Now listen to this reed-flute’s deep lament About the heartache being apart has meant: ‘Since from the reed-bed they uprooted me My song’s expressed each human’s agony, A breast which separation’s split in two Is what I seek, to share this pain with you: When kept from their true origin, all yearn For union on the day they can return.’
—Excerpt from “The Song of the
Reed,” at the beginning of Rumi’s Masnavi. Translated by Jawid
The Masnavi is a series of
six books by Rumi, who was born on 30 September 1207. A compendium of ethical
and mystical teachings and Sufi stories, the Masnavi is one of the most
well-known and influential works of Sufi literature of all time.
Image: Reeds by Siggy Nowak, Public Domain via Pixabay.
President Woodrow Wilson speaks in front of a joint session of Congress in support of female suffrage. After years of activism by suffragettes, the 19th Amendment had passed through the House of Representatives and was in front of the Senate for a vote. Wilson appealed to the Congressmen to approve the Amendment by painting it as “vitally essential” to the war effort which women were greatly involved in. Ultimately, President Wilson’s speech would not be enough as the Senate would fail to pass female suffrage by two votes. The 19th Amendment would not make it through Congress until June 1919 and would finally become the law of the land when Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify it on August 18, 1920. In his speech to Congress, Wilson stated
Are we alone to ask and take the utmost that our women can give, – service and sacrifice of every kind, – and still say we do not see what title that gives them to stand by our sides in the guidance of the affairs of their nation and ours? We have made partners of the women in this war; shall we admit them only to a partnership of suffering and sacrifice and toil and not to a partnership of privilege and right? This war could not have been fought…if it had not been for the services of the women, – services rendered in every sphere, – not merely in the fields of effort in which we have been accustomed to see them work, but wherever men have worked and upon the very skirts and edges of the battle itself.