Jack Frost is the personification of frost, ice, snow, sleet, and freezing cold weather.
Although there is some kind of variant of Jack Frost amongst different cultures, it is genuinely believed to have originated from Nordic or Anglo-Saxon roots. Jokul Frosti was the son of a wind god, and had control over the winter forces.
In Russia, he is portrayed as Grandfather Frost.
In Germany, the entity is female, and is known by Mother Hulda who lived in the sky and created snow by dropping white feathers from her bed.
During the 19th century, Jack Frost had been characterised to be sprite-like. Due to this, he was depicted to be small and of young age, either a young adult or a teenager. He may also have white hair, blue clothing, and icicles adorning his body.
However, often at times before he was depicted as an old man with a white beard.
He is commonly shown as a mischief-making spirit, carefree and happiest when he can behave as he pleases. Although he is said to be a friendly spirit, he can be very dangerous if one were to insult him - he will bring death by smothering them with snow or turning them into frost.
He is traditionally thought to leave the frosty, fern-like patterns on windows on cold winter mornings, as well as frostbites. He is sometimes described or depicted with paint brush and bucket colouring the autumnal foliage red, yellow, brown, and orange.
shownu: santa because we all know he runs the north pole that is monsta x’s dorm. he’s also patient, kind, and bashful, much like the big old christmas man himself.
wonho: jack frost because he has that mysterious yet intriguing feel to him. however, once you get to know him he can mischievous and a lot of fun.
minhyuk: an elf because he’s our happy go lucky ball of energy. he’s a jokester and plays pranks on his members and brings the laughter to the party.
kihyun: mrs. claus, hands down. he’s monsta x’s mom, always taking care of the other members. he’s cooking for them, cleaning up after them, and making sure they stay out of trouble. he’d also probably bake some pretty heavenly cookies.
jooheon: olaf because he’s a cute little ball of aegyo that you would want to just put in your pocket and protect for the rest of your life. he would easily make you smile with his antics and you’d know without a doubt that he’d melt for you and you for him.
hyungwon: the nutcracker because he’s handsome, tall, and charming. he’d sweep you off your feet and protect you from anything that would harm you, like mice with crowns for example (get it?)
i.m: rudolph because let’s be real, when he first joined the no mercy competition, the other members initially were really cold to him because they felt it was unfair that he joined late. much like rudolph, he was left out at first but, now he shines brightly and his talent and personally adds color to monsta x overall.
Illustration for “Morozko,” by Arthur A. Dixon. 1917.
It is funny how Morozko (Father Frost/Old Man Winter) is portrayed here as a smallish imp. He is always an imposing figure in Russian folk-tales and illustrations. After all, his origin is in the Russian pre-Christian god of winter, a fearsome deity who could be both cruel and kind.
The girl should also technically only have one braid, not two (as she is a maiden of marriageable age and not a child), but her costume overall is very well done.
-Kazuma Kaneko’s depictions of Jack Frost and traditional depictions
Jack Frost is a composite of several characters like Father Frost/Väterchen Frost, Old Man Winter/Father Winter and Jokul Frosti. He is said to control winter elements.
He is connected to cold weather and winter precipitation. Most legends portray him as a sprite like character, fairy or elf: small and with young-looking features. He may also have white hair, blue clothing, or icicles adorning his body.
He can create winter conditions and ice patterns on windows (Eisblumen/ice flowers) or snowflakes are believed to be the work of Jack Frost. He also makes our noses and ears go red by pinching them.
He is said to be jolly, benevolent (wants to bring happiness to other people) and comical however he can also be mischievous and sometimes villainous (if provoked he can kill his victims by covering them with snow).
In the springtime, he will make small mirrors out of puddles so that we can see our reflection and in autumn, he makes the leaves fall down from trees to prepare the environment for winter.
The earliest representation of Jack Frost arose in Norse folklore namely Jokul Frosti. Jokul Frosti/Icicle Frost was the son of the Norse wind god Kari, and he used his abilities to paint trees and to create crystal engravings.
Father Frost, a Russian character also inspired Jack a lot.
In Germany there is a female version called Mutter Hulda/Frau Holle who appears in the fairytale Frau Holle and who spreads winter by dropping white feathers from her bed.
Saint Nicholas of Myra was a 4th-century Greek Christian bishop of Myra (now Demre) in Lycia, a province of the Byzantine Empire, now in Turkey. Nicholas was famous for his generous gifts to the poor.
The modern figure of Santa Claus is derived from the Dutch figure of Sinterklaas, whose name is a dialectal pronounciation of Saint Nicholas, the historical Greek bishop and gift-giver of Myra. He brings present on 5th December, and his day is on 6th December.
Santa Claus tradition migrated from Amsterdam to America. He become a popular character for Christmas campaigns, and changed from the original. He lives on the North Pole, his reindeer can fly, and he brings presents during the Christmas Eve. When Haddon Sundblom drew a Santa for Coca-Cola campaign, his version of the character become known all over the world.
Canadian Santa lives on the North Pole, too, which according to Canada Post lies within Canadian jurisdiction in postal code. Canada Post receives millions of letters addressed to Santa Claus each year.
Finnish Santa (Joulupukki, Yule Goat) lives in Korvatunturi, Finland. It’s a fell which stands 486 metres above sea level. It has three peaks, with the middle on in-between Finland and Russia’s borders. Finnish Santa gets over 500 000 letters each year from 190 countries, especially from Japan. Finnish Santa can’t fly with his sled, and delivers presents in person. Used to be a pretty mean character, but Coca-Cola made him nicer…
Danish Santa works in Greenland, and has an office in Nuuk. He has a wife and seven children. Danish Santa gets over 200 000 letters each year from all over the world.
Near the Swedish city of Mora is a small town called Gesunda, where lives an elf (Jultompten, Yule Elf) that’s an equivalent of Santa Claus. The elf is over 400 years old, and brings presents on the Christmas Eve.
Norwegian Julnissen lives in a small town of Drøbak. Because his house is located so south, he doesn’t have reindeer but Fjord horses.
In Russia, Ded Moroz (Old man Frost, Santa Claus’ Russian “cousin”), and his granddaughter Snegurochka (Snow Maiden) bring presents to children during the New Year’s Eve parties.
In some countries, angels or the Baby Jesus bring the Christmas gifts, like in Hungary.
Ded Moroz is a fictional character who in some Slavic cultures plays a role similar to that of Santa Claus. Ded Moroz is said to bring presents to children, however, unlike the secretive Santa Claus, the gifts are often delivered “in person”, at New Year’s Eve parties and other New Year celebrations.
Depictions of Ded Moroz commonly show him accompanied by Snegurochka (“Snow Maiden”), his granddaughter and helper, who is often depicted in long silver-blue robes and a furry cap or a snowflake-like crown.