oldest-man-in-the-us

Obit of the Day: The Oldest Man in the U.S.

Shelby Lewis was born on the 90th day of the 20th century; just four weeks after the inauguration of President William McKinley. A native of Indiana, Mr. Lewis moved to Rock Island, Illinois after World War II and lived there for the remainder of his days.

He served as a church deacon until he was 102. He lived alone “with some help” until he was 105. And this spring, just after his 111th birthday, Mr. Harris threw out the first pitch for the minor league Quad-Cities River Bandits. (Not the first supercentenarian to throw out the ball at a ball game. Check out Walter Bruening who threw out the first pitch in Montana at the age of 110.)

At the time of his death, Mr. Harris’ youngest grandson 56. He also had great-great-great grandchildren.

Note: The world’s oldest man is Jiroemon Kimura, who is 115 years old as of this post. Besse Cooper of Georgia (U.S.) is the oldest living person and will turn 116 on August 26, 2012, the Lord willing. Mr. Harris was the 51st oldest person in the world when he passed away.

Additional sources: chicagotribune.com, www.army.mil, and wikipedia.org

(Image  is copyright John Greenwood, Moline Dispatch/Rock IslIrmand Argus, July 29, 2012 and courtesy of chicagotribune.com)

Other supercentenarians featured on Obit of the Day:

Irma Schmidt, 112, oldest resident of Connecticut

Wesley E. Brown, 104, oldest sitting judge in the U.S.

Delma Kollar, 114, fourth oldest person in the world

Buster Marting, 104, “world’s oldest” marathoner

Flossie Carter, 111, Pittsburgh’s oldest sports fan

Leila Denmark, 114, world’s oldest physician (OOTD personal favorite)

Florence Sorrell Smith, 107, world’s oldest leap year baby

Egyptian Blue – The Oldest Known Artificial Pigment


Egyptian Blue, also known as calcium copper silicate, is one of the first artificial pigments known to have been used by man. The oldest known example of the exquisite pigment is said to be about 5000 years old, found in a tomb painting dated to the reign of Ka-Sen, the last pharaoh of the First Dynasty. Others, however, state that the earliest evidence of the use of Egyptian blue is from the Fourth Dynasty and the Middle Kingdom, around 4,500 years ago. Nevertheless, by the New Kingdom, Egyptian Blue was used plentifully as a pigment in painting and can be found on statues, tomb paintings and sarcophagi. In addition, Egyptian blue was used to produce a ceramic glaze known as Egyptian faience.

External image

Egyptian faience hippopotamus. Credit: British Museum

Its characteristic blue colour, resulting from one of its main components — copper — ranges from a light to a dark hue, depending on differential processing and composition. If the pigment is ground coarsely, it produces a rich, dark blue, while very finely-ground pigment produces a pale, ethereal blue.  It is made by heating a mixture of a calcium compound (typically calcium carbonate), a copper-containing compound (metal filings or malachite), silica sand and soda or potash as a flux, to around 850-950 C.

In Egyptian belief, blue was considered as the colour of the heavens, and hence the universe. It was also associated with water and the Nile. Thus, blue was the colour of life, fertility and rebirth. One of the naturally blue objects that the Egyptians had access to was lapis lazuli, a deep blue semi-precious stone  which could be ground up into powder, although this was a luxury item and had to be imported from Afghanistan. Therefore, it is not too surprising that the Egyptians sought to produce a synthetic pigment to use as a substitute for the blue lapis lazuli.    

External image

Hunting in the marshes (fragment), tomb chapel of Nebamun. Credit: British Museum.

The manufacture of Egyptian Blue eventually spread beyond Egypt’s borders, and can be found throughout the Mediterranean. Egyptian Blue has been found in numerous Greek and Roman objects, including statues from the Parthenon in Athens and wall paintings in Pompeii. Despite its extensive application in art, Egyptian Blue ceased to be used, and its method of production was forgotten when the Roman era came to an end.

In the 19th century, Egyptian Blue was re-discovered. The excavations at Pompeii revealed that many wall paintings had Egyptian Blue on them, and this prompted scientists to investigate the exact composition of this pigment.  Since then, researchers have gained a much deeper understanding of its unique properties.  Experiments found that Egyptian Blue has the highly unusual quality of emitting infrared light when red light is shone onto it. This emission is extraordinarily powerful and long-lived, but cannot be seen by the naked eye, because human vision does not normally extend into the infrared range of the light spectrum. In addition, scientists unexpectedly discovered that Egyptian Blue will split into ‘nanosheets’ – a thousand times thinner than a human hair – if stirred in warm water for several days.  Scientists now believe that its unique properties may make Egyptian Blue suitable for a variety of modern applications.

Egyptian Blue may one day be utilized for communication purposes, as its beams are similar to those used in remote controls and telecommunication devices. Moreover, Egyptian blue could be used in advanced biomedical imaging, as its near-infrared radiation is able to penetrate through tissue better than other wavelengths. As an ink solution, Egyptian blue opens up new ways for its incorporation into modern appliances, such as the development of new types of security ink and possibly as a dye in the biomedical field.  While the use of Egyptian blue in modern high-tech applications is still in its infancy at this stage, it does seem that its future is a bright one.

Featured image: Left: Egyptian blue shown in an image of Ramses III 1170 BC. Image source. Right: Egyptian Blue pigment. Image source

http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-technology/egyptian-blue-oldest-artificial-pigment-ever-produced-001745#!brM20c

- See more at: http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-technology/egyptian-blue-oldest-artificial-pigment-ever-produced-001745#!brM20c

Lapis lazuli is one of my favorite and most powerful stones. This stone is the stone of truth and helps awaken your third eye or brow chakra. It is a powerful crystal for activating the higher mind and enhancing intellectual ability. It stimulates the desire for knowledge, truth and understanding, and aids the process of learning.

Lapis is one of the oldest spiritual stones known to man, used by healers, priests and royalty, for power, wisdom and to stimulate psychic abilities and inner vision. It represents universal truth.

Since it is so helpful with truth, it helps bring out suppressed feelings and help you deal with them without anger or harm to others. Help yourself and others by getting some Lapis :) namaste and have a great day!

Ouran High School Host Club

Let me tell you about this here show:

Everything starts when this poor soul named Haruhi wanders into the wrong room at this rich ass school and ends up getting in trouble with these fuckers:

This one’s Kyoya Ootori:

He’s the one in charge of the club’s finances. And man does he take his job seriously.

This one’s Mori Takashi:

He doesn’t say much, but man is he protective.

And who is he protective of, you may ask? This guy, named Honey Mitsukuni:

But don’t let his cute demeanor fool you. He’s one of the oldest in the club and could probably kill a man.

Which leads us to these glorious bastards:

Hikaru and Kaoru Hitachiin. Twins with a hankering for mischief of all kinds. 

And finally the KING of these fuckers:

Tamaki Suoh. One of the most unashamedly narcissistic and dramatic characters you will probably ever meet.

 BUT WAIT

What is this Host Club of theirs? What is its purpose?

Well you see, these rich bastards have too much time on their hands. So they spend it at the Host Club, where the club’s main purpose is to please and make happy all its female guests. In whatever way they can. And this is not just a perceived “what women/girls fantasize about” sort of show. Oh no. I mean, you’ve read fanfiction, so you can probably guess from there….

Plus it’s a parody of the Shojo genre, and is freakin’ hilarious! 

WATCH IT!

dub episode one  (Even if you typically prefer sub versions, def. give this dub version a chance)

sub episode one

This has been a PSA. (mainly for yeahishipitbitch)

youtube

Salt is one of man’s oldest, most-used and most important ingredients. But do you have any idea where your salt comes from? See how Jacobsen Salt makes their acclaimed finishing salts along the seashores of Oregon. (via Original Fare)