, evil, godless
  • moktheria (μοχθηρία) wickedness, depravity, evil
  • poneria (πονηρία) vice, knavery, evil

Song

  • hasis (ᾆσις) singing, a song
  • hasma (ᾆσμα) a song, lyric ode, hymn
  • aoide (ἀοιδή) song, the art of song, the theme of a song, a spell
  • elegos (ἔλεγος) a song, melody, lament
  • melisma (μέλισμα) a song, melody
  • mousa (μοῦσα) song, music, eloquence
  • hymnos (ὕμνος) a hymn, ode, song in praise
  • ode (ᾠδή) a song, ode, song of praise, spell
  • eumolpia (εὐμολπία) a sweet song
  • philymnos (φίλυμνος) a loving song

Death

  • thanatos (θάνατος) death; or the god, Death
  • lipopnoe (λιποπνόη) death
  • moros (μόρος) fate, destiny; doom, death
  • potmos (πότμος) destiny, lot, death
  • diaphthora (διαφθορά) destruction, ruin, blight, death
  • kataphthora (καταφθορά) destruction, ruin, death
  • olethros (ὄλεθρος) destruction, death, plague
εἰμὶ δ᾽ ἐγὼ θεράπων μὲν Ἐνυαλίοιο ἄνακτος
καὶ Μουσέων ἐρατὸν δῶρον ἐπιστάμενος.
— 

Ἀρχίλοχος (Archilochus, an Ancient Greek lyric poet) 

“And I am indeed a servant of lord Enyalius / and skilled in the lovely gift of the Muses." 

εὐδαίμονες οἷσι κακῶν ἄγευστος αἰών.
οἷς γὰρ ἂν σεισθῇ θεόθεν δόμος, ἄτας
οὐδὲν ἐλλείπει γενεᾶς ἐπὶ πλῆθος ἕρπον:
ὅμοιον ὥστε ποντίαις οἶδμα δυσπνόοις ὅταν
Θρῄσσαισιν ἔρεβος ὕφαλον ἐπιδράμῃ πνοαῖς,
κυλίνδει βυσσόθεν κελαινὰν θῖνα καὶ
δυσάνεμοι, στόνῳ βρέμουσι δ᾽ ἀντιπλῆγες ἀκταί.
-
Happy are those whose life has tasted no evil.
For those whose house is god-wracked,
no ruin is left out, creeping over the multitude of descendents,
just like a wave when it runs over the deep sea shadow
with ill-blowing Thracian sea winds,
rolls black silt from the depths and
the wind-stricken, sea-lashed headlands thunder with groaning.
—  Sophocles, Antigone 585-91
ATHENS GETS HORNY

WANT A SERIOUSLY FUCKING INTELLECTUAL GREEK PLAY ABOUT PEACE? SURE. HAVE SOME FUCKING LYSISTRATA, ONE OF THAT FUCKER ARISTOPHANES’ GEMS.

LYSISTRATA IS A BADASS ATHENIAN LADY WHO IS REALLY FUCKING BORED WITH THIS NASTY-ASS WAR ATHENS ARE HAVING WITH SPARTA. SO SHE DOES THE MOST LOGICAL THING - PERSUADES ALL HER FRIENDS NOT TO FUCK THEIR HUSBANDS. NO SEX. NONE AT ALL (NOT EVEN THE “LIONESS ON THE CHEESE-GRATER” POSITION. ARISTOPHANES, WHAT THE FUCK?). SHE TELLS HER STEREO-TYPICALLY SPARTAN FRIEND LAMPITO TO FUCK OFF BACK TO SPARTA AND MAKE THE SAME DEAL THERE. 

SOON THE OLD GRANDMAS HAVE CAPTURED THE FUCKING ACROPOLIS, WHERE ALL THE MONEY IS, SO THE MEN CAN’T FUND THE WAR ANYMORE. A BUNCH OF OLD MEN  ARRIVE TO BURN THE FUCKING GATES DOWN, BUT THE OLD WOMEN HAVE BIG POTS OF WATER. INNUENDO ENSUES.

A MAGISTRATE ARRIVES AND BITCHES ABOUT WOMEN, BUT HE AND HIS GANG ARE BEATEN OFF BY MORE OF LYSISTRATA’S HOME-GIRLS CARRYING RANDOM HOUSEHOLD OBJECTS. LYSISTRATA HAS A MASSIVE RANT TO THE MAGISTRATE ABOUT HOW WOMEN ARE JUST AS GOOD AS MEN AT GETTING SHIT DONE. THE GIRLS THEN DRESS THE MAGISTRATE UP AS A READY-TO-BAKE CORPSE AND LET HIM FUCK OFF.

THE WOMEN ARE ALL SUPER HORNY AND BEGGING FOR SEX. IT’S BEEN LIKE A WHOLE MORNING OR SOMETHING, CALM THE FUCK DOWN LADIES. LYSISTRATA TELLS THEM THAT AND THEY SHUT UP.

SOME MAN, KINESIAS (HIS NAME PRETTY MUCH MEANS “FUCKER”) , SHOWS UP, WANTING SEX WITH HIS WIFE, MYRRINHE (“PUSSY”). SHE AGREES BUT JUST TEASES THE FUCKER BY INSISTING SHE NEEDS A LONG LIST OF SOFT FURNISHINGS FIRST. THEN SHE FUCKS OFF.

FINALLY SOME HERALD FUCKER FROM SPARTA SHOWS UP WITH A MASSIVE BONER. HE WANTS PEACE (AND SEX). HE MEETS THE MAGISTRATE, WHO HAS AN EQUALLY LARGE BONER. 

THEY MAKE PEACE BECAUSE THE MEN ARE SO BUSY LOOKING AT SOME RANDOM SEXY LADY, “RECONCILIATION” WHO HAS JUST APPEARED. LYSISTRATA BITCHES ABOUT THE PATRIARCHY. FINALLY EVERYONE GETS FUCKING HAMMERED AND PRESUMABLY THEY HAVE A MASSIVE GANG-BANG.

*NODS INTELLECTUALLY*

Ποτέ δεν πρέπει να ελπίζεις,όταν διαπράξεις κάτι κακό,οτι θα αποφύγεις τη τιμωρία.Γιατί,κι αν ακόμη οι άλλοι δεν το αντιληφθούν,η συνείδηση σου θα σε καταδιώξει

“Okay, but, uhm, in what way is Ancient Greek still useful? It’s a dead, dull language.”

UHm, EXCUSE ME, dogfly, I am very sorry, you dog faced pimp, but you can’t deny their insults were the best, you bloated drunk with a dog’s eyes and a rabbit’s heart. ’Don’t vex me, bitch, or i may let go of you and hate you as extravagantly as i love you now’, as Aphrodite already told you.

ἀστέρες μέν ἁμφί κάλαν σελάνναν
ἃψ ἁπθκρύπτοισι φάεννον εἳδος
ὄπποτα πλήθοισα μάλιστα λάμπη
 γᾶν [

 ἀργυρία

stars around the beautiful moon
hide back their luminous forms
whenever all full she shines
 on the earth

 silvery

Sappho frag. 34 Voigt, trans. Carson