oil research

Spoonie witch tip

Use an essential oil diffuser to cleanse your home or to infuse it with a specific intention ─ there’s a wide variety of individual oils or blends for magical uses as well as overall well being plus most have a timer and can be prepared in advance or with moon water ☁️

10 “Spinoffs of Tomorrow” You Can License for Your Business

The job of the our Technology Transfer Program is pretty straight-forward – bring NASA technology down to Earth. But, what does that actually mean? We’re glad you asked! We transfer the cool inventions NASA scientists develop for missions and license them to American businesses and entrepreneurs. And that is where the magic happens: those business-savvy licensees then create goods and products using our NASA tech. Once it hits the market, it becomes a “NASA Spinoff.”

If you’re imagining that sounds like a nightmare of paperwork and bureaucracy, think again. Our new automated “ATLAS” system helps you license your tech in no time — online and without any confusing forms or jargon.

So, sit back and browse this list of NASA tech ripe for the picking (well, licensing.) When you find something you like, follow the links below to apply for a license today! You can also browse the rest of our patent portfolio - full of hundreds of available technologies – by visiting technology.nasa.gov.

1. Soil Remediation with Plant-Fungal Combinations

Ahh, fungus. It’s fun to say and fun to eat—if you are a mushroom fan. But, did you know it can play a crucial role in helping trees grow in contaminated soil? Scientists at our Ames Research Center discovered that a special type of the fungus among us called “Ectomycorrhizal” (or EM for short) can help enhance the growth of trees in areas that have been damaged, such as those from oil spills.

2. Preliminary Research Aerodynamic Design to Lower Drag

When it comes to aircraft, drag can be, well…a drag. Luckily, innovators at our Armstrong Flight Research Center are experimenting with a new wing design that removes adverse yaw (or unwanted twisting) and dramatically increases aircraft efficiency by reducing drag. Known as the “Preliminary Research Aerodynamic Design to Lower Drag (PRANDTL-D)” wing, this design addresses integrated bending moments and lift to achieve drag reduction.

3. Advancements in Nanomaterials

What do aircraft, batteries, and furniture have in common? They can ALL be improved with our nanomaterials.  Nanomaterials are very tiny materials that often have unique optical, electrical and mechanical properties. Innovators at NASA’s Glenn Research Center have developed a suite of materials and methods to optimize the performance of nanomaterials by making them tougher and easier to process. This useful stuff can also help electronics, fuel cells and textiles.

4. Green Precision Cleaning

Industrial cleaning is hard work. It can also be expensive when you have to bring in chemicals to get things squeaky. Enter “Green Precision Cleaning,” which uses the nitrogen bubbles in water instead. The bubbles act as a scrubbing agent to clean equipment. Goddard Space Flight Center scientists developed this system for cleaning tubing and piping that significantly reduces cost and carbon consumption. Deionized water (or water that has been treated to remove most of its mineral ions) takes the place of costlier isopropyl alcohol (IPA) and also leaves no waste, which cuts out the pricey process of disposal. The cleaning system quickly and precisely removes all foreign matter from tubing and piping.

5. Self-Contained Device to Isolate Biological Samples

When it comes to working in space, smaller is always better. Innovators at our Johnson Space Center have developed a self-contained device for isolating microscopic materials like DNA, RNA, proteins, and cells without using pipettes or centrifuges. Think of this technology like a small briefcase full of what you need to isolate genetic material from organisms and microorganisms for analysis away from the lab. The device is also leak-proof, so users are protected from chemical hazards—which is good news for astronauts and Earth-bound scientists alike.

6. Portable, Rapid, Quiet Drill

When it comes to “bringing the boom,” NASA does it better than anyone. But sometimes, we know it’s better to keep the decibels low.
That’s why innovators at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory have developed a new handheld drilling device, suitable for a variety of operations, that is portable, rapid and quiet. Noise from drilling operations often becomes problematic because of the location or time of operations. Nighttime drilling can be particularly bothersome and the use of hearing protection in the high-noise areas may be difficult in some instances due to space restrictions or local hazards. This drill also weighs less than five pounds – talk about portable power.  

7. Damage Detection System for Flat Surfaces

The ability to detect damage to surfaces can be crucial, especially on a sealed environment that sustains human life or critical equipment. Enter Kennedy Space Center’s damage detection system for flat composite surfaces.
The system is made up of layered composite material, with some of those layers containing the detection system imbedded right in.
Besides one day potentially keeping humans safe on Mars, this tech can also be used on aircrafts, military shelters, inflatable structures and more.

8. Sucrose-Treated Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Yarns and Sheets

We all know what a spoonful of sugar is capable of. But, who knew it could help make some materials stronger? Innovators at NASA’s Langley Research Center did! They use dehydrated sucrose to create yarns and woven sheets of carbon nanotubes and graphene.

The resulting materials are lightweight and strong. Sucrose is inexpensive and readily available, making the process cost-effective. Makes you look at the sweet substance a little differently, doesn’t it?

9. Ultrasonic Stir Welding

NASA scientists needed to find a way to friction weld that would be gentler on their welding equipment. Meet our next tech, ultrasonic stir welding.

NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center engineers developed ultrasonic stir welding to join large pieces of very high-strength, high-melting-temperature metals such as titanium and Inconel. The addition of ultrasonic energy reduces damaging forces to the stir rod (or the piece of the unit that vibrates so fast, it joins the welding material together), extending its life. The technology also leaves behind a smoother, higher-quality weld.

10. A Field Deployable PiezoElectric Gravimeter (PEG)

It’s important to know that the fuel pumping into rockets has remained fully liquid or if a harmful chemical is leaking out of its container. But each of those things, and the many other places sensors are routinely used, tends to require a specially designed, one-use device.

That can result in time-consuming and costly cycles of design, test and build, since there is no real standardized sensor that can be adapted and used more widely.

To meet this need, the PiezoElectric Gravimeter (PEG) was developed to provide a sensing system and method that can serve as the foundation for a wide variety of sensing applications.

See anything your business could use? Did anything inspire you to start your own company? If so, head to our website at technology.nasa.gov to check them out.

When you’ve found what you need, click, “Apply Now!” Our licensing system, ATLAS, will guide you through the rest.

If the items on this round-up didn’t grab you, that’s ok, too. We have hundreds of other technologies available and ready to license on our website.

And if you want to learn more about the technologies already being used all around you, visit spinoff.nasa.gov.

Make sure to follow us on Tumblr for your regular dose of space: http://nasa.tumblr.com

reaxeons  asked:

I searched in a lot of tags already but was wondering if there was a specific tag that would go more in depth for black hair in post-apoclyptic settings. I only found one post. I'm specifically looking for care and maintainance of 4b hair, and styles that would be best for a fallout universe situation, as well as styles that would be most likely based off of the 1950's and what to take into consideration when one goes from having the means to take care of hair to suddenly no clean water

Black Hairstyles for the Apocalypse II: Post-Nuclear  

For a situation like the Fallout game universe, post-nuclear with limited/no clean water, I can only reinforce what has already been said in Black Hairstyles for the Apocalypse; a character with afro hair would need those dependable protective styles on lock down (braids, dreadlocks, etc. look up and take your pick of protective natural styles), more so with little to no safe water to dip her head into.  


Everything you read up on regarding afro hair’s needs is still relevant; Black hair generally needs lots of moisture and protection.

Afro hair routines tend to involve a lot of water, oils, gels, butters and creams. You mention the character’s hair type is 4b, but hair type isn’t even the most important factor when it comes to Black hair maintenance. 4A, 4B, AC, or a mixture of– these numbers are more of a general assessment of what that hair type looks like, needs and reacts, but every individual is different. Hair width, density, and porosity is super, if not more important. Research, research, research. This information is quite accessible nowadays.

My favorite natural hair site is www.naturallycurly.com/. Pinterest has an addictive mash-up of natural hair tips, info and DIY solutions too. Note that doesn’t mean everything is relevant to your character, or even accurate so i’d check with other sources on any information you find.

Important Takeaway: Water to moisturize + Oil to keep it in.

Hair needs water (or water-based moisturizer, typically referred to as leave-in conditioner) to moisturize, and oil to seal it in lest it deplete rapidly (take it from me; my hair gulps down any bit of moisture it gets). 

Most oils do not moisturize by themselves because it cannot penetrate the hair shaft (save a privileged few like coconut oil).

Research key terms: natural hair + moisturizing/sealing, L.O.C. method

If your character has a protective style in most of the time, i’d also be researching “natural hair care with [x].” Though hair needs lessen, they do not disappear.


Depending on what resources can be scraped up, there may be opportunity to make or find items that would work as extra hair protection that add and seal in moisture, or even a silk scarf or bandana for extra coverage and for sleeping.

Whether a character does come across these things is mostly out of their control, so the protection that comes with a long-term style like braids is the main tool they’d have to rely on.

As for the 1950s: If this is America, you could look up African American hairstyles in the 50s but the popular styles you’ll see will likely be unfitting for the apocalypse, especially one of this nature. Straight, loosened-textured looks for afro hair won’t thrive well and will be sweated out to one’s natural state quickly, plus their hair weakened from the straightening process. 

However, there were some braided styles popular in the 50s (unspecific to Black people) that could be done for afro hair and would serve as protection. 

For example: the “crown braid” comes up a lot in a quick search (See the image above). Not sure how much one would care to style their hair to stay “with the time’s” in this situation, but that’s for you to work out.


Protection is the key here. Reliable long-term styles like braids that tuck in the ends endure breakage and tangling way more than any free-flowing style. It’s that low manipulation and vulnerability to the elements (and hands) that’s key.

For other maintenance questions, do your research and see what you come up with in terms of what the character may scavenge and make do with.


~*~Bath Time!~*~

Here is my list of tips and tricks for of bathy goodness. This is just what I like to do and have done in the past. Keep in mind it can all be taken with a grain of salt [literally!!]

Preparing the Bath

🛀🏻 HOT water. I find it super cleansing and sweating is really good for you. I like to sit in the bath and my face sweats and im like YEAH lets cleanse this bod inside and out. pls dont burn yourself though peeps.

🛀🏼 Oils! My go-tos are lavender + coconut oil. I do 7-10 drops of lavender and one or two spoonfuls of coconut oil. Lavender for smell and relaxation and heavenly goodness, coconut for super smoothness of skin. If you are going to use other essential oils please do your research and make sure they are skin-safe! I also generally tie up my hair to keep it out of the oiliness.

🛀🏽 Epsom salts if you got em!

🛀🏾 Candles + crystals can line the tub as desired. I usually have all the bathroom lights out + 4 candles going at the foot of the tub. dont light your towel on fire.

🛀🏿 Cup of tea on the side! I like this for the added internal + external cleanse of the bath. Hot + nourishing on the outisde and hot + nourishing on the inside.

This is what I do and think about in the bath!

💧 oh my gosh water how healing you are, how cleansing, how warming.

💧 the water and oils im sitting in are literally soaking into my skin right now. the essence of this tub is entering my body

💧 touch your body. you’re naked right? perfect. time for some self body love. tell yourself you love your legs, while touching them. “i love my little toes.” “look at how nice my hands are.” “i love my pretty/handsome face.” “my brain is so smart and quick and calm.” “i love every little hair on my body.” “i have the coolest belly button” tell yourself things that you dont instinctually believe. go after the parts that you’re self conscious about “i love my tummy” “my bum is amazing” “my arms are the perfect size” “this is my favourite flabby bit” etc.

💧 drinking the tea if you have it- the heat and intent of that tea is permeating through all your internal organs. feel the heat through your mouth, esophagus, stomach, feel it blend in with the heat from the water entering your skin. full body heaty hot heatness

💧 the other day when i was in the bath i put my forehead/third eye on the faucet and pictured the vast network of pipes around the city supplying water to everyone. I thanked the water source and sent my energy throughout the pipes to hope that everyone was using it for good and healing and nourishing ways

💧 deep deep breathing. this is cool if your chest is below the water because when you exhale it sinks down and when you inhale it rises up. you can sync this motion with a prayer, mantra, chant, intention, whatever you wish!

💧 meditation. feel the heat, listen to your heartbeat, imagine all the little water molecules full of heat energy, vibrating, sending you their little blobs of heat energy into your skin, fueling your own little internal fire

💧 my FAVOURITE thing is the end of the bath. I sit in it, sometimes cross legged or curled up in a ball with my head on my knees and unplug the drain and stay like that while the whole tub drains. I picture the water whisking away all the negative in me and draining away. It’s like a re-birth! you can slowly feel your body get heavier and heavier as the water gets lower. Keep picturing the water taking away the bad and keep thanking it for cleaning you and nourishing you and healing you. seriously, how generous of the water to not only GIVE YOU it’s nutrients and warmth and thirst quenchy goodness, but to also take away all your badness, all your negativity, all your dirt and grime and leave you revitalized. water is so selfless. water is the best. thank you water.

💧 now that you are reborn as a new human (or otherwise) you can breathe and feel the differences in your body and just marvel in the smoothness of your skin and warmth of your body and heavenly bathy feelings that just soaked into you.

💧 another thing that might be cool is to weigh yourself before and after the bath. Your weight will go up like 2 or 3 pounds after you get out of the bath, which i find super cool. PROOF that the water is literally entering your body through your skin and staying there to heal you up real nice.

The most important thing IMO:

Do what comes to you naturally. all of this stuff just came into my head at different points in bath time and felt right for me to do. meditation might help you connect with that intuitive part of you that tells you what you need. if you get an urge, follow it. if your brain/body/soul tells you to stand up and sit down a bunch of times, or to dunk your head in or to blow bubbles or to splash with your feet, DO IT! just be safe and don’t hurt yourself or light anything on fire.

🐳The End🐳

OK sorry this post got out of hand but as you can tell i really like baths and water and bath meditation. This is something i’ve been doing for a while and it all came to me kind of naturally so forgive me if it is not specifically inclined toward a perspectives or approaches that you normally adhere to. I’m open to questions n things <3


Witch PSA

HERBS AND ESSENTIAL OILS - Research them thoroughly before applying topically, ingesting or diffusing!
Do NOT assume something is safe because the packaging doesn’t say its dangerous, or because you grew it/its natural
ALL THINGS are made up of chemicals - some are good, some are bad; sometimes only parts are harmful, sometimes there are processes of making things safer and sometimes its best to let professionals do it and purchase a finished product, you are not less of a witch for doing so, its cheaper sometimes anyway.
CRYSTALS should also be researched thoroughly, many are water soluble, you can’t always wash your crystals with warm water and soap, make sure you read up on specialized care for each crystal type you have - don’t let a crystal dissolve in your hand, don’t let them sit out in the sun endlessly, some you would be better off purchasing to make sure they’ve been sealed to protect you and protect your crystal from corroding. Remember, everything is chemicals, even crystals and mineral rocks.

Remember those safety rules in science class? Follow those closely.

inkyhorror  asked:

do you have any information/resources on essential oils? i'm doing research and have conflicting findings on what oils are appropriate for use on skin. some sites say that you should only use food-grade oils if you're gonna use them on the skin but others say that as long as they're diluted in a carrier oil then non-food grade oils (aromatherapy oils i guess???) are safe for the skin (others say that even when diluted certain oils can irritate the skin if exposed to UV) help please?

All of the above is correct, to some extent. Food grade oils are definitely going to be your safest bet if you are going to apply to skin, and even food grade oils you want to dilute if you are going to put them directly on the skin. There are many  non food grade essential oils that you can dilute and put on your skin, although there are some oils that even diluted can cause sunburn when exposed to UV or various other issues. Not all essential oils react the same, and everyone has a different sensitivity to them when being applied to skin.

Below are my lists of different oils that may cause various sensitivities. Also you should always dilute essential oils before putting them on your skin. You should also do your own research on all of these before using them, don’t rely on my lists. ;)

Essential Oils That Can Cause Photosensitivity

Generally avoid citrus oils & the sun together, they will increase your chances of sunburn by quite a bit, even when diluted.

  • Angelica
  • Bergamont *very dominant photosensitizer*
  • Grapefruit
  • Lemon
  • Lime
  • Orange
  • Tangerine
  • Wild Orange

Potentially Hazardous Essential Oils

Below oils shouldn’t be used in aromatherapy unless directed by a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. Just because an oil isn’t on this list doesn’t mean its safe. [source]

  • Ajowan
  • Arnica
  • Bitter Almond
  • Boldo Leaf
  • Calamus
  • Camphor, Brown
  • Camphor, Yellow
  • Deertongue
  • Garlic
  • Horseradish
  • Jaborandi
  • Melilotus
  • Mugwort
  • Mustard
  • Onion
  • Pennyroyal
  • Rue
  • Sassafras
  • Spanish Broom
  • Sweet Birch
  • Thuja
  • Wormseed
  • Wormwood

Essential Oils That Are More Likely To Cause Skin Sensitizing

Skin sensitizing is when an essential oil is applied to the skin and even when diluted will typically cause blotchiness, itching, a rash or even blistering may occur. These oils are more likely to cause skin sensitizing then other oils. [source] [source]

  • Essential Oils Appearing on the Hazardous Oils List
  • Anise
  • Bay Laurel
  • Benzoin
  • Cassia
  • Catnip
  • Cinnamon, Bark
  • Cinnamon, Leaves
  • Citronella
  • Clove
  • Costus
  • Elecampane
  • Fennel, Bitter
  • Lemongrass
  • Litsea Cubeba
  • Melissa
  • Oakmoss
  • Peru Balsam
  • Pine
  • Star Anise
  • Tagetes

Essential Oils That Are More Likely To Cause Skin Irritation

These oils are just more likely to cause irritation in general. [source] [source]

  • Essential Oils Appearing on the Hazardous Oils List
  • Essential Oils Appearing on the Skin Sensitizing List
  • Allspice
  • Basil
  • Bay Laurel
  • Benzoin
  • Birch
  • Black Pepper
  • Cassia
  • Cinnamon, Bark
  • Cinnamon, Leaves
  • Clove
  • Fennel
  • Fir Needle
  • Ginger
  • Lemon
  • Lemongrass
  • Lemon Verbana
  • Oregano
  • Parsley
  • Peppermint
  • Pimento Berry
  • Pine
  • Sage, Dalmation
  • Spruce
  • Tagetes
  • Thyme
  • Red Thyme
  • Wintergreen

One more list, I’m not quite done. ;) 

People With Sensitive Skin Should Be Careful When Using

  • Basil
  • Bay
  • Benzoin
  • Birch
  • Black pepper
  • Cassia
  • Cinnamon
  • Citronella
  • Clove
  • Costus
  • Cumin
  • Elecampane
  • Fennel
  • Fir
  • Ginger
  • Lemon
  • Lemongrass
  • Lemon verbena
  • Melissa
  • Oak moss
  • Orange
  • Oregano
  • Parsley seed
  • Peppermint
  • Pimento berry
  • Pine
  • Tagetes
  • Red and wild thyme
  • Wintergreen

You are at a higher risk of irritation with those above. [source]

Now please keep in mind, I am not an aromatherapist and not an expert, this is all information just gathered from my own research. Always dilute your oils and never ingest them. These may not be complete lists.

Other potentially useful posts:

Ok thats way longer then I expected to make this post. Hopefully that helps! :)

How I Permanently Tackled Dryness in my Hair with 1 Key

For the last 6 months, my hair has been anything but dry and that is something that I as a 4C kinky natural, am v. v. delighted about! Not having to moisturise my hair every 2 or 3 days, because it already feels so moisturised from washday! Many of you have asked what the magic trick is… it’s simple, and underrated and the answer is simply HEAT! I only noticed this factor when I went back to my old regimen.

WHAT DOES HEAT DO? It literally opens up the cuticles of your dry hair so stuff can enter, so the penetration of conditioners, waters, oils is increased times 100.

Here are 4 key steps you need to try to reduce the dryness that you often experience in your natural hair:

  1. deep condition your hair with heat  - I cannot stress this enough. If you don’t have a heatcap, please please get one. I use Aphrodite. Not only does it allow you to cut your conditioning time, it will open up your hair cuticles so that the nutrients can penetrate the follicles and give them super power. I now never skip this on my washday because I notice how much more hydrated my strands are when the goodness can penetrate easier with heat. Heatcaps make your conditioning treatments more effective! Include some avocado oil because its amazing, and always focus on your ends.
  2. hot oil before shampoo - also known as ‘prepoo’. If you have not experienced how beautifully soft your hair gets after you apply coconut oil and place a heat cap on for 30 mins before you wash, you need to! Coconut oil reduces hydral fatigue (research this, as this is crucial for the washing process) and it makes detangling easierrr (next to Kinky Curly Knot Today, for those who like me, first detangle then twist in sections before washing). This will ultimately reduce the dryness you experience after shampooing and after whole washday process. If you don’t like coconut oil, use olive oil!
  3. EVENING MOISTURISATION. reversion when moisturising? Moisturise your hair in the evening (i do this every other evening, but not as often these days because my hair is already so moisturised) and twist/bantu/stretch it out for bed time. The longer your hair gets, the less sections you will need! There’s hope! If you have little time, simply use a hair tie and double bun the sections of hair to stretch it out (I make my own DIY satin hair tie cut from satin scarfs).
  4. MORNING MOISTURISATION. my special tip: steam moisturise! How do you steam moisturise your hair? This will preferably be done in the morning, where you moisturise your hair with a peasized amount of oil (almond/olive) and place a shower cap and head into a warm/hot shower. The steam from the shower will open up your hair cuticles to allow in moisture and oils. Your hair will be soft after, and it barely causes reversion because the steam particles are tinier than the particles in a spritz of water. I love doing this every other morning!

Extra tips
Don’t be afraid to trim! I dust my ends every 4 months, and trim every 6 months (twice a year). It’s good for your hair because it serves as a good precaution. Length retention over hair growth, literally the same thing.

Dilute your shampoo in a plastic bottle. This will spread the shampoo over your hair, and reduce its drying effects. I use this method to wash my hair (in twisted sections) as I find that applying one handful all at once can be too drying.

If you can wash with clay e.g. bentonite clay go for it. I lovelovelove using bentonite clay every month, and it does not strip, instead I feel like it actually ADDS moisture throughout the month. It’s a great balance!

** I’m in the middle of creating an all-natural dryness killer spritz. One product, one aim. I will keep you updated. Feel free to message me!

Essential Oils Masterpost (part 1)

This is part one in my series of essential oils. Here, I talk about the basic essential oil starter kit and crucial things to know before you get started working with oils. If you have any questions or requests, please don’t hesitate to message me.

To see essential oil recipes in part two, click here.

How to get started
If you want to start using essential oils, but don’t know where to start, the following oils blend well and can be used for a wide variety of things ad makes a great starter kit:
Roman Chamomile
Citrus oil (choose lemon, lime, grapefruit, orange, lemongrass)

If you’re doing aromatherapy for pain relief, as well as the ones above you should check out these oils:
Black pepper (warming, stimulates blood flow and lymphatic system
Clove (warming, natural anaesthetic)
Spanish sage (great for circulation)

You should also pick up some carrier oils:
Coconut oil - antibacterial, highly moisturising, good for massage, but can cause break outs on acne prone skin, quite costly
Olive oil - moisturising, affordable, great for skin, doesn’t clog pores
Jojoba oil - moisturising, great for sensitive skin, soothes skin problems (psoriasis, eczema, sun burn, acne) buy hard to find and can be expensive
Vitamin e oil - makes excellent addition to other carrier oils, amazing for skin problems, speeds up healing and leaves skin silky soft, but very sticky on own and a little pricey.

If you want to diffuse oils, it’s worth investing in either and oil burner (x) or oil diffuser (x). Be careful because some oils can be poisonous, so always research your oil before using. If you have asthma the diffuser can cause breathing problems and even trigger an attack so please avoid.

And finally, get yourself a good reference book. I recommend wholeheartedly ‘The Illustrated Encyclopaedia of Essential Oils: The Complete Guide to the Use of Oils in Aromatherapy and Herbalism’ by Julia Lawless. It’s available very cheaply on amazon (x).

Things to be aware of

  • Unless you know what you’re doing, you should never use oils neat, even the gentle ones like lavender oil. You can put yourself at risk of sensitization – when your skin develops a sensitivity to certain oils, so you won’t be able to use oils again.
  • Always research each oil thoroughly before using. Just because oils come from a natural source doesn’t mean they can’t be harmful or even deadly if misused.
  • You need to be aware of oils that can cause skin irritation or sensitivity: allspice, anise, bay Laurel, benzoin, black pepper, cassia, catnip, cinnamon (bark or leaf), citronella, clove, dalmation sage, fennel, fir, lemongrass, may chang, melissa, oakmoss, oregano, parsley, Peru basalm, spruce, tagetes, thyme.
  • Test drop of diluted oil on the patch of skin behind ear and wait 24 hours. If no irritation occurs, you can use the oil. Always know the risks of each oil and take proper caution to dilute appropriately.
  • As always, pregnant people should avoid use of essential oils, unless they’re recommended by a professional. Do not use essential oils on babies and children under 7. For children use a lower concentration of oils.
  • If you get any essential oils in your eye, do not rinse with water. Oils don’t dissolve in water so it won’t get rid of it effectively. Rinse with olive oil and then put some warm water in an egg cup, hold to eye and blink into it. Repeat until oil has gone. Seek medical advice as soon as possible.
  • Essential oils should always be kept in a glass container away from direct light as they can erode plastics and discolour over time.
  • Real sandalwood is extremely endangered so it’s very expensive and unethical to buy. You can get Amaris sandalwood, but it’s not real sandalwood, smells crappy and has none of the benefits. Do yourself and the earth a favour and don’t use sandalwood.
  • Pure rose oils are very expensive for a small amount. Rose absolute is cheaper, but is almost always diluted in liquid coconut oil. This is okay because it still smells amazing and has great benefits, plus it stops you accidentally using too much.
  • Don’t buy cinnamon leaf (unless you want it for specific benefits) instead of cinnamon bark oil because it’s cheaper. It smells weak and has none of the benefits that cinnamon bark has.
  • When massaging, you should always direct the flow of massage towards the lymph nodes. Look at this chart to see where the major lymph nodes are.
  • You can consume some oils (like peppermint and lemon), providing they are medical/food grade and in small amounts. Organic oils are usually safe to consume because they have no poisonous pesticides on them.  Research each oil thoroughly before consuming.
  • If you’re allergic to the plant, you will most likely be allergic to the oil.
Curing the Common Cold: The Witches’ Way

 Ah, it’s that time of the year again. Nearing the end of summer, and starting up…the cold season. For everytime our craft has drawn us to go outside in cauld winter weather, there’s a time it draws us to an herbal remedy! For more posts like this, check out my Instagram @witches.corner 

This is meant for the common cold only. Do not use in place of medical attention if you suspect something more serious is at hand or if you are immunocompromised. 

Keep reading

All About Carrier Oils

Carrier oils are an incredibly necessary ingredient when working with essential oils. 99% of essential oils must be diluted before using directly on the skin - this is where carrier oils can add so much more than simply holding the essential oil.

Sourcing your carrier oils is as important for your blends and health as sourcing the best essential oils. Carrier oils should be unrefined (organic) and for the most part, cold-pressed. Ensure you are getting the best carrier oils by doing your research.

The following are common essential oils that have been broken down into an easy to reference guide:

Sweet Almond Oil
Colour: very pale yellow
Source: kernel
Contains: glucosides, minerals, vitamins. Rich in protein
Use: good for all skin types. Relieves itchy skin. Aids in soreness, dryness and inflammation.
Dilution: 100%

Apricot Kernel Oil
Colour: pale yellow
Source: kernel
Contains: minerals & vitamins
Use: all skin types. Great for prematurely aged skin (over tanned). Excellent for sensitive, inflamed, dry skin
Dilution: 100%

Avocado Oil
Colour: dark green (if your avocado oil is light yellow, it has been refined and lost most of its health benefits)
Obtained: fruit
Contains: vitamins, protein, lecithin, fatty acids
Use: all skin types, especially dry & dehydrated skin. Great for eczema.
Dilution: 10%

Borage Oil
Colour: pale yellow
Source: seeds
Contains: gamma linolenic acid, vitamins, minerals.
Use: PMS, menopause, psoriasis & eczema, prematurely aged skin. Regenerated and stimulates skin. Great for stretch marks, All skin types.
Dilution: 10%

Evening Primrose Oil
Colour: pale yellow
Contains: gamma linolenic acid, vitamins, minerals.
Use: PMS, menopause. Excellent for psoriasis & eczema. Helps prevent premature ageing of the skin.
Dilution: 10%

Grapeseed Oil
Colour: almost colourless OR pale green
Source: seeds
Contains: vitamins, minerals, protein
Use: all skin types.
Dilution: 100%
Notes: very short shelf life (6 months)

Hazelnut Oil
Colour: yellow
Source: kernel
Contains: vitamins, minerals, protein.
Use: slightly astringent - skin tightening. Good for all skin types.
Dilution: 100%

Jojoba Oil
Colour: golden yellow
Source: bean - note that technically Jojoba is not an oil, but a wax.
Contains: protein, minerals, a waxy substance that mimics collagen.
Use: inflamed skin, psoriasis, eczema, acne, hair care, all skin types.
Dilution: 10%

Olive Oil
Colour: green
Source: olives
Contains: protein, minerals, vitamins.
Use: rheumatic conditions, hair care, cosmetics, soothing to irritated skin
Dilution: 10%

Safflower Oil
Colour: pale yellow
Contains: protein, minerals, vitamins
Use: all skin types.
Dilution: 100%

Sesame Oil:
Colour: dark yellow
Contains: vitamin, mineral, proteins, lecithin, amino-acids
Use: psoriasis, eczema, rheumatism, arthritis, all skin types
Dilution: 10%

Sunflower Oil
Colour: pale yellow
Contains: vitamins, minerals
Uses: all skin types
Dilution: 100%

Resource: “The Fragrant Pharmacy” Valerie Ann Worwood (1993)

anonymous asked:

Hi there! I know this may be a question you/other witches get a lot, but if you're able to help that would be amazing. After talking to a number of witches on tumblr, I would love to start studying and become a witch. I'm just not sure where to start. I read your post about getting off tumblr, but are you able to provide me with one or two starting points? (Books, websites, etc) I just don't want to start off on the wrong foot when beginning. Thanks x

hello! i’m really happy to hear that you’re interested in this craft and community.

personally, tumblr was a great tool for me. it would give me a plethora of topics and ideas i was interested in- but then i got off tumblr to go research from credible sources for detailed information, until i got to know myself and a couple of witches i genuinely trust. don’t be afraid of using tumblr, just don’t take any post as the final truth either. (humble advice!)

the absolute, number one recommendation i have is that you get a book. any book you enjoy writing in. mine is a solid black simple sketchbook i paid less than $5 for. it felt good, it felt open, and it fit my budget. 
in that book, make a list of all the things you find that you want to/need to study.
-moon phases
-correspondences (what items are generally used for what purposes)
-astral plane


keep in mind you do not have to learn anything you’re not interested in, you don’t need to have correspondences memorized (it’s just useful to have a basic directory on hand!), and the only final rule of your craft is that it’s yours. there are certainly some topics that have a pretty reliable general consensus, and it’s wise to keep that in mind; but if something doesn’t feel right for you, that is perfectly fair and valid. for instance, roses are commonly associated with love; if you hate roses for some reason, you don’t like to look at them, they make you unhappy… then they probably won’t work well if you’re trying to purpose them for a love spell. 
keep in mind that witchcraft works in mysterious ways. if you’ve been talking to witches already, you probably already realize that it isn’t an exact practice. it’s more of an experimentation in will power and working with the energies of the world. 

as for some reliable books and websites, everyone has something different to say, but here are the sources i’ve used:
moon light academy
witchcraft and witches
cunningham’s encyclopedia of magical herbs (book, but should be easy to find online!)

@the-murmuring-elm was a huge help as i started into tarot.
@thenatalchart & @astrologymarina have been and continue to be invaluable for learning astrology. 

i have this resource that i have not yet used, but i definitely plan to- we are all still learning, after all. it is a digitized selection of books on witchcraft from cornell university’s library. 

and, as a general note, always research any oils, herbs, plants, and crystals before working with them. most oils are dangerous to apply directly to skin and must be diluted, many herbs and plants are dangerous to consume- even seemingly harmless ones, and many crystals can be damaged by sunlight or water.

i really hope this helps, friend! good luck and feel free to throw any questions or concerns into my ask box.

Witching Safely

So I’ve seen a bunch of wonderful safety precautions for witchcraft being passed around lately and it makes my little heart burst with joy. So today I’m going to add things that I haven’t seen in this posts, as well as re-hash some of the ones I have seen.

Essential Oils

🦇 Most essential oils should not be ingested. Just because it’s natural does not mean it’s safe. Essential oils are highly concentrated, meaning it’s pretty easy for you to invest harmful qualities by accident. NEVER ingest an essential oil unless it is specifically certified as food grade oil and has scientific research verifying its safety. ONLY ACCEPT REPUTABLE SOURCES. I don’t care if your friend swears that they’ve been doing it for months and it’s safe. If there’s not medical research saying go ahead, don’t do it.

🦇 Most essential oils need to be diluted with carrier oils. Very few essential oils are safe to just put straight on your skin. Learn what dilution ratios are recommended for each oil and follow them religiously. When in doubt, dilute it. It will keep you safe and make your oils last longer. It’s really a win-win situation.

🦇 Be cautious of using essential oils in the sun. Some oils react badly with heat or sunlight. And oils can also cause you to burn quicker (think tanning oil). When in doubt, just wait until you’re indoors or make sure the oil is covered or cool.

🦇 Always do a spot check with any new essential oil to make sure you won’t have negative reactions to it. Gently put a small amount of diluted oil on the back of your hand and wait 2 hours before puting the oil anywhere else. Hives and rashes are not fun.


🦇 Medication and herbs do not always mix. If you take any medication, you must ask your doctor before treating yourself with herbs. Again, natural does not always mean harmless. And some medications and herbs don’t play nice. For example, St. John’s Wort can make birth control fail. Always ask your doctor how to safely utilize medicine and herbs to their full potential.

🦇 Do not ingest herbs unless they are food grade. Some herbs and flowers you buy are only meant for potpourri or bath items, and are not safe to consume. Only eat food grade flowers or herbs specifically made for tea and baking.

🦇 Do not ingest fresh herbs unless you know for a fact that they are safe to eat. You don’t know whether or not people spray their yard with pesticides. So if you are gathering wild herbs and aren’t sure if they’re organic or safe then do not consume them. And if you don’t know if it’s edible or what kind of herb it is, don’t eat it. Only consume herbs your grow yourself or know for certain can be safely consumed.

🦇 Properly store herbs you plan on ingesting. I’m all for aesthetic in the form of cool bottles and jars, but save them for herbs you aren’t ingesting unless they’re air tight. Herbs needs to be well sealed for freshness and sanitary reasons.

🦇 Do not mix food grade herbs and magic herbs. You will probably forget which ones are safe. I keep all food herbs in my kitchen, and get some for spells as needed. All my herbs just for magic are kept in the shelves on my alter. It’s just safer for you to not get confused about whether or not you can safely ingest stuff.


🦇 Don’t drink crystal water. Not all crystals are safe to put in water. Some of them can make the water toxic, and some crystals will actually get ruined if you leave them in water. Always research before mixing crystals with water and never drink crystal water unless you have have scientific proof that it is safe.


🦇 Don’t pick any flowers, mushrooms, herbs, or plants unless you know they won’t harm you. Some plants are poisonous and can harm your skin.

🦇 Check for bugs before harvesting flowers or herbs. Some spiders really like flowers too.

🦇 Don’t bury glass jars in your garden. Not only is this bad for Mother Earth, but you could potentially cut yourself when the jar breaks because of roots or because your forgot about it and broke it while digging. Bury safe and biodegradable things only.


🦇 Bleach and clean any bones or skulls you find. I’m not an expert on how to properly do this, but please don’t just bring bones inside. You could make yourself sick or attract nasty bugs if you aren’t careful.

Blood Magic

(It’s worth mentioning that I personally do not condone blood magic, but I care about your safety.)

🦇 Always sanitize any tools you use beforehand. Use alcohol or hydrogen peroxide. Don’t substitute vodka or just use fire to heat the blade. If you don’t have the means to properly sanitize the blade, don’t do it.

🦇 Do a lot of medical research before hand. If you aren’t careful you could lose a lot of blood or cause nerve damage.

🦇Stay up to date on your tetanus shot. This is something you should do regardless, but it’s an especially good idea for blood magic users.

🦇Only use sharp instruments that can be easily cleaned like metal or glass. Wood can leave splinters or have bacteria trapped in the grains. Plastic can also harbor bacteria in the porous surface, particular if there are scratches.

🦇 Do not use dull knives. It makes the wounds take longer to heal. It also makes you more likely to cut deeper than you mean to.

🦇 Clean all wounds no matter how small and properly care for them every day until it’s healed.

Fire 🦇 Never leave flames unattended. All candles and incense must be put out before you leave the house. Snuff, blow out, dip your incense stick in water, whatever. But make sure the flame is out and wait for it to stop smoking to ensure all embers are dead.

Legal Issues

🦇 Do not trespass for any reasons. Do not take flowers from someone’s yard. That’s trespassing and theft. Don’t jump fences to gather anything. Again, that’s trespassing.

🦇 Don’t take flowers from botanical gardens or touristy locations. Not only is this rude, but it can be illegal depending on where you’re at. Fun fact: taking flowers from Arlington Cemetery is technically a federal offense. So don’t do it.

If you have any other safety tips, please add them to this. Safe witchcraft is important, and it’s good knowledge to share.

Holy shit I finally got my MDPV I’ve been looking for some of this shit since it was banned end suddenly I meet a guy how first hits me up with 200mg for free and we have only met twice next thing he tells me and connects me to where it’s from unbelievable. I got five gramms but gave 4 to my brother because we made a deal that he will only give 1g every 14 days otherwise it will end up bad again . I’m so fucking obsessed with this stuff so now 10mg line in mothers bathroom then back home tinfoil out and Baaaaam if off for the next 4 days maybe I’ll update some off the madness that’s going to come

Knowledge is POWER ❤️
Education on CBD is HOT! 😃

Has there been any research done on CBD?

Absolutely! So far over 23,000 studies and reviews published in respected peer-reviewed science and medical journals have been done, and new clinical trials are being announced nearly every month.
Since there is too much research into the effects of cannabinoids to list in one place, we invite you to do your own research into the benefits of cannabis. Be sure to use sources you trust and speak with your doctor before starting any new supplement routine.

❤️ Share the Knowledge ❤️

Hair dead from too many times dyeing it, but you're too punk rock to stop?

Well! I had this same problem. I’ve been changing my hair color every two weeks for the past three years, and a lot of people would ask how I kept my hair from falling out of my scalp. Answer is, for a while, sheer dumb luck. Then, earlier this semester, it started breaking off in huge, multicolored clumps. (My roommate must have LOVED that). After that, I devised a hair care regimen that keeps everything in ship shape and looking lovely. 

  1.  Wash with Target’s Keratin Oil Shampoo cus dear god does that shit work. It comes in a big pink bottle and smells like joy.
  2. Try the Lush Seanic or Cinnamon Shampoo. This is if you are in dire need, of course, since that stuff is hella expensive. However, if you were in my position, $10 is NOTHING to keep from going bald. Also, they come in bar form which doesn’t sound like that big of a deal until you realize that this makes it more efficient to transport by a hell of a lot, thus making it super environmentally friendly. Plus they aren’t tested on animals. I like Lush way too much for my own good. Anyway! Moving on!
  3. Kiss My Face’s Whenever Conditioner wraps you all up in healing glee. This is also made with Moroccan Oil which (my research has shown) is a sustainable and humanitarian substance. But aside from the politics therein, this conditioner doesn’t take too much to coat all of your hair and makes everything smell like citrussy goodness. Leave that on there for about 5 minutes and then rinse like a normal conditioner.
  5. When styling, Got 2 b Glued makes a new keratin formula which is great for your hair. Which is good considering that brand holds your hair in place by means of divine intervention. Like no shit, it’s awesome. Never moves. A+

Now, keep in mind every scalp is different. However, this worked really really well for me, and I think it will for you too. Keep killing fascists and be kind to yourself <3

triggeredmedia  asked:

Solar doesn't produce energy when it's needed most (night/winter) and is extremely inefficient. Wind is unreliable. Neither work in bad weather. Both kill animals at high rates. Coal and oil are required for life for 100s of millions of people. Shipping, manufacturing, food production, healthcare, pretty much all means of production and consumption require them. You are willing to risk those lives and $trillions for your virtue signaling?

I am willing to risk a lot more for the survival of the Earth because guess what? We are running low on oil and once the Earth is drained off it your precious “industries” will fall apart violently.
Solar and wind alone are not efficient, that’s why we also have water. Hell, in Germany we once got paid money BACK because there had been TOO MUCH energy produced by solar, wind and water.

Your argumentation is utter bullshit. If the government for once would pay scientists to search for actual ways to solve a problem and not just delay it so the next generation has to deal with a catastrophe, we could by now have actually found something.

Also, the garbage those industries produce will remain for years. And I am not talking about decades, not even about centuries. All of the radioactive trash for example, the one we store underground. It will survive for millions of years. Millions. Let that sink in. The bunkers built to lock the garbage away will not last that long. Sooner or later that shit’s gonne soak into our Earth.

We could prevent some of the catastrophes we are going to face if people like you actually got off their lazy asses and stopped ignoring problems for once. Your luxury does not stand above the well-being of all of humanity nor is it more important than the world which is slowly dying beneath our feet because we drain it like some damn leeches.

There are so many inventions already which could change countless of things for the better but because no one buys them, they remain expensive and scientists don’t get enough money for further research.

Oil and coal will kill us and it has already started doing so. The greed for easy money is killing us and our planet. It enslaves people in poor countries and destroys nature. And you support that shit. Congrats.

How to Make Essential Oils

1.) Obtain or build a still (the apparatus used for distilling). You can purchase one specially designed for distilling essential oils; these generally cost a couple hundred dollars or more, but if you plan on doing a lot of distilling and you’re not particularly mechanically inclined, this is probably the way to go. If you want to try building a still, you’ve got plenty of room for creativity - there are thousands of still designs, and even today, many stills are homemade. The key components of a still are:

  • The heat source or furnace, which is used to boil the water. Direct fire, a fire built under the retort is the oldest method for heating the still. Today, we can also use gas, such as propane or butane, and electricity. Fuel costs are a major factor when considering a heat source for you distiller;
  • The holding tank or retort, which holds both the water and, just above the water on a grate or false bottom - picture a vegetable steamer - the plant material to be distilled;
  • The condenser, which collects the steam and cools it, usually by piping it through a tube immersed in cold water, and…
  • The separator, which separates the essential oil from the water vapor. The separator, or Essencier, is one of the most important pieces of apparatus a distiller can have. This enables the distiller to separate the essential oils from the distillate in a passive manner.

2.) Harvest your raw material. The quantity of essential oils contained in a plant varies over the course of the plant’s development, so it is essential to harvest at the right time. This will depend on the type of plant, so you need to do some research to determine when to harvest. It is also critical to harvest the plants correctly - careless handling, harvesting the wrong parts, even harvesting at the wrong time of day can reduce the quantity and quality of the essential oils. Again, research the plant you wish to distill. If you’re buying harvested material, you don’t have much control over the harvesting process; look for plants that appear healthy and undamaged, and ask the seller when they were harvested. Generally plants that are in whole form (not crushed or powdered) are best.

3.) Dry the plant material. Drying reduces the amount of oil in each plant, but can greatly increase your yield per batch because you will be able to fit more material into each batch. Drying should be done slowly and NOT in direct sunlight. You can choose not to dry your plant material. Commercially grown plants such as lavender and peppermint may be allowed to dry in the field after cutting for a day or so. The ideal drying method varies from plant to plant, but in general you should not overheat the plants - drying in the shade or even in a dark room minimizes the oil lost - you should not over-dry them, and you must not allow the plants to become wet again before distillation. Distill as soon as possible after drying.

4.) Add water to the tank of your still. Use clean water, ideally filtered or distilled and as soft as possible. If you’re using a manufactured still, follow the manufacturer’s direction. Otherwise, simply make sure you have enough water in the still to complete the distillation; depending on the plant and on the quantity, distillation can take anywhere from a half-hour to six hours or more after the water boils. Be sure that the water level is close to, but not touching, the false bottom that will hold the plant material. If you are performing a hydrodistillation (this is useful for delicate flowers or powdered roots, bark or wood), you will need to have your plant material free floating IN the water.

5.) Add your plant material and pack it tightly in the still. You do not need to chop or cut the plant material, and doing so will cause you to lose some of the oils. The plant material should rest on the false bottom or grate above the water and should touch the sides of the still as little as possible. The layer of plant material can be quite thick as long as it is below the steam outlet (a couple inches below the outlet for a small still, a foot below for a large one).

6.) Close the still and boil the water. Most plants will release their essential oils at 100 degrees Celsius or 212 degrees Fahrenheit, the normal boiling point of water.

7.) Keep an eye on the still. After a while the distillate should begin to come through your condenser and into your separator. The process should be fairly hands-off, but you will want to ensure that you do not run out of water in your still. Depending on the length of the distillation process, you may also need to change the water in the condenser so that the cooling process continues to work. Follow the instructions for the particular plant you are distilling.

8.) Filter the collected oil (optional). Once your distillation is complete you may filter the oil through cheesecloth or similar dry cotton fabric. Ensure that the cloth is dry and clean - detergent residues as well as dirt can contaminate the oil.

9.) Pour the oil into a container for storage. Do this as quickly as possible. Most essential oils can be kept for at least two years, but some have extraordinary shelf lives. To maximize the useful life of your oil, keep it in a dark glass bottle or stainless steel container. Use a clean funnel to pour the oil into the container, and make sure the container is impeccably clean before pouring the oil into it. Store in a cool, dark place.

Keep reading