omnivory

nytimes.com
'Excuse Me. May I Have Your Seat?'

Recommended to me by the lovely omnivory, this article is about a psychological experiment done several decades ago where participants had to ask strangers on public transportation to give up their seats, and see how many were willing.

The interesting thing about the article is how participants describe that they felt sick to their stomach while asking – almost to the point of actually needing the seat. They talk about how odd it feels to go against a social norm like that and how uncomfortable they were. Many of them couldn’t even finish the project.

I like this article because it shows that asking for a seat is not easy – even if you need one. When you have an invisible disability, no one is going to give their seat up without being asked; you need to be direct and tell someone that you need to sit down. What many people don’t realize is how embarrassing and difficult this can be. I’ve exaggerated a subtle limp while boarding a bus so that I can get a seat without having to talk to anyone. I’ve also spent bus rides standing, when I really should be taking weight off my legs, because I was too embarrassed to ask anyone for a seat – I didn’t want to draw attention to myself.

I’d love to hear other thoughts on the article and any stories people have about their experiences with having an invisible disability on public transportation.

theguardian.com
Iraqi children pay high health cost of war-induced air pollution, study finds
Researchers identify exposure to toxic materials from explosion of munitions and burning of military waste by US army as cause of birth defects and cancers
By John Vidal

we really need to pay more attention to war, as well as the military generally instead of pretending that eating meat causes climate change.

anonymous asked:

Are you vegan?

I am an omnivore. But I eat very few vegetables.

My diet consists of cereals, fruit, fungi, dairy, and meat of all kinds except fish (including some rather exotic meats when I am in the field).

The only ‘vegetables’ I will eat (and most under special conditions) are: artichoke, bell peppers, chillies of all kinds, onion, garlic (I will eat garlic raw I love it so much), and corn. I may be missing some.

I do not eat leaves of any kind. I am unable to swallow them. It initiates a gag reflex.

This answer became unexpectedly long, so I hide the rest below the cut:

Keep reading

The “humans are herbivorous” argument is biologically vacuous. We have similar dentition and digestive equipment to chimpanzees, which are frugivorous omnivores – they eat primarily plants and especially fruits, but also arthropods and small vertebrates. However, our long intestine is shorter than a chimpanzee’s, making us less suited for digesting plants.

The usual argument is to compare us to bears, but that’s a dubious argument. Bears are omnivorous, but they evolved from carnivores (They’re literally part of order Carnivora and their closest living relatives are the pinnipeds) and thus retain characteristic traits of dentition and digestive tract, even as they’ve moved toward a more heavily plant-based diet, while primates, and especially the great apes, are so consistently herbivorous or plant-focused omnivorous that this is almost certainly where humans and chimps came at omnivory from.

vimeo

This former vegan D.C. barista moved to Washington proper to learn how to kill critters and cut them up. The video features him elegantly quartering a side of pork with four tools and his bare hands. He. Is. Awesome.

A lifelong vegetarian, I began attempting to eat critters about eight months ago for health reasons. It’s hard. It only works (carnivore ED, srsly) when I know where the critter came from, what it ate, and whether it was happy. As I eat I mentally give thanks. There is joy, strength, and humanity in eating, and eating meat can be very much a part of that celebration.

I’ll tell you how eating meat is sustainable.

1. Roughly 37% of the ice-free land surface is used to produce food. Just 11% of ice-free land… or less than one-third of agricultural lands… can be used to grow crops, with somewhere around 3.4% that can be used to grow crops all year long, year after year, without limitations. 26% of ice-free land… or more than two-thirds of agricultural land… can only be used to support livestock. Remove livestock from the equation and more land will have to be cleared to grow crops. Land is not fungible.

2. Most of the phytomass (stems, leaves, hulls, etc.) from crops is not human-edible but can be (and is) fed to livestock. The phytomass (grasses and forbs) that grows on pastures is not human-edible but can be grazed by livestock. Byproducts from the production of vegetable oil, flours, alcoholic beverages, fruit juices, faux milk made from soy, rice or nuts, etc. are either not human-edible or not palatable to humans but can be fed to livestock. Likewise, food waste from farms, grocery stores, restaurants and cafeterias can be used to raise monogastric livestock (pigs and poultry). Most of these practices are already in use. (The bulk of concentrated feeds are made up of byproducts and crop residues.) Remove livestock from the equation and you will have to increase the amount land that is cleared for crop production.

3. The blue water number… meaning ground water (aquifiers) and surface water (rivers, lakes and ponds)… is the only number that counts when discussing water footprints, and then it only counts if we are talking about agriculture that occurs in regions such as California where water-stress is the rule and not the exception. Most farm animals are NOT raised in regions where water stress is a concern. Most fruits, nuts and vegetables ARE raised in regions where water-stress is a major concern. The question isn’t whether eating meat is sustainable. (Grazing livestock is considered the most sustainable method of food production in arid and semi-arid regions.) The question is whether consumer demand for fresh fruits and vegetables all year long, regardless of where they live, is sustainable. The current demand for certain nuts such as almonds and pistachios may also not be sustainable. And by the way, some of these plant foods have both a higher blue water footprint and a higher carbon footprint than some meats.

4. In regards to health care, doing without meat may not be sustainable. There are multiple studies that have found serious nutritional deficiencies among vegans and (to a lesser degree) vegetarians who consume dairy and/or eggs. There are also studies that suggest raising children on a meatless diet may stunt their physical, emotional and intellectual development.

http://www.alternet.org/comments/food/can-we-eat-meat-and-still-reduce-greenhouse-gas-emissions#comment-2416247129

Protein isn’t protein isn’t protein….all proteins are made up of different mixtures of amino acids including essential amino acids. Meats have higher concentrations than plants of those essential amino acids. Thus meats, when it comes to protein, are much more nutrient dense. You can eat smaller quantities and get all your essential amino acids. Below is a comparison of red meat and broccoli. You have to eat a lot more RAW broccoli to get the same amounts of essential amino acids as meat. So no not all protein is equivalent. With Iron, there’s heme and non-heme iron. Heme iron is more bio-available.Heme iron is from meat. Non-heme iron from plants sources. Also Oxalic acid in foods like spinach also blocks absorption of iron from plant sources like spinach. So no, not all iron is equal either,

https://disqus.com/home/discussion/grist/this_huge_ugly_fruit_is_a_surprisingly_good_meat_substitute/#comment-2667546243

Let’s edit this for accuracy, shall we?

Vegans: So would you maybe ever think of going vegan?  No pressure, or anything…but if you want to be compassionate, you’re morally obligated.  Also, it’ll totally save water, the rainforests, and those poor little starving kids in Africa…they all suffer because of the meat industry, because that’s synonymous with industrial agriculture, right?  Universal veganism is the only way to save the planet!  Here’s some evidence in the form of highly questionable numbers from sources with vested interests; that proves it!
Non-Vegans:  Those sources look dubious.  Equating omnivory with industrial agriculture is dishonest; industrially-grown crops aren’t sustainable themselves, and omnivory is not by definition reliant on factory farming.  Also, have you ever considered that veganism won’t necessarily suit everyone’s health?  After all, no matter what you may have heard from PeTA, humans are actually physiological omnivores and bioavailability is a thing.  And did you know that veganism isn’t even universally accessible?  I think this is a matter of personal piety that you’re trying to turn into one of basic morality without entirely thinking it through, and you’re grasping at straws to try to justify that.
Vegans:  What was that?  All I heard was “yeah but poor me though.“  Try being compassionate like me.

(submitted by avatar-dacia)

Most of the soy that is farmed is used as food for farmed animals.

The soy used in human food products is often organically grown and non-GMO. Soy is a fantastic source of protein and other nutrients.


Wrong. Most of the soy that is farmed (8o% globally, 95% in the USA) is crushed for vegetable oil and biodiesel, with the byproducts (soy meal, aka oil meal) used in animal feeds for livestock, farmed fish and pets, and to a lesser degree in human consumables (soy flour, textured vegetable protein, etc.)

http://www.motherjones.com/tom-philpott/2016/03/seitan-tofu-tuna-fysh-lobby-plant-based-foods-association#comment-2563322839

I’m so sick of the ‘eating meat is part of nature’ argument. Yes, of course animals eat other animals. However, humans are indisputably unique in our systematic abuse, torture, and lifelong confinement of 'food’ animals.

The human invention of agriculture (and now intensive farming) is SO far removed from the 'natural’ practice of omnivory & carnivory that the two just cannot be compared by a reasonable person.

Several studies have reached the conclusion that replacing meat and dairy with plant foods may raise your carbon footprint. Such studies tend to look at the choices people actually make instead of comparing meat and/or dairy to a diet of wheat and potatoes. If you are truly interested in understanding the issues surrounding the environment and food production, you will take the time to read these studies and papers. The first is an excerpt from a book by Vaclav Smil.

Should Humans Eat Meat? - What can and should be done about human carnivory? Vaclav Smil answers in this excerpt from his new book
http://www.scientificamerican….

Energy use, blue water footprint, and greenhouse gas emissions for current food consumption patterns and dietary recommendations in the US
https://www.researchgate.net/p…

Greenhouse gas emissions of self-selected individual diets in France: Changing the diet structure or consuming less?
http://susfood-db-era.net/drup…

Greenhouse gas emissions of realistic dietary choices in Denmark: the carbon footprint and nutritional value of dairy products
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pm…

Greenhouse Gas Emissions and the Australian Diet—Comparing Dietary Recommendations with Average Intakes
http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/…

Testing a complete-diet model for estimating the land resource
requirements of food consumption and agricultural carrying capacity: The New York State example
http://www.farmlandinfo.org/si…

The one thing that I take away from these studies and papers is that this is a complicated issue that does not lend itsself to simplistic, one-size solutions.

they are getting killed already, not eating all of the animal is wasteful. and veganism is 100% unsustainable and often kills more animals than eating actual animals.
but you don’t see those of course and vegans have set up actual crop death denial sites.
first they called it accidental, now it’s rarely happening. and pest control doesn’t exist either, not on fields [ animals respond well to “DO NOT EAT” signs!] or in silos/warehouses.
even though our local homebase kills hundreds of mice per year just to protect their bird food.
but when it comes to plant foods that humans eat animals just stay away.
top of the food chain,bitch!
rawfoodsos.com
My Un-Vegetarianniversary, Announcements, and Being a MTHFR Mutant

Ten years ago last month, after a decade of meatless-and-fishless youthhood, I took a bite of salmon sashimi and never looked back. It was a very good day. Actually, that’s not true. It was a very …conflicted day. I was seventeen, stubborn, malnourished, college-brain-overloaded, and really flippin’ hungry. I’d spent a good two hours prepping for an English Lit class potluck—carving a watermelon into the shape of a peacock and adorning it with skewered melon balls, assuring myself that even if the rest of the party was a terrifying apocalypse of pizza and cheese cubes, at least I could eat my fruit bird.

It turned out the pizza was a no-show, but someone had the genius idea—and I say that without a shred of sarcasm—of bringing a huge takeout platter of sushi. I spent some time gnawing on a cantaloupe ball, glancing furtively at the fish display, admiring its arrangement in the way one might admire a Van Gogh: with aesthetic awe, but no desire to shove it into my mouth and chew.

That changed pretty fast. I still don’t really know what happened: the salmon seemed to leap supernaturally from its plate to my hand, and then suddenly I was swallowing the first piece of animal flesh I’d touched in ten years. And oh, was it divine. Love at first bite! Utter foodgasm! A soulmate encounter, of sorts, except ending with one person eating the other person instead of them getting married and having 1.7 children. But otherwise the same! Thank you, salmon sashimi, and thank you forgotten classmate who allowed us to unite.

Ultimately, that moment forced me to grab a Humility Crowbar and pry open my then-vegetarian mind. Had I not experienced the the rabid, primal devouring of Forbidden Fish and the full-body ecstasy that followed, I never would’ve realized how starving I was for something it contained. I never would’ve started arguing with people on the internet who insisted I was just high on the fish’s death juju. I never would’ve gotten banned from forums for trying to help struggling vegans. And I most likely never would’ve started this blog, which emerged as a reaction to all the above.

All from some slabs of raw salmon in 2004!

I think that’s well worth celebrating. So I want to take a moment to thank you for joining me on this journey, for following a blog I never expected to have more than a handful of readers, and for generously lending me your time in this little slice of internet real estate. You guys make this whole thing worthwhile. Please know that every comment, email, and pair of silently perusing eyes is appreciated more than I can describe.

oh god yes! that feeling of nourishment! it is divine. even though i was not a vegan anymore but a vegetarian with vegan leanings i went on a salmon, egg, and butter spree after i went back to omnivory for environmental/sustainability reasons. 

i was still eating a lot of grain and little animal foods /sat fats when my intuition told me, after months of heart palpitations, to give up my breakfast porridge and replace it with eggs [i’d had a similar experience with my 2nd pregnancy regarding 24/7 nausea].

then i came across a christmas salmon offer and tried some. 

i imagine that’s how plant feels when it rains again after a prolonged drought.

You didn’t post a UN report. Learn how to tell the difference between a UN report and an article by a reporter who misinterpreted the report.

As for your question about my diet, I am a homesteader who has been raising most of my own food for thirty-two years. I moved to the country to start raising my own food after reading a book that discussed the fact that dang near seventy percent of the fruits, nuts and vegetables (including those used in frozen entrees and canned foods) consumed in North America were grown in the arid state of California and that a water crisis would be a part of that state’s future as a result. I didn’t want to contribute to that mess.

Guess what? That future is now.

Yes, I raise animals for meat, dairy and eggs. I could not grow as much food as I do without livestock. Crops require a lot more work and a lot more inputs than my animals do. There are not enough hours in the day for me to do the work required to replace the food from my animals with food from crops (complete with all the nutritional deficiencies that would occur as a result of that trade-off). I would also have to expand my gardens by destroying habitat… my pastures… that wild animals also depend on. In fact, more animals would die so I could eat if I were to replace my pastures with crop land, and their deaths would not be as quick and painless as the deaths of those animals that are raised for meat.

There are studies that have tried to estimate the number of animals killed as a result of crop cultivation. One estimate suggested that twenty field mice are killed in order to produce just one loaf of bread. (Field mice are used in these study because they tend to remain in one small area for the duration of their lives and so are easier to count.) By comparison, I can raise one lamb on pasture for eight to ten months and get some thirty pounds of meat, and just one animal will have died to provide me with that meat.

I’m not much of a gambler but I’d be willing to bet that my diet kills fewer animals than yours does. If you were truly concerned about doing the least harm, you’d also start including meat from animals that were raised and finished on pasture in your diet. But of course, that would mean dropping your religious fervor and learning how to think.

We are omnivores. Our teeth and digestive track reflect that.
You know perfectly well that humans have been eating meat for thousands of years. If our digestive system was not designed for it, populations that ate almost all meat would have never survived. Instead, Alaskan natives for instance, did quite well until they started eating the American industrial diet and they would not have been able to do that unless humans were capable of eating meat and thriving.
The fact that the vegan diet absolutely requires supplementation proves that is not our natural diet.

anonymous asked:

everytime I tell someone I'm trying to go vegan they look at me like I'm crazy and they say their opinions on vegans and how "bad and stupid it is" why are people like this. I just want people to support me in my choices lmao

Do the same thing. Every time they talk shit tell them eating meat is bad for your health, red meat is linked to cancer, too much protein is unhealthy, meat is murder, animal agriculture is ruining the environment, and that omnivory is bad and stupid. When they tell you you’re being annoying and pushy, look them dead in the eye and go, “you don’t say” with absolutely no emotion.