oil research

reaxeons  asked:

I searched in a lot of tags already but was wondering if there was a specific tag that would go more in depth for black hair in post-apoclyptic settings. I only found one post. I'm specifically looking for care and maintainance of 4b hair, and styles that would be best for a fallout universe situation, as well as styles that would be most likely based off of the 1950's and what to take into consideration when one goes from having the means to take care of hair to suddenly no clean water

Black Hairstyles for the Apocalypse II: Post-Nuclear  

For a situation like the Fallout game universe, post-nuclear with limited/no clean water, I can only reinforce what has already been said in Black Hairstyles for the Apocalypse; a character with afro hair would need those dependable protective styles on lock down (braids, dreadlocks, etc. look up and take your pick of protective natural styles), more so with little to no safe water to dip her head into.  


Everything you read up on regarding afro hair’s needs is still relevant; Black hair generally needs lots of moisture and protection.

Afro hair routines tend to involve a lot of water, oils, gels, butters and creams. You mention the character’s hair type is 4b, but hair type isn’t even the most important factor when it comes to Black hair maintenance. 4A, 4B, AC, or a mixture of– these numbers are more of a general assessment of what that hair type looks like, needs and reacts, but every individual is different. Hair width, density, and porosity is super, if not more important. Research, research, research. This information is quite accessible nowadays.

My favorite natural hair site is www.naturallycurly.com/. Pinterest has an addictive mash-up of natural hair tips, info and DIY solutions too. Note that doesn’t mean everything is relevant to your character, or even accurate so i’d check with other sources on any information you find.

Important Takeaway: Water to moisturize + Oil to keep it in.

Hair needs water (or water-based moisturizer, typically referred to as leave-in conditioner) to moisturize, and oil to seal it in lest it deplete rapidly (take it from me; my hair gulps down any bit of moisture it gets). 

Most oils do not moisturize by themselves because it cannot penetrate the hair shaft (save a privileged few like coconut oil).

Research key terms: natural hair + moisturizing/sealing, L.O.C. method

If your character has a protective style in most of the time, i’d also be researching “natural hair care with [x].” Though hair needs lessen, they do not disappear.


Depending on what resources can be scraped up, there may be opportunity to make or find items that would work as extra hair protection that add and seal in moisture, or even a silk scarf or bandana for extra coverage and for sleeping.

Whether a character does come across these things is mostly out of their control, so the protection that comes with a long-term style like braids is the main tool they’d have to rely on.

As for the 1950s: If this is America, you could look up African American hairstyles in the 50s but the popular styles you’ll see will likely be unfitting for the apocalypse, especially one of this nature. Straight, loosened-textured looks for afro hair won’t thrive well and will be sweated out to one’s natural state quickly, plus their hair weakened from the straightening process. 

However, there were some braided styles popular in the 50s (unspecific to Black people) that could be done for afro hair and would serve as protection. 

For example: the “crown braid” comes up a lot in a quick search (See the image above). Not sure how much one would care to style their hair to stay “with the time’s” in this situation, but that’s for you to work out.


Protection is the key here. Reliable long-term styles like braids that tuck in the ends endure breakage and tangling way more than any free-flowing style. It’s that low manipulation and vulnerability to the elements (and hands) that’s key.

For other maintenance questions, do your research and see what you come up with in terms of what the character may scavenge and make do with.


~*~Bath Time!~*~

Here is my list of tips and tricks for of bathy goodness. This is just what I like to do and have done in the past. Keep in mind it can all be taken with a grain of salt [literally!!]

Preparing the Bath

🛀🏻 HOT water. I find it super cleansing and sweating is really good for you. I like to sit in the bath and my face sweats and im like YEAH lets cleanse this bod inside and out. pls dont burn yourself though peeps.

🛀🏼 Oils! My go-tos are lavender + coconut oil. I do 7-10 drops of lavender and one or two spoonfuls of coconut oil. Lavender for smell and relaxation and heavenly goodness, coconut for super smoothness of skin. If you are going to use other essential oils please do your research and make sure they are skin-safe! I also generally tie up my hair to keep it out of the oiliness.

🛀🏽 Epsom salts if you got em!

🛀🏾 Candles + crystals can line the tub as desired. I usually have all the bathroom lights out + 4 candles going at the foot of the tub. dont light your towel on fire.

🛀🏿 Cup of tea on the side! I like this for the added internal + external cleanse of the bath. Hot + nourishing on the outisde and hot + nourishing on the inside.

This is what I do and think about in the bath!

💧 oh my gosh water how healing you are, how cleansing, how warming.

💧 the water and oils im sitting in are literally soaking into my skin right now. the essence of this tub is entering my body

💧 touch your body. you’re naked right? perfect. time for some self body love. tell yourself you love your legs, while touching them. “i love my little toes.” “look at how nice my hands are.” “i love my pretty/handsome face.” “my brain is so smart and quick and calm.” “i love every little hair on my body.” “i have the coolest belly button” tell yourself things that you dont instinctually believe. go after the parts that you’re self conscious about “i love my tummy” “my bum is amazing” “my arms are the perfect size” “this is my favourite flabby bit” etc.

💧 drinking the tea if you have it- the heat and intent of that tea is permeating through all your internal organs. feel the heat through your mouth, esophagus, stomach, feel it blend in with the heat from the water entering your skin. full body heaty hot heatness

💧 the other day when i was in the bath i put my forehead/third eye on the faucet and pictured the vast network of pipes around the city supplying water to everyone. I thanked the water source and sent my energy throughout the pipes to hope that everyone was using it for good and healing and nourishing ways

💧 deep deep breathing. this is cool if your chest is below the water because when you exhale it sinks down and when you inhale it rises up. you can sync this motion with a prayer, mantra, chant, intention, whatever you wish!

💧 meditation. feel the heat, listen to your heartbeat, imagine all the little water molecules full of heat energy, vibrating, sending you their little blobs of heat energy into your skin, fueling your own little internal fire

💧 my FAVOURITE thing is the end of the bath. I sit in it, sometimes cross legged or curled up in a ball with my head on my knees and unplug the drain and stay like that while the whole tub drains. I picture the water whisking away all the negative in me and draining away. It’s like a re-birth! you can slowly feel your body get heavier and heavier as the water gets lower. Keep picturing the water taking away the bad and keep thanking it for cleaning you and nourishing you and healing you. seriously, how generous of the water to not only GIVE YOU it’s nutrients and warmth and thirst quenchy goodness, but to also take away all your badness, all your negativity, all your dirt and grime and leave you revitalized. water is so selfless. water is the best. thank you water.

💧 now that you are reborn as a new human (or otherwise) you can breathe and feel the differences in your body and just marvel in the smoothness of your skin and warmth of your body and heavenly bathy feelings that just soaked into you.

💧 another thing that might be cool is to weigh yourself before and after the bath. Your weight will go up like 2 or 3 pounds after you get out of the bath, which i find super cool. PROOF that the water is literally entering your body through your skin and staying there to heal you up real nice.

The most important thing IMO:

Do what comes to you naturally. all of this stuff just came into my head at different points in bath time and felt right for me to do. meditation might help you connect with that intuitive part of you that tells you what you need. if you get an urge, follow it. if your brain/body/soul tells you to stand up and sit down a bunch of times, or to dunk your head in or to blow bubbles or to splash with your feet, DO IT! just be safe and don’t hurt yourself or light anything on fire.

🐳The End🐳

OK sorry this post got out of hand but as you can tell i really like baths and water and bath meditation. This is something i’ve been doing for a while and it all came to me kind of naturally so forgive me if it is not specifically inclined toward a perspectives or approaches that you normally adhere to. I’m open to questions n things <3


inkyhorror  asked:

do you have any information/resources on essential oils? i'm doing research and have conflicting findings on what oils are appropriate for use on skin. some sites say that you should only use food-grade oils if you're gonna use them on the skin but others say that as long as they're diluted in a carrier oil then non-food grade oils (aromatherapy oils i guess???) are safe for the skin (others say that even when diluted certain oils can irritate the skin if exposed to UV) help please?

All of the above is correct, to some extent. Food grade oils are definitely going to be your safest bet if you are going to apply to skin, and even food grade oils you want to dilute if you are going to put them directly on the skin. There are many  non food grade essential oils that you can dilute and put on your skin, although there are some oils that even diluted can cause sunburn when exposed to UV or various other issues. Not all essential oils react the same, and everyone has a different sensitivity to them when being applied to skin.

Below are my lists of different oils that may cause various sensitivities. Also you should always dilute essential oils before putting them on your skin. You should also do your own research on all of these before using them, don’t rely on my lists. ;)

Essential Oils That Can Cause Photosensitivity

Generally avoid citrus oils & the sun together, they will increase your chances of sunburn by quite a bit, even when diluted.

  • Angelica
  • Bergamont *very dominant photosensitizer*
  • Grapefruit
  • Lemon
  • Lime
  • Orange
  • Tangerine
  • Wild Orange

Potentially Hazardous Essential Oils

Below oils shouldn’t be used in aromatherapy unless directed by a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. Just because an oil isn’t on this list doesn’t mean its safe. [source]

  • Ajowan
  • Arnica
  • Bitter Almond
  • Boldo Leaf
  • Calamus
  • Camphor, Brown
  • Camphor, Yellow
  • Deertongue
  • Garlic
  • Horseradish
  • Jaborandi
  • Melilotus
  • Mugwort
  • Mustard
  • Onion
  • Pennyroyal
  • Rue
  • Sassafras
  • Spanish Broom
  • Sweet Birch
  • Thuja
  • Wormseed
  • Wormwood

Essential Oils That Are More Likely To Cause Skin Sensitizing

Skin sensitizing is when an essential oil is applied to the skin and even when diluted will typically cause blotchiness, itching, a rash or even blistering may occur. These oils are more likely to cause skin sensitizing then other oils. [source] [source]

  • Essential Oils Appearing on the Hazardous Oils List
  • Anise
  • Bay Laurel
  • Benzoin
  • Cassia
  • Catnip
  • Cinnamon, Bark
  • Cinnamon, Leaves
  • Citronella
  • Clove
  • Costus
  • Elecampane
  • Fennel, Bitter
  • Lemongrass
  • Litsea Cubeba
  • Melissa
  • Oakmoss
  • Peru Balsam
  • Pine
  • Star Anise
  • Tagetes

Essential Oils That Are More Likely To Cause Skin Irritation

These oils are just more likely to cause irritation in general. [source] [source]

  • Essential Oils Appearing on the Hazardous Oils List
  • Essential Oils Appearing on the Skin Sensitizing List
  • Allspice
  • Basil
  • Bay Laurel
  • Benzoin
  • Birch
  • Black Pepper
  • Cassia
  • Cinnamon, Bark
  • Cinnamon, Leaves
  • Clove
  • Fennel
  • Fir Needle
  • Ginger
  • Lemon
  • Lemongrass
  • Lemon Verbana
  • Oregano
  • Parsley
  • Peppermint
  • Pimento Berry
  • Pine
  • Sage, Dalmation
  • Spruce
  • Tagetes
  • Thyme
  • Red Thyme
  • Wintergreen

One more list, I’m not quite done. ;) 

People With Sensitive Skin Should Be Careful When Using

  • Basil
  • Bay
  • Benzoin
  • Birch
  • Black pepper
  • Cassia
  • Cinnamon
  • Citronella
  • Clove
  • Costus
  • Cumin
  • Elecampane
  • Fennel
  • Fir
  • Ginger
  • Lemon
  • Lemongrass
  • Lemon verbena
  • Melissa
  • Oak moss
  • Orange
  • Oregano
  • Parsley seed
  • Peppermint
  • Pimento berry
  • Pine
  • Tagetes
  • Red and wild thyme
  • Wintergreen

You are at a higher risk of irritation with those above. [source]

Now please keep in mind, I am not an aromatherapist and not an expert, this is all information just gathered from my own research. Always dilute your oils and never ingest them. These may not be complete lists.

Other potentially useful posts:

Ok thats way longer then I expected to make this post. Hopefully that helps! :)

Ok this might sound stupid

But I’ve been listening to country songs at 7 am and this one song got me thinking about my boi J which got me thinking about a Cowboy Batjokes AU where J is a rodeo clown and Bruce is an undercover bullrider.
B goes by a stage name (BatBull? BullBat? No I kid but can you imagine?) and wears a mask and everything cuz he comes from rich oil tycoon money and doesn’t want his hobby to undermine his standing as an investor or some such bullshit (pun intended). He’s the “broody, edgy” Clint Eastwood type of cowboy who is as much a panty-wetter as he is a talented rider. However, as the heir to the Wayne Oil Empire, he’s your typical Southern Charmer, complete with a smooth drawl and soft-spoken strength (ok but for real Bruce’s baritone with just a hint of twang? Mmmm). He’s constantly trying to find alternative uses for fossil fuels and supports hybridization with other energy sources, despite the backlash from the oil industry. No one knows that he and the “Dark Rider” are one and the same.
Meanwhile, J is a reckless mess of a clown who actually used to be a rider himself, but chose the path of comedy instead, much to many’s dismay. Not a lot is known about his actual past, due to his compulsive lying and his flair for dramatics, and, outside of his best cowgal Harley, he’d rather keep it that way. He has made a name for himself by incorporating dangerous stunts into his routines, including, but not limited to: setting off fireworks, blinding his fellow clowns with pies and pastries, seltzering the audience with or without consent, emasculating bros who try and heckle him, actually drinking while in the ring, and riding on the bulls himself. None of this is encouraged by the rodeo officials (Gordon and co) and his employers have had tremendous problems trying to keep him in line while still giving a masochistic crowd what they want.

At first, Bruce is like “tf is this clown thinking, he’s gonna get himself and everyone killed if he’s not careful!!” and tries to swoop in and save him from his own shenanigans. But things quickly escalate until the two of them are facing off on separate bulls, equally matched and equally determined to outdo the other, creating a whole new type of improv performance that the crowd goes wild for. And one that they’re forced to repeat now at every show by their gleeful bosses. Soon the “Rider vs. the Jokester” becomes a tradition within the rodeo community, and is one of their highest rated spectacles. This totally has nothing to do with the fact that the two of them have such undeniable chemistry on and off the stage. And is totally not the reason the Rider refuses to use the shared locker rooms or why J is interested in competition riding again. Nope. All egos and secret identities and no homo here.

Like idk other villains are also part of this? Maybe even Robin and Barbara? Eventually? All I know for sure is that I’m jokingly calling it BrokeBat Mountain and Harley is the daisy dukes queen and Alfred makes a mean peach sweet tea.

Suggestions for who wears the assless chaps first are always welcome.

Essential Oils Masterpost (part 1)

This is part one in my series of essential oils. Here, I talk about the basic essential oil starter kit and crucial things to know before you get started working with oils. If you have any questions or requests, please don’t hesitate to message me.

To see essential oil recipes in part two, click here.

How to get started
If you want to start using essential oils, but don’t know where to start, the following oils blend well and can be used for a wide variety of things ad makes a great starter kit:
Roman Chamomile
Citrus oil (choose lemon, lime, grapefruit, orange, lemongrass)

If you’re doing aromatherapy for pain relief, as well as the ones above you should check out these oils:
Black pepper (warming, stimulates blood flow and lymphatic system
Clove (warming, natural anaesthetic)
Spanish sage (great for circulation)

You should also pick up some carrier oils:
Coconut oil - antibacterial, highly moisturising, good for massage, but can cause break outs on acne prone skin, quite costly
Olive oil - moisturising, affordable, great for skin, doesn’t clog pores
Jojoba oil - moisturising, great for sensitive skin, soothes skin problems (psoriasis, eczema, sun burn, acne) buy hard to find and can be expensive
Vitamin e oil - makes excellent addition to other carrier oils, amazing for skin problems, speeds up healing and leaves skin silky soft, but very sticky on own and a little pricey.

If you want to diffuse oils, it’s worth investing in either and oil burner (x) or oil diffuser (x). Be careful because some oils can be poisonous, so always research your oil before using. If you have asthma the diffuser can cause breathing problems and even trigger an attack so please avoid.

And finally, get yourself a good reference book. I recommend wholeheartedly ‘The Illustrated Encyclopaedia of Essential Oils: The Complete Guide to the Use of Oils in Aromatherapy and Herbalism’ by Julia Lawless. It’s available very cheaply on amazon (x).

Things to be aware of

  • Unless you know what you’re doing, you should never use oils neat, even the gentle ones like lavender oil. You can put yourself at risk of sensitization – when your skin develops a sensitivity to certain oils, so you won’t be able to use oils again.
  • Always research each oil thoroughly before using. Just because oils come from a natural source doesn’t mean they can’t be harmful or even deadly if misused.
  • You need to be aware of oils that can cause skin irritation or sensitivity: allspice, anise, bay Laurel, benzoin, black pepper, cassia, catnip, cinnamon (bark or leaf), citronella, clove, dalmation sage, fennel, fir, lemongrass, may chang, melissa, oakmoss, oregano, parsley, Peru basalm, spruce, tagetes, thyme.
  • Test drop of diluted oil on the patch of skin behind ear and wait 24 hours. If no irritation occurs, you can use the oil. Always know the risks of each oil and take proper caution to dilute appropriately.
  • As always, pregnant people should avoid use of essential oils, unless they’re recommended by a professional. Do not use essential oils on babies and children under 7. For children use a lower concentration of oils.
  • If you get any essential oils in your eye, do not rinse with water. Oils don’t dissolve in water so it won’t get rid of it effectively. Rinse with olive oil and then put some warm water in an egg cup, hold to eye and blink into it. Repeat until oil has gone. Seek medical advice as soon as possible.
  • Essential oils should always be kept in a glass container away from direct light as they can erode plastics and discolour over time.
  • Real sandalwood is extremely endangered so it’s very expensive and unethical to buy. You can get Amaris sandalwood, but it’s not real sandalwood, smells crappy and has none of the benefits. Do yourself and the earth a favour and don’t use sandalwood.
  • Pure rose oils are very expensive for a small amount. Rose absolute is cheaper, but is almost always diluted in liquid coconut oil. This is okay because it still smells amazing and has great benefits, plus it stops you accidentally using too much.
  • Don’t buy cinnamon leaf (unless you want it for specific benefits) instead of cinnamon bark oil because it’s cheaper. It smells weak and has none of the benefits that cinnamon bark has.
  • When massaging, you should always direct the flow of massage towards the lymph nodes. Look at this chart to see where the major lymph nodes are.
  • You can consume some oils (like peppermint and lemon), providing they are medical/food grade and in small amounts. Organic oils are usually safe to consume because they have no poisonous pesticides on them.  Research each oil thoroughly before consuming.
  • If you’re allergic to the plant, you will most likely be allergic to the oil.

anonymous asked:

Hi there! I know this may be a question you/other witches get a lot, but if you're able to help that would be amazing. After talking to a number of witches on tumblr, I would love to start studying and become a witch. I'm just not sure where to start. I read your post about getting off tumblr, but are you able to provide me with one or two starting points? (Books, websites, etc) I just don't want to start off on the wrong foot when beginning. Thanks x

hello! i’m really happy to hear that you’re interested in this craft and community.

personally, tumblr was a great tool for me. it would give me a plethora of topics and ideas i was interested in- but then i got off tumblr to go research from credible sources for detailed information, until i got to know myself and a couple of witches i genuinely trust. don’t be afraid of using tumblr, just don’t take any post as the final truth either. (humble advice!)

the absolute, number one recommendation i have is that you get a book. any book you enjoy writing in. mine is a solid black simple sketchbook i paid less than $5 for. it felt good, it felt open, and it fit my budget. 
in that book, make a list of all the things you find that you want to/need to study.
-moon phases
-correspondences (what items are generally used for what purposes)
-astral plane


keep in mind you do not have to learn anything you’re not interested in, you don’t need to have correspondences memorized (it’s just useful to have a basic directory on hand!), and the only final rule of your craft is that it’s yours. there are certainly some topics that have a pretty reliable general consensus, and it’s wise to keep that in mind; but if something doesn’t feel right for you, that is perfectly fair and valid. for instance, roses are commonly associated with love; if you hate roses for some reason, you don’t like to look at them, they make you unhappy… then they probably won’t work well if you’re trying to purpose them for a love spell. 
keep in mind that witchcraft works in mysterious ways. if you’ve been talking to witches already, you probably already realize that it isn’t an exact practice. it’s more of an experimentation in will power and working with the energies of the world. 

as for some reliable books and websites, everyone has something different to say, but here are the sources i’ve used:
moon light academy
witchcraft and witches
cunningham’s encyclopedia of magical herbs (book, but should be easy to find online!)

@the-murmuring-elm was a huge help as i started into tarot.
@thenatalchart & @astrologymarina have been and continue to be invaluable for learning astrology. 

i have this resource that i have not yet used, but i definitely plan to- we are all still learning, after all. it is a digitized selection of books on witchcraft from cornell university’s library. 

and, as a general note, always research any oils, herbs, plants, and crystals before working with them. most oils are dangerous to apply directly to skin and must be diluted, many herbs and plants are dangerous to consume- even seemingly harmless ones, and many crystals can be damaged by sunlight or water.

i really hope this helps, friend! good luck and feel free to throw any questions or concerns into my ask box.

All About Carrier Oils

Carrier oils are an incredibly necessary ingredient when working with essential oils. 99% of essential oils must be diluted before using directly on the skin - this is where carrier oils can add so much more than simply holding the essential oil.

Sourcing your carrier oils is as important for your blends and health as sourcing the best essential oils. Carrier oils should be unrefined (organic) and for the most part, cold-pressed. Ensure you are getting the best carrier oils by doing your research.

The following are common essential oils that have been broken down into an easy to reference guide:

Sweet Almond Oil
Colour: very pale yellow
Source: kernel
Contains: glucosides, minerals, vitamins. Rich in protein
Use: good for all skin types. Relieves itchy skin. Aids in soreness, dryness and inflammation.
Dilution: 100%

Apricot Kernel Oil
Colour: pale yellow
Source: kernel
Contains: minerals & vitamins
Use: all skin types. Great for prematurely aged skin (over tanned). Excellent for sensitive, inflamed, dry skin
Dilution: 100%

Avocado Oil
Colour: dark green (if your avocado oil is light yellow, it has been refined and lost most of its health benefits)
Obtained: fruit
Contains: vitamins, protein, lecithin, fatty acids
Use: all skin types, especially dry & dehydrated skin. Great for eczema.
Dilution: 10%

Borage Oil
Colour: pale yellow
Source: seeds
Contains: gamma linolenic acid, vitamins, minerals.
Use: PMS, menopause, psoriasis & eczema, prematurely aged skin. Regenerated and stimulates skin. Great for stretch marks, All skin types.
Dilution: 10%

Evening Primrose Oil
Colour: pale yellow
Contains: gamma linolenic acid, vitamins, minerals.
Use: PMS, menopause. Excellent for psoriasis & eczema. Helps prevent premature ageing of the skin.
Dilution: 10%

Grapeseed Oil
Colour: almost colourless OR pale green
Source: seeds
Contains: vitamins, minerals, protein
Use: all skin types.
Dilution: 100%
Notes: very short shelf life (6 months)

Hazelnut Oil
Colour: yellow
Source: kernel
Contains: vitamins, minerals, protein.
Use: slightly astringent - skin tightening. Good for all skin types.
Dilution: 100%

Jojoba Oil
Colour: golden yellow
Source: bean - note that technically Jojoba is not an oil, but a wax.
Contains: protein, minerals, a waxy substance that mimics collagen.
Use: inflamed skin, psoriasis, eczema, acne, hair care, all skin types.
Dilution: 10%

Olive Oil
Colour: green
Source: olives
Contains: protein, minerals, vitamins.
Use: rheumatic conditions, hair care, cosmetics, soothing to irritated skin
Dilution: 10%

Safflower Oil
Colour: pale yellow
Contains: protein, minerals, vitamins
Use: all skin types.
Dilution: 100%

Sesame Oil:
Colour: dark yellow
Contains: vitamin, mineral, proteins, lecithin, amino-acids
Use: psoriasis, eczema, rheumatism, arthritis, all skin types
Dilution: 10%

Sunflower Oil
Colour: pale yellow
Contains: vitamins, minerals
Uses: all skin types
Dilution: 100%

Resource: “The Fragrant Pharmacy” Valerie Ann Worwood (1993)

Holy shit I finally got my MDPV I’ve been looking for some of this shit since it was banned end suddenly I meet a guy how first hits me up with 200mg for free and we have only met twice next thing he tells me and connects me to where it’s from unbelievable. I got five gramms but gave 4 to my brother because we made a deal that he will only give 1g every 14 days otherwise it will end up bad again . I’m so fucking obsessed with this stuff so now 10mg line in mothers bathroom then back home tinfoil out and Baaaaam if off for the next 4 days maybe I’ll update some off the madness that’s going to come

triggeredmedia  asked:

Solar doesn't produce energy when it's needed most (night/winter) and is extremely inefficient. Wind is unreliable. Neither work in bad weather. Both kill animals at high rates. Coal and oil are required for life for 100s of millions of people. Shipping, manufacturing, food production, healthcare, pretty much all means of production and consumption require them. You are willing to risk those lives and $trillions for your virtue signaling?

I am willing to risk a lot more for the survival of the Earth because guess what? We are running low on oil and once the Earth is drained off it your precious “industries” will fall apart violently.
Solar and wind alone are not efficient, that’s why we also have water. Hell, in Germany we once got paid money BACK because there had been TOO MUCH energy produced by solar, wind and water.

Your argumentation is utter bullshit. If the government for once would pay scientists to search for actual ways to solve a problem and not just delay it so the next generation has to deal with a catastrophe, we could by now have actually found something.

Also, the garbage those industries produce will remain for years. And I am not talking about decades, not even about centuries. All of the radioactive trash for example, the one we store underground. It will survive for millions of years. Millions. Let that sink in. The bunkers built to lock the garbage away will not last that long. Sooner or later that shit’s gonne soak into our Earth.

We could prevent some of the catastrophes we are going to face if people like you actually got off their lazy asses and stopped ignoring problems for once. Your luxury does not stand above the well-being of all of humanity nor is it more important than the world which is slowly dying beneath our feet because we drain it like some damn leeches.

There are so many inventions already which could change countless of things for the better but because no one buys them, they remain expensive and scientists don’t get enough money for further research.

Oil and coal will kill us and it has already started doing so. The greed for easy money is killing us and our planet. It enslaves people in poor countries and destroys nature. And you support that shit. Congrats.

Hair dead from too many times dyeing it, but you're too punk rock to stop?

Well! I had this same problem. I’ve been changing my hair color every two weeks for the past three years, and a lot of people would ask how I kept my hair from falling out of my scalp. Answer is, for a while, sheer dumb luck. Then, earlier this semester, it started breaking off in huge, multicolored clumps. (My roommate must have LOVED that). After that, I devised a hair care regimen that keeps everything in ship shape and looking lovely. 

  1.  Wash with Target’s Keratin Oil Shampoo cus dear god does that shit work. It comes in a big pink bottle and smells like joy.
  2. Try the Lush Seanic or Cinnamon Shampoo. This is if you are in dire need, of course, since that stuff is hella expensive. However, if you were in my position, $10 is NOTHING to keep from going bald. Also, they come in bar form which doesn’t sound like that big of a deal until you realize that this makes it more efficient to transport by a hell of a lot, thus making it super environmentally friendly. Plus they aren’t tested on animals. I like Lush way too much for my own good. Anyway! Moving on!
  3. Kiss My Face’s Whenever Conditioner wraps you all up in healing glee. This is also made with Moroccan Oil which (my research has shown) is a sustainable and humanitarian substance. But aside from the politics therein, this conditioner doesn’t take too much to coat all of your hair and makes everything smell like citrussy goodness. Leave that on there for about 5 minutes and then rinse like a normal conditioner.
  5. When styling, Got 2 b Glued makes a new keratin formula which is great for your hair. Which is good considering that brand holds your hair in place by means of divine intervention. Like no shit, it’s awesome. Never moves. A+

Now, keep in mind every scalp is different. However, this worked really really well for me, and I think it will for you too. Keep killing fascists and be kind to yourself <3


Pairing: Dean x Reader

Words: 1,920

A/N: Part 7 to the Raindrops series. You all asked for this, I hope you like it! And again, I couldn’t do it w.o Fem! Let me know if you want a part 8! I honestly never intended this series to go past a third or fourth part, but here I am. So let me know if you want a part eight, otherwise I could literally just end it with this. (It’s a pretty open ending) 

_ _ _ _ _ 

PART 1 - PART 2 - PART 3 - PART 4 - PART 5 - PART 6

“Who are you?”

The man’s grip was tight on your upper arms.

“Dean, Y/N. It’s Dean.” His eyes searched yours for something you couldn’t remember. You began to wriggle free from his grip when he let go and stood back, allowing you to adjust.

You didn’t want to speak. Nothing you would say would help figure out the situation.

“Y/N?” Green eyes said a name you assumed was yours.

You looked up at him.

“You don’t remember anything?”

“I’m sorry. I don’t.” You apologized quietly as you sat on the bed. The only thing you did know was the pain in your head was growing by the second.

The taller man cleared his throat.

“Can I talk to you for a second?” He asked, “Dean?”

“Yeah.” The man named Dean nodded and followed the other one outside the room you were in.

“What the hell is going on?” Dean demanded an answer.

“I think she has amnesia, Dean. She was already concussed and now we find her on the floor?” Sam explained, “There’s no other explanation. She must’ve…hit her head when she fell, which triggered the memory loss.”

Dean clenched his jaw, “No.”

“No, what? Dean, she can’t even remember her own name!” Sam motioned towards the door.

You heard muffled shouting outside your door. You knew it was about you. Gripping at your head, you stood up and began to search the room. A bag lay by the closet door. Opening it, clothing spilled out that seemed like they could fit you.

Standing up slowly, you walked over to the door and swung it open. Both men turned to you with wide eyes. Thoughts raced through your mind; perhaps they kidnapped you, and you should be trying to escape. Yet, something felt familiar and safe. So you just stared back at them, blank.

“Are you OK?” Dean asked.

“Except for the memory loss, I think so.” You shrugged. “My head though,” You removed your hand from your forehead, “It’s pounding.”

“You’re bleeding.” Dean stepped closer to you and you tensed.

“Can I clean the cut?” He asked. You looked between the two men, then nodded.

He motioned for you to follow him. He led you to a bathroom.

“Nice toothbrush.” You said, looking at the pink handle with hearts printed on it.

“That’s yours.” Dean smiled and took out a bandage from the cabinet.

“I like pink hearts?” You asked.

Dean nodded, “Don’t go losing that personality of yours that I lo-” He paused, “like.”

“I don’t even know what I’m like.” You sat down on the toilet seat cover. Dean carefully wiped away the blood and stuck a bandage on. His hands were rough, yet gentle.

“You’re sarcastic.” He said as he threw out the wrapper.

“Good to know.” You stood up and stared at yourself in the mirror. Dean looked at you from the corner of his eye. Your demeanor was nearly unrecognizable. An hour ago, you were smiling up at him, making a silly joke. Now you stood, rigid. Everything you said sounded completely emotionless.

Meanwhile, Sam went to the library to find anything that could cure you. Whether it be a spell, potion, or deal - he searched every possibility.

“Do you want something to eat?” Dean asked, turning to you.

“Sure.” You followed him outside of the bathroom and became mesmerized by the size of the space you were in. The hallways didn’t seem to end. When you finally reached the steps, they opened into a grand room where books were stacked high.

Dean watched your eyes wander around the place the same way they did the first time he brought you inside the bunker.

“What’s his name?” You asked Dean quietly.

“That’s my brother. Sammy.” He introduced as you continued to follow Dean through the room until you reached the kitchen.

“What do you want to eat? I can make pretty much anything.” He said.

You took a seat at what looked like a picnic table. “I don’t know. Salad, maybe?”

“You hate salad.” He said before regretting it. “But, I can still make it if you want-”

“I trust you on that. So, what do I like?” You cut him off.

Dean opened the freezer and took out some meat, “I’m pretty sure you’ll like a burger.”

You shrugged. “I’ll try it.”

Dean sighed and opened the package. You watched him as he moved around the kitchen gracefully. He obviously spent a lot of time in there.

“What is this place?” You asked suddenly. Dean looked over his shoulder from where he was grilling the burger.

“Home.” Dean answered quickly, “It’s a bunker, actually.”

“Well, what are all those books for?” You asked.

“We…” Dean racked his brain for an explanation as to why each and every one of those books contained the supernatural. “Research.”

Oil popped.

“And I…?”

“Work with me and Sammy.” Dean said.

You looked down at your clothing. The shirt you were wearing was definitely not your size. It hung off of your frame loosely, much too long for you. It was a men’s t-shirt. You looked up at Dean quizzically. There was something he wasn’t telling you; but you left the conversation to rest.

The socks you wore made you smile.

“What?” Dean said. He had been watching you.

“My socks are…funny.” You looked at the monkeys that smiled back at you. For the first time, Dean smiled.

“What?” It was your turn to ask.

“It’s good that you think that.”


“You’re getting your personality back. You love funky prints like that.” He said and you thought back to the toothbrush littered with hearts.

“Dean!” His brother came rushing into the kitchen. “We could try calling Castiel, maybe he could help her with her memory.”

Dean looked at you. “Would you be up for it?”

“Is he a doctor?” You asked. Dean looked at Sam.

“Yeah.” Both brothers said in unison.

“I’ll uh, go call him.” Sam walked out from the kitchen.

“There’s a phone right here.” You motioned at the wall phone. Sam continued walking.

Dean slid you a plate with a perfect looking burger on it. He waited for your reaction as you bit into it.

“I think I like burgers.” You said with a full mouth. “A lot.”

Dean exhaled relief and placed his palms flat on the counter. It was cool to the touch.

“Where is she?” An unfamiliar voice echoed towards you and you looked up quickly. It was deep and raspy.

Dean had only just realized that you had never met Cas before.

“Y/N, this is Cas.” Dean introduced you to a man in a trenchcoat with blue eyes that you practically got lost in.

Before you could protest, he raised two fingers to your forehead and you felt a tingle run down your spine.

“Something’s wrong.” Cas removed his fingers from your forehead and you stepped back quickly, stumbling into Dean. Your back hit his chest and he gripped your shoulders, stabilizing you. His embrace felt familiar. You didn’t step away from him.

“What do you mean something’s wrong?” Dean asked, not minding that you were still pressed against him.

“It’s going to take more than my grace to fix her.”

“Grace?” You asked, looking between the three men. “What the hell is going on?”

“Come, I’ll explain everything.” Dean said.

“I’m not coming anywhere until you tell me what the hell he’s talking about.” You moved away from Dean.

“He’s an angel.” Dean spit out.

Your lips parted.

“And, we thought maybe he could restore your memories.” Sam explained.

“I’m supposed to believe this?”

Dean dropped his head into his hand.

“Y/N,” Sam turned to you, “He’s not lying.”

“You guys are crazy.” You stepped back until your back hit the wall. “I need to- I-” Without another word you began to sprint back to the room that you came from before.

_ _ _ _ _

“Now what?” Dean crossed his arms.

“We could just tell her the truth.” Sam suggested. “And if she wants to, she’ll stay. It’s her choice.”

Castiel furrowed his brows, “Would you like me to try again?”

Dean pursed his lips before saying, “No. We just need to give her time. Maybe she’ll start remembering things.”

Sam shrugged. “It’s a possibility.”

“Thanks, Cas.” Dean placed a hand on the angel’s shoulder.

Sam sighed, “I’ll keep reading.”

_ _ _ _ _

There was no clock in the room. The walls were bare. It would have been extremely unsettling if you hadn’t already felt a familiarity with the area. Laying down, you tried to remember anything. It was like trying to grab something, and being unable to reach it.

“Did I have a favorite color?” You whispered to yourself. Apparently, you liked to talk to yourself. “Or candy?”

“Gummy bears.” Dean opened the door. You hadn’t even bothered to shut it when you ran inside.

“What?” You propped yourself up on one elbow.

“Your favorite candy. Gummy bears.”

“Oh.” You dropped your head back down onto the bed.

He sat down on the edge of the table. One leg was pressed firmly against the floor, while the other swung.

“We didn’t mean to freak you out.” He said, “But, until you get your memories back, anything we say will probably scare you.”

You didn’t answer. You didn’t know what to say.

“But if you want, I’ll tell you everything. All of it.” He offered.

“I’d like that.” You said, still staring at the ceiling.

So Dean began to tell you everything, just like he said he would. He started by explaining that you were apparently a hunter. You had met him and his brother while undercover for a ghost case.

“Ghost?” You had asked when he said it. Eventually, the story became more recent as he explained to you what a shapeshifter was, and what one of these shifters had done to you. You looked down at your wrists and saw he was right, they were bruised.

“Your back.” He said. You ran your fingers down the raw skin. You hadn’t even felt the pain of the cuts, having been too focused on trying to regain your memory.

“I should’ve gotten to you faster.” He looked down at the floor, then up at you, “I shouldn’t have let you get taken away in the first place.” His gaze was set hard on you. Regret filled his voice, and you had no choice but to believe him. Somehow, you felt that you had trusted him before.

“So, monsters are real?” You asked, finally sitting up completely.

Dean nodded. “And we kill ‘em.”

“So, we’re superheroes?”

He let out a low laugh and lifted himself off the table.

“Anyways, how are you holding up?” Dean asked.

You moved over to the edge of the bed, where you sat pretzel legged.

“Five by five.” The words felt natural. Perhaps you said this often.

You looked up to find Dean looking at you, one brow raised as if to say, ‘Really?’

“Truth?” You began, “It hurts so much. Not the head pain, though. That’s subsiding. It’s the memories that hurt. Well, the lack of them.”

“We’ll get them back. I promise.” He reassured.

“I don’t know, Dean. I keep trying and trying, but I hit nothing. God, I don’t even know what my favorite color is!” Tears built up in your eyes. Dean walked over and sat next to you. His bright eyes remained steady on yours.

“Maybe green.” You said quietly.

Witch tip:

Michaels. Go to Michael’s. They have so many things, from wax and candles to even essential oils for extremely cheap, and the oils are perfectly safe as long as you’re not consuming them (they’re meant for candle-making) or putting particularly strong ones on your skin. they also have lovely bottles, jars, clay, twine, and a bunch of other good things you can use for witchcraft or a quick spell! be sure to research any oils or products you buy before using them internally or on your skin.

Intervention in civil wars ‘far more likely in oil-rich nations’

Jan. 28 2015

Conspiracy theorists have long insisted that modern wars revolve around oil. Now research suggests hydrocarbons play an even bigger role in conflicts than they had suspected.

According to academics from the Universities of Portsmouth, Warwick and Essex, foreign intervention in a civil war is 100 times more likely when the afflicted country has high oil reserves than if it has none. The research is the first to confirm the role of oil as a dominant motivating factor in conflict, suggesting hydrocarbons were a major reason for the military intervention in Libya, by a coalition which included the UK, and the current US campaign against Isis in northern Iraq.

It suggests we are set for a period of low intervention because the falling oil price makes it a less valuable asset to protect. “We found clear evidence that countries with potential for oil production are more likely to be targeted by foreign intervention if civil wars erupt,” said one of the report authors, Dr Petros Sekeris, of the University of Portsmouth. “Military intervention is expensive and risky. No country joins another country’s civil war without balancing the cost against their own strategic interests.”

The report’s starkest finding is that a third party is 100 times more likely to intervene when the country at war is a big producer and exporter of oil than when it has no reserves. “After a rigorous and systematic analysis, we found that the role of economic incentives emerges as a key factor in intervention,” said co-author Dr Vincenzo Bove, of the University of Warwick. “Before the Isis forces approached the oil-rich Kurdish north of Iraq, Isis was barely mentioned in the news. But once Isis got near oil fields, the siege of Kobani in Syria became a headline and the US sent drones to strike Isis targets,” he added.

The study, published in the Journal of Conflict Resolution, analysed 69 civil wars between 1945 and 1999, but did not examine foreign invasions. It noted that civil wars have made up more than 90 per cent of all armed conflicts since the Second World War and that two-thirds of these have seen a third-party intervention.

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How to Make Essential Oils

Essential oils are highly concentrated, volatile oils that can be extracted from aromatic plants. Their use dates back to ancient times, and their wide variety of therapeutic, medicinal, magickal, and culinary uses has ensured their continued popularity. About 700 different kinds of plants contain useful essential oils, and there are several methods employed to extract them, the most common of which is distillation. While essential oils can be very expensive to buy, they are relatively cheap to distill at home. This guide provides basic instructions on how to extract the oils using the relatively simple and effective water-and-steam distillation process.

1.) Obtain or build a still (the apparatus used for distilling). You can purchase one specially designed for distilling essential oils; these generally cost a couple hundred dollars or more, but if you plan on doing a lot of distilling and you’re not particularly mechanically inclined, this is probably the way to go. If you want to try building a still, you’ve got plenty of room for creativity - there are thousands of still designs, and even today, many stills are homemade. The key components of a still are:

  • The heat source or furnace, which is used to boil the water. Direct fire, a fire built under the retort is the oldest method for heating the still. Today, we can also use gas, such as propane or butane, and electricity. Fuel costs are a major factor when considering a heat source for you distiller;
  • The holding tank or retort, which holds both the water and, just above the water on a grate or false bottom - picture a vegetable steamer - the plant material to be distilled;
  • The condenser, which collects the steam and cools it, usually by piping it through a tube immersed in cold water, and…
  • The separator, which separates the essential oil from the water vapor. The separator, or Essencier, is one of the most important pieces of apparatus a distiller can have. This enables the distiller to separate the essential oils from the distillate in a passive manner.

2.) Harvest your raw material. The quantity of essential oils contained in a plant varies over the course of the plant’s development, so it is essential to harvest at the right time. This will depend on the type of plant, so you need to do some research to determine when to harvest. It is also critical to harvest the plants correctly - careless handling, harvesting the wrong parts, even harvesting at the wrong time of day can reduce the quantity and quality of the essential oils. Again, research the plant you wish to distill. If you’re buying harvested material, you don’t have much control over the harvesting process; look for plants that appear healthy and undamaged, and ask the seller when they were harvested. Generally plants that are in whole form (not crushed or powdered) are best.

3.) Dry the plant material. Drying reduces the amount of oil in each plant, but can greatly increase your yield per batch because you will be able to fit more material into each batch. Drying should be done slowly and NOT in direct sunlight. You can choose not to dry your plant material. Commercially grown plants such as lavender and peppermint may be allowed to dry in the field after cutting for a day or so. The ideal drying method varies from plant to plant, but in general you should not overheat the plants - drying in the shade or even in a dark room minimizes the oil lost - you should not over-dry them, and you must not allow the plants to become wet again before distillation. Distill as soon as possible after drying.

4.) Add water to the tank of your still. Use clean water, ideally filtered or distilled and as soft as possible. If you’re using a manufactured still, follow the manufacturer’s direction. Otherwise, simply make sure you have enough water in the still to complete the distillation; depending on the plant and on the quantity, distillation can take anywhere from a half-hour to six hours or more after the water boils. Be sure that the water level is close to, but not touching, the false bottom that will hold the plant material. If you are performing a hydrodistillation (this is useful for delicate flowers or powdered roots, bark or wood), you will need to have your plant material free floating IN the water.

5.) Add your plant material and pack it tightly in the still. You do not need to chop or cut the plant material, and doing so will cause you to lose some of the oils. The plant material should rest on the false bottom or grate above the water and should touch the sides of the still as little as possible. The layer of plant material can be quite thick as long as it is below the steam outlet (a couple inches below the outlet for a small still, a foot below for a large one).

6.) Close the still and boil the water. Most plants will release their essential oils at 100 degrees Celsius or 212 degrees Fahrenheit, the normal boiling point of water.

7.) Keep an eye on the still. After a while the distillate should begin to come through your condenser and into your separator. The process should be fairly hands-off, but you will want to ensure that you do not run out of water in your still. Depending on the length of the distillation process, you may also need to change the water in the condenser so that the cooling process continues to work. Follow the instructions for the particular plant you are distilling.

8.) Filter the collected oil (optional). Once your distillation is complete you may filter the oil through cheesecloth or similar dry cotton fabric. Ensure that the cloth is dry and clean - detergent residues as well as dirt can contaminate the oil.

9.) Pour the oil into a container for storage. Do this as quickly as possible. Most essential oils can be kept for at least two years, but some have extraordinary shelf lives. To maximize the useful life of your oil, keep it in a dark glass bottle or stainless steel container. Use a clean funnel to pour the oil into the container, and make sure the container is impeccably clean before pouring the oil into it. Store in a cool, dark place.

Keep reading

skincare myths

ok im a huge skin person and ive dealt with oily, zitty skin since i was 11 so ive been around the block when it comes to skin care.

theres a lot of homemade skincare recipes going around. not all of which are good for you. heres some basic skincare myths busted.

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Confidence perfume

I was doing research on oils and I found some that are awesome for confidence so I decided I should make this lil perfume for me! I have low confidence and self esteem since I’m on the bigger side, so maybe this will help alongside a new diet and some more freqent excercise!


  • A glass rub-on perfume bottle
  • rose essential oil (confidence)
  • small piece of rose quartz (self love)
  • one rose petal (love)
  • One juniper berry (self love and self purification)
  • Water
    • I perfer to do half blessed moon water and half regular water!

Put the rose quartz in before you pour anything. Place it at the bottom and charge it for half an hour with positive energy by meditating on your intentions. Then pour in half the water (regular water first if you’re doing moon water). Add the juniper berry now, channeling it with pure energy. Put in six drops of rose essential oil, and fill the rest of the bottle up. Finally, add five more drops of rose oil. For stronger results, leave it out during a gibbous moon to help you accomplish self love.


today was busy and productive and so so good. Forest and I made pumpkin French toast in the morning, read all the books in the toy box, and had a tickle fight, all before his morning nap. we got lunch with Zach at a new Mediterranean restaurant in town – falafels and hummus and pita and pesto chicken - SO delicious! Then, we dropped him back off at work, headed to the park for an hour to get out alllll the energy, went to the yarn store, spent a small fortune on yarn (business account, yo), and came home to nap/crochet the afternoon away. I became a member of Young Living essential oils (STOKED) and researched a bunch of ways to replace all the chemicals in our house with homemade stuff, you know, natural cleaning products and face wash and all that. then my boy woke up and we had a snack and a small dance party before heading off to family dinner at Zach’s parents’ house (btw, I adore them. They are SO wonderful and fun, I really hit the in-laws jackpot) where we ate and talked and laughed and watched survivor. and now, the day is done and I am sitting in the car, listening to the deep, even breaths of my sleeping baby boy (I should bring him in to lay him down for bed but it’s so peaceful and quiet and still!) and, while I recognize that adventures are the best and so fun and cool and I hope we never stop adventuring, there is something to be said about hard work and creating a home and a family and a good + simple life with people you love. I am so thankful for every joy and struggle, the monotony and the excitement, the everyday and the adventure, and every detail of our life. so so thankful.