Many humanitarians, however, were eager to use British power to do good, and they constituted a significant lobby. Anti-slavery was the most urgent cause. When in 1814 Castlereagh successfully pressed the French to agree to abolish their slave trade in five years’ time, this delay was denounced as the “death warrant of a multitude of innocent victims” and a huge national campaign was organized, claiming 750,000 supporters. Wellington tried to renegotiate the treaty, and the government put pressure on its allies Spain and Portugal, the main slave-buying nations, to stop the trade. Castlereagh wrote: “You must really press the Spanish…there is hardly a village that has not met and petitioned.” London even asked the Pope for support. Castlereagh persuaded the reluctant Great Powers to attach to the Treaty of Vienna (1815) a condemnation of the slave trade—the first such “human rights” declaration in a major international treaty. This began a long effort to end slaving, against the resistance of the slave-trading and slave-holding nations and their African suppliers.
Campaigning peaked in 1833 with more than 5,000 petitions, containing nearly 1.5 million signatures. One, more than a mile long, was signed and sewn together by women, who played an unprecedented part in the campaign, among them Elizabeth Heyrick, author of Immediate, Not Gradual Abolition (1824). Parliament responded in 1834 by emancipating 800,000 slaves in the empire, paying a huge £20m in compensation to the owners—equal to a third of the state budget—and requiring a four-year “apprenticeship” by slaves. This was thus a compromise measure, but still its anniversary was publicly celebrated annually by American abolitionists as a great achievement. In 1843 British subjects were forbidden to own slaves anywhere in the world. The abolition of slavery in the empire in practice applied to slave ownership by whites. Greatly affected was the Cape Colony, one of the most rigid and oppressive slave societies in history. The “Boers” (Dutch-speaking settlers) responded by trekking out of British territory, outraged that black people were “placed on an equal footing with Christians, contrary to the laws of God.” Traditional forms of servitude remained endemic in Africa and Asia, however, and in places still remain; and colonial authorities were very cautious about tackling them.
Even when other states agreed to outlaw slave trafficking—sometimes (as with Spain and Portugal) with compensation paid by Britain—they commonly winked at evasion. So the Royal Navy placed a permanent squadron from 1808 to 1870, at times equal to a sixth of its ships, to try to intercept slavers off West Africa. It was based at Freetown, the capital of the colony for freed slaves at Sierra Leone, which had the first African Anglican bishop, Samuel Crowther, rescued as a boy from a slave ship by the Royal Navy. Patrolling was a thankless and gruelling effort, exposing crews to yellow fever, hardship and even personal legal liability for damages; it also cost a large amount of taxpayers’ money. France and the United States refused to allow the Royal Navy to search ships flying their flags. There was continual diplomatic friction with slave-trading states. British officials there were often threatened with violence. During the 1830s and 1840s several American ships forced by bad weather into British colonial territory had the slaves they were carrying released. In 1839 in the famous case of the slave ship Amistad, when captives rebelled and killed the captain, British testimony proving illegal action by American officials helped to secure their freedom. A serious dispute with the United States occurred in 1841 when American slaves on the ship Creole, being taken from Virginia to be sold in New Orleans, seized the ship and killed a slave-trader. They were given asylum in the British-ruled Bahamas, where they were acquitted of any crime and declared free.
Britain signed forty-five treaties with African rulers to stop the traffic at source. They were very reluctant to give it up, even threatening to kill all their slaves if they were prevented from selling them. In several cases, Britain paid them to abandon the traffic. Abolitionists urged that Britain should maintain a territorial presence in West Africa, to combat illegal trafficking and promote legitimate commerce, such as palm oil, to wean African rulers and Liverpool merchants away from slaving and towards soap manufacture—a good example of cleanliness being next to godliness. By 1830 palm oil exports were worth more than the slave trade. But the trade continued, and the Royal Navy adopted more aggressive tactics, including blockading rivers and destroying slave pens on shore, even when these were foreign property. In 1861 it occupied Lagos, deposing the ruler who refused to stop the trade, and thus blocked one of the main slave routes. Over sixty years the navy captured hundreds of slave ships off the African coast and freed some 160,000 captives. As one recalled it:
They took off all the fetters from our feet and threw them into the water, and they gave us clothes that we might cover our nakedness, they opened the water casks, that we might drink water to the full, and we also ate food, till we had enough.
Several hundred thousand more were prevented from being shipped from Africa by naval and diplomatic pressure.
Palmerston, as Foreign Secretary, was prepared to put pressure on slave-buyers too. In 1839 he simply ordered the seizure of Portuguese slave ships, and in 1845 his successor, Lord Aberdeen, declared Brazilian slave ships to be pirates, and 400 were seized in five years. In 1850 the Royal Navy even forcibly entered Brazilian ports to seize or destroy hundreds of slave ships—decisive in forcing Brazil, the biggest slave-buyer of all, to end one of the largest forced emigrations in history. Palmerston said this had given him his “greatest and purest pleasure.” Cuba, supplied by fast United States ships, came under similar pressure. But American ships were treated more cautiously, as searches of suspected slave ships carrying the Stars and Stripes caused threats of war from Washington. As Palmerston expostulated, “every slave trading Pirate” could escape by simply hoisting “a piece of Bunting with the United States emblems.” The American Civil War caused a reversal in American policy in 1862, when Abraham Lincoln’s government signed a secret treaty allowing the Royal Navy to intercept American slavers. The Spanish and Cuban authorities bowed to circumstances, and the Atlantic slave trade was effectively ended. Slavery itself remained legal in the United States until the 1860s, and in much of Latin America until the 1880s. As late as 1881 the Royal Navy arrested an American slave ship off the Gold Coast.
The British campaign against the slave trade has often been debunked. French and American slave-traders accused Britain of using it as a pretext to try to gain control of West Africa, Cuba, even Texas. Some later historians claimed that slavery ended only because it was no longer profitable. But recent research is practically unanimous that slavery was booming, and it would have been in Britain’s economic interests to expand it, as the United States did. But Britain was rich enough to let its powerful humanitarian and religious lobby get its way.
Did Britain—another accusation at the time and since—use the slave trade as a pretext for colonial expansion in Africa? In fact, successive gov-ernments were reluctant to rule inhospitable and relatively profitless territory, and movement inland was negligible until the late-nineteenth-century “scramble for Africa.” The exception, which involved campaigns against the aggressive slaving kingdom of theAsante (Ashanti)—a magnificent and exceptionally cruel warrior society—was done at the request of Africans on the coast, who were subject to repeated attack from the 1820s onwards and requested British protection. Central Africa meanwhile was being devastated by Muslim slavers supplying the Middle East. The Foreign Office estimated that they were taking 25,000–30,000 people per year during the 1860s, and the nineteenth-century total has been estimated at between 4 million and 6 million people, huge numbers dying as they were dragged across the Sahara or to the coast, and many others being killed in the violence of capture. British anti-slavery groups—inspired by the adventures and writings in the 1850s and 1860s of one of the most revered Victorian heroes, the working-class missionary and explorer David Livingstone—demanded government intervention in what Livingstone had rightly called the open sore of the world. He hoped optimistically that a “Christian colony” of “twenty or thirty good Christian Scotch families” would lead to moral and commercial improvement and would put an end to slavery. Instead, a long diplomatic effort was required to throttle the trade, by persuading African rulers to stop supplying and Muslim states to close the great slave markets of Egypt, Persia, Turkey and the Gulf. Britain had far less power to act directly in the Muslim world, where slavery had ancient social and religious sanction, so action had to be discreet. The consul-general at Cairo in the 1860s, Thomas F. Reade, spied out the Egyptian slave markets disguised as an Arab. He estimated that 15,000 Africans were sold in Cairo annually, and reported on “the cruelties and abominations” involved. Other diplomats were active in helping escaped slaves, including by purchasing their freedom with official funds, and the consul in Benghazi maintained a safe house for escapers at his own expense. British interference in the slave trade—however cautious Whitehall tried to be—could cause serious tensions and even led to mass uprisings in Egypt and the Sudan. However, careful but persistent high-level pressure on the Egyptian, Turkish and Persian governments to forbid the trade, backed up by naval patrols, treaties and even bribes to officials to apply the law, eventually had considerable effect. Pressure and financial inducements to the sultan of Zanzibar (a vast slaving entrepôt) shut its slave market in 1873. Pressure on Egypt resulted in an Anglo-Egyptian Convention of 1877 to end the trade, and in 1883 a similar convention was signed with the Ottoman government. Further afield, the navy even patrolled off Australia to stop “blackbirding” (bringing quasi-slaves from Fiji and other Pacific islands) for the sugar plantations of Queensland.
Britain pressed for the insertion of an anti-slavery agreement in the 1885 Berlin Act on the partition of Africa, though it was notoriously unequally applied. As a Foreign Office official noted in 1896, Britain, “with small military means,” could only govern “countries full of Arabs…with the assistance of the Arabs.” Moreover, the partial abolition of slavery was no panacea—indeed, it gave rise to other social and economic problems. There was a huge multiplication of indentured labour, particularly of Indians shipped to theCaribbean and Africa, who were also highly exploited. Suppressing the slave trade meant at first unsaleable slaves being held by African rulers, and treated even more cruelly. Generally, the British stopped slave trading and abolished slavery as a legal status in territories they controlled in Africa and India (often with financial compensation to the slave-owners), so that slaves could free themselves—which many did. The colonial official Frederick Lugard claimed that 55,000 became free without violence in northern Nigeria between 1902 and 1917. Gradual abolition weakened the brutal hierarchies of slave-owning societies, indirectly benefiting women and the young. The fact that emancipation was supervised by “alien and disinterested authorities” smoothed the process.
hi~~ sooooooo my tumblrnniversary is coming up on the 28th, &&& to thank all of you 🙇🏻😭 i’m opening up my askbox for request, so from now onwards please do drop me a request on myaskbox ☻ and simply send me your stan/otp & an emoji and i’ll make a special gif or gif set for you heheh (be surprised~~ 🙈🙈🙈) thank you guys 🙇🏻🙇🏻🙇🏻
I’M SORRY THIS TOOK ME SO LONG TO GET OUT! I’ve been working a lot and had some complications BUT I FINISHED AND I’M GETTING THEM OUT THANK YOUUU FOR THE REQUEST! (also ily omg) Okay, onward:
“No one asked her to the dance.” Killua’s arm was slung over his face, shielding his eyes from his best friend’s too bright ceiling lights.
“Eh?!” Gon raised his head, chest down on his bed next to Killua. “I thought it was girls choice!”
“That’s a Sadie Hawkins dance, Gon. This is Homecoming.” Killua sighed, having to move his arm from over his eyes as he realized it would difficult to roll them any other way. His head lolled to the side, deep blue eyes regarding the dark haired boy beside him.
It was a school night and Killua knew he should be getting home soon but he’d prefer not to. Sometimes, Gon was the only source of sanity he felt he had, besides Alluka of course.
“N-no one asked her? Are they crazy?!” Gon almost yelled, mouth hanging open and eyes blinking almost several dozen times in a single minute.
Gon was absolutely shocked, flabbergasted as to why no one would ask Alluka Zoldyck, the sweetest and smartest girl he’d ever met, to a dance. Alluka was incredible, and his best friend’s little sister, which meant she was his little sister, too.
Killua, on the other hand, was furious. It made his blood boil that anyone had the audacity to ignore his shining star of a sister, Alluka had cried. He was willing to start putting his fists into people’s faces.
hello dear! It's so good to see you back! I hope things turn better for you from now onwards <3 I'd like to request something, I think I sent it a while ago but the ask was eatten or you had so much work i'm sorry T^T it was something along the lines of the c:r men seducing Cardia at a masquerade ball but concealing their identities; I know masks can't completely disguise them but we can play, and cardia's reaction to strangers wooing her. I leave the setting pre/post good ending to you :D
This is Mod S! ^.^
Don’t worry about anything at all; I apologize for taking so long to answer this headcanon. The original one got lost a while ago because I accidentally deleted the inbox. And Mod Cheshire and I were both attempting to do this request justice but we struggled for a bit. Finally, I think I’m able to answer this in the best of my ability, so I hope it lives up to your expectations… orz
I’ll call this Code: Realize Guys Seducing Cardia at a Masquerade. As always, let us know if there’s anything else you’d want with this, and we’ll fix it. Thanks so much for being patient.
Some Info: All of these take place post good end. Cardia’s reactions are, for the most part, similar because I think regardless of who she was with, having a stranger try and flirt with her when she was with someone else would solicit the same result.
Arséne Lupin: Lupin would put on his mask and sneak up to Cardia, showering her with compliments: “My lady, your beauty is the envy of this ball. Would you care to dance with someone such as I?”. Cardia would look at him for a second, struggle to recognize him, but she would shake her head and politely tell the “stranger” that she was married and waiting to dance with her husband. This would make Lupin smile and laugh, and Cardia would feel incredibly confused. In a hushed whisper, Lupin would say: “Won’t you play along with me, madamoiselle?”. Cardia would furrow her brow in confusion, and Lupin would lift his mask to reveal his face. He’d wink at her, and she would feel silly for not recognizing him or his voice. But go along with Lupin’s game, pretending like they are meeting for the first time.
Abraham Van Helsing: Van would disguise himself just to tease Cardia a bit. He would sneak up behind her and whisper in her ear, “I’ve never seen anyone as beautiful as you”. Cardia would jump and turn around, seeing a man she did not recognize. It would take Van a minute to realize that she didn’t recognize him, but he would find it so fun that he wouldn’t tell her who he was. He’d chat her up, talking about how he was jealous of her lover, and Cardia would just nervously wave him off. Van would ask her to dance, but Cardia would decline, saying she was saving her first dance for her boyfriend. Van would just murmur about how cute she was, and would reveal himself. Cardia would feel a bit silly, but immediately start dancing with him. Van would say, “What did I do to deserve such a stunning and wonderful woman?“
Impey Barbicane: Impey would don his mask and forcibly pull Cardia onto the dance floor, saying he could not resist dancing with such a pretty lady. "You’re eyes are as blue as deepest ocean, and your voice is a beautiful symphony!”; Cardia would just frown and thank him, but strongly say that she is not available and would rather not dance with him. Impey would slyly ask Cardia to describe the person she loves, and Cardia would slowly talk about how sweet Impey is and how talented he is, and how he makes her feel. Though they would keep dancing as they both would get lost in the conversation. Impey would eventually be so touched by Cardia’s affection that he would burst into tears and hug her, saying “MY SWEET CARDIA, YOU ARE A GODDESS!”; Cardia would then realize it was Impey and just roll her eyes.
Victor Frankenstein: While wearing a mask, it would be Victor this time who would act like he didn’t know Cardia in order to tease her. She would recognize him at first, but he would say, “Oh, I’m sorry, have we met? I’m glad we have now though; you’re such a beautiful young lady…”; Cardia would apologize and feel a bit shy, but Victor would attempt to coax her into staying by his side. Cardia would politely refuse and explain that she mistook him for her lover, and that she needs to find him. When Cardia starts walking away, Victor grabs her arm and takes his mask off, telling her he was just teasing. She gets a little frustrated at first, but Victor just says, “I’m sorry, I couldn’t help it! You were so cute…I wanted to hear you praise me more”. Cardia would soften and then force Victor to dance with her as an apology.
Saint Germain: Saint Germain would walk up beside Cardia and start chatting with her about the evening and how it was. Her formal replies would confuse him, and eventually she would say she was hoping her partner would show up soon. Saint G would realize that Cardia had no clue who he was, and he would decide to just go along with it. He would offer to be her partner, and then offer to marry her since he was wealthy. Cardia would immediately decline, saying she was in love with someone else. Saint G would pout and say that he would use magic to turn into her lover, and then he’d take off his mask. Cardia would look scared and confused, but Saint G would explain that he was him the whole time. Cardia would feel a bit silly, but Saint G would say, “To hear you acting so devoted to me makes me love you even more, Miss Cardia.”
Author’s Note: I’ll be placing a line cutting through (near the end) for when the main story will end and an alternate ending will ensue. Link to the other ending will be located after the original. Enjoy!
The light loomed into the dressing room, the wafting redolence resembling that of cluttered red roses and lightly sprayed cologne. Everything seemed absolutely perfect. Even the birds were harmonizing with one another, chirping happy tunes as a gift of congratulations.
You sat in the dressing room, hands covering your eyes a little giggles erupted past your lips. Ryan, within the same room, continued to dress himself with a few little outbursts of ‘hey! stop it!’ whilst he prepared.
“You’re struggling with the tie again, aren’t you?” Silence passed through the room, and an awkward cough followed after. “Oh my God, you’re struggling with the tie. Can I open my eyes and help you?” You asked with a gentle whine, slowly trailing your hands away from your eyes.
“Okay, fine.” Ryan chuckled. You removed your hands from you eyes and watched as he stepped out from behind the dressing station. You smiled at him, bright and proud as he emerged with a tentative grin.
An enormous bug just flew into my room and came at me. I’m not too proud to admit I screamed a little. So could I request a preference of how different characters would react to a gigantic bug flying at you? (And one of them be Sirius ‘cause he’s my fave?) Thanks!
A/N: so sorry for the wait! I hope the bug isn’t still in your room lmao
James would play the protective boyfriend. He’d save you from the bug by whacking it with a fat book or a shoe or something. Afterwards he’d definitely playfully tease you about it though. “Watch out Y/N! The bug’s back for revenge!”
“Shut it, James. It’s just a leaf.” *rolls eyes and laughs*
Sirius would ever-so-heroically carry you out of the room or something. He’s kiss you and claim he was just “taking your mind of the bug”. He’d claim that he carried you from the room because he’s “saving you” but he’s still wary when the time comes to re-enter the room.
When you squealed, his head would’ve snapped up and he’d’ve been ready to fight & protect, but when he found out it was just a bug he’d laugh, trap it in a jar and let it go outside. After that he’d come and cuddle you and offer you some chocolate.
You’d both be out of that room like lightning. You’d both sprint down the corridor and come to a stop at the other end and laugh your heads off at your reactions. You two would just find something else to do that doesn’t involve that room in any way for a while.
Like Remus, Lily would trap it and let it go outside. But first, you two would have a good look at the bug and probably name it. You’d have a running joke about “Henry the Cicada” or something from that point onwards.
“Cas, come on, snap out of it, you’re killing people!” You said shaking your head in disbelief. He was definitely far from the sweet angel that you knew now… He was a monster. The kind you usually put down.
“So?” He said with a smile that made your stomach churn.
“Damn it Cas. It’s taking every ounce of me to not… not…” You stuttered.
“Not what? You really are wasting my time.”
“Not slap you round the face you arrogant little shit.” You felt your eyes go wide at your small outburst. With Cas in this state, who knew what he could do?
“What a brave little ant you are, but you know what more evolved species do to ants?” He rotated his foot a little in emphasis.
“I’m not an ant.” You half snarled as you carefully reached into your pocket for any form of weapon.
“Hm. Maybe not… However, I’m God and you, Y/N, are a nuisance.”
The final teaser to the Luciel dakimakura. This is the final illusration that will get printed on two sides of the dakimakura.
Edit: The official order will be open on September 23rd tomorrow (September 22nd) until October 5th (or whenever the quota is full) and I’ll post more about ordering process when the official order is open. Please be aware that I will /only/ sell the pillow covers, if you need the pillow itself as an extra please message me in details. I will ship from Indonesia so shipping will take about 15-20$ if you live in US or Europe so please keep that in mind. Other regions please ask me for shipping quotes.
Tentative pricing: 42$ (the fixed price will be announced tomorrow) Material: Synthetic Japanese cotton. Size: 150 cm x 50cm
Edit 2: I will only make this in limited number (I will announce the fixed number on this batch tomorrow) Since the interest is so high I will put it now that I’ll only make: - Luciel’s and Saeran’s slot already full from people who reserve. Thank you so much for the interest! From this point onward further requests will be queued and will only listed in case people on the reserve list back away.
I don’t know if I’ll print this for a second run / batch (depends on the demand). The ones who have contacted me on the interested list have priority. So reserve your spot asap!
For those who are on the list, I’ll post everything regarding the ordering process tomorrow so please look forward for the update.
If you have any further questions please send me a message or chat me. Thanks!