or multiple universities with the same name

“…Mr. Tesla was charmed to hear about the Vedantic Prâna and Âkâshâ and the Kalpas, which according to him are the only theories modern science can entertain. Now both Âkâshâ and Prâna again are produced from the cosmic Mahat, the Universal Mind, the Brahmâ or Ishvara. Mr. Tesla thinks he can demonstrate mathematically that force and matter are reducible to potential energy. I am to go and see him next week, to get this new mathematical demonstration.

“In that case, the Vedantic cosmology will be placed on the surest of foundations. I am working a good deal now upon the cosmology and eschatology (That is, doctrine of the last things — death, judgement, etc.) of the Vedanta. I clearly see their perfect unison with modern science, and the elucidation of the one will be followed by that of the other. I intend to write a book later on in the form of questions and answers. (This was never done. But from his lectures in London in 1896, it is easy to see that his mind was still working on these ideas. (See also Vol. VIII Sayings and Utterances& Letter to Mr. Sturdy .)). The first chapter will be on cosmology, showing the harmony between Vedantic theories and modern science.

Brahmâ = The Absolute
Mahat Ishwara = Primal Creative Energy
Prâna and Âkâshâ = Force and Matter

“The eschatology will be explained from the Advaitic standpoint only. That is to say, the dualist claims that the soul after death passes on to the Solar sphere, thence to the Lunar sphere, thence to the Electric sphere. Thence he is accompanied by a Purusha to Brahmaloka. (Thence, says the Advaitist, he goes to Nirvâna.)

“Now on the Advaitic side, it is held that the soul neither comes nor goes, and that all these spheres or layers of the universe are only so many varying products of Âkâshâ and Prâna. That is to say, the lowest or most condensed is the Solar sphere, consisting of the visible universe, in which Prana appears as physical force, and Âkâshâ as sensible matter. The next is called the Lunar sphere, which surrounds the Solar sphere. This is not the moon at all, but the habitation of the gods, that is to say, Prâna appears in it as psychic forces, and Akasha as Tanmâtras or fine particles. Beyond this is the Electric sphere, that is to say, a condition in which the Prâna is almost inseparable from Âkâshâ, and you can hardly tell whether Electricity is force or matter. Next is the Brahmaloka. where there is neither Prâna nor Âkâshâ, but both are merged in the mind stuff, the primal energy. And here — there big neither Prâna nor Âkâshâ — the Jiva contemplates the whole universe as Samashti or the sum total of Mahat or mind. This appears as a Purusha, an abstract universal soul, yet not the Absolute, for still there is multiplicity. From this the Jiva finds at last that Unity which is the end. Advaitism says that these are the visions which rise in succession before the Jiva, who himself neither goes nor comes, and that in the same way this present vision has been projected. The projection (Srishti) and dissolution must take place in the same order, only one means going backward, and the other coming out.

“Now as each individual can only see his own universe, that universe is created with his bondage and goes away with his liberation, although it remains for others who are in bondage. Now name and form constitute the universe. A wave in the ocean is a wave, only in so far as it is bound by name and form. If the wave subsides, it is the ocean, but those name and form have immediately vanished for ever. So though the name and form of wave could never be without water that was fashioned into the wave by them, yet the name and form themselves were not the wave. They die as soon as ever it returns to water. But other names and forms live in relation to other waves. This name-and-form is called Mâyâ, and the water is Brahman. The wave was nothing but water all the time, yet as a wave it had the name and form. Again this name and form cannot remain for one moment separated from the wave, although the wave as water can remain eternally separate from name and form. But because the name and form can never he separated, they can never be said to exist. Yet they are not zero. This is called Maya.

“I want to work; all this out carefully, but you will see at a glance that I am on the right track. It will take more study in physiology, on the relations between the higher and lower centres, to fill out the psychology of mind Chitta (mind-stuff), and Buddhi (intellect), and so on. But I have clear light now, free of all hocus-pocus. I want to give them dry, hard reason, softened in the sweetest syrup of love and made spicy with intense work, and cooked in the kitchen of Yoga, so that even a baby can easily digest it.”

–Swami Vivekananda

(A Letter To Mr. E.T. Sturdy. 228 W. 39th Street, New York, February, 13, 1896.

redrikki  asked:

I've been watching the Clone Wars on Netflix. In it, the character Ahsoka uses two lightsabers which she holds in reverse grip, that is to say so that they point backwards parallel to her forearms instead of in front of her at her enemies. I know that this is a technique sometimes used in knife fighting, but, as someone with fencing experience, I can't help but find it incredibly awkward and inefficient with a full-length sword. Is it based on a real technique, or is it just rule of cool?

There’s no real application for it. There are reasons to reverse grip a knife, not so much with a full length blade.

The in universe justification is that Ahsoka and Starkiller both use a controversial, or ancient, (pick whichever feels more appropriate in the moment) version of the Shien style (or Form V, if you prefer). Shien is a style focused on dealing with multiple opponents simultaneously, and had a focus on quick retaliations after a defensive parry, as well as heavy strikes. In theory, Ahsoka’s using the same lightsaber form as Luke and Anakin, just with a different resting position for their blade. Supposedly, the reverse grip allows the user to generate wider arcs that strike across multiple targets more easily. I say supposedly, because that honestly sounds like an after the fact justification to me. Though, it’s possible there’s some consideration to how lightsabers handle momentum that isn’t occurring to me.

For those of you unfamiliar with the forms, the old Star Wars expanded universe broke lightsaber combat down into seven distinct forms, (and then kept adding more.) Each one is numbered, and alternately has multiple names. In large part, these exist to justify the various actors having different approaches to the lightsabers across the franchise. And there are a lot of after-the-fact justifications for why Luke’s use of a lightsaber looks different from Obi-Wan’s, and why Obi-Wan’s changes between the prequels and the original trilogy. Beyond that, most Jedi are assumed to be proficient in roughly three styles of their choosing.

There is some interesting concepts buried in there, especially when you get past the official seven forms. For example, Trakata, where the blade is disabled and reignited mid-strike to bypass blocks and generally mess with the opponent. So, what Ahsoka is doing probably isn’t completely without merit. I know with Starkiller the justification was that it kept the blade out of his way while performing acrobatic maneuvering. It’s another explanation that sounds dubious, though slightly more plausible.

So, basically, no, it’s there to make her more visually distinct. This is a large factor in most of the unique lightsaber variants across the franchise. There’s in universe justifications, but those follow the goal of making a character stand out. That is a legitimate goal. Particularly when you’re dealing with a setting that juggles hundreds of major characters.

The subversive way to phrase it would probably be some variation of, “when everyone’s special, no one is,” but when you’re talking about Star Wars, as a whole, particularly the old Extended Universe, it does sell the idea of a diverse universe with a ton of distinct characters bouncing around in it. Also, the more characters you add, even when their stories are individually distinct, the harder it becomes to separate them out. I’m going to offend some people here, including myself, but, when you take two characters like Corran Horn and Kyle Katarn, and stick them next to each other, it can be kinda tricky to explain what makes them distinct, to someone unfamiliar with the setting.

The trade off is, taking large steps to try to differentiate a character can result in serious pushback. For whatever the reason, the community just does not accept and mocks that character mercilessly. Which was the case with Starkiller. I honestly could not tell you why Ahsoka never generated the same reaction. At least, not conclusively.

-Starke

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Polycentric Polytheism and the Philosophy of Religion

This post is a breakdown of the essay “Polycentric Polytheism and the Philosophy of Religion” by Edward P. Butler. Butler’s writing is notoriously dense and therefore pretty inaccessible for most. However, I think his ideas are thought-provoking and therefore should be made into an accessible post for people to read and engage with. This post by necessity is a bit lengthy but I made sure to include short breakdown summaries for people. That way the ideas contained in this paper should be accessible to many people.

(It’s worth noting now that Butler comes at this with a very particular view of divintity that not all will agree with. So go into this aware of that perspective. However, I hope this will give people something to think about regardless of their beliefs surrounding divinity is.)

In the abstract to his paper, Butler states that he sets out to do the following: Using Neoplatonist* theory, he seeks to establish:

  • that focusing on one deity at a time is not indicative of monotheistic tendencies
  • give guidelines for non-reductive cross cultural comparisons
  • a foundation for a polytheistic philosophy of religion

In addition, while not stated in his abstract, Butler also discusses how syncretic practices preserve the uniqueness of gods, how gods can have overlapping functions, how contradicting myths do not create falsehoods, and lays out the beginning of an historical defense for creating one’s own ‘pantheon’ set up.

* - Neoplatonism is a school of thought from 3rd century Greece. It is hard to give a summary of beliefs but the center of it revolves around the derivation of the many from the One. The One is beyond being and is what makes reality. As such for Butler, the One is equivalent with the divine. From the One and the divine come reality and existence. Other relevant Neoplatonist terms will be discussed through the body of the paper as they arrive.

Keep reading

DOO CENTRAL’S FUN FACT FRIDAYS - THE MULTI-SCOOBY-DOONIVERSE THEORY

Hello everybody! This week’s Fun Fact Friday post is going to be a little different than other posts that I’ve made here on Doo Central. Rather than relay to you all fun facts about the Scooby-Doo franchise, I wanted to pitch an idea. 

About a month ago, I posted on the Scooby Addicts forum about what was the “correct” telling of how Scooby became a part of the gang. There’s actually multiple ways that Scooby came to be a member of Mystery Inc. (a Fun Fact Friday post going into detail about that linked here).  I suggested that all the stories were correct because maybe the entire Scooby-Doo franchise…is a multiverse. 

Yes you read that right. Due to some Scooby-Doo series referencing others and being related as well as the things that don’t add up, I’m suggesting that there are at least eight distinct Scooby-Doo timelines. The following are the names of each timeline:

1) Paranormal Generic Timeline

2) Non-Paranormal Generic Timeline

3) Large Coolsville Timeline

4) Small Coolsville Timeline

5) Crystal Cove Timeline

6) Frankencreepy Timeline

7) Shaggy & Scooby-Doo! Get a Clue Timeline 

8) Be Cool, Scooby-Doo Timeline

I’m going to describe each one and what series/movies exist in them. The time periods of these series/movies aren’t concretely relevant in this look at the timelines. 

Keep in mind that some of these timelines share series and I’ll explain why too. I’ll justify why some of them are grouped together and why some don’t work in certain timelines. So lets get to it!

1) Paranormal Generic Timeline 

This timeline begins with Scooby-Doo, Where Are You. This series is at the heart of many of the timelines solely because it is the most generic and original version of the characters. By generic, I mean that this series doesn’t take place in a particular town. 

The timeline is called the Paranormal Generic Timeline because it deals with real ghosts and supernatural phenomena in more than one instance. This timeline contains Scooby-Doo, Where Are You!, The New Scooby-Doo Movies (which contains a real genie), The Scooby-Doo Show, Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo, the second Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo (which contains all sorts of supernatural creatures/happenings), The New Scooby and Scrappy-Doo Show, and The 13 Ghosts of Scooby-Doo (containing the most powerful ghosts in the world). The TV movies that are also included in this timeline include Scooby-Doo Goes Hollywood, Scooby-Doo and the Reluctant Werewolf, Scooby-Doo Meets the Boo Brothers, Scooby-Doo and the Ghoul School, and Scooby-Doo in Arabian Nights.

The reason these movies fit into the timeline is because they feature paranormal elements such as ghosts and monsters. Another thing that makes the timeline end here is that Scooby-Doo Goes Hollywood sets up how Scooby became a member of the gang. Being revealed to be adopted from Grillo’s Pet Store, this movie isn’t contradicted by another series until A Pup Named Scooby-Doo. This series is the first one to continue on without Scrappy-Doo as a character and is also the first to establish a regular named city.

2) Non-Paranormal Generic Timeline

Don’t let the name of this timeline fool you. It does contain paranormal elements but not until the very end of it. This timeline also begins with Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! and for the most part does not contain any real ghosts or monsters. This version of the first timeline drops The New Scooby-Doo Movies, the second Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo, The New Scooby-Doo Show, and The 13 Ghosts of Scooby-Doo. The only TV movie named in the first timeline that fits into this one is Scooby-Doo Goes Hollywood because it’s the only one that doesn’t have any ghosts or monsters. This timeline doesn’t introduce its first real paranormal elements until Scooby-Doo on Zombie Island which revolves around the gang encountering their very first mystery involving real monsters. The movie also sets the gang to be a little older than they were in the first timeline as they all have adult lives and careers. Their decision to get back together as Mystery Inc. leads them into the Scooby-Doo and the Witch’s Ghost, Scooby-Doo and the Alien Invaders, and Scooby-Doo and the Cyber Chase where they continue to encounter real monsters in an older period of their lives.

3) Large Coolsville Timeline

This is the largest timeline among the eight that I’m discussing in this post. It is the first to establish a real hometown for the gang that will reappear in both TV series and movies. This timeline begins with A Pup Named Scooby-Doo where the gang are a bunch of thirteen year olds in junior high school in Coolsville. The events of Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! take place in their high school years. The Scooby-Doo Show and the first Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo take place right after high school and then we get into their late twenties. Rather than going into their careers as they did in the Non-Paranormal Generic Timeline, this timeline has the gang continue their mystery-solving adventures as they never broke up after school. They own homes in Coolsville and go on road trips and travel the world in What’s New, Scooby-Doo? This series both establishes Coolsville as the home of the gang like A Pup Named Scooby-Doo and contains a flashback to them as kids in the style of that series.

Animated movies that fit into this timeline include every movie between Scooby-Doo and the Legend of the Vampire and Scooby-Doo and the Samurai Sword. In order for this to work, Scooby-Doo and the Witch’s Ghost also exists in this timeline since the gang has met the Hex Girls twice.

The live action 2002 and 2004 Scooby-Doo films (Scooby-Doo and Scooby-Doo 2: Monsters Unleashed) also exist in this timeline but at the very end of it. This is the first time in this timeline that the gang splits up. The first movie isn’t the first time that they’ve dealt with real paranormal activity and the second movie supports this timeline as it takes place in Coolsville. The second movie also features monsters that have existed in the other series that are named in this timeline including Chickenstein from A Pup Named Scooby-Doo.

4) Small Coolsville Timeline

This is a variant of the third timeline as it does take place in Coolsville. This timeline is established by the 2009 live action movie Scooby-Doo! The Mystery Begins which shows how the gang first meets in high school. Its sequel also exists in this timeline. Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! would take place after these movies and veer off into a direction like the Paranormal Generic Timeline except it drops the Scooby-Doo Goes Hollywood movie.

The reason this timeline is different than the third one is because the gang first meets in high school in this timeline rather than knowing each other as kids like in the third one. It would contradict how Scooby came to meet the gang and its continuing into the Paranormal Generic Timeline would depend on the dropping of the Scooby-Doo Goes Hollywood movie because it also contradicts how Scooby meets the gang.

5) Crystal Cove Timeline

This timeline deviates from the third and fourth timelines as it establishes a new hometown for the gang: Crystal Cove. Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! kicks off this timeline and it does contain the first Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo series. It also includes The 13 Ghosts of Scooby-Doo.

Crystal Cove is introduced in Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated and that series definitely supports the idea of multiple universes in the Scooby-Doo franchise. Crystal Cove would also exist in the LEGO Scooby-Doo! Haunted Hollywood movie which then argues that the other LEGO specials exist in the same timeline. The reason the first three series that were named in this timeline are here are because they relate to Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated.

Many monsters are referenced in Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated that are from Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! Scrappy-Doo himself is named as a character in this show as well as Flim Flam which means the other two series I mentioned did happen in this timeline.

The only concern that can be raised about this timeline is the reasoning for Fred and Daphne agreeing not to speak of Scrappy as well as the appearance of the Luna Ghost in the background of the Crystal Cove Monster Museum. The Luna Ghost appears in the 2002 Scooby-Doo film. Perhaps Scrappy and the Luna Ghost are in this timeline for different reasons but as to how, I can’t say for sure.

6) Frankencreepy Timeline

The Frankencreepy Timeline is named such because it contains all the movies beginning with Scooby-Doo! Abracadabra Doo until present day movies aside from LEGO Scooby-Doo! Haunted Hollywood. However, all these movies have to take place after Scooby-Doo! Frankencreepy.

The timeline begins with Scooby-Doo, Where Are You!, The Scooby-Doo Show, and the first Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo. This set of series don’t contain paranormal elements which is a big theme in Scooby-Doo! Frankencreepy. This timeline doesn’t exist without paranormal elements but they happen after Scooby-Doo! Frankencreepy. This movie is also one of the few in the franchise that directly references monsters in the TV series. Those monsters are featured in Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! and The Scooby-Doo Show.

7) Shaggy & Scooby-Doo! Get a Clue Timeline and 8) Be Cool, Scooby-Doo Timeline

These timelines are very small and are no surprise being their own timelines considering they’re often called the black sheep of the Scooby-Doo franchise. They both contain the Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! series within their worlds but go in their own directions. The Shaggy & Scooby-Doo! Get a Clue Timeline explores Scooby and Shaggy’s lives after leaving Mystery Inc. to live in luxury in Shaggy’s uncle’s mansion and fight the evil Dr. Phineas Phibes.

The Be Cool, Scooby-Doo Timeline shows the gang solving mysteries on a road trip after they graduate high school. It’s unclear if they’ve graduated from Coolsville High School or Crystal Cove High School, however some speculate this show could be a sequel to Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated because that series ends with the group going on a road trip. However, Be Cool, Scooby-Doo! does not fit with this series because it negates all drama and relationships established in Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated and isn’t exclusive to a specific town.

Maybe I’m just being a huge nerd looking too deep into this but it’s fun to speculate. The Multi-Scooby-Dooniverse Theory could go even further suggesting each series and movie is its own world and that each comic book goes along with the corresponding TV series. Heck, Scooby Apocalypse is its own world and its just a comic book. 

I hope you guys enjoyed reading this idea of mine and maybe you could expand it further with your own ideas. Think I missed something or am wrong about something? I’d love to hear your comments. 

Also be sure to let me know what you want to learn more about in the Scooby-Doo franchise. A new Fun Fact Friday post is made every week here on Doo Central and I am always looking for new things in Scooby-Doo! 

MCL — Who’s most likely to... (part 3) | Welcome to the university edition

Hello sunshines ! How are you ?

So, September is here, and with it, the back to school moment for many students. But what if it was the first day at the university for our boys ? How would they deal with it ? Time to see it with a “Who’s most likely to” special University. 

Will some of you go back to school soon ? 


Who’s most likely to get lost on the campus ?

  1. Lysander — Obviously. Have you already seen how big and spaced some campus are ? A normal student would be lost in a few minutes, so if it’s Lysander… Leigh or Castiel could maybe come with him the first day, to search on the map and guide him to the good local. But honestly, we all know that Lysander’s punctuality will be challenged during a few months. 
  2. Kentin — So let’s think, apparently there is a building “A”, at the left of the “C”, but the exact same building has multiple (unobtainable) entries, also named with letters, and then you have to check the first number for the floor, then for the local… Wait, it wasn’t on this campus, but on the other one, on the other side of town, who also belongs to the same university ? 
  3. Castiel — He arrives on the campus, totally unprepared and, for once, will regret he didn’t take it more seriously. You could make enter the whole city in those buildings… He will quickly think to check the map, and after a few minutes trying to find a way, will finally be able to arrive without incident in front of the local. Smart boy.
  4. Armin — That boy has an arrogant luck in every situation, you hate him for that. He has absolutely no idea where he has to go, but will meet the good people or arrive in the good building without even having the time to be stressed (and we all know that even with fifty minutes of delay, he still wouldn’t mind). 
  5. Nathaniel — How could Nathaniel be even lost ? (easy, let him find his way in a forest with too much self-confidence) He checked during days on the website, could even have called the secretary’s office, asked on the Facebook page. He did way too much, obviously, but it will work, so, that’s the main thing, right ?

Who’s most likely to be completely terrorized by the teachers’ speed and can’t take note ?

  1. Kentin — Terrorized is a little word. His hands are shaking, he has those puppy eyes during the whole class, looks at least ten times to the other students, can’t breathe normally, already thinks to directly study for the makeup tests. Poor boy, his self-esteem is suddenly undermined and he will really need his friends’ help to accept the idea he is able to do it.
  2. Castiel  He was not prepared for that at all. Why nobody told him he just arrived in hell ? He wanted to seem serious at the university (at least during the first month) but it is apparently compromised. Still, as he finally studies something interesting in his opinion, he will try, and if he still can’t take good notes, will invest in a computer special student, even if it means being conned.
  3. Lysander — The first days, he was impressed, and understood he would have to make efforts to take a good start. But with time, it isn’t such a problem anymore. The fact he handwrites his songs and has to quickly note his ideas to don’t lose it, actually helps him to adapt himself to the speed. At the end of the quarter, he will have quite good notes, well done enough to study with conscientiousness.
  4. Nathaniel — I see Nath as someone who writes really fast by nature, still with a nice handwriting and without spelling mistakes. He will quickly find his abbreviations and symbols. It’s not such a challenge for him, he will not totally understand people like Kentin who have so many difficulties. But as the unofficial teacher he is, he will try to help them to find a way to adjust themselves to the professors.
  5. Armin — He has absolutely not that kind of problems in his mind, because he mostly has an auditive memory. He can sit during three hours in front of his teacher, arms crossed, and still will be able to quickly resume the lesson. He also counts on friendly and (really too) kind people from the first row to have notes when he didn’t pay attention (or wasn’t there at all). 

Who’s most likely to search in advance for the perfect place at the library ? 

  1. Nathaniel — It was one of those clichés he had in his mind when he thought to the university. He needed to discover the place, and as he knows that you have to study by yourself without any delay from the teachers, he will start from the beginning. People see him so frequently that they unconsciously assimilated him to his favourite place, and don’t take it. He is totally the kind to have study breaks with people as assiduous as him, even if they are in completely different faculties and never spoke before.
  2. Kentin — He is actually not made for studying at the library, but he absolutely wanted to try. He’s more impressed by the place, the seriousness of other students, the freakish quantity of books. He will search for a peaceful place, but with months, will understand that more you are close from the exam period, more people decide to invest the library, and you can say bye to all the good seats. 
  3. Lysander — You will see Lysander at the library when there is nobody else, because it’s not the studying period. He likes when it’s calm, peaceful, and all those shelves and books have that effect on him. No stressed and disturbing students. He will probably need a seat near from a window, so he doesn’t see other people (it can distract him). He could also join Castiel for a study group on the grass, when he can afford it. 
  4. Castiel — He goes when he wants. It is as simple as that. He could have a favourite spot, but honestly knows in advance that all seats will already be taken, it’s not like if he was there at the opening, so… When the weather is good, he will stay outside, far away from the civilization, with his music in his ears and a quite relative interest for his syllabus.
  5. Armin — He hates the library. He can’t even understand what people find attractive in this place. There are too many persons, you can’t lay your notes as you want without having a bitter remark from your sit beside, the ambiance is heavy, studious and not funny at all, you can’t do nothing without all those pairs of eyes on you. 

Who’s most likely to integrate a students club ? 

  1. Castiel — Well, okay, there are so many student clubs in a university, that you could absolutely find everything. But clearly, if there is a place made for the party, Castiel will be there. He could be really appreciated by the others, will make some of his best memories with them. 
  2. Armin — A club about a specific passion, or movie, game, … or just to chill out (instead of going to class) with some nice people. He would probably try to insert Alexy and Kentin too, will insist on the fact that you’re not a true student if you don’t join a sorority. Yes, he can be boring in those moments.
  3. Kentin — If people look nice, friendly and open-minded, he could envisage to join them. He wouldn’t be the most participative, will select the events where he wants to go, will be quite shy the first time. He would be more optimistic if he can go with a friend or someone from his classes.
  4. Nathaniel — He doesn’t need to join a group to go to parties or to have a drink with cool people. He is more a guy to join a politic, literature group, probably encouraged by his teachers. Yet, he has no problem trying a night with a club, if one of his friends is there, like Armin. 
  5. Lysander — What’s the purpose ? Okay, in fact, he understands why some people are interested in the concept, but he also claims it isn’t for everyone, and that there is absolutely no shame to not want to join a club. Again, if he learned about some literature or philosophy’s club’s existence, he could look closer, but maybe more for their lectures. 

Global summary | Part 1 — MCL | Part 1 — Eldarya | Part 2 (summer edition) — MCL |

harumisaylasayaka  asked:

How do I explain to my male friend that men and women still aren't equal?? (Are we equal???)

No, were not equal.

I think a major road block with men is that patriarchy/sexism at worst doesn’t affect them, and at best benefits them. It’s something they have internalized and aren’t really aware of. It’s important for them to remember that if your wondering if women are oppressed, he simply can’t look to his own experience. He has to listen to the group in question. And if you talk to a lot of women, they feel the are oppressed. And we notice it, because it impacts our lives directly. Just point to the fact that so many women can relate. I mean, just take the Womens March as an example.  How is it possible that millions of unrelated women have noticed the same problem, and are negatively effected by it enough to protest with strangers all over the world? That is a very telling sign that its not just personal perception, but a systematic problem that transcends cultures, geography, country, race, ethnicity, etc.

He likely won’t just take your word for it though. Lucky for you, there is plenty of proof out there. Show him statistics on rape/sexual assault, sexual harassment, catcalling, female genital mutilation, female infanticide, lack of reproductive access/healthcare, child brides, prostitution, sex trafficking, objectification in media, unrealistic beauty standards, eating disorders, wage gaps, domestic violence. 

Next, he will probably say that these kinds of problems ‘don’t exist in the first world’ or ‘aren’t as much of a problem anymore’. Tell him that, yes, things have gotten a lot better and there has been progress, but that doesn’t mean the problem is over. (also people act like we got our right to vote and enter the workforce EONS ago when it was only a few decades). Tell him that just because something is illegal or taboo, doesn’t mean it has stopped happening or is not a problem. Tell him how, even now, in our supposedly more ‘advanced and progressive society’ that: 

-1 in 4 women will be raped, most don’t report it and when they do the rapists get off easy( community service, 3 month jail sentence, and my personal favorite: “suspended upon graduation”). Tell him that a few years ago, hundreds of universities were put on federal investigation for violation of title IX (mishandling or suppression of rape allegations).

- human trafficking is alive and well in the West, in industrialized countries, all over the world. Tens of thousands of human trafficking cases are reported each year in the United States. 4 out of five victims are girls, most likely underage. 

-Tell him that media, TV, magazines, etc. reinforces unrealistic beauty ideals for women. The average model (the ‘ideal’ beauty) is 5′9-5′11 and 100-120 lbs (most have dangerous BMI’s and meet criteria for anorexia) while the average American woman is 5′4 140 lbs. Tell him that 42% of 1st-3rd grade girls want to be thinner, 81% of 10 year olds are afraid of being fat ,35-57% of adolescent girls engage in crash dieting, fasting, self-induced vomiting, diet pills, or laxatives. Eating disorders are on the rise, estimated at about 30 million, but received much less funding (and eating disorders have highest mortality rate of any psychiatric disease).

Illness                                            Prevalence                    NIH Research Funds (2011)
Alzheimer’s Disease                        5.1 million                     $450,000,000
Autism                                            3.6 million                     $160,000,000
Schizophrenia                                3.4 million                     $276,000,000
Eating disorders                             30 million                      $28,000,000


-physically attractive and thinner women make more money and are considered more intelligent.

-1 in 3 (about 30%) of women who have been in relationships will experience some form of sexual or physical violence from a partner. Estimates of non-fatal domestic violence against women range from 1 million to 4 million a year. The most recent report by the US Department of Justice, which found women suffer 805,700 physical injuries at the hands of partners each year, compared to 173,960 men.

-1 in 3 women ages 18-34 have been sexually harassed at work. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is responsible for enforcing anti-discrimination laws in the US. Almost Three in Ten Cases Before the EEOC Are Sex Discrimination Cases 31

-In the United States in 2010, 1,095 women were killed by husbands or boyfriends, accounting for 37.5% of female murders.

-Women are less likely to be hired or promoted( there have been dozens of studies in multiple fields of different levels that hand out identical resumes that only differ in gender/name). There is sill a wage gap in the united states in most professions. This wage gap is worse for women of color.Women working 41 to 44 hours per week earn 84.6% of what men working similar hours earn; women working more than 60 hours per week earn only 78.3% of what men in the same time category earn (Bureau of Labor Statistics, cited in Hilary M. Lips, “The Gender Wage Gap: Debunking the Rationalizations”). Contrary to this claim, one Harvard University researcher found that men have an average net worth of $26,850, compared to an average of $12,900 for women.

-Women hold just 4 percent of CEO positions at S&P 500 companies. Women make up just 19 percent of the U.S. House of Representatives.. They comprise 20 percent of Senate seats.

-There’s a particularly well-documented gender gap in the treatment of pain. Even though women are more likely to suffer from chronic pain — fibromyalgia, for instance, almost exclusively affects women — they’re less likely than their male counterparts to receive appropriate treatment for it. Multiple studieshave found that medical interventions to manage pain, ranging from knee surgeries to opioid prescriptions, are less likely to be recommended for female patients. This approach toward female patients fits into a long history of attributing women’s behavior to mental health disorders

-Most drugs are clinically tested on male bodies. Androcentric thinking in science sees the male body as default, and the womans reproductive cycle as an ‘extraneous, complicating’ variable. This leaves women bodies to be guinnie pigs in the market. And some drugs, especially psychiatric drugs, have been proven to work differently in women bodies 

-Girls are more vulnerable to incest and child sexual abuse, especially by fathers and step fathers. 

-Womens bodies are constantly trying to be controlled. And most of the people enacting policies and laws are old, white men. They usually have straight up false information about women anatomy and the mechanisms of birth control, abortion, etc. (Lawmaker who called pregnant women a ‘host’ pushes bill requiring fathers to approve abortion, Republican Congressman Todd Akin said Victims Of ‘Legitimate Rape’ Do Not Get Pregnant, Lobbyists claim that IUDs and morning-after pills are more like abortifacients, meaning they kill fertilized embryos)

Things lawmakers have actually said: “If it’s a legitimate rape, the female body has ways to try to shut that whole thing down.”, “Who needs abortion when victims of sexual assault can just get “cleaned out” by a rape kit?”, “abortion is much more serious than rape of children by priests.” x.)

Coverage for birth control is actively opposed

-More than half of states in the US — 26 total — provide “severely restricted access,”. 20 states have bans outlawing specific abortion procedures as early as 12 weeks with no exception to protect a woman’s health. 18 states have state-mandated counseling, which requires telling women who are getting abortions: the ability of a fetus to feel pain, the link between mental health and abortion, require women to get ultrasounds before aborting, etc. 46 states allow individual health care providers to refuse abortion access. 

-Lack of paid maternal leave or support for mothers in the work place. 

-In grade school, teachers are more likely to call on boys in the class room and praise them, give boys more extensive feedback, and use longer wait-time with boys than girls. Research shows that boys are referred for testing for gifted programs twice as often as girls (Orenstein, 1994). Boys are encouraged more than girls to pressure STEM fields. This inequality continues in higher education. Findings suggest that gender and attractiveness may influence the type of authority image that a teacher projects.  This randomized, double-blind study  found that both male and female faculty exhibited a bias against female undergraduate students, evaluating them as less competent, hirable, and qualified, and offering them less funding and mentorship.

-Tell him your specific experiences as a woman. Maybe you’ve been catcalled, mansplained, talked over and interrupted (which studies prove men do more), felt objectified or pressured to conform to beauty ideals.


This list is by no means exhaustive. Tell your male friends that if he thinks sexism is over or a thing of the past, he is willfully ignorant. 

Homeworld and Individuality

To the writers’ credit, the fact that Aqua and the Topazes are coming to Earth specifically for Steven’s friends actually makes sense. It has nothing to do with malice on Homeworld’s part because they’re not trying to target Steven personally. They’re simply extracting humans specified in Peridot’s report, all of which happened to list off people Steven knew personally. Hence, they’re looking for “My Dad” (Greg), and specifically people Steven mentioned because Homeworld is under the impression that these are types of humans, not individual humans with names.

Meanwhile, Homeworld doesn’t seem to have any real sense of ‘uniqueness’ the way humans define it. We see ourselves as individuals to the point where someone who shares our first name can be jarring, while Gems don’t really have “names” the same way we do (their names essentially refer to what gemstone they are, and we already know multiple Gems of the same type exist - even the Diamonds are only really distinguished by color. They only identify individual Gems of the same type by a letter-and-number sequence of Cuts and Facets). 

Maybe that’s part of the controversy over inter-caste fusion in-universe. Gems aren’t used to that kind of uniqueness and it may even be taboo. Fusion is only meant between Gems of the same caste (according to Homeworld) and is only for the purpose of making Gems stronger. Gems don’t even seem to have a concept of “human” individuality and it might even scare them, the same way we’d look at the Gems’ own caste-based identities. Our Garnet, and any other fusions the Crystal Gems partook in, are the only ones to have existed, most likely.

So we just learned a little bit about Gem culture.

Yes, I believe in the multiverse. I believe in bubble theory, parallels, etc. I realize that if there are multiples of me throughout multiple universes they aren’t anything like the life I have. They are me, but not me. They could have the same name but completely different life and interests, and also the other way around.

I do not identify as fictionkin, but I do believe that fictional universes could be nonfictional universes in parallels. For example there could be a parallel where it’s virtually the same Earth but with the existence of urban legends being real. (Like Dullahans, etc.) Yes, of course I am referencing Durarara.

There are endless possibilities for universes, and I believe that though we don’t have a shared consciousness, there is probably more of me throughout. It’s kind of a thought that soothes me when I’m put into depression by the fact that my crush isn’t real. I will never be able to psychically love them, hold them, or interact with them in this realm, but maybe I can in the other parallels. Who knows? Maybe I live in Shinjuku, Japan, in some universe out there? I could be going to Raira and be close friends with the Orihara twins and be part of the Dollars. Shucks, I could be on my PC there and typing up this same rant about someone in this universe. Who knows.

Just a thought.  

Originally posted by kimboltart

Am I the only one who thinks Rick is going to make a loose collection of books in one universe? Like 3-10 for every pantheon? He’s already got Greek, Egyptian, and Greco-Roman under his belt and the slim possibility for a completely Roman backstory on Camp Jupiter and Jason.

He also set up Chinese, Native American, and maybe Latino mythology in his Greco-Roman series. He hinted in the Egyptian series that it was connected with the Greek and Greco-Roman world as weal as in multiple crossovers.

He’s got an official Norse series coming up that has a main character with the same last name as a main character in the Greek and Greco-Roman books.

It would be easy to create this kind of avengers Marvel universe were their still separate story’s but there all connected and hinted to coexist and sometimes meet each other and just be badass’s together.

I also think that Nico has met all of them and is just hiding it from everybody. He could’ve easily run into a lot of people when he was learning how to shadow travel. Come on, look me in the eye and tell me you have never thought about Anubis and Nico being bros.

anonymous asked:

can you tell me a bit about wakfu and what language i should watch it in?

DEFINITELY in the original French. The English dub is absolutely horrible lmao

but basically: Wakfu is set in a fantasy universe. the story starts when a retired enutrof (a species that r basically all bounty hunters) named alibert retires to open an inn. on that day, he finds a baby - one he is told to raise with love and care, for he’ll be important one day. that boy is yugo.

over a decade later, yugo is happily living with a alibert when he discovers that he has the ability to create portals (yes, think like the game Portal). the village he lives in is then attacked multiple times that same day, and yugo ends up rounding up a group of people to save the day. these ft. ruel (an enutrof that’s like an uncle figure 2 yugo), amalia (a sadida princess, aka plant ppl), her lady in waiting evangelyne (a cra, aka elf ppl), and tristephin/dally/percedal/pinpin, an iop (typically unintelligent race known for brawn instead) with a demon-infested sword.

together with alibert, they face a clockwork villain named nox who can mess with time, and defeat him - unfortunately leaving alibert down for the count. the five set out to find yugo’s biological family, both bc of a message that says to + to get answers - while in the background, unbeknownst to the heroes, nox is sucking the life force, aka the WAKFU, from living things in order to power…….

something.

that’s basically the plot of the first season w/o giving any spoilers!! it’s really good imho, there’s two seasons + ovas, and there’s a third season coming out soon!!!

there’s also a spin-off series called ‘dofus: the treasures of kerubim’ which is about an ecaflip (cat ppl) named kerubim and him telling stories to his son + others abt how he got all the variety of treasures he has. it’s v cute (w/o an overarching plot, too) and has canon lesbians!! This series takes place abt 1000 years before wakfu, iirc - but one of the main characters, joris, shows up in wakfu.

finally, the movie dofus book I: julith just came out last year and it takes place after dofus but (long) before wakfu. the main character is joris and it helps to show how he got to the character he is in wakfu. (tho there’s definitely more than just that in the movie, lmao)

i think it’s a rlly underrated series and if you decide to check it out, please tell me!! 💜✌️

sisterofiris  asked:

Hi! May I ask for advice on studying Akkadian (and Mesopotamia in general)? I'm an Ancient Greek student seriously considering taking more classes in the Mesopotamia department next year, but although it's a subject that interests me a lot, I don't know much about studying the language. How difficult is it? What should I expect? Any other tips? Thanks in advance :) I really enjoy your blog by the way, it's always nice to see your translations of ancient texts on my dash!

First, lucky you for having a Mesopotamia department at your university!  I totally encourage you to take a class or two about the culture, history, or religion, whether or not you study the language; the durability of clay tablets means that we know a lot more about Mesopotamia than most ancient civilizations, and its cultural heritage is really rich.

As for studying the Akkadian language, my answer is twofold.  Akkadian (a.k.a. Ancient Babylonian) is a Semitic language, like Hebrew and Arabic, so if you know one of those, it’ll help.  Just like knowing English helps with learning ancient Greek, you’ll come across root words that you already know, or grammatical features that work the same way.  If you’ve never studied any Semitic languages, then it’ll be more challenging, but it’s definitely an achievable challenge.  After all, if Babylonian five-year-olds could speak Akkadian, so can you. :-)

The tricky part comes when you shift from Akkadian as a language to cuneiform as a writing system.  Unlike English, Greek, Hebrew, and Arabic, cuneiform is not an alphabet; Akkadian cuneiform isn’t even a simple syllabary.  There are hundreds of cuneiform signs, and almost all of them have multiple meanings; the same sign could potentially mean several syllables, different entire words (ideograms), or a determinative (a silent sign that tells you about the word that follows, sort of like capitalizing a person’s name), and the only way to figure it out is from context.  There’s a reason that being a scribe was a respected occupation that took years of study.  Of course, the additional complexity also means that cuneiform has the potential for wordplay and literary cleverness that simple alphabets don’t allow.

Different universities teach Akkadian differently.  Some of them introduce you to cuneiform from the beginning, while others teach you the basic language in transliteration, then progress to cuneiform in later semesters.  For an undergrad beginner, I honestly think that the latter approach is better, since it lets you dive into reading actual texts more quickly, but your university probably only offers one or the other.  If you are learning cuneiform from the beginning, then my advice is to use flashcards (SO MANY FLASHCARDS) and be patient.  Decoding a line of cuneiform can be a lot like solving a rebus puzzle; the effort can be frustrating, but when everything clicks into place, it’s such a rewarding feeling.

Does that help?  I’m happy to answer more questions, publicly or privately!

Jasper is freaking the heck out over “the power of Rose Quartz” being used.

Something tells me that she’s a very old Gem who knows exactly how the rebellion went. Peridot didn’t know what the Crystal Gems are. Jasper… does. Or at the very least knows the name Rose Quartz.

But… If there’s multiples of the same Gem… then… GAH, I don’t even know.

anonymous asked:

How does this actually have anything to do with Heathers at this point aside from the names?

There are characters put into different situations. If we do our jobs properly, the characters should have in character responses to situations they’d never be in when in their own, normal canon.

An AU isn’t necessarily a reimagine of plot-lines that were in original canon, but an alternate universe where characters have different lives, different experiences, but are still the same characters. It can be a reimagine or mostly follow events, or mirror events, but it’s not necessary.

An AU doesn’t need to utilize every character and doesn’t need to follow the original plot-line, it just needs to have (hopefully) in character reactions for whatever characters are used. This one just so happens to (mostly) remove a number of characters. That doesn’t mean it has nothing to do with Heathers anymore. It’s more than names, it’s multiple characters.

iwachann  asked:

9 and kinkunikage

things you said when i was crying

They were never going to go to watch that game, this much is clear. The loss is too fresh, too newly scabbed-over for Kindaichi or Kunimi to subject themselves to. Though they were given permission to skip school for a day and watch Karasuno take on Shiratorizawa, Kindaichi has been vocal about his inability to subject himself to that, and Kunimi quickly agrees.

It surprises Kindaichi and Kunimi both when they arrive at practice the next day to the announcement that Karasuno has defeated the nemesis that not even their most powerful senpai could beat.

Karasuno has just won. He has won. The insurmountable monolith of Ushijima Wakatoshi has been conquered by a band of misfits in ancient uniforms and not even a full roster. Maybe Kageyama really has been smarter about volleyball than the rest of them this whole time, if he chose this school over a much more prominent Aobajousai.

Kindaichi doesn’t care to think about whether Kageyama would’ve ended up at Seijou, also, had they not fallen out. It’s a subject he and Kunimi don’t talk about. Not anymore

Keep reading

anonymous asked:

I get and fully accept Otherkin. But Fictionkin really confused me. Please help me understand how someone can literally be an anime character a person created a year ago. How can they literally BE an anime character? And how do they explain other people who are kin of that anime character? I see really negative posts about hating on people who are the same fictionkin type. Would the fact that this is even possible not disprove the entire consent? How can 20 people LITERALLY be Sasuke?

Most fictionkin attribute their identities to the multiverse theory. Essentially, the idea that there are countless parallel universes. If there are countless ones, then there could be countless variations of the same world. This also allows for the possibility of our fictional worlds actually existing, OR for there to be universes that maybe aren’t exact to our fictional ones but are incredibly close so we can consider them basically the same. This would explain how one could be a character if the soul migrated between the universes. In addition, it accounts for multiples because you’d have multiple Sasukes spread throughout multiple different worlds. This isn’t the only explanation but it’s by far the most common from what I have seen. (I just want to state that I honestly didn’t learn about fictionkin until last year so I am no expert. my experiences are from what I’ve read so that may not be the best sample size, so to speak.)

Some fictionkin also come to kinda of “absorb” the name fictionkin. Using an old example from another blog, let’s use Twilight Sparkle. Say an individual is already identifying as a purple alicorn and has a personality like Twilight’s. They discover she exists so they kind of adopt her as what they are because their identity is already so close to being Twilight, they see themselves so clearly reflected, they basically are her. It’s a good way to sum up who and what they identify as and easier than saying “purple alicorn with a love for magic and reading” because people already know who the character is.

usually, people are uncomfortable with meeting others who identify as the same character because it would feel awkward and surreal (to put it lightly) to meet someone who is basically claiming to be them. This can unsettle one’s view of reality. Not all fictionkin dislike meeting people who share their fictiotype; usually it’s caused by people already having an issue with reality or their sense of identity and fear it being disturbed. (At least from my experiences and what I’ve seen on here.)

-Mod Badger

2

hyperionhero presents: Silent Hills P.T. theories

Theory 01: Silent Hills is about multiple/parallel universes.

“The playable teaser implies that you’re wading through a fallout of a terrible crime. Namely, the murder of one unlucky family. That’s the kind of thing for which someone might be banished to their Silent Hill guilt dimension. The endless looping of the hallway suggests a kind of inescapable purgatory, while the multiple, slightly different, variations of the same hallway suggest parallel, similar universes.”

aesterea  asked:

(hey it's maddcastle!) do your paras have any catchphrases or unique quirks/habits? and so you have any multiple paras with the same name? like i have three jason's in the same universe haha

Hello I love your blog btw! I wish my paras had catchphrases but now that I think about it I want to make some😂Mason’s habit I guess is that he zones out all the time with a dumb look on his face. 3 of my paras have the name Rose, her mother, Audrey’s name is Audrey-Rose, and her daughter. I also reuse Eliza’s last name King for paras in other universes since I’m bad at making up last names😂

//When you’re to tired to think up a reason, why fellow autobots aren’t captured by the military, that you start to mix two verses backstories together; so now you’re too confused but also too tired to deal with it.

I had Will as a retired army ranger in one of Hotshots and Will’s rps and now i’m not sure if that one and the first meeting one are both are taking place in the same universe but at different times. So then I panicked went back and changed the verse name and now he’s a mechanic who got dishonorably discharged from the rangers for failing to obey multiple orders.

It’s a mess. Ignore me.

inhuman-being  asked:

Please, can you update the Insecure Stiles tag? Thank you so much for your hard work!!

thank

Life imitates art, right? by countrygirlsfun (1/1 | 3,179 | G)

Stiles is practicing.

Surprise, surprise. He’s the lead dancer in the new ballet rendition of The Little Mermaid and they open in just over a week so it’s not unusual that he’s putting in extra hours.

To be honest he needs the hours in the studio alone to finally get away from all the tension between him and Derek and Kate.

Interdimensional Invisible Strings by captaintinymite (augopher) (6/6 | 13,731 | R)

Everyone had a soulmate, tied to them by an invisible string of fate. When they met the one to whom they’d been tied, the red mark would appear around their left pinkie, and just about everyone had their mark before they turned thirty.

Derek was almost thirty-five when he woke up with a driving need to find someone named Stiles. He just had no idea his soulmate would take searching multiple parallel universes to find.

in the shallows by cnomad (2/? | 9,184 | PG13)

Stiles and Derek were two sides of the same coin, they were cut from the same cloth, they were every other cliché out there for two people who made the same mistakes over and over and over again no matter how many times they fucked up.

The Sound of My Heartbeat by Enirehtacelad (1/1 | 7,002 | R)

Stiles walls were crumbling, and he doesn’t know how to rebuild them.

Or the one where the Sheriff is an abusive asshole, Scott’s dumber than usual, Stiles is oblivious, and Derek might actually be doing something right for once.

Failing Potions by AlexTheShipper (1/1 | 1,198 | G)

Stiles is making a potion in Derek’s kitchen, when Derek decides to poke around. The result should be a love potion, but it doesn’t seem to have done anything.

Scott’s Jeans by NotYourKhakis (1/1 | 2,391 | PG13)

Pillow talk between Derek and Stiles. Stiles insecurities (what a surprise). Fluffy nonsense.