or you make this face when people argue politics or religion

I’ve been grappling with how to challenge cynicism in a moment that requires all of us to show up differently.

On Saturday, I joined more than a million women in Washington, D.C., to register my opposition to the new regime. Participating in the Women’s March — if you count satellite protests around the country, the largest one-day mobilization in the history of the United States — was both symbolic and challenging.

Like many other black women, I was conflicted about participating. That a group of white women had drawn clear inspiration from the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, yet failed to acknowledge the historical precedent, rubbed me the wrong way. Here they go again, I thought, adopting the work of black people while erasing us.

I’d had enough before it even began. 53% of white women who voted in the 2016 presidential election did so for a man who aims to move society backward. Were white women now having buyer’s remorse? Where were all of these white people while our people are being killed in the streets, jobless, homeless, over incarcerated, under educated? Are you committed to freedom for everyone, or just yourselves?

For weeks, I sat on the sidelines. I saw debates on list-serves about whether or not to attend the march, the shade on social media directed at the “white women’s march.” Unconvinced that white women would ever fight for the rights of all of us, many decided to sit the march out.

Yet as time went on and the reality of the incoming Donald Trump administration sank in, something began to gnaw at me. Do I believe that a mass movement is necessary to transform power in this country? Do I believe that this mass movement must be multi-racial and multi-class? Do I believe that to build that mass movement, organizing beyond the choir is necessary? If I believe all of these things, how do we get there and what’s my role in making it happen?

I decided to challenge myself to be a part of something that isn’t perfect, that doesn’t articulate my values the way that I do and still show up, clear in my commitment, open and vulnerable to people who are new in their activism. I can be critical of white women and, at the same time, seek out and join with women, white and of color, who are awakening to the fact that all lives do not, in fact, matter, without compromising my dignity, my safety and radical politics.

In the end, I joined an estimated 1 million people who participated in the Washington, D.C. march and the estimated 3 million who marched around the world. I have participated in hundreds of demonstrations, but this was one of the first times where I didn’t know or know of most of the people there.

Sandwiched between other protesters like a sardine in a can, I spoke with demonstrators in the crowd who said this was their first time participating in a mass mobilization. I saw people for whom this wasn’t their first time at a demonstration, but who thought that the days of protesting for our rights was over. I asked them what brought them there. They said they wanted to stand up for all of us. They realized that they, too, were under attack. They wanted to live in a world where everyone was valued, safe and taken care of. They were in awe of just how many people were there, just like them, to oppose the values of President Donald Trump’s administration. They wanted to do something besides feel hopeless.

That evening, I participated in a town hall meeting that drew more than 700 people and had more than 1,100 on the waiting list. Those gathered were mostly white, though there were also people of color present. About half the room said that the Women’s March was the first time they’d participated in a mass mobilization. They were willing to learn about how change happens and how they could be involved. And that was just the beginning.

Checking my social media feed that evening, I read comment after comment dismissing the march — an experience that was transformative for hundreds of thousands of people. I wondered what would have happened if, instead of inviting people in, I’d told people to fuck off and go home. Would they come back? Did it matter if they didn’t?

Anger has an important place in transforming our political consciousness, and should be valued as such. The white lady with the pink, knitted “pussy” hat that came to the march was angry as hell when her future president talked about grabbing women by the pussy. Though she may have been sitting on the sidelines up until now, she decided that she was going to do something about it. Anger at the way America depends on immigrant labor yet forces undocumented immigrants to live in the shadows may lead them to join the movement. Black Americans mad as hell about the ways that this country strips us of our humanity might join the movement, even though they didn’t before.

I agree with Solange when she says, “I got a lot to be mad about, and I have a right to be mad.” But that anger is not enough. It is insufficient to build or take power. Anger will not change the fact that Republicans have taken control of all three branches of government and control both chambers of the legislature in 32 states. Anger will not stop vigilantes from terrorizing our communities, and anger will not change an economy that deems too many of us as disposable.

More than a moral question, it is a practical one. Can we build a movement of millions with the people who may not grasp our black, queer, feminist, intersectional, anti-capitalist, anti-imperialist ideology but know that we deserve a better life and who are willing to fight for it and win?

If there was ever a time to activate our organizer super powers, this is it. I’m not going to argue that black people or other people of color need to stop holding white people accountable. White people are not going anywhere, but neither are we if we don’t start to think and do differently.

Hundreds of thousands of people are trying to figure out what it means to join a movement. If we demonstrate that to be a part of a movement, you must believe that people cannot change, that transformation is not possible, that it’s more important to be right than to be connected and interdependent, we will not win.

If our movement is not serious about building power, then we are just engaged in a futile exercise of who can be the most radical.

This is a moment for all of us to remember who we were when we stepped into the movement — to remember the organizers who were patient with us, who disagreed with us and yet stayed connected, who smiled knowingly when our self-righteousness consumed us.

I remember who I was before I gave my life to the movement. Someone was patient with me. Someone saw that I had something to contribute. Someone stuck with me. Someone did the work to increase my commitment. Someone taught me how to be accountable. Someone opened my eyes to the root causes of the problems we face. Someone pushed me to call forward my vision for the future. Someone trained me to bring other people who are looking for a movement into one.

No one is safe from the transition this country is undergoing. While many of us have faced hate, ignorance and greed in our daily lives, the period that we have entered is unlike anything that any of us has ever seen before.

We can build a movement in the millions, across difference. We will need to build a movement across divides of class, race, gender, age, documentation, religion and disability. Building a movement requires reaching out beyond the people who agree with you. Simply said, we need each other, and we need leadership and strategy.

We can tell people a hundred times over that because they haven’t been here, they have no right to be here now. But I promise that the only place that will get us is nowhere.

— Alicia Garza, co-founder of #BlackLivesMatter. Our cynicism will not build a movement. Collaboration will.

follow @the-movemnt

Enjoy the Silence - Request

Requested by @deathbyapril:  Could you do one where the reader is mute so sherlock keeps her around because she never answers back, only listens. He ends up falling in love with her and vise versa.

Pairing: Sherlock x mute!reader

Word count: 2,689

Warnings: Un-edited.

A/N: I’m so sleepy, but I wanted to do this so badly… 


Originally posted by whenisayrunrun

Sherlock Holmes, the punch-line man. He talked, and talked, and talked, and God have mercy on whoever dared to answer back – especially to the ones who argued against his statements – because Sherlock would not only destroy them, but also make sure to make it as humiliating as possible.

That was exactly why Watson had meticulously searched for the right assistant. She had to be smart, but also someone who could stay quiet all the time. She had to keep up with him, and also someone who didn’t flinch with the strange things Sherlock kept at the flat.

At first it had been a tedious task. Every single person he had interviewed had details that would make Sherlock cringe. Some of them were smart, but also chatty as a radio host. Some others were quiet, but they weren’t as smart as needed. There would be people who would be smart and quiet, but when John asked them to open the refrigerator and met the several limbs Sherlock kept there… Well, good things didn’t happen.

John was about to give up, thinking of ways of apologizing to Mary for he would have to continue working with Sherlock because no one would fit the profile. But then (Y/N) appeared.

She handed John her curriculum, which was perfectly done and emphasized the many traits Sherlock admired on a person. John tried to convince himself not to illusion himself so soon, but then she limited herself to nodding and/or shaking her head when replying to John’s questions. And when he sent her to open the refrigerator, his heart fluttered when she simply tilted her head to analyse the items there before breathing out a chuckle.

“You’re hired.” John had said seconds after, and that was how she ended up working with the world’s only consultant detective.

Keep reading

Islam apologists, you only have yourselves to blame

I know that nothing in politics is simple enough to be condensed down to a single issue but as close as this last election was, there’s a number of factors that helped swing the election in favor of Trump. One of them was his no nonsense approach to Islam. For years Muslim moderates, liberals and anti-extremists have been writing, lecturing and studying how to effectively reform Islam, deradicalize its followers and make it more compatible with the 21st century. Recognizing the distinction between people and ideas, these reformers promote tolerance and peace towards Muslims but unapologetically critique the ideas held in the Quran. This approach represents the very essence of American values - treat all individuals equally but scrutinize all ideas rigorously with critical thinking and rationality.

But at every turn, the reformers have been attacked, not just receiving threats from Muslims but by other liberals. Sam Harris was called an Islamophobe for criticizing the bad ideas held in the Quran. Maajid Nawaz, a Muslim of Pakistani origin and Ayaan Hirsi Ali, an ex-muslim from Somalia are still being labeled anti-Muslim extremists by the SPLC because they talk about reforming Islam. Only two days ago Ali had to cancel her trip to Australia as she received death threats. Death threats for speaking about Islam. Dr. Bill Warner, an Islamic scholar who has studied the Quran for over 30 years, was told by the president of a Florida college that he should be censored and never be allowed to speak because he was critical of Islam. When did it become standard practice for universities to support the censorship of ideas? Ali Rizvi, Wafa Sultan, Sarah Haider and other critics of Islam have all faced the same explosive reactions from leftists, the defenders of Islam, who don’t have the slightest clue what they’re defending. Merely scrutinizing an ideology is treated as social barbarism by those unable to draw the distinction between criticism of an ideology and contempt for its practitioners. Ironically, those actually living under oppressive Islamic regimes are often grateful for the secular voices speaking out on their behalf because with Islamic blasphemy and apostasy laws they have no voice.

The left loves to assure us that terror has nothing to do with Islam yet these terror groups are only following and copying what’s in the Quran and Hadith. It’s why we have the term “moderate Muslims” as they aren’t following their Quran, many Muslims have never even read it, they don’t adhere to the fundamentals of Islam as ISIS does. When you really start getting into the meat of the Quran and Hadith, there are doctrines that pose staunch opposition with classical liberal values. It’s easy to say the critics are taking the Quran out of context but there are hundreds of Islamic scholars and clerics all studying the context and none of them can agree on one interpretation. That’s why Dr. Shabir Ally can talk about the fair nature of Islam while Abu Bakr al-Baghdadithe, who also has a PhD in Islamic studies is running a campaign of hate and terror in the name of Allah. They get their fundamentals directly from the Quran and the Hadith. There isn’t a moderate version and a terror version, it comes from the same book. The same verses can and are interpreted in different ways by different sects but the fact that it’s full of bloodshed, hatred towards infidels, beheadings and mutilation, they leave the door wide open to such easy interpretation.

Many educated Muslim apologists arguing for the peaceful nature of Islam often avoid the Hadith, avoid violent verses from the Quran, and jump through hoops to try to interpret “beat them,” “slay them,” or “If somebody (a Muslim) discards his religion, kill him” in a peaceful way. But how on earth do they expect a billion Muslims - many in highly illiterate regions - to all interpret them as anything other than literal? Their violence and views come directly from the Quran and the Hadith, and for this reason alone these texts are imperfect and subsequently, so is Islam. The Quran is full of contradictions, granting Islam a tremendous amount of power because it can claim to be a religion of peace while simultaneously advocating jihad. People often say things like Islam was the first to give women their rights but Muslims are given the right to rape infidel women, permitted to rape and beat their wives and take part in polygamy. Muhammad himself at the age of 53 married and had sex with a 9 year old girl.

In Saudi Arabia, one of the most devout Muslim nations and home of Islam’s most holy site requires women have chaperones at all times, forbids them to drive, forces them to cover from head to toe and whipping and stoning women for being raped or holding hands with another female. Muslim women are denied education and within many Muslim countries only a quarter of the women are literate. In many Muslim nations they give women half a testimony in court, they aren’t allowed to speak or defend themselves in court without a male relative to speak for them and they’re often beaten or killed if they stray from any of these laws. God forbid if she has a bacon cheeseburger, wants to wear a t-shirt in summer or have a one-night stand. Even in the more “moderate” Muslim countries such as Turkey, their public swimming pools have great imposing dividing walls to keep women out of sight. Women aren’t even allowed to pray with the men, they are sent to the back or into another room. And god help her if she wants out of Islam. In some Muslim countries there are laws in place that condemn apostate with a death sentence while the rest have some other form of punishment for apostasy. They all at the very least have blasphemy laws that requires punishment of anyone who criticizes Islam or Muhammad. So much for freedom and women’s rights… The worst part is, Canada has recently voted for this exact Sharia law to be introduced into the country.

Apologists claim that the radical views and actions of many Muslims don’t represent Islam and they are using a peaceful religion for their extremism but religious extremism is not a problem if your core beliefs are non-violent. The problem isn’t fundamentalism. The only problem with Islamic fundamentalism is the fundamentals of Islam. These “radical views” which the left disassociates with Islam are really the most authentic display of Islam. It’s why 50 Muslim countries ban LGBT groups, 10 Muslim countries can legally kill gay people and many more legally whip and imprison gays, 16 Muslim countries ban all Jewish people from entering - how can they say it’s only a tiny fraction of Muslims who hold these extreme views when we are talking about entire Islamic countries following none other than Islamic law? We cannot be silent on this issue. We cannot let fear blind us or lose our compassion but we need to be discussing ways to promote assimilation and secular Western values.

Unfortunately the second we start to have this conversation, the Islamophobia card gets pulled out by privileged, blue haired buffoons who have never had their clitoris sliced off, have never had acid thrown on their face and have never been forced into arranged marriages against their will as those who they are calling Islamophobic have. Their idea of oppression is not being given free tampons from the government. They fail to distinguish the difference between anti-Muslim and anti-Islam so anyone who questions Islam must automatically make them Islamophobics who hate all Muslims. Phobia means an irrational fear and there is nothing irrational about approaching Islam with calculated caution but if you question it you are called a racist. Islam is not a race. It is a belief and a way of life that people of many different races choose whether or not to follow. It is an idea and if we can’t criticize an idea, then free speech is truly dead. All ideas should be questioned, no belief should be able to go unquestioned. If a belief is true then it will hold up to scrutiny and if it doesn’t then why try to hide it? There are thousands being killed and millions suffering worldwide in the name of a religion and yet some people are still concerned that we shouldn’t challenge a belief system for fear of offending? If terror attacks shake the beliefs of Muslims worldwide as much as they say they do and then it should lead them to question the violent nature at the core of their ideology and embrace an overhaul and begin to hold Islam to the same standard we demand and expect from other religions.

The fact is a lot of Americans are afraid because they don’t understand what’s going on, they know there’s a problem and they want to solve it in a kind and compassionate way but sadly the voices of reason, those that may be able to provide an actual viable solution are squashed. We should be having calm and rational conversation and debating how Islam needs to reform itself to be compatible with classical liberal values in the 21st century. Instead the conversation is constantly being hijacked by the apologetic, irrational left with character assassinating slurs which has silenced many great minds on the issue. Rather than having a progressive conversation about Islam, most politicians keep silent or make excuses for it, allowing someone like Trump to step in because he’s the only one that has ever addressed it. It’s why we have to put aside the septic PC gag and talk about this rationally because by silencing the intellectuals, the Muslims calling for reform and the anti-extremists, liberals on the left have handed a platform to Trump on a silver platter. The left only have themselves to blame for the rise of the Trump to presidency. Islam is guilty and the more you try to convince us it’s peaceful, the more we will prove to you that it isn’t. We must speak out and Islam must be criticized without relent for dogma, inequality, unwarranted violence and sexism have no place in the evolution and future of mankind.

{Special} College!AU Jinyoung
  • major: ethics 
  • minor: public policy & administration 
  • clubs: he participates in a lot of demonstrations that are anti-war/anti-tyrannical government. he’s done a couple of marches and hunger strikes. he’s very into politics and goes to as many protests as possible 
  • sports: rowing team 
  • jinyoung is the sensible group friend. like all of college got7 is a goddamn mess but jinyoung is the designated driver, nurse on call, and therapist all bottled into one when it comes to taking care of his friends 
  • and it’s like he’s not sweet and sugary about it like he will not hesitate to slap bambam awake if he knocks out drunk in the wrong dorm 
  • but also jinyoung is very practical in his schoolwork and life too. like he got into ethics because his self morals are strong and he likes getting down to the real reason some people act the way they do or think the way they do
  • like he’s always got questions about wealth, power, religion, etc. in his head whenever he analyzes anything
  • and so that can make him come off as kind of pretentious because he has the insatiable urge to nitpick everything 
  • but no one can argue that he’s not a hardworker. he’s the top of his major and his gpa is perfect but he’s not like a natural genius, he’s someone that studies for hours and hours and puts effort into presentations and essays
  • and some people are just jealous of that, that’s why they call him ‘pretentious’ or ‘stuck up’ because they don’t look past the fact that yeah - he’s proud of his grades - but do you know what he did to get them?
  • jackson and yugyeom like to tease jinyoung about loosening up a bit, but jb always shoos them off because jinyoung is sincerely hoping to change something with his career
  • and that’s why he’s into public policy and administration, like he knows he needs a seat somewhere in the top to inflict real change and sometimes jb is like “jinyoung, i can’t wait till you’re the prime minister.’ and jinyoungs like ‘jaebum you know that’s not realistic’
  • BUT LIKE IT IS JINYOUNG YOU’RE SO HARD WORKING AND INTELLIGENT YOU COULD DO IT ,<– is what jb is thinking but instead he just shrugs because gotta keep it cool n chic
  • but yeah jinyoung is just a model student, but he’s outspoken and always busy with some protest organization or researching for his senior thesis that (of course) he’s started early 
  • and whenever someone mentions dating? clubbing? drinking? jinyoung just continues eating his lunch or underlying notes in his book because like Who Has Time for That
  • like youngjae has tried to ‘brighten up’ jinyoung’s college life by taking him to cooking club and jinyoung ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, let’s just say it was a failure 
  • one; jinyoung can’t cook, two; he made someone cry when he said their cake batter tasted like the inside of a bleach bottle aND HE WAsNT TRYING to BE MEAN He JUSt DIDN’t know how to word it,,,right,,,,
  • and youngjae was like ‘bro hyung bro think b4 u speak….’ and jinyoung was like “of course i think before i speak youngjae that’s silly i want to be a public figure i need to think all the time-” and youngjae was like ZZZZZ HYUNG I MEANT IN REAL LIFE CONVERSATIONS THINK BEFORE YOU SAY SOMETHING TASTES LIKE BLEACH i s2g….
  • because jinyoung reads like crazy, he ended up getting a part-time job at the campus book store and like school, he works his hardest at his job
  • but seriously sometimes he can’t keep his sarcastic side down especially when some kid came in and was like “im looking for the communist…….man……..mani……manfiesta? by some dude named karl marcus?” 
  • jinyoung god damn near lost his shit he was like mAnFi E S T A m …. MARCUS….lISTEN here you LIL  …..SHi t. THAT MAN -
  • and ok jinyoung was straight up about to Educate this boy before the other employee had to run over and be like “ill take this customer!!!! jinyoung go in the back and check the stock!!!”
  • for the rest of the week jinyoung couldn’t get over it he just kept whispering ‘communist….man…..fiesta……..’ to himself even jb was getting creeped out
  • but the bookstore is actually how you meet jinyoung
  • and not because you talk to him or meet him at the register it’s because you come in, after your godforsaken saturday class, just to read a passage from your utmost favorite novel
  • and you don’t buy it, you don’t have to you have a copy at home, but you just…….love reminding yourself of those specific lines and just standing in that shop for ten, fifteen minutes reading them over gives you enough energy to keep going
  • and one day, out of pure curiosity you write a note on a piece of paper you ripped from your binder and it simply says ‘do you like this book too?’ and you stick it between the pages of your favorite novel and leave
  • and only like when you’re in your dorm late that night do you realize that’s the CORNIEST THING EVER but like it’s too late and to be honest the week goes by and you forget
  • but you’re reminded when you go back in on saturday and pull your favorite book from the shelf and out falls the slip of paper and you’re like ‘oh it’s what i wrote!’ but when you open it,,,,,,,,,it doesn’t say ‘do you like this book too?’ instead it says; ‘yes. very much.’ 
  • and you’re like WAIT.
  • some,,,someone,,,,,,,,answered me???????
  • and you damn near drop the book but you’re like dkfhej ok OK do i answer back???? what do i do???? and you’re gripping the book so hard you might bend it but you’re like thinking to yourself,,,,like there’s no harm in responding right???
  • so you rip out some more paper and write ‘what line do you like best?’ and stick it back into the book
  • only to run out of the store with your hands on your face becAUSE WhaT Are you D O I NG this isn’t some romance movie 
  • but,,,,,you can’t help but feel excited for your next saturday
  • and you don’t see but jinyoung watches you run out of the store and immediately drops his clipboard to go back to the section where he’s seen you stand every saturday for the last semester and he flips through the pages of your favorite book and out falls the slip
  • and outloud he reads; “what line do you like best?” and he grins to himself and flips over the paper to write; “i like too many. my favorite chapter is chapter 6.”
  • and he’s smiling when he gets back to the register and his co worker is like,,,,yo,,,,jinyoung,,,,,did you get a 100 on your test or something//??? and jinyoung is like what are you talking abut and the co worker is like it’s just,,,,,you’re all smiley today
  • and jinyoung is like “i am? i didn’t notice, stop looking at my face and concentrate on work” and the co worker is like YIKES ok sir but jinyoung is also like,,,,,,,,,touching his lips like ,,,,,,,what’s with me
  • and this note passing between you two goes on for like two fricken months
  • and it goes from talking about the book to asking questions about your thoughts and your goals and like
  • you don’t know who this stranger is, this person who doesn’t ask your name or what you look like or who your friends are - they’re just asking you ‘what do you want to do in life?’ ‘what do you want your impact to be?’
  • and you don’t stay 10-15 minutes anymore you stay for longer,,,thinking your answer through,,,,doing your best to convey your thoughts 
  • but one day when the questions is; ‘what do you see your future as’ you write ‘that’s impossible to answer, too much can happen and change’
  • and you place the book back onto to see someone come into the aisle and take it 
  • and you see that it’s this tall boy and you’re like oH,,,,is,,,is it him but he doesn’t even look your way he takes the book out with your note in it and turns to go pay for it and you’re like
  • and you like run over and catch him at the register where jinyoung is 
  • and you’re like “um!!!! i actually really need to buy that book-” and the guys like “this? but i need it for class.” and you’re like “so do i!!! i was just putting it back because i didn’t have enough money, but then i was like oH whatever ill put it on my card so if you could give me the book-”
  • before you can finish though the cashier takes the book from the guy and hands it to you and the guys like wtf? but jinyoung is like “would you rather i give you the pdf link? you can read it on your laptop and it’s cheaper-” and the guys like oh sweet sure 
  • and you’re holding the book looking at jinyoung who tells the guy how to get the book on his laptop and that’s when it hits you
  • if anyone could have been having a conversation with you through notes in a book,,,,then it has to be someone that works there who wouldn’t have any reason to buy the book
  • and so when jinyoung comes back he’s like “do you want me to ring you up for that?”
  • but you just smile and shake your head and you’re like “im going to put it back.”
  • and you turn to leave but jinyoung is like “wait, let me first check something.” and as expected when you hand the book back he takes the note out, reads your answer and again chuckles
  • turning to look up at you , you notice the pretty curve of his lips and the deep set brown of his eyes and he says
  • “too much can happen and change? i like that.”
  • and you kind of feel your face grow hot and you’re like,,,,,,,, “so it is you….” and jinyoung is like “yes, it’s me.”
  • and you don’t know what but maybe you were expecting something to happen when it was finally revealed but jinyoung is just so casual about it and you’re like 
  • “can we keep doing it?”
  • and he looks startled for a second, but then he adjusts the glasses he wears only to work and he’s like “of course, but here - this is my number it’ll be easier this way.”
  • and you’re like looking down at the paper he scribbled his number on and it’s on the paper you wrote your answer on and you take it and tell him you’ll contact him soon
  • and jinyoung is like “oh, give me the book by the way.”
  • and you do and he rings it up and takes out his own credit card to swipe and then hands the book back to you and is like
  • “keep it. it’s a memory.”
  • and honestly you’re too scared to text jinyoung and you’re too scared to go back to the bookstore because what if he asks you about not texting him until one day you see an envelope tapped to the front of your door and when you open it it’s a handwritten letter from jinyoung
  • and it goes; “you’re right, giving you my number was too easy. let’s hand write letters. i have a question; “if the future is impossible - what do you wish you were doing now?” 
  • and at the bottom it says that he’s in the north dorm room 007 
  • and you write out this whole thing about how you wish you were doing better in school, how you wish you were on better terms with more people, all these worries and when you head to the north dorm, with trembling hands you write ‘for jinyoung’ and slide it under
  • and only two days later you find the envelope on your door as well and when you open it you have to cover your mouth because it says;
  • “ah…..if it’s ok, i will tell the truth: i wish i was holding you.”
  • but let’s be honest jinyoung has seen you for months coming into the bookstore, smiling to yourself over your favorite novel, looking picturesque agains the sunlight coming through the window
  • and your glow, like it’d be hard for him /not/ to fall for you
  • and even though got7 thinks jinyoung has no game, like c’mon the boy reads, he listens, he observes, he knows how to capture someones heart
  • aND BoY oh B OY  did he capture yours
  • and you think the whole night on how to respond to him but instead you pick up the courage and on an evening when you know the bookstore closes early you go down to dorm 007, knock
  • and when jinyoung opens the door, plain white t-shirt and messy hair you’re like i made. a . good. decision
  • and he’s like “oh-”
  • and you’re like “im here to make your wish come true.”
  • and im not gonna go into detail, but you know what jinyoung meant by hold you and like he’s overworked. always being relied upon, always studying, always trying to strive for the best. he needs to lay down and relax
  • and you know you help with that ,,,,,,,,,, let him lay down and,,,,,,help him relax
  • and wow who knew model ethics major jinyoung has a lil secret tattoo on his hipbone ,,,,,,,,,it’s a rose and you kiss it and jinyoung goes from poker face to,,,,,,,,,,,,open mouthed maybe biting his knuckles to quiet himself down face
  • ok im getting way too into this moving on
  • afterwords jinyoung realizes that ok. first off everyone was right putting studying aside for a bit and,,,,getting intimate really does cure stress pretty well
  • also when you sit up and reach over to thumb through the book on philosophy after your done jinyoung is like: this is my dream person
  • but see you assume that this is a hookup, like you don’t stay the night because you know jinyoung is busy and you just tell him that you’ll be waiting for his letter with a giggle
  • and you don’t expect one, but a couple days later there’s a letter on your door and it goes;
  • “thanks for making my wish come true, come over tonight and ill grant you a wish of your own.”
  • best believe park jinyoung Goes Down to Town this blessed night and for the children im not telling you what that means and entails
  • and this exchanging letters, hooking up, staying up till the morning talking about books and about the moral lessons of life
  • like it becomes a thing
  • and whenever jackson or yugyeom is like “jinyoung, just get laid” jinyoung just calmly flips the page of his notes and is like “done that, any other advice?”
  • aND everyone wants to know who it is jinyoung’s with and you’re just like im Not Gonna Say Anything because like,,,,,,,you don’t even know if you and jinyoung are a ‘thing’
  • like you’re both too busy to go on dates and neither of you has ever asked the other one out 
  • like yes you tell each other your secrets and your opinions ,,,, but you’re like is that dating??? we don’t hold hands, we don’t take photos together, does jinyoung even want that??
  • and so it’s all a sweet secret until. you’re over at jinyoung’s dorm getting dressed and you’re done and about to say goodbye when there’s a knock on the door and it’s jinyoung’s friend bambam who’ve youve seen once or twice
  • and you want to slip by him but he tilts his head toward jinyoung and he’s like “is he tutoring you?” and LIKE you and jinyoung have told no one about what’s been going on so you’re like “um yeah~!! he’s my ethics tutor!!” and bambam smiles and he’s like “good, so it’s cool if i ask you out right?”
  • and you can feel the temperature in the room grow cold and you’re like “w-what?” and bambam’s like “i see you all the time around campus, you’re cute and it’s lucky jinyoung knows you. i was just wondering, are you free any time soon?”
  • and you don’t know what to say because this is a decisive moment, should you say no because of whats going on with you and jinyoung? should you say yes just because youve never been good at letting someone down???
  • and like your head legit might start spinning but it’s when bambam leans his hand over, seemingly to pinch your cheek to see if you’re going to respond that jinyoung gets up and grabs him by the wrist
  • and bambam looks over and you’re like 
  • and bambam is like ??!?!?!?!?!?!??!!?!?!??!!?!?!
  • and you’re like g;fdfhivew jINYOuNG and jinyoung is like “don’t touch them”
  • and like bambam is like “hyung,,,,oh my god hyung you’re not tutoring them are you.” and jinyoung rolls his eyes like
  • “no bambam. im not tutoring them.”
  • and bambam goes as red as a damn cherry and he’s like o h  OH  WELL I SEE HOW IT IS OK ILL BE GOING BYE
  • and he zooms the hell out of there and you’re looking at jinyoung with wide eyes and he’s like sighing like “it was going to come out some day..”
  • and you’re like “….what was gonna come out…..” and jinyoung ruffles your hair and he’s like
  • “that we’re dating, of course.”
  • and you can’t help the blossoming feeling of happiness that spreads through your stomach because like,,,,,while yes you liked the physical intimacy of being with jinyoung,,,,,,you also fell in love with his mind and how he speaks and how much he knows
  • and he never cuts you off of your opinion and he lets you reason things outloud and it’s so comfortable yet you learn so much from him
  • and you can’t help but be proud to be able to say someone like him is your boyfriend, like he is very much the type that you want to take back home to mom
  • and like jinyoung notices how giddy you are and he laughs and is like ‘come here’
  • and you go over and he takes your hand and kisses your fingertips and is like 
  • “im sorry we didn’t make it clear between us, but would you like to date?”
  • and you’re like “,,,,yes of course!!!!” and he keeps kissing your fingertips till he’s kissing up your arm and then pulls you down on him
  • only five minutes later to be like cRAP i NEED to prepare my speech for tomorrows protest
  • and you’re like should i go??? and he’s like “you can sleep in my bed if you want or help me go over my speech?”
  • and like im telling you right now: jinyoung only lets people that he holds  up to really high standards critique his work so when he lets you read over his speech he’s showing you that he really trusts you and values what you have to say
  • like he never in his damn life would let yugyeom edit his speech. he’d first sell his right toe
  • like bambam finds out first, and you and jinyoung are both like /: he might tell others but to your surprised he doesnt????? and jinyoung finally is just like 
  • like he grabs your hand and is like “im dating them” as he’s sitting at a table full of all his friends
  • and jackson’s the first to drop his chopsticks followed by a very long yell from yugyeom and a slow clap from mark
  • it’s very eventful
  • jb for a second thinks he’s hallucinating but you’re like hi im real. i love jinyoung
  • and everyone’s like hE Y WELCOME TO THE FAMILY 
  • remember how i said jinyoung is the sensible friend? well now you and jinyoung are the sensible couple. the sensible parents. you now hold the life of 6 young men in your hands because without you and jinyoung. they’d probably die
  • and jinyoung actually worries that you might cave under the work, but soon enough you’re like “i should pack lunches for everyone!!” or you’re like bringing extra water bottles when you hang out with them and you always have a napkin to give bambam and an extra pen to give to jb
  • and long story short all of got7 is heart eyes for you because you’re so caring and jinyoung is like coughs they were never this soft and thankful when it was just me
  • but jinyoung of course you know his plate is full of work, school, rowing team (no wonder his upper body is so strong, you noticed when he was holding your waist while you were ontop and you were like wait his arms. they’re toned. they’re toned AS HELL), and of course all the social activism he’s doing so you’re fine that you guys can’t go on a lot of dates
  • because even though you’re dating, every now and then jinyoung fold up a piece of paper and leaves it in an envelope on your dorm door and it’s nothing too long or too serious
  • just reminders that he thinks he’s the luckiest man on earth to have found you
  • you treasure the book jinyoung bought you, the copy of your favorite novel where you first exchanged notes and for the longest time you try to figure out what his favorite book is so you can buy him it back as a gift on your anniversary 
  • but jinyoung reads so many books……that it has you at a loss so in the end you get him a set of fancy bookmarks and blush because you admit you couldn’t figure out his favorite book
  • and jinyoung thinks it’s adorable he chuckles and put his hand on the back of your neck so he can pull you in for a kiss
  • you best believe jinyoung wants to meet your parents but you’re living on campus so all you get to do is skype with them and when you bring jinyoung onto the screen your mom is just like WOW! is that a MODEL! WOW! HANDSOME! and jinyoung charms her even more with sweet talk and casually dropping the fact that he has a 4.0 gpa and like
  • wow, i said this before but: this ! one ! you ! bring ! home ! to ! mom !
  • jinyoung never disappoints, he’s a gentleman through and through always offering to carry your things, always thumbing the corner of your mouth if you have a crumb stuck, pulls out chairs for you, pays on all your dates
  • and even when you’re like jinYOung let me take care of you- he’s like no no i have to take care of you
  • but im just gonna put it out here: that’s not always the case in the bedroom 
  • me: digs a hole and stays in it im soRRY
  • but yes the only glimpses of un-gentleman like jinyoung you see are if you stay the night and in the morning you see his toothbrush fall out of his mouth because you’re just wearing his shirt
  • or when he snaps at yugyeom or bambam and hisses for them to piss off and let him study (this only happens if they’re being eXTRemely loud. or if bambam is trying to fake ask you out to get a reaction out of jinyoung. which he always does and it’s so funny like jinyoung you know he’s playing why are you so jealous???)
  • jinyoung probably: i can’t risk losing my most precious person
  • you: oh my god i love you
  • yugyeom: oh my god that’s so romantic im gonna thROW UP
  • except lbr yugyeom would love it and be like hYUNG let me take a pic of you and them for my insta so i can tag it ‘true love is beautiful. jinyoung would know since he was always ugly bef- plEASE DONT HIT Me WITH THE TEXTBOOK”
  • jinyoung always has his hand on your lower back to steady you, it’s like a reflex of his and it’s warm and makes you feel safe
  • you always take his glasses off for him and clean them even when he insists he can do it himself and you’re like no!!! let me!!!
  • jinyoungs heart just shattering when you lean up to put them back on for him and he can’t resist the urge to lean in and kiss you
  • you see photos of jinyoung in the news from when he went to one of his protests and it makes you so proud and you tag along to some with him and his passion fires you up to be passionate too 
  • when jb told you jinyoung used to dream of being the prime minister when he was younger, you can’t help but think that that would be amazing. jinyoung’s so bright and well spoken, you tell jinyoung that he was basically born the be a public figure and jinyoung just melts because stop jb don’t tell them that they’re gonna compliment me and im gonna D I E 
  • lmfao you: hey, what’s that rose tattoo on your hip even mean jinyoung?
  • jackson, spitting out his coffee: TATTOO? HIP TATTOO? WHAT NOW?
  • jinyoung: good god, look what you’ve done
  • you: oops 

college!vixx (here) & college!bts (here)

find college!woozi (here),  college!wonwoo (here)college!seunghceol(here), college!seokmin (here) , college!jun (here) college!mingyu (here), college!jeonghan (here), college!hoshi (here), college!joshua (here), college!the8 (here) & college seungkwan (here) !

find special college!jb (here), college!mark tuan (here) college!youngjae (here)

find special college!wonho (here)

and please look forward to more college!seventeen + special college!aus

treflev  asked:

I beg of you, give us the Hugolras proves

Every description of Enjolras in the brick is a proof of Hugolras. These are some examples I’ve found in a quick search:

He was angelically handsome. (…) That page’s mien, those long, golden lashes, those blue eyes, that hair billowing in the wind, those rosy cheeks, those fresh lips, those exquisite teeth (…)

His beauty, at that moment augmented by his pride, was resplendent.

And there are more, plus a lot of mentions of how charming he is whatever he’s doing and how awesome his hair is and so on.

You can argue that Enjolras was actually that hot and that the narrator is just an objective entity that accurately describes the reality, and in any other book I could accept that, but in Les misérables the narrator is Victor Hugo and he’s far from being objective. He gives his opinions about everything (politics, economy, religion) throughout the book. And if you still have doubts the narrator is Hugo, he even inserts himself in the story at the beginning of the Waterloo book. He may use the third person, but he talks about himself for a whole chapter! 

So yes, basically every time you read something about Enjolras outside a dialogue in the brick, it’s Victor Hugo fanboying about him.

Now, assuming your ask was prompted by my tags to this post, let me explain you what that can imply for the Enjolras/Grantaire ship.

Keep reading

Seeds of thought : Wicdiv 455AD

Hey everyone ! Fair warning, this month’s analysis is a bit heavy on the History lesson side. I try not to go all nerdy on here because I want to emphasize that this is only my opinion/thoughts and not “10 things you need to know to understand this issue” but the further we go back in time, the harder it gets to analyse things without putting them in context first. So yeah, sorry about that. Anyway, as usual spoilers under the cut. Enjoy !

Keep reading

How The French View Americans: Negative Stereotypes Explained

We all have preconceived notions of certain countries and cultures. We might even understand that these are gross generalizations but that doesn’t keep us from believing them. The French have quite a few preconceived ideas on what it means to be American. I’m going to explore where these stereotypes might come from.  

*Disclaimer: This is all (slightly researched) speculation. *

1. Americans are stupid 

Americans have the unfortunate stereotype of being not so bright. Many Europeans would agree. Is there some truth to this? Well according to OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development), the U.S ranks 26th worldwide in scholastic test scores, below other world powers such as France, Germany, and China. But this is only proof if you believe that test scores accurately define intelligence. Also, the typical French person probably doesn’t know this statistic…so why do they think we’re “idiots”?

Probably because we are generally ignorant of the world around us. Who’s the Prime Minister of the UK? What political scandal is currently going on in Brazil? What is ISIS? The reality is many Europeans could answer these questions and many Americans could not. The other day I watched this American girl try to order at a french bakery. This first thing she said was “Hola” (*face palm*) and then she very loudly asked for a sandwhich in english, as if yelling would help the cashier understand her better. This is the American traveler in a nutshell - we go overseas without any regard for common practices, norms, or courtesies. This lack of cultural curiosity is what probably makes us seem uninformed, silly, and quite frankly, stupid. 

2. Americans are superficial

Outsiders believe that all we care about is our looks, status, and wealth. Materialistic is our name and consumerism is our game. But like, we can’t like, be bothered with things like “inner beauty”. I mean, duh, we have reps to protect! 

It’s not hard to understand why one would come to this conclusion of us. Watch American TV for 30 minutes and you will see how we eat up ideas of popularity and wealth. I mean we are the same country that has made famous-for-nothing Kardashians a household name. We’re also the same country that lets Channing Tatum “act” and lets Taylor Swift whine on every stage. I must admit (ashamedly) that I’ve thought to myself, “Wow, french actors and singers are not attractive”. But their celebrities are actually famous for being talented. Crazy concept, right? 

3. Americans are conservative 

One day when I was babysitting, I took the kids to the park. On the side of a building was a LARGE ad for a burlesque show with a topless woman gracing center stage. I remember feeling appalled. This is a park where children come to play! I looked around and none of the moms or their kids paid it any attention, almost as if this was normal. Am I a prude? No, I’m just American.

When it comes to nudity, cursing, or anything else considered taboo, we tend to censure it. These things are typically reserved for private spaces among adults. But in France, whether its in the media or in real life, they are much less likely to censor themselves. 

Theory time: Part of this may be because we are a much more religious country than France. Although we express freedom of religion within our Constitution, we cannot deny that our country was founded on Christian principles and those principles manifest themselves within our political, social, and cultural identity. Around 88% of American citizens are affiliated with a religion compared to almost 55% of French citizens. Why are LGBT and female reproductive rights hot button issues? Why is the drinking age still 21 years old? Because of persisting conservative sentiments. Perhaps we hold more modest values because of our country’s subconscious (or maybe not so subconscious) ties to religion. 

4. America is dangerous and racist 

To many outsiders, most of our major cities are synonymous with danger. New York. Miami. Chicago. I’ve been asked several times by wide-eyed Frenchies if I’ve ever visited these cities and if I’ve ever felt unsafe. What puzzles them most is why, oh why, can’t America solve its gun issue? Trust me, we’re asking ourselves the same thing. Mass shootings have become unnervingly commonplace and we are just as exhausted.  

As for the racism thing, French people have televisions. They see our public discourse on police brutality, the physical aggression at Trump rallies and that same presidential candidate’s stance on Mexican immigrants. They know well that our country was built on the backs of slaves and immigrants and has a 400 year history of racial oppression and discrimination. But don’t be fooled, France is not at all a racial utopia. They’ve had their fare share of discriminatory laws over the years. However, due to our track record, its the U.S that usually wins the prize of most racist world power. 

5. Americans are fat 

This is without doubt the number one stereotype about Americans and unfortunately there’s a lot of merit to it. We are one of the unhealthiest countries in the world. In 2015, 74 million Americans, almost 2/3 of the country, were considered overweight or obese. Researchers predict that these numbers will only increase and by 2020, 75% of the nation will be overweight. Compared to the 40% of overweight French citizens, these numbers are quite egregious.

But what’s ironic is that we are by far more obsessed with exercise and healthy eating. We have a strong “work out culture” in the states and for most Americans the question is not whether you’re dieting but which diet you’re on. As a whole, French people don’t actively work out. In fact in the 9 months I’ve been here, I have seen one gym. ONE. And it was extremely empty. They don’t have to work at being healthy because they just naturally are. It’s not in their culture to eat large fast food portions or eat out for that matter. Where as in the US, we love to dine outside the home. Not only is it a great way to connect with friends but its convenient. And from drive-thrus to 24/7 restaurants, you cant deny our love affair with conveniency.

6. Americans are self-involved workaholics

“You can be anything you put your mind to” “Reach for the stars” “You could be the next president of the United States!”

From an early age we are told that everyone is special. That hard work is the key to success and to dream as big as possible. I asked a couple of my students what they wanted to be when they grew up and none of them had an answer. From an American perspective this is very strange. Every American child knows exactly what they want to be by the age of 3. Even if the answer is a Princess, we raise children to have a very clear and confident vision of who they are and where they are going in life. 

Our society is characterized by individualism. What that means is that we emphasis personal achievements, we value independence, and much of what we do in life is self-enhancing. Many countries fall into this category and you can argue that there’s nothing wrong with it. But the inevitable result of individualism is that we lose sight in the importance of people around us. We are less family-oriented and instead place more value on our personal success, which typically translates to how we perform in our careers. 

Everyone is chasing the “American Dream”, hoping to make something of themselves. But instead of enjoying life, we’re too busy working hard for the money. We work 30% more than Europeans, have significantly less paid vacation time, and we’re one of the only countries that doesn’t guarantee parental leave for new mothers and fathers. We don’t value leisure time for ourselves or with our family. Maybe we are not personally “self-involved workaholics”, but the way our society is set up its almost impossible not to be. 

Feeling bitter? Well let’s glance at some positive stereotypes. 

7. Americans are very self-confident 

8. Americans are charitable

9. Americans are super friendly

10. Americans are good looking 

See, it’s not all bad. 

my concepts for my modern olympian sets explained (part 4)


This is just my explanations for all my Modern Olympian Greek God aesthetics series. The concepts I had in mind while making it, and the story behind each one. If you haven’t seen it, the link is HERE.


Hecate lives in Salem and owns a witch shop called ‘The Crossroads’, located on the corner of two intersecting streets. Hecate is a very mysterious woman, and seldom says much. She has three black Cretan Hounds that guard her home, and a black cat that stays in the shop, which is her familiar. Hecate is particularly close to Artemis and Selene, who visit her shop often enough when they are in the area. She also knows Demeter and Persephone personally; during the time Demeter was trying to stop Persephone’s relationship with Hades, Hecate was on Demeter’s side. Hecate is a neutral; she can be as kind as she is cruel, as beautiful as she is terrifying. What separates people from both is whether or not they show respect. Hecate offers other services at her shop; she is a medium, and can communicate with spirits on the other side. She is often the mouthpiece to spirits trying to relay a message onto family members, friends, coworkers, lovers, etc. She hosts a circle meetup once a month during the full month to perform rituals and spells, and being that she is wise beyond her years, Hecate gives spiritual advice. She also offers wards and protection to those who need it, but things like that are not free. However the price isn’t always what it seems to be, as Hecate always has a purpose for the things she requires those to pay with. Strands of hair. An old picture of a relative. Flowers from your garden. Graveyard soil. Dust from the top of a tombstone. Cicada shells. Ashes from your fireplace. As a witch herself, she values sentimentality and symbolism over material wealth. 


The last person you want to see standing at your doorstep is Thanatos. There are no friendly visits for Hades’ top hitman. Thanatos has an apathetic lethal force, and nearly impossible to out run. Once your name is written in his black book, you are next, and there’s nothing you can do about it. Thanatos is non discriminatory, and doesn’t care what your status, race, religion, gender, or age is. The only way to avoid Thanatos is paying the debt owed to Hades, however that rarely ever happens fast enough. It also doesn’t matter how far you run away, because Thanatos will find you, and his methods of finishing job range a wide variety. He can be in your face with a gun, behind you with a knife to the throat, over your head with a blunt object. He can make it messy, he can make it clean. He can do it from far away, looking at you through the scope of his sniper. He can make it look like an accident, or a suicide, or frame the murder of someone you love. He can even make it look like a medical anomaly, slowly killing you without even realizing it. It doesn’t matter how, as long as your name is listed, your time is up, and anything within your range can be the cause of your death. Thanatos is resourceful, he will always find a way to cut your thread. Sometimes he goes by the name the Reaper or the Angel of Death. It doesn’t matter what you call him, though, because he’s not your friend, or your lover, or your enemy. He just is. 


Eris is a problematic youth that loves chaos. She’s an instigator of most fights, and she is often in the middle of a riot. Eris is an active Anarchist, and is always in the front of a situation of civil unrest. Actually, often times she is the cause of it. She’s a troll on the internet, she’s the first push in a mosh pit, she’s anonymous marching in a protest, she’s the first to light a cop car on fire during a riot. Eris doesn’t care about purpose, but she loves to feed hate and disagreement when she see’s it. Eris and her sister Enyo are considered twins to Zeus and Hera, being born so close together in years, and how similar they are, and where they ended up. Hera attempted to domesticate Eris, where Enyo followed her brother Ares to the Military (though failed, but that’s a story for another time), but Eris was having none of that. She wasn’t made for the domesticated, sophisticated life her mother desired for her. In fact, just to stir trouble in her own house, she often brought up topics or revealed secrets that she knew would piss off her parents and cause them to argue. As soon as she turned eighteen she left, with no intention of finishing school or finding a job. It isn’t that Eris found herself in trouble most of the time, it’s that she is the trouble, and often times leads groups of equally angry youths into riots that she herself organized. It doesn’t matter the cause, because frankly she just enjoys the ride more than the destination. She’s chaotic evil, if you had to define her personality. If you had to compare her to a villain, she would make the perfect Joker. Who, incidentally, is her favourite comic book character. 


Harmonia is the cousin of Eris, and just by sight they are complete opposites. Harmonia is non confrontational; she doesn’t like arguing, and doesn’t like people who go out of their way to cause strife (coughEriscough). Her parents were corporate lawyers for two different companies, an environment she did not fit with at all; all she ever heard about was arguing. One bad lawsuit had resulted in her parents fighting a case against each other, which ultimately ended their marriage. Harmonia grew up never wanting to be like her parents. After high school she enrolled in the Peace Corps, and when she came back she went into politics and became a diplomat. She is still rather young, but she aspired to be an ambassador someday. Being that she is Anti-War, she advocates peace and likes to resolve issues in society as well as in friends and family. Harmonia lives a simple life away from the city in a wholesome small town with a very small population where very little crime occurs. She lives nearby Hestia, and the two are close friends. Her vacations are missionary retreats to different countries; from helping the poor, building homes, or volunteering at a reserve for animals for a few weeks at a time. Even back home, she volunteers three times a week when she isn’t working. Harmonia has also given a few speeches at the UN, and speaks 10 different languages in order to converse with other countries for her job. Her hobbies include yoga, meditating, taking long walks, and gardening. She also loves learning about different cultures, and often gets into long talks with new people to learn more about them and their backgrounds. 

Next three are: Hypnos, Morpheus, and Phobetor. 


  • I love Margaret Hale. I love her with a love that is pure and true and it’s at least 40% because she’s allowed to be kind of an asshole. She can be rude and superior and judgmental and so. fucking. stubborn and all of it is because, newsflash, she’s a person who loves her parents but for obvious reasons doesn’t particularly want do be like them and spends big chunks of the novel basically parenting them, and with Frederick out of the picture she’s an only child and that comes with its own bundle of shit and all of it makes her who she is so concretely
  • I love that she’s a humanitarian who sticks to her (admittedly p classist and very of-the-time-period) guns because of her faith. I love that her faith is hers; she may have learned it from her father but she’s clearly an intellectual with her own opinions about G-d and the Church, and we get to see how spiritually difficult her father’s resignation is for her. And she is presented with a coherent world-view which religion shapes in a consistent way. 
  • Margaret Hale doesn’t seem to exist to fall in love. Which is fucking awesome! Because don’t get me wrong, I love love stories. But Margaret Hale gets to live her life, of which navigating a complicated set of emotional and social mores is merely a part. She’s got shit to do! Political discussions to have! A household to supervise! Cross-class friendships to maintain! Letters to write! Things to angst about that have nothing to do with That Unfortunately Attractive Asshole Her Dad Won’t Shut Up About Ever (seriously Mr. Hale’s WOW YOU GUYS MR. THORNTON IS REALLY COOL IT’S SO GREAT THAT I HAVE A FRIEND attitude is my fav) Her parental figures keep dying, ffs! She’s gotta figure out her place in the world and what she wants out of life!
  • Did I mention how much I love that Margaret and John spend the first chunk of their acquaintance arguing about politics and industry??????? BECAUSE IT’S A LOT
  • You get where he’s coming from! You get where she’s coming from! You get hella fucking frustrated because Mrs Gaskell is making you care about an industrialist! And you would care even if he DIDN’T look like Richard Armitage in your head! (or was that just me?)
  • John Thornton doesn’t dismiss her opinions because they belong to a woman. He doesn’t! He disagrees because he thinks she doesn’t understand the situation, but that’s because she’s an outsider, a member of the Southern intellectual class who buy his cloth without bothering to understand the social and physical machinery that produces it, not because she’s a woman. He’s impressed with the force of her convictions and how she delivers them! He engages instead of dismissing! It’s fucking great!
  • Of course, much of the credit for that goes to Mrs. Thornton for being a fucking force of nature who when the universe gave her lemons she basically turned the lemons into brass knuckles shaped like her son and punched the universe in the fucking face. You will respect her or you will wither and die under the force of her glare, and John damn well knows how to respect a woman with her own opinions. Because she’s basically the reason he’s in the position he’s in. 
  • Which is awesome! Because these characters are the product of their circumstances! They didn’t just leap into being randomly to get jerked around by plot devices!
  • You know what’s great? Men pining. I love it when men pine. Especially when they’re secretly self-righteous fucks about it. She DOESN’T LOVE ME but I WILL CONTINUE TO LOVE HER and her disapproval CAN’T STOP ME FROM LOVING HER but not because I’m creepy or think I have any right to her, or any right to try to win her over, but because I am a MAN of INTEGRITY who will CONTINUE TO BE A GOOD FRIEND TO HER PARENTS even though I am DEEPLY UNWORTHY
  • and then they don’t actually, which is sad, but the mini-series has our backs in that department with one of the fucking finest filmed kisses of all time
  • and they both chaaaaaaaaaaaange this isn’t about one winning the other over through persistence it’s about a growing toward each other Thornton removes some of the There Must Be A Divide Between Me And My Workers And I Am Not Responsible For Them stick from his arse and Margaret’s like People Can Change and Wow The Greater Social Fabric Is Super Fucking Complicated But That Doesn’t Mean We Don’t Have To Acknowledge Mutual Responsibility
  • and also John Thornton really likes Margaret’s hands which like, I know that feel, bro
  • in conclusion, nothing can make me believe these two don’t have an unusually passionate relationship which involves John performing hella probably-time-period-unlikely cunnilingus on Margaret while she lectures him on G-d and the social contract.
  • I’m gonna fucking read it again.
In Defense of Hoejabis, Bangjabis & Other "Slutty" Hijabis

A couple of months ago, I shared an article on my Facebook page about ‘Hijabi Hipsters’; a new generation of hijabis who fuse fashion with faith by wearing stylish hijab-friendly outfits.

“Wow, that sounds like you!” One of my friends noted. Most of the other people in the thread seemed to agree with him. His comment made me smile. Although I wouldn’t consider myself a hijabster, I was glad my friends thought I was stylish. 

yay!! me trying hard to look fancy. I love maxi skirts <3

Then, it happened.

The negative comments started pouring in.

“Umm…isn’t the point of a hijab to be modest and not attract attention to yourself?” My male atheist friend remarked.

“Yea, I have met girls who wear a hijab with tight jeans and it just doesn’t make sense. How is that even modest?” My female non-religious Hindu friend chimed in.

“You can’t wear that with a hijab. It still attracts boys. She is beautifying her face.” My male Muslim friend offered.

Soon the entire thread took a dramatic turn and went from praising hijabis for being modest yet stylish to bashing “hoe-jabis” for making a mockery off an important religious symbol by wearing “slutty” clothes in the name of modesty.

& throughout this entire encounter, I sat next to my computer screen, a cup of hot Kashmiri chai in my hand, wondering when I will finally get a chance to live without having to justify my attire to every single person I interact with on a daily basis.

no. fuck you. don’t tell me what to wear. I’ve never seen a hijabi wear something like that anyway.

Earlier this year I discovered the Youtube channel of a black Jewish girl who was mocking hijabis for wearing jeans with a headscarf. “Jewish girls are more modest than Muslim ones!” She argued, “we wear skirts!”

Across the globe, thousands of hijabis sighed in unison.

I’ve also heard many Muslim non-hijabi women remark, “Just because you wear a hijab doesn’t make you more modest. What is the point of wearing one if you have a boyfriend or you wear tight clothes?” 

This is in defense of every single girl who has gotten told her clothes are not “hijab-friendly”. This is for every single person who thinks (s)he has the right to tell hijabis what they can and can’t wear.

I became what Muslim women call a “permanent hijabi” at age 18. Before that, I had a rocky relationship with the garment I chose to wear at age 10 to school only. I was the first female in my family to start wearing it. I had no guidance whatsoever. No one told me I couldn’t wear short sleeves with a hijab, for example, so I proceeded to do just that until I got called out for it at age 14.

Since I lived alone and didn’t interact with Muslims (especially hijabis) on a daily basis, I wore all kinds of “inappropriate” clothes with my hijab: short skirts, short sleeved shirts, tight skin-hugging pants, etc.

It wasn’t until I started living with my aunt (who started wearing a hijab by then) that I finally realized the hijab was more than just a cloth you wear on your head. It was an entire lifestyle that you couldn’t just put on and off as you pleased. 

Here’s what I wish people understood about “hoe-jabis”:

  • Most of them are confused. They most likely don’t live with or around other hijabis so they have no idea what really counts as “modest” since different people have different perceptions of modesty. For example, in my school where all girls wore crop tops and booty shorts, my knee length skirt with thick black tights and loose knee high boots were really modest in comparison.
  • They might be experiencing a change of heart. Often times, hijabi girls stop covering their hair for a multitude of reasons. Usually the transition starts with them wearing more “inappropriate” clothes. Once you start wearing the hijab, it’s hard to take it off. It literally makes you feel like you’re walking around naked. That’s why many hijabis use that as a stepping stone so when they are ready to finally take it off, they feel more comfortable doing it.
  • They might be wearing a hijab for reasons other than modesty. It is not uncommon at all to meet a Muslim girl who wears a hijab to make a political statement. I’ve also met cancer patients who wear headscarves once they start losing their hair due to chemotherapy.
  • They are tired of your shit. Seriously. Think about how hard it is to be a hijabi. You take shit from Islamophobes who are more likely to attack you than any other group of Muslims, from white feminists who keep telling you that you’re oppressing your own self for choosing to dress a certain way, from people of other religious groups who judge you on your “fake” modesty, from pervs who fetishize you, from misogynistic Muslims who try to police your behavior and choice of attire, & from other hijabis who judge you on your style…They don’t need you and your bullshit opinions. So please, for the love of pizza, shut the hell up.
  • They are humans too and are thus not exempt from making mistakes. Seriously. Hijab-malfunctions exist. Sometimes the way you step out of your house is not the way you end up looking like halfway through the day.

So please, spare me that BS about hoe-jabis, bang-jabis and “slutty” hijabis. Most of the “slutty” hijabis I met were just girls who got exploited by men who fetishized them (teh M0zlem wimmin r forbiddun fr00t!”). It’s disgusting that you would even use those gendered slurs to refer to them (or any other woman for that matter).

If you are a hijabi who is really interested in helping a girl out, guide her towards fashion bloggers like Amenakin, saimasmileslike and nabiilabee who manage to wear 100% Sharia-approved clothes and still look bitchin’…or towards actual Muslim sources written by scholars explaining what a hijab is and what the rules are for wearing one.

for all my fellow hijabis <3

& remember, folks, if you yourself are not a hijabi, please take a seat and shut the fuck up. 

Hijabis do not exist for you to mock, criticize or fetishize. We are not “forbidden fruit” or hypersexual oriental beauties who are ladies on the street but freaks between the sheets. We sure as hell aren’t repressed creatures who need orientalist men to come and “save” us by sexually exploiting us. 

Remember this, and kindly fuck off.

anonymous asked:

why do you think there is no asian power thing?(as in white power, black power and islamic fundamentalism - i mean even indonesia which is pretty much the most muslim country in the world is comppletely against islamic fundamentalism)

there was. they worked very closely with groups like the black panthers and chicano power to form cross-ethnic coalitions. you may have seen these photos, for example:

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further, in 1982, an Asian American movement formed in protest of vincent chin’s murderers being set free. helen zia asserts that this was the first true “asian american” movement; it was a moment that brought together disparate groups (chinese americans, japanese americans, filipino americans, etc) to a common cause.

in recent years student groups and conferences have been growing across the country. notable ones include ECAASU and NYCAASC.

but i would argue there are a multitude of reasons why these groups are not as “prominent” or visible as black power.

  1. the umbrella term “asian american” encompasses a wide range of groups who share little cultural similarities. black power is more “accessible” to many black americans whose family and cultural histories have been destroyed due to the legacies of slavery. chicano power and latin american groups share a linguistic thread. but many groups are still underrepresented in asian american studies and asian american activism, which has “traditionally” focused on chinese, japanese, and filipino experiences. none of our groups share a single common language, and we generally have closer ties to our cultural heritage due to immigration patterns. which leads me to
  2. the history of anti-asian exclusion. as i see it, there are two primary generations of asian americans: pre-exclusion, and post-exclusion. the communities that had been established before exclusion were the ones that produced the student riots of the 1960s. these were people like helen zia, richard aoki, grace lee boggs, yuri kochiyama, etc. but because of exclusion, there is a huge disconnect between their generation and those that immigrated post-exclusion: people like my parents, who came to ensure better life opportunities for their children, who hadn’t experienced the systematic racism of america and who were more worried about making a living than protesting, who may not speak enough english to understand the history of racism. like my mother now understands discrimination against the chinese but i’m sure she didn’t care when she first moved here to go to grad school.
  3. as i said above, there are many groups in the “asian american” umbrella who may not identify with asian american as a label. especially in the united states, where asian typically means east and southeast asian, south, central, and west asians may not identify as “asian american.” the framing of what “counts” as asian leaves out many groups that are the most disenfranchised (including hmong and bangladeshi americans for example). some asian groups face specific forms of racism that other asians don’t, such as islamophobia targeting many central and south asians (regardless of their actual religions). these are all groups who are left out of “traditional” asian american activism. and many who do use the term asian american do not understand its political implications. it’s a term that has been depoliticized, like the term “black” or “chicano” which were similarly terms used for political reasons.
  4. finally, asian american activism is simply not taught in schools. young asian americans do not know that it existed in the first place. they don’t know about japanese internment or chinese exclusion. when you don’t teach young people their own histories, how do you expect them to be politically invested in their own communities?


Vikings S3 Finale: Athelnar

Alright. I can see how it would seem that Athelnar was sunk by this episode—and that almost killed me—but thinking back on it… It could actually be the opposite!

Okay, so we’re all agreed that Ragnar has a nearly genius level of intellect, yes? Also, that all of his plans involve thinking, like, a hundred moves in advance like a chess grandmaster? Good, good.

Now, even the greatest chess grandmaster has limits, right? Even the most brilliant can only anticipate up to so many of moves in advance. So It’s not possible for Ragnar to have calculated Athelstan into this, the season 3 finale, endgame upon their first meeting. Nope. That in mind, Ragnar was not faking a developing friendship with—and growing love for—the priest for all of these YEARS just for this one con, especially not for his final con (he’d have to know exactly when AND how he’d die in order to do that).

No, that was all real.

I concede that Ragnar initially spared Athelstan’s life as a means for information. However, he never once mistreated the priest—by his culture’s standards—from the get-go. Ragnar never physically abused him, never forced himself on him, looked after his physical welfare, protected him from kinsmen and friends alike, etc. In addition to all that, Ragnar trusted the priest to watch over his children and we all know how much children mean to Ragnar (more than anything).

Though he would continue to use the priest for information, they clearly bonded quickly. Ragnar wished to have Athelstan sacrificed for the fertility rite, which meant that the priest was very VALUABLE to Ragnar, even back then. Whether Ragnar found value in the priest for his knowledge, for his company or for both, I can’t say. But taking into account that Ragnar valued children so freaking much, maybe more than combat and gold, that he would totally sacrifice his most treasured ‘possession’ to have more children, right? (and Lagertha wasn’t in the running at all because it was assumed she would be the one providing Ragnar with children). So, logically speaking, Ragnar choosing Athelstan as a sacrifice must mean that the priest is either as beloved as Lagertha and his children or more so. Right?

Ragnar eventually granted Athelstan his freedom, totally accepting him as one of his people and borderline offering a place in his family. Once freed, the priest chose to stay with him, offering his wealth of knowledge freely. Athelstan even learned how to fight so he could help Ragnar with raiding and he did.

Ragnar took Athelstan with him on the next raid and the priest impressed him. It’s fact: Athelstan impressed Ragnar on the battlefield. Unfortunately, Ragnar had to return home mid-raid because is children were in danger. He left Athelstan more or less in charge of the raid which is HUGE!

When Ragnar learned of the defeat of those he left behind, he inquired fervently about Athelstan’s well being. Did he betray him? Did he fight admirably for him? Was he alive? Was he captured? Was he captured and killed? No one knew and Ragnar wanted the answers to these about Athelstan and only Athelstan. Now, it could be argued that he took that loss hard because the priest was a valuable commodity, but if you recall how Ragnar took the loss of his close friends up to this point—he was never visibly moved even when the closest of friends perished—the argument is greatly weakened, I think.

Upon reuniting with the totally alive and totally loyal Athelstan, he was obviously overjoyed. He immediately took measures so priest wouldn’t be killed then and there by his own men—Ragnar walked the priest back to King Eckbert’s troops, out of the range of his own marksmen—and as he did he told Athelstan that, yes, he was indeed happy to find the priest alive and, before parting ways, Ragnar asked politely for Athelstan to return with him. Asked. Politely. Athelstan accepted, choosing Ragnar over returning to his old way of life, over returning his people, over his religion and over his quill.

Dayum, guys. Dayum.

After that Ragnar trusts Athelstan completely. So much so that the priest is entrusted with important duties and even with men of his own.

(all I will say about the whole Princess Judith affair is that it reminded me of the dreadful SPN 9x03. Basically ‘NO HOMO’ with Athelstan stepping out of character for this romantic tryst then stepping back into character upon Ragnar’s return. “Where Ragnar goes, I go.”)

When Athelstan all of a sudden—seriously, where did this come from considering ALL OF THE ABOVE?!—resumed his former faith, he informed Ragnar of his change of heart privately and without fear. Key word here is ‘privately’—as far as they knew, anyway—so Ragnar’s reaction had no need to be act and if it were an act… It wouldn’t be this: his reaction wasn’t angry or betrayed, as he should have been both in private or public setting.



He told Athelstan that it didn’t matter what Athelstan’s faith was, that regardless he wouldn’t let anyone hurt him for his beliefs, so long as he stayed.

Oh my Gods, how totally platonic is that?

Totally fake. An intricate lie. A huge over act spanning years and years to manipulate the chessboard towards a glorious checkmate? More specifically,  so that he might deceive his own people in his endeavor to conquer Paris—might I add that Paris is a city he had never heard of until he was finished with pillaging England which was when Athelstan told him about it—with this specific method?

I don’t think so.

Did he take advantage of his relationship with Athelstan, how it was seen by outsiders, to sneak into Paris?

Maybe, though I cannot say for certain.

Personally, I think how Ragnar conned his way into Paris was the most ingenious plan ever conceived to accomplish so many many goals with just one act. Expediency and efficiency being vital because, let’s face it, he really was dying at that point.

–>Goal 1: Paris was an idea Ragnar got from Athelstan. Paris was the first raid he planned ALONGSIDE Athelstan. Paris was a raid he was going to execute WITH Athelstan. He was going to witness and conquer Paris WITH Athelstan. All of this is fact, yes? So one can infer that after Athelstan’s death, the sacking of Paris wasn’t just unfinished business in terms of pride and legacy, but also in terms of lost time with Athelstan? Personally, I think so.

–>Goal 2: Ragnar wants to be reunited with Athelstan in death. It wasn’t just a ruse to get into Paris. He admitted this more than once in scenes where he is alone and therefore without need to be dishonest. I concede that he was never really in his right mind when he does, what with grief and delirium, but it seems to me that it makes these confessions all the more valid. That the grief he expressed at Athelstan’s passing was nothing like when he mourned the passing of his friends. In fact, it was closer to the grief expressed to the passing of his daughter (remember how much he values his children?). That while delirious all he thought of was Athelstan and not his wife, ex-wife or children (again, remember how much he values his children?). So while based on fact, I admit this goal is mostly extrapolating on my part but it’s logical, right?

-Goal 3: Ragnar knew how his people viewed his relationship with the priest, of course he does because he’s wicked observant, and that most weren’t thrilled about it. Ragnar is a leader, a King, and wanted what’s best for his people. He manipulated them into position so they might be happy and prosperous.

Goals in mind, Ragnar took advantage his people’s assumptions about his relationship with Athelstan by speaking the truth. This allowed him to get baptized (Goal 2), then enabled him to breach and sack Paris (Goal 1) which provided much for his people—gold, glory, resources, and knowledge—and reassured them that their leader, their mighty and godly symbol, had been behaving falsely to achieve this end (Goal 3), even though some of his behavior was truthful.

Discovering who killed his Athelstan was an unexpected bonus.

That’s how I saw the Vikings Season 3 finale:

Full of ammunition for the naysayers but still SUPER GAY.

(and this is based purely on my shitty memory so if anyone wants to source or add quotes or whatever, please do!)

How to make slaves to the state in the name of “diversity”

You’ve heard it all by now. Bakers are being forced to bake cakes for gay weddings, photographers are being forced to participate in gay weddings, chapels are being forced to officiate gay weddings, etc. And it’s all being done in the name of “equality.” Liberty, of course, is never mentioned.

This is not a religious issue, it’s a liberty issue.

There are those who would make this a religious issue but I believe that it is both short-sighted and unprincipled to do so. Yes, it’s true that most of the cases that we’ve had thus far have involved religion and religious objection, but it is certainly possible to have a case that doesn’t involve religion. Laws that exclusively exempt religious people from following laws that others must follow, do nothing but give religious people special privileges. This is both unconstitutional and inconsistent. There are any number of reasons that a proprietor might refuse service to a customer – and they don’t all involve religion.

But because we have made it about religion, we now have a false argument that has created a division between religious people and non-religious people. This doesn’t have to be the case. After all, at the heart of all of this, it’s not about religion, it’s about liberty. If we would all stay principled, we can avoid problems like this in the future.

Many have a fundamental misunderstanding of what a right is.

There are those who would say that customers have a right to buy something. And this is absolutely true! But here’s the distinction: They don’t have the right to force someone to sell them something. Gay people, straight people, religious people, non-religious people, rich people, poor people and any other group of people have the right, in the United States of America, to purchase a cake. They don’t, however, have the right to force someone to bake them a cake. This should be obvious.

Forcing people to work against their will is slavery.

There is no other way to describe it. The reason they might not want to do the work is utterly irrelevant. If a baker is forced to bake a cake, or a photographer is forced to take pictures, or a plumber is forced to unclog a drain or a farmer is forced to harvest his crops or if any other person is forced to perform labor against his will, it is slavery plain and simple. You can pretend that it isn’t. You can try to justify it by using words like “equality” or “fairness.” You can even demonize the opposition with ad hominem attacks and demagoguery. But the fact will remain, forcing people to work against their will is slavery. And it’s immoral.

Business owners have first amendment rights too.

The typical response to this is always something to the effect of: “if you advertise a service or product, you must be able to provide it with no exceptions.” But this is ludicrous on it’s face. A person does not give up his first amendment rights just because he started a business. Advertising for a business is not the same thing as entering into a contract. I see Lexus ads all the time but I can guarantee you that the Lexus dealership will not give me a Lexus for the amount of money in my bank account. I am ineligible to purchase a Lexus. I am not a potential customer even though they advertised to me as if I was one. “Yeah! But not having enough money is different!” Why is it different? If you have no *principled* response as to why it’s different, then you have no good argument. Furthermore, as I’ve already stated, a business owner might have any number of reasons to refuse service to a potential customer: Lack of money, unruly behavior, difficult delivery logistics, lack of customer license, product or service disputes, age, appearance, etc. It would be a ridiculous fool’s errand to try to determine which of these things should be “illegal” and which shouldn’t be.

We must remain consistent.

A potential response to the above argument is to suggest that all of the other reasons listed for refusing service directly affect the bottom line of the business and, therefore, should be permitted. But, again, not only is this not true, there are plenty of examples that parallel quite nicely with the current controversy. For example, should the gay owner of a community meeting facility be forced to rent it out to, say, The Westboro cult? Obviously not. Should a Christian web developer be forced by the government to design a pornographic website? The vast majority of people would rightly say “no” (remember, this is an analogy, not a comparison). But if they are to remain consistent, those who use the old “If you advertise, there must be no exceptions” argument, must argue that a developer should be forced to design a pornographic web site. These hypothetical scenarios and the current controversy all involve a refusal of service based on (dare I use the phrase) conscientious objection. These businesses should reserve the right to refuse service if they so choose.

Who gets to decide what kind of objection is acceptable?

Whenever analogies like the one above are used, the response often meanders around to the notion that only certain types of objection should be allowed or that we should have certain “protected classes.” In other words, we should define when a business can refuse service and when it can’t. But is that really what we want? Do we really want an all-powerful government determining the things that are acceptable and things that aren’t? Who wins? The people with the most lobbyists? The largest special interest group? Similarly, do we really want the government defining identity groups and then determining which of them should have special rights? Of course not! But that’s exactly what would be (and is) happening.

Free people should be able to enter into contracts with one another.

Rarely have I heard anyone disagree with the notion that people should be able to enter (or not enter) into contracts freely. When a customer purchases something from a business, the two entities have entered into a private contract. The terms of that contract are nobody else’s business. Similarly, the reasons one might choose not to enter into a contract are also nobody else’s business. This is not a hard concept. Yet, for some reason, this principle goes out the window when the feelings of a member of a so-called victim class are on the line.

As usual, liberty is the solution.

You know, I would complain all day if a company didn’t serve me for some petty reason. I would blog about it. I would alert the media. I would protest. I would call for boycotts, etc. But here’s what I would not do: I would not expect (or want) the government to coerce that business into serving me. After all, I’m free to shop somewhere else. I’m free to start my own business and do what I please with it. I’m free to never interact with the business that rejected me. I’m free to live my life as I see fit. And really, that’s the beauty of liberty. All people are free to make their own decisions. No one owns anyone. No one’s identity is defined by bureaucrats. No one is forced to do something they don’t want to do. Yes, within liberty, someone’s feelings might get hurt but that’s life. Yes, within liberty, there will be people who behave badly. But I would take that liberty over an authoritarian government any day.


You’ve probably heard of it by now- it’s Netflix’s new show. It’s 12 episodes of pure beauty and you should be watching it right now. 

The plot: so it’s a little confusing for the first couple of episodes, but basically there are 8 strangers called “sensates” who are psychically linked. But it’s not like they just hear each others thoughts; they can actually see each other’s environments, feel what the others are feeling, and pretty much inhabit each other’s bodies. They’ll randomly pop up on the other side of the world with another sensate and have no idea how they got there. It’s amazing. Together, the 8 of them are called a Cluster. 

Obviously they’re all freaked out because they’re seeing and hearing things happen all over the world while they’re still in their respective locations. So a lot of the story is them trying to figure out what’s going on while still living they’re daily lives. Meanwhile, this dude named Whispers is trying to use their cool new psychic powers to find them and capture them. It’s not really clear why yet- he just think they’re a threat. 


Keep reading

anonymous asked:

why did the vikings become Christians? when did the worship of thor/odin/frigg/etc die out?

Ok.  Conversion of the Vikings, super abridged, according to Dyanne.

The conversion of the Norse started in the late 8th century.  It began with the Danes, who were already notorious raiders in continental Europe.  Monks from Germany went up to Denmark and met with specific kings and jarls and tried to convert them.  It was an attempt to stop the raiding.  A sort of, “No, stop killing and raping people.  That’s some way Old Testament shit.  Jesus doesn’t like that.”  The Vatican basically figured that they would rather get the Danes to see the benefits of Peace, Love, and Jesus than fight (and lose) a war to protect everyone else in Europe.

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On the Intent of Local Cultus

within the heathen sphere and to the point and purpose of creating this community. It’s long, but I hope this is a worthwhile contribution.

I am loving the conversations going on, but I am seeing some things I want to directly address, because I’m seeing things that start to look like gatekeeping. I think part of the beauty of local cultus is that it’s a personalized experience—meaning no one can tell you your experience in your personal sphere is anything other than valid. Two people can have conversations about their personal practice, and rather than trying to force one another to fit into one doxy, there can be equally valid experiences. I think that’s important.

To my understanding, local cultus has a number of facets. As it relates to heathenry, it comes from the historical that there was no pan-Germanic religion, and the practice of worshipping the heathen gods varied from region to region, and that there were regions or locations named for specific gods, which we now take to indicate particular worship in that area (though not necessarily to the exclusion of other gods in that area). The gods themselves had variable names depending on region. This is the foundation for modern heathen local cultus. If there was a multiplicity of engagement by region then, so there can be again. In this way, it does have recon roots.

In my mind, local cultus has these aspects: 1) The faces of deity as they manifest to us, with particular consideration for the environment we are in and how that may affect our viewing; 2) Our engagement with the land and environment around us as it relates to our religious views, including but not limited to landvaettir; 3) The manner of veneration, worship, or practice as similar or different from region to region and person to person; 4) [A particularly heathen effort] Reviving a dead religion without access to a paper trail delineating the boundaries and definitions of the spheres of influence of our deities.

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anonymous asked:

If you have the time, could you make a post about France's secularism ? I'm sick of people telling secularism is racist when, in the privacy of our homes and outside public spaces (IF you work for a public service, actually), we can do whatever we want. Tumblr never speak of people born in very religious families that find a relief in secularism. Thank you for everything you've done already.

You’re welcome, it’s the minimum :) also sure thing I can have a go at this, though before I even try I’m gonna link at this and this wherein actual French people went at it on the subject, and I’m sure I had another fairly long one reblogged but either it’s in the queue or I’m confusing it with the second link above. ANYWAY, French followers feel free to add/correct to anything - I’ll try to make it as short and bare-facts as possible.

So, facts:

  • Premise: when we talk about secularism, we also talk about laicism. Laicism in general is not exactly what laïcité is in France, but for the sake of the argument, when talking about laicism we’re generally talking about separating the religious sphere from the public sphere. The two things are in theory not incompatible. I can be religious and supporting laicism if I say that anyone can preach what they want and people can go to Church and so on but at the same time you can’t forbid gay people to get married because the State religion doesn’t like it and so on. This also then ended up more or less merging with secularism which is a word that originated in the middle ages - basically secular comes from the latin term saeculum which was used to refer to everything that wasn’t religious. With secularism we mean a school of thinking that separates Church/religion from state matters as well, so basically a secular nation is a nation where you have private freedom of worship and you can practice whichever religion but religion doesn’t matter as far as the public sphere goes and it can’t matter as far as the country’s laws are concerned. IE, in theory in a secular country I shouldn’t be able to deny someone abortions on the basis that any religion thinks it’s a sin. And so on. Obviously this is a thing that is valid in theory and not in practice - as in, I live in Italy which should be a secular country even if Catholicism is the State religion, but the Church still has more than enough saying when it comes to whichever laws they implement but anyway this isn’t about how Italy fails at laicism even if it tries. Anyway, since we’re talking in theory, we can assume that even with all the differences in between countries, all of Europe is a secular continent since in every nation there’s a basic separation of Church and State as far as the constitutions are concerned.
  • With that out of the way, let’s move closer to the main point. Europe wasn’t always secular - actually secularism has been a long process that started in the modern era. A few of the most important landmarks in there were the protestant split which brought on the last religious wars we had in Europe (the last one is the thirty years’ war, after then we’ve had a lot of wars but not for religious matters anymore or at least not in the way they happened before) and the whole cuius regio eius religio principle - basically it’s that you should follow the religion of your sovereign, which bypassed the influence of the Catholic Church as a whole since it didn’t make the Pope more powerful than said sovereign and so on. Now, I’m really oversimplifying on that point so I urge anyone interested to look it up more in-depth, but I need to get on to the last premise before I actually talk about France.
  • Last premise in question: throughout the Middle Ages and up until the Italian unification, the Catholic Church was actually an imperial power. And what we have to keep in mind is that it didn’t survive on the power of spirit and abstinence, there was a lot of money thrown into the game - like, the Protestant split also happened because Luther was outraged that the Catholic Church would sell indulgences for money (basically you were paying to shorten your years in Purgatory). The bishops/clergymen/what have you owned land, owned money, owned possessions and so on. (And even these days the Church isn’t exactly drowning in debt - look up the IOR scandal from a couple years ago.) Anyway throughout the modern era they lost power also because, putting it in very plain terms, people were starving and bishops/noblemen were the part of the population which was actually rich. (With that I don’t mean the random priest running the church in a small village, I mean actual people with power.)
  • On to France, or better, not yet but in a moment: even with the whole cuius regio eius religion thing above, it’s not like everyone was hunky dory in Europe back then because lo and behold, people’s lives still sucked anyway because freedom to worship what your sovereign worships isn’t exactly freedom of religion and anyway the situation as far as the most important countries were was: absolute monarchy in Spain, Austria, Russia, Portugal and France (and the one in France was the absolute monarchy - Louis XIV rings any bell?), a less absolute monarchy in England but it had become less absolute after the whole part where they decapitated one king and had a republic for the first and only time in their history, and different sovereign states in Germany, more monarchies in the Scandinavian area and then Italy was basically half conquered by Spain, one quarter was the Church state and the rest were either small principalities or republics on the decline or occupied by the French/whoever else. Only thing all of these had in common: if you were noble/a clergyman/had managed to land a fairly good bourgeois job you had a nice life, if you were a low commoner/farmer/insert-the-majority-of-the-population-here your life sucked because basically 10% of the population had 90% of the money/resources/wealth. Now obviously this varies from State to State - like, obviously merchants in the Netherlands were a lot and were fairly rich and so on, so don’t take me at face value here, but that was the general situation.
  • At this points, FINALLY we get to France where in all this situation we had an absolute monarchy - or better, the absolute monarchy, again see Louis XIV, you don’t get people to call you Sun King because you fancy it. Also, important: the basic principle of absolute monarchy (on which said monarchs argued with the Pope for ages because it basically trumped the Pope’s right to undermine their authority) was that the king was there because God commended it. It’s called divine right of kings and basically says that if you’re king of a nation God appointed you to rule it, and since God can do no wrong then you as a king can do no wrong and your subjects can suck it up. Now, this exists because during the middle ages the Popes were like ‘since God appoints the Pope and what the Pope does is God’s will then we can have a say in the matters of every Catholic country in Europe’, and considering that Charlemagne’s empire was names Sacred Roman Empire it should give the idea of why it was important for the monarchs to assert that God didn’t need the Pope as an intermediary. So basically religion in this case was double-tied with this kind of power, as what the king did was intended to be God’s will. Let’s just remember this concept, because it’s a key concept.
  • So, France is an absolute monarchy and in years between Louis XIV’s death and 1789, the situation was as I said above - 10% of the population had 90% of the money and the rest was starving and good luck to them. Other than that, the financial situation wasn’t exactly that splendid because the French had heavily helped the United States during the american revolution (because of course they had to help when the US were fighting against Britain..) and had sent money/troops/what have you in large quantity but ended up mostly gaining debts, and the dude who says ‘maybe we could tax the nobles and the clergymen’ got exiled because he dared suggest they paid. So they ended up taxing the commoners even more. EEEH BAD IDEA.
  • Meanwhile, there was the Enlightenment school of thought that had started from France and was deeply connected with their specific political situation. Now the Enlightenment varies from country to country and from exponent to exponent (Voltaire, Hume, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, Descartes, Spinoza, Montesquieu, Bacon and Beccaria are all more or less belonging to that movement but they all had different positions and so on), but the key concept is the importance of reason. Now I’m going to cut this short because if I start blathering about it I’ll break out my university course notes and we’ll be here until tomorrow evening, but basically if you’re encouraged to think individually, use reason and logic and so on, you’re obviously going to go against the establishment, which is what we described above. Now the three key figures of French Enlightenment are Voltaire, Rousseau and Montesquieu though the key work is the Diderot/d’Alambert Encyclopedie, and now I’m going to make it really bare-bones. The basics for the three of them are: Rousseau theorized that the better government was actually a republic ran by commoners rather than a sovereign which goes against English enlightenment thinkers but I’m gonna shut up, Voltaire was one of the most important secularists in history and he was deeply against religious power being rooted in the public sphere and all of his work uses satire and irony to get to the point, while Montesquieu is the one who theorized the separation of powers within the State and, consequently, the separation of Church and State.
  • I’m gonna take a moment on that, because that theory is still relevant today and it’s pertinent to our topic: at the time, the French monarchy was structured into clergy/aristocracy/commoners. He said that instead there should be monarchy/aristocracy/commoners, that monarchy was a sovereign power that had to be distinct from administrative power, and that administrative had to be divided into executive, legislative and judicial and that all should keep the other in check while also keeping the sovereign in check. This basically takes out the clergy from power and eliminates the feudal scheme of French absolute monarchy.
  • These people lived throughout the entire 18th century and they had great influence, or as much as they could given the circumstances.
  • Now, in 1789 the French revolution starts, I can’t possibly go into the reasons in an already fairly long tumblr post because people are still debating it today anyway so I’ll cut on that, there’s enough literature to go if you want to read about it, and cut to the point, which is that when the French revolution started we had a situation where common people were starving, the clergy was seen as part of the enemy as it was one of the two privileged categories, the wealth was distributed like that and the intellectual climate in between the bourgeois and the people who actually studied/read treatises and so on was very profoundly shaped by Enlightenment ideas. As a consequence, the moment the revolutionaries were in power, the Catholic Church was pretty much destroyed as a power anyway - in between expropriation, killing the clergymen or sending them into exile, seizing their property and so on, since it obviously was an obstacle to the revolutionary ideals they tried to remove also its cultural influence - if you look at the revolutionary calendar, it doesn’t even have the Christian festivities. This kinda failed because it had the opposite effects amongst actual religious people, but at the same time when the revolution was over and Napoleon stepped in and he compromised with the Church, he didn’t give them back the power they had before and didn’t reinstate their properties. He also made sure that priests got allowances from the French state and not Rome and he made all religions equal, Judaism included (which was pretty big). That is something that never quite went away and actually after Napoleon it stayed in the roots of the constitution.
  • Mind that the French were the first nation in Europe to do such a thing. Which is also why other European nations wanted to shut the revolution down quick - after all, if people could just say fuck you to the king and his god-appointed monarchy by getting rid of religion in the first place in France who says they couldn’t do that anywhere else?
  • From that point on, in France it’s always been something that’s deeply linked with their laws/constitution. I think it was in 1882 or anyway the late 19th century that they sanctioned the separation between State and Church also by making sure school was entirely secular (which is not the case here in Italy for one..) and at the beginning of the 20th century they got rid of recognized religions in the first place. Like, in France as far as I know you don’t recognize religions, you recognize religious organizations that have to obey to laws and that can’t interfere with the public sphere at all. Which brings the whole ‘no religious symbols whatsoever in school and public places’ debates and so on. Actually wait let me look it up *looks it up* okay, it was in 1905, they proclaimed a secularism law which pretty much forbids to recognize religions as above and to finance them with a few exceptions.
  • This means that politicians shouldn’t be making declarations plainly about religion (like, they can say their morals are catholic-based but they can’t say ‘I’m going to ban abortions because the Bible says it’s a sin’) and they aren’t supposed to let religion rule their choices. They did have a lot of catholic presidents, but as they were laicians as stated above, they didn’t let religion interfere with their ruling (like I think it was de Gaulle who didn’t take the communion in public because he didn’t think it was appropriate to do it in front of non-catholic citizens?) and so on. And you can’t publicly say you belong to a religion. And so on.
  • That above is what they call laïcité, and it’s not just separation of Church and state. Is completely keeping religion private and to yourself rather than letting it interfere with the public in every way. Heck, it’s in their constitution - it says France is a secular republic using that word, not secular (it’s two different words as stated above). It says it’s indivisible, secular/laïque, democratic and so on. It’s an absolutely fundamental part of France’s very roots and the reasons above are probably a very not in-depth explanation. But basically it’s something that they feel is rooted into the French revolution, which is something they justifiably feel is fundamental to their history, never mind that it’s not at all comparable with the British republic (which had a leader who pretty much tried to re-do a monarchy anyway) and so it was the first republic in Europe where commoners actually had the upper hand and which was originally funded on modern principles that came from Enlightenment and which we all consider old news today like the separation of powers, the Church and State being two different entities, a republican system rather than a monarchy (and anyway all monarchies in Europe right are representative in various degrees - the British are sort of an exception in the way they’re attached to the institution of course, but this is not the problem at hand).
  • Now this mindset also implies that when you’re in private, you can do whatever the fuck you want. You want to worship whichever religion, go ahead. You just have to do it in private/in your congregation as long as you don’t disrupt public order and you don’t do anything else other than practicing your religion and leave everyone else alone. it’s not racist. It’s valid for everyone. You can be Jewish, Muslim, Catholic, Buddhist, belong to fucking Scientology or be pagan, no one gives a damn and you can do whatever you want as long as you don’t let it interfere with your work if you hold a public position or you ask to be given preferential treatment. Like, you can argue how much you want about wearing religious symbols in school, but no one can wear any, so it’s valid for everything. De Gaulle might not have taken the communion in public but no one told him he couldn’t take it in private or that he couldn’t confess or what have you.
  • Tldr: in France secularism/laicism/religion not being allowed in public spaces isn’t a whim, is a principle/concept that is deeply rooted in French history and in its background and in its culture, and dismissing it as ‘they don’t let people worship whatever they want!’ is completely stupid since it means dismissing all the cultural baggage and historical notions that come with it.
  • Second to last thing: in Europe, everyone knows. If someone chooses to emigrate to France and expects to be able to not being secular in public offices and to wear religious garb in schools and so on, my advice would be to pick another country. I’m not saying it to dismiss the importance of religion for religious people obviously, but that’s the way things work in France and I highly doubt anything will make it change especially since they see it as a fundamental part of their culture and their identity. They’re not going to accomodate anyone on that matter, and if you know that you should pick your battles. It’s as if someone Protestant came to Italy, went to live in a relatively small town - let’s take my grandmother’s village as an example, it’s 1200 inhabitants and it has three churches, all catholic, and that’s it - and complained that there are three Catholic churches but no Protestant one. Or as if someone Muslim went there and complained that there’s no mosque. In Italy like 97% of the population is Catholic, if someone came here and expected to find different places of worship in smaller cities I’d tell them what the hell did you expect, of course there wont’ be. Which is not exactly the same in scope, but you get my meaning. It’s a cultural thing and it’s not an irrelevant cultural thing. Just to make sure that everyone gets the scope: when we take la France est une République, une, indivisible, laïque et sociale, which is the first article of the French constitution, it’s culturally equivalent to what is the first Amendment to the US constitution. Same as liberté, egalité, fraternité, is comparable to life, liberty and pursuit of happiness from the declaration of independence. You can’t just dismiss it as ‘they’re racists/they’re too strict/they should allow this this and that because religious freedom’, because it’s not what it’s about.
  • Also: this post is very oversimplified and I generalized a lot of things for the sake of getting the bigger picture. Anyway if someone who knows more than me on the subject sees that I got anything terribly wrong please comment and I’ll edit accordingly.

Last thing which I’m not gonna put in that list since it’s personal and not an historical fact that you can disregard as much as you want - actually since this post is long and this is just my personal experience I’ll cut it since the actual answer is just in the points above, this is more of an addendum concerning living in wholly secular/partially secular societies. Premise: I’m Italian. I’m also atheist. I also live in Rome.

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The parallel between TonDC and the 300 Grounder Massacre…Or not.

I won’t implicate names hence I won’t publish the ask I received—but all it said was that people were “saying the writers are trying to parallel the clexa missile with what Bellamy and Pike did.” I’m not sure what the writers DID actually say. I think @theskyheda must’ve written on this similarly, she is like the pillar of reason btw. But wow. Thoughts under the cut, because this got long and I got angry.

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Guild Wars Lore: The (Current) Human Gods

Hey guys! Sorry for the delay in these! My old laptop died on me, then I got a new one and…. forgot I wanted to do this once a week. I’m back though! Hopefully I can get back on the whole posting once a week thing! Anyways as requested more than a month ago here is the lore for the current pantheon of human gods!

According to Orrian scriptures, Dwayna was the first God to enter Tyria, and with her she brought humans. For a while it was believed that the Gods created Tyria, it is now believed that they did not, and an older much more powerful being is responsible for the creation of the world. It is also Dwayna that brought humans to Tyria, this legend suggests that humans are actually not native to Tyria, but originated from some other plane of existence. The reason Dwayna had for bringing humans to Tyria is still unknown. She is the leader of the 6 Human Gods and her biggest worshipers are healers. She is the mother of the God of Death, Grenth, his father being a human sculptor. She is also responsible for the creation of The Bloodstones, magical stones that locked away magic so that no one individual could wield power over all magic again , hoping to end the widespread war that had gripped Tyria about a century before the Exodus of The Gods.

Balthazar is said to have been the second of the Gods to enter Tyria, after Dwayna. He is the God of War, fire, and challenge. He entered Tyria holding the severed head of his father, and followed by his two hounds Temar and Tegon. While Dwayna had sought peace among all, Balthazar instead called upon the humans of Tyria to fight the other races for dominance, believing the ‘lesser races’ to be too weak, and that they would fall easily. This would lead to all out war, and the almost complete extinction of the ancient serpentine race, The Forgotten, and the invasion of the Charr homelands by humans, and the founding of the human kingdom of Ascalon, setting up the events of the Searing, and the centuries old distrust between humans and charr. Balthazar was incorrect in his assumption though, and the other races fought back, resisting annihilation. Balthazar was known to be fighting a war against his half-brother Menzies in The Fissure of Woe, Balthazar’s domain in The Mists. The Fissure of Woe was accessible in the original Guild Wars by kneeling at statues of Balthazar, but as of the setting of Guild Wars 2, the outcome of this war, or if it still continues, is unknown.

Melandru is said to be the third of the Human Gods to enter Tyria, and is most associated with nature, earth, and growth. She is known to be the oldest and wisest of the human gods, and along with Dwayna, sought only to bring peace to the world. She is curious in the fact that she is known of in two other races’ mythology, the quaggan, and strangely enough, the charr. Quaggan worship a goddess known as Mellaggan, who greatly resembles Melandru, and the quaggan even use a sunken statue of Melandru as a shrine to their god. The quaggan believe their god to be dead, killed long ago by the krait. Human scholars believe them to be the same, just a different interpretation, the quaggan believe them to be separate entities, but are too polite to argue when human scholars claim otherwise.The charr, even though they do not worship any gods (more on charr and their views towards religion in another post! Stay tuned!), have in their legends the belief that Melandru created the world of Tyria, however other historical texts have shown this belief to be false.

(Sorry it took me so long frimu, but here you go!)
No definitive placing of when Lyssa entered Tyria so just gonna put her here. Lyssa is the twin faced goddess of beauty, illusion, and after the fall of Abaddon, water. While normally depicted as one being with two faces, Lyssa is actually twin goddess, Ilya and Lyss. Their origins are unknown, she is known as the most beautiful of the Gods, stories tell of young men becoming entranced by Statues of the Goddess, only to die days later of thirst (hehe). In Vabbi, on the continent of Elona, there was a Festival dedicated to Lyssa thrown by the wealthy members of society. Although she is most associated with beauty, she is shown to not be purely vain, as told in legend of her visiting a village: 
“And it was, that a stranger came to the village of Wren seeking shelter and employment. Though young in years, her body was stooped and twisted, her flesh eaten by disease. “Ye have the mark of plague upon ye,” said the citizen named Gallrick. “Leave this place lest you sicken our people.”“I’ve lost my family and my home,” cried the desperate woman. “Have you no heart?"Yet each person, in turn, did look away.Then from the crowd came a young woman, Sara. She looked upon the woman with pity. "If you need help,” said Sara, “I will give it.” And Sara did approach the gnarled, bent woman and did offer her a helping hand.Then the sickened woman pulled from her body the robes of plague, revealing Herself to be the goddess Lyssa.The people of Wren fell to their knees, begging Lyssa’s mercy. But lifting Sara gently, saith She, “True beauty is measured not by appearance but by actions and deeds. Many have eyes, but few have seen. Of all here, you saw the beauty behind the illusion. And you alone shall be blessed with My gifts.”

Grenth is a half-god, half-human, the son of Dwayna, and an unnamed human sculptor, who’s identity is hidden by The Church of Grenth. Grenth is the God of death and ice, taking these powers from the original God of Death, Dhuum. Grenth challenged Dhuum for the mantle of God of Death, believing him to be an unfair and unjust god. Grenth and 7 mortal warriors struck down Dhuum, transferring the power to Grenth, and he in turn transformed the 7 warriors into his Seven Reapers, the oldest and most powerful of his followers. Grenth rules The Underworld but his rule is still challenged by the remainders of Dhuum’s army. The relationship between Grenth and Dwayna since his ascension, is not really known, apart from the Wintersday Celebration of the Humans. Although in modern times (Guild Wars 2) it is seen more akin to the Christian holiday of Christmas, in Guild Wars 1, it was the setting of a battle of ideals between Dwayna and Grenth. Humans would choose to side with Grenth’s idea of winter, death and mourning, or Dwayna, the ushering in of new life, and rebirth. Whichever god won would have a sort of ‘groundhog day’ effect, with Grenth’s victory bringing on a longer winter, and Dwayna’s victory bringing an early spring.

The newest of the six gods is Komir, Goddess of Secrets. The original God, Abaddon, waged a war against the other 5 gods after they weakened his gift of magic to the mortal races. He was defeated and cast into the Realm of Torment. His spheres of influence, were water and secrets, with Lyssa taking influence of water, and Abaddon (I guess?) held onto the sphere of secrets. Komir was a human from Elona, and was the Leader of The Sunspears, a now defunct organization dedicated to protecting Elona. After Warmarshal Varesh Ossa, at the command of Abaddon, invaded all of Elona in the name of her fallen god. Komir was left blinded in an attack, and thought dead, but was found, and resumed her role as leader of the Sunspears. Before finally facing down the fallen god, the player character and Komir seek power from the gods to help in their fight. They do not get what they had originally hoped, only a gift for Komir, that is never fully explained, and a cryptic message of “… You must make the choice that only a mortal could make.“. Once Abaddon is finally killed his power threatens to run out of control and destroy everything, it is then that Komir learns the purpose of her gift, and the choice she would have to make. She throws herself into the middle of the well of godly power and absorbs it, becoming a new god, The Goddess of order, spirit, and truth.

Well there you have it everyone! Next week I think I will start a series on the playable races, starting with the Charr! Hope to see you then!
-Karn Vileclaw