one key question

I feel like if GLaDOS made an android body for herself, she’d purposely make it as beautiful as possible, just so that she could try and one-up Chell with a sort of ‘humans like you are so ugly, so I made a better version’ attitude, but doesn’t take into account that Chell gives zero fucks about a robot looking better than her, and instead is just having a gay panic.

I just need it to be known that I very strongly head canon that Sidon would have to sleep on his stomach to sleep with Link and would at least put his head on Link’s chest when they cuddled at night

So whenever Sidon is not in bed with him he instinctively hugs a pillow to his chest to try to make up for the missing weight.


Vox: Trump’s morning Twitter tirade calls for #SCOTUS to get his Muslim Travel Ban into effect. 

Dara Lind at Vox: 

The terrorist attack in London over the weekend appears to have reminded “President” Donald Trump that the keystone of his own “national security” agenda — his travel ban — has been blocked in court.

And boy, is he angry about it.

The president started grumbling about the travel ban over the weekend, pointing to the London attack as an example of the need for the ban even before it had been confirmed as terrorism. (The nationalities of the attackers still aren’t known, and there’s no reason yet to believe that they are nationals of the six majority-Muslim countries targeted by the ban.)

By Monday morning, he’d thrown himself into a full-blown rage — and his anger wasn’t just directed at the judges that have put the ban on hold, but at his own Department of Justice lawyers, who revised the ban to pass constitutional muster in March. Trump signed the new ban, but he now appears to see it as an unforgivable act of weakness — a “watered-down, PC” version of what Trump really wanted to do on immigration.

Those same lawyers are now trying to get the Supreme Court to take extraordinary measures to allow the ban to go into effect this summer. Now the president himself has made their job all that much harder.

The way “President" Trump appears to see it, there are two faces to his administration. There are “the lawyers and the courts” — the Department of Justice officials who’ve had to defend both versions of Trump’s executive order — who are forced to describe the travel ban in legally permissible terms. And then there is Trump himself, who can, presumably, say whatever he wants without legal consequence.

As it happens, though, one of the key legal questions in the lawsuits against the travel ban is when Trump’s statements can be examined in court to discern the intent behind a policy. And while there’s some disagreement about whether it’s kosher to look at statements Trump made back in 2015 as a presidential candidate, or statements made by his allies outside the administration, the courts so far have been pretty clear that the way “President” Trump describes his policies now is a pretty good indication of what he wanted to do by signing them.


The Supreme Court has always been more likely to defer to Trump in the travel ban cases than the Fourth and Ninth Circuits — it’s more reliably conservative (especially with the addition of Trump-appointed Justice Neil Gorsuch) than lower courts on the East and West Coasts. It’s certainly possible that the Court’s conservatives, and swing vote Justice Anthony Kennedy, could grant a five-vote majority to the position that the president’s tweets shouldn’t carry more weight than the text of the executive order itself in explaining why the policy exists.

They could even decide that the president’s complaints about the policy his government is currently defending — calling it “watered-down and politically correct” — show that the second executive order is a meaningful break from the first one, and isn’t discriminatory, because otherwise the president wouldn’t be complaining about it.

In other words, the best hope for the government in court right now is either that the Supreme Court ignores what the president has to say or that they decide that the policy must be okay because the president who signed it doesn’t like it.


The weird thing is that as a matter of policy, not a lot changed from the first executive order to the second. Iraq was taken off the list of blacklisted countries whose residents would be banned from entering the US for 90 days. Syrian refugees were no longer explicitly indefinitely banned from the US — instead, they’d just be part of the global 120-day ban on refugees, and subject to “extreme vetting” afterward. And a provision that would have allowed “religious minorities” to seek asylum even when others couldn’t — which Trump said in an interview the day he signed the first executive order was designed to favor Christians in the Middle East — was taken out.

So it’s hard to say exactly what the president sees as so impermissibly weak and politically correct in the new version of the executive order. Certainly, the president himself doesn’t tend to talk about the policy in enough detail to figure that out.

Looks like Trump just own goaled himself into a loss at SCOTUS or a decline in them taking up the Muslim Travel Ban case.

David Oyelowo to play Scar in 'The Lion Guard'

Be prepared for the return of Scar.

Simba’s big bad uncle is heading to season 2 of The Lion Guard, Disney Junior’s epic series continuation of The Lion King, and this time around, the iconic villain will be voiced by Golden Globe-nominated actor David Oyelowo (Selma, A United Kingdom). Jeremy Irons voiced the reprobate lion in the 1994 movie.

Obviously, there’s one key question to be asked: How would Scar, who ended his screentime in the original film at the clawed mercy of his angry band of hyenas, be able to turn up now? The character will appear on The Lion Guard in the flames of a volcano, summoned by grandnephew Kion (Simba and Nala’s son) after he unintentionally calls Scar by invoking the powerful Roar of the Elders during a fit of anger.

“The Rise of Scar” will premiere July 29, shortly after the series’ second season premieres on July 7. Other guest stars to expect this season — alongside returning cast members like Rob Lowe, Gabrielle Union, and Max Charles — include Renee Elise Goldsberry (as a zebra!), Christopher Jackson (as a gorilla!), Common (as a crocodile!), AJ McLean (as a golden mole!), and Sinbad (as Uroho, a comedic baboon!).

Note: Oyelowo’s casting, though perfect, is not to be confused with Disney’s upcoming remake of The Lion King, which has yet to announce its Scar face.

The Lion Guard comes from Disney Television Animation by way of executive producer Ford Riley, co-EP Howy Parkins, composer Christopher Willis, songwriter Beau Black, and author/cultural advisor Sarah Mirza.

Could interstellar ice provide the answer to birth of DNA?

Researchers at the University of York have shown that molecules brought to earth in meteorite strikes could potentially be converted into the building blocks of DNA.

They found that organic compounds, called amino nitriles, the molecular precursors to amino acids, were able to use molecules present in interstellar ice to trigger the formation of the backbone molecule, 2-deoxy-D-ribose, of DNA.

Keep reading


Click on the image(s) for fullsize! | Kickstarter Tiers

Dappervolk Kickstarter Tier Poll – Final Results 

The Kickstarter launches in 2 days!! We got 98 responses which is not too shabby! Here are the final results, a few stats, and some personal musings. Remember that 1. this was not an official survey, 2. I’m just some random fan with a tumblr blog, 3. this in no way can be used as a definitive guide for exactly how the KS will go, and 4. that results may or may not be exact and there’s always the potential for people changing their minds or fudging the results for whatever reason. With that in mind…..

  • Top Choice: Early Raven (100 slots - 38 picks)
  • Most Competition: Custom Pet Maker (5 slots - 15 picks)

  • Most Surprising: Design a Mini Map (1 slot - 3 picks)

Kickstarter Goal: $20,000 CAD

Remember that there will be stretch goals for going above the goal!

  • If all the Early Sparrow, Early Raven, Custom Pet, and Custom Clothing tiers get claimed, backers will have raised: $15,350 CAD
  • If all of the tiers picked in this poll (adjusting for those where more people picked slots than were available) are actually claimed, backers will have raised: $10,366 CAD
  • If all the limited tiers are claimed (not counting any unlimited tiers), backers will have raised: $42,225 CAD
what is most remarkable, wonderful (and rare) in poetry derives from reality, from a dimension that seldom reveals itself, from some radiant part of the planet.

One key question that every reader of poetry or poet must face from time to time: Does the light, the poetic force without which no great poem could take shape, exist only in our imagination, in intense, blissful fantasies of inspiration, or does it have some counterpart in reality? Is it only a leap of imagination, a holiday from the ordinary, a festival of language, or does it uncover something that is usually concealed, but truly exists? Much depends on the answer to this question. If questioned, I myself would say, I have my doubts, I worry at times that this light is only Saint Elmo’s fire, glowing on the masts of our imagination. But ultimately, were I freed from my doubts, rooted in a pure and powerful place, I’d reply, what is most remarkable, wonderful (and rare) in poetry derives from reality, from a dimension that seldom reveals itself, from some radiant part of the planet.

~ Adam Zagajewski, Slight Exaggeration: An Essay (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, April 4, 2017)

All Larry’s matching tattoos:

- Hi and oops

- Boat and compass

- Butterfly and it is what it is

- Anchor and rope

- Rose and dagger

- Birds and cage

- 17 Black and deer

- Heart and arrow

- Horseshoe and nails

- Key and padlock

- I can’t change and question marks (harry cover up his i can’t change tattoo with the anchor tattoo)

They have 10/11 matching tattoos and you still think it’s just a coincidence?

Time Travel as a past and future plot device in WTNV

Like everyone else who listened, my first reaction to the latest episode was “ow, my heart.” Then, I started thinking about what the arc could possibly be for this season. Is it possible that the key is time travel? And how does time work in Night Vale anyway?

Well, as Carlos discovered in his first year in Night Vale, it doesn’t. 

Which makes the question - how does time NOT work in Night Vale.

1. Personal experience of time

Characters in Night Vale age at different rates, and their memories about it are fuzzy. Cecil is apparently over a hundred years old (as of [Best of?], and he is deeply uncomfortable whenever Earl Harlan brings up the fact that they can’t remember how old they are. However, old woman Josie was shown to age normally. Earl was nineteen for decades, and then became middle aged. Jackie Fierro has been nineteen for who knows how long. Lee Marvin has always just turned 30. The University of What it is suggests that Carlos’s timeline could be funny too. 

The main way this could be used is in revealing memories. Cecil’s past is, I think, likely to be revealed slowly, not as a major plot arc. However, I think we will definitely be hearing more about how relative ages affect people in Night Vale. 

The whole town also has a personal experience different from the outside world. Places that exist don’t, places that don’t exist do. The 30s were a time of prosperity in Night Vale and a time of depression outside. However, there is evidence enough that our world does exist, somehow. 

2. Communication and knowledge, past and present

In History Week, Cecil reports on the future history of the town as though it is fact. He states that as of 2052, there will have been no mayor in Night Vale for 30 years. Which means that in 2022, 7 years away, something happens. 

Dana’s experience in the Dog Park was another example of this. She and Cecil could never seem to communicate at the same point in time. Also, when she was in  desert, she saw herself in the future as someone important (presumably she saw herself as mayor). Her family also saw her, and she remembered the incident and interacted with herself (so that won’t cause some horrible world ending paradox). 

The Museum of Forbidden Technologies also has multiple time travel machines, some not invented yet. Time travel was legalized in the time period of the show. (I point out these machines because the first episode of the season was a successful heist. And because that would be awesome) 

Of course, the use of a time travel plot will depend on one key question…

3. Closed Loops vs Alternate Timelines

Most time travel falls into these two categories. Today, we seemed to get an example of a closed loop story. Cecil told Kevin about the rebellion. Kevin sent Daniel. But we already knew about Daniel, and it appears that nothing was changed. Thus, the past was always changed, and no alterations happened. While this can be fun, it does mean that you can’t change what you know happened, just show how it happened and help make it happen. (Think Time Turners in Harry Potter).

However, there is plenty of proof that the other big type of time travel, alternate timelines, can also exist. Stories normally deal with these in one of two ways. The first is the alternate universe, where some divergent event caused a split. There are theories that Desert Bluffs is an alternative of Night Vale. (Think of the Star Trek episode where Spock has a goatee.) 

An example of alternate universes running into each other is Nulgorsk. In one version, the city was destroyed, and Night Vale was about to be destroyed too. In the other, nothing happened. Only Simone Rigadeau remembered both versions.

The other way it is used is creating an alternate timeline. Go to the past, change something, and when you go back, you are in a different future than the one you left, with you being the only one who remembers the change (Think Back to the Future). The Traveler experienced this type of time travel. He claimed he had saved Night Vale before and would again, and that he couldn’t return to his future as he knew it.

If I had it my way, this last one would be what I would want to do. Cecil says there is no use thinking about what could have been, but it is possible to change it. Steal a time machine, or have Carlos make one. A lot of people want to save Kevin. I want to go one step further.

It’s possible. All the methods are there to find out what they need to know and change it.

Let’s save Desert Bluffs. 

Could interstellar ice provide the answer to birth of DNA?

Researchers at the University of York have shown that molecules brought to earth in meteorite strikes could potentially be converted into the building blocks of DNA.

They found that organic compounds, called amino nitriles, the molecular precursors to amino acids, were able to use molecules present in interstellar ice to trigger the formation of the backbone molecule, 2-deoxy-D-ribose, of DNA.

It has long been assumed that amino acids were present on earth before DNA, and may have been responsible for the formation of one of the building blocks of DNA, but this new research throws fresh doubt on this theory.

Dr Paul Clarke, from the University of York’s Department of Chemistry, said: “The origin of important biological molecules is one of the key fundamental questions in science. The molecules that form the building blocks of DNA had to come from somewhere; either they were present on Earth when it formed or they came from space, hitting earth in a meteor shower.

"Scientists had already shown that there were particular molecules present in space that came to Earth in an ice comet; this made our team at York think about investigating whether they could be used to make one of the building blocks of DNA. If this was possible, then it could mean that a building block of DNA was present before amino acids.”

In order for cellular life to emerge and then evolve on earth, the fundamental building blocks of life needed to be synthesised from appropriate starting materials - a process sometimes described as ‘chemical evolution’.

The research team showed that amino nitriles could have been the catalyst for bringing together the interstellar molecules, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, glycolaldehyde, before life on Earth began. Combined, these molecules produce carbohydrates, including 2-deoxy-D-ribose, the building blocks of DNA.

DNA is one of the most important molecules in living systems, yet the origin 2-deoxy-D-ribose, before life on earth began, has remained a mystery.

Dr Clarke said: “We have demonstrated that the interstellar building blocks formaldehyde, acetaldehyde and glycolaldehyde can be converted in 'one-pot’ to biologically relevant carbohydrates - the ingredients for life.

"This research therefore outlines a plausible mechanism by which molecules present in interstellar space, brought to earth by meteorite strikes, could potentially be converted into 2-deoxy-D-ribose, a molecule vital for all living systems.”


                                I’ll be the one if you want me to
                             Anywhere I would’ve followed you
                            Say something, I’m giving up on you.


One key question to interpreting the film Ex Machina is: Was Caleb truly a good person? Personally, I think the movie hints that maybe he wasn’t.

He only ever saw Ava as an empty fantasy object. Even when Nathan correctly points out to him that Ava was just manipulating him, Caleb is still fixated on her and is deluding himself into thinking they have have a future together. 

He sees Kyoko being horribly abused. More than Ava ever was. But does he try to help her? No. Was she ever included in the escape plan? No. Because Kyoko wasn’t  “girlfriend material” to him.  So he ignored her. 

Granted, Ava’s actions towards him at the end were callous as hell. But, then, didn’t Caleb intend to do the same thing to Nathan? Heck, he might have given her the idea

Ava used Caleb. She was desperate to escape. But I think the real reason she left him to die at the end? She simply didn’t trust him. 

Going by what Alex Garland has said, he never sympathized with Caleb much either.  


Scientists have unearthed the jawbone of what they claim is one of the very first humans.

The 2.8 million-year-old specimen is 400,000 years older than researchers thought that our kind first emerged.

The discovery in Ethiopia suggests climate change spurred the transition from tree dweller to upright walker.

The head of the research team told BBC News that the find gives the first insight into “the most important transitions in human evolution”.

This is the most important transition in human evolutionProf Brian Villmoare, University of Nevada

Prof Brian Villmoare of the University of Nevada in Las Vegas said the discovery makes a clear link between an iconic 3.2 million-year-old hominin (human-like primate) discovered in the same area in 1974, called “Lucy”.

Could Lucy’s kind - which belonged to the speciesAustralopithecus afarensis - have evolved into the very first primitive humans?

“That’s what we are arguing,” said Prof Villmoare.

But the fossil record between the time period when Lucy and her kin were alive and the emergence of Homo erectus (with its relatively large brain and humanlike body proportions) two million years ago is sparse.

The 2.8 million-year-old lower jawbone was found in the Ledi-Geraru research area, Afar Regional State, by Ethiopian student Chalachew Seyoum. He told BBC News that he was “stunned” when he saw the fossil.

“The moment I found it, I realised that it was important, as this is the time period represented by few (human) fossils in Eastern Africa.”

The fossil is of the left side of the lower jaw, along with five teeth. The back molar teeth are smaller than those of other hominins living in the area and are one of the features that distinguish humans from more primitive ancestors, according to Professor William Kimbel, director of Arizona State University’s Institute of Human Origins.

These new studies challenge us to consider the very definition of what it is to be humanProf Chris Stringer, Natural History Museum, London

“Previously, the oldest fossil attributed to the genusHomo was an upper jaw from Hadar, Ethiopia, dated to 2.35m years ago,” he told BBC News.

“So this new discovery pushes the human line back by 400,000 years or so, very close to its likely (pre-human) ancestor. Its mix of primitive and advanced features makes the Ledi jaw a good transitional form between (Lucy) and later humans.”

A computer reconstruction of a skull belonging to the species Homo habilis, which has been published in Nature journal, indicates that it may well have been the evolutionary descendant of the species announced today.

The researcher involved, Prof Fred Spoor of University College London told BBC News that, taken together, the new findings had lifted a veil on a key period in the evolution of our species.

“By discovering a new fossil and re-analysing an old one we have truly contributed to our knowledge of our own evolutionary period, stretching over a million years that had been shrouded in mystery,” he said.

Climate change

The dating of the jawbone might help answer one of the key questions in human evolution. What caused some primitive ancestors to climb down from the trees and make their homes on the ground.

A separate study in Science hints that a change in climate might have been a factor. An analysis of the fossilised plant and animal life in the area suggests that what had once been lush forest had become dry grassland.

As the trees made way for vast plains, ancient human-like primates found a way of exploiting the new environmental niche, developing bigger brains and becoming less reliant on having big jaws and teeth by using tools.

Prof Chris Stringer of the Natural History Museum in London described the discovery as a “big story”.

He says the new species clearly does show the earliest step toward human characteristics, but suggests that half a jawbone is not enough to tell just how human it was and does not provide enough evidence to suggest that it was this line that led to us.

He notes that the emergence of human-like characteristics was not unique to Ethiopia.

“The human-like features shown by Australopithecus sediba in South Africa at around 1.95 million years ago are likely to have developed independently of the processes which produced (humans) in East Africa, showing that parallel origins are a distinct possibility,” Prof Stringer explained.

This would suggest several different species of humans co-existing in Africa around two million years ago with only one of them surviving and eventually evolving into our species, Homo sapiens. It is as if nature was experimenting with different versions of the same evolutionary configuration until one succeeded.

Prof Stringer added: “These new studies leave us with an even more complex picture of early humans than we thought, and they challenge us to consider the very definition of what it is to be human. Are we defined by our small teeth and jaws, our large brain, our long legs, tool-making, or some combination of these traits?”


Settling By: tenneyshoes 

SUMMARY: “You are wrong, Sasuke-san,” Hinata said in her quiet manner, but her voice carried an underlying current of steel. “I would not have ‘settled’. If I knew that Naruto still loved Sakura-chan, I never would have entertained a relationship with him, let alone married him.

MY THOUGHTS:  Wow!  Another single fanfic recommendation!!!  This is a one-shot fanfic that deserves special mention.  The title and the summary says it all.  This story addresses one of the key shipper questions:  Why will Naruto move on from Sakura considering he chased after her for such a long time?  And the question was asked by Sasuke nonetheless!  While Hinata shows both her strong and vulnerable side in this fic, it’s Naruto’s response to that question that is really beautiful.  Everything about the story follows cannon and I believe the characterizations are spot on, even Sasuke’s frank and calous behavior.  A word of warning, you may get annoyed by Sasuke but I think he is not out of character here.   A must read for any NaruHina fan!  

Fan Art by かや子

anonymous asked:

are there particular steps to creating lore? i need (and want) to have a firm history in my story for it to work out properly.

Lore by definition is a body of traditions and knowledge held by a particular group. Now, most traditions come from some sort of religion which is based on gods and heroes. So one of your first steps is to create gods, heroes, and mythology surrounding those characters. As an RPG player I can attest to the fact that creating a pantheon can be really hard. However, there is one key question that every god, hero and story is based on: What is the most important? Here are a few ways to make it easier, and they all start from different points.

The first option is starting with people. If you like making characters and backstories you’re halfway there. The other half is knowing what is important to them. Once you have that you can create gods and heroes that symbolize those ideals. For example a character who is a hunter would worship a god of game and balance. Whereas a soldier might worship a deity who thrives on battle and bloodshed.

The second is Geography. If you’re more of a world builder think of the places you have set up and figure out what would be crucial to the people living in those places. For example people living in a desert would have drastically different morals and ideals from a sea faring community.

The third is just the general gods and goddesses. Look around you and think of the big things in life. Almost all civilizations have deities for things like the sun, and oceans and forests. figure out which ones are the most important to you, your world and your characters and create deities for those.

Once you have the pantheon you can come up with how they interact and how that would affect the stories of that world. Try giving the gods and goddesses conflicting character traits or traits that coincide with their domain. That will help them to clash or cooperate and create interesting tales of their encounters.

Happy writing,


anonymous asked:

Kageyama wants to propose to Hinata but can't find the right words.

Stupid idiot boyfriends are awkward.  But also kind of fluffy.

“Tobio?” Hinata mumbled, looking up at Kageyama with wide eyes.  “Are you okay?”  The redhead was seated next to his boyfriend on the train back home from Tokyo, shoving chips in his mouth.  “You’ve been acting really weird,” he added, when Kageyama’s only response was to flinch and shrug his shoulders.

“‘I’m fine,” the setter responded a little too harshly, his eyes narrowed.

Hinata gave him a funny look before rolling his eyes and continuing to eat his snack. “Whatever, asshole,” he grumbled, poking his boyfriend in the shoulder.

Kageyama glared at the resulting stain and turned his head away.  “Don’t talk with your mouth open.”

Hinata made a little noise of annoyance, “Sorry for worrying about you,” he mumbled, squishing his face against the window.  He mostly sounded irritated, but Kageyama could sense the unmistakable undertone of hurt in his boyfriend’s voice.  

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