On Snape’s first train ride to Hogwarts, we see his first interaction with James, which included, James and Sirius mocking Lily, attempting to trip Snape and creating the degrading nickname, Snivellus.
Jumping to fifth year, the bullying had continued. This is evident from the text.
“This’ll liven you up Padfoot,’ said James quietly. ‘Look who it is…’ Sirius’s head turned around. He had become very still, like a dog that has scented a rabbit. ‘Excellent,’ he said softly. ‘Snivellus.”
This quote is rather disturbing, the way Sirius looks at Snape as prey.
“Lupin was still staring down at his book, though his eyes were not moving and a faint frown line had appeared between his eyebrows. Wormtail was looking from Sirius and James to Snape with a look of avid anticipation on his face.”
It’s clear that Remus and Peter know what is about to occur. This is some kind of routine.
“Alright, Snivellus?’ said James loudly. Snape reacted so fast it was as though he had been expecting an attack”
This is a key moment, Snape expects an attack because of how frequently they happen to him.
Snape was not James’ only target. When Lily is telling James off she says, “walking down corridors and hexing anyone who annoys you just because you can”
We know all this information because of Snape’s memory in the Pensieve. However, some people are convinced this memory is biased and what Harry saw didn’t actually happen. Well these people are wrong. Harry is not viewing everything from Snape’s eyes. He is free to walk around and listen to others’ conversations. Harry watched the bullying happen from an outside perspective. If this isn’t enough proof, Sirius and Lupin both confirm what Harry saw in the Pensieve was true.
So the question we are left with is, did the bullying ever stop? None of the teachers stepped in but Sirius says, “James deflated his head a bit.” and Lupin adds, “and stopped hexing people just for the fun of it.” Granted, James only changed in his 7th year so that’s still 6 years of tormenting other students, but at least he did eventually mature for Lily. However, Lupin says, “Snape was a special case. I mean, he never lost an opportunity to curse James, so you couldn’t really expect James to take that lying down.’ ‘And my mom was okay with this?’ ‘She didn’t know too much about it, to tell you the truth.”
Ok. So James and Sirius bullied Snape from 1st to 6th year and were all around dicks to anyone who annoyed them. James finally stopped being a bully because he wanted Lily to like him. But by then, the damage was done. Snape was still, understandably, angry. I’m not exactly sure what sparked Snape to begin fighting back. It seems out of character for him to go looking for fights. Maybe he was more confident in his abilities at 17. Whatever the reason, James’ and Snape’s relationship altered in their 7th year. Now the two were on more equal grounds so they had a rivalry. To clarify, James was a bully from the ages of 11 to 16. By 17, he was a better person.
Just because Snape started fighting back doesn’t make him a bully. To James, Snape was nothing but entertainment. I doubt James thought about Snape much when he wasn’t hexing him. To Snape, James was a threat. Snape was always alert for potential attacks. Snape never had this affect on James’ life.
The point I’m trying to make is that it’s fine if you like James, but you need to accept that at one point in his life, he was a vicious bully and his actions seriously affected his victims. Not one character in the Harry Potter series is perfect, especially not James or Snape. But that doesn’t mean they can’t still be heroes.
PopMatters: How did you go about approaching this record compared to Boggy Depot?
Jerry Cantrell: Every record that you do man, is sooo different in every way. It’s a completely different experience, and this one certainly took that theme over the top. A lot of things that I did during this record that I never had to do. All the hats I was wearing was definitely something that was taxing as well—but I’m glad I did it.
completely over this social media trend of “dad brags that his daughter likes star wars instead of princesses, feminists trip over themselves to laud the casual degradation of anything traditionally seen as feminine”
Kremlin Annihilation Week, day 3: worst episode(s)/scene(s)
Pretty much every scene Kara and Mon-El share is the fucking worst, but since some of the worst (2x13 DEO scene, multiple guilt-trippings, angry degrading rants and disrespectful moments) have already been giffed, I’d like to point to the Flash crossover episode. 2x16 was disgusting yet again, but it did one thing right: having Kara realize that she deserves better and break off with Mon-El despite his new attempt at guilt-tripping and manipulation. I had some hope that they might set things right in this fucking hellshow of a season.
And then, in less than 24 hours, the writers had Kara forgive Mon-El for no reason whatsoever, they had her forget all the pain he caused her and all the good reasons she had for breaking up with him. And what’s worse, they pulled this “true love’s kiss” bullshit which was not only shitting on the already canonically stronger relationship of Kara and Alex (the same Alex who had already risked her life once to pull her sister out of a magically induced coma) but also involved Mon-El kissing Kara, the woman who broke up with him, while she was unconscious ie without her consent, and we were somehow supposed to see this as a grand romantic gesture.
I don't know if you've gotten that deep into space stuff in Runaway, but is there artificial (of the Star Wars kind) gravity and who makes the best ships? If I was a rich guy and wanted a 100% custom ship, who's the best in the business?
The only artificial gravity in RttS is hamster wheel gravity, ie, centrifugal force. The smallest ships don’t bother having it because there’s no room for the giant motor system needed to spin the habitat module, or because the module would have too small a diameter and be nauseating to passengers (ie, gravity would be noticeably different at the head vs the feet). Thankfully they don’t need to worry too much about body degradation in zero G because the longest spaceflight trips an average ship will take are about 3 weeks (I still need to pick what slower-than-light propulsion method I’m using… hghsgh)
I haven’t made up any specific companies for RttS, but for a human customer avians are pretty good ship manufacturers… technically ferrets have been in the business longer (they have been space-faring for possibly thousands of years before anyone else) but their habitat designs are a tube maze.
(2/2) They're also allowed to do whatever they like to the pigs. It's not like they're human, after all. Workplaces and schools that have had workers or students sent to a farm arrange trips so their former colleagues can chastise and degrade them for being such fat, worthless hogs.
Be honest, how many of you would gain enough weight to be put there on purpose? I know I would!
My mind keeps linking these two together, and now I know why:
Hildegard von Bingen (1098 - 1179) was a German nun, musical composer, writer, and mystic. Inspired by intense bouts of meditation and “visions”, Hildegard’s compositions often focused on death, spirituality, virtues, and the concept of the divine feminine, something that didn’t always sit well with the Catholic church at the time. Known for unusual vocal melodies and the eeriness of her arrangements, Hildegard’s music influence is widespread and can be heard in both religious and secular songs to this day.
One of her most famous compositions, Ordo Virtutum (1151), is a mortality play, which details von Bingen’s intense visions of physical death and spiritual transcendence into the afterlife, as well as the seeming competition between God and the Devil to collect recently departed souls. The main character in this composition, simply called “the soul” was inspired by Hildegard’s real-life close friend and frequent collaborator, a nun by the name of Richardis von Stade. Hildegarde and Richardis had an intense interpersonal relationship (the exact nature of their relationship is highly disputed) and Richardis was often a hidden inspiration for Hildegarde’s compositions.
Sometime in early 1151, Richardis left Hildegarde’s abbey to become the abbess of another abbey close to where her family resided. No reason was given for Richardis’ departure, but her departure deeply hurt Hildegarde, a woman known to be possessive of her friends. She realized that the woman who was once her best friend was now purposely distancing herself. Ordo Virtutum is believed to have been originally composed as a way for Hildegard to tell Richardis not to abandon her, but during the writing process of Ordo Virtutum, Richardis died.
What had initially been a musical work metaphorically mourning the loss of a close friendship therefore became one of actually mourning loss of life. Ordo Virtutum debuted roughly three months after Richardis’ death.
Jerry Fulton Cantrell (1966 -) is an American singer, musician, and songwriter most widely known for his work with grunge pioneers Alice in Chains. From a young age, Cantrell was deeply influenced by Catholic church music, particularly Gregorian chants, as well as hard rock and heavy metal. Through Alice in Chains, these two seemingly opposite musical styles were blended beautifully. The principal lyricist in Alice in Chains, Cantrell’s lyrics often focuses on confusion, mortality, love, hopelessness, and friendship.
Cantrell had a close professional and personal relationship with vocalist Layne Staley, and many of Cantrell’s songs contained obvious references to the emotional closeness he felt to Staley. As Staley’s addiction to heroin (among other drugs) worsened, he became a recluse, eventually cutting himself off from Cantrell and his other band-mates. Cantrell was often known to become jealous and possessive of Staley, something that could have been a factor in the slow dissolution of their friendship.
Cantrell was greatly upset with the “loss” of his one-time best friend, something reflected in the lyrics to “Bargain Basement Howard Hughes”, a song from his second solo album, Degradation Trip. As an album, Degradation Trip largely dealt with a fixation on mortality as well as “sins of the flesh”, detailing the cycle of hedonism and mental delusion that Cantrell felt himself trapped inside of at the time, largely due to grieving over deceased friends and family members.
During the recording process of Degradation Trip, Staley died of a heroin overdose at the age of 33. An album that partially mourned the loss of Cantrell’s relationship with Staley was now one about mourning the actual loss of his life. Degradation Trip was released Two months after Staley’s death and was dedicated to him.
Am I the only one who sees a weird parallel between them based on what I just wrote?