online-resources

anonymous asked:

related to that last ask: Every single non-working "dead' furb I've purchased I was able to repair using resources online. They simply sleep really hard and take some work to wake up...

yeah! my kiwi furby was supposedly not working but i got them going with a quick hard boot … life finds a way

Honestly being disabled affects so many LGBT+ people.

In my town there is only 1 bar that has wheelchair access and guess what?! It’s not the gay bar!

Gay bars are also not accessible (the vast majority of the time) to those who are sensitive to bright lights and loud sounds. Example; some people with epilepsy, autism, PTSD, Tourettes, social anxiety, ect.

The pride march I went to last year would not be accessible (reasonably) for someone in a wheelchair or let’s be real, anyone who can’t walk for an hour +. 

The local LGBT+ group I meet up at tries to be accessible but often forgets that if a location has to be changed then the same level of access will almost certainly not apply to the new location.

The LGBT+ friendly bookshop I visited while overseas had a tiny door which barely fit my small wheelchair. There was also a step halfway through the store which meant I only got to view half of the books that were aimed at me. 

A lot of LGBT+ resources online are not set out in a way that people with visual or learning disabilities can easily read, or read at all. 

The LGBT+ community as a whole (not just the disabled members)  need to make a conscious effort to include disabled people where-ever and whenever possible. 

We are just as much a part of the community as abled body/minded people. 

This is 100% okay for able body/minded people to reblog too. 

anonymous asked:

I know you're fielding a ton of "how do I become game" questions, I have some that are very specific. I code for work in C#, PHP and web stuff. I know my way around C++ but I'm not prepared enough to start applying for game gigs. My questions are: 1. Is there a good self service way to indicate what my current skill level is, comparatively against current industry standards? What is "ready"? 2. The best resources and ways to expand my C++/programming knowledge in a constructive way

I always appreciate specific questions. It’s a lot easier to give more specific and useful answers than hand-waving generalizations that are read and forgotten.

1. Is there a good self service way to check my current skill level?

Yes. I suggest trying programming challenge websites like [topcoder.com], [codility.com] and [codewars.com]. Make sure that you’re using C++ as the language of choice. Many of these sites also have lessons geared towards teaching you the concepts you’ll need to know. Do as many challenges as you can, and try to improve in the ways the automated code checkers suggest. There’s a large variety of tasks at each site that you can try tackling, with varying levels of difficulty. I suggest starting with the fundamentals as a refresher and working your way up.

2. Best resources and ways to expand your C++/Programming knowledge

In addition to practicing with coding challenges, I would suggest picking up [Unreal Engine] (which primarily runs with C++ instead of Unity’s C#) and using it to put together smaller projects with a clear set of requirements that you can accomplish. Once you have a clear goal within a scope you’re sure you can reach, you can actually do the tasks and make sure that you can complete them. Once you’ve gotten the correctness part down, you can try submitting your solutions to sites like [Stack Exchange’s code review section] and asking for feedback on the stuff you’ve written.

Remember, the general rules of completing a code task are:

  1. Make it work (It should do what you want)
  2. Make it right (It should handle edge cases gracefully)
  3. Make it fast (It should do what you want quickly)
  4. Make it pretty (Other engineers should not have any trouble understanding your code if you hand it off to them)

Start small and work your way up to bigger tasks as you go.


Got a burning question you want answered?

anonymous asked:

Your knowledge of astrology inspires me to want to learn more. Where/how did you start?

I actually just had this conversation with someone earlier today! I gave her what I considered to be some really good resources for wading in. Where I personally actually started was pretty different, but I’ve come across some pretty great resources since then (unfortunately the best resources I used for my own learning are no longer available online).

  • This article series on basics
  • The Houses and Planets portion of this series of articles by Dana Gerhardt
  • This Youtube channel (Canary Quill Astrology)
  • This Youtube channel (Astrolada is probably the best here in terms of breadth of content, basics are near the bottom of the playlist-list)
  • This Youtube channel (Alyssa Trahan has gone a different direction with her channel lately, but her old videos have a unique and refreshing perspective)
  • This website of one of my favorite Youtube astrologers Nichole Huntsman. (Lada Duncheva is my other favorite)
  • This ABSOLUTELY BRILLIANT blog by Wayman Stewart

The absolute best resources are books of course, and I personally have a lot more online resources that I use, but this is a good jumping off point. It should keep you busy for quite some time. [:

– the first three would be my shortlist recommendation, and then Nichole Huntsman’s website is a really brilliant resource. She’s done an amazing job.

mantententera  asked:

Hey! So I found this page about cognitive disfunction and basically what it does is that it has a program in it that makes other people experience how our brain works so they can understand it better. it's designed for parents of children in grades pre-k through 12, but it can be a fun thing to do to everyone that says our adhd problems aren't true! the page is this one: understood(point) org /en/tools/through-your-childs-eyes/ hope it helps! <3

https://www.understood.org/en/tools/through-your-childs-eyes

Getting a bad teacher is always unfortunate, but you can still learn the material & manage to ace the exams! Even if they don’t teach you anything, they still might have resources you can use, and there are plenty of other ways to take your learning into your own hands.

Get resources from the teacher!

  1. Ask for a textbook to take home. If you don’t have a book or something similar, ask for your own book, an online textbook, or another resource that you can learn from.
  2. Get worksheets and practice problems. Teachers usually have really good resources, even if they aren’t good at what they do. Get relevant worksheets, online recommendations, or other resources.
  3. See if you can get help during free time. Ask your teacher if they have any open hours to get help, or ask specifically if you can go in during your lunch, or before or after school for extra assistance.

Learn from textbooks!

  1. Take very comprehensive notes. If you don’t have a good teacher, you’re going to need to get the material from somewhere, so your notes need to be extremely thorough.
  2. Use supplementary books. A lot of subjects– especially AP classes with standardized exams– have books from publishers like Barron’s, Kaplan, and Princeton Review to help you learn the information.
  3. Make flashcards & extra study tools. Since you don’t have the variety of learning methods you might in a good class, learning in every way you can is even more important to ensure that you do well!

Use online resources!

  1. Check YouTube for instructional videos. If you need to know about it, there’s a fantastic chance that YouTube has it. Standbys include Khan Academy, Bozeman Science, and Crash Course.
  2. Make use of masterposts. If someone has already compiled oodles of resources for you, they’re definitely worth checking out! Plus, if they’re student recommended, there’s a better chance that they’ll be helpful.
  3. Find free questions. Exam boards like the College Board publish questions (and answers!) online, and these are super useful for knowing how well you’re doing.

Ask for extra help!

  1. Talk to older students for tips. If they’ve been through the class before, they usually know what the teacher is missing out and also how to do well.
  2. See if your school has a tutoring programme. Some schools have teacher or peer tutoring programmes where you can get one-on-one help without having to pay for a more expensive professional tutor.
  3. Get a friend to help you. Don’t be afraid to reach out and ask for help! If your friend is a science genius and your physics teacher is atrocious, it’s always worth a shot to ask.

Good luck! You can still do fantastically, and hopefully you’ll have some better teachers next year.

Huge Masterpost

Hi! Just thought I’d compile a list of masterposts that I’ve seen and reblogged on Tumblr. Let me know if any links are dead!


HUGE masterposts:

Writing:

Being a studyblr:

General study tips:

College:

Self-care:

anonymous asked:

I'm really interested in learning Japanese but I'm not really sure where to start with it.

It’s amazing how someone can teach themselves a whole new language by themselves. I self-studied Japanese and never used a textbook. There are so many resources for learning, online and free. You can learn just using the online or free resources listed here and beyond. But where do you start?


First, start with hiragana. There are many ways to learn it.

videos:

Next, learn Katakana

videos:

Next understand more about hiragana like long vowel sounds, muddied sounds, The Small や、ゆ、and よ, the small つ、the long vowel sound with Tae Kim.

Then more with katakana. Learn the long vowel sound and the small ア イ ウ エ オ with Tae Kim again.

Then additional sounds using whatever method helped you learn hiragana and katakana.

Done with all that?  Now, drop romaji. It’s dead to you. A little reluctant? Practice more.

Learn grammar next with vocab and kanji on the side. It’s hard to learn grammar without vocab and it’s hard to learn words without understanding some kanji. I know it’s tough but once you ride it out through grammar learning Japanese becomes much smoother and easier. It’s not as frustrating. It’s so fun.

Grammar

Vocab

  • memrise
  • JLPT N5 vocab list ( recommend learning other JLPT vocab later too)
  • learn the words in the grammar lessons too!
  • Write down new vocab you come across and make flash cards or quizlets to learn them

kanji

Dictionaries

Dictionaries are helpful for vocab and kanji.

  • imiwa?
  • jisho
  • Japanese ( This is my main dictionary)
  • Download Japanese dictionary and Japanese-English dictionary on iPhone in settings, go to dictionary on settings

After all that just keep practicing. Go to your best free resource, your public library and find books in your level, watch videos in Japanese, read manga, watch a film in Japanese etc. 

Also, here’s a good masterpost that also lists other good masterposts and more.

Here’s some miscellaneous advice I want to give beforehand I really hope you'll take:

  • Try using the Japanese dictionary the most, not the Japanese-English one but the completely in Japanese definitions of words one. Use Japanese-English when you can’t understand the Japanese definition to help yourself. I found English words given to define Japanese words seem to be similar words or/and words the Japanese word is usually translated in. It’s hard to really understand the word exactly. To really understand the word I find myself having to read the Japanese definitions. This is literally what I give the most credit for my progress in Japanese. ( some good ones are kotobank and goo辞書 as well as the iPhone one.)
  • Learn loan words. Sometimes they aren’t used like the language it originally came from uses it.
  • Understand what radicals are so you use them to look up kanji. Lots of Japanese dictionaries let you look up by radical.
  • Practice stroke order. I mean my handwriting is messy but a least it’s legible and not as messy as it could be.
  • learn Dialects!
  • Some words use a couple different kanjis. Learn the nuances of using those different kanjis in the word.
  • Read news in Japanese
  • learn the culture. It’s impossible to learn Japanese without understanding the culture.
  • learn kanji by learning how its used and vocab. Here’s a post I made about that. It’s the same one above.
  • Change your phone into Japanese.
  • follow Japanese people’s accounts on social media, whether that’s here on Tumblr, Twitter or Instagram.
  • And lastly, Don’t lose yourself to discouragement. Keep going. I can’t tell you how good it felt to watch Jdrama completely in Japanese or read a whole adult novel in Japanese. I could see anyone getting there too. It takes time but it’s very possible.

Followers, feel free to recommend any resource in the notes:)


がんばって!

youtube

Let’s Cosplay! : Basic Guide to LEDs

LEDs can be extremely fun to work with but purchasing the wrong LED can cause a lot of unnecessary frustrations and wasted cash. The terminology for LEDs and online resources can often be overwhelming and confusing so this guide’s sole purpose is to help break down the fundamental basics to help you better understand what to look for.

Tutorial by:  HatterInsanity
Tutorial Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=axEvKhFehqI

yopizzaislife-blog  asked:

I've learned some HTML and CSS on CodeAcademy, but now I have no idea what to do. I wanna do programming, scripting or coding. What do you suggest I start out with and where to learn it online?

Hi there!

I would exhaust the free online resources as much as you can. Read web development/design magazines and blogs. Download tech podcasts. Try to immerse yourself as much as possible. Nothing you learn will be superfluous; it all helps to build up your vocabulary, which will make learning in the future exponentially faster.

First, try out Ruby. Ruby on Rails is a fairly hot full-stack framework. You’ll be able to do cool stuff like build your own Twitter or Blog or Reddit in a super short amount of time.

This short tutorial lets you try out Ruby for free: http://tryruby.org/

And Codecademy has a free course —

Learn Ruby: http://www.codecademy.com/tracks/ruby

Another really great resource is the Flatiron School’s open source Pre-Work for their Web Dev/iOS immersives. Essentially, they ask students to complete all of this pre-work before beginning their 12-week courses. Much of it is free, but a few subjects require a Treehouse or Code School account. These are pretty inexpensive services, less than a programming book. I highly recommend them, especially Treehouse.

You can see the Pre-Work here: http://prework.flatironschool.com/

If you want to try Treehouse, this link will get you 50% off your first month.

The Pre-Work is divided into Web Development or iOS Development tracks, so pick the one that interests you most, or do both!

I’d recommend learning some JavaScript since it’s essential to know if you want to be a web developer. I’d also recommend building a few sites and playing around with jQuery plugins to learn through trial and error.

I think Learning By Doing is the best way to learn, so the online resources that let you actually build things along with the instructor are SO much better than a dry programming book. Leave the dry books for when you need to delve into a topic on a deeper level. Not for starting out.

Some Fun Stuff to Read / Listen to:

Smashing Magazine: http://www.smashingmagazine.com/

Net Magazine: http://www.creativebloq.com/net-magazine

This Tweek in Tech (TWiT) - http://twit.tv/twit

Lifehacker - http://lifehacker.com/tag/podcast

Gweek - http://boingboing.net/tag/gweek

anonymous asked:

concerning the occult, how do you know which online resources are to be trusted?

maaaan, this is a tough one. 

See, the thing is, this is such an incredibly vast subject, and infinitely adaptable. The exact ways each practitioner works are unique to them. They way I work is not the same as the way my own mother works, even, or even similar. 

Every practitioner has their own spells that they’ve written, and that may work very well for them. They might not for you. This is an intensely personal art. 

But here are some general guidelines. 

1. If they claim to be ‘the one and only true way’, nope out. 

2. If they start going in on how the Abrahamic religions ruined the older, supposedly idyllic goddess worshiping ways, nope out. (COUGH SILVER RAVENWOLF COUGH). Load of bull hockey. 

3. If they start pulling on Native American traditions, nope out, because those traditions are closed.

4. If you see even a hint of a mention of “European folk ways for people of European descent” white nationalist bullshit, nope out hard. And also, if they’re using Norse traditions, let me know which website it was so I can rip into them personally. 

5. If you see someone going on about how if you must never curse anyone ever because Threefold Law, take it with a grain of salt. I’ve cursed dozens of people, all of whom had it coming. Sometimes the universe uses you as a means of karmic retribution against some real dillholes. Nothing wrong with that. However, some of the people who absolutely believe 100% that if you curse anyone you are basically Satan still have some good tips on other stuff.

6. If they are also telling you about how you can learn to levitate stuff with your brain or how crystal children have been sent to save us from sin, back slowly away. 

Generally, apply some common sense and you’ll be fine. 

movinggaribov  asked:

Hi! Do you have any suggestions for good Russian podcasts? Thank you!

Hi! Yes, sure: 

ОЧЕНЬ по-РУССКИ

Russian Made Easy

One Minute Russian

Everyday Russian

Learn Russian|RussianPod101

Learn Russian Step by Step

And my humble Five Minutes podcast for advanced learners: 

Russian Grammar does great job collecting and updating information about the Russian resources. I highly recommend to follow this blog.

Don’t Let Calculus D(e)rive You Mad

I was always one of those people who thought some people were naturally good at math and if I wasn’t one of those people then there was nothing I could do about it. I thought I wasn’t “a math person” and would use that description as an excuse. Is math one of my weaker subjects? Sure but that’s mostly because I let years of bad habits get in the way of my current work. This caught up to me in my first semester of calculus (calc I) at university, where calculus was my worst class. Here’s the thing: if you’re not “a math person” make yourself one. In my second semester of calculus (calc II) I improved my mark by an entire letter grade (something I never thought possible). How? Through hard work and by understanding that I would have to work harder than some people because of my past study habits.


  • Know your pre-calculus well! You will struggle so much if you forget the basics. My prof said not having a good grasp of the basics is the number one reason why students will struggle with calculus. Invest time before/at the beginning of the semester to really review the stuff you learned in high school. (Khan Academy is the best way to review, in my opinion. They have challenge questions you can do for each section. Try a couple of questions for each section. If you can’t answer the question easily, watch the accompanying videos for that section first. Do this for sections you forget or know you struggle with.) Be confident in your basic mental math too, especially under pressure. I wasn’t allowed a calculator on any of my midterms or finals for calc and you don’t want to waste time on easy math that you should know lightning fast anyway.
  • Attend every lecture, especially if you’re even slightly confused. If you’re behind, try not to get even more behind by skipping class (obviously use your own judgement, but don’t skip unless it’s totally necessary). Don’t sit near the back of the class if you know you won’t pay attention.
  • Don’t just sit there and copy down notes. Be attentive in class and follow along with examples the best you can. If you get lost at a certain step in a problem put a star beside it. After class, study and attempt the problem on your own. If you still don’t understand, go to a TA or prof for help. They will be able to provide better help if they can see exactly where you got lost.
  • Keep your notes simple. I would use either blue or black pen for the majority of my notes and use one other colour to emphasize parts of my notes (indicate where I got lost, circle important follows, highlight which section of the textbook the class was at, etc.) Keep your notes neat and leave a gap, if you fall behind during a lecture (just remember to get the notes from someone else later). I also recommend using a grid paper notebook, for when you need to draw graphs.
  • Get a mini notebook! I bought a tiny notebook for cheap and filled it with a (very) condensed version of my notes, throughout the semester. I wrote down common derivatives and integrals, shapes of common graphs, important theorems and formulas, etc. This is especially helpful for calc II, because you’ll have all the necessities from calc I handy.
  • Advice for using Maple for math labs (if this applies to you): Pay attention to tutorials and ask questions. Complete as many assignment questions as you can in the lab/when a TA is present. If you have any other assignment questions to finish up make sure you work on them at least a few days before they’re due, so you have time to ask for help if you need it. Also, Maple can be a stupid program. You could be missing just one number, letter, or symbol and it won’t work. Or you could have it exactly right and it still won’t work (retyping your input in a new worksheet usually helps). To remedy these issues, I would work on assignments with friends and compare what our worksheets looked like. Oh and TAs love if you give your variables funny names or change the colours of your graph, because they’re all nerds (and so are you, so embrace it).
  • Do as many practice problems as you can. Calculus is a class where you learn by doing. Do questions till you understand the concept. If problems are recommended, treat them as if they’re actually due (otherwise you’ll just tell yourself you didn’t have enough time to do any practice problems). My number one mistake was not doing enough practice problems and just assuming I knew how to answer the problem (if you can’t answer the entire question from start to finish, then you don’t actually understand the concept).
  • Please don’t fall behind. Stay on top of things and prioritize what needs to be done (i.e. treat practice problems from the chapter you just learned on equal footing with the lab report you have due – if you treat it as a priority, you will get it done). But, if you do fall really behind, don’t wait until it’s too late to ask for help. Just remember, there’s always something you can do (even if you feel like you don’t know anything and there’s not enough time for any practice problems before your midterm). Identify what you need to learn before you can do anything else (i.e. work on understanding basic integration before you try to do something more complicated like trigonometric substitution) and fit in as many practice questions as you can.
  • Don’t give up! If you don’t understand a concept right away you just have to keep trying! For practice problems, try to find an answer without looking at your notes. If you can’t figure it out from there, look in your lecture notes and textbook for any relevant formulas, examples, or similar questions. Try to answer the problem again. If you get it, be sure to fully complete another practice problem without any outside references. If you can’t figure out an answer then you should seek help from another person!
  • Don’t forget everything you learned at the beginning of the semester – review, review, review! Check out this explanation on the curve of forgetting. If you continually review what you learned, for only short periods of time, you will remember so much more and save yourself time in the end!
  • Utilize the resources available to you. I have a list of online resources at the end of this post, but don’t overlook what’s right in front of you. Go to your prof’s office hours, ask a TA for help, and take advantage of any tutoring or study groups. My uni has a math and science centre where upper year students are always available to help other students with practice problems. If you join a course union, they sometimes offer free tutoring.
  • Study in a productive environment. This varies by person but personally I need a quiet environment, with ideally no noise or only instrumental music, bright/natural lighting, and nothing to distract me (I hide my phone and only have one pen or pencil out). If you like to listen to music when you study, math is one of those subjects where you can listen to music with words.
  • Improve your test-taking skills. (1) On an exam, understanding a concept is no use if it takes you forever answer the question. Do lots of practice problems till you immediately know how to answer any kind of question. Speed can be key on exams. (2) My strategy is to flip through the exam booklet as I get it. I answer the questions I can do easily, first, and leave the really difficult ones till the end. (3) Show all of your work! Don’t lose marks because you didn’t show all of your work. (4) Expect your exams to be challenging and prepare accordingly. Overlearn the material. Prepare specifically for the exam by completing past exams/practice exams in an environment that mimics the test-taking environment.
  • Get every mark you can, because the little marks make a big difference. If you don’t know how to answer a question on an exam, write down any formula or theorem that could relevant. If you try to figure out a solution and know that it’s most likely incorrect, but don’t have enough time/knowledge to find the correct answer, just leave your work there (don’t erase it). There’s always a chance you could be on the right track or nice markers will give you a point or two for trying. Something is always better than nothing.
  • Focus on the applications of calculus (it’ll make the semester a whole lot more interesting)! A physics major won’t necessarily use calculus the same way a bio or chem major might, but that doesn’t mean some calculus isn’t useful for all of those majors to know. I’ve always planned to major in biology and looking ahead at classes I will need calculus for biostatistics and genetics classes. Never tell yourself something isn’t useful because then you’ll never treat it like it’s useful. Also, my prof taught a whole lecture about how calculus could be used to account for all the variables that could affect population if a zombie apocalypse ever happened, so obviously calculus has at least one really important use :)

Resources

A bit of advice: These are called resources for a reason. It’s okay once in a while to use some of the resources to find a full solution for a practice problem, but don’t abuse it. It is so so easy to just look up the answer but you’re only hurting yourself in the end.

  • Desmos (Online graphing calculator - I’ve made it through so far without actually buying a graphing calculator)
  • Khan Academy (Step by step videos and practice questions! You can go your own speed with the videos! My top recommendation!!!)
  • Paul’s Online Math Notes (If your prof doesn’t provide you with decent lecture notes, these ones are great!)
  • Symbolab (They have a calculator for derivatives, integrals, series, etc. and I like the way they split up the steps to solve.)
  • Slader (find your textbook on here and they’ll give you all the solutions to questions!)
  • Textbooks: I used the Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals (8th edition, by James Stewart) and it was awesome. The way it was set up and all the examples really helped me (I just wish I had used it more)
  • This post by @quantumheels is seriously fantastic (and she has lots of good advice for other topics too, one of my favourite blogs)



My Other Posts:

AP lit tipshigh school biologyhow to ace intro psychorganization tipsphysics doesn’t have to suck: how to enjoy and do well in your required physics classesrecommended readsreminders for myselfusing your time wisely on public transportwhat i learned from university (first year)what i learned from high school


anonymous asked:

Hey! I absolutely love your art and scrolling through your blog :) You're one of my role models in art! I'm hoping to learn how to draw myself. How did you get started and what can I do to improve (my art just barely exceeds stick-figure quality)? Thanks and keep doing what you're doing!!

Hi Anon, thank you so much for the compliment and for the ask!!

Here are some advice I can share with you based on my experience in drawing:

  • If you don’t know where to get started, you can first study how others draw. You may already have a list of several artists you like and want to draw like them, so you can observe how they draw faces, poses (anatomy), expressions, backgrounds etc, as well as how they line, shade or colour, whichever component you want to focus on. Remember that it’s perfectly fine to use references as long as you’re learning something from them in the process.
  • At the same time, I highly encourage you to experiment and draw things out of your comfort zone from time to time. It’s good (and fun) to learn how to draw like your favourite artists but it’s also important to develop your own unique style that you’re comfortable with. 
  • Try to draw frequently regardless of the quality of the outcome. Even doing small doodles will make a difference to your skills if you’re doing it every day. Practice makes perfect!
  • I personally did not study theories on art like lighting, composition or colours, but I’m sure having those knowledge will prove useful to you while drawing. You can look up for tutorials on them if you are interested.

As for how I got started, I attended watercolour classes when I was small where I mostly drew landscapes. I self learnt drawing humans and digital art. Being a hobbyist I usually just draw whatever I want, so I get hooked up on anime/game series and draw my favourite characters 3678947842 times :’D

For your reference, here is a list of art masterposts that you will find useful (courtesy of this masterpost):

Not sure if they’re included in the list above, but here are more tutorials that you may also find useful:

Have fun drawing!!!

Why I don’t like romanization

I spend a lot of time on the internet, and most of that time is split between watching Youtube videos and interacting with other language learners, particularly Korean learners. There’s a chatroom that I especially hang around in a lot, and every now and then someone looking to get in to learning Korean from step 1 comes in. When they ask for resources and advice, the first thing that I tell them to do is to learn Hangul by sight and sound, avoiding romanization (writing Korean words in the Roman alphabet) as much as possible. I usually link them this video because it doesn’t use romanization like most learn-Hangul sources.

So, what’s the deal with romanization and why is using it so bad? Today I’ll focus on what exactly romanization is and why I am so very against its use as a tool for learning Korean pronunciation.


Romanization—What is it?

Romanization, as I have already mentioned above, is using the Roman alphabet to write Korean words (for example, writing “annyeong” or “anyong” or anything else instead of “안녕”). Reliance on romanization is bad for learning Korean for a few reasons, including lack of adherence to the standard, differences between speakers, and ultimately its failure to accurately match the actual sounds of the Korean language.

There is an official romanization standard for Korean called “Revised Romanization of Korean.” Revised Romanization of Korean (from here on out, RR) is the standard that has been in place since 2000, introduced as a way to fix some problems with an earlier system… and yet this one also, in my opinion, is very unsatisfying. It fails for a few reasons, some that are an issue with the system itself and some factors that lie outside of the system.


Lack of adherence to the system

While RR is the standard romanization system of Korean and has been for some time, adherence to it outside of instances mandated by the government is not guaranteed. While most Korean language textbooks will use RR, some will go with another system or maybe even some other romanization that was deemed to “fit better.” I’ve read academic linguistic papers on Korean meant for English-language audiences, and some of those papers, despite being published after the introduction of RR (in some cases many years after) use incredibly strange romanization that doesn’t match either RR or the previous system. But more important than the usage of romanization in some obscure academic articles, at least for the purpose of this blog, is the use of romanization by Korean learners and Korean people—and going off of what I have seen on this website and other language exchange sites and apps, Korean learners and Korean natives alike tend to use romanization that is not in line with the standard and that can differ greatly from person to person. How can romanization possibly be a useful tool for learning when nobody seems to use it the same way?  How can you be sure you’re expressing the same sounds?


Confusion due to unfamiliarity

In addition to confusion caused by using different romanization types, just the presence of romanization itself can cause confusion! Many Koreans are of course not too familiar with romanization outside of place names because… they have no reason to be! They have Hangul, so of course they don’t use romanization in their daily lives. If you check out this video, you can see how hard it can be for native speakers to try to read Korean that is written in romanization. Supposing that your goal in learning Korean is to be able to communicate with native speakers, moving away from romanization and getting cozy with Hangul for writing is definitely the way to go.


RR’s failure to match the actual sounds of the language + differences between speakers

One of my other major bones to pick with RR—probably my largest, actually— has to do with the fact that it doesn’t really match up with the actual sounds of the Korean language. Have you ever seen someone ask (or asked yourself) if ㄱ is “k” or “g”? Maybe you’ve wondered if ㅂ is “p” or “b”? Sometimes ㄱ is written as “k” and sometimes as “g” in RR so it must be both, right? That’s a natural assumption to make, but it’s not the right answer. Korean makes use of some sound distinctions that English (and other languages that use the Roman alphabet) don’t make. In fact, there is no sound in Korean that corresponds to the sound an English speaker would think of when they see “g,” and the same goes for “b, j, ch…” NONE of those sounds as our English-speaking brains know them exist in Korean, but there they are in the romanization. It wouldn’t be a problem, I suppose, if you knew which speech sounds exactly correspond to which letter (combinations) in RR… but I’m sure that pretty much nobody studies phonetics just for the sake of making sure they’re reading romanization correctly. The large majority of people who look at romanization are not reading it correctly, and if you’re using it to learn Korean pronunciation, then your pronunciation will end up sounding more unnatural than it would if you just forwent the romanization altogether and just learned it more naturally, from sound (and with Hangul, sight-sound correspondence) alone. And add on to all this the fact that one’s native language and dominant dialect of that language will color the way one ends up pronouncing romanization that they see and read… it’s a jumbled path that can easily carry you off the path of more accurate pronunciation.


So, is romanization totally useless?

No, I’m not saying that romanization is useless by any means. In this globalized society, it is obviously necessary for the large majority of the world’s population who can’t read Hangul. However, romanization is used in such a scattered way by learners and native Korean speakers, and even the standard romanization fails to match Korean phonology properly, so it’s really not an ideal tool to use when learning Korean pronunciation. Please try your best to use all the great audiovisual resources online, like the video I linked at the start of this section, to learn the sounds of Korean without romanization~!


Happy studying, everyone!

Transits - Walking into a New Room

Your natal chart is your cosmic birth certificate. It was printed when you took your first little breath, and it can never be altered or changed. But the planets kept moving. And they continue to orbit above your natal chart and introduce new energies and experiences. The natal chart is never changing. The transit chart is forever changing. 

When Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto transit through the houses these areas of life activate to an intense degree. It’s like walking from one room to another. The example chart highlights the 2nd, 4th, and 10th houses and the experiences these entail, like the 2nd house briefly contains our money and possessions, the 4th house is home, and the 10th house is the profession. When these slow moving planets progress through these life arenas they activate them to the extreme degree. Saturn moving into the 2nd can become uncharacteristically concerned about the money they have as security. Uranus moving through the 4th can trigger changes in residence. Neptune moving through the 10th can inspire a new vision for the profession. These areas of life become rattled and refurnished over many years. It’s likely that for planets beyond Saturn, you will never again experience their transit through this particular house in your lifetime. They symbolise pivotal life chapters. 

Reading Transit Charts 

In this chart you can see these transcendental planets in transit. The natal chart is the inside circle, and the transit chart is the outer circle. We can see that transiting Saturn in Sagittarius is in the 7th house. It means that even though there are no planets in this house the experience of life is still activated, experienced, and very real. Houses with no planets are extremely awakened by transcendental transits. Above the 7th house in the 8th house we see transiting Pluto in Capricorn directly on top of Neptune and Uranus. This makes transiting Pluto conjunct Uranus and Neptune, a configuration lots of people born during the late 80′s and early 90′s are experiencing. Transiting Neptune is on top of the horoscope, crossing over the chart’s midheaven. The planets crossing the angular points (1st, 4th, 7th, 10th houses) are very noteworthy. Finally in the 11th house we see transiting Uranus. This is how you can read your transit chart. There are astrology apps and free online resources that offer transit chart calculations. 

Reflecting on the transit chart can help you to prepare (useful in the case of Saturn’s movement), feel a sense of justice or validation for the things you have been going through but haven’t been able to explain or find a release from. It can help in reminding us that chaos is still a form of order 

-C.

replicantgrl  asked:

Hey, I was wondering if you or your followers knew anything about parrot adoption and the differences between adopting an adult/senior bird and buying a young bird from a breeder. I want to get a macaw some day and would rather adopt an older bird, but I want to know what the differences are and what I'd be getting into (general macaw info would be cool too!) 🐤🐦🐤🐦

Hi! :) So I don’t have a lot of experience with parrots & adoption myself - minimal experience from a pet store job & a couple of (temporary) parrots at my wildlife rehab.

That said, I have to admit, my recommendation preference is to look for an older bird to adopt. There are a LOT of them out there due to the number of people who get a parrot without knowing what they’re getting into, as well as people whose life circumstances changed, or people who passed away & their family didn’t want to deal with a large parrot (especially one who’s also grieving). 

But honestly, it does depend a bit on your situation & what possibilities you have available to you. I’ve seen a few posts recently that discuss pros & cons to both sides of this & would be well worth reading & thinking about:

https://wordsonbirds.tumblr.com/post/166822404900/flockdynamics-lookatthisbabybird-fiskeorn

https://wordsonbirds.tumblr.com/post/165809922805/disagree-about-not-getting-from-a-breeder

Basically, rescue/rehome birds may be dealing with grieving past families, may have bad behaviors learned from previous families, and may have health issues if they weren’t cared for correctly. Older birds are also more likely to have health issues, so that’s something to be prepared for. But older rescue birds are also not going to go through the same hormonal stages babies will. As with most animals, each side does have their pros & cons, so you’ll have to see what works best for you.

Unfortunately I don’t have a lot of online resources on birds right now - most of my knowledge was from avidly reading parrot magazines for several years. @flock-talk has a ton of resources & links available and many of those would likely be applicable to parrots in general, so I definitely recommend checking those out! And I don’t know if @wordsonbirds might have some more resources and/or advice? 

my-toxic-tonic  asked:

Can I ask where you get some of your herbs? I'm looking at some of the recipes on your website, and there are a lot of plants I'd like to find.

Oh sure!

There’s a pretty good list of places to find witchy supplies on the Online Resources page, but I have a few favorites in the top section. You should also check out the listings for witch-run etsy shops at the bottom of the linked page.

  • Ruth Roy’s Wellcat Herbs - Ruth Roy is a wonderful lady who runs a booth and a candle shop every year at the Pennsylvania Renaissance Faire. (She’s the little cottage with the garden right between the jousting field and the maze, if you’re going.) I always make a point of stopping by to pick up my essentials, plus incense and tea, and possibly a new Wrestle Wrat for the kitty. Ruth’s products are high-quality and reasonably priced, plus you’re supporting small business. (The website is being revamped in places, but her customer service is impeccable.)
  • Starwest Botanicals - This is a larger seller, purveying their wares in bulk. Most items are sold in 4 oz. or 1 lb. portions, but you do save money per ounce over what you’d pay in most occult shops. (In fact, Starwest is a supplier to many witchy and natural foods stores.) Starwest also deals in a large amount of organic items, essential oils, and fair-trade teas and coffees. I’ve been buying my frequently-used dried herbs and powders from them for years. And they ship EVERYWHERE. (They’re also listed on Amazon, if that makes your shopping easier.)
  • The Magickal Cat - This is a Wiccan-oriented site that sells all sort of bits and bobs for your witchery. They sell many different herbs by the ounce, and their prices are pretty reasonable. Also, if you’re interested, this is a good one-stop shop for other things you might need. (Just be wary in the books section. They tend to carry what’s popular, rather than what’s good.)
  • Seed Savers Exchange - If you’re interested in buying seeds to grow your own herbs, but can’t find what you want at your local garden shop, try the Seed Savers Exchange. They carry hundreds of heirloom seeds for herbs, vegetables, fruit, and flowers. It’s a green witch’s paradise. I’ve bought seeds from them on several occasions, and I’ve been very satisfied with the size of the packets, which have detailed instructions for planting, and with the resulting plants. Four of my from-seed plants this year came from Seed Savers, and they’re doing very well.

Again, I also recommend checking the etsy listings on the Online Resources page. The listed shops are all good ones, I just don’t want to play favorites with them on this post.

It’s worth mentioning that I’m hoping to reopen my own etsy shop later this year, if all goes well, and that will have further witchy supplies, though probably only a few herbs. (Like Dogbane, which is apparently next-to-impossible to find online.)

ok tumblr… time to get serious. with the sudden rise in popularity of pet clowns i think it’s important to remind you all that clowns are WILD BEINGS. they’re not meant to be inside a house all day! they need to be free OR live in good hilarious conditions that ensure their survival, such as a circus or a birthday party, but if you really must have one, and i cannot believe i HAVE to say this, then make sure to give your clown PROPER care! i see so many people here just not giving their jesters the nutrition or entertainment they need. like, you keep a clown captive just for show, only so you can let it d i e? they are NOT toys! so please check online resources on clown care before you adopt one jfc