ohrid's lake

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Ohrid’den Sveti Naum’a doğru giderken, sadece 16 kilometre kadar uzaklıkta denizin üzerine kurulmuş ilkel kerpiçten yapılma bir yerleşim yeridir. MÖ 1200-700 arasında burada yaşayan insanlar hem yaban hayvanlarından, hem de insanlardan korunmak için suyun üzerine bir yerleşim kurmuşlar. Yüzer köprüyü kaldırdıkları zaman güvende oluyorlarmış. Burası da aslına bire bir uygun olarak bu ilkel yerleşimin reprodüksiyonu ve müzeye dönüştürülmüş hali. Bu bölgede harika bir göl manzarası ve inanılmaz berraklıkta bir suyu var.
#Makedonya Ohri şehrinde gezilecek yerlerden sadece biri daha bir çok şahane yer var 😊

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Sunset, Lake Ohrid, Macedonia

French Advance in Albania

Essad Pasha meeting with the French in Salonika.

September 7 1917, Pogradec–The Allied forces around Salonika were weaker than they had been for quite a while; the British had withdrawn forces, and a new, generous leave policy for the French soldiers there (an indirect consequences of the mutinies in France) meant most French divisions were understrength at any given time.  Nevertheless, Sarrail wanted a victory.  A breakthrough in the Struma valley or north of Monastir would be impossible with the troops he had available, but, further west, there were still possibilities in Albania.  The French had largely neglected the area, worried about stepping on Italy’s toes and because it had little strategic importance.  Nevertheless, only lightly defended by an extremely-distracted Austria, it proved a tempting target.

On September 7, the French launched an attack toward the town of Pogradec, on the southwestern shore of Lake Ohrid.  Within three days they had taken the town, at a cost of under 200 casualties.  Although it had little strategic importance, it was hailed as a great victory in France, thanks to Sarrail’s contacts in the socialist press.

Assisting the French in the battle was a contingent of 500 Albanians under Essad Pasha, the self-styled President of Albania.  No longer backed by the Italians, Essad wanted to prove his value and hopefully gain recognition from his government.  Essad’s Albanians acquitted themselves well on the familiar terrain, successfully raiding Austrian positions in the coming weeks.  However, Essad’s increasing prominence only served to anger the Italians, Greeks, and Serbians, who all had their own interests in Albania.

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Sources include: Alan Palmer, The Gardeners of Salonika.

French Advance in Albania Swiftly Vetoed by Italy

October 20 1917, Pogradec–The Allied forces around Salonika were weaker than they had been at this point last year, with the British having withdrawn many of their troops for use in their upcoming offensive in Palestine.  The French, however, had had some success in Albania in September around Pogradec, and Sarrail was hopeful that a renewed push in that area, relatively weakly defended by the Central Powers, could make a difference.  He planned to push up the western shore of Lake Ohrid, then turn east in an attempt to outflank the Bulgarians north of Monastir.  Delayed by misty conditions, the French moved out in force from Pogradec on October 20, and advanced a few miles in the first day.  They were to be assisted on their flanks by Essad Pasha’s Albanian irregulars.

Despite its initial success, the offensive was halted within 36 hours by orders from Paris.  The Italians (as well as the Greeks and Serbians) were not pleased at the French conducting operations in Albania, especially not when doing so seemed to prop up Essad Pasha’s claims to being the legitimate Albanian government.  Italy thought Albania was their sphere of influence, and Italian political concerns trumped the prospect of military gains on the ground in a sector that few politicians cared about.  The French dug in five miles north of Pogradec, and would remain there for the next 11 months.

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Sources include: Alan Palmer, The Gardeners of Salonika

25 remarkable things you did not know about Macedonia

It was 25 years ago today that Macedonia celebrated independence from the failed state of Yugoslavia. To mark the occasion, here are 25 things you did not know about the Balkan country.

1. That’s the ‘Republic of Macedonia’ to you

The country has had some controversy around its name, with Greece also laying claim to the title of Macedonia for one of its northern regions, much of which fell within the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon. The dispute is still a hot potato, which is why Macedonia is officially known as the Republic of Macedonia and was entered into the EU and Nato as the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia – or FYROM for short.

2. It’s high

There are more than 50 lakes and 34 mountains higher than 2,000 metres. It has the fifth highest average elevation of any country in Europe (741m), behind Andorra (highest), Switzerland, Austria and Turkey.

Keep reading

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The Monastery of Saint Naum (Macedonian: Манастир „Свети Наум“) is an Eastern Orthodox monastery in the Republic of Macedonia, named after the medieval Saint Naum who founded it.[1] It is situated along Lake Ohrid, 29 kilometres (18 mi) south of the city of Ohrid.

The Lake Ohrid area, including St Naum, is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Macedonia.[2]