oglala-sioux-tribe

The Oglala Sioux Tribe is making history by working with the National Park Service to create the first tribal national park, located on a wild stretch of 133,000 acres, within the Park Service. The management of this new park will respect the traditional beliefs and practices of the land’s ancestral owners.

Read about the plan to restore some 1,000 bison to the land: http://wwf.to/11bPmb9

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It’s a lot like a talking circle. Everybody gets a chance to talk without interruption. It’s done in a respectful way. It’s confidential.
—  Oglala Sioux tribe Attorney General Rae Ann Red Owl • Discussing the South Dakota tribe’s unusual method of sentencing people convicted of crimes in the community. In the sentencing circle, people involved in the case — including prosecutors, police, victims, relatives and others with an interest in the suspect’s punishment — get to talk about their issues with the case, allowing the offender to get a punishment tailored to their specific situation. It takes time (the first test case, which originated in Family and Child Court, started in February) and some worry about the surfacing victims’ dark memories, but Red Owl hopes that the sentencing method better holds community members accountable and encourages a form of justice that helps the community at large. A very fascinating test.

This Sept. 9, 2012 file photo shows the entrance to the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota, home to the Oglala Sioux tribe. | CREDIT: AP/Kristi Eaton, File.

Four members of the Oglala Sioux Tribe filed a lawsuit in September claiming that the county’s failure to provide a satellite voting site on the Pine Ridge Reservation disadvantaged members of the Native American community, and violated Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act. | DOJ Weighs In On South Dakota’s Native American Voting Rights Lawsuit

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I would like to expand on American Terrorism after viewing the lynching post cards of the South earlier today:

The above images make me sick to my stomach and brings tears to my eyes. The craziest part is the bottom image was modified since I was born in ‘91 because it originally read Battle of Wounded Knee just like the photographs. It was no battle. It was murder.

Let me take you to a place known today as Wounded Knee, SD. A dark time in history that even the State of South Dakota is not required to teach as a part of their American History curriculum.


The Massacre of Wounded Knee
December 29th, 1890


My birth name is Amanda Not Help Him. I was brought into this world by my parents Dani Daughtery (Fresquez) and Jeffrey Not Help Him in Pine Ridge, SD. My paternal grandmother, Celane Not Help Him, was a granddaughter of Dewey Beard.

Beard, also known as Iron Hail, was a survivor of The Battle of Little Big Horn and the Massacre of Wounded Knee. He passed on the story of the fate of Big Foot, pictured after his murder the second photo from the top, and his people to my grandmother Celane.

The day before the massacre Chief Big Foot, sick with pneumonia, and his band of Lakotas had been making way to the Pine Ridge Agency to visit Chief Red Cloud when they were intercepted by the U.S. 7th Calvary led by Maj. Samuel M. Whitside. Big Foot, in the interest of his people, surrendered.

After their arrest they were led five miles West where Big Foot’s people were told to make camp by Wounded Knee Creek. John Shangreau, a half-Sioux scout and interpreter informed the Calvary to not disarm the Indians immediately for it would provoke violence. Instead, they were disarmed the following morning.

Later on that night the rest of the soldiers under Col. James W. Forsyth bringing the total of 7th Calvary soldiers to approximately 500. In comparison, Big Foot’s band only consisted of 350; 230 men, 120 women and children. The soldiers surrounded my ancestors with the help of four fast-firing Hotchkiss Mountain Guns. Calvary men made their rounds and questioned the men of their ages to determine who would’ve been old enough to be present at The Battle of Little Big Horn in Montana 14 years earlier on June 25th, 1876.

The following morning, December 29th,1890, all were ordered to give up their weapons. This was right before all hell broke loose. On Army account it was stated fire erupted after a medicine man ordered those who withheld weapons from the Calvary to attack. That is false.

Fire was opened after a misunderstanding and accidental shot was fired by the gun of the nearly deaf Black Coyote as soldiers attempted to pry away his weapon from his hands. Immediately after Black Coyote’s gun went off the 7th Calvary began to open fire on defenseless Lakota men, women, and children attempting to flee. The warriors who managed to grab confiscated weapons fired back but also fell to Calvary bullets within minutes.

Estimates say between 150-300 Lakota men, women, and children were murdered around the encampment site. Several more would also be killed up to two miles away. Even more Lakotas would perish from wounds later on as they attempted to reach the Pine Ridge Agency for refuge. My great-great grandfather Iron Hail nearly became another casualty from the gunshot wound his leg suffered from Calvary fire.

Only 25 7th Calvary men died initially and 39 were injured. Six of the injured died later on from wounds. After a three day blizzard ensued, American civilians coined as The Burial Party were hired to gather all the dead Lakota. The Burial Party took the bodies of the deceased Lakotas in an irreverent fashion and dumped them into a mass grave atop a hill that overlooked the Wounded Knee encampment where the dead still lie to this day.

Many Non-Indian residents around the Indian Reservation supported the extermination of pretty much Big Foot’s entire band. They viewed it as the fortunate demise of a savage cult. L. Frank Baum, who would later be known as the author of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, submitted an editorial response to the Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer (Aberdeen, SD) on the subject of Wounded Knee stating that:

“The [Aberdeen Saturday] Pioneer has before declared that our only safety depends upon the total extermination of the Indians. Having wronged them for centuries, we had better, in order to protect our civilization, follow it up by one more wrong and wipe out these untamed and untamable from the face of the earth. In this lies future safety for our settlers and soldiers who are under incompetent commands. Otherwise, we may expect future years to be as full of trouble with the redskins as those have been in the past.”

on January 3, 1891. A grandson of Baum’s would formally apologize over a century later.

As for Col. Forsyth, he was originally relieved of his position by Gen. Nelson Miles on grounds that James had disobeyed his command in order to maximize Indian casualties. This decision wasn’t conducted as a “formal court-martial” so the Secretary of War reinstated Forsyth and placed him as the commander of the 7th Calvary.

At least 20 of the 7th Calvary would go on to be awarded the Medal of Honour. In 2001 the National Congress of American Indians condemned these “Medals of Dishonour” by passing two resolutions and pushed for the U.S. government to revoke the awards.

If you believe all of this to be untrue, I don’t know what to tell you. One final thing I will say is up until I was 9 years old I grew up 7 miles from the mass grave site. To this day whenever I go visit home from California I go to pay my respects.

Though the way of life was never the same after the massacre, my people still exist. May my people and all other persons of all colors who come from or are victims of American Terrorism rise above and prosper.

-In Memorium of All Indigenous Murdered and Sentenced to Die By the U.S. Government-

Oglala Sioux Tribe Demands Justice For Crimes

Wednesday, April 18, 2012


“Violence on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation is far too familiar; grievance for lost loved ones hangs heavy in the air. At times, the commonality of murder and violence has been so exceptional that it cannot be understood by its own people.

A perpetual state of mourning consumes much of the population due to the federal government’s neglect of its duties to investigate and prosecute murders on the Reservation, but a dedicated group of Tribal officials is now taking action to restore justice at Pine Ridge.

Fed up with federal apathy, Oglala officials are now demanding that agencies, including the Department of Justice and the FBI, take action. Since the 1970s, and some would even argue the 1950s, homicides on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation have been largely overlooked by the federal government. The number of murders that have been inadequately investigated and ineffectively prosecuted, if at all, is an outrage. In the 1970s, violence plagued the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. Between March 1, 1973, and March 1, 1976, the murder rate on the Reservation soared to 170 per 100,000; the highest nationwide.”

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Big Energy & Trophy Hunting Ties Prompt Oglala Sioux Tribe to Call for Congressional Investigation into Grizzly Delisting

Big Energy & Trophy Hunting Ties Prompt Oglala Sioux Tribe to Call for Congressional Investigation into Grizzly Delisting

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Custer’s 1874 Expedition into the Black Hills hunted for bear. Published July 23, 2016  PINE RIDGE INDIAN RESERVATION — The Oglala Sioux Tribe (OST) is calling for a Congressional investigation into the conduct of the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and one of its leading officials after concluding that the Service “is not, the evidence suggests, conducting this process in good faith with…

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