22 year old, Mary Winder (Wolf Clan) began her lifetime crusade, campaigning and petitioning for the government to make amends and give the Oneidas back their land. Through written testimony, Mary fought for the recovery of thousands of acres guaranteed to the Oneidas in the 1794 Treaty of Canandaigua.
For 30 years, until the time of her death in 1954, Mary – who had little formal education and spoke only Oneida until she attended school, sent letter after letter. She wrote to President Washington asking the federal government to redress the wrongs perpetrated against the Oneidas.
She died three years after the Oneida land claim was officially filed. The Nation eventually won the land claim initiated by Mary.