old clipper

Solar System: Things to Know This Week

Earth is the ultimate ocean planet (that we know of), but it turns out that our solar system has water in some surprising places, with five ocean-bearing moons and potentially several more worlds with their own oceans. 

1. The Original “Alien Ocean”

Our Galileo spacecraft (1989-2003) detected the first evidence of an ocean beyond Earth under the ice of Jupiter’s icy moon Europa.

2. Lost Oceans

There are signs that Mars and Venus once had oceans, but something catastrophic may have wiped them out. Earth’s natural force field – our magnetosphere – acts like shield against the erosive force of the solar wind.

3. Earth, the Original Ocean World

The search for life beyond Earth relies, in large part, on understanding our home planet. Among the newest Earth ocean explorers us the Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System, or CYGNSS–a constellation of microsatellites that will make detailed measurements of wind speeds over Earth’s oceans to help understand hurricanes. The spacecraft have moved into their science operations phase.

4. Sister Ships

It’s fitting the first mission to explore an alien ocean is named in honor of fast-sailing clipper ships of old. Our Europa Clipper spacecraft will seek signs of habitability on Jupiter’s moon Europa.

5. Game Changer

Scientists expected Saturn’s moon Enceladus to be a tiny, solid chunk of ice and rock. But, not long after arriving at Saturn, our Cassini spacecraft made a series of incremental discoveries, eventually confirming that a global subsurface ocean is venting into space, with signs of hydrothermal activity.

6. Why Ocean Worlds Matter

“The question of whether or not life exists beyond Earth, the question of whether or not biology works beyond our home planet, is one of humanity’s oldest and yet unanswered questions. And for the first time in the history of humanity, we have the tools and technology and capability to potentially answer this question. And, we know where to go to find it. Jupiter’s ocean world Europa.” - Kevin Hand, NASA Astrobiologist

7. More Alien Oceans

Scientists think Jupiter’s giant moons Ganymede and Callisto also hide oceans beneath their surfaces. Elsewhere in the solar system, scientists hope to look for hidden oceans on far-flung worlds from Ceres in the main asteroid belt to Pluto in the Kuiper Belt.

8. Cold Faithful(s)?

Thanks to our Cassini orbiter we know the tiny moon Enceladus is venting its ocean into space in a towering, beautiful plume. The Hubble Space Telescope also has seen tantalizing hints of plumes on Jupiter’s moon Europa. Plumes are useful because they provide samples of ocean chemistry for oceans that could be miles below the surface and difficult for spacecraft to reach. It’s like they’re giving out free samples!

9. Titanic Seas and Ocean

Saturn’s moon Titan not only has liquid hydrocarbon seas on its surface. It also shows signs of a global, subsurface saltwater ocean–making the giant moon a place to possibly look for life as we know it and life as we don’t know it … yet.

10. Oceans Beyond

Several of the thousands of planets discovered beyond our solar system orbit their stars in zones where liquid surface water is possible–including Proxima-b, a rocky planet orbiting the star nearest to our own.

BONUS: Adopt a bit of YOUR Ocean World

We invite everyone to help us celebrate Earth Day 2017 by virtually adopting a piece of Earth as seen from space. Your personalized adoption certificate will feature data from our Earth-observing satellites for a randomly assigned location, much of it ocean (it is 70 percent of the Earth’s surface after all!). Print it and share it, then explore other locations with our interactive map and get even more Earth science data from NASA’s Worldview website.

Visit go.nasa.gov/adopt to adopt your piece of the planet today!

Discover more lists of 10 things to know about our solar system HERE.

Make sure to follow us on Tumblr for your regular dose of space: http://nasa.tumblr.com

Scrooge’s Grief for Della Duck (An Essay):

A.K.A. Scrooge McDuck grieves and misses his niece Della, but has tried to bury that pain for the past ten years. 

DuckTales handled Scrooge’s grief for Della wonderfully for me.

His grief isn’t apparent like Donald’s, or the consequences of her disappearance aren’t obviously shown as it is with Donald. His overprotectiveness comes from losing his sister.

Scrooge’s a man constantly on guard with his feelings. It’s like pulling  teeth out when it concerns him opening emotionally. He doesn’t want to appear vulnerable, and this is a feature from the comics. Pride and fear keeps his emotions close and under his heart. His hidden grief for Della, or rather her absence, and the subsequent rift it caused in his family, is in-character.

But this could be guilt as well. I have the opinion he may believe he’s responsible for TSPoS incident despite what he tells Donald.

This essay is currently over 2,000 words long, so I understand if you’re not interested in reading. These are my personal observations after rewatching the pilot movie on Youtube (it’s DisneyXD’s official channel), and from my personal readings of Don Rosa and Carl Barks’ comics, which have been a while. I plan to reread Carl Barks as soon as I can as well as catch up with the European comics.

Disney isn’t holding any punches for this show. It was a 23 hour marathon for the pilot movie. Thanks, Disney.

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Morally ambiguous Overwatch AU where Talon is a terrorist organization attempting to induce revolution through necessity, the assassination of Mondatta was planned not to shut him down, but to create a Martyr that would forward Mondattas cause in such a way that he could never achieve in life. Their crimes and heists were constructed specifically to provoke Overwatch, and they are all around manipulating the world through circumstance in an attempt to- in the harshest way possible- unify the world against whatever “evil” they foresee.

Like, not an AU where Talon is secretly “good”, but an AU where Talon was more deep and interesting than, say, my mothers old toenail clippers.

Sea Shanties in Sea Witchery

The vivid image of an old clipper sailing across the open ocean would be incomplete, and even in accurate, without the sound of an old sea shanty being sung by the crew. While often times sea shanties are made trivial in pop culture, used to add atmosphere to kids shows with pirate or sea themes, sea shanties were actually not known to the layperson until the 20th century, which saw the revival of the old tunes. Shanties had fallen out of favor a century before at the introduction of steam powered engines on vessels. Why? Because shanties were work songs. They were not sung for entertainment, but to pass the time as sailors worked during their long periods at sea. Shanties brought relief to tired arms and weakened bodies by giving a boost in morale and spirit to all aboard a vessel. In fact, such a difference did shanties make, that any sailor with a good strong voice was always well favored aboard any ship.

As with all things, a witch can find good use in taking sea shanties and using them for their Ways. Since the traditional tunes were only used for work, there is a level a sacredness attached to them, even outside of working the Ways. When anything is given such specific purpose, it allows the mind to become enflamed easier, and gives great efficacy to any working in which it may be involved. When concerning the Ways, it becomes even more so a room in the practitioners arsenal. This holds specially true for any who enjoy singing. Using ones vocal ability to create magic is not something new in the history of witchcraft, but it’s not uncommon to hear practitioners say they are not sure how to involve singing in their Ways. Luckily, for sea witchery, we have shanties.

There need not be any existing shanties with words that much up to ones desire. In fact, all one needs is the tune. A particularly powerful shanty, “Role the Old Chariot Along,” is an example of a powerful and driving shanty. While the words have good use in work aboard a ship, they have little to do with working the Ways. But witches have always been wordsmiths. After all, to spell something means to cast words over it. This means that a sea witch can create the words necessary to their desire, using a bit of cunning and word smithing, and insert them into the tune of any sea shanty which may fit the desired mood, and begin.

In traditional witchcraft, particularly threads based in the Cochranean tradition, there is a practiced known as ‘Treading the Mill.’ This practice involves the witch walking dextrally or sinistrally and speaking words at length, all in accordance with their will and desire. This is a perfect example of how a shanty might be used by a sea witch. Perhaps a different name would be more appropriate, but the effect is quite the same. Aside from this, the practitioner might involve the use of shanties while sewing together charm pouches, tying together shells and string, or conjuring forth a great storm. The applications only end where ones creativity ends.

Red Sky at Morning - Part 2

Word Count: 3684

Pairing: Dean x Reader

Warnings: Language

Series Rewrite Masterlist


“Bela.” You snarled under your breath, walking up to the last victim’s house. She was impersonating a reporter and interviewing the victim’s brother, asking about the ship the man’s brother saw.

“Keep your cool.” Sam gripped your shoulder. “Just don’t shoot her yet.”

“Ok.” You took a deep breath in through your nose and out through your mouth.

“There ya go.” Sam said.

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